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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1961 THE OBSERVER PAGE 11 THEOLOGY FOR EVERYMAN That there can be no addition to what Christ taught does not mean that there can be no room for coufirmation, clarification and interpretation by the teaching authority of the Church. The sources of divine revelation to which the Church turns its attention are the sacred writings and tradition. This is not to minimize the importance of the Scriptures as is trequeutly charged by those who maintain "the one rule of faith the Bible" but to insure certain knowledge of all revealed truth. Deposit Of Faith By the deposit of faith is meant the truths which Christ Our Lord was sent to reveal and to preach for the acceptance of all men. There is question here of what is called public revelation, as distinguished from private revelations, made by God to particular individuals for their own interest and advantage. Public revelation is made for the benefit of the community as a whole. The revelation of the 01d Testa- ment was given for the benefit of the Chosen Petrie; the revelation of the New Testament is destined for the generality of men. THE TERM, "DEPOSIT OF FAITH," used to designate the revelation made by Our Lord to the Apostles as the basis of the New Testament, carries the further implication that ]~o objective incre- ment has entered into it since the death of St. John, the last surviving Apostle, and that none is to be expected until the end of time. This, in turn, follows from the fact that the Church, as instituted by Christ, was not to change in its essential constitution, and was destined by Our Lord to carry on its mission from age to age in essentially the same way. St. Paul uses the word "deposit" in several places in his Epistle to Timothy to designate the teaching which the Apostles were divine- ly commissioned to hand on to those who would follow them in the ministry of the Church. In his Epistle to the Ephesians St. Paul de- velops this idea. The Apostles and Prophets, he says, are stones in the building which is the Church. Christ Himself is the cornerstone which brings together both the walls and the foundatian. There is but one Church of Christ. Christ Himself has revealed the truths accord- hag to which this Church is constituted and which will be forever the starting point for its ministrations. What Paul reveals is only what l Christ has taught. Nothing that Christ has not taught at least im-i plicity can ever enter into the deposit of faith. Progress In Dogma. A religious belief, or a dogma, in the strictest sense of the Word, is a revealed truth which has been proposed by the Church for the assent of all men. In every dogma three elements can be dis- tinguished. There is first of all an objective element: the revealed truth itself. Secondly, there is what may be called an active subjec- tive element: the proposal of the dogma by the teaching authority of the Church. Thirdly, there is the acceptance of the dogma as a teach- ing of faith; this may be called the subjective passive element. FROM WHAT WE HAVE ALREADY SAID it is clear that there has never been, and never can be, any progress in the objective element of the truths of divine revelation, following upon the com- munication of the content of what Christ willed to make known. From FINALLY, THE TEACHING AUTHORITY of the Church may indicate with greater precision the philosophical or theological langu- age in which the truths of faith are to be expressed so that their con- tent may be less subject to erroneous interpretationsl This kind of progress was made especially during the Fourth and Fifth Centuries, as theological speculation followed upon the implicit acceptance of the deposit of faith which had been prevalent during the first centur- ies of Christianity. From the point of view of those who assent to the truths of faith progress is obviously possible and greatly to be desired. It may be made by way of analysis, synthesis and reasonable deduction within the body of revealed truths themselves and in their relations with truths that are naturally knowable. It may be made by explicit formulation of truths necessarily implied in the conteut of faith ac- tually known. Private Revelation Progress may also be made by comparing the truth with erro- neous teachings of those who refuse to accept it. Heresy, however to be regretted in itself, has always afforded the occasion for more critical examination of the truth, and for the discovery of faulty ways in which the truth has been expressed and defended. The history of dogmas shows how learned theologians have brought the teachings of divine revelation into relation with the natural sciences, and brought into the development of their own science, methods of research and organization which have proved successful in other fields. *The "deposit of faith" refers to the revelation Christ made to the Apostles. Nothing can be added by man to the objective element of the truths of divine revelation. *Progress is possible, however, in the official con- firmation of these truths, as with the definition of the dogma of the Assumption in .1950. Progress is also possible in the sense that an article or truth of the deposit of faith may be interpreted or clarified by the Church. *Private revelations to individuals cannot contrib- ute to an objective increase or modification of the deposit of faith. *Tradition refers to the handing down of the re- vealed truth through the teaching and faith of the Church. Tradition is far more comprehensive than what is contained even implicitly in the Bible, and therefore has priority over the Bible. Functioning within the Church, tradition is sufficient in itself to assure the transmission of the deposit of faith. each of the other points of view, however progress is passive, and is I~I to be expected. First of all, the teaching authority of the Church may 5 : confirm officially the fact of the divine revelation of particular truths, [ thus increasing our certitude of what has been objectively revealed. THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE FAITHFUL, and especially thai This has occurred in our own day with the definition of the dogmas !development of liturgical worship have been important factors in the"I of the Immaculate Conception and the Assumption, in 1854 and 1950 i actual living experience of the Church which have contributed to respectively. : deeper understanding of the truths of faith. The teaching authority of Again, the teaching authority of the Church may interpret or the Church divinely protected against the consequences of error and !divinely annointed to safeguard the deposit of faith has been the clarify this or that article or truth of me ueposi~ at mira, or some re ' hteed:::~i?fo/;~:~ a~dlp!u~le T?~Sst ~s: ~:flthem;~tYi:nStwCeS~y ~h:t~lS~oYgW~llCsaci:l~hnUemtn::c::::de::t:dngndm;r~peerl~r~:~e~~ th y j, expect further progress along this direction as the result of the Gen- Private revelations cannot contribute to an objective increase or eral Council which is now in preparation. I modification of the deposit of faith. The authority of the Church does: Last Slovakian Monastery Empty TO MAKE ENCYCLICAL WORK la Cuban Catholics Request Rosary City Law Housinc p TOLEDO, Ohio (NC)--An ordi- however, from time to time recognize public revdations as historical lnance prohibiting racial discrimi- facts. This circumstance may be of significance not only for clarify-Ination in housing has been adopt. ing doubts which may have arisen in the interpretation of the truths fed here. Objections from real of divine revelation, but also for pointing out the value of certain[estate men and builders knocked truths, such as the union in Christ of the natures of both God and tout a penalty provisiou, however. man, for the religious and devotional life of the faithful. Drop Penalty Under the ordinance, said to be U |m--a Iraclition the third of its kind in U.S. cities, complaints against sellers, landlords or financing firms will The word tradition means the handing on, a transmission, of something. In the New Testament the word refers to the transmis- sion of the deposit of faith originally given by Christ to the Apostles. This transmission has taken place through the written words of the Sacred Books, and through the teaching and faith of the Church. IT IS TO THIS SECOND MANNER of transmission that the word tradition refers in its strictest sense. In this sense the object of tradi- tion as a source of divine revelation, is far more comprehensive than what is contained even implicitly in Sacred Scriptures. Its transmit- ting organ is the Church; its immediate instruments are the teaching and faith of the Church. Its object embraces not only the truths of the deposit of faith, but the religious, devotional and liturgical practices which have been developed under the authority of the Church as means d safeguarding and applying its teachings. Tradition, therefore, has priority over Sacred Scripture as a source of divine revelation. In discussing this point the Council of Trent has emphasized that Sacred Scripture, as a source of divine revelation, needs tradition if tts true meaning is to be made clear. In the Encyclical "Humani Generis" Pope Plus XII taught that the eu- tire deposit of faith was entrusted not to the faithful as individuals, nor to those who would achieve competence as theologians, but to the teaching authority of the Church. WHAT THE CHURCH TEACHES, therefore, is the proximate and universal norm according to which the truths of divine revelation are to be interpreted and applied to the lives of the faithful. It is wrong, therefore, to appeal to the Scriptures as constituting an authority su- parlor to that of the Church. The true meaning of the Scriptures, so difficult to arrive at through the instruments of human investigation, can become clear and authoritative only through the Church. The life of the Church continuing through the centuries the mission assigned to it in its original constitution, has brought down to our present day the teachings of Christ, which would become obscure and susceMible to misinterpretation if their only source of transmission was the writ- ten words of Sacred Scripture, or if interpretation of the the Scrip- tures were left entirely to human scholarship. Living Organism In its antiquity, its fullness and its adequacy, tradition, as a source of divine revelation, must be regarded as superior to Sacred Scripture. Looking at the evidence of Scripture itself, considered as a historical document, the teaching and preaching of the Apostles is found to antedate their written words. As for the books of the Old Testament, it is true that they were d!vinely inspired as they were being composed. It is no less true, however, that authentic assur- ance of their inspired character comes only through the teaching au- be investigated by the Board of Community Relations, a city agen- cy. Findings will be sent, without recommendation unless requested, to a new Fair Housing Board that includes three representa-i tire8 of housing interests, three l from racial or religious minority groups, and three from the pub- tic at large. The original draft of the ordi- nance set a penalty of up to* $100 and court costs, or up to 30 days in jail. After the Toledo Board of Realtors and the Toledo As- sociation of Home Builders threat- ened to block the ordinance with a referendum, this provision was dropped: Foresees Change Frank W. Fager, secretary of the Board of Community Rela- tions, foresees a slow change in attitudes as a result of the ordi- nance. He points to the need for increased educational efforts in overcoming bias in housing. First New World Church Found COPENHAGEN, (NC) -- Dan- ish archeologists have discovered the foundations of Greenland's oldest Christian church, dating around the year 1,000. Th church is believed to be the first built in the New World. Its discovery at Qagssiarssuk, for- mer Brattahlid, is the result of years of search and investiga- tion. It was mentioned in the earliest Norse sagas. It was founded by Tjodhilde, wife of the Norse adventurer Erik the Red. She was buried in its churchyard along with Leif Erik- son, often regarded as the first European to touch on the eastern coast of the North American con- tinent. Erik the Red had been exiled from Norway for robbery and murder He landed in Greenland in 985 or thereabouts, and formed the first small European com. munity there. In 998 Erik sent his son Leif to Norway; where the younger man was baptized through the persuasion of King Olaf Trygveson. Leif brought the first priests back to Greenland in the spring of 1,000. thority of the Church. Only as the Church began to exist and function could the full significance of the prophecies of the Old Testament be- come clear. Only through the teaching of the Church could the mean- ing of the teaching of the Apostles find clear and authentic expression. SCRIPTURE CANNOT EQUAL TRADITION from the point of view of fullness of content. Tradition contains everything that Christ revealed to His Apostles. The Scriptures, however explicit they may be on many points, must, of their vel'j, nature as written documents, overlook many things that Christ would have indicated verbally, or through the infinite richness of His personal contacts with His Apostles. Even the inspired words of the Sacred Books must remain, in their external form, lifeless and inert. The Church, on the other hand, is a living organism It can trans- mit the truth in a living way. It can receive from God safeguards for its functioning that could not be afforded to written words or to in. dependently existing documents. If God is to safeguard the sources of religious truth, He must do so through the medium of the Church. Only through the Church can individual minds be brought to essential agreement. Only through the Church can the truths revealed original- ly to the Apostles by Christ be preserved from the distortion which Strange But True ,J'~4,' Y OF T/ g W4T/VE DANCE /,V .BOL/V/,~ ,q4V.~ r~Egg ARR4Va D ,45,el CERE/vtONY" FOR 7H ~4rRoN g4/Nr OF" ~,EMI~ROR ~NAPP~TTE. "THE ,S/~IflT WAS IDENTIFIED AS A ~ lu> C~I'fURy f~ARTYR, I~.U'f 44lS CAJLT WANED I~,APIDLY AF'gER "rile "D FE$1T OF WATERLOO. ;~CCORD/NG TO/ [G ND ST. BONAVEN7URE, Classified Adwzrtising FUNERAL DIRECTORS WILBUR CHRISTENSON FUNERAL HOME 925 3rd Ave. wo. 5-7312 FRED C. OLSON FUNERAL HOME 1001-03 Second Ave. WO. 3-6521 MONUMENTS -- VAULTS MARKE-R-S -- MONUMENTS-- ROBERT TRIGG & SON 114 S. First St. WO 4-2741 CATHOLIC SALVAGE Used Clothing. Furniture. Dishes, Lamps and all household articles in the Rockford store, we have a new department dedicated to Re- ligious articles. Prices to fill your immediate budget. Come in and browse around. 1019 West State St Rockford, in Aurora, Catholic Sal. rage Is located at 201 North Lake 5L HELP WANTED FEMALE Wanted HOUSEKEEPER to help Mother in Wheel Chair. TWO BOYS OF SCHOOL AGE. CATHOLIC I FAMILY. $35.00 a week plus room and board. WEEK ENDS OFF. Write to Mrs. Fred Adams, 29 Thrush, Carpentersville, Illinois or call 426-5467. Open Rate---10c a word--S4.48 per inch. Contracts, l~-inch, 13 consecu- tive weeks: $1.96 weekly for a total of $25.48. Contracts ~/2-inch, 13 con- secutive weeks: $3.78 weekly for a total of $49.14. It Pays To Advertise For Service Call TW 2-3971 FELTES COAL & GRAVEL CO. SAND--GRAVEL--BLDG. MATERIAL Rt. 25 North Aurora Koehhrs Rexall Pharmacy AMBOY, ILLINOIS Everything for the MOTORIST Dial SHerwood 1.-2577 364 Division -- Elgin Dial SHerwood 1.1400 Thiel's Drug Store CLIFFORD THIEL, Pharmacist Expert Prescription Service 161 Dundee Dial SH 2-0482 ELGIN WILLIAM J. YOUNG REAL ESTATE-- INSURANCE 73 VILLA STREET ELGIN Phones: Office SH 2-1124 Res SH 1-1613 HAYWARD SOUTH ELGIN PHARMACY Open 8 A.M. Till 10 P.M. Every Day Route 31 Ph. SH !-6655 So. Eigln COAL and OIL 24 Kimball Street VIENNA (NC)--The monastery In Secret Letter individual minds tend to bring into human tradition. Elgin, Illinois in Ruzomberok, the last one toe IT MAY BE SAID, TItEREFORE, that tradition, functioning with- remain open in Slovakia, has be-[ d J P MIAMI, Fla. (NC)--A group oflin the Church, is sufficient in itself to assure the transmission of the come empty with the death of two e n Cuban Catholics, in a letter smug-I deposit of faith. It would be wrong, to be sure, to minimize the ira- Franciscan friars, both over 80 i,glad out of their homeland, have i portance of divine revelation. The Scriptures, unique as written docu- according " to reports reaching1 SAN JUAN, P.R (NC) -- Co- meAts have made part of their asked all the Catholics of Americalments by reason of their divine inspiration, will yield rich fruits ,to here. ~operation between Church and official program, to pray the Rosary daily for Cuba. I those who strive to penetrate their meaning. In themselves, however, Their appeal was contained in a l independently of the teaching authority of the Church, the Scriptures Fronz. eich0rds INSURANCE Freeport, IlL BROADWAY BODY SHOP J. R. KINGSLEY Complete Painting Body and Fender Repairing i 310 North Broadway Aurora The reports did not identify , either of the two b nameI State is necessary if the principies y Another statement urging hat- Committee of Cuban Catholics in when they have been studied exhaustively, they cannot b regarded as-- -- -- In 1949 the communist govern- of the new papal social encyclical Comes To Cooperate letter made public here by the cannot bring us to certain knowledge of revealed truth. And even TW 2-1881 meAt of Czechoslovakia began its lare to be applied in Puerto Rico, many between Church and State Exile sufficient in themselves. /t'~l I1 I~Dt'~TLJI:D UADDiM~ Tr~M confiscation of all religious houses [Archbishop James P. Davis of ~tadee~ inbPue~ti sh~ic ~l~;e~nadFe. ,The writer of the letter said: / (Reprinted from The Pilot.) RU~Gb avnT,FUR~IT%RVE, CS ~E~NE-~RS I1/~l~l~tl:~.~ I ~/l~ll of men in the country except twolsan Juan said here. . . Y .Y, P " 'We recite the Rosary every '" ,BB "racked dow. McKINSTRA or three, including, the one in Ru- I The Archbishop" made the rum- tvxenuez oi areclno, night at I0, Cuban time. The in- They Need Gas Now ]11 cleaned on floor' C("~al I:IIP/ I'M/ zomberok which were used to " - "-'" "" ' . lment m a statement released In a letter to an Enghsh-lan-tention: for the Church on the is- ! ]~ ~[~olylYment? 1207 Now York Street Dial ADams 20517 house aged and sick Religious.[shortly after he and the other guage newspaper in San Juau land, and in order that the lead- CLEVELAND (NC) --Prepara-1~ ~ ' Phone Aurora TW 2-1511 Freeport, Illinois l~eports a year ago stated that : [Bishops of Puerto Rico issued a Bishop Mendez said he had come ors of the lay apostolate mayitions began this week for a dio-i~ ~~ THURS. there were then about 30 old Re- ~oin" "~astoral letter askin"~ for to Puerto Rico "to cooperate with maintain courage and strength ]mm ~ igious at Ruzomberok J ~ v prayers for "thoSe responsible for all men of-good will and with "We wish to have all Catholics ~:s::e ~::la::~i~e:enex~ year I ~ WRFX.I~ C:n UDo PHIPPS Century AuF::atlc Heating I Hot omt A hances Y"' of America JOin us par!lcularly " ~ ~ Better,P" PP" |/our civic and political destiny.' 'established authorit ' 1[ Real Problem "It is in this spirit of coopera- those of Latin America. The last synod was held in 1882 tBB ~ Channel Quality Merchandise Electrical Contracting 01In (I~AI PAINT [I Archbishop Davis declared that tion and charity I believe we can ]anda regulation likely to be re-[I ~ 11,I "~MAUl" Wil1"t 11"!1" PlentyatSens;hleof FREEPriceSPark,ng I aill ::.see- . , work together for the future of ~ I JL ::L i i;~]nealed in the comin~ synod is ll t DI/".IM&/ " ApplianCe ~ervlce ~--'" I] ~'Christian social justice does not Puerto Kieo," he said. c,V I~ |. [- "~ -- ]~ ve~mvn,'=r'~=. Batavia and Marengo ~lla /~V ~IIM WW El ill i /el / O~1[ O mapJe ~arK Ilbelong Io any particular party I one whichcausupon pastors to IB ~L. ~ ~ - " " C0t0R MAOIlNE []exchisively. It is an obligation of ~ THE OBSERVER provide hay forthe assistant's tI I I~~.~ 1 FORMULA OF 1898 ~-~-|t [Ievery citizen''' Cemetery Chaplain Ihorse. [B I mxanuerLumm " II E. W. Schmdina I Gives You 3000 Colors To |[ He added that recent conflicts . . ~ I All Building Supplies I At Milwaukee Dins Choose From For Every II between Church leaders and gov- Ill c " I Decorating Need.I[ernment officials in Puerto Rico (NC> Father' ]1 Rigld'Frame Garages. I[I " """" '"'" I MILWAUKEE, llhave arisen from a real problem -- . J CRYSTAL LAKEMcHENRY, Itt. Irl 1031 School Street, Rockford I DICKINSON HARDWARE II He said this problem is the tviareeJlme ~woiz, ~.u.~ wno as I 459-1050 EV 5-1424 I I h,~ ~,~w~.~ ~,o, I chaplain at Holy Cross Cemetery -'- l AMBOY ILUNOIS ilattitude of moral relativism which here officiated at more than 25- - I~- . ]lsome Puerto Riean political ale- 000 burials died recently" at the [J FRIZOL II STERLING HOME I age of 88: A native of Germany II d II IMPI nVI:MI:IqT ~n I NOW ON who served as a missionary in II IaI:CleMaM III U :Y -::." --" I India for 20 years before WorldI .-u,um w [I "" I[1 ~oon.9 "- a,a,ng I War I he was in daily attend-I YOUR ' II AUTO PART5 III,I ance at the cemetery from 1936'[ Full Service Bank 1 ROCKFO D?$/LoL9 U~gl~" z,;:'o:;r I SAVINGS until he suffered a paralyzing I ,;, .-' ,on,A Member F.D.I.C. [] Dia/WOR stroke m 1956. McHENRY STATE BANK Considine's CLEANERS a LAUNDRY Pasteurized Grade "A" (Member F.D.I.C.) THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK IN AMBOY i baby frets because of irritations, use cool, DeWitt's liquid balm to give almost instant relief. SORE GUM DeWitt's -Or,ON BRENNAN CATTLE CO. Stacker and Feeder Cattle ovailablo at all times. We Specializo In Northwestern Cattle YARDS AT LANARK, ILLINOIS Bob Brennan, Mgr. HY 3-2300 KIRKLAND, ILLINOIS Milt Brennan, Mgr. Kirkland 2-3317 ,i I Insurance Agency Oft. Phone 2551 Res. Phone 2861 Fulton~ Funeral Home Illinois --Since 1878-- Corner of Sixth and Eleventh Completely Air-Conditloned Phone 2121 -- Fulton, III. CO-DIRECTORS J. M. Fay tlewellyn Fay John O. Seesser CRYSTAL LAKE SAVINGS We Always HAVE 'TIME' FOR YOU Savings Account Every Member The Family Children learn best by doing. The best way to teach thrift is by having a separate sav- ings account for each of your children. They'll feel proud and important with a savings-account in their own names. They'll learn the important habit of sav- ings. Bring them along next time you come in. ! Phones AT 3-8341 and 3-8351 DIXON ILLINOIS Grocery and Market "Where The Wise Economize" Tel. 445 Galena COMPANY, INC. Fine Dairy Products Dial SH 1-2536 ELGIN J Patronize Our Advertisers Dairy Products 423 LOCUST STREET, STERLING 1823 Locust Street, Sterling VINCENT A. SCHUH COMPLETE BUILDING SERVICE GRAIN--FERTILIZER--SEED--COAL Phone EM 5-6145 or 5-3223 Virgil, Illino|s Donahue Furniture "Where Your House Becomes a Home" 119 E. Calhoun WOODSTOCK--FE 8-108g t