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The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
July 28, 1961     The Observer
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July 28, 1961

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FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1961 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND THE OBSERVER @ Livin BY NORMA KRAUSE HERZFELD reservoirs and watershed management. THOSE WHO LIKE STATISTICS will find no better source 2) Improving the quality of our streams through more ade- these days than the state of the nation's water. The acceleratedI quate pollution abatement programs. change to an urban, technological society with high: populationl 3) Making better use of underground storage. growth is polluting our water much faster than health officialsI 4) Increasing the efficiency with which water is used through can purify it, and making new demands all out of proportion lelimination of wasteful practices, improved sewage treatment with previous experience. The current argument among those involved in the water situation is whether we will be drinking the same water three times over or six times over or maybe even more within the coming decades. There is no argument over whether we will be "re-using" water. The problem will be how to dean up the dirty water fast enough so we can use it again. Already the total flow of the Ohio river is used 3.7 times before it flows into the Mississippi. These statistics appeared in a work paper for the Surgeon General's National Conference on Water Pollution: ~OUR CITIES STILL PUMP 25 percent of their raw sewage directly into streams and rivers with an additional 31 per cent receiving only primary treatment to remove solids which easily settle out. Our waterways are now carrying six times as much pol- lution as they did 60 years ago. In the 1950s only $3.2 billion was spent for municipal sewage treatment plants when the need was for at least $5.1 billion. Municipal water needs are now seven times greater than they were in 1900. Industry is an even greater water user. Of the 40 billion gallons of water used daily in 1900, 3 billion gallons went to the cities, 15 billion gallons to industry, and 22 billion gallons to irri: gation. Of the 323 billion gallons used daily in 1960, 22 billion gallons went to the cities, 160 billion gallons to industry, and 141 billion gallons to irrigation. AMONG NEW ELEMENTS POLLUTING our water are ra- dioactive wastes, not from fallout, but from uranium processing and related manufacturing plants, mostly in the Northwest and the Southwest. Unknown a few years ago, too, were the synthe- tic organic chemicals, especially detergents for cleaning and pesticides for farm production. People working in water treat- ment plants (:an tell you what time of day it is by the sudden influx of detergents from the housewives' washing machines and dishwashers. Recently the Assistant Surgeon General declared, "New chemi- cals involve processes and products unheard of prior to World War II. Like the famous family coming from St. Ives, every product has seven processes and every process has seven by- product wastes. We now know they do not behave like our traditional pollutants--many are persistent over long periods and we are caught short with our present water purification and waste treatment practices." THE SENATE'S SELECT COMMITTEE on National Water Resources, which has just concluded an exhaustive study, found that U. S. water use will double by 1980 and triple by 2000 if present trends continue. Senator Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, committee chairman, specified in the final report that "the nature, the immediacy and the gravity of the water resources problems faced by the United States will vary greatly from re- gion to region, but it is clear that all parts of the country either have or will have problems. ,In some areas they could become quite painful, and have a far-reaching effect on the economy of the area." The committee outlined five major "categories of effort" in which the nation must do a much better job! procedures, and setting up regional laboratories and research facilities to study water problems. But statistically speaking, this is only a drop in the bucket. Four members of the Select committee felt that the committee report was much too sanguine, that water demands would be twice as great as the report concluded. methods, rec~rculatmn, increased irrigation efficiency, and sub- THESE SENATORS SAID THE U. S. already lives "on the stitution of air for water cooling, edge of water bankruptcy." Present programs to protect water 5) Increasing the natural water yield by desalting, weather supplies should be doubled or tripled, they said, and above modification, and other artificial means, all, water programs should be coordinated with all U. S. con- THE MOST POTENT INSTRUMENTS for achieving mall- servation efforts dealing with forests, minerals, soil, parks and mum use o~ our limited water supply will be increased federall recreational facilities. They further recommended a new Coun- state cooperatmn,'regional planning for entire r~ver basins, andI cil of Resources and Conservation Advisers in the Office of the more research. Congress has just passed new legislation increas- President himself which would emphasize the top priority nec- ing matching grants to local communities for sewage treatmentI essary for this task. ! plant construction and pollution control, tightening enforcement I' (Copyright, 1961, The Catholic Reporter) Invasion Will Free Cuba, Priest Says SAVANNAH, Ga.--A refugee priest said armed invasion is thelsador, he said. ida not attend church and re- only hope for liberating the people of Cuba from Fidel Castro's[ The majority of the Cuban]ceive the sacraments," Father communist tyranny. [people Father D said,'are not D. said, "believe in God and The priest chose to be known,' I ~ . ^ ,~ ~,~1 wen versefl in theirreuglonlnave a iervent oevouon to uur ono as ~amer u. oecause o~ n 1 ' Ma ue Cardmal Artegay ~. ~a ~- I land in some towns only aboutlLadv of Charity the patroness . ~. ~. ~.: tBetancourt, ArchMshop of Ha-I10% of t h e people attendlof the country. So Castro does Ivana hastaken refu~e in thelchurch services 'But all of thelnot yet dare to destroy rehgmn S[lll In cuoa, JEle spent 1~ years '," " ' r ,~ in Cuba He was arrested andIh me of the Argentme ambas-ICuban people, even those who]by destroying the Church. ~with 53 other priests was held :in jail incommunicado for a week. He was ordered to leave Cuba on June 9. For a month; ;he has been a passenger on a freighter bound for his native Italy. All Churches Closed Father D. said he could notll estimate how many priests areI left in Cuba. He said that in Camaguey province where he was stationed the last two] years all churches have been] closed and placed under guard,] and every priest has been ex- ~elled. He said that with so many iests and nuns leaving the :ountry every day, the task of giving religious instructions to children will fall on Catholic action groups, but added they will be restricted by Castro neighborhood spy units called Committees for Defense of the Revolution. Father D. said H a v a n a churches s t a f f e d by Cuban ~riests have not been closed ~ut are threatened with seizure the priests speak out against "Cuban socialism." All church- es throughout Cuba staffed by non-Cuban priests have been closed. 1) Regulating streamflow through the construction of surface -- --Miss,on" Cross q I / ! l. 4tDamaged by Red UL/eddinas ~1 BERLIN Hoodlums in thei ~ 4 ~ ~ d ~ [East German town of Luebben-I J~-~ ~ '~q~~l~l~[au have hacked pieces from aI I~ t~'~g~' AuR R" " ", Jla[~ Church, July 22.1"Imissi n cross in front of thai, I~-,'~-'~ ~--n~,ss Marilyn Miller and John],own,$Catholic church I ~.~- lift I'~ t. Whyte in St. Joseph ~ f m .~ ~";~ SATAVIA--MIss Mary Ellen Pavlak and Last ear stones were thrown Ill] [*' a~l~ Warren Patzer in Holy Cross Church, Y m i ~] ~: "- " June ,0. l at a statue of the Blessed Vlr- ' a~,i ~[ ]= e~l~ BYRON--MissJudith A. Ryan and!gin that stands over the churchI ml =--1 agllIK~J "fl III I -ILJ Donald E. Cook in St Mary Church I.~ M= I "~IUI June 2~. : 'luoar. l El Ell nn I, o,xo.-M,ss Pamela H. Woodrow andl At the same time the mission! []- ml mi01]l]l == .Ju Rona,d E. ,is in Patrick church . Im mS=Ill June 17. cross was aamageo, a cnape~ IILI-~J 1/ art Diedrich in St. Catherne Church ~ ~d I n .4 1.~;A ~--L July 15. l e~ery w,t~ u~u~c. u a.u za,u ELGIN--Miss ~arlene F. Gripp and l waste. ;:E Charles G. Mi,er in St. Joseph Church, ljuly Luebbenau a town in Brand-. . : -S4f19 OE.EV.--M,ss Susanne Downs and enburg, ~s growmg rapidly w ,-- !,- Willard J. Bell, Jr in St. Peter Church, through new concentration of in- June 24. lidus ty.r " ~iss Lenore F. Jordan and George W, ,a2. ,; 7::,o;3h J2YTlJ;or and I Donald J, Suchy in St. Patrick church July ]5. Storage Co 330 S. Wyman Rockford, III. ROCKFORD --- Miss Joy C. Farley M chael J. Rowe n St. James pro-cathed- ral, July 8. Miss Carolyn Kegel and Joseph E. Eg- !ler in St, Patrick church, June 24. ~iss Joyce Mirwald and Edward Shana- hen in St. Edward Church, July 22. SOMONAUK --Miss Eva Jane Trout and David E. Parisot in St. John the Baptist church, July 8. ATKINSON -- Miss Shlrley Fray, Pro- phetstOwn, end David Stenzel, in St. An- thony church, July 15. Troxel Knows AGE 5 Catholic Church Finland Finland, the Land of t h e Thousand Lakes, has a population of over 4,000,000. The country itself has an area almost the size of California. For centuries under Swedish domination and under the yoke of the Czar, Finland today is an indepen- dent republic. The heroic fight of t h i s peace-loving people against the Soviet Un- ion remains fresh in the memory. The Lutheran Church and the Greek Orthodox a r e recognized as Finland's State Churches. Since 96 percent of its population claim affiliation with the Lutheran Church, Finland maintains the unique position of being "the most Luther- an country in the world." Faith Rekindled And yet, Finland has a Catholic past. That t h e Medieval Age of Faith burnt brightly in Finland is testified by its many stone churches and magnificent Cathedral in Turku which date back from the pre- reformation days. Many of these struco tures are still used by the Lutheran con, gregations and many a church still has the frescos of Catholic times. After the Protes- tant Revolt, the first Catholic life stirred again with the coming of Catholic Polish wasI BELIEVEthe nameINofGODa three-act-- This soldiers who served in the Russian army drama presented by the Chin and were garrisoned in Finland. For these dren of St. tElizabeth Social Center Tuesday marking the/~l~[ soldiers then, a Catholic church was erect- close of a six-week religious i iI ed in Viipuri in 1799, and in 1860 a second summer school. Of the 90 CARL N church in Helsinki. children attending the daily morning classes, 13 will re- ! In 1917, during the revolution in Russia ceive first Holy Communion I COMPANY, [I [ of which it had been a part since the begin- this Sunday. Wednesday the children were taken to But- tons Bay at Lake Geneva, [I Since 1888 lil .~.~fi ~[/~,t .gt~its~ I ning of the 19th century, Finland gained Wis. for a picnic and swim.I '' f'", I1@ a=k;:::;: I its final independence. In 1920 Finland ruing. Present at the Tues- day festival was the Most I o II II was made an Apostolic Vicariate; in 1921- Rev. Loras T. Lane. (Obser- ver photo). II R.k ord, i.oi. II II1922 freedom of religion was established " - - 11 it bylaw. At once great activity set on foot. o Holland gave priests and lay brothers Top Family Enjoyment? THURS. 7 P.M. WREX-TV Channel members of the Congregation of the Sa- CONERY TREE EXPERTS LANDSCAPING SINCE 1923 3327 N. Main St Rockford DIAL TR 6-1811 cred Heart. Gradually the number of priests increased; Si ters arrived f r o m America to assist the Dutch Sisters to un- dertake Catholic teaching in English. True Mission Land @ DR. R, F CHLEIfH[I OPTOMETRIST Dial WO 2-69i 2 421 E State 13 Gasparini Then WAR! l The Finns found them- selves opposing an aggressor--the Russian You can bank on the Illinois National & Oliveri in more ways than one/ N. Ch h -- --- FUNERAL HOME Army whiChagain by this tinyWaSbutbeatenbravebaCkarmy.timeGradu-and E tC:nven e?g .w. 7 Two Cha,e A PERSONALIZED SERVICE ally, the Finns were overpowered. Peace DIAL WO .6332 conditions were hard, very hard!!! The P Y " " La,p e. 707 Marchesano world preoccupied with other problems 'A CHECKING Location. soon forgot about this little country in the Area $~'~ nocKzora far frozen N o r t h. Occasionally a brief ~~ IV~ore rhon ACCOUNT II Can,':,' l~~l~i~i~ ,:F'er:e::~e I]g ~ ,I news item might appear remarking that ,I Chapel tin Finland had paid all her debts to t h e Pay utility bills, insurance premiums, II !I you Don't Know U.S.A and thereby made the reading charge accounts, other items, td -,II FITZGERALD FUNERAL HOME D I A hA O N D S public semi-conscious that such a country II F,k Fffzgerald Robert F,zger*ld 1/11 -,v, 'V, l, I' Know tour ]ewelerl u, still existed. ' [ The Catholic mission in Finland also suffered a severe blow from the war. As a consequence of two wars, against the Soviet Union, the Catholic mission lost : "'r 11 till=" U II II II 1137 Broadway Rockford WO [ almost 50% of all its institutions a n d ' - II %, rt ,: v a v m it-t= :::::::::::::::::::: property. i Lou Bachrodt personally invffes you to visit "Chevyville', a ' ::::: : c of .ow eo new trucks *.d .sod c*r, 5 Vacation Prenarations task given in the hands of the Bishop, is ::~,: ,~ " ":ii:~i. hugo Iototions serving you with the finest in outomotivo F still going on and needs help. At present roles and service . . Remember --- 100 new'1961 Chevroleh For immediate delivery --- no waiting --- all serviced and Make sure that your smaller valuables there are only twenty priests in a country ready to go. and important papers have the safety as big as California. This Northern Land MAIN OFFICE NEW CARS and privacy of a First National Safe De- is mission territory as perhaps nowhere {n 330 S. Church St. 323 S. Church St. -osit Box. " " ' the world. It pleads for understanding and " Our Complete Service Dept. Largest Display in this Area P ~3~ Body Shop and New Car 100 New, 1961 Chevrolets Ston in at First National for your su- assistance. Soles and Corvoirs to choose from r ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK & T UST CO. South Main at Chestnut 0 SUPER CAR MARKET NO. 1 401 SO. CHURCH ST. WO 34425 74 "OK' USED CARS SUPER CAR MARKET NO. 2 1S1~ KISHWAuKEE ST. WO 5-8681 'OK' USED CARS NEW '61 CHEVROLETS 1960 DEMONSTRATORS SUPER CAR MARKET NO. 3---2643 11TH STREET WO 2-3705 --- NO DOWN PAYMENT '$6 AND OLDER MODELS. ROCKFORD "IVhere You Can ALWAYS Be Sure" per-safe vacation money ' Travelers Cheques. Join our 50-week Vacation Club to :be financially ready for Vacation 1962. FIRST NATIONAL BANK and TRUST COMPANY 401 EAST STATE ST ROCKFORD MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORP. "Rock/ord' s Oldest Bank" F.REE PARKING SPACE Completo banking services: Savings Accounts Checking Accounts Christmas Club * Vacation Club * Trust Services Sate Deposit Boxes Home & Property Improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mail, postage paid both ways Free Parking while YOU bank * Drive-in FacJlities * Phone WO 3-3431 I The Society for the Propagation of the I I Faith I 507 Avenue B I Sterling, Illinois I am enclosing my personal gift of I $ for the support of Catholic I Missions throughout the world. Name Address L city .: