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Rockford, Illinois
July 15, 1951     The Observer
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July 15, 1951

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Three SecUo,-s Ne s qJe(Uon 0 15, 1951 OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE VOL. XL, NO. l'l Law Suit Seeks Religious Garb In Schools Nuns Made Defendants In Case Filed In Fleming, Colorado Fleming, Colo. =- (NC) -- Two Franciscan nuns have been included as defendant parties in a suit, first filed in 1949, which now is amended to ask that they "be restrained from teaching in their religious garb" in a public school near here. Attorneys for the nuns sought their inclusion in the suit, which hitherto had cited as sole defend- ants school district officials, Logan county and State school superin- tendents, and the county treasurer It is expected the nuns will plead their constitutional right to wear religious garb. Specific basis of the original suit, which did not name the Sisters as defendants, was that teaching in public schools in religious garb was unconstitutional. In his recent order directing that the nuns be named as defendants, Judge George C. Twombly also ruled the plaintiff must prove the Sisters taught sec- tarian doctrines. According to the nuns' attorneys, the school directors and the Sisters have consistently maintained that no religious instruction is given in the school and no sectarian doc- trines have been taught. Sisters M. Georgetta and M. Bertram are the two newly-named defendants. They have been teach- Ing at a two-room country school at St. Peter, about ten miles south of Fleming. The area includes many German-American families, who asked the Sisters to come to the school district's aid some 12 years ago when the community was unable fully to maintain a public achool. According to the Denver Register all State and county officials have certified that the school is a validly constituted public school and is well managed by the directors and teachers involved. As one observer put it, "the children in this isolated farming area have been fortunate in having as their instructors highly trained college graduates, which is unusual in thm type of public school." The complainant is W. E. Outcalt, a retired sugar company fleldman. In a companion case the treasur- er of Logan County was ordered to pay salary warrants to the two nuns, who sued for payment of their salary. They based their case on their constitutional rights to teach in public schools as duly qualified and certified appointees. Berlin Bishop Bishop Wilhelm Weskamm, Aux- iliary Bishop of Paderborn, since 1949, who has been appointed Bishop of Berlin filling the See made vacant by the death of Car. dinal yon Preyslng last Decemo bet. Bishop Weskamm has been In charge of the Soviet zone sec- tor_of the Paderborn archdiocese. ..... , (NC Photos) I .m Canadian. Daily Says Comm,es Admit Faith Dins Hard In Hungary , Montreal By their "travesty of a trial" of Archbishop Josef Groesz of Kalocsa, who has been sentenced to 15 years in pris- on, "Hungary's communist leaders admit that faith in and loyalty to the Church dies inconveniently hard." The observation was made edi- torially by The Montreal Star, lo- cal daily secular newspaper, com- menting on the prelate's "trial." The editorial states: "With a few changes of names, the current Bu- dapest trial of a group of alleged plotters against the communist re- gime would coincide remarkably with a similar one two years ago. Different defendants are in the !dock, but the circumstances are strikingly similar, the same un- believable charges to a great ex- tentz the same well-rehearsed con- fesslons, the same alleged instiga- tors of treason. It is an apt com- mentary on the proceedings to say that Cardinal Mindszenty, sent to prison for life in 1949, is still on trial. Same Old Opposition San Francisco---(NC) -- The National Education Association at its annual conven- tion here shouted down every proposal to soften its traditional opposition to any kind of public assistance for parochial school children. Despite more dissent than at any previous gathering, the membership decided that an NEA convention would not be complete without a resolution stipulating in effect "no public funds for non-public schools." Passage of the resolution marked the ninth repetition in as many years of the NEA's. stand on Federal aid to Educa- tion. Nearly 5,000 delegates to the 89th annual convention sat pa- tiently in the Civic Auditorium as a long list of resolutions received perfunctory approval by voice vote. From snatches of conversa- tion overheard earlier, it was ap- parent that the majority were waiting with mounting interest for the inevitable debate on No. 14, the one headed "Public Funds for Public Schools." e old By REV. PATRICK O'CONNOR As it appeared in the resolutions committee report, No. 14 declared: "The National Education Asso- ciation believes the American tra- dition of separation of church and state should be vigorously and zealously safeguarded. "The association respects the rights of groups, including reli- gious denominations, to maintain their own schools so long as such schools meet the educational, health, and safety standards de- fined by the States in which they are located. "The association believes that these schools should be financed entirely by their supporters. "The association therefore o~- poses all efforts to devote pubhc funds to either the direct or the indirect support of these schools." No sooner had the chairman an- nounced the resolution open for discussion than members of sev- eral State delegations jumped to the floor microphones to make ob- jections. It was the only resolu- tion of 16 to stir enthusiastic op- position from the floor. At least 20 delegates were on their feet asking recognition be- fore the hour-long debate was over ---most of them in favor of taking no stand at all on the issue of aid to nonpublic schools. Mrs. Elma Le Blond of West Hartford, speaking for the whole Continued on page 12A Jn Seoul--(Radio, NC)--A Korean cease-fire is bound to bring a general sense of relief, although it is clear that the crucial questions underlying the conflict are still to be ans- wered. The GI who knows what it means to face bullets and grenades and see buddies killed beside him cannot help but welcome a cease-fire, just as he~ welcomes an order to move out of If fighting continued, the U. N. the front hnes. to a rest area. forces might take Wonsa .n. the ............Some GI's remind themselves that northeastern port which the Rus- "'no~mng.may come oi ]~..m, ~ne stuns reportedly want to lease. The e,nu.:, Tney suspec~ a ~rlcK sn U. N. might then recapture Pyong- ~ne ~eu Peace move. yang, the Red capital, and estab- The averag~ Korean attitude can lish a strong line across North be described as "more worried than Korea's narrow waist. pleased." .......... These possibilities may persuade ~ommunlsz znlnKlng Is ODVIOUS- the communists to su~,~,est an over r m ve - .......... " ly hard to analyze. The fi st o all Korean election and a unified towards an armistice was made by overnment, ii,~R .... g butalong the ...... Jacob A. Mahk, chief Sovze~ of the Russian nronosal r~;~tod United Nations delegate, in a ra-i by the U. N Po~itic~al Com'r~ittee die address in New York. There- last Octol)er fore they see an advantage at Q ~ho ~.:--..:~, .... :., least m opening dsscussmns. They -ret i~ l ........ " "- -~ .......f the p w ae y aaverusea uouo~s ana may cazcuia~c ~,u,,~ ,~,# u Lesitancies of United Nations pol- * following lines: 1. Peace proposals by the Reds, even if unacceptable, would give them a propaganda advantage as appearing devoted to peace, while the U. N. might be blamed for re-I jection. 2. Further Red offensives would be too costly in view of the heavy losses recently inflicted by U. N. forces. Therefore, the forcing of a U. N. "Dunkirk" is no longer pos- sibl:e.___ LIr e icy makers as 'a sign that a large section of the United Nations would settle for a restored boundary at the 38th Parallel. This would save the Reds' "face." This would re-es- tablish communist control, this time with the color of legality, of a substantial part of Korea. They would probably see a good chance of taking South Korea later. The control of North Korea, with U. N. sanction, would give communism another invaluable base for action directed towards the coveted prize --Japan. 4. A cease-fire followed by long di~scussions, drawn out as the Rus- sians drew out the U. S.-Soviet Commission meetings here in 1946 "The trial, of course, is a crude and 1947, would give them great drama staged for the edification arian advantages. The U. N. Forces D:,k^R l^,~ea l-'ga of the Hungarian people. Others would certainly deteriorate mean- ..,j..vV ..v.w. ..,.. now what " " ............. know well enough by while. Red propagandmtsmight 3tudied With View To value to place on confessions of ,e hope to arouse popular feel- .... _.__~:^. /,~ ..... the sort that highlight such corn- ,. ing against all U. N troops. Winter ~u.,vn,z.w.,v,. ~.~u~,w munist judicial proceedings, and | ld h~ ~nn~nnohi~ ~v~ W0U.~._ __ -~*" ....... ~ ..... a Dubuque, Iowa --(NC) -- Msgr. from the teshmony" of one of the II week s delay would increase" rater-" Sylvester D. Luby, head of the few with experience, Robert Voge- DR FRIEDRICH F""DER . nal difficulties of the U N Forces history department of Loras Col-]ler, enough about how they are . t~m and make a resumption" of' hostili- legs, has arrived in France to gath- I elicited. (Mr. Vogeler, United Ylonnn (l~ndlr~ I~T/'~.~ A ~a.alhz ~ll ;nft~,.r~A at*,~.o~* ties more difficult er materml on the life of Bzshop J States busmessman, recently re- I. ...... ~,.,~. +1. ..... ..~^.~ :.~...: ...... , ..# ~ .... tr ...... :~.. Six vearo a~- -* yo~t~ o.~ " - ,, ' B[ he " again at Potsdam, the principal buque, according to word recezvedlcalled h~s eonfessmn commumst- s ps. eountHoo +hot ,.;. ~,,;. ,~,~+;.. here. J mannfactured rubbmh ). They are B shops Andrew Hamvas of Csanad, who is K,r a'a ',ta ,.1 m 1..... ;oo,; Mons.i no.r Luby, who is a form-] "The Hungarians, apparently, also Apostolic Administrator of Esztergom, Josef Petery eli tha't "-;in due'cours'e'K'orea hal"i' )e er premaenz ox ,.eras ~ollege here, .... come free an " " ...................... [d~d not heheve all that they were Vac. Bartholomew Badallk. 0 P. of Veszvrem. and Loms l d mdependent Rus- 15 mttKlng ~ ~ eCl~l s~uuy oi Ene , - - "- - , " ....... ~ ..... ]told at Cardinal Mmdszentys trml ~h .... of Szekesfehervar ~l sm proclaimed adherence to the . will go to Rome where he wilI con-| Francis Yirag o?Pecs, Alexander I f^r..:__ ..... :_. :.,^ . China, was placed under house fer with Vatican officials on the[ ~Qrks ~00th Jubilee Kovaes of Szombathely, Coloman[c~urc~on'~e~ovi'e~" p~a~ter~ .... [arrest in Nanking on June 26, it historical groundwork for possible ] Papp of Gyoer and Nicholas Duda [ ..... :. [ was learned here. ' H ~eporzs commg ou~ OZ vienna introduction of Bishop Loras | St. Henri de Maseouehe, Que. of the Byzantine-Rite See of aj-| ....... , [ Held with the Archbishop are are a n 1 tfl r prmr zo zne ~ungarmn regime s cause. |--(NC)-- The 200th anniversary of ~ dudorog ppare t y s ' 1 f ee. ] ........ [ Msgr. Joseph Caprio, Italian audi- , announcement ox .~rcnolsnop ~ro- The name of Dubuques first]the founding of the parish of St.[ The Hungarian press has still] , , ..... , .......... ]tor and the Rev. Hermon Unden, esz s trial nau s~a~eu zna~ Arch Bishop is popular in Iowa. Not only |Henri was observed here with re-|not published the alleged declara-[ ........ ': J Belgian secretary. ' D18110 t~roesz nau oeen arreszea is Lores College named after him/ligious and civic ceremonies. Bishop I tion of loyalty attributed to Bishop land t~at Bisho-s Hamvas and Pe [ Red soldiers have been stationed but its new president, Bishop-elect |J. A. Papineau of Joliette, offieiat- I Hamvas by the re,rime and broad- I .... v~. . . ~." I at the ~te~ , th~ [nta~n~int .... - - ~ery nan prooamy oeen arres~ea ...... - ............................ Lores T. Lane, and the principal of led at Pontifical Mass. An historical J cast over the Budapest Radio. In J On Jul 4 the o-e' 1 Hu a "Jforhiddin~ the entrance or exit of the academy, Father Lores Wat-[pageant and a ban~/uet were other]the alleged statement the Bishop [ y , m m ng r-[ anyone ~he trio is renorted well ~. tots, are named for him too. [features of the observance. I admittedthe charges of complicity [ Continued on page 12A /an~i in good spirits. -