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October 31, 1943     The Observer
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October 31, 1943

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New, Section -- Paso 4  THE OBSERVER  Sunday, October 31, 1943 I U. S. Navy Chaplain Corps Roster Of World War II Heroes Includes Many Catholic Priests Continued from this war. According to eye-wit- ness accounts, Chaplain Kirkpat- rick was killed by an explosion in the first few minutes of the attack on Pearl Harbor, while aboard the U.S.S. Arizona. Father Schmitt entered the Navy in July, 1939, from the Archdiocese of Dubuque, and served with Ma- rines at Quantico before going to sea. He was aboard the U.S.S. Oklahoma when it capsized during the Japanese attack. Trapped in a small compartment with several men, the only means of escape was through a small, porthole. "With unselfish disregard for his own plight," the Navy citation states, he assisted his shipmates through the porthole. "While his shipmates were in the process of rescuing him his body became wedged in the narrow opening," the citation adds. "Realizing that other men had come into the com- partment looking for a way out, Chaplain Schmitt insisted that he be pushed back into the ship so that they might leave. Calmly urg- ing them on with a pronouncement of his blessing, he remained behind while they crawled out to safety." For such "distinguished heroism and sublime devotion to his tel- T O N Y A N CONSTRUCTION CO. GENERAL CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS Phone McHenry 152 West McHenry Illinois bage I, News see. lawmen," he was awarded posthu- mously, the new Navy and Marine Corps Medal. In June, 1943, a destroyer escort vessel, the U.S.S. Schmitt, was named in his honor. His body was not identified among those recov- ered. (Father Schmitt's utter disre- gard for his own safety recalls the bravery of Father Matthew C. Gleeson, of New York, Navy Chap- lain from 1903 to 1925, who re- ceived a citation for valor from President The'adore Roosevelt, for his action during a turret explosion on the U.S.S. Missouri in 1904. In World War I, Father Gleeson was commissioned the first Fleet Chap- lain.) Catholic Chaplain Missing Also carried on the Navy's cas- ualty records since May 15, 1942, is the name of one Chaplain, of- ficially recorded as "Missing in tile Asiastic theater." He is Father John Joseph McGarrity, Lieut., .U. S.N.R., priest of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. Chaplain McGar- rity was serving aboard the U. S. S. Langley, converted aircraft ten- der, hit in the Java Sea Battle. He was picked up by the tanker Pecos when the crew abandoned ship. However, the Pecos, shortly after was reported sunk by the enemy. The office of the Navy's Chief of Chaplains lists the deaths of three other members of the Corps who died in the United States. One of these, Father Thomas J. Knox, Lieut. Cored. U.S.N., of Savannah, McHenry ii I Lumber, Fuel McHENRY LUMBER CO. Lumber, Millwork and Fuel Phone, McHenry 46 I 1 Automobiles Schwermenn Chevrolet Sales Poul H. Schwermann General Repairing SHELL Gas and Oil Phone 277 Corner U. S. 12 and ILLINOIS 20 died in March, 1943, while serving as Catholic Assistant to the Chief of Chaplains, U. S. Navy. Among the six Naval Chaplains officially reported as "Prisoners of War," is Father Francis Joseph McManus, Lieut. UoS.N., priest of the Diocese of Cleveland. Appointed to the Navy Chaplain Corps in November, 1936, Father McManus was Chaplain of the U.S.S. Can- opus 'when it was bombed in Mari- veles Harbor, Bataan, P. I. He was awarded the Navy's Silver Star Medal, for "his heroism and intre- pidity in combat and distinguished service (luring the Japanese at- tack of December 29, 1941. "When an armor piercing bomb exploded in'the vicinity of the after maga- zine crushing or exploding 70 rounds of ammunition, killing six men and wounding six others, and starting fires in adjacent compartments, Chajlain McManus,". his .citatin records, "with complete dmregard Crystal Lake Hardware Raue Hardware Co. PAINTS AND OILS PLUMBING HEATING Phone 189 I Those Who Advertise Will Serve You Wet, Favor Them With Your Patronage ill I THOMAS B. MERWIN Furniture, Undertakingl ' "I PHONES $6 ena AMBULANCE SERVICE . FUNERAL HOME I 11 Woodstock, lillnoia 214 MAIN STREET I '/ "1 ' .I Woodstock I I I II JEN-A-SEE LAUNDRY ALL LAUNDRY SERVICES m DRY CLEANING We Own and Operate Our Own Dry Cleaning Unit 410 Clay Street Woodstock, Illinois Phone 655 Drugs Pfeiffer Pharmacy PRESCRIPTION DRUGGISTS The Drug Store for Everybody PHONE 434 i i i Jeweler F. T. FERRIS, Jeweler Telephone 537 Fine Watch Work Gnd Jewelry lRepairing o Specialt II RILEY & RILEY FOOD SHOP MOBIL OIL anti GAS BENDIX HOME LAUNDRIES--It Washes, Rinses and Dries Automatically Open All Day Sunday Woodstock Observer Advertisers Merit Your Patronage ,/. Because They Help Muke This Paper Possible I I II for his own safety, entered the Australian Priest Walked 26 Miles smoke and steam filled engine room, assisted in removing the wounded andadministeredtheLast To Say Mass For Americans Rites to the dying." Only U. S. Navy Chaplain thus far to receive the award of the Legion of Merit is Father Frederic P. Gehring, C.M., of Brooklyn, Lieut. U.S.N.R., who served with the Marines on Guadalcanal. His citation records that he "voluntar- ily made three hazardous expedi- tions through enemy-occupied ter- ritory, aided by native scouts to evacuate missionaries trapped on the island, frequently visited the front lines and was a constant source of encouragement to the 1Varine and Army units under con- tinual attack by the enemy." Fath- er" Gehring was also awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal. Other Priests Commended Also commended for his service with the U. S. Marines is Father James J. Fitzgerald, Lieut. U.S. N.R., of Chicago, who received a Letter of Commendation from the headquarters of the South Pacific Force, "for meritorious conduct in action," on Tulagi Island, in Aug- ust, 1942. Father Matthew F. Keough, Lieut. U.S.N.R., of the Philadelphia Archdiocese, is one of two Navy Chaplains privileged to wear the Presidential Unit Citation ribbon, awarded to the First Marine Division, "for outstanding perform- ance in action." He also is the re- cipient of a Letter of Commemla- tiQn, "for loyalty and courage," from the Secretary of the Navy and received the award of the Purple Heart Medal for wounds received in action. Father Arthur F. Mc- Quaid, Lieut. U.S.N.R., of Lowell, Mass., who entered the Navy in 1940, was injured and severely burned when his ship fought an en- gagement in the South Pacific, in November, 1942, for which he was awarded the Purple Heart. Chap- lain McQuaid attributes his recov- ery to the prompt administration of blood plasma. He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Com- mander, July I, 1943. Many Chaplains have served in the U. S. Navy for long terms of service. Among these is Father Thomas F. Regan, of the Archdio- cese of Milwaukee, Captain, U.S.N., now stationed at the U. S. Naval Hospital in San Diego. He is the oldest Catholic Chaplain in point of service in the Navy, and was commissioned on April 13, 1917. Father William A. Maguire, Ne- wark, Captain, U.S.N., now Force Chaplain (Pacific) Fleet Marine Forces, and author of "Rig for Church," was commissioned June 22, 1917. He holds the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism during: World War I. Ranking Catholic Chaplain of the United States Navy is Rear Admiral John J. Brady, (Retired), of New York, holder of the Navy Cross and the Army's Distinguished Service Cross for heroic service with the U. S. Marines in World War I. Monsignor Brady is one of two Chaplains to hold the rank of Rear Admiral. He now serves as Vicar Delegate for Off-shore Atlantic Bases and Canal Zone, by appoint- ment of the Military Ordinariate. Corps Constantly Growing On August 1, 1943, more than 1,500 Chaplains were on duty.with our naval forces. However, this number is constantly expanding to meet the needs of the service. In addition to the men commissioned as Chaplains in the Regular Navy and the Naval Reserve there are many Catholic "Auxiliary Chap- lains," appointed by the Office of the Military Ordinariate, and these render great assistance. Last but not least in this brief chronicle of the Chaplains who serve our sea-going forces, mention must befmade of the Chaplains with thd United States Maritime Service. At present some 15 Cath- olic priests are numbered among the 29 Chaplains in this fiehl of service. They are commissioned directly from civil life and all are serving ashore at training centers. These Chaplains are headed by a i Catholic priest, Father Leo W. Madden, of New York, who has the rank of Lieutenant Commander, U.S.M.S. His title is Chief of Chap- lains of the Training Organization of the War Shipping Administra- tion. No deaths have occurred in this branch of our chaplain ser- vices. Vatican War Aid Chicago.The work of the Vat|- can in connection with prisoners of war was praised in an article titled, "Johnny Doughboy, Prison- er," which appears in current issue of the American Legion Imblished here. New Orleans, Oct. 25.-(NC)IWriting to the Most Rev. Joseph F. Rummel, Archbishop of New Orleans, Law- rence W. Cross, chief petty officer in a Naval Construction Battalion in the Southwest Pacific tells of an Australian priest who is devoting his life to the natives and who walked 26 miles to say Mass and give Holy CommlJnion to American soldiers anti saib)rs. Petty Officer Cross speaks of really appreciating for the first time the sacrificial lives of Cath- olic missionaries. "I will always give my share," he writes, "to an v missionary col- lection wherever 1 will be and will always remember the missionary priests as long as I live." Recounting his meeting with the Australian missionary, he writes: "About four days after we lamled a native messenger came to look for someone in the crowd who was a Catholic. I spoke up. This na- tive messenger had a note from a mmsionary priest asking for some war news . . . I wrote him a note and gave him what news we had. ."It took the native 15 hours to walk back to the missionary priest and after the latter had received the note he decided to come to us. This was 26 miles distant and he had no transportation, so he walk- ed the 26 miles to say Mass and give the Holy Sacrament. He stayed several days, and before we left he came and spent several more (lays with us. "I asked the p:'iest how he knew we were on the island. He said he had been notified by the native tom-tom. We were the first Amer- icans he had evcl seen. "That priest surely will go to heaven as be has sacrificed all his life to these native people to teach them the Catholic religion and help civilize them. The natives love him. There are two mission- ary priests: one who is very old anti has been there 35 years, and the younger priest who has been there five years and expects to re- main for life. We gave him a donation as he needs all the help he can get." Hospital Sister Severely Burned By Altar Candle DeKalb.--Sister Mary Joseph, superintendent of St. Mary's hos- pital, was severely burned about the face and arms last Sunday af- ternoon. She was preparing the altar for the afternoon Benediction when her veil caught on fire from a candle. The flames quickly spread about the upper portion of her body and severely burned her about the neck and chest before the flames could be quenched. Sis- ter Mary Joseph, who was head of the hospital for several years when the institution first opened, had re- turned to her former charge only two months ago from Mercyville sanitarium near Aurora. If you ever feel pretty impor- tant and self-satisfied try borrow- ing 50 bucks from someone.--Man- kato Western Advocate. Spring Grove Fuel, Lumber TIBBITS-CAMERON LUMBER COMPANY A W. SCHMELTZER, Manager" Telephone Richmond 364 Lumber and Building Material Cement/ Coal, Feed and Peinh Sycamore I Funeral Director KEBIL As Near As Your Teleph,me Automobiles BUICK, PONTIAC, GMC TRUCKS L.otest. Modeln Equipment--Body and Moto Works--"Stondard Oil" Products Sycomore's Most Up to Date Lubricating Dept.--Day and Night Service FARGO GARAGE I St. Anthony Hospital School of Nursing =onducted by the Sisters ot St. Francis "rode "A" Training School Accredded )y A.M.A., American College of Sur- 3eons and the Illinois Deportment at qegistrotlon and Education. Four Years High School Required Address: DirectresI Rockford, Illinois NELSON & RONAN Funeral Directors B1O OAK STREET telephones 196 or 1190 DE KALB ILLINOIS Guldbeck & Eckstrom General Contractors Dealers in Building Matett@l 1224 E. Lincoln Highway PHONE 744 DeKalb. III. DUFFY O MODEEN BRILLIANT BRONZE STATION Phone 102 First and Locusl Streets RADIOS FIRESTONE [ BATTERIES TIRES ACESSORIES DeKalb I The New Wirtz Funeral Home Fifth and Pine Phone 804 Staff ' " W. W. WIRTZ R.J. CLAXTOt W. F. ROCHE Gasoline, Oil DEKALB INDEPENDENT OIL CO. Dealer in HIGH GRADE BURNING OILS LUBRICATING OIIS -- GREASES Phone 99 4th L Lincoln Highway | Please Patronize The Advertisers Who Patronize The Observer Wall Paper Paint Paints - Oil - Glass HILANDS 124 E.,LINCOLN HIGHWAY TEL. 462 Druggist TILL S S De Kolb, IIIinolI Every. Inch e Drug Store Perry Still, R. Ph. Floyd Still, R. PI PHON E---7 I DE KALB ILL. WM. M. MERCER R. PH. G. H. McGINTY R. PH.