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October 20, 1961     The Observer
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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1961 THE OBSERVER PAGE 5 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND ammars By ~ORMA KRAUSE HERZFELD JUST ONE MONTH before he died in the African bush, UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold presented to the 99 nations who have signed the UN Charter his report on the general character, authority and structure of the UN. "The Organization," he said, has now reached a state in its development where member nations may find it timely to clarify their views on the direction in which they would like to see the future work of the Organiza- I m ~ m tion d~velop." To help them make some important [] [] ~ [] choices, he analyzed two different concepts of the ~ [] ~ UN which have emerged since 1945. [] ~l Some members, he said, conceive of the UN [] iil}!::~i ~-~ as "a static conference machinery for resolving [] ~ ~i ~ii] conflicts of interest and ideologies with a view to I ~::~ iii~::~;~::i::}::i::i::i::i::i! iii~ peaceful coexistence, Titan the Charter, to be,| i iiiilR served hy a Secretariate which is to be regarded ~ ~l not as fully internationalized hut as representing I [] ~ within its ranks those very interests and ideo- ~j g ~ logics" - - L-ZvJn THIS IS THE SOVIET VIEW. It would replace the Secretary - oral, an executive able to act effectively, with a committee of three, each with a veto, representing the communists, the West and the neu- tral nations Such a UN would be completely unable to act and for all intents and purposes would be nonexistent The other conception of the UN, said Hammarskjold, is that of "a dynamic instrument of governments through which they, jointly and for the same purpose, should seek such reconciliation but through which they sholud also try to develop forms of executive action, un- dertaken on behalf of all members, and aiming at forestalling con- flicts and resolving them, once they have arisell, by appropriate dip- ons Priest-Doctor Gettin, Aid regard it as a failure of the world community, .through its member nations and in particular those most directly concerned, to cooperate in order, step by step, to make the Charter a living reality in practi- cal political action as it is already in law." WHEN THE trN WAS FOUNDED, he said, members were so pre- occupied with their principles, and international thinking at that time was so preoccupied with the conference pattern of organization, that little appeared in the Charter about the executive functions for carry- ing out decisions So in practice, said Hammarskjvld, the Assembly and Security Council have turned over decisions to the Secretary- General to be carried out. Thus the Secretary-General has become the major executive officer of the UN in all its political decisions, and, he said, the Secretariat can only carry out these delicate missions by remaining international and independent. Experience has shown, he continued, particularly in the work of furthering "self-determination, self-government and independence" for all peoples," that peaceful progress cannot be made within the framework of a conference-machinery concept "It is in the conflicts relating to the development toward full self-government and in- dependence that the Organ!zation has faced its most complicated tasks in the executive field, he pointed out significantly THUS, HAMMARSKJOLD WARNED all 99 nations that they ought to look at the UN Charter they signed and decide if they really meant it. And he told all the new weak nations which now hold the balance of power in th e UN that they above all need a strong UN S.HAR,NG OUR Of Druggists executiVegrowth, to protect their independence and help them achieve ALBUQUERQUE, New Mex.---- Certainly Hammarskjold was a martyr in the cause of world A young American priest-doctorI peace, but in a special way he was a martyr for the new countries, i fighting a one-man battle for his] He lost his life in a final attempt to end the civil war in the Congo. In the last year it was virtually Hammarskjold alone that kept World people against leprosy and otherI Wart III from breaking out over the Mrican ex-coiony, trying to sta- tropical diseases in Africa is get- bilize it and give it the time it never had to develop its own institu- ring badly needed help from drug- tions and resources to cope with independence. (When the Belgians ~ists of this city - - " 22" " pulled out for example there were no Congolese doctors On July ", ,' ', rnarmacls~s nero marnmg at the first two were graduated, and some 60 more are expecmu to ne .^~ i ~o ~ rme plight of lviaryknoll Missioner l~aUy u y J.~J,2,p [ -- . - PERSECUTED BY THE SOVIETS, hated by the Belgians, insult-iFather Jon.n R. Bergwa!l%of Mil- wauKee WlS, nave storms a two ed by the French, Dag Hammarskjold made his final peace effort tel, month campaign called "Tablets save the fmancmlly bankrupt UN and the shaky Republic of the Con-I, for Tanganyika' to send drugs go--a dangerous mght flight over armed enemy' territory m an old I ann suppaes m me priest's nosnl DC 6,- " " " tal in Busanda, Tanganyika Now the UN s keystone is gone. The Soviets are ready to reduce the organization to rubble. It is time for the nations to face up to Quiet Start Hammarskjold's views and decide what the UN is to be: a noisy con- The project started quietly terence, or a dynamic instrument for peace. It is time especially for when Robert O. Welk, an x-ray the new nations of Asia and Mrica to heed the advice of their dead technician at the veterans hospi- ;r tal here sent 1 700 bandages and friend and stand up and be counted in the interests of the" own sur-, 120 pounds of medmme to the 34 vival which depends on a strong UN able to carry out decisions " " year-old vmryknoll priest. effecUvely. . . . (Copyright 1961, The Catholic Reporter) Next, Welk mentioned the priest- doctor's pharmaceutical needs to members of the Pharmacy Alum- ni of New Mexico college and the New Mexico Pharmaceutical as- sociation. Both groups voted to lomatic or political means, in a spirit of objectivity and in implement- team up on the project. . . r9, shun of the principles and purposes of the Charte I, Father Bergwall received his THIS IS GENERALLY THE WESTERN V.IEW an d!o some eX-IREV" JOHN A. O'BRIEN, Ph.D. Faith' Important I "When I returned to the U.S.A 'These books as well as Mon- medical degree in 1953 from Mar- tent the neutral view, nut these two groups, nmerly a~ ooas over me, (University of Notre Dame) "There I met a lovely Catholic I I determined not to postpone any ] sigaor McManus made crystal i quette university after Navy liquidation of colonial empires, are not able to unite effectively I This is the age in which the girl, Ruth Larsen of Jersey City. I longer the step I had long plamied[clear the divine character of the iservice in the North China Unit. enough to achieve a strong organization. I their We began to date and soon we lto take I called on Monsignor/ca.h 1 I He then entered lVlaryknoll semi- lany are at tas~ coming into i t o m tmurcn wnue nor eli1 Hammarskjold reminded the 99 nations, who must have signedt 1. L. : ^n were deeply in love. As a little!Charles J. McManus, Director of j 2lnary to study for the foreign mis- the Charter (a legal and binding document) in a rather casual spirit, ]uw~ ey a~ e g.~ ~.~s~u girl, Ruth had embraced thelthe Catholic information eenterlcers ann memoers arenuman, nerision priesthood and was ordained [O ~axe an acuve par~ in me con that the Charter is based on five principles: equal political rights for vert a ostolate and in all othe; Faith and I could see how much at St. Patrick cathedral and took founder is divine and she pro- in June, 1959 He left immediate- nations, equal economic opportunities for nations, the rule of law, use I . P f it meant to her. Rain or shine, ]a complete course of instruction I claims His revealed truths with fly for a lifetime assignment in phases o~ me llIe o ule ~nurcn of armed force only in the common interest or in self-defense settle- I " she went to Sunday Mass and re- I read Lebreton s scholarly work ~ i ,m ~.~: ~ ^, Africa where he opened a 100-bed " I wa a new ann leasan~ex- = .ta* *~ au.*u.ty wt.c. nut. . . merit of all disputes by peaceful means in conformity w~th ]ustme and t ~ . s ^p . ~ . ceived Holy Communion. Occa- I History of the Primitive Church / I nosp~ai m me lvlaryKnon missmn perlence [orme z~ priests a~ oesmweu upon tier Hence sfle Ol~ international law. Not many nations practice these principles serious- / " sionally I went with her, We be-!and some of the works of Cardinal[ "l at Busanda. ly, but a ma'oritj y claim to hold them as ultimate ideals. The Sec-[ renmng me ~rmrUv )~auonm t.on-t came enga~ed,o and I received theI Newman and G. K. Chesterton, . I mrs zrom all man-maue cree~s as I Many n ~llp rotary-General stud ~t was difficult to reconcde the five pr'nc'~ ~ples/terence on ~on er~ work at ~ premamtal instructions from a heaven differs" from earth. ! " " machiner to en joseph seminary, ~onKers, ~.x . . I, . T~I~YA.NI~k, oapan.--Tne ~um- w~th the weT that the UN ~s merely a conference Y . "I i-k Franciscan Father at St. Franc~s[ L~.4 I ~.-,I [ With humble and grateful heart [ber One altar be, in this ~arish ran le m ns~en m a myman, ~reuer c A i" " ~II~ I#1! ~u~a~ . . ~ e able natmns to get together and w g / f "h Bristol Me er ~ ss sz church m New York I ~J [ I was recewed rote the true l is a man in his middle fifties who t~ unappeu o ~ e " Y I," I I - Church of Christ and made m UN MEMBERS, SAID HAMMARSKJOLD, often do not supportt~r, tell us of the need of tel-' After our marriage I got an~T,~,4 ,~ ~e~l i Ylconsiders himself quite experi- the recommendations voted by a majority of the General Assembly, l].w[n~, ~ recent c,mvert His even closer insight into the ~reatltt~t ~'~ tit *~'t t~'*~s~ first Holy Communion It was a fenced In the hast three months he and. often do not .even accept the dec,slons of the Secumty Council /talk was replete with nractical I help Ruth recewed from the prac- I vn~c~WnWN n (NC) -- A I red-letter day m my. calendar, and ]has served the Weddin~ Mass for whmh are, according to the Charter, mandatory. Even many nations tand timely suggestions " " [ rice of her Faith in living a holy f trend toward "impersonal collec I I can never sufficiently thank/his son and the Requiem Mass for God for the precious gift of the hi wife Father John rr S S which vote for such decisions later refuse to support or to pay for [ i "Hm If a i life. She was so radiantly happy t "] ' " / "s " . Co .C mew" ' ~,~ ~.~o :--"' """"" / .^ ~+as mr.~ ~nappeuookon s n se I after receivin-s Hob,~ ,~ ~,v.r .^ ] tivism' in educatmn ~s cmppang ~1 true. Faith . It was the good exam- I assistant~ pastor here, can further "A failure" said Hammarskjold "to gain respect for decisions [ ~.""'":~' :~ ." "~ . ~ I that I almost envied her that ]the personality of today's students, pie at my wzte that first attracted testify to his altar boy's famili- ' ' nlm to ~ell me*<~:~:*~:~:: me a h i i " ] nd t e d v ne foundatmn and arlt with thin s ecclesmstm A or actions of the Organization within the terms of the Charter ~s often [ how he came to ~ii~i!!i~ii~ pnvdege. I began to accompany t Bishop John J. Wright of Pitts- I .: - I Y g rrect to ~;~i~ her more fre uentl aumorlty of the Church as &s few Sunda s a o the Columban called a failure of the Organization. It would seem more co I,~,tov th~ Churoh ~i! iiiiiiii~ q y to Mass. I burgh told the Youngstown Dio-, ' ' ' "I Y g , ~::~:~: * :~ cmseu o m reaaln and b mlssmnar came rote the sacrlst 'l"I was reared i~::}::~}~i~i~ladmmed its ~mpresswe hturgylcesan Teachers InsUtute I. Y .Y. g Y Y Y ~:~:~:~::~:~::~ and the reverence of t~ ~. ~ ~vions~gnor ~v~c~vmnus mat con- and saw his altar bov havin~ a ] ~ . . . |tas a Methodist .~:~!i~l ae worsmp-[ "When I was in school I waslvinced me that the Catholic~" i " f "e " ~" "~ ""~ ,Jetrne t~esr . .o I . ~ ~;:~:~:~ :::~:~: ers . . or nK o war r--ou~ or tamer s I Ilia White Plains, i!~ Ex lain - "" known,as a person, the B~shoP[church is Christ's true Church" Inew chalice w- - a -- ' -- " " " N Y ' he relat ~~1 p s "reaenlngs Istated 'and all our teachers were P, SK /'or," :;*~ I lied, "and attend- ~1 "Ruth didn't urge me to join the persons, too . Teachers knew, ~'~""'~ I 'l|ltll| At l llff liedchurch and ~~l[the Church, but by her life she[our names, the names of our/I WgE .W I:t~m'RMI Wl:l:l .I:W~ "oterttng's Leaa" "ing al .namra -,: ,li Sunday o~chool ~}was spelling out day by(day the{brothers and sisters, how well well -. sa ~a =-- avvt~r~-h ~e =-kat ~-t~ II quite regularly I many advantages it has to offer l all behaved, and all about our/I ~ C^T ,'L'm o Fashion Center and I VELVET IlAfter graduating from Hamilton I My work took me to Latin Amer:Ifamily. [I ~ .~r~ ,~.~ C, re, I li college, I served four years in t ica and in Caracas, Venezuela I/ 'Now it is difficult to find lull .~.~< - ::)YKA~Ubt ~,~ I TWIN CITY I the armored cavalry. Upon re-[became well acquainted w,th car-/high school or college any em-ll -"" " vs. 14 EAST THIRD STREET [ PRODUCE CO I, turning to civilian life I got a jobllos Gracia. A devout Catholic,/phasis on a person. It's necessary /I " . ark CT^TC ai a sur rlgl~ll~l o//~/Ig l " with the North American Re s - t Carlos gladly explained many of Jthat everyone be a number. Other-/I Our 92nd Year [ Sterling Phone 184 ance Co. /the Church s teachings and, like[wise, how can they keep the rec-[| ~ L. =. =.-- ~ ~lmy wife, put them into practice]ords? Confounded records are be-/I :': SUN. 1 P.M. ~~- ~ ~ ~ Grade A i/in his daily life. /coming tremendously important." ]l ~ BEARS vs ATTENTION" ALL ILLINOIS ' Milk Products m / I .arnollc uoctrlne .ourse I, - . . II I II Rect0r,es--Sch001s--C0nvents.-Inst,tut,0ns !1 ma. m yrn tearl elndustrial Floor Machines eFI S I -- 1~--~1~1 L/-~I "$ p ~ " Industrial Vacuum oar ea s . L~l~'.~ ,~'~'--J~'l niL/~L~lbbYl-llPk tl'~)---A iree anyone, regaruless of religious a[-,Floor Wax ~.':.:'.:'.),~f ~L.~ correspondence course in Catholic filiation, e~/eaner,s . -- ,~ r.~::- ;',F ,'-"' -- MO S /VtO Ing belief and practice, conducted by Inquirers receive a textbook on P - PP eFIoor Cleaners-Finishes Your NON-PROFIT L OF THE U.S.A. Special Limited Enrollment Now Open in this Area HOSPITAL BILLS IN FULL Sami.orivate room. After small deductible. Not included, radium, blood plasma, phone and TV. UP TO $500.00 TOWARDS DOCTOR'S CALLS; HOME, OFFICE OR HOSPITAL YOU AN INCOME WHEN DISABLED BY SICKNESS OR ACCIDENT all at low non-profit rates ROCK FALLS DAIRY Phone Main 5-0913 DUBUQUE PACKING CO. Dubuque, Iowa SPECIAL FAMILY DINNER ,And BREAKFAST is A Special Treat After Church on MAIL It You Are a Catholic and Live in Illinois RO 10-20-61 To: Holy Family Society, 231 Ruby Street, Joliet, Ill. ! Ptease rush me FREE FACTS about the Society's NON- PROFIT health protection for Illinois Catholics ONLY. ' I am interested in" ! I-I Adding to My Present Plan [] Family Group Protectioni ['1 Individual Prolectlon[] Income Protecn(m I [] Low COst Life insuranca ] NAME 1 ADDRESS '. i | CITY STATE I AGE PARISH I --I Sunday. The Faust Takes Pride in Preparing the Choicest Menus. E. State at 4th Rockford seminarians, is now in its ninth Catholic belief and practice year Based on their reading they take Since its start in 1953, the Home five or six examinations, which Study Service of St. Charles are corrected and graded by semi- seminary here has answered some narians. 1,000 requests for information Receive Diploma fr i -uir One seminarian is assigned tc om nq ors In ~{ ioremn coun-, . tri~ ~i~ nrnvine~ nf Cnnndn a~ eacn inquirer and is availame to ~" -~ ":- answer any special questions. states and the D~stnct of Colum-, b,~.i" t Those. who. complete the course . J rece~ve a d~ploma. Take Examlnatmns The address of the Home Study Offered without cost or obliga- Service is St. Charles seminary, tion, the course is available to Overbrook, Philadelphia 51, Pa. NEW! BLUE STAR 12-PAK IIo~ of I~ Pkg - $9 CONERY TREE EXPERTS and LANDSCAPE CONTRACTORS since 1923 3327 North Main Rockford, Illinols TR 6-1811 To See The GREAT LINE Of 1962 At i YEAR GUARANTEED WARRANTY ON EVERY CAR WE SELL! You Can Buy A New Chevrolet At Any One of Our New Car Lots or 2 Showrooms at 330 S. Church ~ Rockford. Equipment "We furnish everything but the Janitor" ADVANCE Serving the Rockford Diocese Sanitary Maintenance Suppfies S24 West State Street Rockford WO 4-3132 You can bank on the Illinois National in more ways than onet. Build security for your future with SAVINGS When you deposit money regularly, even small amounts, you and your family are more secure. Open a Savings Account today. ,iiii!ii!iiiiiiiiiii!,!iiii!!!i i :::::'2:::': ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. South Main at Chestnut Complete banking services: Savings Accounts * Checki g Accounts Christmas Club Vacation Club Trust Services Safe Deposit Boxes Home & Property Improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mail, postage paid both ways Free Parking while you bank Drive-in Facilities Phone WO 3-3431 e MISSION SUNDAY October 22, 1961 MISSION SUNDAY is a day of hope for Missions in the United States and for Foreign Missions around the world. Missionary bishops and their missionary co-workers rejoice that generous Catholics, especial- ly in the greater United States unite in PRAYER and SACRIFICE on MISSION SUNDAY, for the struggling missions at home and overseas. MISSION SUNDAY is one special day in the year to be TRULY CATHOLIC for "the Mission- ary Spirit and the Catholic Spirit are one and the same." Unity in prayer for the Universal Mis- sion of the Church gives unity and life to our membership in the Mystical Body of Christ--- the Church. To share our material possessions with the needier members of the Church is to practice Charity in its most admirable defini- tion. Mission Sunday Highlights: UNDERSTANDING the International Mission of the Church. From every pulpit throughout the dio. cese this Sunday the World mission program of the Church is set forth. Appreciation of the Mission Apostolate in over seven hundred mission areas of the world sets the stage for the next step. PRAYER for the Mission Church at home and overseas is the first consequence of understanding. Above all else the Vicar of Christ begs for prayer this Mission Sunday. SACRIFICE for the material needs of the Mission Church in the United States and across the world. The Mission Church cannot function with any real success without OUTSIDE HELP. Let's face itl Most of this material help must come from the rich- est country in the world, and from the most gener- ous people: the Catholics of the united States. Fulfill Meaning of Generosity Mission Sunday is a day to recognize the heroic work of some 130,000 Missionaries around the world, who gladly give everything for the Propagation of the Faith It is also a day to give evidenc of this recognition by generous Almsgiving. May this giving fulfill the meaning of this precious word: GENER- OSITYo Mission Sunday is a day to be remindful of tho words of the illustrious Pope Plus XII: "CHARITY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE FAITH SURPASSES EVERY OTHER CHAR- ITY IN THE CHURCH; AS HEAVEN SUR- PASSES EARTH, AND ETERNITY, TIME!" In gratitude for the treasure of your Faith . . o make a generous return on Mission Sunday. ,| | | ,| , The Society for the Propagation of the . Faith 507 Avenue B, Sterling, Illinois I am enclosing my personal gift of $ for the support of Catholic Missions throughout the world. Name Address City