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June 30, 1961     The Observer
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on$ on if By FATHER JOHN RYAN HAVE READ THAT THERESE NEUMANN OF KON- IRSREUTH, BAVARIA, HAS HAD NOTHING TO EAT, :TSIDE OF HOLY COMMUNION, FOR MORE THAN YEARS. IS THE ARTICLE I READ TRUE OR FALSE? ~lthough the Holy See has pronounced nothing about the e of Therese Neumann, there is every reason to be- Je that Holy Communion has been her only sustenance ce the Lent of 1926. At one time, nuns were stationed observers day and night for a two week period to dis- ;er whether Therese was secretly taking f o o d and nk. They found no evidence that she was doing so. And ~eems that, especially in view of the many visitors al- /ed to see her, it would be impossible for her to perpe- te a fake over a period of so many years without dis- ~ery. According to the laws of nature govern- ing the nourishment and growth of the human body, it is impossible for a person to go for any appreciable length of time without food and drink and continue to live. Liquid can be avoided a much less time than food. This was why the two week test was significant. To say that this is absolutely impossible, under any cir- cumstances, however, is to deny the pow- er of God. God, being the Creator of man, can easily sustain man in being without the instrumentality of material nourish- ment. * * -k MANY OF THE APOSTLES WERE MARRIED WHAT BECAME OF THEIR WIVES DURING THE EARLY MISSION CAREERS? know that St. John was not married, for he has tra- been known as the "Virgin Disciple." As for other Apostles, it is fairly certain that Philip-was for Bishop Polycrates of Ephesus wrote about that he had three daughters. And St. Matthew con- the fact that Peter was married, for the text (8:14) of Peter's mother-in-law. for the marriage or non-marriage of the other it remains a matter of conjecture. Marriage was nominal thing for every Jewish man who entered but there were ascetic groups, such as the enes, that did not marry. Some of the Apostles may been among them, or at least influenced by them. highly probable that Peter and the other married ,stles did not live in intimacy with their wives after were called by Christ. Their whole-hearted devotion preaching of His message, especially after Pente- :, probably prompted them to forego married life for cause of Jesus. If the majority of the Apostles thus need to live alone, we must presume that their es were providecl~ for and that they agreed to their living apart. St. Matt. 19:27-9, we are told that Peter addressed and said: "Behold, we have left all and followed e. What then shall we have?" Christ's answer in part "Every one who has left house, or brothers, or sisters, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for name's sake, shall receive a hundredfold and shall life everlasting." It is not unreasonable, there- to hold that all the Apostles gave up the use of if they were married. This would be done by c'on~ent of the couple for a life of chastity. CHURCH TEACHES THAT THE ANGELS ARE SPIRITS AND HAVE NO BODIES. YET THEY ',PRESENTED IN CHRISTIAN STATUARY AND AS SOME SORT OF WINGED HUMAN BE- WHY? custom of depicting angels as winged creatures can to the pages of the Old Testament. Even the of the Covenant--the movable tabernacle that con- ed things precious to Jewish religious history--was by winged figures similar to the Christian sts' representation of angels. The chief reason for representation of angels is that Christian art want- give the faithful an image symbolic of their devo- to the heavenly spirits; just as God the Father, though too, is a pure spirit, is often pictured as a kindly old L with a flowing beard. is pertinent that the term "spirit" as applied to an- today, was not always understood as such by the ]ers and the Scholastics. These men were unanimous ~aching that angels are spirits possessing an intellect a free will, but they often differed among themselves just what is the nature of a spiritual being. Several Fathers held that the. angels do have bodies, not rial but composed of some sort of ethereal substance ordinarily invisible to the human eye. orthodox doctrine--that angels 'are pure spirits hav- no bodily composition whatsoever--came into general after the Fourth Lateran Council (1215). The council all creatures in a threefold division: (1) Purely beings; (2) those composed of spirit and matter; purely material beings. It was clearly the mind council that angels belong in the first category-- of the purely spiritual. Though angels have no bodies, rhay assume human appearance with divine permis- or, also with God's will, so affect the human eye ion that a person will see them as human. IT A SIN TO DISOBEY THE ORDERS OF ONE'S 'SICIAN? is no sin of disobedience in failing to carry out doctor's orders. There may be sin, however, if the ~nt knowingly injuries his health by the action. The be serious or light depending on the extent of the Lage he foresees will be done to his health. We are to take ordinary measures to protect our health. for "YOU ASKED IT" should be sent to: John Ryan, St. Joseph rectory, Lena, Ill. It is necessary to sign your name unless you wish a per. reply. However, Father Ryan reserves the right not unsigned questions. " a man dies his heirs bend over his testament and What did he leave behind? But an angel bends over lying and asks: What did he send ahead? --The Liguorian ~~db XXVl, No. 26 June 30, 1961 'MOST REVEREND LORAS T. LANE Publishel REVEREND ARTHUR J. O'NEILL Managing Editor REVEREND WILLIAM I JOFFE .Asst Managing Editor JORIE GALLAGHER Women's Page Editor 'RT WILLEMS News Editor .AH O'MEARA Business :R'I J STARR Advertising BERTOLASI ~ Circulation The Observer, printed weekly at 413 Pleasant Street Beloit Wis- in. is the official newspape, o the Catholic Diocese of Rockford. Second class postage paid at Beloit Wisconsin. Subscriptions $4.00 per year prepaid in the Unltea States ALL COMMUNICATIONS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE !RVER. 1260 NORTH CHURCH STREE1 ROCKFORD ILLINOIS. rMAITER: Please send form 3579 to tee OBSERVER, 1210 Nertb Cu~urck St,eet, Rockford, Mlinoil. The Fourth of July, for many of us, is merely a national holiday, happily occur:rig in the mid- fi!e of summer and offering an occasion for trips, picnics and legalized surcease from the everyday l bors of the shop or office. It is quite possible that in pursuing our own recreation, we may overlook the meaning of this historic day, July 4, 1776, which is the reason for the holiday. This day has a significance which has not changed; the ideals brought forth on that day always n e c d polishing up because they are so exposed to the tarnish of neglect. The Continental Congress assembled in Phila- delphia penned in 1776 a powerful, forthright :locumcnt statin~ belief in definite and unchang- ing principles. The basic principle was the right of self-determination of a people to choose their [orm of government: this right is based on certain inalienable (basic and not to be t a k e n away) rights given to man by his Creator. This pbb!osophy that legitimate authority is ~lelegated by the people because of their God- " given right was not new in Christian thinking. It had been enunciated by St. Robert Bellarmine in his writings against the theory of the divine right of kings as promulgated in sixteenth century England by King James. In 1776 there was a need for re-emphasis of this right of choice; there is r :cd for re-emphasis today. In declaring the causes which impelled them to separate from . England anc to form their own government, the members of Continental Con- gress declared: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pur- suit of happiness; that to secure t h e s e rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the gov- erned." -':9' ~':: ~ TOO LATE TO LEARN REAPINGS AT RANDOM i ",i By GERARD E. SHERRY There can be little doubt that we live in an age of public relations. We are being told how to win friends, how to influence people, how to get ahead in business and how such things as positive thinking will help make us successful. Likewise, we are told how to share a party line, how to get along with our neighbors, our in-laws, or spouse, and, especially, with our children. Afraid to Take Stand Now, all these are good things. But I think that, as it is with most good things, we tend to overdo it. In our desire to get along with other peo- ple, I wonder if we sometimes find our- selves unwilling to tell them how we feel about things for fear our ideas might of- fend them? We are becoming afraid to take a stand. We don't go to our friends with our prob- lems. "Don't tell anyone your troubles," some- one once said. "Fifty per cent of the peo- ple aren't interested--and the other 50 per cent are glad to hear you're finally getting what you de- serve." No Communication A little too cynical, perhaps, but there's a grain of truth in this philosophy. We really feel no compunction to communicate. We feel we have done our share. We are tired because we have been working for so long. Whatever victories we have had are too small to be count- ed and even our d~feats are picayune.: We have ao Nor- In the 185 years which have passed since the Declaration of Independence this country h a s grown to the stature of a leading world power. The greater part of the world does not accept the idea of the existence of human rights in practice though the term is given high-sounding lip serv- ice. But there is a mysterious passion to make ~verything seem to correspond to these ideals which is in a sense a vote of approval for their worth. At home no one would ever deny the truths ~xpressed in the Declaration of Independence. Yet we have the scandalous spectacle of: racial discrimination in a land which owes its concep- tion to the principle that all men a r e created aqua]. As to the people of our nation--the governed-- Lhere are signs that we are prone to relinquish the principle that we are the government. There is a forgetfulness that every right has a corre- sponding duty. There is a tendency to look upon government as a provider rather than a protector Df rights. In legislation we have had the development of an idea that the government like some sort of pre-existing being creates and bestows rights on the governed, whereas the Declaration of Inde- pendence openly declared in unmistakable lan- guage that the function of government is to pro- tect those inalienable rights which already exist by the fact of the creation of the human race. In the courts there has appeared another rule foreign to the thoughts of the signers of the Dec- laration. This is the policy of pragmatism w h i c h pursues the plan that whatever works for t h e temporary solution of a problem is thereby right and just. The most glaring example of this inter- pretation of law is the growing menace of easy di- vorce in so many law courts. Also in the judiciary department of our government there has appear- ed of late a growing tendency to steer clear of any reference to Divine Providence and the God- given rights of man. This is the new form of gov- ernment by lawsuit, which in the name of free- dom of conscience, has opened the book for non- believers in God to write into 1 e g a 1 precedent their conviction that God and moral law have no relevance to government. Obviously this contra- dicts the sound thoughts of the signers of t h e Declaration of Independence. The Fourth of July is an appropriate time to question ourselves on the ideas of government which "we hold. Too often those ideas as shown by our attitudes, by the 1 a w s enacted, and the court decisions, speak a language quite foreign to the concluding thoughts of the signers of the Dec- lar tion: "WI,THEREFORE, the Representatives of the United States of America . . . appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the name and by author- ity of the good people of these Colomes, solemn- ly publish and declare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States . . . And Ior the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance oil the protection of Divine Provi- dence, we mutually pledge to e a c h other o u r lives, our fortunes, and our sacced honor." In pursuance of our n e e d for reliance on Divine Providence as indicated by the signers of the Declaration of Independence, we heartily endorse a current campaign of prayer promoted by the National Pray for P e a c e Committee, with headquarters at Manitowoc, Wis. This campaign c o n s i s t s in circularizing a prayer leaflet with the Prayer for C i v i 1 Au- thorities composed in 1800 by Archbishop John Carroll. Copies of the prayer leaflet may be obtained in quantities from the Pray for Peace Commit- tee, 708 South 27th St Manitowoc, Wis. The committee is urging parish societies and other Catholic organizations to procure and distri- bute these leaflets as their contribution to the national consciousness of our dependence on Divine Providence for the continuation of good government. SPOTLIGHT ON =H, i SOCIAL REFORM I i~, i i ,1111 When the Supreme Court Jus- tices by a 5 to 4 decision re- strained in some measure the activities of the Communists in this country, the New York Times wrote an editorial belit- tling the attitude of the major- ity of the court. The editorial writer referred to the "virtually non-existent internal Commu- nist threat." This is John Birch- ism in reverse. It is one thing to contend that the internal threat from Commu- nism has been exaggerated by some people. It is quite some- thing e 1 s e to blandly assert that the prob- lem is virtually no:,-existent. The Commu- nist party in America is a vi- c i o u s, subtle, subversive, con- spiratorial organization. At a minimum it still numbers 10,000 active members. In thought, principle, policy, goals, objec- tives and tactics it is one with every Communist party in the world. The fountainhead of its aims, strategy and inspiration is the Kremlin in Soviet Russia. Nt, Question Weak or strong in this coun- try or that, it is a branch of an international entity which aims to control, by any and every means, every existing non-Com- munist nation. It is bent on de- stroying every traditional con- cept upon which free nations have been built. There may be room for dis- cussion and debate on what is the best and most practical means of counteracting this evil influence. ~here can no longer be any question of what the Thing is. It is the duty of our courts, particularly our Supreme Court, to safegu~arci the rights of indi- vidual citizens and the associa- tions which they form in accord with the Constitution of the Unit- ed States. It is a greater duty, you might say. the supreme duty, FATHER WILLIAM SMITH, S.J. to protect the nation itself against threats to its welfare from either within or without. Reason for Existence To equate the machinations of the Communists and the Com- munist party with the normal activities oi American citizens in genuine American organiza- tions is an insult to the intelli- gence of the normal man. The basis for the existence of the Communist party is to pro- mote the interests and the wel- fare of the Soviet Union; to de- stroy by every possible means the effectiveness of the United States in its dealing with the So- viet Union. The party has no other reason for its existence. The dedicated Communist who subscribes to its principles and it policies, and perseveres in membership in that party, is part and parcel of the Commu- nist conspiracy. There may be some deluded individuals who are not fully aware of the com- prehensive nature of the party. They should have the right and opportunity to learn the true na- ture of the beast. By the same token, the public press has an obligation constantly to inform the public as to what is involved by membership in this Commu- nist party. Purpose of Laws But the laws of the country cannot be formulated to suit the pattern of the lives of some small percentage of deluded in- dividuals. Laws that are enact- ed to counteract the evil influ- ence of Communism are aimed at the contumacious and con- temptuous leaders of the party who proclaim their defiance of any effort, public or private, to constrain them. The laws are meant to destroy the effective- ness of the party as an instru- ment of the Soviet Union; to prevent it from being used as a~ weapon a~ainst the United States of America. How a Supreme Court Justice of the United States can naively assume that the Communist par- ty is simply "another political party" is beyond belief. Why, in this day and age, anyone should still cling to the idea that no steps should be taken against Communists unless and until their activities clearly indicate intent to overthrow the govern- ment by violent means, is also an attitude that is difficult to comprehend. States Difference Jutice grankturter clearly rec- ognized and stated the differ- ence betwee~ a Communist or- ganization and a normal Ameri- can group with legal aims. "When existing government," he said, "is menaced by a world-wide integrated move- ment which employs every com- bination of possible means, peaceful and violent, domestic and foreign, overt and clandes- tine, to destroy the government itself, the legislative judgement as to how that threat may best be met with the safeguarding of personal freedom is not to be set aside, etc." (Yet the frame of reference for the Smith Act which would restrain Commu- nist subversion, still confines its language to a violent overthrow- ing of government.) When the editorial writer of the New York Times, expressing sympathy for a contrary opin- ion, with seeming clairvoyant knowledge, asserts "the internal Communist threat is virtually non-existent," might we not ask: "Just hov~ would the learned gentlemen know that?" Danger Exists The danger from within may not be as acute today as it was when the Communists controlled eleven International labor un- ions and had made sufficient headway within government cir- cles to cause Congress to take, action on the situation. The dan- ger from within mab; not be as acute as the danger from direct action by the Soviet Union itself, but it is certainly not a problem that can be merely laughed off as virtually non-existent: When and if J. Edgar Hoover, for in- stance, makes a similar state- ment, then, I think, it may be time for us to look upon the Communist party in America as a fly buzzing around our heads. mandy landings to electrify us; nor do we have any Pearl Harbors to shock us out of our lethargy. Great Issues Left The annihilation of space; the abolition of time; the~re- lentless advance of the machine at the expense of man; symbolized so graphically by the H-Bomb; the stifling massing of men in the ever sprawling cities and the manip- ulation of men by the propaganadists and the persuad- ers: all of these hammer away at us until we just throw up our hands and quit. But there are great issues left. They may not be as ap- parent as they were 20 or 30 years ago, but they are still there. The fight to raise economic standards in our nation and in our world, the fight against injustice of all kinds, un- fair discrimination--all these battles are now being waged and will continue to be waged for years to come. Deeper Function We should be interested. Indeed, we need to be inter- ested. But are we really aware? Here is where I think our newspapers come in. There are a great many things wrong with newspapers--we could never deny that. All the general indictments which have been made of a society can rightly be made of its newspapers. Newspapers are a reflection of the society in which they are published. This is their function. But they have a deeper function, too, and here I think they have let us down a little. Cater to Dollar Whereas at one time our newspapers walked hand-in- hand with justice and the defense of our liberties, today too many cater only to the dollar sign. If this seems a harsh criticism, let us look at the record. Newspapers are selling to their readers, not on content or quality of writing, or sincerity of purpose, bat Frlmarilx on the use of gimmicks: Their readers are offered the chance of getting easy money or the tranquilizing dope of hack writers who peddle advice to the lovelorn, gossip about gossipers, inside tips on imaginary happenings from Pe- king to Timbuktu, and solutions to every problem from nuclear warfare to perforated ulcers. Make Improvement It all seems so simple. But it isn't-- and it shouldn't be made to seem that way. We have real problems and they cry for real solutions. They can't be wished a w a y qr dreamed away by "positive" thinking. They need to Be worked out, And we need to know thaL to be told that by our newspapers. The fact is that mucl- of the things wrong with our secu- lar newspapers are wrong with our Catholic papers, too. However, the Catholic Press has improved and is con- tinuing to improve all the time. We aren't great and we aren't always doing the best job that we should be do- ing-but we're beginning to realize that and work toward remedying it and this, I think, is a good sign. We are pleased by this. We know you have only so much time. We ~(ant to flay what we have to say as rapidly as possible. We don't want to bore you, to bog you down in unnecessary details about what color vestments the bish- ops wore at the groundbreaking, or the like. We're trying to streamline our product, to make it easier for you. Want to Inform Likewise, we are putting emphasis in our news columns on the things we think you need to know. You may not like them. We sometimes don't like to tell you. But we think you need to know them. We want you to know that all isn't peaches and cream---- that there are a great many injustices to be corrected, some right under our very noses which we choose to ig- ~OZ'e.