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December 1, 1961     The Observer
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December 1, 1961
 

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FRIDAY, DECEMBER l, 1961 THE OBSERVER WASHINGTON BACKGROUND By NORMA KRAUSE HERZFELD At the 34th annual conference of the Catholic Association for Inter- national Peace which met here to discuss foreign policy and ethics, Dr. Ernest Lefever of the Institute for Defense Analysis talked about some of the ingredients which must go into policymaking and the ap- plication of morality to international affairs today. "TO ANALYZE HELPFULLY THE PROBLEMS of national secur- Ry in a nuclear age," he said, "oDe must understand the limits and possibilities of nuclear weapons system; the rela- tive nuclear capabilities of the two chief ad- versaries; and the probable military, political, psychological, and biological consequences of nuclear weapons under a variety of potential uses. One should be aware of the likelihood of different kinds of nuclear and conventional war. "All these possible military contingencies must be seen in their basic political context. One must also understand the military and political de- velopments which tend to strengthen stability and to deter nuclear war." A GOOD DEAL OF INFORMATION IS NOW availabl.e to aid both policymakers and moralists, said Dr. Lefever. If these people need so much information, the public, which also must make some decisions in a democracy, needs at least a small portion of this kind of in- formation, and it is 1"ather doubtful that they are getting even this from the pi'ess, radio and television. But beyond the failure of the mass media to give information in vital need-to-know areas, is a significant failure of the public to be SHARING OUR TREASURE m Un Hums " Identify concerned with information and issues. A large group of Americans Catholic and Protestant. must bear some of the blame for fostering. ,v,ss,onary is unable to provide a personal framework in which to locate the in this affluent society, a smug middle-class morality. They have relative data as it is ground out in random fashion. This could be at- fostered a sense of values that puts the highest priority on snperfici- tributed in part to a failure of education. Another very large group alities and encourages the narrowest provincialism. (these are not mutually exclusive areas) is simply not interested in THEY" HAVE HELPED PRODUCE an American public which, as or concerned about the great issues and actions of the day. sociologist Samuel Stouffer found out several years ago in some basic THIS LEADS TO SITUATIONS LIKE THE ONE a year or so ago research, have a very limited view of the world and of their responsi- when a pollster found that a significantly large group of Americans bility for their neighbors. People interviewed in this. study were were not aware that Berlin lay 100 miles inside the Iron Curtain, a asked what they worried about. Forty-three per cent were worried rather crucial fact in light of decisions that have to be made. But above and beyond this incredible ignorance is an absence of value~ and an inability to make value judgments on the flood of information and trivia that flows from the mass communications media: Several months ago this observer spent some time in a large Mid- western city. The Berlin crisis was heating up. Russia had just re- sumed its nuclear testing. But the city was bemused over a front- page story criticizing the President's wife for not getting dressed up about family finances, wages, expenses, etc. Thirty per cent were worried about personal problems such as marriage difficulties, chil- dren's welfare, etc. Twenty-four per cent were worried about their own health or the health of someone in their families. These are things eminently worth worrying about, but does concern stop at the front door? Only eight per cent said they were worried about world problems, including war. Six per cent said they worried about other national and local problems. Nine per cent said they never worried about anything. HOW CAN AMERICANS TAKE PART in the political processes of a democracy, let alone in the highly complex areas of foreign policy, when she went to church at Hyannisport. SHE HAD NO RIGHT, SAID THE PAPER, to wear sandals and a scarf and sleeveless dress. People were very excited. She should ~wear a hat, said some. When you go to church you should show re- national security, world development, when they have so little con- specS for God's house by getting all dressed up, they said. This be- cern about them? came a running battle. Every Monday there was a picture of Mrs. Kennedy in her kerchief. Somebody said she looked like a refugee, and everybody was very upset. Now here was a Teal issue. But the newspaper alone was not at fault Among the many forces which produce these attitudes, it seems that the churches, both REV. JOItN A. O'BRIEN, PH.D. painted murals of the life of Christ the first time. I was impressed (University Of Notre Dame) in the Sunday school rooms. I with the reverence and devotion of God seldom sends the grace of Impressed By Unity I the worshipers. My interest in the conversion through a vacuum. He "While in the seventh grade I ]Catholic religion deepened and I channels it usually through men became interested in the Catholic . . ~reau r atner ~mltn instructs and women who act as His ambas- [Ja~u nat orougn~ out VlVlU- religion and read extensively ^~ gadors in spreading the Faith. To annuL it as well as other religions, l" the devine foundation of the ,Y all His followers Jesus addressesincluding non-Chrlstlan ones. I [Catholic Church and the continuity the words first spoken to the was impressed with the marvelous [ of the nones from St Peter to the Apostles: "You shall be witnesses unity of the Catholic Church which ]"resent t~ontiff for me in Jeru- v v has spanned 19 centuries and has F 'it was clear to me mat tmrist salem and in all l memoers m every tuna they De- Judea, in Samar- " lis the fulfillment or the prophecies neve me same uoctrmes engage f ia and even Sol ' . /o the Old Testament and that the in me same worship, especlany . . the vepy ends of l "" "" nd ae'now'ed the ~Catholic Church is the institution sue J.viass, aK l ge . the earth" (Acts! which He established to transmit same supreme splrt[ual neau. His teachings to all nations Sure 1:8). You can i 'In contrast are the radical dif- " " ' . - witness for Christ by others of your wonderful reli- gion and the hap- piness it brings you, by giving them Catholic literature and bring- ing them to Mass. This is illustrated in the con- version of Marc K. West, a high school student in Miami, Florida. "I was reared a Baptist in Green- rill,South Carolina," related Marc, "and attended Sunday l Q Echool virtually every week. I ferences of belief among the hun- dreds of non-Catholic denomina- tions, with members of the same sect frequently differing among I themselves. Surely this is a far cry from the teaching of Jesus who insisted upon unity of faith among His followers, saying: 'There shall be one fold and one shepherd' (John 10:16). Attends Mass "My first real contact with Catholics Came when I entered St. Francis hospital for an appendec- tomy. Here I attended Mass for ly Christ would see to it that His Church would not mislead people by teaching falsehood. For that reason He conferred upon Peter the power not only of ruling the Church but also of safeguarding her from falsehood. Sure of Confession "I was also greatly impressed with the Biblical basis for the Church's teaching regarding con- fession. I couldn't see how any- one who claimed to get his re- ligion from the Bible only could escape the clear meaning of I]' II ' Patronize Our Advertisers Sporting Goods Paint and Hardware 128 East Stephenson--Freeport Painting Paper Hanging Dry-Wall Taping and Finishing RESIDENTIAL - COMMERCIAL Phone: ADams 3-1916 841 S. Liberty - Freeport 4 MONUMENTS FOR MEMORY FLACHTEMEIER Monument Works E. H. Brown--W. H. Brown, Owners 807 S. Adams ADams 2-2312 FREEPORTILLINOIS Christ's words to His first priests: 'Receive the Holy Spirit; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are re- tained' (John 20:23). Why would Christ solemnly confer this power upon His priests if He did not intend it to be the ordinary means of obtaining forgiveness? "I called at Corpus Christi rec- tory, where Father Joseph O'Shea gave me a complete course of in- struction. Though I was already convinced that the Catholic Church is the one true Church, that course deepened my conviction. The Church had a logical answer for all my questions. Upon the com- pletion of the instructions I was baptized and for the first time received our Eucharistic Lord in Holy Communion. Great indeed was my joy and gratitude to God for His precious gift." (Father O'Brien will be glad to have converts send their names and address to him at Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Indiana, so he may write up their eonver- sion stories.) Bennett Hoofer FREEPORT, ILL. Ready Mix Roofing Cement Blocks Lightning Rods Fuel Eave Troughs Dial ADams 2-4141 Siding LOESCHER HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING 31i E. South St. FREEPORT Phone AD 2-3613 BHAMO, Burma--Father Mich- ael Hea!y, SSC, doesn't like to be stared et and was beginning to feel uncomfortable under the steady gaze of a native Kachin. The Columban missionary, dress- ed in travel fatigues, had stopped to rest at a wayside Shop on his way to an out-mission. Suddenly, the Kachin began to hum the strains of the Credo keeping time with his fingers on the fender of the jeep. It turned out that he was a Catholic from far up in the north Burma hills and used this novel approach to get the foreigner to speak if he was in fact a priest. "Famous For Fine Food" Steaks--Chicken--Sea Food Distinctive Atmosphere . . . Delightful Cuisine Air Conditioned Comfort Year 'Round Five Miles West of Freeport on Rt. 20 Reservations For Private Parties AD 3-1107 9 the beer refreshing Ask For BIG "D" Drewrys Distributed Throughout Sfephenson County By- FRANK LASSANDRO 22-24 East Spring StreetAD 2-4036 Freeport, Illinois "Our Home, Your Home in Time West Galena and North Walnut Avenue FREEPORT ILLINOIS GENE BURKE ADams 2-0613 ORRIE TUBBS SUPER KEMTONE RUBBER WALL PAINT and KEM GLO ENAMEL THOUSANDS OF COLORS NEWBERRY WALLPAPER AND PAINT CO. AND SPRINGER U.S. Choice Meats--Home Made Sausage 116 So. Chicago Ave. Ph. ADams 2-8712 . . . Freeport, Illinois Home of Freeport's First 3-Minute Car Wash No wonder, for instance, there has never been a "lobby" for foreizn a d. No wonder American public opinion is hostile to it. For years now religious leaders in America have endorsed foreign aid, but they have never been able to bring their people along with this endorse- ment. COULD IT BE IN SOME MEASURE because the churches have never disturbed the middleclass morality of many Americans who be- lieve that among the most important things i are wearing hats and !white shirts and suit coats to church, where respectability is foremost, where "refugee" is an easy term of scorn for those who do not con- form? This has far-reaching implications for Christians who are sup- TOKYO, Japan--Father Vincent Youngkamp, SSC, of Sedalia, Mo was anxious to try out his newly- acquired facility in the Japanese language after his year of study. He sallied forth enthusiastically to purchase some razor blades. "Razoor bradu?" queried the shop-keeper. "Sorry, Spiritual Fether, not here. Next shop, may- be." At the next shop--Success! The posed to bring their message of the Gospel to the hungry and the poor merchant understo&l perfectly. all over the world. "Certainly, we have razoor bra- Just as basic as a need to know is a need to care. Both of these needs du," said the gentleman, offering make a large "underdeveloped area" in American life. the Cohmban missionary a loaf (Copyright 1961, The Catholic Reporter) of raisin bread! af Chrisfrnas 4-' Ime, foo, you can bank on the Illinois Nafional in more ways f/qan one! Seat Covers Polishing U. S. 20 Corner S. Galena Everyone who ever believed in Santa Claus will Want to send Freeport and S. Chicago The wonders of Santa Claus never cease for girls and boys and long after the tinsel, the bells and the twinkling lights have been safely packed away for yet another year they will cherish the memory of the letter from Santa Claus. one of these four colorful messages to their favorite child. JIM MYERS SHELL STATION " Select, address, stamp and mail it in our special mail box. We will have it postmarked from Santa Claus, Indiana WE GIVE S&H GREEN STAMPS -. m~m, ] and it will be delivered direct to the child :: k w th our sincerest compliments. 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GREEN Diocesan Director Society For The Propagation Of The Faith Modern therapy has completely changed the prospect of leprosy, making this disease but one amongst many others whose victims need encouragement in seeking early treat- ment. A victim cured of leprosy shows the re- sults of years of research, study, patience, and cooperation on the part of scientists, doc- tors, nurses, religious and lay workers and hopeful victims of the dread disease. A child of a leprous mother will not be born with the disease, but it may contract it if not separated from the mother shortly after birth. Taking care of lepers is one thing help- ing their children is something else. Any work of the Church anywhere in the world must concern itself with the total picture, and the family is the basis of the total picture of humanity. Fine Investment If a former victim could speak out to us, his story would fascinate and touch us deep- ly, no doubt. But it would seem hardly dif- ficult to improvise his sentiments of gratitude, especially for the volunteer religious and lay workers who came to him as the instruments of God's Mercy and Providence. His words of appreciation would surely include all those in the United States, who reach out hands of charity to lepers across the world. This is a truly marvelous work, a truly heroic work, and a fine investment for our PERSONAL CHARITY. The Church must face the total challenge! It is not enough simply to effect cures, and to devise new remedies. The Mission Church must look to the return of the afflicted to his proper station in the family and society, for the Church is primarily and unreservedly dealing with souls. Lesson To Learn We need the lepers to remind us of our own ingratitude and forgetfulness in the face of God's goodness. To those whom much has been given, much is to be expected. From the lepers we can learn a lesson THE LESSON OF CHARITY! In order for the missionaries to keep this leper service reaching out to several million lepers who are without care; to promote further leprosy research; to effect more wide- spread cures; more of everything is required more workers, more supplies, more fi- nancial assistance. COUNT YOUR BLESSINGS AND THEN MAKE YOUR SACRIFICE . . A REAL SACRIFICE I g ' The Society for the Propagation of the Faith | 507 Avenue B i Sterling, Illinois i | . i : Dear Monsignor Green: -' ' | ,Enclosed please fred my sacrffme for the medi- | cal care of the Lepers. s ii S I | Name | : i | Address | | i : city State | ,l s I ~ Amount $ ,' | i g