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Rockford, Illinois
December 29, 1961     The Observer
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December 29, 1961

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i % The year 1961 has slipped off the calendar and taken its place in history. It will be re- membered best, perhaps, as the year when His Holiness Pope John XXIII issued his Mater et Magistra social encyclical, saluted worldwide by leaders in all walks of life as one of the great documents of all time. It was the year when the 1961 Official Catho- lic directory reported the U.S. Catholic popu- lation at 42,104,900, and the world's Catholic population at 550,356,000, or 18.3 per cent of the world's total population. It was the year, too, when the nation's first Catholic President, John F. Kennedy, was inaugurated; when Pope John erected three new dioceses in the U.S.--Baton Rouge, La San Angelo, Tex and St. Nicholas, Chicago; when Church persecution continued unabated behind the Iron and BambOo curtains; when the Church experienced difficulties in other ~nds, particularly Cuba, Guinea, and the Sudan and Uganda. Amelto Cardinal Cicognani, who was Apostolic Delegate to the U.S. for 25 years, was named Papal Secretary of State to suc- ceed Cardinal Tardini, who died in July. January John F. Kennedy was inaugurated the first Catholic" president of the U.S. The Bernard L. Hotze family of Leopold, Me with six of eight children in religious life, was named the National Catholic Family of the Year. U.S. Supreme court ruling in a Chicago case upheld the principle of prior censorship of movies. The Vermont Supreme court unani- mously ruled against use of public funds to pay tuition of students attending Catholic high schools in the state. Other January headlines: Church Braves Six Months Of Anarchy In Congo . . . Castro's Militiamen Occupy Churches, Schools; Arrest Priests, Religious, Laymen . . . Red Regime In Hungary Steps Up Its Religious Fredom Propaganda. February President Kennedy's proposal of federal aid to public elementary, sceondary schools only set off a controversy with Catholic leaders seeking long term, low interest U. S. loans for nonpublic schools. Other February headlines: Cardinal Cushing Asks End Of U.S. Aid To Red Poland, Yugo- slavia 62 Nations Represented Among 699 Men Preparing For Ecumenical Council . . , Catholic Community In Russia, Africa's New- est Free Nation, Among Fastest Growing In World Dominican Republic Bishops Reject Request To Have Trujuillo Named Benefactor Of Church . . . Korean Premier Rejects Birth Control As Answer To His Nation's Problems, March A survey showed 750,000 Eastern Rite Catho- lics in 500 parishes with 650 priests in the U.S. A Catholic hospital association survey, said an average of 100,000 patients a day are in U.S. hospitals. Other March events: James Carry Of AFL- ~I(~ Named For Catholic Trade Unionists' btedal . . . Cardinal-Primate Warns Of Dark Days Ahead For Church In Poland . . Legion of Mary Records Phenomenal Four-Year Growth In Chile. April U.S. Catholic population was recorded at 42,104,900, a year's gain of 1,233,548, by the 196t Official Catholic directory. The Holy See ordered the feast of St. Philomena stricken from the liturgical calendar, banned further devotions to her. Judge L. Fritz Gordon of Dade county, Fla circuit court ruled Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public schools do not violate the U.S. or Florida constitutions. Other April headlines: Alaska Sup~reme Court Rules Tax Paid School Bus Rides For Nonpublic Students Unconstitutional . . . Cath- olics Protest British Health Service's Distribu- tion Of Pills Which Prevent Births, May Pope John officiated at the canonization of Sister Bertilla Boscardin, member of the Sis- ters of St. Dorothy and World War I nurse who died of cancer in 1922 at age 34. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, Prince Philip, were received by Pope John at the Vatican. The U.S. Supreme court upheld the right of states to ban business activities on Sundays. Other May headlines: Castro Says He'll Na- tionalize Catholic Schools, Oust Foreign Priests . . . Atlanta's Censorship Law Held Unconstitutional; City Prevented From Ban- ning Film . . . Red Victory In Laos Imperils All Southeast Asia . U.S. Catholics Helped Resettle More Than 13,000 Refugees . . . Tru- jillo's Congress Gets Bill To Seize Catholic Churches, Schools In Dominican Republic. June First 22 U. S. Papal Vollunteers for Latin left Wichita, Kan for Brazil, Peru British Honduras. Generalissimo Rafael illo was assassinated in the Dominican Greek Rite Bishop Nicholas T. Elko disclosed 100 priests are working secret- ly behind the Iron Curtain. U.S. Supreme court ruled a state cannot re- quire belief in God as a condition to holding public office and refused to review constitu. tionality of Connecticut's 85-year-old laws against artificial birth control. Other J(t'e headlines: Church In Mexico Seeks To Better Lots Of Indian Population CPA President Protests To Paraguay Against Brutality To Catholic Editor . . . Missouri Su- preme Court Upholds Sale Of Land To St. Louis University . . . Cabinet Officer Warns Of Communist Menace In Canada. July Pope John issued his Mater et Magistra so- cial encyclical which drew worldwide praise from leaders in all walks of life. Mildred Gillars, 60, Axis Sally of World War II, a convert paroled after 12 years in prison, went to an Ohio convent to live and teach. Other July headlines: Reno Bishop Urges Cleanup Of Indecent Floor Shows In Nevada . Yugoslavia Church Freer Than In Other Red Countries But Tito Seized Nearly All Church Property . . . British Guiana Takes Over 51 Religious Primary Schools, Threatens Catholic High Schools. August Amleto Cardinal Cicognani was appointed Papal Secretary of State. Circulation of U.S. (Continued on Page 2) t (EDITOR'S NOTE--In parishes throughout the diocese and the nation Sunday, Catholic will ring out the old and ring in the new with prayers for the persecuted and oppressed peo- ple's of the world. While praying for their less fortunate brothers, many of these people will thank God for the successes and joys of the past 12 months and then request the graces to fulfill the hopes and plans of the immediate future. In keeping with the spirit of the occa- sion, we here review, in capsule form the events relating to the spiritual lives of those comprising the diocese of Rockford.) January God-Home-Country award given to Elizabeth O'Malley of Sterling and Michael Dolan of Durand. The Sisters at St. Elizabeth social center in Rockford move into new convent at 1413 S. Main St. Adult education center at Batavia opens with classes at Holy Cross junior high school. St. Bernadette parish conducts crusade for souls by calling on 3,900 homes within the parish boundaries. Mrs. Edward G. Sliney of Elgin starts four- year term as director on board of the National Council of Catholic Women. The Rev. Joseph J. Weitekamp celebrates 40th anniversary of his ordination to the priest- hood and his 20th year as pastor of St. Joseph church in Aurora. St. Joseph parish, Elgin, opens fund drive to raise $180,000 for the expansion of school facilities. February Dedicate new parish hall at St. Monica par- ish in Carpentersville. Dominican Sisters of Adrian, Mich an- nounce plans to build a four-year college at St. Charles. Diocesan newspaper begins annual subscrip- tion drive. St. Bernadette parish in Rockford announces plans to build a temporary church. Seventy Boy Scouts from 23 parishes in the diocese receive Ad Altare Dei awards. Bishop Lane requests prayers for vocations during March. St. Thomas the Apostle church, Crystal Lake, announces boundary changes. March Sf. Charles Borromeo parish, Hampshire, launches $100,000 fund raising campaign for addition to parish school. Diocesan mission report shows total receipts of $92,570.30. Observer school crusade winners named: Joyce Hoffman, Aurora; Mary Ann Scholz, Freeport; Carlotta Holdre, Aurora; Maxine Dougherty, Freeport; and Christopher Striegel, Sandwich. St. Mary of McHenry wins 15th annual dioc- esan basketball Tournament of Champions. Dedicate new addition to Aquin Central Catholic high school in Freeport. Marian awards given to 105 members of the Girl Scouts and Junior Catholic Daughters of America The Rev. Daniel l], Daley, chapk:in at Mercyville sanitarium in Aurora, dies. Catholic Charities reports 1,286 cases handled. Mrs. Ambrose Hermes of Rock Falls ap- pointed national chairman of the committee on rural life for the National Council of Catholic Women. April Dedicate new $210,000 addition to St. Law- rence school, Elgin. Bless new $410,000 addition to St. Joseph minor seminary at St. Charles. Hold second diocesan day of Christian rural living at Newman high school in Sterling. Bishop Lane lays cornerstone for new $400,- 000 combined church and rectory at St. Stanis- laus Kostka parish, Rockford. Dedicate church-school combination at St. Thomas More parish in Elgin. May Catholic Charities begins annual salvage drive. Officials announce that more than 1,200 con- verts are expected to receive confirmation throughout the diocese. Announce diocesan summer school remedial program. Dedicate new elementary school at Holy Cross parish in Batavia. Parish churches throughout diocese hold no- vena honoring Holy Spirit. Over 10,000 attend open house at Boylan Catholic high school in Rockford. Dedicate new parish buildings at St. Rita of Casein parish in Aurora. Award Confraternity of Christian Doctrine diplomas to 88 lay teachers in Rockford. Bishop Lane ordains six priests for the dio- cese in WREX-televised ceremonies at St. James pro-cathedral, Rockford. Ordinandi were: the Rays. Thomas F. Caughlin, Thomas J. Dempsey~ Harold J. Heineman, James M. O'Brien, William P. Staff and Lawrence M, Urbaniak. June The Most Rev. Egidio Vagnozzi, apostolic delegate to the United States, ,visits Mr. St. Mary academy at St. Charles for graduation ceremonies. Bishop Lane receives honorary doctor of laws degree from St. Ambrose college at Da- venport, Ia. Dedicate new parish buildings, school, church and rectory, at St. Ann parish, Dixon. The Rev. Thomas E. Brady appointed su- perintendent at Marian Central high school in Woodstock. Marian McReynolds, Observer correspond- ent in Mrica, receives a Ford foundation scholarship to study at Boston university, un- der the foundation's foreign area training program. Over 100 couples attend diocesan CFM con- vention held at Sterling. The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Magnus A. Schumacher, pastor of St. Nicholas parish in Aurora cele- brates the 50th anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood. St. Nicholas parish in Aurora celebrates jubilee centennial of the founding of the par- ish. Sisters of Mercy celebrate Golden Jubilee of their arrival in Aurora at St. Joseph Mercy hospital. Five hundred people attend annual Bishop's (Continued on Page 2) Diocesan Cage Tourney March 4 See Page g Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol. XXVI--No. 25 FRIDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1961 10 all eslan @ I ,i I UTRECHT, The Netherlands I President Achmed Sukarno, ask- (NC)--The Dutch Bishops have ing them to settle their differences called for a peaceful solution to by "frank and open discussion." the conflict between the Nether- lands and Indonesia over western New Guinea which threatens to lead to war. The Bishops sent identical messages to Dutch Premier Jan de Quay, a member of the Catho- lic People's party, and Indonesian Monday, January 1st, New Year's Day, is the feast of the Octave of Christmas and a Holy Day of Obligation. All Catholics are required to at- tend Mass. Bishop Beran Will Not Sign Red Pie& VIENNA (NC) -- Archbishop Josef Beran of Prague, under ar- rest since 1949, could return to his See if he pledges loyalty to Czechoslovakia's Red government, a Czechoslovak cabinet minister said here. But Minister of Health Josef Total Mobilization The messages were sent the same day that President Sukarno ordered a total mobilization of the Indonesian people to "liberate" western New Guinea from Dutch rule and a reported 500,000 In- donesian troops were awaiting orders to go into action. The area under dispute is the western half of New Guinea, the world's second largest island located in the southern Pacific. About the size of California, west- ern New Guinea is a partly unex- plored land of vast swamps and high mountains. It is inhabited by some 700,000 people living mainly in primitive conditions, some of them at a stoneage level. They are divided among hundreds of small tribes, each with its own language. Disputed Territory Western New Guinea--called West Man by the Indonesians-- was once a part of the Dutch East Indies. Following World War II all parts of the Indies except western New Guinea won in- dependence from the Dutch and took the name of Indonesia. The Indonesian government has claimed western New Guinea as the "rightful heir" to all pa~ts of the former Dutch East Indies. The Netherlands has refused to accept the claim. On Aug. 17, 1960, Indonesia broke off diplo- matic relations with the Dutch over the issue. Seek Self Determination Since then the Netherlands has', Plojhar, an excommunicated priest who also heads Czechoslo- vakia's progovernment organiza- tion of "peace priests," added that the 72-year-old prelate con- tinues to refuse to make such a pledge, sought to give 'self-determina- The Czechoslovak official told ltion, to the area. It withdrew its a press conference: application for United Nations "Dr. Beran lives in a villa in support for its effort on Nov. 28 Czechoslovakia. Sisters are doing following General Assembly re- his household work. He is not jection of two resolutions calling dead, as some Western reports foi" negotiations under U.N. have claimed If he signs a auspices/ loyalty pledge, I am sure he Earlier this year the Indonesian could immediately his Catholic party's national conven- post." Archbishop Beran -- who had been imprisoned by the nazis for three years --was placed under house arrest by Czechoslovakia's communist rulers in 1949. Two years later he was taken to a secret place of confinement. tion announced its support for, President Sukarno's policies, in: cluding his claim to western New Guinea. Indonesia, a nation of 86 million people, has about 1,300,000 Catholics. About 90 per cent of its people are Moslems. Many Indonesian Catholics played ma- jor roles in the nation's struggle for independence. In January of this year a national hierarchy was established in Indonesia by the Holy See es e tribute to the Church's recent growth and a means of fostering continued pro- gress. Text Of Message Following is the text of the Dutch Bishops' message to Pre- mier de Quay and President Su- karno: "The Bishops of the Nether- lands, attending the annual De- cember meeting of the Hierarchy at Utrecht, send an urgent ap- peal to the governments of the Netherlands and Indonesia to strive with all willingness for a )eaceful solution of the New Gui- nea or West Irian dispute by means of a fi'ank and 9pen discus- sion between all parties concern- ed. "The Bishops trust that this mu- tual willingness can be the basis for future good relations between the peoples concerned: They think that it is not the task of the Church to suggest a definite solu- tion, but they pray God that He with His wisdom may help the leaders of peoples concerned to find the right path toward a per- manent peaceful solution." NAMED EDITOR--Floyd Ander- son, editor of the Advocate, of- ficial newspaper of the Arch- diocese of Newark and the Dio- cese of Paterson, N.J has been named managing editor of the Register newspaper chain. He will assume his new post in Den- ver on January 15. rer~tly vice Cakholic k~r ROCKFORD -- Catholics throughout the diocese and the nation Sunday, Decem- ber 31st, are asked to ob- serve a Day of Prayer for the Persecuted and Op- pressed People of the World. The observance was scheduled following a rec- ommendation by the ad- ministrative board of the National Catholic Welfare Conference at its annual meeting in Washington in November. SUBBING FOR ST. NICHOLAS--Playing the familiar role of St. Nicholas, Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi, apostolic delegate in the United States, visits with children at St. Ann infant home, Wash- ington, during their annual Christmas party. The home, operated by the Sisters of Charity, was also visited by Archbishop Patrick A. O'Boyle of Washington, who played host to the thousands of invited guests. @ By JAMES C. O'NEILL iFelice, general secretary of the T VATICAN CITY, (NC)- His.council's Central Preparatory Holiness Pope John XXIII de-ICommission, who received it from clared in convoking the Second i the hands of the Pope. . . The Pope's bull, entitled Hu-consohdatmn of its agencies." manae Salutis, announcing the To Benefit All Christians council's convocation for 1962 left the actual opening date unspeci- fied. The 2,500-word document in La- tin was read Christmas Day on the wintry porch of St. Peter's basilica by Archbishop Pericle Apostolic Nuncio to Peru LIMA, Peru (NC) -- Racial dis- crimination has probably done as much harm to the Catholic Church as all. the other heresies put to- gether, according to the Apostolic Nuncio to Peru. Archbishop Romolo Carhoni ad- dressed a gathering of American, Irish, English and Peruvian priests presided over by Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston. "Evil people try to weaken and even destroy the Church through different kinds of persecution," he said. "In some countries they have tried to wreak havoc insidi- ously by deliberately refusing to )remote the local or native clergy, motivated by racism or national- lsm, "Such racial prejudice has done, perhaps, no less harm to the Mystical Body of Christ than all the other heresies put together." The Nuncio spoke at a reception in honor of Cardinal Cushing and Bishop Cornelius Lucey of Cork, Ireland, who came here for the funeral of the Rev. Thomas Dug- gan. Father Duggan, 71-year-old Irish pastor, died Dec. 17, only six weeks after arriving in Peru as a missioner and a member of Cardinal Cushing's MissiOnary So- fusion and anxiety besetting to- day's world with the vitality of the Catholic Church. He characterized today's world as one "which exalts itself with its conquests in the technical and scientific fields but which brings also the consequences of a temp- oral order which some have ]elusive seeking after pleasure, and has given rise to a "com- pletely new and disconcerting fact: the existence of a militant atheism which is active on a world level. "Thus, although the Church may appear profoundly changed, the Christian community is also in great part transformed and re- newed," he added. "It has there- fore strengthened itself socially i in unity, it has been reinvigorat- ed intellectually, it has been purl- :fled interiorly and is thus ready for trials. Time Ripe for Council "We considered that" now the times were right to offer to the Catholic Church and to the world l the gift of an ecumenical coun- cil. Pope Jolm indicated that the In the diocese of Rock. ford, the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane has directed Cath- olics to say the following prayer, approved by the Bishops of the United States, at all the Masses as well as at any other reli- gious observances held on that day. Lord Jesus Christ, Who cimse to become an exile from Your Heav[ enly Rome that we, the exiledL. children of Eve, might not be ban- ished forever from Your Father's Face; You Who as an infant in Your Mother's arms, fled int0 a strange: land to escape the tyrant who sought Your life, we beg You to look with eompassian upon the multitudes of men, women and. children in our own day who have been forced by other tyrants as cruel as Herod to seek refuge far from their homelands. You Who were rejected by those You had come to save, Who knew poverty and privation throughout Your life on earth, Who suffered monstrous injustice at the hands of Your enemies, Who endured the abandonment and desolation of Your last hours on the Cross, we beseech You to open Your Wound- ed Heart and receive therein the millions of Your own followers and friends whose faith in You has brought upon them the evils of oppression and ill-treatment in many forms and degrees. Yon, Our Lord and Sa~,iour, Who died to give us the glorious free- dom of the sons of God, eom~Qrt with divine hope all those who are now deprived of their human rights, their liberty and security, i their homes and families, above all the opportunity to enjoy freely and ~without fear the supreme blessings of their holy faith, Inspire in us who have never suffered these great misfortunes an ever-increasing spirit of char- ity toward our persecuted breth- ren throughout the world, so that, out of o~lr own sph'itual resources, our heritage of religious and poll. tical freedom, our material sub-~'~ stance, ~e may do more and more to brighten their night of exile, to lighten their burdens, to strength. en them in patient hope until the day when, God willing and help- ing, they also may know again the joy of the Peace that You brought to .this world Abb Ondrak's Funeral Held At St. Procopius LISLE, %11. -- Final rites for Abbot Ambrose L. Ondrak, O.S.B 79, fourth head of St, Procopius Benedictine abbey here, were held in the abbey chapel, followed by burial in the abbey cemetery. Abbot Ondrak died Dec. 23. A native of Chicago, Abbot Ondrak joined the Benedictines in 1913 and was ordained i,1 1918. He was elected abbot cf the St. Procopius community, whL;h now numbers 142 members, i:, ~,946. His administration was Jcdicated to the apostolate of Cb,k ',~sr uni- ty and in 1954 tb~ L~,q, ee granted the abbey c~,rom,:c!ty the privileges of birit,~,b.~',= - rain istering in both the L: :,' and th, Eastern Rites of .~t:e ~kurch. / !