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November 10, 1961     The Observer
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o Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol. XVI--No. 45 FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1961 10 PAGES " APOSTOLIC DELEGATE FETES DIPLOMATS--At a special States; Ambassador Mar,ann de Yturralde of Spain; the Apostolic Washington reception honoring the Holy Father's double ann,- Delegate; Ambassador Antonio Carillo Flores of Mexico; and versary, Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi, Apostolic Delegate to the Rear Admiral Bartholomew W. Hogan, former Surgeon General U S received a number of foreign ambassadors, clergy and of the U.S. Navy. Other dignitaries attending the reception (be- prominent Catholic laymen Shown with the Delegate in the low from the left) were Ambassador Sergio Fenoaltea of Italy, tipper photo are (from the left): Ambassador Emilio Sarmiento, Ambassador J. M. Udochi of Nigeria, and Associate Justice Wil- alternate Bolivian delegate to the Organization of American iiam J. Brennan of the U.S. Supreme Court. - Pm -E I' I II ,i I : I, WASHINGTON (NC~ -- Amer- leans who concentrate oll Red DURBAN, South Africa (NC)--Iwhen the Jesuit visited South ~ Father lvmt~iusKey was not con- |ubverston at home should gtvelThe Catholic Archbishop of Dur-lAftaca last year. [vmced that one man one vote ual ene],to extendm civil A 1 a Cite Dl cu l Fq ' 'gY " ' g " "lban hailed the choice of fr'c n l" s "s' ss'on was a good policy for South rights to all U S citizens because di~nia~'el of these'ii hit~ is the most native leader Albert Luthuli as Archbishop Hurley said: Aft Sea. g T ~ ' "," Irecipient of the Nobel Peace Pfizer "it was keen cut. The Jesuit One Man One Vote flangerous Suoverslon.' I - . l anu said Luthuli's approach islbore down on what he thought 'Look at it this way,' replied "llnS opnuon WaS expresseo Dy . s" - ]Christian and conciliatory ]was a weakness m his opponent's the chief. How can I get tip at me r~ev 'lneouore lvI tie,'ourgn " ' " ' " ' i f' i 'I a meeting of my supporters and C S C ")rcsident of the Univeisit"[ "I am dehghted that he has won armor. But Ch e,he sa d, i ~. - Y I ask them to join me in the strug- of Notre Dame and a member of this nonor, sam Arcnmsnop am told that there are corn- ~d, f m~o~, ;,~h~ ~, ~ ,m, the U.S. Civil Rights Commission Denis E Hurley, O.M~I who is[munists in the African National i~'~they [mve'~a" Sta~,'~ar-d'Vi c"er~- The Holy Cross priest wrote in ~aTM ~alrman oi me x nsumteoI[Congress.' tificate (high school diploma)? the current isstie of the Americanlfiace r~elauons;, i Know lvtr.I,'Perhaps there are,' replied No my policy is "one man one . i,umuu personauy anu nave me,' Alumni Cotincll News on issues[, . the Chief They were probably vote " B,~ if an,~'"d *" nignest regard and affection for . . . -~ . :-, : that should concern the modern] ]there before I joined it, and they me with a fair offer I'll talk to alumnus, iram' ]are probably still there. But if him. I am prepared to negoti- e ~i i " tola Nonviolent Campaign/you sent us more young men with ate' He salu tile tru c" s s u y ~ . is not tteu acuv"lty overseas, but The Nobel Peace Prize commit-Esound Christian convictions, you "This ar"uments ," Arehbish""~,t, i '. tee in Oslo announced (Oct. 23) wouldn't have to worry about the Hurle- continued "revealed two wnat Americans are anng at ll -- . ~ * I ~ '' me awarn of the 1960 Peace t~rlzeleommunlsts, of the basic eharaeteristies of the nome to deepen anu extenu me to Luthuh at the same hme it 11 Luthuh a roach I 1 r convictions of human dignity and. ~,a~a ,~, o o ;~,~ .] 1``Then the, argument .re ed p.p . t s Ch lshan. ri-hts which are the foundation ofawa;u=u u J= aou. =a = ~.~,~= ~, along over me zrancmse Issue. it is conciuatory. . ~' i the late United Nations See. Gen./ oemocracy and me oasis ot the,Da Ham i i g marsK]olo. .hu~nun, Ol- / American image ab oad ," " ' !year-old Zulu tribal chief who was / ~ Jr' ~ ~ -- -- - Those who worly so much, !for many years head of the new-] ~ r~ ~ r[ / ~ I ~ {~ll ~1~ about communistic subversion at!banned African National Con[ ~" " --" "-~" " ~'~'*'~ home might well gwe equal re was he f hi n " " g ss, nored or "s on-I energy to the task of making violent campaign against South/World News 2 On the Lighter Side 7 democrary come true here for all Africa's racial segregation poli-/Editorial Page 4 Hi School News 8 Americans," he continued eies. [Words and Worship 5 Doris Answers Youth 8 "The most dangerous subver- Legion af Decency 8 sion for America is that which St. Vincent s Jottings 9 denies in practice here at home TV Movie Guide 9 the human dignity, liberty and Theology for Everyman 10 opportunity that we profess !n our Meet.the Clergy !0 Reqmescant 10 conflicts with communism. VATICAN CITY, (NC) -- His Holiness Pope John XXIII opened the second meeting of the Central Prep- aratory Commission for the coming ecumenical council with an appeal for world peace, his second within three days. The Pontiff also expressed his gratification at non- Catholic interest in the council and said it is a cause for rejoicing among all Catholics. Pope John told the commission that it will have to meet more often during the next few months. This was seen here as an indication that the preparatory phase of the council is nearing its end. Present at the commission - -- meeting in the Vat, cart's Hall of although their brows are not Congregations were 44 cardinals signed with the seal of Christ, from 23 countries. Those from the receive the light of natural revela- U.S. Were James Francis Car-lion. This attention, given both dinal McIntyre, Archbishop of Los in res~ct and. expectation, is a Angeles; AloisiusCar'dinal Muench cause mr exultauon inaeeo, and of the Vatican administrative it cannot leave any member of -'aft a-d ~'^"* "'ai"~ Me,er the grea~ Catholie family ,rid,f- Archbishop of Chicago. ierent. Call for Peace Central Commission's Work i The Pope's speech also dealt The rode remlnoea me comm s- ,-,with th~ commission's work He slon that many peopm are wor- . ried about present world condi-sm,~ith the help of God we are tions and again called for peace ~ - oeginning the study of projects He nan issueu anomer peace pma, anu uecrees that have already only three days eanier wnen ne, Deen drawn up by the torero,s- received members ot nelegauons : ~ . ~tuu~ auu ~ecrvtarlats lvlany from 67 nations to ceremonies projects are ready an~ omers marking his 80th blrmaay ann will follow shortly Subsequently coronation anniversary. The Pope th~r~fcw~ it will "l,~t~nm~ n~t,~,' he had " " told the commission that ,sary m repeat mese meeungs voiced his thoughts about dangers[more often to peace in his still earlier peace ." " " . . . I wnue me members ot me cen- appeal of September 10 He re-. : I trot commission examine tile pealed that he had sam at mat ~, ^, [VluJvcLS m ~m~ assemmy, special time: [subcommissions will draw up the "We invite statesmen to face up]norms that will be observed dur- to their h emendous" responsibili-, ling the fortheomin]~ councl." ties. May truth and justice affirm] The Pope reminded the corn- themselves in safeguarding essen-]mission that it already had be- tial liberties and the insuppress-lfore it the suggestions and wishes able values, of each nation and of the bishops, priests and laity. every man.' I He said commission members can "Today " the Pontiff told the Ialso count on the support of the -' re at that prayers of Catholics commission, "we pe,I " heartfelt invitation. We humbly l~ say, furthermore, that our work I is intended to help the spread of I ~lfflffltl// I an atmosphere of trust, hope and I urrl~,l~L I mutual collaboration, of respect]| ~lll~l~llll~ i for the rights of the human being, [[ ;~.fl[gULg I redeemed by Christ, and to ere-[ ate an atmosphere for preparingBISHOP LANE and defending peace for the goodI Monday, November 13: of all mankind. [ 7:00 p.m.--Aurora, Hilton Inn. Interest of Others I Aurora United Catholic Education Pope John said it is necessary. .[ Development Program. to emphasize non-Catholic rater-I Tuesday, November 14: est in the coming council. He[ said ,: [ Friday, November 18: 'One must also stress the at-] Washington, D.C. Annual Meet- tent,on of so many separated[ing of The Bishops of the United brothers and~of many others who, ~ States. POPE LEO Encyclical Will Honor Pop Leo VATICAN CITY, (NC) -- A new encyclical was promised by His Holiness Pope John XXIII at the combined celebration of his 80th birthday and the third anniver- Pope John. The Bishop based his text on the personal words of the Holy Father spoken to him during his recent private audiencl with the Pope. These words of Pope John which reveal his spiritual vigor were quoted by Bishop Lane: ,"People ask me how it is that I can remain so calm, cheer- ful and serene in the midst of so many problems and crises. My answer is that when I was a small boy many years ago, I made up my mind that I would rely completely on Go-d's will through- out my life. I have always found that if I earnestly tried to do my part, God would not be lacking toward me. Complete trust in God's will has always been my rule of life. If it were otherwise, life would be most difficult." The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Herman A. Me,linger, rector of St. James, served as assistant priest for the Pontifical Mass. The deacons of honor were the Rev. Raymond P. Gordon, pastor of St. Bridget sary of his coronation, parish, and the Rev. Daniel B. Geoghegan, pastor of St. Berna- The encyclical, he said will dette parish. The Rev. William P. Knott and the Rev. Lawrence mark the lhth centenary of the London served as deacon and subdeacon. Masters of ceremonies death of Pope Leo the Great on were the Rev. Francis J. Moroney and the Rev. David J. Rock. November 11, and will center The Mass of thanksgiving was attended by a large delegation upon his relation to the Church's from the Rockford city parishes. In other communities through- history out the diocese special observance of the Pope's anniversaries He saidThe p~o rtions of were held on both Saturday and Sunday : " po,~.~ ~, v d d. the greatness of this truly lofty Pope, one of the great Poutiffs EMBRACES 34 COUNTIES who sat on the apostolic throne, ' , are. so great that they are apt II~L" f II~ A I to dismay any of his successors. I |l~am~ #~LI[" "%~ / ~ n#~[~ . we have thought of paying II=#'|~O~ ~l ~#~l II g"tl I~ll% him homage through a special document, an encyclical of im-~ . 1,~ 1 minent publication which will .r~m~rs in ~,v~ ~l" lCaY~, illustrate with devout admiration"=~='~'='~='~w= =~ ~,t# ~,~,'~a~ his distinguished merits and his ~ WASHINGTON (NO--His riofi- neck Texas as the first Bishop personal charactenstics m rela lion to ,the history of the Holy ness Pope John XXIII has estab- The new Diocese of San Angelo Church. lished the new Diocese of San is made up to 34 counties which Angelo m the western part or formerly were embraced in four The Pope cited quotations from ' five addresses that Pope Leo de-I : Texas Sees. livered at his own coronation an-I The Diocese of San Angelo em- niversary eelebrations. He said: ~~~: braces an area of 42,080 square " 'My tongue and my spirit[ ~lt~~~ miles with a total population of bless His Holy Name'.so began ~~~ 592,472, of whom 51,421 are Cath- St. Leo on the feast of his firstI ~~~~ olics. anniversary; similarly his far re-[ ~~~ Msgr. Drury, who becomes the moved successor returns to these . /: :i first Bishop of San Angelo, is a words 15 centuries later."~~'~ native of Ireland and a former e 1 shes Catholic editor He was born The Pontiff said that h b u I ~~ " " " " at the realization of the respon- ~i ~" ~. January 4, 1908, in Moygara, ru him Gurteen, Count Sli o, the son of sibility God ent sted to " ! ~l 'Y "g when he was elected, but he bows i ~."~~:; Michael and Margaret Lennon ce ts Drur both of whom are de t~" the Divine Will and ac p [ *:" Y, - with humility the homage shown! ~ ceased. He made his studies for to the office of the papacy by the ~ the priesthood at Kenrick Semi- official delegations from all BISHOP DRURY nary, St. Louis. around the world. I Bishop-elect Drury was or- The Pope then traced the in- Texas and appointed Msgr. dained June 2, 1935, in the Cathe- fhience of St. Charles Borromeo Thomas J. Drury, pastor of the drai a,t Amarillo, Texas, by th~ on his life. Church of Christ the King in Lub- Most Rev. Robert E. Lucey. [EDITOR'S NOTE: The following article is by the editor of Our Times, official newspaper of the Diocese of Yakima, Wash who has just returned from a four-week flying visit to Latin America as part of a team of U.S. Catholic journalists. Purpose of the 15,000- mile trip, which included stops at Lima, San Paulo, Rio de Jane,re and Caracas, was to take part in press seminars with Latin American Catholic journalists.] By RAYMOND RUPPERT (N.C.W.C. News Service) Spring has returned to Latin America. It is a new season. But there is springtime in another ~se, too, in that troubled continent. The seeds and unrest have been planted in the hearts of millions of poverty-stricken people. One day--no one knows how soon--those seeds of unrest will send out tender shoots, perhaps to flourish and to grow, perhaps to wilt and to die. ' For the one inescapable conclusion about much of Latin America today is that a few people are extremely wealthy and that millions of people are starvation poor. This has created a climate for a winter of discontent that can only be followed by a springtime of unrest and, perhaps, of violence. Principal hnpressions The one thing I think I have learned is not to judge too quickly or too dogmatically what I read about Latin America. Thus what is set down here is one reporter's principal 'impressions about Latin America: --A movement toward revolution has begun among the poverty-stricken lower classes. This is not a communist movement. Nor is it, at the moment, a Catholic movement. The Reds are try- ing to capitalize on it. And a few bold churchmen have raised their voices with an appeal for social justic~. based on Catholic teachings. --Religious faith is deeply imbedded in the hearts of the people. But without priests and with- out religious instruction, the people can slip away from their faith. Class Society --Latin America has a class society. The very rich in the upper class are unconcerned with the destitution around them, except as they fear the unrest may endanger their fortunes. In the low class are the poor and ignorant but awakening millions. The middle class is also slowly emerg- ing but is not yet a significant factor. --A Latin American clergy must be developed, but the barriers are many and the needs for for- eign priests and lay missioners will continue for many years. --Aid from the United States either by the gov- ernment or by the Church, can be a decisive fac- tor in saving the continent from revolution, but that aid must be offered and accepted under real- istic terms. - There is one big question today in Latin Amer- ica: How much time is left? How Much Time? How much time is left to correct without vio- lence the great disparity between wealth and poverty, a breeding ground for social injustice and revolutionary unrest? How much time is left to bring the Church to the millions who have the Faith "bred in the mar- row of their bones" but who may lose that heritage if left much longer without priests and instruction? How much time is left to develop an articulate and purposeful leadership among the middle class? How much time is left to displace the ruling oligarchy with some form of government sym- ? pathetic to the needs and hopes of the rising masses? Time may run out any day in any country. The result could be bloody revolution. Delicate Position The position of the Church in Peru is a delicate one. One statistic to keep in mind is that Peru has only one priest for every 6,000 Catholics com- pared to one for 600 in the United States An estimated 100,080 people live in Lima's bar- riadas, the slums rimming the city. In most bar- riadas there is no water and the people must buy it; they pay a high price The only work they can find in the city is as menials. Or they beg in the streets or they steal or they peddle gimcracks. Immorality, crime, illiteracy are constant com- panions in those barriadas ruled "by the fist." Father Vincent Mall0n, a Maryknoll priest who serves in Lima, told us that the Catholic faith of the people is the great bulwark against communism. He said that many poor people are attracted by the communist promise of material help but that they refuse to come into the Red camp because they understand that communism is opposed to their Faith. Need Priests The great need is for priests. But the barriers to developing the clergy are great. The obstacles include the poor educational formation of the mass of the people, parental objection--often,be- cause some priests have lived less than priestly lives--and the fact that many possible candidates are born out of wedlock and illegitimacy is an impedient to the priesthood. Coupled with these obstacles is the furtl~er complication that a color problem does exist in Peru. The Indian who becomes a priest--and al- most half of the people of Peru are Indians--finds that he is not accepted among the upper class. A "good" Catholic among the rich upper class is that Catholic who will do a favor for the Church when the need arises and who receives the sacra- ments. (Although not as often as that Brazilian politican we were told about who went to Com- munion three times on the same Sunday in three different churches; he was electioneering.) Lack Social Conscience Being this kind of "good" Catholic, however, does not involve having a social conscience or be- ing dedicated to translating the social teachings of the Church into action in the world Flying across the continent from Lima to San Paulo, we found both that metropolis and the country in a state of depression that is both eco- nomic and spiritual. Brazil was hit hard by the sudden resignation of President Janio Quadros last August, and inflation is becoming worse every day. The depression is also spiritual. According to Father Edmund N. Leasing, vice provincial of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate in San Paulo, 2,080 Catholics a day in Brazil are being lost to the Faith either through Protestant proselytizing or through falling away to spiritism. It is his esti- mate also that three per cent of the Catholics in San Paulo are what we would call practicing Catholics; that is, they attend Mass on Sunday. Hard Life Being a missionary priest is not an easy life. About 25 per cent of the foreign-born priests have to return home because they can no longer take the frustration and hardship. Father LeSs,rig gave us some idea of how in- flation has affected Brazil. He said that in 1946, the cruzerio was valued at 17 to a U.S. dollar. When we reached San Paulo it was valued at 304 to the dollar, and two days later rose to 322 to the doll0r. We found Caracas also a city in economic de- pression. A priest who has made it his business to keep abreast of political movements estimated that there are, among Venezuela's seven million people, about 50,000 hard-core communists. Of these, he said, about a thousand "know what it's all about." Masses Drifting Away Contrariwise, he estimated that of the 1,500 priests in the country, "probably a good 100 are social-minded." It was his view that Catholic masses are slowly drifting away from the Faith but that a Catholic elite is being formed. The North .American who tries to understand his Latin neighbors must realize that he carries with him as he travels south three ideas that are not easily found in Latin America. One is a political idea, the idea of a representa- tive democracy in which a people are entitled to a voice in their own government. Another is an economic idea, the idea of a con- trolled capitalism in which private enterprise operates under controls, both legal and moral, for the general good. A third is a religious idea, the idea of a plura- listic society of many faiths. Lack Democratic Ideas Concerning the first, we err if we think that the lower classes, now rising in social unrest, can quickly accept democracy as we know it; they simply do not have the background which our nation had even in its colonial period. Capitalism as it exists in Latin America is too often the laissez-faire capitalism of our 1800s in which social justice and the common good have no relevance. This creates a problem for us be- cause those among the low and middle classes who are awakening tend to equate our American capitalism of today with their capitalism and w~ cannot blame them if they reject the capitalism of the 1800s. Not A Pluralistic Society Of the three ideas or concepts mentioned, the most difficult to see objectively as a North American is the religious idea. Latin America is not a religiously pluralistic society; it is a Catho- lic society, generally speaking. We may find fault; we may abhor the ties be- tween government and Church which have often turned the Church into a controlled Church: we may feel that the faith of the people is passive and emotional; we may wonder about the readi- ness with which the sacraments are kept within the walls of the church and the social teachings are not allowed to penetrate society. Need Strong Church We must understand that our own national de- vet,on to the principle of separation of Church and State can create a hazard in trying to help Latin America. For fear of outcries at home, our gov- ernment may be wary of giving aid to strengthen the Church in Latin America. But only with a strong Church able to espouse the principles of social justice can the people of Latin America find economic freedom and political independence, There are these dangers: --That we will expect too much of Latin Amer- icans in the way of democratic action; they are not ready. --That we will not make dear to them the dif- ference between the exploiter "robber baron" capitalism they fear and our own brand of con- trolled capitalism. --That in our attempts as a government to be religious neutrals we will fail to aid the strongest bulwark we have against communism ht Latin America, ~he Catholic Church.