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November 17, 1961     The Observer
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November 17, 1961

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FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1961 THE OBSERVER PAGE 5 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND By NORMA KRAUSE HERZFELD ATTITUDES HERE HAVE HARDENED and a standard vocabulary now exists for the Berlin problem. There are the "soft-boiled" people who want"appeasement" and "surrender." There are the "hard- boiled" people who want to "call Russia's bluff" by "all-out nuclear war" if necessary. Policies are supposed to be "firm" and "flexible." Conversations between presidents and foreign ministers are not "high- level talks" but "exploratory talks." "High-level talks" come later. We are supposed to "stand up to Khrushchev," and not "sit down at the confer- ence table." "Negotiations" are wicked and should be avoided. These simple cliches are closing in on us almost faster than the Russians are closing in on West Berlin. This black-and-white totality of approach e n UN headquarters, the land cost $8.5 million and the buildings cost $67 million, a not inconsiderate investment. Then, too, U.S. participation in the UN would probably be more difficult if it became more re- mote to the American public. A more sensible approach might be to put a specialized UN agency or commission headquarters into West Berlin and simultaneously broaden the access routes to make it more accessible for delegates and staffs. A new committee or agency to study and monitor radia- tion, a disarmament agency or an international space agency would be "naturals." THE IDEA OF "DISENGAGEMENT" in Central Europe as an al- ternative solution is a ~ontroversial one because many claim it would give a preponderant advantage to the Soviets. The operation would. involve a disarmed zone on both sides of the Iron Curtain in Europe, disarmed at least of nuclear weapons and open to inspection. For the West this would involve a pullback from Germany, possibly even France, and could remove U.S. NATO troops from the contin- makes it increasingly difficult to live in a world lent; but a similar pullback for the Soviets would leave them in a of perpetual tension where "total" solutions are-unachievable and tsuperior position, poised to strike fromthe edge of the zone on a di- dilemmas multiply faster than fruit flies, rect land route at the heart of Europe. Geographically, because of INADDITION TO HIS ATTEMPT TO STEER a middle course be- Iland on the east and ocean on the west, the Russians would still have twee~threats and counter-threats from the Russians, President Ken- SHARING OUR TREASURE nedyVmust also try to keep Americans from veering to one extreme of opinion or another. Both elements are involved in his expressed de- ~- REV. JOHN A. O'BRIEN, PH.D. (University of Notre Dame) There are many methods of leading souls into the Catholic Church, but none will prove ef- fective if it is not backed up by your good example. "By their fruits," said Jesus, "you will know them" (Matt. 7:16). Re- gardless of the logic of your rea- soning, the truth-seeker will in- evitably judge the Catholic re- ligion by the lives of its mem- bers. This is illustrated in the conversion of Walter Stodd, now an attorney in Peoria. "My parents," related Mr. Stodd, "weren't affiliated with any Church and viewed Sunday termination to find alternatives between nuclear war and humiliation for the U.S. and his recent appeal for "constructive and frequently critical suggestions for alternative courses of action" on Berlin and the German problem. A number of alternatives have been under discussion, but new ones are hard to come by, especially when the Russians have little interest in alternatives. U.S. policy on Germany in the past revolved around one major proposal, free elections and consequent German reunifica- lion under West Germany, who would predominate in such elections. Obviously this is unacceptable to Russia. Russian policy on Ger- many is to absorb as much of it as possible into the Soviet empire and cut the rest of it away from Western Europe. It is difficult to tell which the Russians fear more, Western Germany with nuclear arms or Western Germany in a European union. LOSS OF WEST BERLIN OR A SETTLEMENT disadvantageous to West Germany could turn Germany away from the West. Without Western Germany there could be no strong European union, economic or political. If for no other reason than this, Russia's policy is unac- ceptable to the U.S. What other alternatives are there? The idea of making an international city of Berlin has evolved into a current proposal to tie it up with the UN. Some advocate a UN "presence" or peace force in the West sector and along access roads. Others argue that the world headquarters of the UN should be moved to West Berlin. Certainly this must be attractive to UN delegates of a color other than white who receive such shabby treatment when they come to New York to represent their countries. Khrushchev would certainly like to move the UN out of the U.S. BUT THE UN IS IN A BASIC STRUCTURAL CRISIS over the func- tion of the Secretary-General and a further disruption could finish it off. The UN is a vast bureaucracy with detailed tasks in every part of the world, and moving this apparatus would not be easy. The UN is practically bankrupt today, also, with many governments refusing to pay costs, so it is difficult to see how it would raise the money to move. The city of New York spent $30 million on improvements around tractions and temptations of army life. I had many discussions about religion with them, and I noticed how definite and clear-cut were the teachings of their Church. Coming from various states, they all believed the same doctrines. Marries Catholic "I was greatly impressed by reading TRUTHS MEN LIVE BY (Macmillan Company, N.Y. ), which sets forth the philosophical truths underlying religion and shows how barren human life is when devoid of religious faith and spiritual values. "Mter returning from the serv- ice, I met Geraldine Ward, a lovely graduate of the Academy chiefly as a day i of Our Lady. We fell in love and of rest. As a~~]married. Once again I got a youngster I went ~1 close-up of the sanctifying influ- to v a r i o u s lance of the Catholic religion on Churches, chiefly ~~[the lives of its members. to the Congrega-~~~1 Reason for Unity tional Church Jn ~1 "I got in touch with Father J. Peoria He ghts. ~~1 D. Shaughnessy at St. Cecilia par- Many of my~tish and took a complete course chums w e r e ~1 of instruction. Here were unfolded Catholics and I to me the truths taught by Christ, vas mpressed wzm me regular- recorded in Holy Seripture, and ity with which they went to Sun- proclaimed by the Catholic Church day Mass and the good lives they HELP HIM TO REACH HIS GOAL ~ved. "When I went into the armed forces, I was again thrown in intimate contact with Catholics. Once again I noticed how serious- Formosan tFirehouse their missiles trained on Europe, but all the West would have left Just That ly they took their religion and practiced it amidst the many dis- In our Divine Word Seminaries ;n India, Philippines and Japan, we have a number of students preparing for the priesthood. MANY ARE VERY POOR and need financial help to continue their studies. ------ ------ TEAR OFF MAIL TO t mild lean tender TULLY COOKED might be some Polaris missiles in the ocean. These alternatives involve, too, the worth of a Russian agreement. The present Berlin crisis comes from a 1944 agreement with Russia which she is scrapping unilaterally. How fast she would scrap any new agreement is anybody's guess. PRESIDENT KENNEDY IS NOW ATTEMPTING a buildup of NATO conventional forces on the continent to hold off Russian con- ventional forces if they should advance u]~on Western Europe. This would give time for a final ultimatum to the aggressor to end hostili- ties or face nuclear retaliation. Under certain circumstances it might also give time for a "pre-emptive" nuclear strike after a conventional war had started, a strategic advantage which the West has presently given up. A vital weapon which could affect the Berlin outcome are USIA ra- dio broadcasts behind the Iron Curtain. Russians are said to be mortally afraid of war, yet their government keeps them ignorant about nuclear tests and 50-megaton bombs. How well do U.S. bread- casts get through with the news? It would be of incalculable value to get the truth through to the Russians on a massive scale while we are looking around for alternatives. (Copyright 1961, The Catholic Reporter) e in 'Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it' (Matt. 16:18) Attends Mass Daily "In contrast to the unity of the Catholic Church are the divisions which have split Protestantism into more than 250 denomina- tions. The basic cause of those differences in creed is the princi. ple of private i~terpretation of Scripture. As long as each in- dividual regards himself as en- tions I had started going to Mass so that I became familiar with both Catholic doctrine and war- ship. I was received into Christ's true Church and had the great joy of receiving our Eucharistic Lord. God has blessed us with six children, and every day my religion means more to me. I go to daily Mass and Holy Com- munion at St. Mark and strive to share through God's grace these sources of my happiness with many others." ~>~ ~:,+:.~.:,~~ ~'~ T MAY THEY REST IN PEACE T | The following clergy of the Diocese of Rockford passed on to their eternal rewards on the dates listed. Your prayers are requested for the repose of their souls. Nov. 19, 1960--The Rev. John J. Hackett, pastor of St. Mary church, East Dubuque, is buried in East" Dbuque. Nov. 25. 1930---The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Clemens Kalvelage, V.G pastor of St. Joseph parish, Freeport, is buried in St. Joseph since its foundation by Our Lord to the present day. I had previ- cemetery, Freeport. ously observed the marvelous Grant, we beseech Thee, 0 Lord, that the souls of Thy servants, Thy unity of the Church, with its priests whom in this life, Thou didst honor with the sacred members professing the same may rejoice in the glory of heaven forevermore. Amen. doctrines and receiving the same sacraments. Hours "Now I perceived me reason .or, y Filbert, an edible hazel nut, is named after St. Philibert, a 7th century French Monk. Patronize Our Advertisers for that world-wide unity: the bestowal by Christ of authority to teach in His name and the assurance of His protection from error until the end of time. 'Be- hold,' He said, 'I am with you all days, even unto the consum. marion of the world' (Matt. 28:20). TAICHUNG, Formosa -- Mary- knoll Father Francis X. Keelan of Cambridge, Mass is sure glad his mission isn't located in a small town near here, especially when it comes to fire protection. While walking along the streets of the town recently, the veteran Chino missioner noticed smoke and flames pouring out of the sec- ond-floor window of a nearby building. He rushed into the house to tell the people that their house was on fire and found him- self in the local firehouse. WAKAYAMA, Japan -- During the local communit~ chest cam- paign, the Catholic church here cooperated by carrying a poster on its bulletin beard encouraging generosity to the poor and dis- tressed. Father Keith Gorman, S.S.C gave the campaign a little push of his own by adding the Scriptur- al quotation, "He that hath two coats, let him give to him that hath none." "This apparently made a pro- found impression," noted the Columban missionary. "One gentleman read the notice, then removed his shirt, folded it neat- ly and carefully laid it on the floor beneath the poster. TAIPEI, Formosa -- Father Paul Chen, S.V.D Chinese mem- ber of the Divine Word Mission- aries formerly assigned to the Philippines, had hardly arrived at his new post here when an eight- year-old lad marched up to him with six boys in tow. "My classmates are here," said the lad with a smile from ear to ear. "Why did you bring them to me?" said the puzzled Father Chert. "Because I heard--isn't it true? --that Cardinal Tien wants every Catholic to introduce at least one non-Catholic to the Church this year?" Thomas Cardinal Tien, S.V.D exiled Archbishop of Peking, is Apostolic Administrator of the Taipei archdiocese. Jerry Powers St. Charles Borromeo, Hamp- shire-Twenty-sixth Sunday after Pentecost. Sacred Heart Apostolic School, y-sixth Sunday at- Pentecost. Grade "A" e ~r ~ Milk Productg ROCK FALLS DAIRY Phone Main 5-0913 Harvard, III. MOTORS INC. Cleaners Laundry EVERY NIGHT AT 10 AL Dubuque, la.--608 Main St. Clinton, la.--222 6th Ave. S. Rockford-105 North Main St. Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. H. Coren--Optometrlst Rockford--Rockford Plaza Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. H. PartolI--Optometrlst Aurora--6 N. Broadway Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. Frank Santelli--Optometrlst Dixon--110 East First St. Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. B. Rubin--Optometrist Sterling--21 W. 3rd St. Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. R. Cobb, Dr. N. L. St. Germain--Optametrists Elgin--121 S. Grove 65 NORTH AYER STREET WHitney 3-S425 TWO LOCATIONS MONROE, WIS. CHRYSLER -- IMPERIAL -- DODGE -- PLYMOUTH DODGE TRUCKS -- SlMCA -- VALIANT -- LANCER Our Reputation Is Your Guarantee You can bank on the Illinois National in more ways than one! It's not too late to join our Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. H. Mall--Optometrist :::!!~i~!!!!: ::::::~:i:~:~ CORPORATION Complete Electroplating Ser. Authorized to Do Work on Sacred Vessels GENERAL OFFICE AND PLANT 121-129 SOUTH HANCOCK AVENUE FREEPORT, ILLINOIS TELEPHONE: ADAMS 2-6139 BRANCH PLANT 2500 NORTH MAIN STREET, ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS TELEPHONE: WOODLAND 2.6451 Write o, Phone Us for Details and Estimates CHRISTMAS CLUB Imagine being lianded a check for $100 or $200 or more in time for Christmas shoppingt Start your 1962 Christmas Club savings now at Illinois National. :ii! ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. South Main at Chestnut Complete banking services: Savings Accounts * Checking Accounts Christmas Club Vacation Club,Trust Services Safe Deposit Boxes Home & Property Improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mall, postage pald both ways,Free Parking while you bank * Drive-in Facilities Phone WO 3-3431 RT. REV. MSGR. THOMAS S. GREEN Diocesan Director Society For The Propagation Of The Faith The Holy Father has over three hundred lepro- saria in the world which are caring for several hun- dred thousand lepers. More than 1,250 Priests, Brothers, and Sisters have offered their lives for the care of these good people; some of these reli- gious have contracted the disease themselves in this service of love. Their way is the way of Christ Who touched the leper. They live with them and share their sores and their woes. Thus is the Gospel being relived: " and now, a leper came and knelt before him, and said, Lord, if it be thy will, thou hast power to make me clean." Jesus was moved with pity; He "held out his hand and touched him, and said, It is my will; be thou made clean." And at the word, the leprosy all left him; he was "immediately cleansed." Inner Sight All diseases to Our Blessed Lord were symbols , of sin, but He made it very clear that a disease in a person was never a sign that the person had sinned. Often the blind see God with an inner eye, the lame have wings with which they fly to the embrace of the Divine, and the deaf hear the heart-whisper- ings of the Spirit of God, while the leprous are so clean and pure and holy in the sight of God that at death, like an uncaged bird, they are ready to fly to the God Who made them. There are about ten million lepers in the world. Many of them have need only of outer cleansing, but how many hundreds of millions of the rest of us there are who have need of spiritual cleansing! It is the latter who are urged to make a sacrifice for the lepers, that having helped to cleanse them on the outside, God may, in His mercy, purge them from the leprosy of sin. It is not enough to have sins forgiven; we must also make amends for them. Sacrifice Amid Prosperity Our Lord looks down from high heaven upon these souls in the missions. How He must rejoice at their response to the Faith! To us He has given not only Faith, but the blessings of prosperity. A little act of self-denial is nothing compared to what others sacrifice for their Faith! In order for the missionaries to keep this leper service reaching out to several million Lepers with- out care; to promote further leprosy research; to effect more widespread medical cures', more of everything is required more workers, more sup- plies, more financial assistance. COUNT YOUR BLESSINGS AND THEN MAKE YOUR SACRIFICE A REAL SACRIFICE IW llm m m mlm m w mlwm m mlm mmwm mmu wmm m mm m mmlmmm m ml~ ,: The Society for the Propagation of the Faith | : 507 Avenue B ! Sterling, Illinois i Dear Monsignor Green: i i Enclosed please find my sacrifice for the medi- | cal care of the Lepers. Name | i * ** **eeee **e* ************************** i+e" i i I l l City . State , *** **0***, **oeo*oeo* * S I I I : Amount $ , m l