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July 7, 1961     The Observer
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July 7, 1961
 

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@ By Father Patrick O'Connor Society of St. Columban SAIGON, Vietnam-- (NC) -- Communist bad faith in Laos and Western weakness in Gen- eva are making the skies dark- er over southeast Asia. People here in guerrilla-plagued south- ern Vietnam see the threat from Laos becoming daily more de- finite. The communist b a d faith, from Moscow to Hanoi to Xieng Khouang, has been glaringly evident since last March. Russian Stall The Russians deIayed for long weeks before agreeing with the British on the text of a message calling for a cease-fire in Laos. (The British foreign secretary and Russian foreign minister are cochairmen of the Geneva conference that brought the In- dochina armistice in 1954) While the Russians were stalling, their Communist allies in Laos were waging war aggressively, with the artillery and amunitions sup- plied by Russian airlift. At length, on April 24, the joint message was issued with diplomatic fanfare. According to an official British source, the Russians had explained the de- lay on their part by saying that they had to clear every word with Peking, Hanoi and Xieng Khouang. (Xieng Khouang is the headquarters of the commu- nist Pathet Lao and their allies in Laos.) Launch Attack All this implied that the Com- munists in Laos and North Viet- nam were now willing to have a cease-fire. In fact, they kept on fighting. The Laotian govern- ment declared its readiness for an immediate cease-fire. Owing to Communist delay, it did not take place until May 3. About one week later, how. ever, the Communists launched an attack on Padong, held by Meo soldiers of the government army. They kept up the attack until the defenders, overwhelm- ed by imported artillery, with- drew. The Communists have continu- ed to violate the cease-fire with cynical persistence. Commission Ineffective Meanwhile the international commission has arrived in Laos to supervise the carrying out of the cease-fire. It has been ren- largely ineffective by st obstruction. The commission consists of Indian, Canadian and Polish representatives, named by their respective governments Polish members are, of Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol. XVI---No. 27 ROCKFORD, JULY 7, 1961 12 PAGES ,q ATTEND JUBILEE INAUGURAL--Presidents of the organiza- "kick-off" in a series of Jubilee events commemorating the tions at St. Joseph Mercy hospital, Aurora, are shown above 5Oth anniversary of the founding of the hospital as well as the with their wives and husbands, members of the participating establishment of the Sisters of Mercy in Aurora. (Park Place clergy, and Sisters of Mercy on the occasion of the hospital's Studio photo} jubilee inaugural celebration recently. The Inaugural was the Communists They seek to a rule of unanimity in the com-I ~9 mission, which would give them~ o; X-ray T c nology Alumnae. The principal address at the a veto. I AURORA -- The 50th anniver- e h The president of the commis-lsary of the founding of St. Jo- Mrs. Weber's remarks were Jubilee Inaugural was given by sion, the chief Indian delegate,[seph Mercy hospital as well as t h o s e of introduction rath- the Rt. Rev. Msgr. William J. has asked the Geneva confer-lthe establishment of the Sisters er than retrospect. The group, Donovan, pastor of Holy Cross ence to authorize the commis- of Mercy here was inaugurated for which she acts as secretary- church, Batavia. sion to have its own transporta- recently with a Jubilee Inaugur- treasurer, is relatively new. She Monsignor Donovan described tion. Otherwise it cannot goal celebration at the hospital acquainted her audience with the initial struggles of the five where and when it wishes to su-I The inaugural, attended by the school of X-ray itself and Sisters of Mercy who came to pervise and investigate. .The presidents, past and present, of with the aims of its graduates. Aurora in 1911 to begin their Russians will not agree, all organizations affiliated with The Rev. Joseph Lonergan, mission here. He recalled the West Retreats the hospital and the hospital's chaplain, spoke in general about charity that is synonymous with Here in' Vietnam a similar school of nursing, began with a the spiritual care of the sick. He the name, Mother Mary Cur- commission has been operating, Solemn High Mass of thanks- commended the Sisters of Mdr- nelia, R.S.M one of the early since 1954. According to a com- giving and a breakfast which in- cy for their devotecl work in the superiors at St. Joseph Mercy. mission source, part of its weak- troduced a period of several hospital field. Monsignor Donovan reminded ness is due to the fact that it months' observance. does not possess its own meansKeynote -- Progress LECTURE ON CHRISTIAN UNITY of transportation. Progress was the keynote in The Western governments the brief review of the organiza- seem to have retreated from :ions' work, presented at the Sees the position that they held so conclusion of the breakfast. Dr. stoutly in their statements of Bernard E. Moisant, tohstmas- some months ago. ter, introduced Dr. Walter Grigg, I ,~ On April 25, releasing the text president of the medical staff ].gg'l -~ ~' of the joint Anglo - Russian Dr. Grigg cited the growth ofI v cease-fire message to the press I in Vientiane, the British am-significant advancements con-I MAYNOOTH, Ireland -- (NC) I traveled is that of the individual,the staff membership and the bassador to Laos, John M. Ad-tributing to patient care through -- American Bishop John J. Irather than the group dis, outlined this position. This the years. He stressed the full Wright said here it is unlikely Holds Out Hope correspondent was preserrt,a c c r e d i t a t i o n, consist- that sizeable Pro-es-an- The possibility of corporate Britain, U. S. Agree iently achieved by the hospital, i .t t t groups reunion by some A n g 1 i c a n can ve Drougm mm corporate "We have acted on the follow- Mr. James C. James spoke for bodies was held out, however, ing understanding with the Rus- Mr. Harry G. Murphy, president unity with the Catholic Church by an English Jesuit. Father sians," the ambassador said. of the Lay Advisory board, who The B i s h o p of Pittsburgh "First, the cease-fire should was unable to be present Mr. opened a series of lectures on take place immediately Second- James pointed out the objectives Christian unity here. He said ly, it should be certified by the of the b o a r d, listed its mere- obstacles to the return t)f Prot- international c o m m i s s i o n. bers, and mentioned examples estant groups to communion Thirdly, the conference will not of accomplishment, which show- with the Holy See are not only take place until the cochairmen ed the scope of the group's ac- religious but also sociologicalI are satisfied that the cease-fire tic]ties, and historical. T h u s by and has been effective." History of Auxiliary large, he said, the way to be He added that, on the British Mrs. Vernon Evans, president side, there had b e e n "corn- of the auxiliary, traced the high- plete agreement at every stage lights of the auxiliary's history. with the Americans." From the modest beginning Obviously the three conditions made by a few charter mere- set forth so firmly by the Bri- bers, this organization has tish ambassador in Vientiane on grown markedly in membership April 25 have not been fulfilled and achievement. Mrs. Evans any real sense. If there was stressed the hospital benefits, compliance with the sponsored in recent years -- the second and third, it was soon Anniversary Walks--the estab- proved to be an illusion, lishment of the hospital's snack Vital Fact bar and gift shop, the Samaritan In regard to Laos, nearly Plaza, and the growth of the vol- everything, Laotian and West-unteer service, often known as ern, military and diplomatic, the Pink Ladies. seems to have yielded before Mrs. Carl Finette, past presi- the Communists. There are, dent of the school of nursing ad- doubtless, serious reasons why visory committee, spoke for it has yielded. Miss Mary Dr]scull, who now But the vital fact for the man hea~ls the group. Mrs. Finette in the southeast Asian street is explained the services render- that the yielding has happened, ed by this committee in the in- terest of nursing education. Archbishop, 83 Mrs Anthony Pawlowic rep- resented the Alumnae associa- CLEVELAND -- Archbishop tion of the school of nursing, of VATICAN DAILY 100 YEARS OLD--A young pilgrim visiting Edward F. Hoban, Bishop of which she is president. Her talk Rome looks over an anniversary copy of the Vatican news- paid tribute to the work of Sis- ter Mary Eugene, R.S.M one Francis Clark, S.J of Heythorp College, Chipping Norton, Eng- land, said that corporate return m i g h t spring from AnglicanI churches in the. newer nationsI when anti-Roman prejudices up-I erative in the Church of Eng-I land in its homeland begin to i lose their force. paper, L'Osservatore Romano, which on July 1, completed its first 100 years of continuous printing. The Vatican City daily began regular publication on July 1, 1861, although it was established as a weekly in 1849 and later discontinued. One of the first stories carried in the Vatican newspaper, often called "The Voice of the Church," was a report on the Amer- ican Civil War. (NC Photo) Cleveland, offered Mass recent- ly to celebrate his 83rd birth- day. The evening before, he en- tertained guests at a dinner. Among them was Archbishop John J. Krol of Philadelphia, formerly his auxiliary here. his listeners of the changes it the personnel of the hospital from the beginning when the Sisters operated the hospital alone to the present when many lay people assist them. He point- ed out that the lay personnel are dedicated to the care of the sick and injured, too. Each of the groups represent- ed at the Jubilee Inaugural will map its own plans for observ- ance of the St. Joseph Mercy Hospital ~ Golden Anniversary this year. O It couid happen, he said, in the face of pagan or Marxist or Moslem opposition to Christian- ity, that members of a predom- inantly Anglo-Catholic Anglican diocese would feel increasingly the desire to join in catholic unity with the Catholic Church in the same region, either by complete integration or by for- mation of a new "uniate rite." First Lecturer Father Clark said that such a development "might in t i m e have far-r e a c h i n g effects throughout the Anglican com- munion and eventually even in the Church of England " Bishop Wright led off four days of lectures on Christian unity at the Maynooth Union Summer School at St. Patrick's College here. It brought togeth- er more than 100 priests from the U.S Australia, England and Ireland T h e Pittsburgh prelate, a member of the theo- logical commission preparing for the coming Vatican Coun- cil, daid that the present'trend in ecumenical Protestantism of- fers at the same time a prob- lem and an opportunity for Catholics. Problem and Opportunity The problem, he said, is that of reconciling the dictates of a conciliatory spirit with the clear duties of fidelity to the apostolic faith The opportunity is the area of greatly increased char- lations. Face New IRed t BERLIN--(NC)-- Three years ago Pope Pins XII called Berlin the "symbol of a nation torn apart." The late Pontiff's description is still true as this city becomes the focal point of the cold war, stepped up by renewed Soviet efforts to make the division of Germany permanent. The intensified conflict raises ISLAND IN RED SEA--More than 110 miles behind the Iron Curtain, beleaguered West Berlin remains the only bastion of freedom in the Soviet-ruled satellite nations of Eastern Europe. Described by Pope Plus XII as a "point of contact between two alienated worlds," West Berlin is a self-governoring area politically a part of the Federal Republic. By signing a so- called "peace treaty" with the East German puppet regime, the Soviet Union hopes to seal off all of Berlin from Western Europe. I religious as well as political and I f'~ ~ military issues. Should the So-]~ ~'t 1 viets succeed in" swallowing up[ ~ 7.1. I the former German capital, I ~ West Berlin's flourishing Catho 1 lie community OA~of 276~ Io lsl VATICAN CITY--(NC)--Popel time. The chandeliers wh'ch had ~, u ~u ~estine.~ '~.~~,=~,~-~e I John announced that his cominglbeen in use since electricity was would seem h l encychcal on social and eco I first introduced were replaced t e persecution that has been " "t the fate of the Church in corn- nomic problems will be entitled by a system of indirect lighting. munist East Germany and else- "Mater et Magistra" (Mother where behind the Iron Curtain. and Teacher). Disheartening Event The announcement was made West Berlin will also cease to in an address the Pope deliver- be a meeting place for the Cath-i ed after celebrating Mass in St. olics of East a n d West Ger-,Peter,s basilica on the feast of many. This seems certain to n Paul e =L cg~u,' dlsbeart n the Sowet zone's 1,-[ 100,000 Catholics, who have been~ ~'ope jonn naa statea earner encouraged in t h i r struggle that the encycllcal, issued to against Communist rulers by mark the 70th anniversary of their meetings here with their f r e e coreligionists from the West Catholics from East Germany, where bishops cannot function freely, can still come to West Berlin to get guidance f r o m Church authorities who are free to speak out against Commu- nism. In March, the Bishop of Ber- lin, Julius Cardinal Doepfner, urged visiting Catholics from the Soviet z o n e to-cooperate with Protestants there in the common battle against Com- munist atheism. What Can be Lost What has the Church to lose in Berlin should the Soviets succeed? Dedicated to democracy, West Berlin has been an area of full religious freedom. The Church here is growing and making en- ergetic progress, although Cath- olics account for only 12.5 per cent of the sector's total popu- lation of 2,200,000. West Berlin has 74 parishes, including a number of new churches, and 82 other places where Mass is offered by 145 parish priests There are 18 re- ligious communities of m e n with a total membership of 117 priests and 122 Brothers. There are 1,388 Sisters in the f r e e c i t y's 78 convents. Catholic schools and organizations are flourishing. ' Charitable w o r k among the many refugees from Communist areas is at present the major activity of Church organizations here. Soviet Restrictions By contrast, the situation of the Church in East Germany is marked by sharp restrictions and outright persecution. Public religious activities of any kind are made difficult if not impos- s i b 1 e. Communist authorities make it hard for East German Catholics to go to West Ger- many to attend meetings or re- treat's or even to visit relatives Bishops from West Germany are forbidden to enter the So- viet zone. The Catholic press has been suppressed by the East German Communists who have also ban- ned Catholic organizational ac- tivity. Church building, is ob- structed. Most important, priests and Catholic laymen have been jailed for their loyalty to their religion Pope Leo XlII's encyclical on social matters, "Rerum Nova- rum," stresses the problems of underdeveloped nations a n d those of depressed agricultural conditions in industrialized coun- tries. The Pope explained in his ad- dress that publication of t h e new encyclical has been delayed to permit its translation i n t o many languages. The Pontiff quoted the fifth- century Pope SL Leo the Great, who described Rome as a city worthy of leading the w h o 1 e world through "the teaching and martrydom of SS. Peter a n d Paul " He said that the teach- ings in the Epistles of St. Peter are still applicable today even though they were prompted by the special circumstances of his own times. The forthcoming en- cylical, the Pontiff continued, takes its inspiration from prin- c i p 1 e s proclaimed in the Epistles of St. Peter, At ceremonies marking the beginning Of the observance of the feast of SS. Peter and Paul the previous evening, the n e w lighting system in the Vatican~ basilica Was used for the first BISHOP E L E C T -- Msgr. George J. Gottwald has been named Titular Bishop of Ceda- musa and Auxiliary to Joseph Cardinal Ritter, Archbishop of St. Louis. Bishop-elect Gott- wald, who now serves as ad- ministrator of the St. Louis Cathedral, was born in St. Louis, May 12, 1914, and or- dained in St. Louis Cathedral in 1940. Besides several pas- toral assignments in and around St. Louis, he was as- sistant director in the archdio- cese of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. In This Issue. During the evening service the Pope blessed the p~nia, strips of wool denoting the rank of archbishop. Cubans Fear ned rakeov r Of Children NEWARK, N. J.- (NC)--A letter from Cuba, which some- how got through the censors, ar- rived in North Jersey and ex- pressed a "new fear" F i d e 1 Castro's regime soon will adopt a law giving the state "all rights toward children." The writer who prefers to re- main anonymous said it is fear- ed the children take-oVer law will be adopted on July 26---the anniversary of the Castro revo- lution. What to Expect? The writer behind Castro's Sugar Cane Curtain said: "How I~ve come to under- stand the p(~r Hungarians. First they were full of hope, wait~g for help to be liberated. Then they were losing their h o p e s. That is what's happening today here. We are only in the hands of God. "What can we expect of men? I have had so much faith in Mr, Kennedy, but everything seems so complicated! From all we see and hear it seems that Cuba is to be left alone to act as an example for the hemispheric wJrld. There still are so-called democracies that talk about non- intervention, and to let the Cu- bans have whatever f o r m of government they want--as if to- day's leaders were Cubans, when in fact they are toys of Russia and China! New Third Power "A part of the Cubans I i v under terror. Another part has been forced to collaborate be- cause they have to make a liv- ing somehow and they 'make believe' that they stand for it. And still another has been hyp- notized, brainwashed." The writer said "this situa- tion is getting to be too serious" and that Cuba is being rapidly converted into the third power of this hemisphere." He likened the situation to "an arsenal con- stantly Jrowing, and they say that today there are one million persons in arms being trained and moved around." Red Pilots Arrive The writer said recently 300 Russians, expert pilots a n d mechanics, arrived in Cuba and that many planes are to be sent here Meanwhile 2,000 Cubans are being trained as pilots on the other side of t h e curtain, the letter said. "Many of the ones that arriv- ed are those Spanish children that were taken to Russia years b a c k and are today properly trained Communist men and women," the letter said. The writer said new seizures have been put into effect by Cas- tro and he reported the j a t 1 | continue to be crowded and the )risoners are "terribly treated."