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Newspaper Archive of
The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
July 20, 1947     The Observer
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July 20, 1947
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I-- 3 SecUe. (Oh00rr-urr [dine. of OUll 00VSI)AY VI$110B , i OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE T  . . m , "l Churchmen, Statesmen, Veterans' ewl Se(tlom VOL. XXXVl, NO 12 JULY 20, 1947 Pope Indirectly Answers Plea For Birth Prevention Refers To 'Shameful Proposals Made By Irresponsible Persons' Vatican City, July 14 -- (Radio, NC)-- His Holiness Pope Plus XII in an audience granted to the Can- adian delegates to the Internat- ional Postal Congress held in Par- is, referred approvingly to the re- cent Marian Congress in Ottawa and said that "devotion to the lVIother of God is the most salu- tary memory to awaken in these sad days when physical wretched- ness undermines Christian moral- ity and shameful proposals made by irresponsible persons, heedless of God's law and reckless of the irreparable harm that would en- sue to domestic and civil society, aimed at its utter collapse." (Recently Mrs. Margaret San- ger Slee, honorary chairman of the Planned Parenthood Federa- tion of America, in connection with her visit to England to attend a conference on family planning, ad- vocated a ten-year moratorium on births as a remedy for food short- ages in the hungry countries of Europe.) "The world will never be bet- tared through moral degradation," the Pontiff declared, expressing to the delegates the wish that "Canada may preserve intact the glory of her Christian heritage through a self-disciplined rever- ence for what is holy, just and honorable." "Thus," he said, "the world will be her eternal debtor. Pittsburgh, Iuly 14--(NC)-- In proposing a 10-year moratorium on births in the hungry countries of Europe, Mrs. Margaret Sanger Slee, director of the Birth Control :Research Bureau, "has plainly pur- sued the birth control thesis to its 1ultimate absurdity." the Pitts- burgh Post Gazette declares in an editorial entitled "Experiment in Suicide." "What she now advocates," the paper adds, "is an experiment in mass suicide For" a period of 10 years, the creation of life would l become a crime, just as it is now a crime to destroy life. This is more than birth control on a mass scale. It is a disruption in the civilization ' of Europe and the world The cost in human values is beyond estimate." Asserting that "surely our re- sources, our highly developed ec- onomic machine, our ingenuity and imagination are capable of meet- ing the challenge" of hunger abroad "without resort to this experiment in suicide," the edi- torial says: "Years of war have reduced the world's resources, diminished its potential production. Even so, we have not yet reached so bankrupt a state that we must declare a moratorium on human life." Veteran Refuses To Rent Home To Childless Couple Washington, July 14 --(NC)-- Back in the days when George Knox McMullan was a corporal in the Army, he couldn't find a house to live in because he is the fath- er of two children. He has a house now--in fact he has a house to spare. Employed by the Treas- ury Department, he is being trans- ferred from Washington to Miss- issippi. So when he advertised his house for rent, he stipulated that consideration would be given only to applicants who have child- ten. Old Galena Market House I Old Market House At Galena, To Be Purchased By State Of Illinois And Preserved As Memorial Historical Building Regarded As Model Of Early Midwest Architecture Was Designed By Father Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli BY THOMAS J. McCARTHY Built in 1845 by H. T. Staufer from the plans and de- signs of the famous Dominican priest, the Rev. Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli, the Old Market House at Galena, Ill., is to be purchased by the state of Illinois to be preserved and maintained as a public memorial. The one hundred and two year old building, in value of historical importance, has been compared to the Old Court House at Springfield and the Old State House at Vandalia. It is similar to Feneuil Hall in Boston. In the last decade, the Old Mar- ket House has been the subject of noted artists who may be found throughout the spring and fall of each year, transferring the grace- ful outlines of this structure to canvas. One of the last market houses of the Mississippi Valley, the structure has been recommend- ed by the American Building sur- vey to be preserved as a sample of early midwest architecture. Lorado Taft, the great sculptor, cites the Old Market House as an early American work of architec- tural value. In his late book, "Classic Ameri- can Buildings," Talbot F. Hamlin noted New York architect asso- ciated with Columbia university, describes this institution designed by Father Mazzuchelli and em- phasizes its historical value. A picture of this old building is filed by the Library of Congress at Washington. Father Mazzuchelli was born of noble parents at Milan, Italy on Nov. 4, 1806. He entered the Do- minican order at the Convent of St. Andrew, Foenza, Italy on Dec. 6, 1823. Following his profession one year later, the young religious volunteered for missionary work in the United States under the di- rection of the Most Rev. Edward Fenwick, Bishop of Cincinnati, Ohio. Ordained on Sept. 5, 1830, by Bishop Fenwick, Father Maz- zuchelli was sent to the mission outpost at Mackinac Island, Mich. He then crossed the lake in a canoe to Wisconsin and into the wilds of a new mission field. He visited the: trading post village of Prairie du Chien and the small village of Min- eral Point. Travelling on horse- back down to Galena, he arrived at this small mining settlement some sixty miles below Mineral Point in July 1835. It was then that history began for the great priest, architect and educator, a prepossessing figure whose influ- ence in the northwest territory has been felt up to the present day. Twelve churches in northwestern Illinois, Eastern Iowa and south- western Wisconsin, including Du- buque's first cathedral, Old St. Michael's and St. Mary's at Ga- lena, have been attributed to the work of Father Mazzuchelli. He daatmnd Sit. ahzlal'= at. Praida du Official Urge Measure To Allow 400,000 DP's Enter United States Msgr. John O'Grady Details Findings Of Firsthand Investigations Among War ! Unfortunates In Latin-American Nations Washington, July 14--(NC)--Unless the United State )ermits entry of a substantial Immber of Europe's displaced persons within its borders, it will weaken its position oi leadership throughout the world, Msgr. John O'Grady, secre- tary of the National Conference of Catholic Charities, told members of the immigration subcommittee of the House Judiciary Committee tn urging favorable action on the Stratton Rill, which would admit 400,000 Notre Dame Host DP's to this nation. The subcommittee also heard For Priests' C.A. testimony in favor of the bill, sponsored by Representative WiI- Study Week liam G. Stratton of Illinois, from Edward T. McCaffery, chairman of the national executive committee of the Catholic War Veterans, and Herbert H. Lehman, former Gov- ernor of new York and director general of the United Nations Re- lief and Rehabilitation Administra- tion. Mr. McCaffrey told the legis- lators that he had been authorized by the Jewish War Veterans to submit his views on behalf of that organization, while Mr. Lehman asserted that virtually every Jew- ish Organization in the riation was in favor of the measure. A state- ment by Philip Murray, president of the Congress of Industrial Or- ganizations supporting the bill was read by John Edelman, C.I.O. offi- Chien as well as smaller churches cial. in Shullsburg and Benton, Wis., Monsignor O'Grady declared and Bellevue, Iowa. Plans for the that the Catholic Church, along old Jo Daviess County Court House, with 18 other groups in the United which is now remodelled, were States is vitally interested in the made by the architect priest. The problem. He pointed out that War Old Market House at Galena and Relief Services--National Catho- early buildings on the campus of tic Welfare Conference has been Iowa State college were designed doing its utmost in helping with by Father Mazzuchelli. the resettlement of the DP's in On February 23, 1864, he died Europe. lic Action Moderator at Notre He related that during the last Dame, on "The Theology of Catho- at Benton Wis., of pneumonia con-  ........ ,..a , La ;. ^ .a.,;,,;.. nve montns no nan oeen in various lic Action." ,".o/'",,.,."."':,'"',;':,; South American countries in an ef- Specialized forms of Catholic ae- ;erso.Deatl=eae  slol t- af'ter Ifrt to find new homes for the tion will be spotlighted Wednesday tPle completion'of the ne t Mi DP s, and that Argentina, Brazil, morning, August 6, when diseus- hl,. , ^h ;. c'_.le, a ,,,hi::h h :[Chile, Uruguay and Paraguay have sion will center around the Young" ,:1'".'.' ,g: 1 , .... ,lbeen cooperating in the humane Christian Workers, the Young  ' ',.,'l':d,,','.: ",,[ undertaking, i Christian Students and the fire ............... of 1856 which" ..... destroyed ............. greater[ He detailed that he learned from Cht'istian Farmers. The ltter's Galena. I  I Contlnued on pare 4. News See. Continued on page 4, News Sec. A picture of Father Mazzuchelli I ........  ............ ---:=-.. ---=: ....... : hangs in the new Galena museuml . . . __ _ . anmng the portraits of the pioneerlAulu'lH|a n .qitllerJtl  Annfulnl. I-- ........... r .............. '," settlers of Galena. He s honored Changes Affecting Priests In Diocese by the people of the northern Il- linois territory as a hero of the early years. The name of Father Mazzuchelli is venerated in the places where he was known and did's work. At Freeport, Ill., the Fourth De- gree assembly of the Knights of Columbus has been named in his honor. The Dominican Sisters of Sinsinawa, Wis., founded by the Rev. Samuel Charles Mazzuchelli, have asked prayers for the cause of his beatification. Designer Fr. S. C. Maaauehelli Notre Dame, Ind. -- The Univer- sity of Notre Dame will be host August 4-8, to the Fifth Annual Catholic Action Study Week for Priests, which will feature lectures by such world-renowned Catholic Actionists as Canon Joseph Cardijn of Brussels, Belgium founder of the Young Christian Worker movement, and Patrick Keegan, England's na- tional YCW president. Canon Cardijn, who is in this country to attend several important Catholic Action and YCW confer- ences, will speak at the August 7 morning sessmn. Mr. Keegan will lead a discussion Wednesday even- ing, August 6, on "The Personal Apostolate". The first full day's program will include talks by Msgr. Reynold Hillenbrand, of Chicago, on "Social Problems of Today"; the Rev. John Fitzsimons, of Liverpool, England, and a faculty memher at Notre Dame, on "Papal Teaching Concern ing Catholic Action"; and the Rev. Theodore Hesburgh, C.S.C., Catho- At the triennial chapter of the Augustinian Order, Pro- vince of Our Mother of Good Counsel, held at Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, July 7, 8 and 9 the following changes effecting priests in the Rockford area were announced. At the chapter, the Most Rev. Joseph A. Hickey, O.S.A., prior general of the Augustinians throughout the world, with headquarters in Rome, Italy, presided. The Very@ ............ , ......... . -- l u..., asslsan a . aary s ev names d ecnor, u  ,, Chur h k " " " " "I c , Roc ford, has been ap- of Detroit, Michigan, was returned I pointed prior of St. Augustine's to the office of Provincial of the[ Church, Detroit, Michigan. Roy. province for another term of three Joseph X. Senke, O.S.A., assistant years, pastor of SS. ' Peter and Paul l Rev. Christopher C. McGrath, Church, Rockford, has been trans- O.S.A., prior and rector of St. Mary ferred to St. Rita's High School, Church for the past seven years, Chicago. Rev. William Thomas, has been appointed prior of a new O.S.A., athletic director of St. foundation for a minor seminary of the Order, to be established at Lake Wawasee, Indiana Rev. Clement C. McHale, O.S.A., pastor of SS. Peter and Paul Church, is assigned to the same foundation as Rector of Postulants and pro- curator. Rev. Henry A. Wierman, O.S.A., prior and rector of St. Thomas' High School, Rockford, elected as definitor of the province, will be assistant pastor at St. Mary's Church, Rockford Replacing Father McGrath wll be Rev. William Fink, O.S.A., pas- tor of St. Claire of Montefalco Church, Chicago. Rev. Joseph A. Smith, O.S.A., prior of St. Clare's Church, Detroit, will becomoprior and head of St. Thomas' High School. Roy. Aloysltm Tleraey. Thomas' High School, and Rev. Augustine Lamond, O.S.A., also of the High School faculty, have bedn transferred to St. Rita's High School, Chicago. In replacement will be Rev. James P. Lyne, O.S.A., who will be added to the faculty of St. Thomas'. The Augustinian Order has had charge of the parish of St. Mary' and the St. Thomas' High School since 1931. The Order is repre- sented in various sections of the eastern part of the United States and in the mid-west as well as ia California. Their priests are oceu 2 pied chiefly with teaching in the schools assigned to them, and in serving as pastors or assistants in the parishes committed to theig care=