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October 26, 1941     The Observer
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October 26, 1941
 

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|n Three Sections OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE NEWS Section i, OCTOBER 26, 194! A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH VOL. Vl, NO. 413 Document Reveals Nazi Plan To Wipe Out Slovene Nation Force Moving Of People, 97 Per Cent Catholic, 1,000 Miles South" Following receipt recently of carefully-checked information con earning the widespread persecution of religion ill Nazi-conquered Slo- venia, there has been received in this country a remarkable docu- ment, the authenticity of which is indisputable, which reveals that the German aim is to wipe out, by dis- persal and other means, the Slo- vene people, 97 per cent of whom are Catholics. The document chronicles the aany acts of oppression inflicted pon the Slovenes since the Nazis invaded Jugoslavia and declares that after June 1, last, "even more terrible calamity began for this un- fortunate nation." "In order to wipe out the Slo- vanes in the shortest time possible and take away the beautiful lands tilled by them since the fifth cen- tury," the document states, "Hitler began to transport the Slovenian intelligentsia and nationally-consci- ous peasants into Serbia. The dis- tance is a good thousand miles to the south, where malaria is ram- pant and the inhabitants are ex- tremely poor and primitive. The exiles have no food, no houses, no clothes. Forced Emigration "According to the latest reports, this forced emigration from the na- tive soil has reached the staggering um of 100,000 Slovenes." The inhabitants of Slovenia, a lrovince of the former Jugoslavia, are a very religious and highly cul- tured people, a prologue to the documents states. They have adorn, cd their land with many churches and the country's literary produc- tion, prior to the German invasion, amounted to from 2,000 to 4,000 books annually, it is stated. Close ties with the United States are noted in the prologue, which mentions that more than 300,000 Slaveries reside in this country. Also mentioned is the fact that be- ginning in 1831 and continuing to the p.resent Slovenia has sent many mssmnarms to America, best " known among them being the illus- trious Bishop Baraga, first Ordin- ary of the Diocese of Marquette, Mich., and his successors, Bishop Mrak and Bishop Vertin; Bishop Stariha, first Ordinary of the' Dio- cese of Lead, S. Dak., now the Dio- cese of Rapid City, and Bishop .Trobec of St. Cloud. Referring further to the trans- portation of Slaveries into Serbia, the document says: "These victims are sent into Ser-[ bia after they have first been sub-I jected to nervous strain in various i jails and torture chambers. The I common people are being sent down i in mass groups. In most cases this j is the process: ! ',Around 10 o'clock in the evening the streets in towns or villages are barricaded with machine guns. The soldiers and Gestapo break into houses, allow the people ten rain- Continued on Page 4, News Sec. Parish Visitors Help Pastors Take Census Of Diocese As directed by His Excellency, the Most Rev. Bishop, at the re- cent conference of the clergy, pas- tors of the Diocese are making a census of the Catholic population. Many of the pastors have secured the assistance of a religious com- mittee known as parish visitors who call upon all the people in the community and thus determine those who are Catholic and those who are not. Complete returns will be made to the Chancery Office on the annual report of the pastors. OUR SUNDAY VISITOR, NOTRE DAME HOSTS TO PRESS MEETING \\; Very Rev. J. Hugh O'Donneil, C.S.C. Rt. Rev. Msgr. Peter M. H. President of Notre Dame Wynhoven, President of the University Bishop J. I,'. Nell, D.D. Catholic Press Association OUR SUNDAY VISITOR and the University of Notre l)ame united on Thursday, Friday and Satur- (lay of this week in welcoming to their respective homes the Midwest Regional Meeting of the Catholic Press Association. On Thursday there was hehl in Huntington a meeting of the Executive Board of the C. P. A. On Friday a general meeting was to be hehi at the home of OUR SUNDAY VISITOR, and on Saturday the delegates were to be the guests of the Rev. J. Ilugh O'Donnell, C.S.C., President of the University, at a luncheon anti at the Notre l)ame-Illinois Tootball game. At the lunch- con meeting the Press group will l)e addressed by the Most Rev. John F. Nell, D.D., Editor of OUR SUNDAY VISITOR, and Father O'Donnell. At the meeting in Huntington the delegates will hear Clarence F. Manion, Dean of the Law School at Notre Dame University, on "The Press anti Americanism." Other speakers and their subjects are: Simon Bahlus, Editor of Extension Magazine, "The Catholic Press and the War"; Tom Barry, Notre Dame Publicity Director, "Serving the Catholic Press"; the Rev. Edward Graham, Associate Editor of the Telegraph-Register of Cincinnati, "The Press and Current Communist Propaganda"; Clifford B. Ward, Managing Editor of the Fort Wayne News-Sentinel, "Catholic News and the Secular Prcs"; the R::v. H. H. Ross, Editor of the Peoria Register, "Promoting the Catholic Press." The above papers will be discussed in the order named, by the Rev. I)onahi F. Miller, C.SS.R., Edi- tor of The Liguorian, Oconomowoc, Wis.; lhe Rev. A. M. Fitzpatrick, Editor of the Universe Bul- letin, Cleveland; the Rev. Theophane McGuire, Editor of The Sign, Union City, N. J., and by Mr. F. A. Fink, Associate Editor of OUR SUNDAY VISITOR. Monsignor Wynhoven, pictured with Bishop Nell and Father O'Donnell, above, is president of tim Catholic Press Association, and the Rev. Edward V. Dailey, Editor of the New World, Chicago, :)resident of the Midwest Region. C artcje In Attitude Toward The Cht00rch In Nexico Evidenced At Great 1300adalupe Festival Bishop Gannon Writes Of Memorable Ceremonies At Famous Shrine Archbishop Cantwell Honored As Friend Of Mexican People--Blessing Of Roses, Flags Of All Americas Among The Outstanding Events BY BISHOP JOHN MARK GANNON OF ERIE Bishop Gannon is the Episcopal Chairman of the Press Department of the N.C.W.C., and Chairma of the Bishops' Committee for the Montezuma Seminary. His Excellency is particularly amiliar with Mexico and its problems, having visited that country on previous occasions. Mexico City, Oct. 17.--I attended' the celebration of recent days at the great Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in this Mexican capital. It was the occasion of the Dis de la Raza, on which also were commem- orated the crowning of the Virgin of Guadalupe and the anniver- sary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. I am still under the spell of that mpressive observance. It was as colorful, as beautiful, and particularly as devout, a cere- mony as I have ever seen in any Catholic edifice in any part of the world. Blessing of Roses, Flags It was truly Catholic--reverent- ial on the part of the laity and clerg.y--and filled with beautiful meanings. I mention only two of them. There was the blessing of the roses--bushels of them--for e Virgin. And there was the kessitg of the great flags, one for e ch  a' ion of the Americas. These flags symbolically represented the tP[acing of all these nations under m protection of the Virgin I lathe r. I rejoiced to note that in the procession, the Stars and Stripes were given a prominent place. I observed particularly that even though it was the "day of the race," the generous persons in charge did not omit the flags of their non-Latin brothers of the Western Hemisphere--Canada as wells as the U. S. Virtually all of the members of ! the Hierarchy of Mexico were pres- ent. Particular honors were given Archbishop Cantwell of Los An- leS, who pontificated at the High us. There was no lack of ap- preciation for this outstanding American prelate who has been the ardent friend of the very numerous Mexicans within his Archdiocese and with the beautiful Spanish Me'bile Drive Returns 796 Fallen-Aways Mobile, Ale., Oct. 17.--A total of 796 estranged Catholics return- ed to the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Mobile in the course of this year's drive to bring back fallen-away Catholics, according to figures released by the Most Rev. Thomas J. Toolen, Bishop of Mo- bile. The greater number of those re- claimed have been brought back to the Sacraments after a lapse of a year or two years, but some hod been away for as long as 65 years. In the same drive there also were 20 conversions, 31 marriages validated, and 234 baptisms. name, and who led am impressive group of priests and lay people to the celebration from the United States. The Coadjutor Archbishop of Morelia preached an eloquent sermon. Motion pictures were taken of the impressive ceremonies and ae I understand, to be shown in all parts of the Americas. New Attitude Toward Church IIow was such a commanding Catholic ceremony possible in Mexico ? There is a change in the attitude of the Government in this country. While the laws that hamper reli- gion are still in effect, religious groups are comparatively free to carry on their activities. Interpre- tations have been made. Catholic- ity is quite evident and it is excel- lent Catholicity here. Of course, secularism is evident too.. Here is an indication: I met about 80 Mexican priests, all in lay clothing. But the California priests, who were numerous, were clerical garb, including clerical collars. This was a concession of the Government in honor of Arch- bishop Cantwell's wish. I visited one church on Friday at the close of the Forty Hours' De- votion, and found it jammed with the faithful. I visited another par- ish church in the afternoon and found 800 children under catecheti- Continued on page 4, 'News See. Private Charities Seen As Essential To U. 5. Welfare America Destined To Be The World's 'Good z" Samaritan' Houston, Tex., Oct. 19.--Private charities, "voluntary service to' one's brother in need," were cited here today as "indispensable con- tributions to the welfare of Ame- rica," by the Rev. Bryan J. Mc- Entegart, President of the Na- tional Conference of Catholic Ckarities, at the first general meeting of the Conference's twenty-seventh annual convention being held here. Saying that private, voluntary charity has been "stifled" by total- itarian governments, Father Mc- Entegart asserted that "we Ame- ricans would be blind indeed, if we did not think of the years that are to come." U. S. Will Show Mercy "Whatever the result of the ti- tanic struggle abroad," he added, "one thing is certain. After the war, millions of men, women and children in ruined lands will look to us with hunger in their eyes, begging for bread, clothes and a chance to live. No one who knows our history can doubt our re- spa.use. We shall not pass by un- concerned because these victims arc of another race. We shall show mercy to them as neighbors in the highway of life. America is destined to be the Good Samar- itan of the world." Labor unions "are destined to be an important bulwark of American idemocracy," at the conclusion of the war, but must "plan their ac- tion in conformity with the wel- fare of all the people," Father McEntegart said. Pointing out that the Federal Social Security Act wouht be im- proved with "further modifications based on the careful application of social security principles and not on the exigencies of defense fin-' ancing," Father McEntegart stressed that "much remains to be done in meeting total national needs" particularly in relation to labor, rural life, health and youth. "It is our duty," he said, "to protect the rights of working men in every just way, to safegdard collective bargaining, to strength- en fair wage and hour laws, and to develop efficient agencies for the placement and retaining of work- ers." Three Essential Steps To prepare themselves for their Continued on pae 5, News See OFFICIAL The following appointments of His Excellency, the. Most Reverend Edward F. Hobart, S. r.D., Bishop of Rockford, for the coming week have been an- hounded by the Chancery Office: Sunday, Oct. 26--Administra- tion of the Sacrament of Con- firmation, St. James Pro-Cathe- firM, Rockford, 5 p.m. Monday, Oct. 27--Adminis- tration of the Sacrament of Confirmation, St. Mary's church, Morrison, 7:30 p.m. Wednesday, Oct. 29--Admin- istration of the Sacrament of Confirmation, St. Rita's church, Aurora, 7:30 p.m. Thursday, Oct. 30Adminis- tration of the Sacrament of Confirmation, St. Mary's church, Freeport, 7:30 p.m. J