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Rockford, Illinois
August 18, 1961     The Observer
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August 18, 1961

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ROCKFORD--Boylan Central Catholic high school will com- mence its second scholastic year Sept. 6. with an enrollment of 325 freshmen and 315 sophomores, a total ot 640 students. The nearly completed plant will provide many new opportunities tot educational development. Sophomore students will begin their explorations in science in the two biology laboratories on the second floor of the acade- mic wing. These two labs, equipped with green welded fi- ber top tables, will each serv- ice approximately thirty stu- dents. A plant room equipped with a germinating bed con- nects the 1,TO laboratories. A special project room completes the biology unit. Home Economics Labs :For those students eager to develop talents in home eco- nomics. Boylan opens its mod- ern foods and clothing labora- tories. The six unit foods room with its gas and electric rang- as, refrigerator, washers, dryer, formica counter-tops and dur- able cupboards will provide ample opportunity for acquir- ing !OrofiCiency in hofisekeep- ing skills in the pleasant aes- THE OBSERVER CATHOLICS HOLD VARIETY OF OPINIONS ON FEDERAL AID I the Mass each day. Should more Following is the second of a series of four articles o~ the space be required lor Mass at- debate over Federal aid to education ]or parochial and other tendance, folding doors in the rear ot the chapel can be open- ed to the library reading room. Athletic Department Facilitating activity in the athletic department is the corn- ]private schools. The author, Whose background includes some 15 l books in the fields of philosophy, religion and education, is research professor of theology at the University of Notre Dante. BY FATHER JOHN A. O'BRIEN (N.C.W.C. News Service) WHAT IS~'THE POSITION OF CATHOLICS ON THE NEED various areas so that several In terms of belief and discipline, there is no "Catholic" posi- classes may use the facilities at tion on Fedei~aI aid. There are.only positions held by Catholics. the same time'. The boys' lock- That is why the hierarchy advised Catholics to Study the facts er room is divided into two sac- and reach their own conclusions. tions one for the team and one Thus Archbishop Karl J. Alter of Cincinnati chairman Of the for physical education. Visiting Administrative Board of the National Cathoiic Welfare Con- lic service and should be included by the government in any program to achieve educational excellence To refuse to make public benefits available through these schools is to discriminate against them in favor of a religiously neutral school system. Many of the Foundirg Fathers of the Republic vv'ou]d be shocked at such discrimination. More im- portantly, such discrimination will frustrate the achievement of the proclaimed objective of Federal aid. "the maximum de- velopment of every young American's capacity." HOW MANY STUDENTS ARE ENROLLED IN CATHOLIC SCHOOLS? A total of 5.663.648 students in 13.961 schools according to the 1961 Official Catholic Directory. Of thse. 321.000 are in 267 colleges and universities, 41.871 in 537 seminaries 886.295 in 2.433 high schools, and 4,414.482 in 10.724 elementary schools. They are taught by 168.677 full-time teachers, and the operating costs per year amount to about $2.3 billion. Approximately the same number of Catholic students are also enrolled in public schools. In many large cities a substan- tial percentage of the total public and private school enrollment is in Catholic schools; for example: Chicago 34 per cent; Phila- delphia 39 per cent; and Pittsburgh 42 per cent. WHAT IS THE ENROLLMENT IN OTHER CHURCH-SUP- PORTED SCHOOLS? PAGE 71: FATHER "HEARS" CONFI~SSIONS -- Above the ReD. Aide Petrini, chaplain of the Newman club at Gallaudet college in thetic atmosphere of appropri- ate color harmonies Tlle cloth- athletic program which will do ing lab with its Sixteen blond-justice to the facilities at its wood machines and its cutting disposal. tables w i l l entice the young The completion of the beauti- dressmaker to experiment with ful auditorium will also provide styles opportunity to have the Boylan Boys will have the opportuni- students grow culturally. The ty for training in manual skill acoustically perfected hall has in the corresponding woodwork-a seating capacity of 850 per- ing shop in the north wing of sons. the building. The metal shop Cafeteria Seats 500 and mechanical drawing rooms Boylan will be able to look will not be used during the 196l- forward to enjoyable lunch per- 62 academic year. iods in the new cafeteria at the Music Department southwest end of the building. The music department of Boy- The wood-paneled room has seat- [an high school also opens up ing accomodations for 500 stu- new avenues for growth in mu- dents. To lend a further pleas- sical talents and appreciation, ant atmosphere to social activi- A freshman chorus, sophomore ties the cafeteria has been pro- chorus; girls' glee club and vided with nine booths and a koys' glee club will afford vocal built-in soda fountain. opportunities on a group level, while private instruction in or- gan piano and voice will be given to advanced and begin- ning students of Boylan and the surrounding area. The Boylan band will also begin operation in September. To further these activities the music area with its large band r o o m, choral room, storage rooms and seven soundproof practice rooms will be available for students' and instructors' use. Library Opens Students attending Boylan in Marmion High September will be able to as- suage their intellectual curiosi- To Open Se 5 ty in the spacious, well-lighted D.t. library across the open court from the academic wing. This AURORA--Marmion Militar library with its furnishings of Academy will begin the school deep walnut will seat Over 150 year with the largest enroll- student researchists. The librar, ment in the history of the school an plans to have at least 1000 Sept. 5. Two hundred sixty-five cadets are registered at the books available to students boarding academy on Butterfield when they arrive in September road and 525 will attend the and will continue to swell that Lake street campus. number throughout the acade- mic year. Student aids to the Freshmen wilt have three days librarian will be trained to as- of military orientation on Aug. sist the librarian m the develop- 30, 31 and Sept. 1. First day of ment and operation of the li- academic classes is Sept. 5. The brary. Solemn High Mass formally op- Boylan students may a 1 s o ening the school year for the avail themselves of the spiri~u- entire cadet corps will be offer- al advantages inherent in ed Sept. 6. Christ's Eucharistic presence. Joining the faculty this year The chapel, capable of accom- are: Hank Berg, ~arsity basket- modating approximately 120 stu- ball coach and instructor of Eng- dents, will be open for student lish: John E. Hirmer, chemis- visit throughout the day. Mass try; Thomas W. McCormick, will be said dhily and a certain English; Arthur Droegemeier, proportion of the Boylan stu-mathematics; and Frank Rizzo, dent body will be abl~ to attend Latin. career-wise casuals by l'endleton" * Topmaster jacket * Box Neat S rt 95 each Adapt~le chrl{ngg the separates ot the season '. beautifully poised and entirely dostnme-making, The smart little jacket is fully lined to slip easily over blouse or sweater. The skirt shows Pendleton's adherence to sharp tailoring in each crisp pleat. Both 8-16 in a choice of inspired UPendlcton Country" plaids. Co rej b///'4rod/earn ALWAYS VIRGIN WOOL Sportswear Mezzanine 112 West State Rockford, Ill. Washington, demonstrates how he "hears" student confessions in sign language. Gallaudet is the only college in the world for the deaf. About 400,000 students Lutheran have 180000 students in ~ . in Partdispute.Of theAdvocatesproblem,andOf courSe,opponentsiS thatof Federalthe faCtSaidthemselVeSargue vigorare approximately 1,500 schools, including 30 high schools Epis- ~ere s More Abort[ ously over state financial capabilities, classroom shortages, and copalians have 480 schools with a total enrollment of 37,000. f~'m . . -r~ "~ * the qualifications and salaries of teachers Other denominations have about 200,000 students in their,ihllq~|ll~::1131 mfl~gllllltl'i~lll-llgllllql schools, x ~ststst str ~stLgsut .LU~LttU~L,~I,L~ tJt~ WHAT ARE TIlE FINDINGS OF SEVERAL DISINTER- ESTED RESEARCH STUDIES?, ' HOW MANY ARE ENROLLED IN OTHER PRIVATE Continued from Page 1B dedicated our efforts, we mu SCHOOLS? youth of the Church Universal~see to it that first things a: 1. In "Taxes for the Schools,' published by the Institute for About 900,000 students. This makes a total of about 6.8 rail- were blind to the frill meaning kept first. If, as is so true todd Social Science Research, Roger A. Freeman reaches the con- lion students in private schools, about one-fifth the number of this universality. This period we cannot hope to educate elusion that all the needs 0f the elementary and secondary pub- in public schools, of international crisis will be re- our Catholic children in tl lic schools can easily be met from state and local tax resources. D lieved only by those who per- Catholic schools, those who ha, He shows that public school enrollment in the last 20 years has u "i'lll~i~ I'RIVATE ~CHOOLS GREATLY REDUCE ~, ,u^ ~, ~ .~ u^ the onr~rtunity to receive tb SCHOOL TAXt~'~ ,~v~ m~ WL,~ v~;~u~v anu w,u . ,-~--- . gone up 42 per cent while public school expenditures have shot Yes The avera-e annual o recognize the oneness of man- particular form of educatmn u up 567 per cent. Even allowing for inflation, these figures show - g c st Ior me eaucanon ot a pupli kind in the plan of God der the auspices of the Chur, the ability of localities to support increases in school enrollment in a public elementary and secondary school is $496, and for a .~r o~ffi ~--~. ~ should receive the best educ 2. The alleged classroom shortage is also questionable. In College or university student is $1,414.05 This means that Catho- IINIJI;3JU~IN;~2-MDId~ tion that we can offer to ther December, 1959, Louis Conger, chief of the Projection Section lics alone, by bearirig the whole cost of" educating 5,300,777 ele- ELEMENT It will be the very best if dec in the U. S. Office of Education, estimated that 61,000 new class- mentary and high school pupils and 321,000 college and univer- To accomplish all these things, cated teachers, employing pr rooms would be needed annually during the ensuing ten years. If we add the savings affected by the education of the 400 000 both Religious and lax, are the inative, have their efforts gui sity students, reduce the public school tax by $3,083,095,442. dedicated teaching personnel grams that are sound and ima tuallyBUt withOUtrunningFederalat a higheraid' classrOOmrate thanC nstructi nthat for morehaS thanbeenfiveaC" students in other church-related schools and 900,000 in non- indispensable elemen(i'n our ed- ed by a clear understanding years already. . denominational schools, the educational tax bill of the general ucational endeavor The finest the objectives of Christian ed 3. The number of teachers and their salaries have also been public is reduced more than another billion--a total savings physical plants that'we can build cation increasing. Between 1953 and 1959, the certified staff in public well in excess of $4 billion, will contribute nothing to the Our work then will indeed 1 schools increased 34 per cent while the number of pupils grew DO PARENTS WHO SEND THEIR OWN CHILDREN TO!educati n of our children if they blessed. Parents will then ha, by only 25 per cent. Teachers' salaries have increased 40 per PRIVATE NONPROFIT SCHOOLS PAY ADDITIONAL FUND~ ~ are not staffed by competent, reason to rejoice that the ed cent in ronstant dollars since 1950. FOR THE EDUCATION OF OTHER CHILDREN? Hence. the objective findings of disinterested research show Yes. After paying for the education of their own children that the need for the Federal government to enter into education parents are taxed for the education of their neighbors' childrei on the elementary or secondary school levels is at least open in the public schools. This means that they carry double their to question and discussion, share of the educational burden. But that is not all. On the $4 WHO ARE THE CHIEF PROPONENTS OF FEDERAL AID? billion they pay for the education of their children in private Public school teachers and administrators, especially through nonprofit schools, parents are subjected to still another financial their organizations, the National Education Association and the outlay, the income tax exacted by the Federal and state govern- Council of Chief State School Officers. ]ments. Incredible as it seems, the payments made for the education WHAT IS THE POSITION OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS ON] of their chilc}ren in independent nonprofit schools, though they NONPROFIT INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS SHARING IN ANYI save other parents more than $4 billion, are not deductible. This FEDERAL AID PROGRAM? ]means these parents bear a triple financial burden for the edu- Speaking in behalf of the Bishops previously mentioned]cation of the nation's youth. Archbishop Aker said: "In the event that there is Federal aidI IS THIS FACT GENERALLY KNOWN? to education we are deeply convinced that in justice, Catholic No. Comparatively few people are aware of the staggering school children should be given the rigl~t to participate." Simi- financial burden placed upon parents who send their children Iarly, Cardinal Ritter remarked: "Public funds are raised ~0r to any private nonprofit school, church-related or nondenomi- the educational benefit of the children in America, then all chil- national. dren should share in that beneht. WHAT IS THE POSITION OF THE CATHOLIC LAITY ON IS THIS TRIPLE BURDEN FAIR? No. It is disciminatory, unfair, unjust and inequitable. It FEDERALNONPROFITAIDINDEPENDENTpRoGRAM? SCHOOLS SHARING IN ANY can be reconciled only with the greatest ciifficulty to the con- Althoughthere have been a few dissenting voices, the public stitutional guarantee of equal protection of the laws. statements of leading Catholic laymen and laywomen and of WHAT WOULD THE PROPOSED FEDERAL AID TO ELE- their organizations have been in vigorous, support of the right MENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOLS MEAN TAX-WISE TO MIL- '1 " . . LIONS OF PARENTS? of a~ parents, children, and schools to share m any massive It would mean that the parents who send their children to Federal educational program. private nonprofit schools are to be subjected to still another WHY DO CATHOLICS BELIEVE THAT ALL SCHOOL heavY financial burden--a fourth--from which their children CHILDREN SHOULD SHARE IN THE BENEFITS OF ANY would derive no assistance. They are expressly excluded from FEDERAL AID PROGRAM? sharing in any of the benefits--a direct contradiction of the 'It is unthinkable," declared Cardinal Spellman of New York, announced purpose of the bill: "the maximum development of hat any American child be demed Federal funds because his every young American's capacity." parents choose for him a God-centered education." Catholics ISN'T IT TRUE, THOUGH, THAT EVERYONE PAYS PUB- think it un-American for the Federal government to say: "We LIC SCHOOL TAXES. WHETHER HE HAS CHILDREN IN will help you educate your child, and help him to %ecome a more useful citizen, but only if you send him to a school in which he will learn nothing about his Catholic faith from the age of six to eighteen.' WHAT IS THE PRINCIPAL ARGUMENT USED BY THOSE WHO WISH TO EXCLUDE PRIVATESCHOOLS FROM FED- ERAL AID? The principal argument they use is that including private schools in the Federal program would violate the separation of Church and. State, which they say is commanded by the First Amendment. WHAT DOES THE FIRST AMENDMENT SAY* It says: "Congress shall make no law regarding an estab- lishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." By forbidding the establishment of a national or state church it safeguards the religious liberty of the individual. But it also does more; it forbids the Federal government to lay burdens on the exercise of rehgious freedom which are not reasonably necessary to the attainment of important national purposes. DO THE NONPROFIT SCIIOOLS CONDUCTED BY PRO- TESTANTS, JEWS, AND CATHOLICS RENDER A PUBLIC AS WELL AS A PRIVATE SERVICE? Yes. In addition to teaching religion, these schools teach, with a competence equal to that of the public schools, tl'le secular subjects taught in the latter. They thus render a valuable pub- MOVI Industry I" Day and Evening Production Management Motion-Time Study Production Control Wage and Salary Administration In Electro-Mechanic Technician Drafting Architectural Drafting Tool Design Machine Design High School Education Required Call WO 4-9459 or call at the office for information RD EN EERI Division of Rockford School of Busines 319 W. Jefferson Street Rockford, Illinois THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OR NOT, AND THAT EVERYONE BENEFITS FROM THE EDUCATION GIVEN TO CHILDREN IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS? Yes. But people who are both taxpayers and parents do not benefit equally from taxes and the public school system. Those who send their children to public schools do not have any addi- tional educational expense; those who send their children to private nonprofit schools must shell out considerable extra money for the education of their children. The following is the list of text books adopted by the Text- book Committees this past year and to be used hereafter in the Diocesan School System: READERS Basic: Faith and Freedom Series (Revised Edi- I . . tmn puk/hshed by Gmn and Company, Chi- cago, Illinois. This includes text, workbook and accompanying Literary Reader for each grade level. Remedial: Developmental Reading Series (Class- mate Edition) published by Lyons and Car- nahan, Chicago, Illinois. Supplementary: Cathedral Basic Series (Revised Edition) published by Scott Foresman Com- pany, Chicago, Illinois. SPELLERS Basic Goals in Spe]ting (Catholic Edition) by Kottmeye% Ware and Hoflich, published by Webster Publishing Company, St. Louis. Back to School Clothes With You in Mind 9 NO. VAN BUREN AVE. FREEPORT highly-motivated teachers. They cation that is imparted to the enter directly into our calcula- children in our schools is ful tions because they, almost more integrated with that which is b than anything else. determine ing given by conscientious pa the rate at which we can hope ents in the home. All the el to see our Catholic schools grow. [ ments that contribute to the fc If the m o r e than 5 million l. marion of the child, whether students who are educated in!home or in the school, are gui our schools are to have given led by the conviction that it to them the formation which is;our task to help form the chi their due and to which we have lacc0rding to the mind of Chris Madonna Will Open Sept. 5 AURORA -- Madonna High oi the following: Sister M. H School wil! open its doors toitru.dis, Principal; Sister ! about 200 freshmen when theAhnda, language and soc] Istudies; Sister M. Annunci 1961 196z scnool year negms at' - ibusiness; Sister M. Ansilic 9:00 a.m. on Tues Sept. 5. Atttart; Sister M. Caritas, Engli: this time sophomores, juniors and homemaking; Sister and seniors will meet in their Clarenne, biology and mat~ respective homerooms to re-~matics; Sister M. Cyriaka, s~ ceive schedules and orientation]ence; Sister M. Engratia, la~ instructions, guage; Sister M. Eustelle, m Freshmen will assemble in sic; Sister M. Francilda, dome the gym where Sister M. Hil- tic work; Sister M. Grace, s, trudis, O.S.F principal, will ence and mathematics; Mrs. greet them and assign them to Hickey, music; Sister M. Ho homerooms After initial in-oria, domestic work; Mrs. structions and explanations of Jay, clothing; Sister M. Judi~ schedules are given, students speech and drama; Sister 1 will be dismissed Kathleen, portress; Sister l Book bills and fees may be Kenneth, librarian; Sister paid on this day after dismissal Lawrence, music; Mrs. M. Ma or they may be paid during the Donald, clothing teacher ai same afternoon. The first se-Sister M. Martina, English; S! mester tuition deadline is Janu- ter M Pancratia, social scienc~ ary 1. }Mrs. V. Pettit, physical educ This year the school day will]tion; Mr. W. Phillips, driv begin at 8:00 a.m. and dismissleducation; Sister Pio Marl at 3:15 p.m. On Friday, Sep-lEnglish; Miss J. Pliska, scien tember 8, the high Mass inland mathematics; Sister honor of the Holy Ghost willlSamuella, mathematics; Miss 1 mark the official opening oflStrieggel, English and soci school. [studies; Mr. J. Tafoya, musi The Madonna faculty for- the Sister M. Therese, business; Si 1961-1962 school year consists ter M. Zoe, language~ II I * Send em to school ,n Black & White Saddle NOW-- a black and white saddle shoemade especially for young feet that need EXTRA SUPPORT. w s, ,~,u s. ~,EA~,ER~,O,O I / ,] /VOTAN I ~ ~INSIDE I ~A BROAD ~, ~ ] SUPER ~ ~%."~1~ LEATHER k (-~ / ] STEEL ~,/ SOLE ~ ~/C 0 U N T l: R S X~ J SHANK Girls' sizes $6.95 ~0 s8.95 Ladies' sizes Sl 1.95 TO s15.95 Come In - We Take Time To Fit Young Feet Carefully Sl 2nd FloOr Rockford Trust Bldg. WO 4-1225