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The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
November 24, 1961     The Observer
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November 24, 1961

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T FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1961 THE OBSERVER PAGE 7 the Rural Life, CROSSROADS COMMENTS THE REV. CLEMENT P. PETIT Diocese of Rockford Rural Life Director St. Charles Borromeo Parish Hampshire, III. Preparod in mope tion with the Natiomd Cathdle Rmmd Life C,m erem 3801 Grand Avenue, Des Moines 12; SPEAKING OF By Rev. John Geo. Weber Fear can paraiyze or spur to action; be salutary or harmful eompel or repel; be rational or irrational. On the first pages of the Bible we find fear. This pas- sion of the human hearts will die only with the last heartbeat. Russia's 50-megaton explosion was calculated to achieve its maximum "fall out" long before the radioactive iodine 131 or strotium 90 settles on helpless, fearful humanity. They justify this action on the basis of fear- losing out to the'U.S.A. Salutary Fear Salutary fear can aid in pro- tecting our lives but fall out shelt- ers with guns to drive off neigh- bors are typical examples of ir- rational fear. Food contamination fear according to experts may well affect consumption and mar- kets next spring when the fall out from Soviet testing will be heavi- est over the U.S. Apprehensive minds are eagerly awaiting the re- sults of researchers on the move- ment of isotypes, decontamina- tion of the soil, removal of radio- activity from milk, etc. Fearful times indeed! And why? "Men, and consequently states, fear one another," says Pope John inMater et Magistra. He observes with profound sadness one of the contradictions of our epoch: On the one hand material scarcity; on the other hand technical in- ventions and economic resources being used to fashion terrible in- struments of ruin and death. Mutual Trust. The solution lies in mutual trust among men, among nations. "We cannot have mutual trust without recognition and respect for a just moral order from both sides," states Pope John. He continues, "The moral order cannot be built Fr. Boland On NCRLC Board BRAINERD, Minn. -- The Rev. William Boland, pastor of St. Pat- rick parish, Dixon, was elected to serve a three-year term on the board of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference at a "recen~ meeting here. During the six years Father Bo land was pastor at St. Mary, Mor- rison, he served as director of the Family Life bureau and Farm Page editor of The Observer. He has remained' active in diocesan rural life activities, which are un- der the direction of the Rev. Clement P. Petit, pastor of St. Charles Borromeo parish, Hamp- shire. Father Boland is a graduate of Aquin high school, Freeport. He in Dixon. JdVSdWLATE NO/4/'.B When you buy building supplies our Cash & Carry way -- you get them. Kennedy Given Laetare Medal at ceremonies in 1 " Economy .33, c ft.House. 2" Semi-Thick 43Ac ft. 3" Full Thick - 5 c ft. Loose Rock Wool per bag 98c OOOO0 $180.00perM SELECT KNOTTY CEDAR OO OO $125.00 PerM GREEN J .ALUMINUM STAMPS COMBINATION DOORS $28.95 KNOTTY PINE WASHINGTON, (NC) -- Presi- dent Kennedy was ewarded the 79th Laetare Medal awarded by :the University of Notre Dame the White The presentation was made by Father Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C university president. The modal has been awarded annually to an outstanding U.S. Catholic layman since 1883. The President was selected for the award last March 12. The citation saluted President Kennedy as "a symbol of the: new energy, vision arid dedicated service of youth to public affairs" tempered in a global war and "dedicated today in the highest sense to a new order of peace with justice." The presence of God in the soul is not recognized by the lowered head or eyes rolled heavenward, but by words of jus- tice and charity and straightfor- ward deeds. A. G. Sertillanges, O.P. 1835 Broadway W 8-0521 1841 15th Ave. Open All Day Saturday and Sunday Morning In farming, management plays a key role in putting resources together in a profitable combina- tion. And More / SIZES 3-7 8-12 26-36 Cottons $2.98 up$3.98 up$4.98 up Corduroy $2.98 up $4.98 up$5.9B up Dress $3.98 up $4.50 up$7.98 up Lower Level BOY SHOP ROCKFORD i19 North Main St. is diffiqult. W 2-0661 For Prompt Delivery in Rockford Insured Budget Plan 24 Hour Emergency Service ICE SKATING Skates for Every Member of the Family COMPLETE SELECTION Famous C.C.M. and Bauer Skates Enjoy Skating with the Proper Fit Boys' & Girls' Figure Models, sizes 11-3, $9.95 Ladies' Models, 4-10, $11.95 Men's Figure Skates, $13.95 Other C.C.M. Models to $45.00 ALL SKATING ACCESSORIES SWEATERS--CAPS--SOX by Bruce Wigwam 127 North Main Street ROCKFORD W 5-2468 help. During the past two monthsI over 250 jobs have been arranged in this manner. The jobs are in industry, services, trades and agriculture. The location of this employment office on San Antonio's West Side has had a wholesome effect on the Latins in that neighborhood. This gives them hope for better jobs and convinces them that the ChurCh is concerned about their practical problems. By Rev. Edward W. O'Rourke . While lecturing in Texas recent- ly, I visited the "home" of most of the Mexican-Americans who migrate to the North Central States to tend and harvest crops. Most of them consider the West Side of San Antonio their home base. Even those who winter in Brownsville, Corpus Christi, Lo- redo or Eagle Pass gather in San Antonio before beginning the trek northward. For many years I have been acquainted with Mexican-Amer- ican migrant workers. I was often puzzled by their attitudes toward religion, relatives, nationalism and morals. My recent visit at By DANA C. JENNINGS In going about the country ex- horting farmers to organize in order to price their own produc- tion I remindthem thatthey haveto haul their production to the market, unload it, and then, hat in hand say, "What'll you give me?" I point out that they do not load the stuff up and haul it home again even if the price is ruinous. I find, however, that I have been wrong on that one point. Bob Farley, a sheep raiser and lamb feeder from over around Bloomfield, Iowa, did just that. He called up his fevorite trucker and told him to come and get his lambs. The same day the operator of a sale barn came around and offered him $16 for his lambs. Farley said, "Well, that sounds like a pretty fair price," but he had already called the trucker and he didn't like to back out on his agreement. They got to market and un- loaded the lambs. Bob found out that they were paying him $14. He said, "Nothing doing! We'll just take those lambs back home again." They had the top deck loaded when finally the man says, "All right, I'll give you $16." If one farmer has this much bargaining power, think what 25 or 30 or 40% of the farmers could eccomplish if they'd all stick together and hold out for a price sufficient to cover their cost of production plus a profit. Try it! i their home base has clarified and large, morals are good here. {many of these perplexities. I For example, illegitimate births " Distinctions l are extremely rare on San An- Latins in this area make a dis- tonio's West Side. tinction among American-Amer- Poor Folk icans, Mexican-Americans and These folk are poor; few of Mexican-Mexicans. American-them are destitute. They know Americans are "Anglos" born in how to retain essential human the United States. Mexican-Amer- icans are Mexican by blood and citizens of the U.S. by birth or naturalization. Mexican-Mexicans are Mexican both by blood and birth. There are many Mexican- Mexicans in Southern Texas. Some of them are legally admitted aliens; some are braceros, ad- mitted for temporary agricultural work; some have entered the U. S. illegally. This host of Mexican- Mexicans compete for work with U.S. citizens and cause wages to remain at a low level. Field work- ers here usually receive 50c per hour. Proud of Heritage Mexican-Americans are proud of both their Mexican origin and their American citizenship. The latter gives them a few rights and some security. Unfortunately, most of them remain second-class citizens. Few of them vote. Many of them have incomes of less than $900 per year. They do not feel that they "belong" to the Anglo communities in which they live. They are proud of their Mexi- can origin and retain many of the excellent attitfldes and values cheracteristic of their national. ity. They maintain close ties with- dignity even in small homes and with limited incomes. However, a minority ore truly destitute. I have seen little children here sur- rounded with filth and showing the marks of neglect on their faces and in their little brown eyes. In the North it is sometimes said that the migrants are gyp. sies; that they do not wont to settle down. If you were to visit these people in their winter homes, you would quickly put aside the "gypsie myth." Even the poor Mexican-Americans here own their own homes. These homes are usually very small and very plain. Yet these people say that they want ta die in their own home; they want something to leave to their chil- dren. Diligent Catholics The Mexican-Americans attend Holy Mass and attend to their religious duties relatively diligent- ly here. When they migrate to the North, they often feel that the anglo churches are not theirs to use. Their churches here are small end simple. A huge brick structure h'equented by weil- dressed Anglos frightens them. in their families end among their Within a few days the Mexican. relatives. There is a special at- Ar0erieans and the Mexican. tachment of godparents toward Mexicans will be celebrating the the children whose baptism they feast of their beloved Lady of sponsored. On the other hand, the Guadolupe. Toward her they all--- children look to their "padrinolU.S. citizens and Mexican citizens and padrina" for example, relig-t alike--have an undying devotion, ious instruction end, occasional-[The Anglos here and in the North ly, financial assistance. The fath.lean learn much from their devo- er of the family exercises a firm ltion to Our Lady and their fidelity discipline over his children. By{to Christian family ideals. BUD KNOTT & SONS THE PHOTOGRAPHIC CENTER 114 W. STATE ST. ROCKFORD WO 2-7797 I! wall less yOU come in -- check the largest stack of quality carpet in the area . . . fabrics and styles to complement any room and please you . . . our values cannot be beat from $5.95 square yard. Harr, West Walter Franklin 1100 President Secretary 1 ith