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August 11, 1961     The Observer
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August 11, 1961

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FRIDAY, AUGUST II, 1961 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND i| me ace- II By Norton Krause Herzfeld IT MAY COME AS SOMETHING of a surprise to pacifists who have been throwing themselves in front of Polaris missile- carrying submarines, to the taxpayers whose billions have been going into missile development, and to alI those who have been decrying "the missile gap," that Congress does not believe in missiles. That this is indeed the case was revealed by both the House and Senate Armed Services Committees when they reported on this year's budget administration of $12.5 billion for planes, missiles and ships Said the House Committee: "Who knows whether an intercon- tinental ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead will actually work? Each of the constituent elements has been tested, it is true. Each of them, however, has not been tested under circumstances which would be attendant upon the firing of such a missile in anger." No one is suggesting that we start testing ICBM's "in anger," perhaps, but the legislators are very doubtful that ICBM's with nuclear warheads really work because we have never fired any at anybody. They fear the missiles will be affected by their space travel so that when they re-enter the atmosphere, something will have gone wrong and all our well-laid defense plans will be worthless. SSING THE TESTIMONY OF EXPERTS, the commit- said, "It seems that our only knowledge of the actual work- ability of an ICBM fired in anger is in textbooks and labora- tories. The committee is unwilling to place the safety of this country in a purely academic attitude, and for this reason has added to the bill authorization for bombers." THE OBSERVER mlc cause the Navy did not operate the b~mbing instruments, but now that the Navy operates the Polarig submarine with its nu- clear bombing capability, the Navy is in favor of strategic bombing. Senator Symington asked Admiral Burke, Chief of U. S. Naval Operations: "At one time the Navy felt very strongly :and it is my understanding you agreed, that strategic bombing i was immoral; is that right?" Answered Admiral Burke: "At one time I took the position--this was a good many years ago." Senator Symington: "1949." ADMIRAL BURKE: "1949; that is correct, sir. I ~ook the posi- tion that the destruction of cities was immoral. It did not get very far. I lost. That position was not accepted. Since then, the 1 i United States and all the other countries which have been ab e to do so, have armed themselves with nuclear weapons capable of destroying cities, lots of them. When nuclear weapon arsenals reached the stage where a general war would be conducted primarily with nuclear weapons, it was quite obvious {hat my previous position did not matter since, in such a war, there would be widespread devastation, 40, 50, 60 per cent, a tre- mendous percentage of the population would be wiped out. Now if cities must be attacked as a matter of national survival, they are going to be wiped out, and then it had better be done in the most efficient manner." Senator Symington: "Do you mean the populations wiped out?" SHARING OUR TREASURE ADMIRAL BURKE: "YES, if the only way we can survive is by wiping them out, then my feelings on morality a few years ago, are just overtaken. I shifted then, and said that since the countries have armed for this type of war, and there have been no reductions, no way of affecting an arms agreement on nu- ~clear weapons, then we had better have the best weapons that we can have to do the job." Thus is morality "overtaken" in the other world of the arms race. Here, too, governments spend $120 billion every year on arms while in the real world two-thirds of the people are hungry and ill-housed, sick and ill-clad. One is reminded of the Silesian proverb, "When God wishes to punish ordinary folk, he de- prwes the mighty of their reaso . NATIONS CAN NEGOTIATE ENDLESSLY over how many bombs each one should have, but they are not dealing with their real affliction which is nationalism. The nation-state is a limited institution, not all-powerful, therefore incapable of solving all its problems alone. While the U. S. seems stymied in arms con- trol negotiations with a recalcitrant Russia, it can move now with its friends and allies to build a closer community based on mutual respect, similar legal systems, a common heritage and common interests, and above all, reason. Only in this way can the free world gain a solid grip on reality and keep the arms race frpm sweeping everything before it. (Copyright, 1961 The Catholic Reporter) onverslon This sudden 'revelation" that ICBM's with their nuclear . ,y warheads are only "academic atUtuoes after all is rather . f unreal['- -nd irrational[" surroundin~ Rev. John A. O Bnen, Ph.D. was helping me in any trial. In lnounced Anglicanism to becomeI Here, beyond all doubt, is l nmca~lve o~ me air o~ -'~Y" ~- " L~' C- ~ (University of Notre Dame} good times He was 'just there 'ta Catholic priest !the Church founded by Christ ~ne oeadly arms race iron wnlcn mere seems ~o oe no es ap . " i,i . - - - --. - - No one has actually tested ICBM's with nuclear warheads; there- Don't you want to share your I lived on a street which hadl "This 1 e d me to his other ann autnorIzea oy aim to teacn ,~o ,h ~,~ ~ ~q h + ~]- ~n oholy Faith with some friend? a Catholic Church--Our Lady of|books and soon I perceived thatl all nations Here is the unity of ~::,~:uo~e:r~war.~'therefo~Oit:~too'.'is academi:~an~ one'can There's a simple and effective Victories: [the Episcopal Church traces its f a it h, worship practice: ~'*"* + ~ "~ "I ' + ' ' " "11 mark or " ' " ' 1 o the way ta do this: tell your friend existence only to Henry VIII which is the unla] ng talk of it in an academic way just as one ta ks ab ut ma - . Becomes Anghcan, But . . . ] ']ch~ict' t C'hu,-oh Wlth Joyful tactical theories. This world of the arms race seems almost how much the Catholic renglon J its founder and head. A state j'~"-'?~: 7-~"into~:~-" hel s ou in hvm an u rl ht l~rlests ann sisters were oiJ /neart i was recelveo 1 t ~ne 1 en w r th rdl p Y g P g Church Its head is always the to have a separate ex'st ce of its o n, apart f am e o "- . . " ' ' ' made~ m Fl'rst Hal nary world, another world where academic theories shift with life, set him a good example ten passing by. If any of themiking or queen of England. i]fold and y . y and loan him a book on ourso much as spoke to me I was Communion Many times *lnce the passing of time, and academic moralities shift with the ' Y ]continued my investigation and] ~'-' ^~ ~^~ ,^.' u~. theories, religion. This will kindlehisto come im o me nouse at once.|noticed what great differencesl~ nave t,~,~cu ,y,m ,-, :;~ interest. Then But when I grew up, I lost in-|of doctrine and of practice there| grace, tar the works OI rtona a THIS EASY SHIFTING WAS DEMONSTRATED during Sen- loan himsome terest in the Baptist Church and[ ar^ anon. its m~'~bers Some[Kn x ann me instructions oI ate hearings on military procurement when Senator Stuart more literature ~ drifted away. Year's later I at-loft[is min~isters bel~"ieve 'in the|Father ,~antwell, which brought Symington was attempting to make the point that high officers and w h e n his V~~ tended the Stations of the CrosslReal Presence' others do not J me into the one fold with the in the U. S. Navy were against strategic bombing in 1949 be- interest h as !at the Church of the Advent. It] "Some believe in confessionlane shepherd. N e,v, e r can I -- ~ deepened bring ]is High Episcopal and has many] |thank God enough ' . . anQ practice it; omers oo not. ~ ~ ~ I ][~ ~-,~ " " ~/f,~# him' to a priest L~~I Catholic services and devotmns./Marked too are the differences| Father O'Brien will be gIad ~EI |~|l I|L~L ~{#|g l~.l~ for systematic~~ "I like the services and waslin the litur I wanted certain|to have converts send their g gy. - I ins truetion.~ baptized. As I was reeeiving/tv authority and unity I re.lnames and addresses to him at An er Soon, with~/[Holy Communion regularly, Ilm'embered the words of'Christ,[Notre Dame University, Not're ~ I~.~ o~ God's gr ace,~[wanted to be sure that Anglican/ uttered on the eve of His pas-IDame, Indiana, so he may . ~ ~ ~ I you will have a~lOrders were valid Otherwise I/sion. 'Holy Father, keep in thylwrite up their conversion -J |~| ~ ~ I l%.aracnl, r'aKls~an --tx~)---, ~ ~ }~['~ [Unless religion provides an-conver~ ~o your l woul~notbe receiving tbe BodY[hame those w h o m thou hast[ stories. ~] ~[]]~ ~ J swers to the problems facing crem.L : l ann ,/JlOOO oI ~nrlst:~,l react lxo.n-|given me, that they may be one| ~1 ~t |ill I-**m|l~. ltho u~nr]~ it wiU bo overt znls is nmstrate~ in me con-lain lxnox's OOOK, ine lviass lnjeven as we are (John 17:ll).|o~'~r~r~[~ ~II~ ~]L~[ I~ l| a -~] i version of Elsie Macomber ofiSlow Motion and was greatly[ l'% %-~%r~ e E E ~lll Inl,h UU I -"~F~I I waeimeu uy cuininunA~nl, -r-an.- .-. . --I. . U / Finas true unurcn i i II ~ ~--o~n~-t M o h a m m e d moston. 'l was reareo a ~ap-ilmpresses. wnen i ~iseoverea/ /. =~ ~1~! ~ l: .~ ~ JA~,h Wh~nh rnorl hero tist," related Miss Macomber,[that he was the son of an Angli-| "One Saturday afternoonIll I)t% I~~] ~ ~ l1111 I" "~lrl I%~~,?,"~;~~[-~;~t~;~ -~r~ "and all of my family were de-lcan bishop and had been an/felt the need of being in a place|l I%V~&vP ~ ~[l~[ ~] It E.~ Idom'inan'tly 'Mo~lem nation v0ut Christians. I accepted and|Anglican minister, I became|where there would be peaee,/J t, OR FINE FOOV ~] Jl~lr |fl IS lm~j"] [s"oke at cerem'onies marking loved God, and was sure He I curious to know why he had re-|quiet and a sense of nearness|l ~1 ~-~l"~ v r r It Our Lord So I went to St m~ aue-m -- ,B |--- ~ ,the 100th annivesay of St. ' ~ El I~ JPatrick,s High School here in |Ann's Catholic church. After|l ,~1 ~~1~ ',s o m e fervent prayers 1 ap ~ ~----~ ---Pakistan s capital. Another speaker was Vale- MEET THE CLERGY [proached the priest- Father[] Dial WO 3-S409 rian Cardinal Graeias Arch-,/William J. Cantwell, C.S.P.--/I ~~'.'.~Ld~ bishop of Bombay, India, an r /in the back of the church and|l ~ I~'%t~dl , THE REV. PHILIP L. KENNEDY, son oi smer ~ ~yan anal -~ l~ ~ - -w ammnus of tbe SChOOl ". . asKea ior Instructions. ne gave 1 . 1 - . . the late Frank P. Kennedy, was born March 15, 1930, m Chicago.[ |l ct-aks Chicken Archbisnop oosepn coraelro . . . . me a compute course suppm- .~ He graduated from St. Ignatius high school Chicago, in 19471 ' . Jl eA L J at l~aracni we~comea wresiaent ' . /mentea oy me corresponaence/t oeu~uuu . . ans a~enoes uoras ~ollege, UUDqUe ,a. from l~qi un~ll 1~. i . .t ,-* .t i| Ayuo ~nan and ~nanKed nlm '. '. . . course provlaea oy tne uamo- His philosophical studies werel II 805 E. State Rockford Ior the in~eres~ ne nas snown : :~ JllC mzormauon cen~er, l! made at Loyola untv=~y,I in St. Patricks'. Chicago from 1953 tO 1955. He 330 S. Wyman Rockford, III. Say You Saw It in THE OBSERVER The President said in his ad- dress that tradition is helpful in pointing the way to the fu- ture but that people should not be tied down by it. Religious principles, he said, are un- changeable, but should be ap- plied according to the demands of modern times. Best Values Always COMPLETE STOCKS * Liqueurs * Wines "k Cordials * Beer and Ale Over 40 Different Imported Beers and Wines CENTRAL PARK DRIVE-IN LIQUOR STORE 3523 Auburn St.--Rockford we 5-8481---FREE DELIVERY You can bank on the Illinois National in more ways than onet. Meet vacation expenses with a PERSONAL Give your budget a "little boost'with an Illinois BANKPLAN loan. Payments to suit your convenience. Let us help you get the things you want. studied theology at St. Mary Seminary, Baltimore, Md. from 1955 to 1959. Father Kennedy was ordained by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane, bishop of Rockford, in Aurora on May 23, 1959. He was appointed pastor at St. Man[oh, Carpentersville in June, 1959. A year later, he was appointed assistant pastor at St. Edward, Rockford. He is currently pastor at St. Nicholas Aurora. Father Kennedy is the broth er of Rev. Francis P. Kennedy, pastor of St. Mary, Morrison, and cousin of the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Philip L. Kennedy, pastor of St. Laurence, Elgin, and dean of the Elgin deanery. AMBOY--Miss Mary Lou Morrlssey and QUiNCY--Miss Sharon F|ynn and John Ronald Kellen in St. Patrick church, July Zuzevich of Rockford in St. Peter church, Aug. 5. 1'AURORA--Miss Shirley J. Martens and SOUTH BEND, Incl.--Miss Rosemary Clarence Fluegel in St. Therese church, Bittee and Richard P. Eartsch of Aurora in Sacred Heart church, Aug. 5. Name Men Elect Officers Aug. 5. Miss Barbara ~. Byrne and Michael J. Bubb in Holy Angels church, Aug. 5. BELVlDERE--Miss Peggy Luckow and Jack Wolf, in St. James church, June 11. FREEPORT -- MIss Carol A. Fre}tag and Arian Kahler in St. Catherine church, July 29. Miss Carol Sue Tlmmer and C. William LaVelle in St. Thomas Aquinas church, July 29. McHENRY--MisS Bernice A. lushkow- OREGON -- Men of the Holy ski and George Hays in St. Mary Name society of St. Mary par- church, July 29. ROCKFORD--Miss Beverly Torre and ish elected officers at a meet- Robert G. Bianchi in St. Anthony church, ing Tuesday evening. William Ju/~issS' RHa Gates and Ronald Lindvall Loring of Me. Morris is the new in St. James church, July 29. l [dent Other officers all SANDWICH--Miss Cecelie E. Egan and pres Z - ' Gerald E. Bahl in St. Paul church, July I r O muregon, are: Lawrence ~" - Merritt vice president Eugene STERLING--M=ss Joanne Mar~e Tlfft,' and Martin A. Papoccia in St. MarylMiller seeretar John Slot- parish, Au . 5. ' J' - DICKEY~ILLE--MISs Susan L. Lange, hower, treasurer; and Richard and LaVern R. Dqlsing of East Dubuque ~b-nR~ln~n ~n=r~h~l Th~ T~t*xr h - I 29 In HOly [.~nOST cnurc,JU y,', . MACKVILLE, WIs.--Miss Sharon KustJNorbe~ Rmhter is pastor of and Jerry Meline of Rockford inSt.l^t "'ar . L Edward church, July 22. I~. m y church. 769 N. Madison FRIGI-KING AUTOMOBILE Easily installed in your present car in one day by: ROCKFORD RADIATOR REPAIR (AT OUR NEW LOCATION) WO 8-9871 DIAMONDS WATCHES SILVER CHINA CRYSTAL Established 1896 BOLENDER'$ ~30 West State Rockford. IlL t COLLINS Y. SUNDBER(~ ~innebago County Coroner ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. South Main at Chestnut Complete banking services: Savings Accounts * Checkin{I Accounts Christmas Club -! Vacation Club Trust Services Safe' Deposit Boxes . Home & Property Improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans. Installment Loan's for any purpose Bank by Mail, postage paid both ways'. Free Parking while you bank * Drive-in Facilities Phone WO 3-3431 Gasparini SUNDAY 6:30 P.M. THE SUNDBERG & Oliveri c Located to Serve Catholic Famflfes in All Parishes FUNERAL HOME,JAMES 215 Hall St. WO 2-774~ Two Chapels ' GARNER PAGE 5 WORK AND God is infinite goodness. Goodness seeks to give itself and to give away the riches which it enjoys. The life of Our Lord was a manifestation of this. His zeal or love for souls was passed on to His Church. The Church diffuses His Life, manifests His Truth and shines with His Sanctity. Born with the same love for souls, His Church carries on His apostolic work. Christ alone shed the Blood that redeems the, world. He might have put Its power to work and acted directly upon souls, but He wanted to have others cooperate in the distribution of His Graces. What a condescension it is for God to give poor creatures a share in His work to save souls! From the Cross the Church has carried on the redeeming action of Christ. He merited all the graces necessary to save every soul. These graces must now be applied to individual souls through the apostolic work of the Church. The Church is, therefore, the ordi- nary means to salvation and it must be extended to every soul in every na- tion. In the early centuries there were con- templative orders whose prayers and penances were a powerful aid in the con- version of the pagan world. In the Middle Ages the preaching orders brought souls to Christ. In modern times the missionary so- cieties have organized hasten the day when every soul will have contact with Christ. In every age of the Church the faithful have not only given of their time and their talents, but also have sacrificed their goods of this world to bring the Gospel to the poor. It is encouraging to see many becoming apostolic just when they are needed and in the way that the present situation de- mands. The history of the Church shows that with each new need, crisis and emer- gency there have always been generous souls to render the service that is required. In our own day we see new em- phasis on the need for the cooperation of the laity -- I a y o] ganizations of Catholic action, lay teachers and now' more than ever, I a y missionaries. These were works which at the begin- ning of the century were almost un- heard of. These organizations are needed today. The Society for the Pro- pagation of the Faith must have every Catholic in the world as a member. It is no longer merely a wish of the Holy Father; it is now a necessity. All forms of the apostolate today are called into existence by a spirit to spread everywhere the benefits of the Death of Christ. Every trde form of the apostolate DIAL WO 4 6332,JACK KELLy : demands prayer. The members of the So- anne113 s waukee Dairy.Prompt-Cour s ~:~ ciety for the Propagation of the Faith have 707 Marehe~ano I K, h t ou e Rockford --, Driver-Salesmen deliver Oairyland'$ ~" as their primary duties, sacrifice and daily WI(tA-IV Finest Grade A Milk & Dairy Products in prayer, which includes the recitation of an ~ your parish. Safeguarded by ~1 ] Modern Sanitary Equipment. II Our Father, Hail Mary and the invocation, "St. Francis Xavier, pray for us." KISHWAuKEE DAIRY ~ I[, , li ~'~~-x ~ ~E il H. Lundgre |. k. 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