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Rockford, Illinois
October 29, 1944     The Observer
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October 29, 1944

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OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE r OCTOBER 29, i944  A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED 1"O Till INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH  VOL. IX, NO. 49 Tells Church View On Education Aid Urges Women To Work Against Moral Evils Toledo, Oct 23, (NC) Vigor ously denouncing several national publications, some of which, he said, are "favorites among some Catholic women," for lending sup- port to the Planned Parenthood movement, the Most Rev. John F. Noll, Bishop of Fort Wayne, and l Episcopal Chairman of the Lay Or- anizations Department National: atholic Welfare Conference, told! the twenty-second annual conven- tion of the National Council of Catholic Women here that the Catholic element ill United States )eeds strong and powerful Divine Strength to protect itself against the birth control drive endanger- ing the Christian family today. Bishop Noll spoke at the open- tng business session of She Con- vention this afternoon following the Solemn Pontifical Mass which officially opened the convention this znorning. Warning that the birth control evil is becoming more widespread, Bishop Noll presented facts in the form of nation-wide polls, includ- ing one by George Gallup, purport- ing to show that 83 per cent of the women of America are not un- favorable to it. "The evil, like that of divorce ts mainly an urban evil," he said, "which explains why Catholics are apparently influenced more by the state of mind of their co-citizens than by the Church." Exhorting his listeners to 'pay lap heed to literature being dis- tributed by the Planned Parent- hood Federation to the effect that birth control is necessary "for lnaintenance of health and pre- vention of disease," that it is "an economic necessity," that is is "moral" and a "most important phase of social service," Bishop Noll revealed what he described as deliberate attempts omthe part of the Planned Parenthood Fed- eration to mislead Catimlic women. Leaflets circulated among wo- men workers, he declared, contain- ed part of an address delivered at a State convention of social wel- fare agencies misrepresenting and falsifying the Church's position vith regard to the birth control evil. Describing in strong terms the evils of Communism and pointing out that "its followers and sym- pathizers ar'e to be found mainly nl the ranks of labor" Bishop Noll urged Catholic working men and women to infiltrate labor "with the Christian spirit in a quiet but organized way." Outlining a plan in this con- ection which would, if carried out he said, "render a grand Christian service to the entire community in which you live," Bishop Nell stressed that the program of such groups should be positive rather than negative, "that is, it should be pro-God, pro-decency, rather than anti-anything. He strongly suggested that Catholic families make their in- fluence felt religiously, morally and spiritually on non-Catholic neigh- bors. "Give them a Catholic pamphlet once a month on some moral top- to," he said, "and every person m the city would soon be reached." Bishop Nell also suggested that Catholics write to editors of news- ,apers and magazines when they offend against decency," register resentment against "objectionable articles sold at the neighborhood drug store," and protest against =the showing of objectionable novies." ,, ,P , An apostolate for Christ, Bis- hop Nell concluded, "like a war or even a football game, cannot win a victory by defensive tactics only. It must be conducted" on prudent offensive lines." General MacArthur Promises Liberation Of Philippines Washington, Oct. 23,--(NCI "By the Grace of Almighty God our force stands again on Philip- pine soil, soil consecrated in the blood of our two peoples." With these words, General Mac- Arthur by radio proclaimed to the people of the Philippines his return, accompanied by President Sergio Osmeno with members of Jnis Cab- inet, and all those who escaped from Corregidor with the General in 1942. "This is the voice of freedom, General MacArthur speaking," were the opening words of the broadcast. And it closed with these stirring words: "For your homes and hearts, strike. For future generations of your sons and daughters, strike. For the land of your sacred birth, strike. "Let no heart be faint. Let every arm be steeled. The gui- dance of Divine God points to the way. Follow In His Name to the Holy Grail of righteous victory." Prayers For Liberation Of Netherlands Offered In England And Curacao London, Oct. 23,--(NC) Maj. A.F.M. Monchen, senior chaplain of the Netherlands Armed Forces, was the celebrant of a Solemn Mass recently at the Brompto n Oratory here as a day of special intercession for the people of Oc- cupied .Holland was observed in all Catholic Churches of Britain, according to Aneta, official Neth- erlands news agency, e The day was set aside by the Most Rev. Bernard Griffin, Arch- bishop of Westminster, at the re- quest of the Netherlands Premier, Pieter S. Gerbrandy, who asked that the prayers be offered for the people in Holland who now face famine, cold and inundation under Nazi control. --Killed in Action Capt. Thomas Edmund Mooney,' 38 (above). priest of the Arch- diocese of Kingston, Ont., is the rst Canadian Catholic ehaplaht l reported killed in action. At the me of his death. September 1,' o was serving vith the Can,o d= ,. 8etum. {.c.w.o.), Catholic Girl Scouts To Be Honored Oct. 29 Bishop Boylan To Preside; Father Richter Will Deliver Sermon His Excellency, the Most Rev. John J. Boylan, D.D., Bishop of Rockford, will welcome the girl scouts of the diocese, their lead- ers, parents and friends at the first annual observance of Catholic Girl Scout Sunday in St. James pro- cathedral at 3:00 p. m. on Sunday, Oct. 29. Ceremonies for girl scouts of the diocese in observance of the day will begin in their parish churches Sunday morning and cul- minate in services at the pro-cathe- dral that afternoon. The Rev. Norbert Richter, as- sistant pastor of St. Patrick's i church, Rockford, will deliver the sermon at the services in Rock- ford. Fathor Richter, during the past three years, has displayed a deep interest in scout work. Both the boy scout and girl scout troops of St. Patrick's parish under his spiritual direction and inspiration have contributed much to the de- velopment of young people In the parish. The selection of Father Richter as the speaker for the first observance of Girl Scout Sunday in the diocese will give those en- gaged in the work outside of his own parish an opportunity to hear Father Richter and to learn the motive and the purpose of Catholic scout activity. Scouting for boys has been car- ried on under Catholic auspices in the diocese of Rockford ahnost from the day boy scouts were established as a national youth activity. In recent years with the development of the girl scout movement, troops have been formed in many pal'- ishes." At present there are 30 troops in the Rockford diocese. Catholic girls in scout work in the diocese number approximately 1,000. Girl scouts in troops spon- sored by parishes or schools and all Catholic girl scouts of the dio- cese have been invited to partici- pate in thee observance of Girl Scout Sunda'" y. All Catholic girl scouts tn the diocese have been informed of the program for the day which begins with the reception of Holy Com- munion in their own parish churches. In the afternoon the girl scouts and leaders, relatives and friends, will assemble in Rockford at the pro-cathedral for the spe- cial ceremonies of the day. At the pro-cathedral services will begin at 3:00 o'clock. Spiritual bou- i quets from all diocesan girl scout i troops will be presented to His Excellency, the least Reverend Bishop and the Bishop will address all in attendance. i Bishop Boylan will impart Pon- tifical Benediction at the conclusion of the ceremonies in the cathedral. i The Bishop will be assisted by Rev. Leo Ambre, deacon and Rev. Wil- i liam Kriegsman, subdeacon. The i Rev. Louis Franey, chancellor of the diocese, will be master of cere- monies. The Rev. Francis P. Mc- Nally, diocesan director of scout- ing, has prepared the program and made arrangements for the ob- servance of the first annual Girl Scout Sunday in the diocese of Rockford. The temporary diocesan committee on scouting consists of the following members: Mrs. C. T. Weibler, Mrs. M. B. St. John, Mrs. Samuel Zoonor, Mrs. Einar T. John- son, Mrs. P. M. Schrempf, Mrs. John MacDonald, Mrs. Frank Buck- Icy, Mrs. A. B. Culhane, Sister Marie Immaeulee, Sister Rose An- thony. Girl Scout Speaker The Rcv. Norbert Richter Three Chaplains Thought Japs; Escape Death Washington, Oct. 23 (NC)- Three Catholic priests serving as Army chaplains "somewhere in the South Pacific" escaped being mow- ed down by American rifle fire along with several aides, it is re- lated in a censor-approved report from one of the chaplains, the Rev. Herve M. Trebaol, priest of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Fath- er Trebaol's letter was made public by the War Department. He said he was induced by Lt. Col. John K. Connclly, priest of the Diocese of Sacramento, to go along with him and the Rev. Char- les Forysth, O.S.B., formerly sta- tiohed in the Archdiocese of Den- ver, on a mission somewhere in- side Japanese lines to salvage sac- red vessels and religious articles in an abandoned village. The report stated that the priests faced constant danger of being spotted by Japanese snipers as they made their way through the jungle to the village. They were forced to sleep in a "lean-to of woven )alm fronds that had served the Nipponese at one time," in an aban- doned Japanese area, "with rotted corpses and skeletons lying about." The following day, Father Tre- baol related, as they neared the village, they spotted a group of soldiers. One of the chaplains' party shouted "They are Japanese." They decided however to approach the group instead of fleeing. It turned out the soldiers were an i American patrol, and their leader, a lieutenant, told the chaplains that he was just about to fire on them when he heard the cry "They are Japanese." The lieutenant also told tho priests that if their party had turned and fled he would have given the order to fire. In the abandoned village, he re- lated, they found several statues broken or riddled with bullets the base of a chalice, some candle- sticks and a number of other arti- cles, some of which were salvaged. Fifth Polish Catholic Chaplain Reported Slain m London, Oct. 23,--(NC)-- One more Polish Military Chaplain has gone from the group which ac- companies the Polish soldiers in the Italian and Western Fronts, according to KAP, Polish Catho- lic Press Agency. Rev. Captain Thomas Samulski of the Poznan Archdiocese is the fifth Polish Chaplain to lose his life during the last few months. He was killed in an air crash on September 24, TFederal Plan Raises Issue Of Equality NCWC Director Notes Disposition To Include Parochial Schools By the Very Rev. Msgr. Frederick G. Hochwalt, Director N.C.W.C. Department of Education At the recent White House Con- ference on Rural Education, to which representatives of non-tax- supported schools were not invited, the President of the United States put himself flatly on record as fav- oring Federal support of education where such aid is needed. For the last twenty years, the National Education Associa- tion has sponsored a Federal-aid- to-education bill but has not suc- ceeded in getting it by Congress. The National Education Associa- tion declares that it favors Federal aid without Federal control. Pres- ident RooSevelt also insisted that "Government interference" be out- lawed. Speaking on this issue, tho President said: "Government financial aid should, of course, never involve Govern- ment interference with State and local adrinistration and control. It must purely, and simply provide the guarantee that this country is big enough to give to all its children the right to a free ed- ucation." The phrase "all of its children" provides food for thought. Issue can be taken with the inclusiveness of the word "all." To date every })it of legislation seeking Federal aid for education has sought to obtain this for the public schools alone. Private schools have been excluded from participating in the distribution of funds in proposed legislation. Yet the welfare of all children is held to be at stake. A Sincere Proposal i In late August the American Federation of Teachers went on record favoring a measure which would grant $200,000,000 annually to equalize educational opportuni- ties among the States, with the provision that Federal funds "shall be administered by the public ed- ucational authority of each State without prejudice to any child with- Continued on page 4, News See. Italian Paper Denounces Communists' Aggressions, Attacks On Catholics Vatican City, Oct. 23--(NC)--II Popolo, Italian newspaper publish- ed in Rome, denounces acts of ag- gression and violence committed by communists against Catholics, com- menting on reports from both the northern and the southern parts of liberated Italy. The paper insists on the need of restraining these attacks. In Piss, it says, the Most Rev. Gabriele Vettori, Bishop of Piss, was the sole authority during 70 days of military operations and provided refuge in the Cathedral and relief for the few thousands of inhabitants remaining in the city. The City Council, I! Popolo eon- tinues, following liberation of Piss, extended a vote of thanks to the Bishop for his efforts to aid the populace during the fighting, but the communist mayor omitted to note this resolution of thanks in his public declaration to the people. The paper notes that about half the administrative units in Piss province are in the hands of com- munist mayors, with the city halls becoming seats of the communist party and official expositions being given to party member,