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September 8, 1961     The Observer
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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1961 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND ,n urn,n rope THE OBSERVER pacifism. This notable gap between British products and European mar- kets contributes heavily to the economic crisis now gripping Britain. Because the British pound was getting shaky, her imports increasing fast- er than her exports, and her rate of productivity not rising fast enough, the Conservative govern- ment of Prime Minister Harold MacMillan has just taken a series of drastic steps, including raising taxes and freezing wages, to shake Brit- ish industry out of its uncompetitive ways and the British public out of what the London Econ- omist has called "the spreading tundra of telly- land." ACTUALLY, BRITISH W A G E S ARE NOT By NORMA KRAUSE HERZFELD ish women were struggling for the vote. Among the documents T"t" *'R'TI '' "NFL"~N'~" IN '"'~ '~""N s far a x is a satire by an Oxford don written in 1908 on "Whv Women ll~.J D 1 Orl U]~ IL,]~ YVIEJ~IJFJI~I ]~U[~U~]~ a. S " - YT L. t 1 - ~ - ~. ]Should Not Have the vote. m wmcn ne stated:'It is one of consun-ler gooos are concernea seems llmlte 1 to movies, WhiSKies, ~in ~,~,~ *,~ ,~ "r~i,kv" *,~v o, t,~mobfles T~,~ r~r;'i~,sual I the glories of the Brutish Empire that a w6man wm oo a man s 1~ produ"J;=~umm;:(m~t'in'gs,~too?whieh have F~roved~t~be" thl] work for half his pay." In this respect, little has changed in most non-durable of goods. And British pacifist "Marchers for] rr'~rt~ithis~h;N]f~r~t~rr~AY HAVE CHANGED more than this Peace" trying to come ashore at Le Havre were firmly turned! . . " ~ l ~, '- "'- ~''- -nnm ffor~ rk " lor but it is still verv hidebound. Industry was damaged very little a~, ov rrencn authorities wuo ca t a G any ma eL . . . durmg World War II, and It has gone on generally in the tradl- tional ways while European industry was modernizing from the ground up. Often protected by high tarilfs in domestic markets, it has also had easy ready-made markets in the British Com- monwealth nations. One has the impression, too, that dividends paid to stockholders are relatively very high, and not enough profits are put back into plant modernization. This great sea- iaring nation is now importing for its own use twice the tonnage el new ships that it is building in its own shipyards for export It has just been displaced by Japan as the world's fourth largest steel producer after the U.S Russia and West Germany. Because of dissatisfaction with low pay scales, rigid seniority systems and lack of scientific equipment, many teachers, engi- neers and scientists leave Britain altogether. Immigrants are coming in from the West Indies and even India, but they are usually unskilled labor and do not replace these professionals. A VERY HIGH today, but they started from such a low point that labor shortage exists in spite of many women working and young they have risen farther and faster than productivity. British!peep!e going to work at a relatively early age. school teachers, first to feel the wage ireeze order, were sched- GIRLS WHO GO TO WORK AT lfi in insurance offices for $1.036 u!ed to get new basic rates ranging from $1.680 to $3,360 annual- annually are promised $1,218 by the time they are 18l/L Women ly. (Dollar for dollar, British wages have slightly more purchas- seem to have been rescued from the coal mines and other hor- ing power than American wages, but the British wage earner rors of the Industrial Revolution, but women working on the rail- ~ets a correspondingly much lower wa~e. Nevertheless, as Prime roads are a familiar sight. Minister MacMillan told the voters in the last election campaign, Vivid in the memory of this observer is the sight of a broad ,mlc rlSlS open at the neck and carefully folded back over the coat collar and lapels, and a mannish haircut. But around her neck she wore a slim strand of pearls, and in her buttonhole a tiny pink rose. THE AVERAGE WORKER SEEMS RATHER CASUAL about his job, and critics of the welfare state say that many workers feel little incentive to do a good job because they can always "let the government take care of them." How far a government can go in providing welfare services without blunting personal in[lint[re may indeed be one important element in the present economic crisis. A general passivity and isolationism contributes also to the rise of pacifism and sentiment for unilateral disarmament. The Labour party, which pollsters show in a nearly even split of the electorate with the Conservative party, is heavy with pacifist s~ntiment. At its national conference in October trade unions will give great support to resolutions calling for unilateral dis- armament of Britain and opposing U. S. bases and German' troop training in Britain. SOME LABOURITES FEEL THAT BRITAIN should have spent the last decade disarming itself, cutting its overseas commit- ments and concentrating on its own internal development in complete isolation. Much Labour sentiment is also against Bri- tain joining the European Common Market. It is this objective to which the Conservative government is now turning its major effort in the hope that by joining with France, West Germany, Italy and the Benelux countries in the European Common Market, Britain can find the stimulatingi markets and the competition she needs to raise her productivity l and end her economic crises. THIS INVOLVEMENT, IF IT CAN BE NEGOTIATED despite great obstacles, will not only be a historic moment for Britain "they never had it so good." and everyone has a "telly" and a British matron unloading a raih'oad car at a provincial station, and Western Europe. It may be a turning point for the West on "frig " even though cigarettes have been pushed up to more[ w~o~,~ ~, h,~ ~1,~ ,~,~lh~,~ ~h~ ,~,-,~ ~h,~ s~,-~ ,q~r~ than 60 cents a pack.) .~ ' h am heav' " ~ ]el'. and jacket, t e s e y black oxfords, a white trous- the road to political as well as economic unity. blouse (Copyright 1961, The Catholic Reporter) lne average weekly earnings oI the ~rltlSn lnflustrlal worker[ ' are now $42 for men, $21 for women A current exhibition at/ the British Museum on British political history in the early]SHARING OUR TREASURE twentieth century features the Suffragette movement when Brit-I ch c I . . . Fall Aetivihes U r cI s I -= -= mlPlanned by Club Rev. John A. OBrien Ph.D. tied a Muslim and we were supreme head, the pope, the priest, Father W. Utarid, and fill I (University of Notre Dame) ]blessed with two daughters and successor of Peter. This is in teaches at Sacred Heart college t.asparmt Illl AURORA -- The ~amo4.moriI The credentials of the Cath-[a son. sharp contrast to the radicallin Shambaganur. Every day my -- ckb here De-Ins its ~eptemoer [[][ ' .~,'-" ' l olic Church carry conviction to] Belief Undermined differences of belief among the]holy rmm means more to me, & Oliver[ 111IS:tni:~t, is: t.w i1~ hr H?;:t~:lslisincere truth seekers not only] "I read Cobbett's History of Protestant denominations. I re-[an:ryoYf cto::t~:~l:;aY:: is thstl ][]] " P. ' : ]in America but in other coun,]the Reformatio~ and other his- alized that the God of truth] " p P " FUNERAL HOME ]]]]p.m. at the K. C. Home. A hay-]tries as well. Since Christ found-[torical works, a n d perceived couldn't approve the contradic-]share the joy, grace and bless- ride with refreshments is lan ][][ " " ' P led His Church to teach all na-]how the Anglican church was tory doctrines which they hold ling of the Catholic religion. How Two Chapels ][[[ned tar Sept. 17. Those attend-[tions' one would expect that the]founded by Henry VIII. He had "My parents had also been[w nderful it is to receive God's |][img are asKefl 1o ne at the ~. I marks, which He stamped uponlhimself declared the supreme studying the Catholic religion]pardon in the sacrament of Pen- DIAL we 4-6332 [[[jC. Home at 7:15 p.m. On Sept.[that Church to distinguish her]authority in both temporal and:and they too became convinced[ance and Christ's Body and . [[[124, the club will sponsor a dance]from all man-made institutions,]ecclesiastical affairs. This dis. of its truth They and my young-]Bl d in Holy Communion. u~ t~arenesano Ell]at K.C. Home from 8:30 to ll[wQuld appeal with equal force]covery undermined my belief in er brother were received intdTruly we are richer than kings ]][]p.m. Wayne McQuade's b a n d[to members of all races and na-ithe Church of England, of which the Church But as a married{ r emperors." nOCKIOrO Ill]will provide entertainment. ]tions. Conversions to the Church]the reigning monarch is still woman in India, whose husband] Father O'Brien will be glad ~ =-ql[ The regular monthly. -meet!nglin ali lands prove the universal ]the head- wa~ a ~aun"~'~, .~""n c,~,~ lic ,~,iito have converts'send their ]of the club is scheduled for Sept.]it of her a eal and the co[ "I wanted to be a member of ;.~ ~ ; ~ reodom 1/names and addresses to him at Y PP " d,~. ~~,~ o~ . . 8av You Saw It in 20 at 7 30 p m at t h ~ K C Notre Dame Unlverslt Notre -R : gency of her credentials, a Church which derived h e r told him my wish, but he was] l " Y' THE OBSERVE IHome I This is illustrated in the con-/ authority not from man b u t adamant in his opposition. For]Dame ndmna, so he may wrote ' r i n i t of ~ up thew converslon storms live s'o of S's er Paula' So-] from God. I read the Scriptures six years I prayed that I mL,ht] - -- -- -- ,~ phia Girls' col- ! carefully and saw how Christ find a way to enter Christ's trueI~-~ C 0 N E R Y I R E E E X I' E R ! $ [/lege, A j mer /authorized His Church to teach Church. [~r~CRr~j~lj~ . i/Rajasthan, In-Ivy/]all nations in His name. Fur- All ;. ~ a'. Tim,| '*'~|l~ a a a LANDSCAPING SINCE 1923 I] din, I w a s ~[~~[ thermore He appomted t h e 'c'.n,q heard my nraver On a~, 3327 N. Ma,n St Rockford I~reared in the ~~i~Apostle Peter the head saying- visitto m~ -arents in Labore [I . DIAL TR 6 1811 ! I !~' ' ~3 ldii!de ~/iill !~ ii~il ii~!di:il~i~!~ill !a~! ~! tt ~il ~~] I ;::;7~t~:;~ I Best Values Always ]]services andS/ OpFosed hy Husba'nd ' 'Seven :ears later mv hoshan [I I |]Sunday school~[ It is this divinely establish- and our three children followe~ll BEAN I COMPLETE STOCKS Ilin Lal~ore Pun-~]ed authority which safeguardsi t,|1 ," ',In my ioots~eps, lne t~nurcn's J ~ L~queurs J] jab. I rose at- [ the unity of the Catholic Church - |J I~Uftl~ I~I'I~tll~'l~ . creoenums were me strong to ~ll~I: ~I:l~ l%,K J ~ I~ ,~-- ~t Wines JJtended revival meetings of the|so t h a t her members in all resist One of m" dau'~hters]| Presbyterians as I was educat- countries profess the same . " : ~ nd J ~q~(~)]/~ * Cordmls ]1 [ lamed the Sisters of Jesus a J Ro,'kford I " ~, B~,- u,~ua r~ ^~- Ilea m one of tnew mlss]onl~mtn, recewe me same sacra- ,~rar"~. Afte~. ~+he death of m''ll~ " I ~~'~ ]1 sehools. When Igrew up Imar-[ments and acknowledge the n,q ;' ,-t e i 'n,ntis. ~, I .",~- Uver 4u uitrerent Im~ortea J] ' hyoba,fi :olne,~ th M sore tl zUa II. ~rlurcn 3t. ! Beers ond Wines |! ;~sters ot ~3mer. II ~i:: DRIVE IN LIQUORSTORE lr - II ? MAY THEY REST IN PEACE +i / ~ 3523 Auburn St.---Rockford II I wo 5.8481--FREE DELIVERY Jl ~ ~ ~.+.~+~" ~t.;~:}~ ~;~+:~:~;~ ~;~:~:~:~:~:~:~:~:~:~:~:~=~:~:~:~:~* ~;:~:~=:~ ~=::~+:+,~,~:i~i~ r "1 """''''''''''"~ "'"~""~"'~ ~ " ""' ~ Large Perking Area Air Conditioned Chapel A PERSONALIZED SERVICE New Location. More fhao 4S Years Experienced krvi~e , The following clergy of the Diocese of Rockford passed on to their eternal rewards on the dates listed. Your prayers are re- quested for the repose of their souls. September 13, 1940--The Rev. James W. Friedrich, pastor of St. Gall, Elburn, is buried in Chicago. September 13, 1957--The Rev. James Tuomey, chaplain at St. Josepl~ hospital, Elgin, is buried in St. Mary cemetery, Rockford. September 14, 1917--The Rev. John Kilkenny, pastor of St. Mary, New Dublin, and St. Patrick, Maytown. Grant, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that the souls of thy servants, DR. R, L ('ltl.[lfllH OPTOMETRIST :Dia] WO 2-6912 421 E State Thy priests whom in this lii'e Thous didst honor with the sacred I FITZGERALD FUNERAL HOME I[offiee, may rejoice in the glory of heaven forevermore. Amen. I Frank R. Fitzgerald Robert H. fltzprold II I 3600 N. Rockton Ave. -- Rocktord lID 3 glock$ Nottk el Heisted Rd. --" WO $.ae4s I! I~S " You can bank On the Illinois National in more ways than one! Build security for your future with SAVINGS NEWS EVERY NIGHT AT 10 is s~I I IIIi e s~ I Im Sill When you deposit money regularly, even small amounts, you and your family are more secure. Open a Savings Account today. ROOFING COMPANY, Inc. Since 1888 Roofing Acoustics Rockford, Illinois PHONE we 4-6795 Dial we 3-5409 St0ra~e Co, Inc. 330 s. Wyman Rockford, III. IILINOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. South Main at Chestnut Complete banking services: Savings Accounts,Checklno Accounts Christmas Club Vacation Club Trust Services Bate Deposit Boxes Home & Property Improvement Loins Personal Loans Auto Loans Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mail, postage paid both ways Free Parking white you bank Drive-in Facilities,Phone WO 3-3431 Are Delicious Party Ploffers fat all occasions. Tasty Fish Menus For Friday--Take Home Reedy To Serve HUT 3131 AUBURN ST. ROCKFORD WO 3-0944 i j I I1'1 II I1"11 II Serving All Parishes Kishwaukee Dairy=Prompt-Courteous Driver-Solesmen deliver Dairylond s Finest Grade A Milk & Dairy Products in your parish Safeguarded by Modern Sanitary Equipment. KISHWAuKEE DAIRY / H. Lundgren E.k. Bonzi GRADE "A" MILK, CREAM AND DAIRY PRODUCTS Phone WO 4-9921 ROCKFORD 311 Caroline St. FOR FINE FOOD Steaks Chicken Seafood 805 E. State Rockford ii I I In ROCKFORD Far A ~uality and LOW COST Diaper 'Service Dial WO 5-2625 Troxel Knows 115 N. Church TE DRIVE IN EXCHANGE SERVICE Over 1000 New & Rebuilt Radiators In Stock At Our New Locations 769 N. MADISON ST. ROCKFORD RADIATOR REPAIR Dial we 8-9871 COLLINS Y. SUNDBERG Winnebago Count?/ Coroner SUNDBERG FUNERAL Conveniently Located toServ$ Catholic Families in All P~rishas 215 Hall St. W0 2.7743 PAGE 5 POVERTY, PAGANISM WEIGH ON NAVAJO MISSION LAND The missions of the Church are across the street or across the world They are at the end of Bernini's famed colonade in St. Peter's square in Rome, and down a lonely footpath of tropical Africa or in a teeming village of over- crowded India. Jerusalem was the geographical point from which Christ Our Lord sent forth the Apostles to teach, baptize and win all mankind for His cause. That the center of the Church's government became Rome, does not make the Eternal City any less missionary in nature than localities spreading out towards the giant circumference of the world s circle. Indian Mission Stark The missionary labors of the Church are as acute, relatively speaking in Rome or Jeru- salem, as they are in Leopo]dville, in Calcutta, in Ottawa or in Los Angeles. Each generation of the world's people must be won or lost, from the moment of baptism to the deathbed. This fact struck home with a new force a few days ago during a survey of the Navajo Indian territories of north-eastern Arizona. There one finds our "Home Missions" as stark and grim as in most of the world that is deem- ed pagan and "missionary." There one watches the child or the old man as starved of the truths and graces of God within His Church as in any faraway mission land across the Pacifc and Atlantic. Of course, there are thousands among the 90,000 Navajos of Arizona, whose Faith sacrifice and piety match the best of Rome, Dublin, Quebec and Manila. But the confused and misguided thousands re- main a cause for concern, and apostolic labors. As so often among the poorest of the chil- dren of earth, there are too few laborers of the Gospel and too little of this world's means to carry on to early successes There are obstacles too, from governmental regulations, indifference from the Indians themselves, confusion from non-Christian sects, and trouble from a harsh waterless land that breeds alcoholism, sloth, cultural retro- gression and more disease and sickness than we would expect to uncover in 20th century America. Shocking Practices One comes to understand, too, that pagan- ism and pre-Christian idiosyncrasies of re- ligion are as prevalent and real today as they were in the days of Solomon. The age-old re- ligious beliefs and practices of much of this Indian country are a shock to the visitor, if he applies the Christian ruler to measure the rate of progress. The missions of the Church are truly at our elbows and before our faces, as well as across vast seas on other continents. You need only to travel the land of our American Indians to see for yourselves. i The Society for the Propagation of the I Faith 507 Avenue B, Sterling, Illinois I am enclosing my personal gift of $ for the support of Catholic Missions throughout the world. Name Address I City : | iill ii I I i li|iI Ii|lli I! iI