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Rockford, Illinois
December 29, 1961     The Observer
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December 29, 1961

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PAGE 2 THE OBSERVER FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1961 L,I Funeral Held in Prison Chapel NEW ORLEANS--For the first time in 13 years, a funeral service was conducted in the old hospital chapel at the Louisiana State pen- itentiary here. The Rev. William McCallion, prison chaplain, office- The services were for Louis Boudreaux, whose body was un- The choir of Catholic inmates sang. Along With St. Francis ROCK--A little girl, who accompanied her mother to s articles shop, stood gazing at a big bearded statue of St. of Assist, his arms outstretched in a blessing. The young- turned to her mother and said, "Look, mommy, sing with Mitch." 4, Francis To Remain in Goa LISBON -- A government spokesman has said Portugal will leave the body of St. Francis Xavier in its shrine in Gas, Portugcse enclave forcibly absorbed by India. "St. Francis Xavier is in India and will remain there with Portu- gal until the end," Minister of State Jose Correia de Oliveira said. Portugese crowded churches throughout the country to pray for Goa and the Portugese troops and civilians there. Lisbon Cathedral was filled with men, women and children praying before the Blessed Sacrament and before the relic of St. Francis Xavier. GIs Aid Korean Orphanage SEOUL -- Spanish-speaking GIs stationed in the Seoul area high- lighted their year-round aid project for a poverty-stricken Catholic parish here with a Christmas party for children of the local orphan- age. The party was put on by members of the recently organized Seoul chapter of the International Latin American club. They worked hand-in-hand with the five Salesian sisters who staff the St. John Basra orphanage to make Christmas day a special event there. The Latin American group has enlisted the support of the San Juan daily, E1 Imparcial, in a drive to have Puerto Reran families send new or used clothing for the people of St. John Basra parish. Party Asks Bishop'sRemoval ACCRA, Ghana -- A provincial governor mounted the steps of the Catholic cathedral in Kumasi to charge that the Catholic Church is spreading propaganda against the government of President Kwame Nkrumah. R. O. Amoako-Atta, Commissioner for the Ashanti Region, de- nounced the Church several days after the Ashanti branch of the ruling Convention People's party demanded the removal of Bishop Andrew van den Bronk, S.M.A of Kumasi. The Church campaign, according to Amoako-Atta, began at the time of President Nkrumah's tour of the Communist world. "The obvious intention behind this vicious campaign," he said, "was to in- xcite the masses against the state, a situation no government will ~lerate." Cardinal Plays 'Santa Claus' CttICAGO -- A hundred boys were taken downtown and given new outfit of clothes as a Christmas present. They got a bigger kick from being out of school for a day. The boys were selected from 41 parishes of the Chicago archdio- cese. Their "Santa Claus" was Albert Cardinal Meyer, Archbishop of Chicago. Continuing a practice of 29 years, the Cardinal bought each of the boys a complete outfit, from shoes and socks to hats and gloves. He then entertained them at a luncheon which included a talk with Minnie Minoso, the ex-White Sox baseball star. Cardinal Meyer said the boys are chosen mostly from large fam- ilies where the expense of clothing is a big problem. Reds Bar Catholic Tin Miners LA PAZ, Bolivia -- Catholic tin miners here who fought the Com- munists earlier this year are now threatened with loss of their jobs. The Reds are proclaiming that when the mine labor contracts come up for renewal in January, the Catholic workers who opposed them will be barred from employment. When a June revolt collapsed, leftist leaders of the tin miners called a strike and demanded that the station Church-operated sup- port it. When the station refused this support, Communists bombed and stoned it. If carried out, the campaign to bar non-Communist miners would violate a constitutional article that guarantees the right to work to all Bolivians. Priest Builds 'Christian City' BOGOTA, Columbia -- A model "Christian city" in which new brick homes cost $1,430, payable at $15 a month, is being built here by a priest who calls himself a "social adventurer." The 'project is the brainchild of the Rev. Rafael Garcia Herreros, who promotes it on his radio program, "God's Minute." He also raised a large fund for it at a "Milloinaire's banquet" that recruited support on TV, by phone calls and by mail. Father Garcia's city already has 200 homes, and there is room for LS00 more, on a site donated by a large landowner. The residents serve as their own volunteer police force. There is a cooperative grocery, bakery, carpenter's shop, library, clinic and factory, as well as grade and high schools. Brazil Gets Contemplative Order CURITIBA, Brazil -:-; Brazil, which has more Catholics than any other nation in the world, will soon have its first community of con- templative men religious. Annunciation priory will be established about 12 reties from here and will be staffed by four Benedictine priests of the Cassinese con- gregation of the Primitive Observance from Our Lady of T0urnay monastery near Lourdes in France "Our desire is to pray for the needs of the Church in Brazii and in Latin America," the Rev.: Philippe Leddet, O.S.B prior of the new community said, "and to spread the ideal of contemplative prayer among the laity as the best seed for priestly and religious vocations. We wish to invite to prayer in silence and solitude the elite of the lay apostolate, and for this purpose we shall have a retreat house," he added. ( Priest Dies Ministering to: Flock SAIGON, Viet Nam -- The Rev. Theophlle Bonnet had been sta- tioned in.Kon Kola, near the Laotian border, for the past-14 months. The Yiet Cong, Communist guerrilla fighters, warned him that if he Hailed any of the surrounding villages they would kill him. "l.he people of a nearby village had recently been baptized and "e ~i further spiritual assistance. Thus, despite the Communisl ~.'r4. ~o Father Bonnet set off for the village. "hen he reached the village, he offered Mass and preached to the ~.+ a~er. During Mass the people closely surrounded the altar to ~'~lelu him. ,~n, taking out his rosary, he said goodbye and began the trek (s+Tle, 5bout half an hour later the villagers heard machinegun fire When they :'~ched the scene, they found the priest already dead, still holdij~g his rosary, 4, FIFTY-FOUR AMERICANS ORDAINED IN ROME--Fifty-four young American priests kneel dur- ing ceremonies in which they were ordained at St. Peter basilica, Rome. Members of the 1961 class of the North American Pontifical college, they were the first graduates in the 102-year history of the seminary to be ordained in St. Peter. Among the ordinandi was the Rev. Thomas G. Doran, (front row, extreme right), from St. James pro-cathedral parish in Rockford. Archbishop Martin J. O'Connor, rector of the college, was the ordaining Bishop. (Continued From Page 1) and Canadian Catholic newspapers and maga- zines hits a record 28,867,744 high, the new Catholic Press association directory reported. A survey estimated a record 5,648,000 students will be enrolled in U.S. Catholic schools in the 1961-62 term. Other August headlines: Peter Claver Group Urges Faster Pace Against Discrimination Free West Germans Pray for Brothers Strand- ed By Reds In Berlin Border Closing . . . Burma Makes "Buddhism State Religions; Premier Pledges No Anti-Christian Bias. September Castro's Red regime expelled Auxiliary Bishop Eduardo Boza Masvidal of Havana and 135 priests and brothers from Cuba aboard a Spain-bound ship. Guinea's Red regime seized all Catholic schools after expelling Archbishop Gerard de Milleville, C.S.Sp who protested the seiz- uI'e, Oklahoma's attorney general ruled Catholic school pupils may not lunch in public school cafeterias. Other September headlines: Educational Television Seen Potential Boon To Catholic Schools Many Obstacles In Way Of Chris- tian Unity Despite Favorable Non-Catholic Re- action To Council, Cardinal Ben States. October A survey estimated the world Catholic popu- lation at 550,356,000, or 18.3 per cent of the world's total. U.S. post office reported "sig- nificant increases" in anti-obscenity law ar- rests, convictions. An Oklahoma judge enjoined the Midwest bus rides to parochial school pupils Other October headlines: Good Thief Sunday Observed In 400 U.S. Prisons . . . 4,000 Third Order Franciscans Join New York Rally For Interracial Understanding . . . Lifting Of Ban On Perversion In U. S. Movies Hit As One Of Most Dangerous Code Changes . . . Cuban Embassy Spreading Communist Party Line In Philippines November Pope John observed his 80th birthday and third coronation anniversaries. The U.S. Bishops in their 1961 statement on "Unchang- ing Duty in a Changing World" warned of a national moral decline and urged Americans to renew personal, social and international re- sponsibilities. Cardinal Cicognani, Papal Secretary of State, served as papal legate at the llth inter- American Congress of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine in Dallas, Tex attended by four other cardinals, some 150 archbishops and bishops. Other November headlines: CRS-NCWC Aids Hurricane Hattie Victims With Tons Of Relief Materials . . . Buddhist Burma Aids Church Schools By Paying Salaries Of Teachers, In- cluding Nuns . . . Council Should Make Unity Easier, Cardinal Bea Says; Protestants Pack Audience December Pope John's Aeterna Dee Sapientia encyclical invited all separated Christian bodies back to unity, particularly the Eastern schismatic churches R. Sargent Shriver, Peace Corps director, announced that the corps will make no con- tracts with church-related groups. Other December headlines: Ceylon Prelate Deplores Plan To Bar Religious Teachers; 40 Catholic Schools Survive Year After Seizure . . NCWCLegal Study Holds Aid From U.S. To Secular Aspects Of Church Related Schools Is Valid . . . U.N. Assembly Vote Excludes Red China. picnic for Latin Americans in Rockford. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis J. Conron, pas- tor of St. Mary parish in Maple Park, dies. July Observer publishes text of Pope John's en- cyclical, "Christianity and Social Progress" (Mater et Magistra). August Expansion program announced for Catholic high schools in Aurora to include two new high schools, one for boys, the other for girls. Fi- nancial grant will be made to the existing high schools. Goal of campaign: $1,800,000. Announce plans to erect new addition to Poor Clare's Corpus Christi monastery in Rockford. The new, 100-bed, $2Va million St. Joseph hospital in Belvedere opens officially. New school and convent at Holy Angels school parish in Aurora dedicated. September Report nearly 27,300 enrolled in diocesan schools. Bishop Lane visits Rome, and marks the 10th anniversary of his elevation to the episco- pacy. Has audience with Holy Father. The Very Rev. Raymond J. Wahl, chancel- lor of the diocese and director of education, named papal chamberlain. Diocesan Holy Name rally held in Rockford armory with the largest crowd ever assembled there. Bishop Sheen speaks on the "ChriStian Answer to Communism." October Mrs. Timothy Sullivan, DCCW president from Sterling, receives the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice award. Miss Judith Ann Keres, teacher at St. James school, Rockford, becomes the first papal volunteer from the diocese. She will work in Peru. Aquin high school, Freeport, is the scene of the diocesan DCCW biennial convention attend- ed by 600 women St. Elizabeth social center holds Golden Jubilee celebration. Annunciation parish, Aurora, announces plans to build a new grade school Pope John names the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane to membership on the commission for seminaries and studies in preparation for the coming ecumenical council. Mrs. William Ryan, Dundee, polio victim and mother of three, named woman of the year by the DCCW. Drive for $1,800,000 to build new high schools opens in Aurora. Our Lady of Good Counsel parish, Aurora, opens fund drive for new school. November Lay cornerstone for new $4% million St. Anthony hospital, Rockford. St. Ambrose, Erie, marks 25th anniversary of the dedication of its church building. December The Rev. Willis L. Bradley, pastor of St. Mary parish, Elgin, marks 25th anniversary of his ordination. Bishop Lane is called to Rome for meeting of commission for seminaries and studies in preparation for the coming ecumenical coun- cil. The Rev. Thomas G. Doran, Rockford resi- dent, is ordained in St. Peter Basilica in Rome. St. Stanislaus Kostka parish, Rockford, marks the opening of its new church with a Christmas Eve Mass. Sister Mary Ignatius Feeney, li- censed in 1875, was the first wom- an pharmacist in the state of Il- linois. MEMORIALS Since 1906 "Jurore'lO.~, q~ "gte/=edle~ Rock el k~ $1one Your /'tel a/am" AURORA-LOHMANN MONUMENT CO. 727 Sauth Uncaln, Aurara Phane TW 7~7270 BOCKMAN'S Aurora's Finest Jewelry Store 53 Main St. Aurora I'WO CONVENIEN1 LOCATIONS IN AURORA High and Liberty Streets Sa. Lincoln Ava and Clark St. ALL PHONES fW 6-7734 AMBULANCE SERVICE Free Parking Drive In Service Downer & River Sts. AURORA. ILL. FRIENDLY & COMPLETE Member o! F.D.I.C. SERVICE SINCE t871 I (EDITOR'S NOTE -- Follow- ing is the second of a five-part condensation of the study en- titled, "The Constitutionality of the Inclusion of Church-Related Schools in Federal Aid to Edu- cation." The document was pre- pared by the Legal Department of the National Catholic Welfare Conference.) (N.C.W.C. News Service) In 1960 there were enrolled in Catholic elementary schools 4,- 401,824 pupils. In the same year Catholic secondary schools had an enrollment of 885,406 students. It is estimated that in 1961 Catholic elementary schools are providing education to approxi- mately 4,500,000 children and Catholic secondary schools to ap- proximately 1,000,000 children. In 1960, Cathmlc elementary and secondary schools were edu- cating i2.6 per cent of the total school population, and for 1961 the ~er cent is believed to be slightly higher. In a number of states and the District of Columbia, Catholic schools are educating consider- ably higher percentages of the children in school. For example, the percentage for Rhode Island is 25.8 per cent; for Wisconsin 23.3 per cent, Pennsylvania 21.9 per cent ~tnd Massachusetts 21.9 per cent. Further Statistics In 19 states (and the District of Columbia), having a total school population of 21,868,683, i which represents 51.9 per cent of the total national school popula- tion, Catholic parochial schools are performing the public serv- ice of educating 18.6 per cent of all children in elementary and secondary schools Catholic elementary schools are conducted in all of the 50 states with a total, in 1960, of 10,662 schools. The number of such schools per state varies from eight in Alaska to 1,136 in the State of New York. In 1960, there were 152,948 'teachers staffing the Catholic sec- ondary and elementary schools,: the total being composed of 113,- 527 religious teachers and 39,421 lay teachers. The percentage of lay teachers is increasing rapidly in the schools, from 5.2 per cent of the total in 1946 to 25.8 per cent of the total in 1960. Here it should be noted that the religious aspect in church- related schooling is an addition to, and that it is not a subtrac- tion from, basic citizen-education requirements Addition to Education The pupil in the church-related school learns essentially the same arithmetic, spelling, English, his- tory, civics, foreign languages, geography, and science which it The record of Catholic schools generally with respect to Negro and other nonwhite children has been distinctly creditable. These schools have for the most part not been located according to de facto zoning which divides neigh- borhoods racially or economically. Thus the Catholic school has been an invaluable training ground to prepare citizens for full partici- pation in a pluralist society. Late for Argument From these schools have come men and women who have been faithful public servants, fruitful scientists, creative artists. Upon the coming of the wars in which the nation has been involved, the man of Catholic school training has never been classified as alien in loyalty or divisive in inclina- tion. related educational institu- into the opinions of the U.$. Duo teens for secular instruction preme Court almost a century la- ther in, ter in the 1878 case of Reynolds b. Long-term loans to church-v. United States. related educational institu- There the phrase was quoted teens for secular instruction from the well-known letter of therein. Thomas Jefferson to the Danbfiry c. Grants or loans of tuitions to Baptists. The court plainly used students, which may be used it in the same sense in which it in church-related education- was employed by Jefferson, name- al institutions, ly, to show that the No Establish- ment Clause deprived d. Tax benefits to parents as part of total reimbursement power to prescribe religious tires. for tuition expended by them That Jefferson did not consider in church-related (or other) the clause to erect a wall which educational institutions, would prevent all relationship be- It is the conclusion of the! tween government and religion is study that (1) the church-related plain from his report to the Presi- schools perform a public functior dent and Directors of the Liter- which, by its nature, is support- able by government; (2) that such support may be only in a degree l proportionate to the value of the The public welfare contribution +may constitutionally provide sup- of the Catholic schools must, how- ever, be seen in one further as- pect. In the school years 1957 and 1958 the average current expendi- ture per public school pupil in average daily attendance in the United States was $341.14. This means that the Catholics who support the 5.3 million stu- dents in the Catholic elementary and secondary schools in 1960 ab- sorbed what would otherwise have been an expense for all taxpayers in the order of magnitude of $1.8 billion. Even this figure gives a wholly inadequate picture of the esti- mated savings to the country by virtue of the existence of all pri- vate schools. The total current expenditures, capital outlay, and interest of all private educational institutions in 1958 was $4 billion. For the period 1950-59, the same expenditures of all private ele- mentary and secondary schools are estimated at $13.9 billion. Beyond Contradiction This in turn throws into bold re- lief another aspect of the public welfare contribution of the Cath- olic school system: the immense financial value accruinv, tc the na- tion. What appears beyond contra- diction, then, is the immense con- trabution to the public welfare made by church-related schools through their providing essential citizen education. This study is not a brief on be- half of the principle of Federal aid to education. But it would ap- )ear undeniable that if the Fed- eral government offers aid to pub- is required that the pupil in the lic education, aid should similarly public school learns. be offered to church-related edu- He learns rehgmn m additmn +. ns oi+ caimn. and the religious dimensio I The Problem secular knowledge. But let it be I The question presented in its again stresses: mls is in anal- ~broadest terms is whether the tion no~ in suocracuon, i ' The~ I Federal government may aid edu Cathohc school has always, ~catmn m church related schools stressed patriotism and other civic " ' - - virtues. It is an important force However, no proposal has been for social democracy in the nation. Historically, Catholic education proved a beneficient bridge by vhich immigrant passed to the ;talus of American Typically, the made that government undertake to pay the full cost of the educa- tion provided in a ehureh-related school. Such a proposal might in- volve constitutional problems not port in any of the aforementioned forms. Background The First Amendment provides that: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof . . . It is desirable to ascertain the historic meaning of that clause. It was not the product of an anti- religious revolution. The American Revolution was made by men of strong religious conviction. It is not conceivable that they would have written into their Constitu- tion a clause to sterilize all public institutions of religious content Virtually every document re- lating to the formation of the United States attests to this. For example, the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, July 6, 1775, abounds with such phrases as "the divine Author of our existence," "rever- ence for our great Creator." The Declaration of Independence ack- nowledged God as the source of all human rights and stated that it is to secure these God-given rights that governments exist. The prime purpose of the clause was to prohibit the Con. tress from creating a National Church or from giving any sect a preferred status. The clause contains, of course no such wording as "separation at Church and State" or "wall of separation of Church and State Used according to its historical in- tendment, "separation of Church and State" is a concept familiar to all from the time of the adop- tion of the First Amendment. The term "wall of separation of Church and State" finds its way REPUBLIC SPECIALISTS VALLEY HEATING Ask for Bill Perez 220 Sa. River TW 2-4090 Catholic school has been a meet-presented by proposals for limited ing place for children of different support of such education and ethnic and economie backgrounds, might moreover foreshadow total Although the schools are primarily Igovernmental control of such edu- for the education of Catholie ehil- cation. dren, non-Catholic children are ad- The forms of limited aid being mitted as a matter of universal chiefly+ discussed are: )olicy where there is room. a. Matching grants to church- acy Fund of the state-supported University of Virginia in 1822. Jefferson even went so far a~ to suggest that the various sects establish religious schools on the confines of the university: It would not have made sense in 1791 any more than it does to- day, to say that the No Establish- ment Clause prevents relation- ships--even cooperative relation- ships--between State and Church, It is instead clear that an essen- tial purpose of the clause was to prevent governmental transgres- sions upon religious liberty. No Exclusion Therefore, far from being a mechanical formula, prescribing automatically a void between re- ligion and the state, it was the original common understanding that the Establishment Clause ex- isted, in the main, for the protec- tion of religious liberty. Indeed, it was therefore proper- ly seen as a pro-religion clause and not as an anti-religion clause The clause was never intended to exclude religion from the democratic processes and the poli- tical forum, nor to prevent the sects from taking advantage of these in peaceful competition for lawful benefits. Certainly it was never under- stood to mean that religious in- stitutions which periorm publio services are disqualified to re- ceive compensation for through the governmental of the society which has benef:~+ed~ by the services. PLUMBING And HEATING 278BEACH STREET. AURORA PHONE rW 2-3944 J. P. FRANZEN Plumbing & Heating Remodeling --and-- New Construction eFree Estimates--Bank Financing Prompt. Courteous Service Phone TW 6-5156 James P. Franzen -John B. Welch AURORA ; SANZ CATERING SERVICE: II II James Coleman Weddings Club Socials Banquets Ill Coffee Catering Church Dinners Picnics BAKEKY & Kk~)/AUK~N I. III ,-I;. ELECTR ,o +, SHOPPING CENTER Phone fW 2-S,0O Aurara The Finest Bakery Goods Ill I"++c+ - II ~~-- Cakes for All Otcnsians ~therWihi;rP;:Js F ,R S S T O N S T ,R S S Open Da,ly Dishwashers I I ,+o ~ ,o+, ~ II u. Wire You, New Horn II1 ROBINSON'S AUTO SUPPLY CO. 1 935 Gnlena B vd Aurara I1 III Broadway and Clark Streets | I " I I =194 +ti~ Ave. iW l-tbl+ II Phan. TW 7-,1218 Aurara I ~~Phane.TW 2-4400 AURORA i Phone TW 7-8468 - TW 7-8404 -FOR YOUR -kHOLIDAY ~-REFREsHMENTS ROBERTS LIQUORS 1216 North Lake Street, Aurora Plenty af .Free Parking QUALITY AND SERVICE Coal : Coke : Wood : Paints Stokers : Oil and Gas Burners 52 N. Lincoln Aurora Phones TW 7-8200 ar I"W 7-5318 MILK DEPOT SAVE -- SELF SERVICE ,~ HARDWARE Ralnh E. Dunhy Insurance Agency Complete INSURANCE Service 43 Galena Blvd. Aurora. Illinois Johns-Manville Products Roofing Company Roofing, Siding Insulation and Water Proofing 219 Woadlawn Ave Aurora Phona !'W 6-6479 SHOP MIKE AND ALICE PLUM "Lovely Flowers For All Occasions" 781 Aurora Ave. at Forest Aurora I'%4/ 6-3500 ~-HOUSEwARES A Camplet, Store ,~ I,Gro< Meats I1~.~. - ~~! I Free. Deliveries *Frozen Foods * Dairy Product, II ~'mi; USEr" +;,;S I I Opon Fram g A M tO 6 P M * Natians ,ltl" Drugs II LAR~ by STUDEBAKER I I "a~ F, T,I,P.M. III ,0:s s Li.