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August 3, 1939     The Observer
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A Catholio paper stimulates piety, a i love of Catholio ideals, and an interest in the activities of the Church of Christ. It makes for a great advance In the knowledge and love of religion. (Oh00rrurr The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rockford "You are my voice. I .o not say that you make my voico heard but that you are really my voice itself; for few in- leed would be the number of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the aid of the Catholic Press."Pius XI to Catholic Journalists. AUGUST 3, 1939 A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 1 \\;-OL. IV., NO. 36 The Note Book BY THE OBSERVER The Third Termites. Father Hughes. The most masterly summary of the case against'the Third Term appears in The American Mercury, current issue. The article is written by Eugene Lyons, editor of that publication and famous author of Assignment in Utopia, devastatin expse ' th mral' olitical' ecn J SAYS PEACE nomic, humanitarian bankruptcy of Pope t$ the Soviet. The title and theme of the Lyons article in the current issue of The American Mercury is "BEWARE OF THI THIRD TERMITES." It defends the old tradition that a president should serve only two terms. Those who are opposed to a third term will find much valu- able information therein. $ $ $ Father Thomas Hughes, S.J., died in Rome last month at the age of 90. A native of Liverpool he came to the United States to serve as a Jesuit missionary to the Indians. Instead he was placed by his su- periors in college work, being sent to Rome in 1895. He never left the city. His best known work was his monumental history of the Jes- uits in North America, on which he spent 40 years. The late Father Hughes is dis- tinguished in the learned world for his history'of the Jesuits in North America, a work widely acclaimed for its severely scientifc accuracy and exhaustive documentation and wealth of original research. He _s a voluminous and trenchant writer and contributor to learned works like scientific and philosophical re views, encyclopedias, and diction- Pries. Among his many writings are: Principles of Anthropology and Biology, Loyola and the Educa- tional System of the Jesuits [in tho Great Educators Series], The Plur- ality of Worlds and Other Essays, Talks on Truth. Father Hughes was spiritual di- rector to generations of American college students, who esteemed him highly; and in consequence well known to many of the American hierarchy. Father Hughes was a tall and striking figure almost cadaverous and typically English in his speech and ways. He was an orator of thrilling eloquence, a writer of trenchant styl a scholar of vast erudition, a pr/est of exalted char- aeter and lofty mind, a subtle and vigorous thinker; altogether an ad- mirable and eminent man who served the Great Cause justly. Why? The following questlons were asked by non-Catholics. They have been compiled hy the Rev. Richard Felix, O.S.B. A complete set ot the leaflets, one for each week of the year may be obtained by writ- ing "Defenders of the Faith." Pilot Grove. MO. WHY DOES THE IDEA OF AN INVISIBLE'CHURCH SEEM AC- CEPTABLE TO SO MANY PEO- PLE? Society is synonymous with authority. It demands submission and obedience; it puts certain limi- tations on liberty. All this is irk- some to the heart of .man. If there is no religious socie[y, there is no religious authority and man is free in the domain of religion. The in- tellect may follow ts own bent and reject whatever does not ap- peal to it. The will acknowledges only those laws of conduct that it makes for itself. In the matter of worship, man may select those forms that suit his taste; minis- ters have no authority except that conferred upon them by those whom they serve. Without real religious authority, there is no binding rule of faith, no dogma, no creed. Make auth ority subject to the individual and man at once becomes a law unto h lmself; he may set up his own i standards; he may create his own I gods. Herein lies the secret of al] opposition to a divinely instituted religious society. Men reject the Church because they will have no l NEEDSMORAL FOUNDATION C a t h o i c History of Poland Lauded by Pontiff 'BY MSGR. ENRICO PUCCI (Vatican City Correspondent, .N'. C. W. C. News Service) %'atican City.--The necessity for a spiritual and moral foundation for peace rather than one of force was emphasized by His Holiness Pope Pins XII this week, when he received the credentials of Casimir Papee, Poland's new ambassador to the Holy See. The ambassador had recalled to the Holy Father Poland's Catholic history and reported with what en- thusiasm his country heard the Sovereign Pontiff's appeal by radio for peace based on justice, on hon- or, and on the liberty of nations. Lauds Poland Pope Pins said that when Po- land, looking back over the chang- ing vicissitudes of its history, re- calls with gratitude what it owes to the religion of Christ and the Western civilization that ha grown up in its shadow, it ex- presses gratitude that augurs well for the present and for the future. For, His Holiness continued, the more the spirit of materialism which is far from the religious ideals of the Christian past, gains ground; the more the hard strug- gle for existence and for the at- tainment of one's own .aspirations lead individuals and groups to give factors of lPaysical strength an un- merited and, in the last analysis, a destructive priority over sacred ideals of right--that much more indispensable to the present gen- cration"is the educative wisdom and the maternal love of the Church. The Church, in the midst of con- trast and tension which is inevit- able on earth, never tires of an- Says Fiji's First Father Titus Daurewa, the first native Fijian priest. Marist mis- sionaries have been working nearly 100 years in the Fiji Islands, which were discovered in 1643, and became a British Crown Colony in 1874..The inhabitants were formerly addicted to canm- balism. (N C.-Fides photo.i M nouncing to all the world, without distinction as to nation or lan-,studied under the Rev. Dr. Aloysius guage, the Gospel and spirit of Christ, in VVhose doctrine and in Whose life the ethical foundation of everlasting prosperity and of every real peace are forever con- tained, the Sovereign Pontiff point- ed out. of the typical rationalist Those who hesitate to go all the way with the rationalist and yet wish to be spared the inconven- ience of real authority in matters of religion set up the claim that the Church of Christ is invisible. This is a mere subterfuge; it gives man a semblance of religious or- der without the consequences that flow necessarily from real auth- ority. It is rationalism in disguise, rationalism decked out in the gar- ments of religion. An invisible church can exercise no real authority. Self-will and in- dividualism will meet with no re traint. An invisible church is no church. ?hat chaos and confusion would result did men seek to apply these same principles in the real of sec- ular matters! Would we, could we, have a United States of America without real authority functioning through a visible form of govern- ment? WHAT HAPPENS TO MAN IM- MEDIATELY AFTER DEATH? ,rhen man dies, his body and soul are separated for a time; the body is buried and returns to dust; the soul goes at once to God to be judged, and is rewarded or pun- ished according to its works. Clean Literature Gains In Paterson Paterson, N. J.--Of the 371 mag azine dealers in the Diocese of Pat erson, 317 are cooperating whol heartedly in the drive here against indecent literature. F,arce 00Von't Insure PeaceIST00ENTST0 REDS FROM SPAINFLOCK Paper Reveals Papal Peace Plan INTOMEXICO 'Refugees' to Continue Communist Agitation Basle.--The Basler Nachrichten, secular daily of Protestant inclina- tion, commenting upon reports of the fatiged appearance of His Holi- ness Pope Pins XII, makes this the basis for a glowing tribute to the Holy Father's labors in the com- paratively short time since his oc- cupancy of the Chair of Peter. "This very visible fatigue," the paper comments, "must be attrib- uted to the disillusions encounter- ed by Pins XII. "Perhaps the hour has come to speak openly of the so little known plan of the Sovereign Pontiff. This plan was much vaster, much more' generous than one might suppose. It attained to extraordinary gran- deur. While some supposed that the Pope was trying to serve as intermediary between G e r m a n y (Continued on page 5, column 4) Mexico City.--President Lazaro Cardenas has instructed the Minis- try of Hacienda to set aside a sum of $200.000 to assist the Spanish Center in organizing lecture sched ules, etc., that will enable writers. professors and artists among the Spanish fugitives here to support themselves The lectures are to be given in the hails of the National University. The Ministry of Gobernacion has been informed that 2,000 Spaniards from French concen- tration camps are aboard the Mexique bound for Mexico. ' On July 7, there arrived 997 mili- tiamen headed by the Socialist lead- ers of the Catalan Republic. the Spanish Republican Left and tho Spanish Republican Union. Clenched Fists All arrived at the Vera Cruz docks with clenched fists raised in Moscow fashion. Of the 997 immi- grants, 271 are labor members of OXFORD HONORS o an organization simi- lar to the Mexican C. T. M.. and both of them corresponding to the International Syndical Federation. FOR g S PRIEST To FightAgain During the crossing these Span- I | ish Communists published a mime- ographed paper, Compromiso de Honor. in which they declared their Gets Doctor's Degree intention to preserve their national unity until such time as they could and 'Maxima' return to Spain as combatants. _ The Ursula Galvan Peasants Pittsburgh.--The Roy. William A. League fears that the S'paniards Hinnebusch, of this city, is arriving will replace Mexican peasants, la in New York, August 3, bringing borers and employes generally, and with hi3.hdegree of Doctor f hold Vicente Lombardo Toledano. Philosophy, "maxima cure laude" Communist chief, responsible for (with highest praise), the only de- the mass immigration "for the pur- gree of its kind conferred in the pose of strengthening the C. T. M.' last ),ear at Oxford University. Fear of a new Leftist danger to Father Hinnebusch has conclud- Mexico with the presence in this ed three )'ears of research at Ox- country of prominent refugee Left- ford. Before going to Oxford he ist leaders from Spain is voiced in an editorial appearing in "Carts lq. Ziegler at the Catholic Universi- Semenal." official organ of the Con- ty of America. federation of National Chambers of When the noted Dr. Powicke, ', Commerce and Industry. Regius Professor of History at Ox The editorial, entitled "Mexico ford, read the dissertation submit- Trembles as She Faces Commu- ted hy Father Hinnebusch to the nism." declares these refugee lead- Catholic University for the Master ors are connected in the mind of of Arts degree, he declared himself most Mexicans "with the mobs and willing to accept Father Hinne-barricades, with anarchy and busch as a student, saying he had chaos." not seen in 20 years a piece of work Calling upon business and guy- showing grasp of research as did ernment "to find some way to guar- that of Falher Hinnebusch. antee the Mexican people against this danger," the editorial asserts Grade Pupil Wins that the refugee leaders coming to this country from Spain make no secret of their intentions to con- In Essay Contest tinue their work and agitation here. Providence. R. I.--Kathryn Swen- son. an eighth-grade pupil in St. Michael's School here. has been Better Speech aarded first prize in the state es- say contest conducted by the La By New Method dies' Auxiliary of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. The theme of the New York.--:'Better speech by essay was: "Cardinal Principles way of jingles is the objective of of Americanism." Miss Swenson a speech education method in xas awarded a medal at a joint in- itiated by Miss Gertrude Walsh, vtallation ceremony of the Auxili supervisor of speech at Mt. St. cry and Veterans of Foreign War. Vincent College. Riverdale, N Y., and Ladycliff-on-the-Hudson, ARGENTINE INDEPENDENCE N.Y. Buenos Aires.--Religious cere- The method is to be describe-i V, * monies were a primary feature o"i[ in a ne " book by Miss Walsh .o the celebration of the 123rd anni [[ be published by E. P. Dutton and versary of the Declaration of Inde [ Company in September. pendenee of Argentina. FR. AVERBECK, M. S. C. HEADS Flees B0hemia; AM PROVINCE OF ORDER Enters Plandl OenevaT--Word has been re- Prague.--Monsignor Jan SrameR.[ceived from Rome that the founda- Czefmo:abinte micStergf th:[tions[ of the Missionaries of the - ' p " s ' Sacred Heart (Sacred Heart Yath- ported to have fled across the bm'-I ......... =_,_ _,___,   el's) nave teen raison to tne rank uer lute Yoianu, accompanleu oy . . . . of a self governing rehgmus pro his secretary, M. Hala, once a lea:l " authrity in matters f faith and i CZech Prelate morals. This is the point of view M.S.C., and C. Torweihe, M.S.C., of Genev a, and J. Janssen, M.S.C., of Shelby, Ohio, they constitute the  directorate of the newly created province. They are represented in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, the Diocese of Rockford. Toledo, Ohio; and LaCrosse, Wis. Coming to the United States fzom Germahy about 30 years ago, the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart have established s e ven foundations in the states of Illi- nois, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wis- consin. The principal wm'k done by the Fathers is home and for- eign mission activity, for which (Continued on page 2, column 4) er of the Catholic Populist Party. Monsignor Sramek was one of the most distinguished prelates :n Bohemia and Moravia. His report ed escape was followed hy intense activity on the part of the Nazi secret police. Homes of members of the clergy were searched and several railway workers were ar- rested. ince under the title "American Frovince of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart." The headquarters are at Sacred Heart Apostolic school. The Very Rev. J. Aver- beck, M.S.C., has been appointed Provincial; the Rev. B. Griefen- berg, M.S.C., of Sacred Heart mon- astery, Aurora, provincial procur- ator. With the Revs. J. Dicks, Priest Writes First Teton Sioux Grammar Teton Sioux to which these Indians belonged. The Tetons; numbering over 17.- 000, are the second largest Indian tribe in the United States. Much el their language is now extinct. Father Bechtel formulated th rules of Lakota grammar without aid from any printed books. Since the Seventeenth century Catholic missionaries have givee sc :zentists some of the most valu able information about Indian life and language. St. Francis. S. D.--Rain-in-the- Face. Spotted Tail, Crazy Horse, and Red Cloud. Indian warrior. known to every American school boy, never studied the grammar of their own language. Even if they had wanted to do so, there was no grammar for them to study. The braves would have no such excuse for neglecting their studies today. The Rev. Eugene Bechtel, S. J.. Indian missi.mary for th,: past 35 years, has compiled a gram mar of Lakota, the language of the ASSEMBLE AT WASHINGTON In Montreal's stadium, 105 Cath- ; olic couples, members of the J. O. C. movement, were married in a mass ceremony, a feature of the second Jocist General Congress. More than 20,000 witnessed the event. Below, one of the brides performs the time-honored custom of cutting the wedding cake. one of 20 such prepared for the occa- sion. IN.C.W.C.) Former Members, Now Missioners, To Give Talks Cinnicnati.--Proof of the effec- tiveness of the Catholic Students' Mission Crusade is seen by observ- ers of this organization in the fact that among the speakers who will address the Eleventh National Con- vention of the Crusade at the Cath- olic University of America, Wash- ington, D. C., August 22-25, are many former members who have served in the home and foreign mission fields. Outstanding among these will be the Most Rev. Frank A. Thill, Bish- op of Concordia (Kansas), who joined the organization as a charter member and became its national Secretary while still a seminary U. S. Protests Attack JAP SENTRY Scotch B']00otry R eced es ,o.., o BIT0 DDIr'@TI .! 1" T /'I N/It ]elevation to the episcopal office. nl/o rnlo= at ./ , e address at'the ;eringmee;: DOllC IS 00lasgow lviavorl0000 dehorn the ke) ling, Tuesday night, August ,2. r"   I A.I [ Among the other missionary lead- victim IS leacner /,-M: I New York.--The first Catholic since the Reformation tc lers. formerly of the Crusade ranks, G ho zll appea on the program Peioin [become Lord Provost of ,lasgow, highest civic honor in re-[ ._'"  ...: ...... x : - - - - - lare tne l{ev. Xllllam 2,. loss DE Idommantlv Presbyterian Scotland, 1s m New York Ior a two "h o i t'. " ff '" "'" " I l [  \\;.. .  e  ce " ot ne z'me 'ora. a Washington.--The American em-I and .one-!a.f eek. m.t. He told of a growing understanding and former associate editor of the Cru- Ina re 1 1e11, Due tolmance in nls once el , rotter countl (The office of  x bass), at Peiping has de P'el"  " " " "-" "-'. ade's official magazine vho re- sentations to the Japanese embas-[  ' Lord Provost roughly corresponds turns f]'om a twelve year mission to that of mayor.) in New Guinea: the Rev. John T. The Lord Provost, Patrick Jo- Gillard (Baltimore), Procurator of seph Dollan, a native of Scotland, iMissions for the Josephite Fathers, but a descendant of Irish grand- a former national officer of tho Give Medal parents, told reporters here that the "long feud" between Protest- Crusade; the Rev. Francis P. Good- ants and Catholics was at last abat- sy in that city in connection w|th g May an attack by Japanese soldiers on a priest and layman attached to the Catholic University of Peking, the state department announce( I [ ' today. ] ' ' The embassy in Peiping re- =  " ling, and that his election to the ported to the state department [ NP-NI00 griP..qlrlpost of Lord Provost was proof that on Tuesday A. E. Smith- { ==w  = Wlof the new attitude of sympathy berger gave an account of the __ - incident involving himsl-? and ' 'ashinton A nriet is recom t Rev Bla=se Scannell, OF M, .... rnended to receive one of the two who were attacked by Japanese soldiers outside of Peiping on Saturday. Father Scannell and Mr. Smith- berger left Peiping by automobile to go to the summer home con- nected with the Catholic university near the village of  enchuan. where a detachment of Japanese troops is stationed. Father Scan- nell !eft the car and, in accord- ance with the usual custom, en- tered the compound to present his pass. He was immediately set up- on and struck by a Japanese sol- dier, who then loaded his rifle but, fortunately, was disarmed by an- other soldier. Mr. Smithberger, hearing the disturbance, entered the compound and also was struck by a Japanese soldier. Finally both were allowea to proceed to their destination. Former Captain Says First Mass Dublin.--Seven years ago Capt. Eamonn O'Denoghue resigned from the National Army of h'eland and studied for the priesthood. A few days ago he celebrated Mass in the military church in Pm'tobello Bar- racks here, where as an officer he had attended the Holy Sacrifice. Palestine Prelate Calls U.S. Generous Washington.--Paying warm tri bute to the generosity of American Catholics for their support of th(- eLWOrks of the Faith in the Holy and, the Most Rev. Albert Gori. O. F. M.. Custos Guardian of the Holy Land now visiting this coun- try, today revealed here that it s hoped in the near future to re- build the Basilicas of Nazareth, the Holy Sepulchre and Bethlehem. Chart Indicates Growth of Church Tuscon, Ariz. A chart by which c.ne can graphically compare the Church as Christ establLhed it ia 33 A. D. with His Church in the world today is provided in a folder entitled "The Test," which has been prepared by the Rev. Don H. Ilughes, assistant pastor of St. Augustine's Church. and puhlished by the Mission Publishing Company here. medals which are the only ones :Congress is likely to authorize this session. The House of Represents.- tires Committee on Coinage. Weights and Measures this week reported favorably two bills calling for gold medals "of appropriate de sign" to be awarded by Congress. It is understood these are the only two such measures the committee intends to report out in this ses- sion. One bill calls for a medal to b( given to the Rev. Francis X. Quinn of New York City, who at great per sonal risk, saved the lives of an (Iderly couple who were at the mercy of a desperado. The other medal proposes a medal for Howard Hughes, noted round-the-world flier, for "his achievements in advancing the sci- ence of aviation." Heads Marquette Graduate Dept. Milwaukee.--The Rev. Raphael N. Hamilton, S. J., has been named acting dean of the Marquette Grad- uate School. He succeeds Dr. Ed ward A. Fitzpatrick, who resigned after heading the school since 192i. CONGRESS SOUVENIR Budapest.--A souvenir album of the International Eucharistic Con- gress at Budapest has just been published. It is a volume of 300 pages. and understanding toward Catho- lics. When he was a pit-boy tn the coal mines he first heard the Scotch expression that "no Ro- manist ever will be Lord Pro- vost of Glasgow," said Mr. Del- Ian on a visi to St. Patrick's cathedral. Mr. Dollan said he had held var- ious public offices in Scotland for 25 years. He had been the spokes- man of the working classes, he said, and through all his dealings with his fellow workmen he had striven to break down prejudices between Catholics and Presbyter- ians, he said. "When finally I was made Lord Provost I faced a very great prob- lem," he said. "My robes had nev- er been within a Catholic church. Many, you know, felt that the robes should not go into a Catholic chui'ch. Four days after I took office I donned the robes and went to church. The police had to turn out to protect me---so many came to cheer." In the past frye years three new Catholic high schools have been bu/lt by the government, each cost- ing $500,000, Mr. Dollan said. As Lord Provost Mr. Dollan would outrank even members of the cabinet and members of par- liament should they visit Glasgow. In England, the Lord Mayor of London would alone outrank him among civic dignitaries. NOTED ATTORNEY DIES North,Scitauate, Mass.--Francis J. Carney, 62, former vice-president of the American. Bar Association has died here. He was a Catholic. Bishop Yu-pin Plans "Chinese Boystown " (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Boys Ton, Nebr. Correc:ion l=Ialls in China would be reformed or abolished, if the Most Rev. Paul Yu-Pin, Vicar Apostolic of Nanking. had his way. For a substitute, ne would recommend the formation of a "Chinese Boys Town.'" patterned along the lines of Father Flana- gan's Boys' Home here. Bishop Yu-Pin, en route to San Francisco, spent several days in Omaha last week and was the week-end guest of Father Finns- gan. "Father Flanagan is rendering a great humafiitarian servico to the United States," said the Chinese Bishop. Upon leaving here he said he planned to seek a "'Father Flan- agan" among the three dozer. oriests under his jurisdiction in China, and with the aid of the Chi nese government and friends to es- tablish a Boys Town there. Bishop Yu-Pin severely criticized the Chinese Correction Hal:s.! which correspond to the American Reform System, saying the Curl rection Halls are not effective, as i they had a poor plan of education,! family life is lacking and the chil- dren are unhappy, and since the,-,, is no heart in the management .,f he halls, the children cel as ifi they are in a prison. all, director of the Foreign Mission i Seminary of the Holy Cross Con- gregation in Washington, who was formerly a field secretary of the Crusade before going to the mis- isions in India. i Archbishop Francis J. L. Beck- man. of Dubuque, chairman of the National Executive Board of the C. S. M. C.. will be celebrant of the Pontifical Mass, Wednesday morn ing. August 23. which will be the religious highlight of the conven- tion. 700,000 Members The Crusade Convention prom- ises to be one of the largest gath- erings of its kind in the history of the United States. Besides draw- mg upon its own membership of some 700,000, the convention at- tendance will be swelled this year by the general meeting of the Mis- sionary Union of the Clergy, which will be held simultaneously at the university. This society has a sim- ilar propaganda purpose, but with membership limited to priests and students of theology. Archbishop Francis J. Spellman of New York, recently appointed national presi- dent of the Union by missionary heads in Rome, will preside at the meetings of this group. Says Irreligion Cause of Crime In United States Denver. -- Declaring that the United States faces a complet moral and spiritual breakdown, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Hugh L. McMena- min, rector of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, advocated the adoption of com)ulsory reli- gious training in the public schools of Colorado. To achieve this aim, Monsignor McMenamin suggested adoption here of the Minnesota law, under which public school principal= are required to dismiss their pu- pils at regular intervals during school hours for religious in- struction by some organized re- ligious body. Crisis "America is facing a crisis today compared to which unemployment and the economic situation are but trifles," Father McMenamin said. "This crisis is a complete moral and spiritual breakdown in the na- tion." America leads the world in all crimes, including murder, rob- bery, arson and sex offense=,