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July 28, 1961     The Observer
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July 28, 1961

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Text of Encyclical 'Mater et Magistra' See Pages 64 Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol, XVI--No. 30 ROCKFORD, July 28, 1961 12 PAGEs QUITO, Ecuador -- Ecuador's Bishops have called in a joint statement for a program of so- cial and economic reform in this South American nation and also denounced the Red regime of Cu- ban Premier Fidel Castro. At the same time Carlos Card- inal de la Torre, Archbishop of Quito, has issued a pastoral let- ter urging Ecuadorians to awak- en to the internal threat of com- munism. The Bishops said: "A reasonable and properly based social transformation is indispensable and urgently need- ed in our country. The Bishops proclaim emphatically that it is necessary to care for those who suffer, to help those who are seeking homes, land and job op- portunities to fulfill honorably God's law to earn their daily bread by the sweat of their brows. "But such a transformation be brought about by ex-i wi~h decision and with're-! for the rights of man and ':e supreme laws of God. "It is our duty to and condemn the inhuman, un- just and sectarian attitude adopted by the present govern- ment of Cuba against the Cath- olic Church. It is not a question of isolated deeds . . or of a dif- ference in viewpoint The Church is undergoing a hard, impious and well planned perse- cution." The Bishops urged a crusade of prayer and sacrifice that God "may free Cuba from the terri- ble trial it is experiencing." Cardinal de la Torre urged Catholics in his pastoral letter: "Awaken from your lethargy, the enemy is at the gates and has already taken the first steps to invade our soil." The Cardinal warned against "revolutionary action groups" which are operating freely in Ecuador and noted the presence of Soviet submarines on the Ec- uadorean coast. IN POLAND Red Statistics Show Growth Of Religious BERLIN -- A hostile book on religious orders in Poland, pub- lished by a state-operated firm there, reveals that the number of Religious g r e w 17 percent from 1949 to 1958. The book, Religious Orders published by Ksaizkai Wiedza in Warsaw, said the Warsaw re- gime o/'dered all religious or- ders to g i v e details of their membership and organization in 1949, allegedly with a view to regulating their legal status. The registration showed that Poland's 46 orders of men had total of 7,457 Religious. There 111 religious congregations women, with a total of 23,318 Religious. Among the orders of women were 18 called "'secret" by the government. By "secret" the government meant that their merpbers wore no habits. Thes numbered at that time about 3,600 Religious. The author of the book, Czes- law Stryjenski, said religious orders of men had 8,102 mem- bers in 1958. By that time the number of women Religious had grown to more than 28,000. From 1949 to 1958 the number of houses of men Religious grew from a little over 2,000 to about 2,500. The combined growth amounts to 17 percent. Stryjenski says the legal sta- tus of the religious orders has not yet been determined. He calls this "a condition incom- ipatible with legal orc,er. The Most Rev. Loras T. Lane The Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen Papal, Extension Volunteers New Pastor @ @ augura Y A program to organize and develop the lay missionary movement in t h e Diocese of Rockford has been announced by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane. In a state to THE OBSERVER, Bishop Lane said he was es- tablishing an organization "to encourage lay people to give themselves to the work of the missions in the United States ~nd Latin America. "We want to participate in and support, as extensively as pos- sible, the great lay missionary "@ @ lSSlonary American Bureau of the Na- tional Catholic Welfare Confer- ence. Through t h e Extension Vol- unteers, lay missioners will be placed in the American home missions for periods of one year or more. The program is being diocesan organization w i 1 1 be formed to carry on the work of recruiting, f i n a n c i n g, and screening Pavla and Extension Volunteers. p Persons desiring to learn more a b o u t these programs should address inquiries to: The Rev. Francis J. Moroney, Lay Mission Volunteers, 1245 North Court street, Rockford, Illinois. Parents Attend Catechetical School Appointed At Rockford ROCKFORD -- The Rev. AI- oysius Tierney, O.S.A has been appointed pastor of b-~. Mary church. Father Tierney succeeds the Rev. James D. Clark, O.S.A who has been named as prior of the Augustinian Mission house at Fort Wayne, Ind. Father Tierney studied at Vil- lanova university, Philadelphia, and ct the Catholic university, Washington, D.C. He holds a master of arts degree from the latter institution. The new pastor of St. Mary was ordained in 1930. After or- dination, he taught at St. Rita high school in Chicago, and at ROCKFORD -- Plans for a huge rally here of the Holy Name societies of the Diocese of Rockford Sept. 24 were announc- ed-by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane this week in a special let- ter to the clergy. Immediate purpose of the ral- ly will be to emphasize the ex- tent of the dangers which threat- en Christian civilization, espe- cially from atheistic Comm~ nism. The ultimate goal, how- ever, is the revitalization and ex- tension of the Holy Name society in the diocese. Bishop Sheen To Speak Heading the list of speakers at the rally will be the Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen, auxiliary bishop of New York and national direc- tor for the Propagation of the Faith, who is probably best known for his television series "Life Is Worth Living." Arrangements for the rally arc to be made by the Holy Name societies in the various parishes under the general direction of the Rev. Arthur J. O'Neill, dio- cesan director of the Holy Name society. Time For Action In issuing his call to the Cath- olic men of the diocese, Bishop Lane noted: "These are times that call upon all good Catholic men to rally to the cause of Christ, and to p u s h back the forces of evil which are so in- tent Ul~On destroying men's souls. Courageous men with the royal blood of Christ coursing through their veins, filled with zeal to do their part in the on- ward march of the Church Mili- tant, will be the instruments of God to christianize the world. "They have a special oppor- tunity to fulfill this role as ac- parishes but said that he be- lieved much more could be ac- complished when such an organ- ization is found in every par- ish of the diocese, "so that with their united strength ,and influ- ence they will constitute a great- er force for good." Bearing this in mind, the bish- op asked that in those parishes where there is no Holy Name society at the present time, pro- vision be made for establishing the society. He also asked that where the society is already es- tablished, but inactive, steps be taken to reactivate the group with proper leadership and an ~ attractive program. Impressive Record In stressing the importance of OFFICIAL APPOINTMENT Phe Reverend Aloysius Tierney O.S.A to be P a s t o r of Saint Mary's Church, Rockford. the society, Bishop Lane noted it is one of the finest organiza- tions for men in the Church, an organization which, since its in- ception in the 13th century, has an,impressive record of achieve- ment in furthering the central mission of the Church, that is, the sanctification of mankind. Tracing the origin of this de- votion to t h e Holy Name of God, Bishop Lane writes: "SinceI earliest times the name of God has been revered as the name above all names, and worthy of all love and veneration. Through the Ages movement which is coming to birth in our times. In the past, the Catholic laity have readily given their money to support the missions. Now, those who are qualified will have the added opportunity of giving themselves in the work of preaching Christ to every nation." As a first step in the program, Bishop Lane has appointed the Rev. Francis J. Moroney to the post of Diocesan Lay Volunteer representative. In this capacity, Father Moroney will coordinate diocesan activities to recruit, place and support lay mission- aries. Father Moroney will be the diocesan representative for two national programs, the Pa- pal Volunteers for Latin Amer- ica and the Extension Volun- teers. Commonly known as Pavla be- cause of the initials of its of- ficial title, the Papal volunteers program is set up to send lay missionaries to Latin American countries for periods of three years. Catechists, health work- e r s, teachers, Catholic Action organizers, Catholic Charities and St. Vincent De Paul work- ers will be sent to areas where they are needed. A program of the Holy See, Pavia is being administered by the American hierarchy through the Latin World News 2 Catholic Charities 2 Coming Events 2 Family Clinic 3 Requiescant 3 Strange But True 3 Washington Background : 5 Weddings 5 DCCW Page .' 8 Meet the Clergy 8 Rural Life Page 9 Doris Answers Youth le, St. Vincent's Jottings 10 Legion Of Decency 10 For Teens Only 2 II TV Movie Guide 11 ROCKFORD --- Construction on the new St. Anthony Hospi- t a l is three weeks ahead of schedule according to William P. Ryan, associate lay admin- istrator of the hospital. Ryan attributes the rapid progress to the fact that there have been no difficulties in securing build- ing materials and labor and that no major problems are expect- ed. "There is good cooperation between the contractors," Ryan said, "and they are all doing a fine job." The new three-unit hospital, located on an 85 acre site on State street east of Alpine road, was begun last March. The total cost of the development pro- gram is estimated at $4,500,000. Occupancy date is set for 1963. Announced in 1958 T h e development program was announced in 1958 by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane, bish- op of Rockford. At that time the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis, who staff St. Anthony, announced that they would finance $2,000,000 of the project. An additional $2.000,000 was raised by a fund drive and the hospital received a $780,000 ~ederal grant through the U.S. Public Health Service last year. The development program al- so provides for the conversion Cascia hall in Tulsa. In 1948, he was appointed to St. Augustine church, Detroit, and since 1959 he has been assigned to Espada Mission of St. Francis, San An- tonio, Texas. tive members of the Holy Name organization." Calls for United Effort Bishop Lane praised the work of the society in a number of "In the Old Testament the psalmist reminded the people that 'our help is in the name of the Lord, who made heaven and earth;' 'blessed is the man lmain s signed for an eventual plant of 350 beds when sufficient funds are available, Ryan said. Structure Air Conditioned The entire structure will be air conditioned and Ryan noted that individual controls will be placed in the patients' rooms. Each patient room has its own toilet facilities and p r i v a t e r o o m s include showers. The hospital will have t h e latest communications system, allow- ing vocal contact between the nurse and patient. This system replaces the buzzer method of communication. An "Intensive Care" unit has been designed for St. Anthony and will be the first of its kind to be installed in a new build- ing. This unit provides concen- trated nursing care for the se- riously ill patients. Cobalt Will be Replaced Ryan said that cobalt will be replaced b[ cesium as a radio- active source in the radioactive therapy department of the hos- p i t a 1. Cesium has a longer source life. A control panel in the boiler plant will provide instant data on the temperature and humid- ity of the main building. The structure is completely fireproof. Whose trus* is in the name of the Lord; 'and the prophet Joel declared 'that it shall come to pass, that everyone that shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be save@,' "In the New Testament we read in the writing of St. Paul that 'in t h e name of Jesus, every knee shall bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth' and that 'whatsover you do in word or in work, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.' Pillar of Strength "The Acts of the Apostles tell of the wondrous things that were done by the disciples of Christ through the invocation of His name. "It is no wonder, then, that throughout the ages the divine name has served to show forth God's love and mercy toward men. It has likewise been a pil- lar of strength, a corner-stone of faith and hope for all those who call upon Him. Filled with the spirit of her founder, and guided by His infallible ways, the Church has ever held aloft the banner proclaiming Christ's Holy Name, inviting all men to identify themselves with all that tha~ Name represents in t h i s life and in the life to come." Urges Participation Noting that the invitation has been ~ccepted in a special way by those who band together in the organization known as the Holy Name society, Bishop Lane says: "It is open to all Catholic men who ~re truly intent on the sincere practice of their faith, who place the salvation of their soul above any other destiny, and who are determined to give Christ His rightful place in the human familly." Bishop Lane concludes his let- ter by urging the Holy Name society of each parish to partici- pate to the fullest extent pos- sible for "this rally will not only be. a great benefit to all who attend, but will also serve to inspire and motivate the var- ious Holy Name societies of the diocese in the furtherance of their objectives." Further information on t h e rally and the program to will be given as plans develop in the weeks ahead. Catholic Students Study Dangers Of Communism " ALTOONA, Pa. --(NC)-- The Catholic Educational association of Pennsylvania has approved a. plan to sponsor a program on [Communism in Catholic schools and colleges in the state. This was reported by Msgr: Francis A. McNelis, president of the association and superinten- dent of Catholic schools in the Altoona - Johnstown diocese. He said the program is an ef- fort "to focus attention on the evils and dangers of commu- nism to the human individual as a person, to the freedom of American citizens and to the in- violability of a Christian spirit of life in accord with unchanging moral principles." Msgr. McNelis said the associ- ation's executive board had ap- proved an outline for an anti communism program which each of the eight Sees in the state will adopt for their own schools.