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September 9, 1937     The Observer
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September 9, 1937

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Page Four THE OBSERVER # THE  2k'l['-'x { The Official OBSERVER . Newspaper Publisled of EVery the Diocese of Thursday Rockford TI-IE OBSERVER--Publication offices 845 Bluff St., Dubuque, Iowa_ Entered as second-class matter Nov. 27. 1935, at the Post Office at Dubuque. Iowa. under the net of March 3. 1879. Suhscription--Prepid: . United States. yearly $1•00; Canada $2.50; Europe. $3.00. All communications should be addressed to the office of THE OBSERVER, 845 Bluff St.. Dubu(iue. Iowa. or 705, So. State St•. Freeport, Ill. Brief correspondence, especially news of the Diocese of Rockford. is welcome. ,ml LABOR 1937 i Raymond Molay has been touring the coun- try for the past three months to find out what is on the minds of the people, and he ascer- tains they are :hiefly concerned with the rela- tions existing among organized labor, indus- trial management and the government. All wise men are. The chief trouble with Labor today is the poor quality, of its leadership both in its own ranks and in government, except the one case of 2VIcGrady. The \\;Vagner labor relations act means well, but is very imperfect and should be amended. The wages and hours bll, as it stands, is impossible and has to be re-drawn and made into a better and acceptable bill. As a horrible example of the lack of leader- ship in Labor loo1 at its two would-be leaders, Lewis and Green, quarreling and dividing their forces in the face of the enemy and in the hour of battle. In the army they shoot leaders for such treasonable folly. , John L. Lewis, besides, let his general staff become infested with Communists, gave $600,000 of the hard-earned money of his miners to a political party t-hat needed it as much as Newcastle does coals or as the ocea -does water. He tried to dragoon his follow- ers against the Supreme Court, the great shield and sword of Labor and its sole defense against hostile legislation. Lewis, of course, would be against the great pillar of democracy, the Supreme Court. The tact that he tried to destroy the Su- preme Court is eloquent of his lack of sense; his appointment as his chief lieutenant on the West Coast of Harry Bridges, that nonde- script who blew in from Australia, casts doubt on his sanity. Harry Bridges, if not an open Communist, has all the damnably destructive technique of the Communist. Bridges inflicted incalculable and irretrievable damage on the West Coast. Away from it he diverted per- manently vast treasures of commerce to Japan and Great Britain. There is probably method in that madness. He is a Britisher. He tied up the West Coast twice in a dis- astrous general strike. Bridges and Lewis. are the sort "of thugs and wreckers and self-seekers that Labor lets usurp its leadership and exploit it. Lewis and Bridges are emphatically not of tIe seed whence comes salvation to the House of Labor. Before Labor can come into its own, before Labor can win its rights and make substantial progress, Labor must put its house in order by reforming the quality of its leadership. Meanwhile it is incumbent on us all by order of our supreme superior, the Vicar of Christ on earth, to strive with all our powers to win for Labor its rights: unionization, col- lective bargaining, decent working conditions and hours, some degree of security, some share of property, above all a living family wage. LAW ON EDUCATION We reprint from last week's paper the Canon Law on education: Canon 1372. 1. All the faithful must from childhood be educated in such a way that not only are they taught nothing contrary to faith and morals, but that religious and moral train- ing takes first place. Not only parents, but all those who take their place, have the right and solemn duty to i provide a Christian education for their chil-i dren.--(This Canon is based on Canon 1113,! which reads: Parents are under the gravest kind of obligation to provide to the best of their ability for the religious and moral as! well as the physical and civil education of their children and for their temporal well- being.) Canon 1373. 1. In every elementary school religious instruction shoulcl be given the chil-i dren according to their age. 2. Youths who frequent the secondary or higher schools should be given fuller instruction in Christian doctrine, and the local Ordinaries [Bishops and Archbishops] should see to it that this instruction is given by learned and zealous priests.• Canon 1374 . . . It is for the local Ordin- ary [Bishop or Archbishop] to decide accord- ing to the instructions of the Apostolic See/ in what circumstances and with what precau- tions attendance at other schools may be tol- erated without danger of perversion [i. e., loss of faith] to the pupils. PEACE AT ANY PRICE Sympathy for the Spanish Reds crops up in the most unexpected places. Witness a re- cent.editorial in the Davenport (Ia.) Demo- crat, which .would have set well in any Com- munist paper. From his long distance obser- vation post in Davenport the editor gives the following flat and final decision on the Span- ish civil war: Whatever the outcome of the 'civil war in Spain, France and' his lieutenants will go down in history as arch traitors. Such treachery and killing as is being done is almost past belief in this 20th century and supposedly an age of civilization. If the rebels were fighting the Moors there might be some excuse for calling them atriots. But to shoot down their own countrymen with the aid of foreigners merely because they did not like their form of government brands them as traitors. Since when did any particular form of govern- ment justify so much bloodshed? Is it not time that this madness in Spain should end? So, there's no argument anv aore. The en- tire Spanish question has been settled in 15 lines of an Iowa newspaper. Seriously, however, this is an important editorial, important as a symptom. It indi- cates how completely the Leftist propaganda has captured the sympathies of American ed- itors, who, if it were not for their colossal ignorance, would know that the Spaiaish Reds are trying to tear down in Spain the very things these editors hold sacred in America. #€€€€€€€€$$$€$€€€€€€€€€€€€€$€€€€€€€€€€€€€€;€€€€O Address All Communications to • t THE OBSERVE 704 S. STATE AVE., FREEPORT, ILL t €=€€€;€€€€€€€€€€.#€€€€€€€€€€€€€€$€$€€$€€--• NOTICE istration of the sacraments, etc. A It is Important that all questions concordat usually affects matters be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not in- which are in dispute or Hkeiy to :And Life Goes On Un-Prominent Citizen Her name was seldom in the pub- lie prints-- She made it her career to run a home, j Her familY was a large 0nellittle time Was left to her for gadding or to roam % About the couutrymde on feckless errands Or membership in clubs2-she filled her days With acts of ministration, duty, love, Quietly going about her busy ways. The family that she raised all turn- ed out we/l, The neighbors often spoke Of it with pride--- So many of them, too, and not a thing That they should have to alibi or hide; And when Death came, the even- ing paper had A little piece just telling when she ing generation is becoming a bit embarrassing, isn't it? Speaking of Columnists And, for no apparent reason, Wal- ter Winchell rises to remark: "Many columnists over a typewrit- er would look better over a broom" --Dear, dear! I hope Walter isn't getting prsonal. Another N. Y. columnist, depart- ing for Europe, left this thought behind him on quitting these shores: "I'm going away because no columnist in the world ever had a worth-while idea during the month of August."--Or had you noticed ? The only columnist who doesn't tread on folks' toes-once in a while is the one who writes only of things,, never of people. And who wants to read a column like that? Crack-Up Now comes the news that Egar Bergen's fiancee has broken off her died engagement to him because (as And when she would be buried-- she sa) Edgar ua-s lots more that was all, [attention to Charlie McCarthy You'd almost missed it if you hadlthan he does to her. Pretty tough, not tried. . to have a block-head like Charley So, thousands of useful, loyal lives Ibreak up a romance like that. go out QUI6KIES All unacclaimed, unheralded by fame-- Such lives don't need an accolade because The Book of Life has record of each name I Add: Public Service Notes Place: The Public Library. Time: A busy Saturday after- noon. The phone rings: The librarian answers. VOICE: "Hello, is this the Li- brary? Would you please tell me the name of the old uncle in 'The Good Earth'? We have tn uncle who is always looking on the dark side of things like he was and we want to call him that name but we don't remember it. Oh thanks." Amongst Us Announcers Art Jones to "Tribber" Smith: "You wouldn't be funny even if you were sitting on Edgar Berg- en's lap." Yoo-hoo, Charlie Mc- Carthy! I Irony The faces that grace the society page Are often such homely phizzes For which the beauticians can't do a whole lot With bangs or curls or with frizzesT, While the heart-shaped faces that make you dream Of Madonnas and moonlight and An authority on the subject now conies forward with the informa- tion that bees are ordinarily very amiable creatures and start sting- ing people only when they are greatly worried, mostly by domes- tic troubles. Well, it's nice to know what makes 'era sting you, but I can't see where that makes it hurt any the less, can you? Anyhow, it proves bees are dif- ferent from men-folk. They at least don't make for the nearest tavern and start weeping it out on somebody's shoulder. A Columnist's Idea of a Vast Expanse of Space: The distance from here to the bottom of the page on a hot afternoon\\;when idem just aren't perking. A New Jersey man recently killed his wife with a hammer be- cause she neglected to tell him he was her fifth husband. Somt women are just too, too careless, about their arithmetic. And here was one case where the old say- ing. "safety in numbers," didn't hold true, eh? Scientists are now claiming that newsprint, by a certMn chemical treatment, can be made digestable. That's fine. As it is, some of it is certainly pretty hard to swallow. Today I give you the Galena roses woman who apologized to a neigh- Are often as not in a Ten-cent bor for a hasty remark thusly: store "I really didn't mean it. I just ! Handing out ribbons and hoses, said it on the slur of the moment" 'Mayhe she meant just that. "Till Death Do Us Part" (Classified--Glendale, Cal., Star) FOR SALE---White satin wedding gown with train. Only worn once. Size 19. DO 21-27. Zone of Quiet? News Note "Joe Louis flew from PLAN RURAL New York to Detroit today to get I some sleep."--The Detroit Cham- ]ber of Commerce should love that LIFE CONVENTION Those two lads, seven and nine who wrecked a crack express, -- -- train by placing a piece of steel Meet At Richmond on the rails, explained that they] did it "just to see what would NOV. 7 happen." Really, this thirst for knowledge on the part of the ris- Richmond, Va.--The Rev. Wil- I see where they've figured out a new name for the movie theatres i that show double features. They're! calling them "Torture Chambers." Add: Classic Utterances of All Times: Tomtry Farr's radio pro- nouncement following the recent fight. It was: "I done my best. I got plenty of guts." And how have all your folks been? Come now the melancholy days, The saddest of the year-- When every poet wants to write A ballad with a tear.  Shucks! Nothing to look forward to now till Hallow E'en! itials); otherwise, the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for a private answer must be accompmaied by a self- addressed, stamped envelop. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. Q.Since Angels do not receive Holy Communion, why is it called the "Bread of Angels"? A.--This phrase is used to ex- press the dignity of Holy Commun- ion and the angelic purity of heart and mind with which we should re- ceive it. QWhy ,s a ring of the Holy Father called the FisherFan's Ring? A.--This ring of the Holy Father Is a signet ring engraved with the likeness of St. Peter fishing from a boat and encircled with the name of the reigning Pope (now Pope Pius XI). It is used to seal vari- ous Papal letters and documents, and is broken at the death of each Pop . Q.--May third cousins marry each other without a dispensation? A.They may. Now marriage is forbidden only in the first three degrees of relationship! that is, brother> and sisters, first cousins, second cousins. Q.--I expect to become a mother soon; is there a blessing of the Church for expectant mothers? A.--Certainly. Ask your pastor to bestow it upon you. There is also a beautiful ceremony, chu[ch- ing of women, to be followed after birth./ it easy to commit a griev- ous sin through laziness? A./hen Moth or laziness is so great that it leads to the neglect of duties that bind one under pain of mortal sin, it is itself a mortal sin; otherwise, it is a venial sin. An illustrationlof what we mean is this: Suppose that, through sim- ple laziness, a man would lie abed on a Sunday morning and thus neglect to go to Mas. Such lazi- ness is of itself a grievous sin. Laziness to the extent of neglect- ing to pay ordinary debts nlay easily be a mortal sin. Q.--What ts meant by a concor- dat; and why does the Pope make concordats with nations? A.A concordat is a written agreement, signed by the Holy become in dispute. Q.Why is it that some suicides are buried with Catholic rites and other are not? Why not the same rule for all? A.--Can0n 1240, which sets forth in the law of the Church who are to be denied Christian burial, lists "culpable suicides' 'among them. The word "culpable" explains why some are buried with Catholic rites and some not; if there is any doubt about the mental responsibility of the person, the Catholic funeral is given; if there is no doubt, it is denied . When doubt arises, the Bishop must be consulted if time permits; if the case remains doubt- ful, the body should be given ec- clesiastical burial but in such man- ner that scandal will be avoided. It might seem occasionally that the Church authorities err in their decision about these cases, but it must be remembered that they are often given confidential informa- tion which might influence their staud but which cannot be made public. The Church is glad, when i she can, to give the ecclesiastical burial. liam T. Mulloy, of Grafton, N. D., and the Rev. James A .Byrnes, of St. Paul, Minn., president and ex- ecutive secretary respectively of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference, were in this city last week to Supervise arrangements for the fifteenth annual convention of the organization to be held here in the week of November 7. Local arrangements for the meet- ing are in charge of the Rev. Arthur J. Taylor, rural life director of the Diocese of Richmond. The Catholic Business and Professional Men's ctub of this city will serve as hssts with the Most Rev. Peter L. Ireton, coadjutor of Richmond, to the hundreds of convention vis- itors who are expected from all NOTE BOOK By Observer (Continued' from page 1) ]tendency to increase the activities taxation, is doing. It is pois-]of, government and the dispropor- / tmnate cost thereof oning the American body poli- tic "  / 5. That the responsibility for the . , , ., /increase in the operations of gov- . jonn 1. 1,lynn, acre econom-[ernment and the waste and the in- xst and famous financial writ-lefficiency n the performance of its er, and The Northwestern Na-[funetions rests solely upon the tional Life Insurance Company people. • ., . . .. _ , % 6. That it lies solely within the in l:nelr cxnaustlvc stuoy oI power of the people to correct the the American taxation abuse situation, and that it can be cor- and scandal and theft use a rected.. sections of the United States and somewhat lower figure. Canada. A ....... I In any case that way of ex- mong tne speaKers o:[ natlonall . -. .' . 1". j • cesslve taxation rum ncs, ano prominence to be heard at the con- . - vention this Fall Father ByrneslOn that road to ruin traveled listed Herbert Agar, of Louisville, Igreat empires in the _cast like Ralph Adams Cram of Boston the n • ..... , __ ,.. [the Roman _nd Byzantine. leV. Jonn a arge .J. associate  .,, .. " .. .- . ..... ri ' Fre'derick P' zur weeder uses tne mgner run:or el ame ca, ., " . . . Kenkel, of the Central Bureau ofifigure in his estimate of the the Central Verein, Alphonse Mott, [prodigious plague.and plunder of st. Paul, and others, of atrocious taxation .imposed About the Bible harmonious and better chosen. What a dignified figure is that of Booz, a man of faith, filled with the' realization of God, so that the idea of Him is present in all de- tails of life! How diligent and careful he is in the cultivation of his fields, how thoughtful of the welfare of his servants, beloved by all, respecting the rights of others and observing the Law even in his love for Ruth, his kinswoman! What a sympathy-evoking figure, too, is that of the young Moabitess, so generously devoted to her nmth- er-in-iaw and to the memory of her husband, so simple in her modesty, so great in her patient support of poverty, so docile in following the advice of Noemi! That stranger, ad(rpted by the people of Yahweh and destined because of her virtues to become an ancestress of the Messias, is also for us, Gentiles, who like her have been called from error to the truth, a guarantee of our vocation to the Faith.." on the American people by that insatiable bloodsucker and parasite, the American politi- cian. His figure may be exag- gerated. The Northwestern Life's detailed estimate comes to 12.7 % of the income of fam- ilies earning less than $1,800 a vear. It is larger in the higher income brackets. Even if this be taken as correct-- and the insurance company it- self recognizes that the esti- mate is probably too low--it means that the average wage earner works at least SlX .,e.eks each year for the poli- ticians. If Mr. Webber's esti- mate is correct, he works three months a year for the politicians. Mr. Webber's declaration of independence from excessive taxation is pointed. He makes seven specific charges : 1. That we have too many and unnecessary activities upon the *art of the government, too often accompanied with great waste and tineffciency therein as well as in According to the report of the[the execution of those functions White House conference on chiid lwhich are essential health, more than 12,000,000 per-] 2. That we imve prospered and sons in the United States have]progressed and can prosper and speech defects nr voice abnormai-lprogress with very much more gov- ities, 1,000,000 of whom are school lernment than we can afford. c2afldren. • i 4. That there is a continuous BOOK OF RUTH [ This book tells the tender, fil- !iai devotion and loyalty of Ruth, a widow, for her mother-in-law, Noemi. Noemi, a Jewess, living among Gentiles in Moab prepares to return to Bethlehem. Ruth plans to go with her, "withersoever thou shalt go, I will go, and where thou shalt dwell, I also will dwell. Thy people shall be my people and thy God my God . . . The Lord do so and so to me, and add more also if aught but death part me and thee O, 15-17). In Bethlehem Ruth is married to Booz of the tribe of Juda and thus becomes the mothm of Obed, the father of Jesse, the father of David, and ancestress of the Savior. The author of this charming short-story is unknown. Some few attribute its authorship to Samuel, the prophet. In itself, the book may be regarded as an appendix to Judges, during whose time its ac- tion takes place. Abbe VIgouroux, "a noted Bible scholar, writes about the book of Ruth: "It is a touching idyl of match- less freshness, of charming grace- See and the government of a ha- fhlness, of delicate reticence of tion, by which relations I. ween]touch,--a ork of exquisite aria A them are :regulated, as freedoh qf]professional fiotionist could not $1ous worship, schoolz, adma. lhave imagined charactera more 7. That unless there be prompt change in the present course and the effecting of real economy, dis- aster impends. The issue in Spain is Chris- tianitv or Communism, civiliz- ation or savagery. So says Cardinal Gems, Primate of Spain, and the whole Spanish hierarchy. The patriots striv- ing heroically to save Spain from the abominable Bolshe- viks, and brutish barbarians and atrocious traitors, the Spanish patriots, according to Cardinal Coma, "are men who have preserved the Christian and Catholic feeling of the race. and, as good Catholics, are imt subjecting the Church to servitude." \\;Vhcn the heroic Sanish army arose and saved Spain by anticipating the atro- cious Communist conspiracy that had set for slaughter al! the clerk, and religious of the coumrv and every decent per- son in it and its utter destruc- tion with the extirpation of re- ligion, "tbe national soul," ac- cording to the cardinal, "be- came incorporated in the mili- tar), movement in vast and profound currents." The new Spain, according to the promise and perforamnce of its patriotic leaders will be a Spain builded of liberty and justice, peace and prosperity. Such to an astonishing degree is the two- thirds of Spain under Nationalist contl'o! according to all reliable observers. Spain dominated by the traitors and foreign criminals, on the contrary, is a chaos of blood, $ September 9, 1937 S Little Known Facts /or Catbohcs i’l tg. by N C W C. News Servl By M. J. MURRAY HaS #1 8f4TH / ALL £A/a73  ie wsrturrR ASOgZ . wqooq, /L,e,E#£.et ,orpomce$  ,- Carlms.. _ner’$ o THE StAnD gPRI$ENTf £ L&YHA ; MAtS 1ME £CeLE$ASTtC i ND HOOI:), THE MONK; /mt4oug Ao uv_-r, 7HE OLDIEf; A "THE :)K. T4F.. S’.HOI./M. 7 ft.E tot#q g DR,o# /No/cr/ff /E .UBJIN@ OF" 7W£ V'I/,, y $'lRl'l'lJl.. POWI’. brutality, religious persecution and abject wretchedness. "The new Spain," says General France in his great speech of Jan- uary last," will represent a great national fmily, one without mas- ters or vassals, without poor or potentate. Social justice will be the basis of our ne Empire .... We want a fraterfal Spain, an in- dustrious and working Spain, where parasites can find no lodg- ing. A Spain without chains and tyrannies; a nation without de- structive Marxism and Commun- ism; a State for the people and not a people for the State." The last observe is the funda- mental principle of the American free state and of Christian democ- racy. The totalitarian state, into which we are being pushed, on the con- trary, is the people for the State. The totalitarian state--more plain- ly--is the whole hog government that takes everything from the people, exploits them. dominates them utterly and enslaves them absolutely. There is a good deal of evi- dence to the effect that Ger- many is restive and resentful under Nazi tyranny and wouh throw it off "tomorrow did but the opportunity present itself. Good and abundant authority also maintains Hitler is a mad- man and that the whole Nazi organization is shot through and through with annatural immorality disgusting vicious- ness and horrible perversion. The guilty accuse of their own very guilt the innocent. A writer necessarily anony- mous writing in America, a fact of itself accrediting the article, reports on present-day iGermany. Among many others he consulted his small army of relatives ramifving all through German)', socially and geogra- phically. The article rings true. Everywhere in Germany the writer found rage and resent- ment against the Nazi tyranny. He quotes a relative of his in a capital passage revealing al- though somewhat r o ugh. Though rough it rings true; so we cite it. "The honor of Germany, for which I fought for four years in the front line trenches, has been dragged in the gutter by a mad- man and a gang of thieves. We hang our heads in shame at the thought of what outsiders are say- ing of us, but I want you to un- derstand that what is happening now in Germany does not repre- isent the will of the German people. iWe despise these vermin and bar idles. We are praying for the day when they start another war. Then we can have arms. gas "Now they have launched a attack on the Church. I have not been what you might call a pious I man, but I will certainly fight for I my religion when scoundrels like I these attack it. It makes myt blood boil to see these Nazi swine emptying the slop jars of their minds on priests and nuns. Who are they to be assuming a holier- than-thou attitude? I knew some of them in the war. No vice was too bestial for them, no form of filth too revolting. Have they sud- denly reformed? Not if I know them. Their vices, natural and un- natural, form the principal topic of: conversation in every town and hamlet. The only place where one cannot learn about them is in the newspalcVs. These filthy sheets, the loudspeakers of that arch-liar Goebbels, are now blushing with shame over the supposed immoral- ities of the Catholic clergy. Some of our priests may be stupid or bullheaded, but they are not ira- moral. I fight with the parish priest but I respect his virtue. You may think that because we are compelled to subscribe to the Nazi papers we read them. We don't. %Ve use them in our stoves and toilets. No decent-minded person reads newspapers in Germany any more, much less believes them. The government can control every- thing but our minds." During my montil in Germany I talked to a great many Catholics from ever)" walk' of life and to a large number of priests and relig- ious. My impressions were every- where the same. A powerful re- action has set in against the gov- ernment. The money-smuggiing trials and heaven-knows-what oth- er trials, all carefully timed and staged and virtulently publicized by the Nazi press, have made a n'ofound impression on the people. But the impression is not the one intended by the government. In- stead of a clnb the Nazis have created a boomerang. They set out to ruin the Church. They have only succeeded in destroying the people's faith in the courts, the i press, the party and Adolf Hitler. The Bishop of Rockford has pre- scribed fiiting recognition of the one hundrod and fiftieth anniver- sary of the Constitution of the United States, September 17. Archbishop Mitty, of San Fran- cisco, has issued a pastoral calling for an earnest celebration of the same significant anniversary. To mark and solemnize it more than 200,000 persons were expected to attend  solemn pontifical Mass of Thanksgiving, celebrated by Car- dinal Dougherty of Philadelphia, at the Philadelphia Municipal Stadi- um. Such Catholic commemoration and celebration throughout the rUnited States proclaims the su- [preme importance to Catholics of !the preservation of tho Constitu- tion. The Constitution is the principle and fountainhead of American free- dora and justice, progress and pros- perity and opportunity• The Con- stitution confers on America the tradition and reality of the finest and freest of governments com- prising the sum of the rights and liberties won by mankind in the past two thousand years. The Constitution is the effectua- tion of the Declaration of Inde- pendence. Both and the other a:' Catholic docuhents expressing th free principles of the Middle Ages and of Catholic Christianity and embodying the Catholic tradition of freedmn and justice, prosperity and opportufiity in government Bishop Rehring's Consecration, Oct. 7 Cincinnati.--The consecration of Bishop-elect George H. Rehring as Auxiliary Bishop of Cincinnati and Titular Bishop of Lunda, will take place at St. Peter Cathedral, here, on Thursday, October 7, the Feast of the Most Holy Rosary. Parents AsE Basque Children s Return London. -- The Catholic Herald here publishes the names of 333 Basque child refugees now in Eng- land whose parents have written to the British Consul in Bilba asking for their repatriation. The children were brought to England, it is charged, for propaganda pur- poses. BY OTHER EDITORS Objectors to "Gambling" Among the most persistent ques- tion [in letters to the editor] is that about "gambling" at parish picnics and bazaars. If we were at all wise we would undoubtedly re- frain from getting into any contro- versy, but, inasmuch as this hap- pens to be the season of chicken dinners and parish picnics, we think some comment not amiss• In the first place, pastors would not have to resort to extraordinary means of raising revenue if par- ishioners realized their obligations to the Church and supported it in accoraance with their means. Every pastor would prefer the di- i have dropped their hearts in/a collection box along with their weekly dimes. Tradition in many places has sanctioned the use of variou de- vices, and their use has become accepted• Most people want some- thing for nothing and are willing to invest a small sum on the chances that they will receive it. In most instances there is no hard- ship worked upon the individual buying a ticket, nor ie his family deprived of necessities through the purchase. If that were the case, then this so-called' gambling would be wrong. In almost every case, however, people attend a bazaar with the intention of spending an allotted am ou n t, knowing that iwhat they spend is destined for a worthy cause. The bazaar devices lect contribution, say in weeklylact as mediums for that expendi- envelope, to bazaars or picnics. It]Sure and we feel sure that pastors is not unusual to find that the verylwill willingly accept the money out- people who object so strenuouslylright from t}lose who have scruple]l  to parish bazaars and picnics are about using the other methods (I the very ones who feel that they contribution.--Peoria Register. Woodcarver's Clock Can Almost Think Paris.--An extraordinary clock which will cause the Blessed Vir- gin to appear in the Grotto of Lourdes every year on February 11, is the masterpiece of a Pyrene- can woodcutter named Trilhe who has never had any mechanical ed- ucation. The clock is made entirely of carved wood, old umbrella stays and gaw blades. It weighs.816 pounds, stands eight feet six inch- es and is four feet eight inches wide• The century, the year, the sea- son, the month, the day. the hour, the minute and the second are in- dicated. It also registers the movements of the earth around the sun, the rising and setting of the sun and the movements of the moon. Morning and evening this clock sounds the Angelus--not at a fixed time, but according to the length of the days. And on Saturday and Sunday the Angelus is sounded by two bells. A reproduction of the Basilica and the Church of Lourdes sur- mount the clock and every Sun- day one sees a priest entering the church to say Mass: On Feb. 11, the Virgin appears before the lit tie Bernadette Soubirons in th( grotto. An image of the Blesse Virgin appears also on August 1 and a "creche" on December 25.