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August 11, 1961     The Observer
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FRIDAY, AUGUST II, 1961 THE OBSERVER PAGE 7 READY FOR OCCUPANCY--This new contemporary two-story brick rectory at St. Stanislaus Kostka church in Rockford is ready for occupancy except for the laying of the tile on the floors according to the ReD. Roman Malkowski, pastor. The new building is part of a combined structure being completed on the corner of Magnolia street and Buckbee avenue a cost of approximately $400,000. The rectory is designed to provide for conference rooms and offices in addition to living quarters for the priests and housekeeper. The basement be- neath the church will be used in the future as a large meeting room with space provided for a kitchen, coat rooms and other facilities. (Observer photos) Rockford CHURCH INTERIOR PROGRESSING RAPIDLY -- This interior photograph of St. Stanislaus church shows that construction on the new church is progressing rapidly. Contract calls for occupancy by Sept. 1. At the present time the exterior of the new structure is completed and the sanctuary is fast nearing completion. Work is also moving ahead on the stained glass side windows and the faceted stained glass entrance which will be the focus of attention. After Aug- ust 15th, electrical work will be started as will work on the church furniture and the main al. tar. Simplicity will be the keynote of the interior. The church is designed to seat approximate- ly 500. Architects are Hubbard and Hyland. WASHINGTON -- (NC) -- A Latin American Secretariat fpr. Academic Services will be established here in October to pro- mote closer cooperation between the Catholic school systems of North and South America. The new secretariat will bel headedby a L a t i n American . IMontevldeo, Uruguay, for press prmst to be named by the Late l activities; one at Rio de Janeiro, Amerman Bishops C o u n c 11 " I Brazil for radio and televis- (CELAM) It will have its head- -'-n '- ~- ",IU ; aIIU UUf ~tL I.AIIII~, x-tsru, quarters on the campus of the for motion victures Catholic University of America.l The CPA -study group was Purpose Explained headed by the ReD. Albert J. Chief purpose of the secretar- Nevins, M.M president of the fat will be to help Catholic edu- CPA and editor of Maryknoll cators in Latin America, where Catholic school systems are ex- panding, in drawing on the ex- perience of North American Catholic educators. It will also be concerned with inter-American teacher exchange programs and with matters re- lating to Latin American stu- dents studying in the U. S. But it will not function as a clear- ing-house for Latin American students. Announce Plans Plans for the secretariat were made public here following conferences between represent- atives of CELAM and the U. S. Bishops. Those taking part in the talks included Msgr. Julian Mendoza Guerrero, general secretary of the CELAM secretariat in Bo- gota, Colombia, and the ReD. a[ohn J. Considine, M.M di- Jctor of the L a t i n America ~ureau, National Catholic Wel- fare Conference. The sessions also included two days of talks with the Rev. Marcel Gerin of the Office of Latin American Affairs at the magazine. Other members were Floyd Anderson, CPA vice presi- dent and editor of the Advocate, Newark, N. J and Joseph Sul- livan, head of the Sullivan Brothers Printing Company, Lowell, Mass. Increasing Understanding Msgr. Mendoza was enthusi- astic about the "increasing un- ion and understanding among the Catholics of the U. S Can- ada and Latin America." He said this development "can mean as much for the things of the spirit as can such other developments as the con- !terence in Uruguay for tempor- al matters." The latter was a reference to the current meet- ing of the Inter-American Eco- nomic and Social Council at ;Punta del Este, Uruguay, to map plans for Latin American economic development, includ- ing President Kennedy's pro- posed "alliance for progress." Canadian Catholic Conference,I ~ Ottawa. I ~ #'I ~"]l~ = Praises Efforts I U t41/O I~t~ Msgr. Mendoza, here at the invitation of the Latin American Bureau, had praise for the coop- erative efforts being undertak- en by U. S. Catholics ~n behalf of the Church in Latin America He described current pro- grams as "a tremendous effort of mutual understanding in the true spirit of the universal Church." The CELAM official express- ed particular gratitude to Msgr. William McDonald, rector of the Catholic University, for having made available at the university quarters for the new Latin American Secretariat for Aca- demic Services. Study Committee Msgr. Mendoza also express- ed "admiration and gratitude" for the activities of a study committee of the Catholic Press Association of the U. S. and Canada. The committee visited Latin America in January and February of 1961 to study the mass communications media there and make recommenda- tions. Based on the committee's recommendations, Msgr. Men- doza said, three centers for co- ordinating Catholic mass med- ia efforts in Latin America will be established. There will be a center at [IW ST. LOUIS--(NC)--A univer- sity president told members 'of the American Bar Association attending their annual conven- tion here that it is "naive" to think laws will work without l reference to moral values. The ReD. Paul C. Reinert, S.J president of St. Louis univer- sity, t o 1 d 3,000 lawyers at a "Red Mass' in St. Louis cathe- dral: "We cannot divorce the law from its m o r a 1 foundations. (While) it is true that the law does not prohibit sin as sin, the law is concerned with the com- mon g o o d. And the common good itself is a moral concept." Cites Eichmann .Case Father Reinert cited the de- fense used by former nazi offi- cial Adolf Eichmann at his cur- rent trial in Israel as an exam- ple of what happens when law is divorced from morality. He said Eichmann and other nazis have tried to justify atroc- ities on the grounds that they were carried out in accordanc, with existing laws. "These events should remind us that law is far more than obedience to commands," he said. "When law is reduced to noth- ing but the observance of the command of the law-maker, it Educator Analyzes School Aid Problems JA Following is the first of a series oy your articles on the debate over Federal aid to education for parochial and other private schools, and its ramiyications. The author, whose background includes some 15 books in the yields oy philosophy, religion and education, is reserach proyessor oy theology at the University of Notre Dame. FOREWORD Dr. John A. O'Brien has written a comprehensive review of the many questions associated with the problem of govern- mental aid for the non-tax-supported schools. Thoroughly in- formed .on the various aspects of the subject, he has supplied valuable information for the reader, has answered objections forthrightly and fairly, and p/'esented with cogency the argu= manta in favor of the justice and reasonableness of the claims of the private or independent church.related schools. t Karl J. Alter Archbishop of Cincinnati By The ReD. John A. O'Brien ( N. C. W. C. News Service) WHY IS THE QUESTION OF FEDERAL AID TO ELEMEN- TARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF SUCH WIDESPREAD of public aid for the education of all of America's youth is like- ly to be with us for some time. WHAT WAS THE GIST OF THE ADMINISTRATION'S PRO- POSALS? They offered a $5.8 billion program of Federal aid for improv- ing education. Nearly $3 billion was proposed for loans to col- leges over a five-year period, for construction of classrooms, laboratories, libraries and student housing. An additional $577.5 million would be for 212,500 college scholarships over five years based on students' ability and financial need. Maximum schol- arship would be $1,000 a year. Federal loans for such scholar- ships would be available to students in public and private col- leges. This is an eminently just and fair arrangement and is in conformity with prevlous Federal aid enactments. WOULD FUNDS ALSO BE ALLOTTED TO ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOLS? Yes: It was proposed that states receive grants totaling $2.3 billion over three years for public grade and secondary schools to be used for erecting school buildings and paying teachers. WHAT IS THE DECLARED PURPOSE OF SUCH PRO- POSALS? ture from the century-old tradition of purely state support of grammar and high schools. iS THE ISSUE FUNDAMENTALLY A RELIGIOUS ONE? No. It involves no dogma of religion and is solely a question of the most effective means of achieving the best education for all the youth Of America. The discussion should be carried on in a calm, friendly, ob- jective manner, appealing neither to religious sympathy nor prejudice. What is needed is light, not heat, to find the best INTEREST AND WHY HAS IT PROVOKED SUCH CONTRO- "The maximum development of every young American's VERSY THROUGHOUT THE NATION? [ capacity," said President Kennedy, and "rich dividends in the It is of universal interest because it affects the educatmn' of lyears ahead in economic, growth, in enlightened citizens and in all our children. It has stirred nationwide controversy because national excellence. it is a revolutionary proposal and represents a radical depar- WHAT IS THE PRESENT STATUS IN CONGRESS OF THE ADMINISTRATION'S PROPOSALS? The Senate has passed a bill very similar to the administra- tion's proposals for aid to public elementary and secondary schools, except that it would allow the states to use the grants for current operating and maintenance costs'as well as for con- struction and teachers' salaries. The administration's proposals for higher education are still under study'by a Senate commit-I tee. In the House of Representatives, the proposals for both higher and lower education have been embodied in bills which answer for our nation's educational needs, have been denied clearance by the House Rules Committee. i IS THAT THE THOUGHT OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS? WHY HAVE THESE PROPOSALS PROVOKED SO MUCH Yes. Speaking to thousands of teachers and administrators OPPOSITION? GALVESTON, Tex.--(NC)--Archbishop Robert E. Lucey of San Antonio said here that opposition to public welfare legisla- tion on the grounds that it is "socialism" is a "shopworn" argument. "I find no cause m logic or m history for glvmg socialists all the credit for constructive legislation in the field of human wel- fare,' he told the state AFL-CIO convention. Common Good ' Civilgovernment s h o ul d men without. . . giving allegiance seek the common good, and if to a socmltstm state. it has volice vower to defend "Citizens can defend the right the rights o~f-thee st-rong, it also of all men to private property s he w and still be moved to compas has a duty to a sist t eak . " - and the needy This is not so- sen by the sight of bad hous- cialism. It is love of neighbor, ing unfit for human habitation, It is partiotism and good corn- slum areas that ought to be mon sense," the Archbishop cleared up by the public au- added (July 31). thority and malnutrition that Archbishop Lucey made his wrecks the lives of even little children." comments in a hard-hitting Archbishop, Lucey also refer- speech, in which he charged red to the generally unfavor- that ' selfish interests" a r e able, sometimes violently un- blocking adequate public assist- ance programs in Texas; de-favorable attitude of "power- fended the right of workers to ful individuals and corporations in Texas" toward labor union. organize; and protested exploi- Conceding that there h a v e tation of migrant farm workers, been "instances of abuse of Scores Lobbies power by a few labor leader~," He said there are "powerful lobbies" which "prevent suffi- cient funds from being appro- priated by the legislature f o r even a minimum of decent care for those who need it worst:" Among those groups for whom he said there is inadequate pub- lic assistance in Texas t h e Archbishop listed inmates of prisc~s, delinquent children in state institutions, the mentally ill, workers injured in indus- trial accidents, the blind, the aged, and dependent children. He said a "philosophy of op- position" to welfare services is "neither intelligent nor honor- able." attending the ~ convention of the National Catholic Educational 1. Because for the first time they would put the Federal goD- the progress and prosperity of Association on April 4, 1961, in Atlantic City, Bishop John J. ernment into the business of elementary and secondary educa- Not Socialism our state would be enormous," Wright of Pittsburgh, then president of the association, said: tion in a big way. With the exception of some health legisla- As for the argument that use he declared. "The debate should not be permitted to degenerate in its philo- tion, like the National School Lunch Act, and the "Federally of tax money for welfare serv- Migrant Workers sophic premises into a debate between Catholics and Protestants impacted areas" program (areas in which Federal activities ices is "socialism," he c o m- Archbishop Lucey s a i d el- any more than it should be represented in its political context have significantly increased the local educational burden), the merited: "It is passing strange grant agricultural workers "are as a debate between Catholics and the national administration, Federal government has left these two areas of education to that all the decent and humane at the bottom of the ladder," above all the President. ' : the states and the local communities, citizens in our society are so- economically speaking, in Tex- ~ ~,~ ~,a,~,~ .~,~,~ ~,~ ~ ~ ~,~ 2. Because it would undertake for the first time to pay teach- cialists because they be~ive that as. And "people at the bottom ~ ~,~ ~,~,~,~o ~ffio~,~o ~L, ,n~ Joo~. era' salaries the strong should take care of of the social ladder get precious xes. The simple fact is that the only numerically important " . . the weak even with nubli" li+tl i,q,~,-o~;, ;, h ; group supporting the inclusion of private nonprofit schools in 3. Because it would set a.pattern.of unjustifiable diserlmma: funds, if private charity~c~[ state "~e'~a~tded Federal aid to education is composed of Roman Catholics. Many uon oetween pupils at~enmng pum~c elementary scnoois ann not do the iob " He' e,wnm,mt,~" h~ ov,~l,~; ~ n n l " r" o o " e " " ~" " Americans oppose the inclusion of private schools in the Fed- stude ts e ro led m p lvate n npr ht schools, church-relat d "aural some " '~ t w ~ ~ "~] " 1 y of us have ten of mloran orker - eral program because their inclusion would Inevitably beneht ann non-oenomlnatlona . learned to love our n .opi~hl'mr rnn~t in~vif~h]~ fret. fhr,~,~ ~-,~. Roman Cathohclsm In this type of opposlhon there ~s some without become ubv r xv ' ' " ' ~ ! " ",SHOULD THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ENTER INTO THE ' . i, g s e s" e," sons: the moral weakness of vlgotry an?. co.ns!.~eraoie ~gnorance. uniy me snmmg example EDUCATION OF CHILDREN ON THE ELEMENTARY AND he continued. We can believe human nature, lack of labor o~ gooct uamonc rives and me calm presentauon o~ sounc~ argu ~ in the sublime d~ mt an ur r t 1 " SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVELS ' 'g ' y d s - o ganization and the absence of manta can eliminate these obs ac es " passing destiny of our fellow protective legislation " Many do not think it a wise policy for the Federal govern- n 'n " "s ' r it'o e ~~ WHAT IS CATHOLIC REACTION TO PRESIDENT KEN- me t to ~ trude mto an enterpn e which has t ad ~ nally b en ' " " n NEDY S APPEAL FOR RESTRAINT IN SENSITIVE AREAS co ducted by the state and the local school districts. The Fed- ~ ~ [Jl- .~ ~ ~ ~,~II 1 I OF THE DISCUSSION ON THIS SUBJECT" eral government, it is contended, has enough to do without 1 ~L~ lti llaIl ~"~ I.ll|l~l'llg Complete agreement. Praising the President, . for making such ltakmg' on the business of the little red schoolhouse and the lo- ~ .~.~-, ,~ v-.v ~ an appeal, Bishop Wright declared" He will receive the loyal cal high School. Citizens of the community best understand their l-r~ - T "1- ,-", 1- "7- agreement and unqualified support of everyone on every side own educational needs and the means of meeting them. Theyt ~.~f~K-i~]-i~1 ~ ] ~*t~/ d"~lF~ ~'111H~1~ in this aspect of the matter." In both utterances Bishop Wright are in the best position to see that their tax dollar gets the bestll i Kj mtlll Ue k,~e E lltRlq reflected the mind not only of the hierarchy but also of Catho- returns. lics generally. Millions of citizens think it is unfair and unjust to discrimi- ROME--CNC3--Fifteen Italian g v,~or " ho o~;n ,~, +~, h, Catholics are glad to see the President show such concern hate against children attending private nonprofit schools, church- youngsters" aged ~5 and 16 have abou~ 50 follow'tflro~-t~'after~e for the i/nprovement of the education of American youth. Many related and nondenominational, by depriving them of any of left Rome for a year-long advert forms nr~ ~nt m ~,~ mh~ O f " ~ " - question, h waver, the ef activeness of the measure, (S. 1021) the benefits of the proposed legislation, ture in living and learning in the board membero~ ,~,~,'-"'~ ~ ~ w,~- ~-~*'~-- passed oy the benate to obtmn tne nestred oDjecuves nay oo h r . . . These students are Americans.-q? ey are the child en of U.S. these down to 20. so on 0.b)ect~ve grounds and with no thought of tmpmrmg the American citizens and taxpayers. They attend schools which Through the combined assist "It's a tough job but we are separatmn of Church and State, whmh they behave ~s the omy te ch with e ual corn tenc th cula ub act h " " a ' q pe e e se r sj s taug t in the tance of the U.S. state depart- looking for potential leaders. We reasonable and practical plan for our pluralistic American so 1 - public schoo s. lent and the Youth department take into consideration what ciety. In addition, these schools give instruction in the Christian of the National Catholic Welfare their pastor and their teachers Furthermore, Cathohcs favor the appropriatmn of funds nec conference ab 1 ' " or other religions and ethics. They inculcate love of neighbor,out 00 Italian have to say about them. Then essary to meet all the real needs of our splendid public schools, (Protestant, Jew, Catholic, or unchurched) and of country; teen agars have shared in this we talk to each of the candi- in which more than hail of their own children are enrolled, they set forth the highest ideals of American life and democ- project of friendship and know- dates individually." They want to see public teachers well paid and equipped with all the essentials to do an efficient and thorough job. racy. They develop a patriotism that has been tested and proven on every battlefield on which American soldiers have fought and died. They are American to thc core. Their pupils have the same right to participate in the bene- fits of public welfare and education legislation as any other ledge over the past decade In charge of the N.C.W.C. In- ternational High School Student program in Rome is Vincent G. McAloon, director of public rela- tions of the Notre Dame Interna- he nevertheless insisted t h a t this is not an adequate reason for opposing unions Supports Uaigns "This opposition "to unions based on the conduct of so- coiled racketeers and hoodlums does not deceive any of us,' he stated "It is a phony argument. It avoids the real issue, which is the right of working people to organize, the necessity of or- ganization and its value," he said. "If all the working people in Texas were organized so that they received an honest day's wage for an honest day's work, i McAloon said the program aims at strengthening the links WHAT IS THE BASIC PROBLEM OF THIS DISCUSSION? This v~hole discussion is on the central problem of public aid for the education of all school children, which the administra- between the U,S. and Italy and at inspiring Italian youth with the principles of living democ- racy. -Requiescent AMBOY---Joseph P. McGrath, 63, St Patrick parish, Aug. 2. AURORA--Edward C. Harbelf, 78, St. IS parish, Aug. 1. Mary Hill, $4, St. Mary parish, Mrs. Mer ~aret Steinmetz, $3, St. Nicho- las parish, ~ug. 7. CRYSTAL LAKE--Daisy M. Bellows, St. Thomas the Apostle I~arish, Aug. 7. EAST nUBUQUE--~,ichard C. Bingham, ~0, St. Mary parish, Aug. 2. eLGiN--Robert B. Anderson, 29, St Jo- ieph parish, July 30. FREEPORT--William Nehus, 75, St. Joseph parish, Aug. 4. Robert Pospischil, 66, St. Thomas Aquin- Its parish, Aug. 4. NARVAaO--Francis Burke, Jr 46, St. Joseph parish, July 30. MARENGO--Mrs Anna C. Busse, 57, Sacred Heart parish, Aug. 3. Raq McAndrews, 70, Sacred Heart Church, Aug. 4. McHENRY--Mrs. Betty Baumbeck, 43, I~t. Mary parish, Aug. 6. PROPHETSTOWN--Martin McNamara, Sa, St. Catherine parish, Aug. 7. ROCK FALLS--Fred Oltmans, 70, St. Andrew parish, Aug. 4. ROCKFORD--Fred P. Naretta, 59, St. James parish, July 31. Mrs. Anna Mazur, 64, St. Stanlslaus I~arlsh, Aug. 2. Pietro Micheline, 81, St. Anthony par. ish, Aug. 6. Antoinette DeMarchis, Infant, St. An- thony parish, Aug: 7. Dominic BurattL 70, St. Anthony par. ish, Aug. 5. Sacker Infant, St. Peter perish, Aug. 5. Frank Vascellaro, 6% St. Anthony per- |sh, Aug. 5. STERLING--Felix L. Benaon, 69, St. ~ary parish, Aug. 6. IrOCKTON--Rush W. Kirk~ ~, H01y Kta~ Wl~ Auo. I. t loses a II warrant except the tion proposals simply render more acute. The principles devel- children. To ignore their rights and the rights of their parents oped in the diseussmn brute power of enforcement.","" ',have a validity that will endure long after is contrary to the traditions of America and the spirit of fair the present proposals have been disposed of, for the problem play and justice, which have always characterized our nation. uommon ttule [~ Father Reinert argued that] . J~ even a religiously pluralistic so-] ~ z'~z-~'~ ILl/ ciety can find a common rulel,[']L~L! of law which will be observed~ C7 by men of varying moral codes. "Since men have a common nature and that common nature makes the same moral demands on all men, t h e r e should be large areas o p e n to common agreement," he said. He added that "the implica- tions of human nature---of hu- man inclinations and aspirations --make possible a human com- munity in which decisions in practical areas can be achiev- ed despite a plurality of basic commitments. Practical Recognition "It is toward a widening of this area of practical, recogni- tion of the rights and duties of men that those who hope to achieve the rule of law must direct their efforts," he said. Some 15,000 lawyers are at- tending the ABA convention here. WASHINGTON--,- (NC) -- A faculty member of Eaton Hall university College of Medicine testified here in favor of pro- riding medical c a r e for the aged through the Social Secur- ity program, i Dr. Benedict Puffy, head of the department of preventive medicine at Eaton Hall, testi- fied before the House Ways and Means Committee on H. R: 4222, the administration's health care bill. Dr. Puffy appeared on his own initiative and not as representative of Eaton Hall. He told the committee that "it has been amply demonstra- ted that there is a widening gap between the financial resources of the aged and the present cost of medical, care." His own experience, he said, indicates that it is not t r u e that the aged do not have fi- nancial problems in getting hospital care "Many of our older patients," Dr. Puffy said, "baDe hospital bills far beyond their possibil- ity of settlement or their fam- ily's payment . . ." Earlier in the hearings econo- mists from two Catholic schools testified in opposition to the bill. They were the ReD. Stan- ley J. Parry, C.S.C of Notre Dame university and Austin S. Murphy, dean of the business administration school at Canis- ius college, Buf.fal0b IN. Y. To Get ATLANTIC C I T Y, N. J. -- (NC)--Archbishop Edward F. Hoban, Bishop of Cleveland, and G e n. Douglas MacArthur will be presented the Catholic War Veterans' highest awards here Aug. 19. Presentation will take place during the organization's 26th national convention, according to an announcement by James W. Fay, national commander. Archbishop Hobart will be pre- sented the "Celtic Cross Cita- tion Award," presented annual- ly to a person who has "done most to promote zeal and de- votion to God, country a n d home." Gen. MacArthur will receive the organization's "Honor et Veritas Award." T h e "Outstanding Catholic Woman of t h e Year Award,' given by the CWV's national la- dies auxiliary, will be present- ed to Mrs. Mary C a ss i d y Varick of Jersey City, N. J Aug. 17. Mrs. Varick is a victim of polio who recovered from can- cer of the spine at the Shrine of Ste. A n n e de Beaupre in Canada in 1951. The CWV said that speakers at the convention banquet will be Auxiliary Bishop James J. :Hogan of Trenton and Gem Wil- liston B. Palmer director of overseas military assistance for tha Departme.~ ~f D~. r tional school of Rome and secre- tary of the Rome chapter of the University of Notre Dame alum- ni association. McAloon, who has been work- Lug with teen agars for years, is assisted in choosing young Ital- ian exchange students by five American and Italian consultants who go over each application carefully. What is offered to the ex- change student is a full year's residence in the U.S living with a Catholic family and attending the last year of a Catholic high school. What is asked of the exchange student is a firm enough grasp of English so that he can follow in class and understand English textbooks. In most cases par- :ants are asked to put up $350 for roundtrip transportation, plus another $50 for health insurance. But funds exist to help those lyoungsters who cannot afford these expenses. But above all, according to McAloon, the youngster must have the d s i r e to see how Americans live. "We abo t "Many of the kids come back fired with enthusiasm," Mc- Aloon said. "You'd be surprised at the tremendous affection they feel for their host families in the U.S." Most of the youngsters have to be prepared to lose a year of schooling under the Italian edu- cational system. The problem is that before an Italian student graduates from Italy's equiva- lent of high school he must pass a series of comprehensive tests covering years of study in every field of general knowledge. The American senior year does not review all the material the Italian student is responsi- ble for and therefore the ltalian scholar has to spend a year of catching up and concentrated study before taking his final ex- aminations. Despite this drawback, Italian :hildren are showing more and more interest in the exchange program, McAloon said. Cur- rently he is working on forming an alumni association of former students who will seek out like. ly candidates for a similar ex-