Newspaper Archive of
The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
September 29, 1961     The Observer
PAGE 12     (12 of 12 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
PAGE 12     (12 of 12 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
September 29, 1961

Newspaper Archive of The Observer produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2020. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.

?AGE 12 THE OBSERVER FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1961 THEOLOGY FOR EVERY MAN e -9 The quJick lti,~l of efforts towards the ideal of Christian unity m~ of the ,rare important religious eve,nts of the Twentieth C ,tury, The word "ecume*dcal," while indicative of enormous c~mplexities, is also filled with b~spiri~zg hopes. For Catholics the word has a special ~ea,ni*~g. The following commentary was prelgared at St. JohrFs Seminary, Brighton, Mass. It i,~ reprinted 1ro,~ The (Boston) Pilot. Q. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE WORD 'ECUMENI- CAL'? A. The word 'ecumenical' is derived from a Greek word which means "the whole inhabited world." As used today, it has two related meanings, which must however be clearly dis- tinguished. It refers first of all to Ecumenical Councils, assem- blies of bishops and other ecclesiastical dignitaries whose de- cisions on matters of doctrine, liturgy and moral discipline are HARMONY BETWEEN EAST AND WEST was temporarily restored when Basil succeeded Emperor Michael, whom he had murdered. A council held in Rome in 869 deposed Phallus and reinstated Ignatius. The decrees of this council were confirmed by the Council of Constantinople, which is regarded by the Catholic Church as the eighth Ecumenical Council Subsequent- ly, however, Ignatius seems to have incurred the disfavor of the Pope and to have become identified with the schismatic faction in Constantinople. After his death Photius was ap, pointed thodox Eastern Churches has been freouently attempted by both Roman and Eastern Catholic churches At the Council of Flor- ence. held in the middle at' the Fifteenth Century, reunion was sought as a defensive measure against the threat of Turkish in- vasion of Constantinople. After much discussion of dogmatic points, particularly the question o[ the primacy of the Roman Pontiff, a decree of reunion was finally signed in 1439. Orthodox synods, however, refused to ratify the union, and separation be- tween East and West was re-established. In 1906 the Angeliean by the Emperor to succeed him. and Eastern Orthodox Church Unibn was founded. In 1908, the Fl'om this point the immediate sequence of events is not toO lLambeth Conference of Anglican Bishops, held every ten years, clear. In any case, the rift between East and West was oecom- appointed a committee to confer with the Eastern Orthodox Pa- ing wider and wider, and the General Councils held subse-triarchs. quently have not had the same ecumenical character as those of earlier centuries. IN THE EARLY YEARS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY the ecumenical movement within the Catholic Church was hindered may be afforded bs, participation of Catholics in ecumenical movements. THE ECUMENICAL COUNCIL WHICH IS BEING PREPARED for should not. be thought of as an occasion for a spectacular manifestation of the power of the Catholic Church, to be followed by an effort to impose union on Catholic terms. The Council should be thought of rather as an honest, organized effort to re- discover and reaffirm the truth, tinder the inspiration of the Holy Ghost. It should afford the opportunity for adjusting an over-liberal interpretation of theological truths which would ob- scure and deaden the spirit of the teaching of Christ. There is i always the possibility that the Church, w~hout compromising its essential doctrines, may find things to correct in its approach to the problems of the present day, and may find better ways to fulfill its divinely appointed mission. considered binding on all Christians. The word ecumenical also designates the movement among religious people towards the reco~ery of unity---a movement which seeks to conciliate and t,:anseend differences of creed, ritual and methods of socio-re- ligious action. While an Ecumenical Council, particularly at the present time. must be concerned with the problem of the separation arnong themselves of those who call themselves Christians, the scope of the Council must be more comprehensive than the n~eans by which differences of opinion can be resolved. On the other hand, the Ecumenical Movement, if it is to achieve its goal, should represent the agreement of all believers through- out the world, and should function through an organization which would be acceptable to all groups and which could im- !case its decisions authoritatively in matters of common interest. Q. WHAT IS MEANT BY AN ECUMENICAL COUNCIL? A. Aecordin~ to the teachin~,~, of most Christian communities outside the Catholic Church, there have been no Ecumenical Councils since the schism of Photius (810-895). Photius, who had occupied an administrative position at the court of Con- stantinople, was appointed Patriarch of Constantinople by the Emperor Michael, who had deposed the previous Patriarch Ig- natius. He received episcopal consecration from Gregory As- bestas, whom Ignatius had removed from his post as Arch- bishop of Syracuse. When Ignatius refused to yield to Photius, the Emperor sent an embassy to Pope Nicholas I to ask for a council at Constantinople, which would settle the dispute be- tween the two claimants. IN OPPOSITION TO THE WISHES of the Pope, the council confirmed the deposition of Ignatius. The Pope then annulled the proceedings of the council and declared that Ignatius was the rightful Patriarch. This exercise of authority by the Pope caused consternation in Constantinople. The dispute became complicated by further disagreement regarding jurisdiction over the newly converted Christians of 13ulgaria. Asserting his prerogative as Patriarch, Photius de- nounced the presence of Latin missionaries in Bulgaria~ He like- wise expressed his disagreement with the teaching of the Creed regarding the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son. In 867 a Council at Constantinople pronounced a sentence of deposition against the Pope and declared him ex- communicated. In CRYSTAL LAKE For A Quality and Low Cost Diaper Service Call Rockford "Collect" WOodland 5-2625 NCCW Appeal WASHINGTON --(NC)-- The National Council of Catholic i Women h a s called upon the State Department to protest the ruthless shooting of C u b a n Catholics preparing for a reli- gious procession. The appeal for U. S. denuni- cation of the Cuban communist regime's action was requested jn a telegram sent to Secretary of State Dean Rusk by Mrs. Ar- thur L. Zepf, NCCW president. McHENRY STATE BANK A Full Service Bank Serving since 1906 McHENRY, ILL. Member F.D.I.C. WHEN VISITING YOUR SON AT THE BE SURE TO STAY AT AIR CONDITIONED PHONE 4-7436 CENTRAL HEAT TV Next To The Seminary Hwy. 14 Lo Crosse, Wis. THE FIRST SEVEN ECUMENICAL COUNCILS are recog- by the struggle against modernism. Pope St. Plus X devoted THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY, TOO, of meeting the criticism nized by both East and West. The first held in Nicaea in 325, much of his energy to meeting the danger and to the preventing f those who feel that the Church has not realized, in all the de- " tails of its historical development, the ideals which Christ our was concerned chiefly with the condemnation of Arianism, the of further schismatic trends. Under Pope Benedict V important heresy which denied the divinity of Christ. The second, held at steps towards reunion with the East were taken in the creation Lord held 'out to His Apostles. The Ecumenical Council, which Constantinople in 381, condemned the error of Apollinarius. that of the Sacred Congregation for the Oriental Church, and the will be attended by ecclesiastical dignitaries from all over the world, will bring together many different points of view towards Christ as man was God, and that there was no union within His stablishing of the Pontifical Institute for Oriental Studies. the Church's problems. It will endeavor to find effective remedies Being of the natures of God and of man. The Council of Ephe- UNTIL QUITE recently, however, the Popes were hesitant for existing abuses, and to arrive at clearer vision of the needs sus, held in 431 condemned Nestorianism which taught that ~ ' ' aoout aulnorlzlna, OlSCUSSlOn oI floctrlnal matters oy bamoncs in ~ . . . Chrlst was t~ o senarate nersons and that Mar, wa th- m-fh~- ' of an a~,e in which there have been such radmal departures frolics. .~ Interdenominational a~sembhes. Plus I continued the efforts nrevious cust,ms and wa,s of livin- No Ecumenical Council i~ o~ unrlst as man our not at Gnrlsr as ooo. lrl ~31 me uouneil ~ " ~ ~ ~ "~ "h -" x "~h h ~ " " '~" IF wnlcn nan oeen mafle to conciliate me Lasmrn urt o 2o ~ urc - Ce ~istor of t'e C'U c" " " ~" at cnalceflon condemned the teaching of Eutyches that the, n n y n n r n nas orou~,nt togemer as many msnops reorganlzeo me t)rlental lnsutute anti encourageo me . . natures oI God and of man were fused in Christ into a sin~leI- ; as will attend the next Council. None has ever been confronted nature~ ~,lmunoing of the beneoicfine lvmnastery or amay-sur-wmuse mrlwith the problems that this one must solve: none has ever had the purpose of promoting unity In his Eneyclicai 'Mortalium The Second Council of Constantinonle held in 553 foresha i : I such rich posslbflltms of world-wide mtluence. "-, -I,~mmos ' pUDllsneo in I~Z~, ne stresseG me importance OI unltyl . . . . . . ,~ . dowed the approaching schism. Its decrees, concerned with the of faith'as the basis of all efforts for the reunion of Christendom.1 it is not to be expectea that tne ~.econo t~ouncu o~ me vaucan. "Three Chapters" summarized certain point; of doctrine which] s h 9"" ~ 192~ n~twill settle the problem of separation among the followers of ' * " ~ line t onversauon, oi lVlallnes, elo oe[ween i ,'u ann D, a oI were objectionable to the Emperor Justinian The interference th,~ m'wemen" " w th "Sword and the S)irit " or~anizediChrist" We may be certain, however, that it will take long steps of the Emperor was unwelcome at Rome and at first Po*---I : " tKno nas, e I ~, itowards healing the breach that began with the schism of Photius, - . " ~ ~'cla lew years later In ~n~,lano, aonerea quite strictly tO me samer . . . . vlgums rerusea to approve tne condemnation Eventually how- --;---:-,- ano that it wiu open tne way, aweaay cmarly marKea ou~ in the " pYLLICJ[]iC ever the disagreement was settled and the Po"e declared his I VlSlOn Ol God ior a tuture Councll whlch will be ecumemcal m ' . . ~ ~" THE PRINCIPLE IS, AND INDEED MUST BE the startingl~ n ~'s " *h----l--~,~oal an,4 i, iidical truth suomission to ~he necree of the Council ~ . ~ ~ ~ ,~ ~, ~. I~m-~ ~.~ '~** '~ "' ~ ~:" "~,*'- -* '~" AT THE SIXTH E ''''''''' "; point ior k.amollCS in contemporary OlalO~.ues wltn non-v.amoucs, ------ ~,~,~m~,~ ~u~r~,~p, likewise nero at which explore the possibilities of reunion. Today, however, there Constantinople, in 680, the heresy of Monothelitism which de- are indications of far wider area~ of mutual understanding, and ~ nied the existence of a human will in Christ, was 'condemned. of' more extensive efforts to analyze the historical backgrounds of ~"g~ee'K~~O--~l,~ This controversy, which had distinct political overtones engen- differing points of view" In Germany particularly, the Nazi per--'-- -v dered much bitterness between East and West and the lines of secutions of religious groups had the effect of br'inging all Chris- opposition became more and more tightly drawn. In 787 the seventh Ecumenical Council was held at Nicaea. This was the last time that East and West were to meet in a general council that all would recognize as ecumenical. The ecumenical author- ity of the thirteen general councils which followed' up to and in- eluding the First Council of the Vatican, is not recognized out- side the Catholic Church. It is the teaching of Catholic theologians, 0ffieially confirmed tian people closer together. It was in Nazi Germany that the "Una Sancta" movement has its origin. Its founder, Father Max Joseph Metzger, who was put to death by the Nazis, expressed, in a letter written to Pope Plus XII, the hope that an ecumenical council might be convened. which would seek to put an end to the separation of Christians and which would be prepared for by a long series of between Catholics and Protestants. He saw in efforts aIong this by the authority of the Church, that an ecumenical council must'.line the only hope for reunion. These efforts have been made, be convened by the Pope. Its decrees have binding force only and continue to be made, with the obvious encouragement of the when they are sanctioned and promulgated by the Holy See. At this point they become inlallible statements of doctrine and tnoral principle. Implied in this teaching is the further prinei- pie, expressly stated in the Code of Canon Law, that there can be no appeal from the authority of the Pope to the authority of a general council: If the Pope dies during a general council, its sessions must be suspended and can be resumed only under authorization of the new Pope. Q. WHAT IS MEANT BY THE 'ECUMENICAL MOVE- MENT'? A. The brief historical summary which has preceded will sug- gest that the purpose of an ecumenical movement would be to restore the unity which prevailed before the schism of Photius, and to bring all Christians together in a new council which would be ecumenical in fact as well as in law. The Council which has been summoned by Pope John XXIII will be un- questionably ecumenical from the point of view of theological principle. Its effects will not be suspended' or nullified by the absence of representatives from the dissident Eastern Churches. Nevertheless, its impact on the world will be lessened by the fact that so many who follow the teachings of Christ will have no part in it, and will refuse to recognize its authority. IN RECENT YEARS THE DESIRE FOR REUNION seems to have become intensified among all groups. Many advances have been made from all sides which have led to increased under- standing of the common ground which remains at the starting point-for further discussion. There is greater sympathy, too, and greater effort to explore the areas in which doctrinal dif- ferences have arisen over the years. THE ECUMENICAL Movement, as it is called, has been aided especially by the common struggle which religious people are making against atheism and immorality. Reunion with the Or- Soy You Saw It in THE OBSERVER g.neral iOl ,t --Since 1878--- Corner ef Sixth enel Elevenfh Completely Air-Conditioned Phone 2121 ~ Fulton, Ill. CO-DIRECTORS J. M. Fay L.lewellyn Fay John O. Seesser Considine's Insurance Agency Of~, Phone 255t Res. Phone 2861 Fulton Illinois e present Holy Father. Q. DOES THE DOCTRINAL POSITION OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH ON THE QUESTION OF REUNION LEAVE ANY HOPE FOR THE SUCCESS OF THE ECUMENICAL MOVE- MENT? A. It would be wrong to minimize the difficulty of approaching non-Catholics in view of reunion, as Catholics must, without yield- ing on the fundamental questions of the primacy ~f the Roman Pontiff, and the exclusive claim of the Catholic Church to be the true Church founded by Christ. Nevertheless, many misunder- standings which have grown up in the past among non-Catholics :an be removed, and new assurance of the sincerity of Catholics WREX-TV FOOTBALL WEEK-END SAT. 2 P.M. NOTRE DAME VS. OKLAHOMA SUN. 2 P.M. BEARS vs. GREEN BAY DINN SUNDAY, OCT. 1 Church Grounds ---- Kaneville Rd. SPIT Serving Starts 1 P.M. Adults $2 Children Under 17--$1 GAMES PONY RIDES TRAIN RIDES FUN FOR ALL 'PRIZES OF BEEF --AND MORE Sponsored By Men's Club mild lean tender 'TULLY COOKED DE for YO ! Be certain that Masses will be said for you immediately after deathl A S.V.D. MASS DEPOSIT of $50.00 or more tam'led to us now assu e you that Masses will be said for you immediately after death No long delay due to court or Will probates, or forgetfulness of friends. We w{fl maff you a Certificate for Masses, to be placed your official papers for your Executor to read and mail to us. "-' TEAR OFF-MAIl. TO REV. FATHER RALPH, S.V.D.r 316 N. Mkhiga Ck c Je 1, llllnois EncLosed find $ for S.V.D. MASS DEPOSIT. Send me the Mass CertWw.ate. FLEUR DE LOOK FOR theNKW WHffE CAN NAME (pteeH prfi~f~ ADDRESS 0 CffY ZC:N~ SrAI1E . mll/ll II 1-1018 18 So. Spring St. Elgin, Illinois HOW i LUSTY, FI6HTIN6 YOUNG ADVENTURER TURNED INTO A SAINTLY HAN, OF 600! BRADFORD DILLMAN.DOLORES HART STUARTWHITMAN ~ PEDRO ARMENDARIZ Actually Filmed In Assisi, Italy ht Color an.d CinentaScope ROCKFORD Starting Wed Oct. Benefit St. Anthony Hospital Auxiliary 11 MODERN PLATING CORPORATION Complete Electroplating Service Authorized to Do if/ark on Sacred Vessels GENERAL OFFICE AND PLANT 121-129 SO. HANCOCK AVENUE FREEPORT, ILLINOIS TELEPHONE: ADAMS 2-6139 BRANCH PLANT 2500 N. MAIN STREET ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS TELEPHONE: WOODLAND 2-64S1 Write or Phone Us lot Details and Estimates OP AL CO. Dubuque I0.--608 Main St. Clinton, Ia.---222 6th Ave. S. Rockford--105 North Main St. Dispensing Glosses Prescribed by Dr. H. Caren--Optometrist Rockford---Rockford Plaza Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. H Partoll--Optometrid Aurora---6 N. Brnadway Dispensing Glosses Prescribed by Dr. Frank Santelli--- Optometrist Dixon--110 East First St. Dispensing Glasses Prescribed b~ Dr. B. Rubin--Optometrist Sterling--21 W. 3rd St. Dispensing Glasses Prescribed b~ Dr R. Cobb. Dr. N. L. St Germain~Optometrists Elgin---121 S. Grove Dispensing Glasses Prescribed by Dr. H. Mall---Optometrist