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September 1, 1961     The Observer
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September 1, 1961
 

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SYMBOLS OF SLAVERY AND FREEDOM CLASH IN BERLIN--Symbolic of the enslavement of the people of East Germany and the stifling of freedom everywhere behind the Iron Curtain is the barbed wire and armed guard pictured before the towering dome of St. Michael church on Engeldamm in East Berlin, a remaining symbol of hope. The barbed wire emphasizes the growing intensity of the communist campaign to stop the flow of refugees from the East to the West, through the city of Berlin. In U. S. Catholic Schools Vol. XVI---No. 35 0 WASHINGTON-- (NC)--The current international c r i s i s makes it essential for U. S. la- bor and management to work together, the Eocial Action de- partment, National Catholic Welfare Conference, has de- clared. The department, whose di- rector is Msgr. George G. Hig- gins, said in its annual Labor Day statement: Social Justice "The future of freedom all over the world depends to a considerable degree on the health of the American econo- my and . . . this, in turn, de- pends more than ever before on the willingness of labor and management to subordinate their own particular interests to the dictates of social justice and to think and act in terms of the national and interna- tional common good." Underlining the gravity of the present world situation, the NCWC department said it is "possible . . . that by 1970 the forces of freedom throughout the 'world will have decisively won or, God forbid, decisively lost the so-called cold war." Government's Part Government has an "indis- Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese ROCKFORD, SEPTEMBER 1, 1961 FlSlS wages and profits to create full employment and promote the national economic welfare. --How to create "a more equitable balance" between the wages of various classes of workers and between the wages of workers and other groups in the economy. Foreign Competition --How to meet "the growing problem of foreign competition in manufactured goods" without imposing restrictive tariffs "or other forms of economic na- tionalism." --How to "prevent or at least to reduce the number of costly strikes and lockouts." --How to "rehabilitate" de- pressed areas of the country and how to retrain workers left behind in these areas without means of supporting themselves or their families --How to end discrimination in industry and promote equal employment opportunity for lems acting separately or co- operatively, the solution of other 10 PAGES AMERICAN CREATED BISHOP FOR KOREA--Maryknoll Bishop William J. MeNaughton, M~M kneels before Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston, during consecration cere- monies in St. Mary's Church, Lawrence, Mass. The 34.year-old bishop, the youngest in Mary- knoll's history and one of the youngest in the Catholic Church today, will become the spiritual leader of the Vicariate of Inehon, Korea. Bishop McNaughton will head a mission territory con- taining an estimated 650,000 persons and located perilously close to Red-held North Korea A native of Lawrence, he is a veteran of seven years in the Korea missions. pensable" part in solving the problems will require "a com- nation's economic problems, the bination of private initiative II4~]F ~J AT ~ MArL-~ D A ~" lr ~ ,^cu,~,f. o r --'-~- 1 ~^ statement continued, but "the and public policy," the Social I][tFI.AI l~Z'llVll9 1k211~1~1 vvnoL~'IUt~ --- (I~) -- ine,es was iouna in ivlllwaugee nlgn s c n o o i s: ~ao,luu, a~ .~ ;~.q'+ ,+,~.~ +k . ~ i - ' .- chains 880 373 the ~ast ~ear' -~s~J 1,j ~or p ~ ,e ~ction department said," woria's largest pmvate scnomtwnere ~,uuu graouates o~ ChinO- ~ ' ~ " ~rinci"les of social -'ustice in'o " " " . . Colleges and universities: 245-*" P J ~ As an example'it cited un- ~ystem becomes even larger this hc grade schools could not be .~^ '. practice and for promoting eco- em ~i [ WL~J'llWWnJ'i~ ~ "~m'~ 1 ~U, as agams~ ~v,~o~ me past . p oymem, wmcn 1~ sam can r nomlc rowth and economlc l~t|l|l~t~-]-~.tt~ll September when about 5,648,000 en oiled in Catholic high schools year . g " only be solved through a coor- k students are expected to enter!and about 15,000 children ~erel No estimate is available on ,Pmr:g:e~ithes::~ofrl?tndanmda::r:"idinated approach in which pub- --- U S Catholic institutions, turned away from Catholic the number of schools But last ~,~,g-- lic and private action mutually[ ~/-ll ~ -] 6~ ~" This will represent another grade schools for lack of space, year there were 10,438 elemen- ~ut ~f ,b J reinforce one another. I Will ]P ~XC ,~ti ~ ~ ~.;~ u~ ~, ~o~h Shortages are not confined to tary schools, 2 392 high schools -- -. %~----~.:'" Unemnloyment Problem I ,~ ,=,~u,u ,~, =,~ ~ = ~ .-~.o - he r r ' I '. . canno~ WOrK togemer, govern- /- . . t la ge dmceses. The Dmcese and 267 Cathohc colleges urn- The statement emphasized[ ROCKFORD An attendance[rangements of the Holy Name :llieC;:~:g;s s:h:o~:C ;:s~rY::rd, th~aWlith~:,esK:o~ ehxaseteaPOjte: versi:~es and trammgco!leges, mj;:s~ngY ::Vp~lslnyrV:rbet:: the gravity of the un~ploy-[exceeding 20 000 is expected for Irally is the registration of offi- p -acco omg to me ~w~ oepart-. men -~roblem b- notin- tha*~ ' ' ~lon me statement warneo P 2 ~ r r the Diocesan Holy Name rally real parish delegates Thin reg they listed 5 470 100 students on c ease in g ade school enroll- ment ,~ ". - [ " ' [ " ' " - ' ' " ' znis woma De a very uaiorrnenumoer oz jonmssis now their rolls ment this year because it lacks The students in Catholic grade " runnin- at seven "-er c~n* of[at Beyer stadium here Sunday, I~stratlon, according to the re- " classroom an r,mna~e aevmopmenL z o r " it ~ P = ~ ,~,~^~; ~ ^ ^.~ "~ s d teache s for schools, high schools and col- - *h~ w~ ~n h " =p Sept 24. Theme of the rally, quest of the diocesan director -,~,-*)~ s,~ ~u~ :,~ high ~or n~ Th~,~i h~ in ~ ~ ~, ~. mlgnt wen s~gnanze me oegm rce and t at it W~ ,[ " 1 scnoms nave nau a 10v per cent -" ~ ~.~ ~ --*~ - -=s ~=,~, ~e,= ~aus,~ ~Y~ning of the end of industrial lbe necessary to create 25 000[The Christian Response to/of Holy N a m e societies, the increase m elr enrollments ' " s "f o ~n w 'obs each week or a to~al~ " th " 729 pupils m elementary grades 176 375 teachers Of the total, e -- ~ 9 np~ ; .~ ~o ~, oo ~.^ ~^~,~ ,~ =~ e~-g vernment through free 3 [Communism, will be developed Rev. A. J O Neill, ~s to take . ii 1 i t?k:e ibsebyet :ly ~l~y4~/he~huYceAr~eaai:t~;u~Pfl tch~i~cth~i~iie~Ytm:Snt>::~ !i" 0e:~rio:!!d!l:a anPiehigh :2~h ls :~:lle;:tei~:al~ie~ :bed'S : o 3 hF:l~,jpe;:::n' th:tM::t1 :laa/:o~S:~:l:h::dO~' thwe.t::;e boom pe t bo t 38, 00,000 r I ~^ ~,~ number of workers ~Director of the Society for the I official list forwarded to rally pl:::d starthne /hiSlitg[/w~hmah:; r ~eemn~ntary schools: 4,469,000, pu:ilsSe ~his Sl:P~ymbe~ tatalmf out'Tha~le~der:~o~abPor'a:d The NCWC department urgedlPropagatlon of the Faith, and !headquarters no later than as against 4 359,962 in the past 37 300 000 according to the U S management are now meeting labor and management to work renowned churchman and TV Tuesday, Sept 12 The official Catholic dioceses, caught be~ " " Office of Education. school year. , In This Issue t ,lCS together in the recently estab- lished National Labor-Manage. ment advisory c o m m i t t e e. Though seeing this as a hopeful development, the Social Action department nevertheless stress- ed that the committee of labor and management leaders must cope with "many urgent prob- lems," among them: --How to deal with loss of jobs caused by automation and with the growing work force --How to balance prices well as a model for the reli- engineers--but the. closer we get gious artist through the rich- to the arts, the more unwilling hess and variety of its literary "we aeem to be to disclaim corn- forms -- poetry, lament, dia-petency." logue, epic, popular traditions, "Se we have a tradition of hir- religious history and others, ing in the arts the kind of yes- Suffers From Poverty "The artist concerned with the sacred arts could desire no greater freedom than the writ- ers of the Scripture books pos- sessed," he said. "Subjection to t r u t h, yes, bowing under the Word of God but in the proclamation of that Word employing every hu- man trick, every skill, every literary talent and every type of literary form." But despite the richness of the Scriptural model, he con- tinued, U.S. Catholic religious art is at present suffering from poverty. Material Obstacles One reason, he said, is that "we won't have artists dedi- OKLAHOMA CITY- (NC)-- An educator complained here that U.8. Catholics, in their at- titude to church art, have given allegiance to the "cult of the vulgar and the ugly." Father Robert W. Hovda told the 22nd North American Li- turgical Week t h a t bad reli- gious art is "vicious and evil because it negates and distorts and devitalizes the Gospel mes- sage." Bad religious art "opposes and counteracts the source~ of the Word (of God), contradicts them, fights t h e m," Father Hovda, a member of the reli- gious education department at the C a t h o 1 i c University of America, said. Bible Provides Source "And where it does not utter- ly vanquish them, it reduces the Word experienced in them from the high level of mYstery to the low level of moralism or even superstition," he added, cared to the sacred until the Father Hovda, addressing a~ concrete institutions of the liv- Liturgical Week session on art ing Church employ them and pay the salaries that will feed their children And this obvious- ly is not happening, with the exception of a very few plac- es." Father Hovda noted the para- dox that priests "will hire ex- cellent electricians, competent plumbers, professional heating and architecture, declared that the Bible provides the sacred arts with "the prime source of their content, their ideas and with sufficient breadth and va- riety in its communication of those ideas to satisfy the most universal artistic genius." lie said the Bible serves as man arid you-know-best-Father man, the second and third rate architect and artist, who will give us what we want," he said. "And since most priests and people want what they are ac- customed to, you can see what progress this system--and it is a system--promises." He urged Catholics to recog- nize that "the very talent of the artist has something in it very close to religion, w h a t- ever his own faith or lack of faith may be." Leads to Christ Frank Kacmarcik of St. Paul, Minn told the art and architec- ~ture study group that, like the together for the common good Quoting from the recent so- cial encyclical of Pope John, the statement said it is "indispens- able to put aside our selfish interests and to be guided in the field of industrial relations by 'the motives of justice and equity, to the advantage of both sides, invoking as necessary both the intervention of the State and the honest and loyal action of tie interested par- ties.' " Name official delegates from the parishes of the diocese in addition to spectators who will occupy the permanent and aux-I diary s e at s in the stadium bleachers and areas surround- ing the playing field. An important item in the ar- Sacred or Vulgar? :priest, the religous artist must strive to lead people to Christ. "It is never his function to impress the people, but to ex- press the holy and sacred," Kacmarcik said. "For his essential responsibil- ity is to communicate to them, THE CRUCIFIXION-,This unusual impressionistic painting o! to teach them -- not to please "The Crucifixion" is the work of William Congdon, a well-known them, not to give them what! American artist and a convert to Catholicism. Congdou has they want in an age when they, an:~i turned, his art toward Christ.centered. abstractions and other hardly reach can the truth goodness of real beauty," he[~i Christian ,mysteries, which he hope~ will l~ov~ "e new and said. I sacred art." (NC photo) delegates will take part in the rally procession within the sta- dium and will have reserved places immediately in front of the speakers' platform. Pre-Rally Program The procession of color guard, honor guard, clergy, hierarchy, civil officials and ~oly Name delegates will begin at 4 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 24. This official opening of the rally will be pre- ceded by a program featuring a drill by the prize-winning Pur- ple Knights Drum and Bugle Corps, selections of a cappella music by the vested choir of St. Patrick church, Rockford, un- der the direction of Mr. Karl Gartner, and a number of selec- tions by the massed bands of the diocesan high schools under the direction of Mr. Joseph Guz- zardo. The pre-rally program is scheduled for 3:20 p.m. as the rally spectators are expected to fill the stadium early. The committee on seating ar- ,rangements advises that a spe- ~cial sectmn will be reserved for l those spectators who prefer to! stand for the rally procession. Those who bring their own fold- ing chairs will be seated in the asphalt track area after the ra!-i ly procession. The parking committee is making special arrangements to facilitate preferential parking for buses used by delegates and spectators from those parishes where this kind of transporta- tion has been arranged. An ad- ditional nine-acre parking area will be available near the sta- dium. The OBSERVER will pub- lish a map of the stadium and surrounding area in issues im- mediately before the rally. While the forthcoming event is sponsored by the Holy Name members, the rally committee has planned the event for the general public. tween larger numbers of pupils and fewer teachers, is indicated in various ways. In Detroit, to help parents find room for their children, the Archdiocesan newspaper, the Michigan Catholic, published a list of schools with some vacant seats. In St. Louis, two new par- ishes will be founded without schools, the first to do this in 30 years. In St. Paul and Cincinnati, some Catholic e 1 e m e n t a r y schools are opening without one or more of the lower grades. In Chicago, whose 531 Catholic sdhools form the nation's biggest private school system, about 376,000 pupils are expected, an increase of 11,000. How many pupils will be turn- ed away is not known. But Mgrs. Frederick G. Hochwalt, director of the education depart- ment of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, said earlier this year that a "shortage of parochial school desk spaces in the thousands will be reported." He said that a typical situation in a recent spot check of dioces- 1Nuns Drinking? Rumor 'Empty' ERIE, Pc. --(NC)-- Rumors cropped up about the venerable halls of Villa Maria college here being lined with empty liquor' cases. Investigation proved the rumors true, but also ~lisclosed the Sisters of St. Joseph were just getting ready to move. The Sisters, starting the long job of packing for a shift to Villa's new campus and physical plant, looked about for boxes. A lay helper at .the college sug- Atheist Takes. Office Minus Oath of Faith ROCKVILLE, Md.--(NC)--For the first time in Maryland his- tory a man has become a Mary- land public official without hav- ing to state that he believes in God on taking office. Roy Torcaso of When on, Md who calls himself an athetist was the principal figure in the historic ceremony, which was made possible by a ruling of the Uo S. Supreme Court. Unconstitutional Test ' The court on June 19 upheld Torcaso's contention that a state may not require a declaration of belief in the existence of God as a condition for holding public office. It ruled that such a re- i quirement, which had been pro- ]vided under the Maryland con- stitution, is an unconstitutional "religious test for public office.'" On the basis of this ruling Tor- caso was able to take his oath as a Montgomery County notary public Without swearing to his belief in God. "Beliefs' In Danger Torcaso said after the cere. mony in the office, of Circuit Court Clerk Clayton K. Wat- kins that he considers his efforts to be in the public interest. "People sometimes don't un- derstand that when my religious beliefs are in danger, every- body's beliefs are in danger," he said. Aides to the clerk said the us- ual o~th, containing the declara- tion o~ belief in God's existence, will continue to be administered to p:~blic officials except in those~cases where an objection is raised. gested liquor cartons because "they're sturdy, and they'~e clean." Local liquor stores came to the rescue of the nuns. In the midst of a wall solidly stacked with gin, whiskey, rye, cham- pagne, and vodka cartons was one lonely and unpretentious carton. It was labeled, "Angel- = Marshmallows." Catholic Charity, Vincenfians Plan September Talks TOLEDO, (NC) -- The 47th annual meeting of the National Conference of Catholic Chari- ties and the annual meeting of the St. Vincent de Paul society will be held here Sept. 22 to 26. The two groups will m e e t jointly on two of the convention days, September 22 and 23, On the other three days they will hold separate meetings. The Commodore Perry hotel will be the headquarters for the Catholic Charities meeting, while the St. Vincent de Paul society will meet in the $ecor mtel. The charities conference will ;ponsor a series of workshops on September 25 and 26. They will deal with such topics as the iproblems of institutional living: careers in Catholic Charities; the relationship of Catholic Charities to Federal and state agencies; youth; problems of ;he aging; and adoption. 1'