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September 22, 1961     The Observer
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September 22, 1961

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~~~~~~~J By FATHER JOHN RYAN ARE PRIESTS EVER ALLOWED TO CELEBRATE MASS ACCORDING TO THE RITUAL ALLOWED FOR BISHOPS? Protonotaries Apostolic, who are among the highest ranks of prelates, are allowed the use of certain vestments which are proper to bishops and they are allowed on cer- tain occasions to celebrate Mass according to a cere- monial which approximates that of bishops. HOW CAN WE SAY THAT THOUGH THE SUCCES- SORS OF THE APOSTLES ARE NOT INDIVIDUALLY INFALLIBLE, THE APOSTLES WERE? The conviction that each of the Twelve Apostles was personally infallible cannot strictly be proved from the New Testament, though it seems natural to infer it from O u r Lord's words previous to His Ascension: "You shall receive the power of the Holy Ghost coming upon you, and you shall be witnesses unto me in Jerusalm and in all Judea and Samaria and even to the utter- most parts of the earth." St. Peter also apparently acted on the conviction of the unique status and posi- tion of the Twelve as such by insisting on the election of a special guaranteed Wit- ness instead of Judas, so that they should again be twelve in number. The fact that they considered the fact that the lot fell upon Mathias as being a divine endorsement of the choice, points the same way. They had evidently gathered from Our Lord's own words and direc- tions that there should be Twelve with unique privileges in the founding oI the New Testament community. This Biblical inference is supported by unvarying Christian Tradition. WHAT IS APOSTOLIC TRADITION? WHY SHOULD PUBLIC REVELATION CEASE? Christ directed His Apostles to go and teach. This teach- ing they carried out by word and some of them by writ- ing. The words Apostolic Tradition mean the teaching, taught by the Apostles to those to whom they preached, and handed down to other generations by the successors of the Apostles. As for the ending of public revelation we may answer in general that Christ wished His Church to have the full- ness of His revelation from its very start. He therefore gave this to it. Therefore, no public revelation was re- quired since all that was needed had been entrusted to His Church. ARE PASTORS JUSTIFIED IN SPEAKING ABOUT THE FINANCIAL PROBLEMS OF THEIR PARISHES? It is quite obvious that the attention of the laity must be drawn to the expense involved in providing religious services and in maintaining educational, social and char- itable institutions which function under the auspices of the Catholic Church. It is unfortunate that the effort which must be spent in raising money often distracts both priests and people from the work in which they must co- operate as members of the Church. The Church loses its significance in the estimation of the world and in the minds of its own members when the raising of money becomes the exclusive or predominant concern of those who are immediately responsible for its ministry. Contributions to the Church have greatly increased in modern times. They are still far below, in their aggre- gate, the total amount spent for recreation and amuse- ment, and for many forms of goods and services that do not enter essentially into maintaining human life and ef- ficiency. People who complain about the amount which they are asked to give to the Church should consider on the one hand the value of what they receive from the Church, and on the other hand, their degree of willing- ness to spend comparable amounts for other legitimate purposes less closely associated with their human dignity and destiny. It is difficult to understand the reluctance of many Cath- olics to make contributions to the Church. Their attitude would seem to reflect lack of conviction of the place and function of the Church in the modern world. On the other hand, many people give to the Church mere than they might be expected to afford. One's attitude in the mat- ter reflects one's personal scale of values. The more we love the Church, the more we shall be willing to make sacrifices that its work may be properly done and its mission successfully fulfilled. As people learn to love the Church, it will become less necessary for priests to bring the financial problems of the Church to their attention and more and more possible for priests to devote them- ;elves to the work for which they were ordained. I KNOW THAT IT IS NECESSARY, FOR THE GAIN- ING OF AN INDULGENCE, THAT THE PERSON BE IN THE STATE OF GRACE. SUPPOSE HE RECITED SOME INDULGENCED PRAYERS WHILE IN THE STATE OF SIN; WOULD HE GAIN THE INDULGENCE AFTER HE HAD GONE TO CONFESSION? No. The conditions upon which a baptized person can gain an indulgence are: he must be in the state of grace, he must have the intention of gaining the indulgence, and he must perform the prescribed works. If the prescribed works are performed in the state of mortal sin, the in- dulgence cannot be gained. The person may gain some benefit from the devotion in which he was engaged, for instance, he may bring himself to a realization of the necessity of penance, he may experience true contrition for his sins: but he does not gain remission of temporal punishment due to his sin until the sin is forgiven and he is restored to the state of grace. To gain the indul- gence, the work performed in the state of sin must be repeated. Questions for "YOU ASKED IT" should be sent to: Father John Ryan, St. Joseph rectory, Lena, Ill. It is not necessary to sign your name unless you wish a per s0nal reply. However, Father Ryan reserves the right not to use unsigned questions. We should not conform with human traditions to the ex- tent of setting aside the command of God. --St. Basil [L Vat. XVI, No. 38 Sebt. 22, 1961 THE MOST REVEREND LOP, AS T. LANF. Publisher THE REVEREND ARTHUR J. O'NEILL M0naglnll Edltee ROBERT WILLEMS News Editor MARJORIE GALLAGHER Women's Page Editor BEULAH O'MEAPJ~ Business ROBERT J. STARR Adyertiaing ANN BERTOIASI Circul~ion The Observer, printed weekly at 4"13Pleasant .Street Beloif, Wis- Cottldn0 is the officio newspa]~.r of the .~otho.c lUllecase of Rockford, Second cla. postage paxdjat ueloit, WlSCOnSn. Subscriptions ~;4.00 per year prepaid in the Unltea States ALL COMMUNICATIONS SHOULD BE. ADDRESSED TO THE OBSERVER, ,1260 NORTH CHURCH 5TREE1 ROCKFORD. ILLINOIS. POSTMASTER: Please send farm 3$79 to the OBSERVER, 1260 North C, bur;b Street, Rockfenl, Ullaeb. The announcement that the Very Rev. Raymond J. Wahl, chancellor of our diocese and director of the Bureau of Education, has been named a Papal Chamberlain with the title of V e r y Reverend Monsignor, is cause both for rejoicing and felici- tation. In a sense the honor conferred on Monsignor Wahl is a special distinction for all in the diocese. The Church as a society has devised the title of Monsignor as one of her means of recognizing work well done. His designation as a Papal Cham- berlain makes Monsignor Wahl, in e f f e c t, an honorary member of the Pope's own household. Because of the unity of the clergy and the people under their Bishop, this honor to one of t h e it priests redounds to the honor of all in the dio- cese. The universal Church recognizes and grate- fully responds to the new Very Rev. Monsignor's special work in education directed by him, but accomplished only through t h e cooperation of scores of other priests, religious and members of the laity. Monsignor Wahl is deserving of personal felici- tations because so much has been compacted in so few years. We think, subject to correction by historians, that he is the youngest/man in t h e diocese ever to receive papal honors. Ordained to the priesthood in 1952, he gave two busy years as an assistant in Our Lady of Good C o u n s e 1 parish, Aurora, where he distinguished himself in the Catholic Youth apostolate. He spent t h e next three years pursuing advanced studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University in R o m e. Be- cause of this special training in Canon Law, he was named chancellor of the diocese and the Of- ficial of the Diocesan Tribunal in 1957. These ap- pointments are intimately concerned with t h e vital work of the administration of the diocese. At the same time, he was given the added re- sponsibility as diocesan director of the bureau of education. This post involves not only the super- vision of all Catholic schools, b o t h elementary and secondary, but also the meeting of the chal- lenge of organizing and supervising the e v e r widening and sometimes uncharted course of the religious education of thousands of children enrolled in public schools. We salute Monsignor Wahl on his accomplish- ments and felicitate him on the distinction that has been bestowed upon him. WASHINGTON LETTER By J. J. Gilbert One result of the crisis created by the Berlin question is a sharply increased interest in Civil Defense. A Government-sponsored program which for a long time had difficulty in selling itself to the general public, Civil Defense has lately become an attractive commodity. All phases of the pro- gram are being "bought" today. There is a moral consideration to the matter. Already one U. S. theologian is on record as say- ing that fathers, if they have the space and re- sources, and if no other effective means of pro- tection is available, have a moral obligation to build fallout shelters for their families. Officials report requests for information on the building of fallout shelters have increased many times over. There is an obvious increase in con- tractors offering to build shelters. There is an in. creased interest in what should be stocked in shel- ters. One hears and reads interesting stories about the increase in shelter-building. It is reported that some people are building basement shelters, and with the utmost secrecy. Whether this is out of fear of seeming timid, or whether the builders do not want an influx of "guests" if an emergency should arise, one can only speculate. In case of a nuclear attack persons surviving in a fallout shelter would probably have to survive on their own food and water reserves for two weeks. This is brought out in a Government docu- ment, "Family Food Stockpile for Survival," is- sued by the Department of Agriculture in coopera- tion with the office of Civil and Defense Mobiliza- tion. Called Home and Garden Bulletin No. 77, the pamphlet is distributed free by the civil de- fense agency, or can be purchased for 10 cents from the Superintendent of Documents, Govern- ment Printing Office, Washington, D. C. The bulletin urges families to collect and store a two-weeks supply of food: tells how often to re- place the emergency foods, which should be in cans, jars or tightly sealed paper containers of a size to hold enough for one meal: gives samples of meals that can be prepared with no cooking, or a minimum of cooking. The bulletin says people can get along a good while without food, but only for a short time with- out water. It suggests about seven gallons per per- son as a way of estimating a two-weeks supply. This is for drinking only. Another seven gallons per person would be required for bathing, dish- washing, etc. Among some 9,000 bills introduced in the first session of the 87th Congress are a number having to do with civil defense. One of these recommends that all school children be provided with emer- gency food kits. The sponsor said many manufac- turers are making foods and containers that will remain good for years. Another bill would have sections of national and interstate highways con- structed underground, "to provide adequate pub- lic shelters in case of nuclear and germ warfare, and for other purposes." It has been estimated that, at adjournment, the first session of the present Congress will have dealt with about one in every nine bills introduced. There is no particular alarm in this city. There is, however, a natural desire to be prepared in case the worst should come to pass. And, in the long run, especially where Congress is concerned, re- actions here generally reflect sentiments prevail- ing in the country as a whole. SPOTLIGHT ON SOCIAL REFORM i i u n nHI II II 6 FISH OUT OF WATEI To syndicate even a modest column such as this, one must be constantly on the alert to ob- serve what is going on. The press, radio and TV afford such wide coverage that there is very little of significance which is not recorded. And the news travels fast. Yet you can be caught nap- ping. A few months ago, comment- ing upon the current activities of the laity, I had taken note of an observa- tion which a friend of mine, Jim Colaianni, a dedicated Catho- Lic Social Action- ist, had made in a letter to Com- monwealth mag- azine. He remarked that lay instructors should be trained in theology so that priests might have more time for other pastoral duties. He concluded, however, that we can hardly expect to see such a de- velopment in our lifetime. I ex- pressed agreement both with the proposal and the conclusion. Phenomenal Experiment Hardly had that particular re- lease of the column been sent to the editors, when Time maga- zine and a few Catholic publica- tions announced that this very type of project was well under way, stemming out of San Fran- cisco. Father Eugene R. Zimmers, a fellow Jesuit at the University of San Francisco, in co-operation with 12 pastors and six laymen, had quietly for some time been breaking the ground for a phe, nomenal experiment. The six laymen, ranging from 26 to 35 in age, three of them They who wish to live happily and in perfect fidelity, must ac- custom themselves to live ac- cording to reason, rule and obe- dience, not according to their own inclinations. --St. Francis de Sales FATHER WILLIAM SMITH, 8.3. married men with children, had taken an intensive series of co~rses at the Institute of The- ology directed by Father Zim- mers at the University of San Francisco. Their training period included 650 class hours of the- ology, liturgy, public relations, non-Catholic doctrine, public speaking and salesmanship. Personal Sacrifice To qualify as a graduate of this institute, these young men sat at the feet of Jesuit universi- ty professors, Protestant minis- ters, public relations experts, advertising executives and oth- er competent personnel. Indicative of their sincerity is the fact that they sacrificed about six thousand dollars in in- come to accomplish their pur- pose. Included in their expendi- tures is a theological library of their own which cost them an average of $300 or $400 each. These modern lay apostles will now go out into twelve parishes, four in California and eight in Arizona, to conduct inquiry classes on all phases of Catholic doctrine. Each will center his activities in two adjoining par- ishes and the pastors of these parishes will jointly subsidize the work to the tune of $500 a month, It is anticipated that by 1964 their recompense will reach $1,000 a month. Business Successes This plan is not only practical but praiseworthy. It is full-time lay vocation activity. The par- ticipants are not seminarians do- ing part time apostolic work nor college students teaching Cate- chism. Five of them had already established themselves as suc- cessful practitioners in their chosen occupation in the work-a- day world. Three are teachers; one an in- surance broker and another a copy editor of a San Francisco daily newspaper. The sixth member is a convert, a graduate philosophy student. Each in his own parochial area will give full time to this tremendous experiment in win- ning souls to Christ or renewing Christian lives that have lost some of the luster of their Cath- olic lives because of lack of proper instruction. This is convert work of a high order. It can be successfully ac- complished only by men of high competency. The pioneers are not members of any religious congregation nor obligated by traditional vows of any kind. They are laymen, in the strictest sense of the word, engaged in a down-to-earth, practical pro- gram aimed at heaven, but at the same time recognizing the simple fact that men on earth must clothe, feed and house themselves even while carrying out an apostolic venture. In the spirit of St. Paul it can be said that these workers are worthy of their hire. The financial arrangements are based on a very simple, common s e n s e assumption. These "inquiry directors" are bent on bringing converts to the Church and making better Cath- olics of those with whom they come in contact. Good Catholics will go to Church. In turn they will contribute to parish funds through the old-fashioned but ever present collection basket. Increased parish revenues will thus support and subsidize this modern, magnificent develop- ment of Catholic lay action. Deserve Prayers The movement should be watched with interest by Cath- olics everywhere in the United States. It can be of tremendous importance. The young pioneers and the co-operating pastors de- serve the prayers of all of us. I am indebted to the Catholic Messenger, Davenport, Iowa, for the essential facts contained in this article. Man may, as sir Jonas Pink. erton writes, be master of his fate, but he has a precious poor servant. It is easier to com- mand a lapdog or a mule for a whole day than one's own fate for half an hour. --H. Belloe t REAPINGS AT RANDOM. ,epr,ma By GERARD E. SHERRY The case of Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker', who was re* lieved of his command in Germany for alleged "politick- ing," is an interesting study in the double standards ap- plied by some anti-Communists. A front page story in one of the openly conservative Catholic weekly newspapers last week said the general was muzzled because he was too patriotic. It said the general felt "he owed his country the duty of pointing out the evils of Communism and the vir- tues of our own system of government." The Department of Defense. has issued documentation on the investigation by the Army's Inspector General. It discloses, among other things, that General Walker is a member of the Birch society, the ex- treme conservative organization. Anyone making an objective reading of the Birch society manifesto must doubt that it ex- tols "the virtues of our own system of government." Refuses to Answer Readers will recall the number of Communists and Left Wingers who appeared before the various Congres- sional committees studying the Communist menace. Many of them took the Fifth Amendment and were rightly casti- gated for doing so. We never thought that the greatest critics of Fifth Amehdment taking would ever have one of their followers resort to the same tactics. Alas, the official record of testimony shows General Walker invoked the military version of the Frith Amend- in ment on a question in the Army investigation which led to his being admonished last April and relieved of his command. Article 31 of the uniform code of military justice allows a witness to refuse in military proceedings to answer a question if the answer might be self-incriminating--equiva- lent to the Fifth Amendment protection provided in civil- ian proceedings. The transcript quotes Walker as invoking Article 31 when asked whether, as commander of the 24th DiVision in Ger- many, he had acted contrary to an army regulation by advising his men on political matters through an article published in the division's weekly newspaper, "T a r o Leaf". It is also interesting to note in a summary the following from the Department of Defense report: "The two principal allegations and the conclusions reached by the acting inspector general were: "Allegation: General Walker conducted a personal troop information and indoctrination effort that failed to com- ply with criteria established in Army Regulation A.R. 355-5, by making speeches containing remarks that were inflammatory and derogatory to past public officials, quot- ing and recommending material which was in varying de- gree non-factual, biased and inflammatory in character, and arranging for speakers w h o gave inflammatory speeches." Allegation True "Conclusions: That the allegation is true." d Allegation: Maj. Gen. Walker, acting in an official ca- pacity, attempting to influence the members of the divi- sion and their dependents, in their selection of Senatorial and Congressional candidates by recommending the use of voting materials not obtained through military sources." Conclusion: That the allegation is true." No one is challenging the patriotis~n of General Walker. Indeed, the Defense Department report says that Walker is a patriot, sincere, dedicated anti-Communist, and a deeply religious man. Why then all the fuss? Talked Out of Turn It seems obvious that General Walker allowed his ex- treme conservative convictions to be expressed in a man- ner and in areas where he had no right to air them. Every~ American, be he in Government, in military, or just plain citizen has a perfect right to hold conservative or liberal views. The only thing is that the United States Army has always been above politics. Officers' personal views are not permitted tobe imposed on the troops under their command. In the case in question, General Walker had a captive audience, and little could be done by the troops to oppose his political views. Let's face it. General Walker overstepped the boundaries when he meddled in politics. Instead of lamenting the findings of the Army's inspector general we should take pride in the fact that our military officials are being kept in their place. No one objects to General Walker's mem- bership in the Birch society. That's his business. But his imposition of his views on the soldiers under his com- mand is the nation's business. We have examples of military dictatorships all over the globe. In other words --if the military doesn't like political views of a govern- ment it is tempted to overthrow the government, and this often leads to the end of democracy. It's as simple as that. f