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November 16, 1952     The Observer
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November 16, 1952

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t lLree Sectiomt Ne s Se(Ei w November 16, 1952 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE O VOL XLI NO 29 & HIS iWlth the remains of a bombed-out Korean home al hls "chapel," Pfc. Pedro Delgado of San Lorenzo, Puerto Rico, Co. E., &Stb Infantry l~g/ment, Third U. S. Infantry D/vision, uys his rosary during a lull in the action along the fighting front. U. S. Army Photo. (NC Photos) New York --(NC )--- Prominent CathoUc, Protestant and Jewish personages issued a joint statement here praising the absence of bigotry from the 1952 presidential campaign, and urging continued efforts by religious ai d civic groups to as- sure that all political campaigns will be conducted on the same "high plane." Catholic signers of the state-. ment were Bishop Edwin V. O'Hara of Kansas City, Me., and Dr. George N. Shuster, president of Hunter College, New York. The other signers were the Rt. Rev. Henry Knox Sherrill, president of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.; Dr. Arthur S. Fleming, chairman of the Coun- cil's Division of Christian Life and Work; Jacob Blaustein, presi- dent of the American Jewish Com- mittee; and Rabbi Simon G. Kramer, president of the Syna- gogue Council of America. "During the 1952 campaign,' the statement said, "the major candidates scrupulously avoided appealing to the intolerance of the prejudiced. There were no slurs Continued on page 12A [ Telephones preparing the 1953 tele- phone directory of parishes, rec- tories, convents, schools, hos- pitals and institutions, The Ob- server needs information if your telephone number has been changed. Will you kindly advise us im- mediately if the number listed in 1952 should be changed in the directory for 19537 Died To Help Koreans Seoul --(NC)--- Bishop Patrick J. Byrne, Apostolic Delegate to Ko- rea now presumed dead, could easily have escaped.his fate. He and 30 other Catholic foreign missioners and 22 Korean priests were seized by the Reds in the summer of 1950. But all could easily have fled south before the advancing Red armies. They pre- ferred to risk arrest, imprisonment, suffering, perhaps death in the hope of rendering spiritual service to the Korean people. The communists captured Seoul on the night of June 27, 1950, less than 72 hours after crossing the 38th parallel. Some days later they obliged Washington-born Bishop Byrne, and his secretary, Father William Booth, a Brooklyn-born Maryknoller to leave the delegation and join Korean and French priests in the cathedral residence. About the second week of July a civilian communist official asked to see Bishop Byrne. Expecting a short interview the Bishop went downstairs, clad only in shirt and trousers. He never came back. In i@ In Washington-- (NC)--World con- ditions have presented the Catholic Church in the United States with a responsibility and a challenge which it dares not shirk. If Catholic influence is to be felt in the "vast and important" inter- national developments of the day, the Church in this country must "continue to be vigilant and active," even though this requires the diversion of attention and energies from purely domestic affairs. This was the report of Arch- bishop Francis P. Keough of Balti- more to the Annual General Meet- ing of the Archbishops and Bishops of the United States at the Catholic University of America here this week. Speaking as Chairman of the Administrative Board, National Catholic Welfare Conference, Arch- bishop Keough said the N.C.W.C. has been able to give valuable help to the Church in many areas during the last year. At the same time, Archbishop Keough noted, the international situation continued to be "tense and uncertain," and the problems [connected with the program of i defense mobilization at home "con- tinued without abatement." Archbishop Keough read to his fellow members of the Hierarchy a letter extending the "warm appre- ciation" of His Holiness Pope Plus XII for "the unfailingly generous charity of the Catholics of the United States, and of that genuine organizations abroad have come to rely on the National Catholic Wel- fare Conference to a great extent for information and help especially in regard to such matters as UN Technical Assistance and the U.S. Point Four Program, UNESCO, WHO and other UN affairs, the Exchange of Persons program, and international missions and confer- ences, which are of such vital con- cern to the interests of the Church." In addition to supplying such information through the normal official channels, the Archbishop added, "we have been able directly to help missionary and other groups in a large number of specific in- stances." Bishop Gorman Reports t Washington --(NC)I B i s h o p Thomas K. Gorman, Coadjutor of Dallas, told the meeting of the Bishops held here this week that "it is quite possible that, in the past year, the Catholic Press of the U. S. has presented to the world the timeliest, the most de- tailed and accurate account of understanding of the requirements persecution ever presented in his- of the Holy See and that filial devo- tory." tion to the Vicar of Christ which The Catholic Press of this eoun- have always characterized them." try, the Bishop reported as Episco- For God And Neighbor pal Chairman of the Press Depart- ment, N.C.W.C., has "kept well "Through their own relief organ- ahead of its contemporaries" in izations," the letter said, "the reporting the wholesale, brutal at- Hierarchy and faithful of the tacks upon the Church and relig- United States have been provid-ion in Red China, and in the half- ing welcome aid over widespread score of Iron Curtain countries. areas where there was want to be relieved or suffering to be alle- viated. At the same time they have been amongst the most out- standing and constant benefactors of the common father inhis efforts to further those manifold causes of religion and charity that are the objects of his daily solicitude." Many other expressions of appre- This was but one of the "im- pressive strides" made by the Catholic Press of this country in the last year, Bishop German said. He added that "the influence of the Press Department, N.C.W.C., in the revitalization and further progress of the world-wide aposto- late of the Catholic Press has, we elation for the assistance extend- think, added much to the prestige ed came in from various parts of of the N.C.W.C. as a whole." the world, notably from the hier- Bishop German pointed out that archies of Germany, Japan and the dispatches of the NC News Service government of Korea, Archbishop are now going to 502 publications Keough said. He reported, too, that i which have a total circulation of "Catholic authorities and Catholic :12,709,000 copies. These papers The N.C.W.C. was able during the year to give "valuable help" to the Church in mission areas such as the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Tanganyika, he also reported. Home Problems Grow There was no diminution of prob- lems to engage the attention of the N.C.W.C. on the domestic scene, Archbishop Keough made it clear. The availability of materials for essential church, hospital and school construction; the status of students for the priesthood and the religious life under Selective Service; the welfare of young men and women in the armed forces, Continued onpage 12A ! have a readership of 52,284,500 individuals, he added. Of the publications carrying NC" reports, Bishop German said, 138 are in the United States, 12 in Canada, 15 in Mexico, 234 in more than a dozen European countries, 44 in 10 South American countries, 11 in five Central American coun- tries; 15 in the Caribbean area, 18 in Asia, eight in Africa, one in Pacific Islands, and six in Austral- asia. Tracing swiftly some of the highlights of a "tumultous, diffi- cult" news year, the Bishop noted technical advances in the handling of news, an increase in "human interest" stories carried, a pro- gram for better domestic cover- age, the inauguration of an expert- ly-prepared script for a Catholic radio or television news broad- casts, and instances where the prompt reporting of Catholic news applied corrective truth to error. The last year, Bishop German re- called, marked the 20th anniver. sary of "a great project in which the News Service blazed a trail." This is the immediate cabling and radioing to the U.S. of the full texts of Papal counsels. As a re. suit of the NC News Serviee's ini- tiative, he said, this project has spread to all the U.S. and world press. By FATHER PATRICK O'CONNOR, S.S.C. The communists took him to a midtown building. There the Reds imprisoned him with several hund- red others in a large basement room. Father Booth and four French priests were likewise brought there. Also three Colum- bans, Msgr. Thomas Quinlan, Pre- fect Apostolic of Chunchon, and Fathers Philip Crosbie and Frank Canavan. Probably the British and French diplomats and eleven American and British Protestant missionaries were confined in the same place. The foreign civilians were held not by the Red army but by the North Korean security police, called the "Poiboo." Bishop Byrne was reportedly put through a sort of mob trial. The presiding communist demanded: "Why did you come to Korea?" "To teach religion," the Bishop replied. "Kill the American," the Red- coached mob interrupted, ani "I did aot come to Korea as American," Bishop Byrne ex- plained calmly. "I came to teach religion, and as a representative of the Pope." Father Booth was also ques- tioned. He stated that Bishop Byrne had answered for him. The Reds took the foreign civi- lians north from Seoul, probably in several batches. Some at least were sent by train to Pyongyang, the Red capital. In late August of 1950 Bishop Byrne was reportedly seen being marched through the Seoul streets still clad only in shirt and trousers. Constant Inspiration Fourteen months earlier I had seen him consecrated Bishop as the First Apostolic Delegate to Korea by Bishop Thomas J. McDonnell, now Coadjutor of Wheeling, in the Seoul cathedral. That was a great day of rejoicing for Korea's Cath- olics who however always remem- ber that the finest hour is that of martyrdom. Their own martyrs are their constant inspiration. The United Nations forces took Pyongyang on October 20, 1950. I reached it three days later. My objective was to seek news o[ Bishop Byrne, Monsignor Quinlan, Msgr. Patrick Brennan, a Chicago Coinmban and Prefect Apostolic of Kwangju, and other mmsionaries nearly all of whom I had known. Some of them, including Bishop Byrne, were my personal friends. The Bishop had driven me to the airfield on my last visit to Korea before the war. At first I found no clues. I went through the prison which was then filling up with fast surrendering North Koreans. Recently dug pris- on yards and filled up wells were Continued on page 12A O.S.V. Political Poll In Our Sunday Visitor section today, F. A. Fink, managing editor, gives further report on the O.S.V. political poll. Read "Our Weekly Chat With You," page 1, Religious Section.