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June 30, 1946     The Observer
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June 30, 1946
 

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In ] Se,lioie JUNE 30. 1946 (Oh00rrurr Edition of OUR 00IISDAY VI$110R News Sellem OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE " VOL. XXXV, NO 9 AMG Religious Policy Draws00Crltlclsm 'Religion Is Bunk' Was View Of Some U.S. Military Leaders, Bishop Tells Veterans' Meeting Catholic War Veterans Hear Military Delegate Charge Chaplains Were Blocked In Their Duties; Convention Gets Messages From Pope, President BY THOMAS J. CULHANE Newark, N.J., June 24.--An attitude summed up in the expression "religion is the bunk" was conveyed by some U.S. military officials to Catholic chaplains who served in World War II, Bishop William T. McCarty, C.SS.R., Military Dele- gate, declared in an address here before the Catholic War Veterans' national convention, which brought more than 5,000 delegates to Newark. Bishop McCarty reminded-that more than 5,000 Catholic priests were on duty as chaplains during the war--3,300 of them on regular duties and 2,000 as auxiliary chap- lains. The Bishop said he gather- ed opinions of these priests and the concensus is that they were glad to be released from service. "There were many obstacles placed in their paths," Bishop Mc- Carty said, "pre;enting them from bringing men to God." The veterans' gathering here at- tracted delegates from more than 1,000 posts of the Catholic War Veterans throughout the country. Included among them were the chaplains of posts in 40 States. Messages from His Holiness Pope Plus XlI and from President Harry S. Truman were read to the assembled delegates. The Holy l'ather's message, conveyed through the Most Rev. Msgr. Gio- vanni B. Montini, Papal Undel Sec- retary of State, asserted: "The Italy Father gratefully acknow- ledging the fil'ial message of devo- tion and spiritual loyalty, and as- surance of prayers for his nten- tion for a just and lasting peace, in:parts to Bishop McCarty, the officers and delegates of the Cath- olic War Veterans of the United States assembled in n: ional con-! vention, the implored Apostolic Blessing." President Truman said: "These are days when organizations such as the Catholic War Veterans are becoming increasingly important in the affairs of our nation by helping direct the thoughts of all' our citi- .ens to the vast problems of re- conversion confronting us. "I join with you in prayer for Continued on page 4. News See. War Relief Shipments To Germany And Poland Now En Route New York, June 25--(NC)IThe Seventh shipment of relief supplies to be sent to Germany by War Relief Services-National Catholic Welfare Conference and the tenth shipment to be sent into Poland by that organization are now nearing those countries, it has been an- nounced here. The supplies for Germany, con- sisting of half a million pounds of flour and 50,000 pounds of clothing, blankets and shoes, will be sent after their arrival in Bre- men to nine wa'ehouses of Caritas- Verband in different parts of Ger- many. This organization, a federa- tion of all Catholic welfare agen- cies in Germany, will then distri- bute the goods, without discrim- ination, to needy German civilians. The Polish shipment, together ith another shipment now in the rocessing and loading stage, will ring to a total of 2,315,000 pounds the amount of canned goods sent to Poland by War Relief Services- N.C.W.C. from the recent "Food for the Children" eamnain. Plot [or AnotSer %l! I-x|ermnin|:ion By The Observer Alongside the widely publicized political co.test between the great Imwers, there is another battle no less grim in progress. This is the battle for the lives and souls of over one million displaced men, : we.men and children of Europe. Be- cause of conditions in their coun- tries now dominated by Soviet Rus- sia. these people do not dare to go back home. The Soviet Union and her satellites are stubbornly de- manding that they be returned even hy force. This is firmly opposed by the British and American govern- ments, who know what is behind these Ru,ssian claims: the a,ttempt to seize and exterminate these last remaining free representatives of that part of Europe which the So- viets consider as their own. According to general etimates, of the 20,000,000 displaced people found in Europe after the cessatie of hostilities, about 1,190,000 are still left homeless. Approximately 900,000 are in Displaced Persons Camps in the American and British zones of Germany and Austria, 50,000 in the French zone, the re- mainder in Italy, the Middle East, India and elsewhere. Half of them are reported to be Poles, the others Yugoslaw, Lithuanians. Estonians, Latvians, Ukrainians. Jews, etc. The tragedy of ,these unfc.rtunate victims of international bargains that have left Europe divided in two, is appaling. During the five years of struggle and suffering under the Nazi rule they waited and hoped for the day of Allied victory and liberation. Bwt when V-Day came there was no victory nor liberation for them. It was only then they discovered that while they were in Nazi prisom e,r labor camps, their homelands were sold away to Russia by the Allies, and their own future lives were a part of the bargain. These people's fear of communist terror must have been great indeed, if in spite of persuasion by Allied officials and constant propaganda sent to them by the respeive puppet regimes, over one million chose the uncer- tain and homeless life of refugees, rather than return to their com- munist controlled towns and vil- lages. Continued on page 4, News See. WMRO To Carry Sacred Heart Hour Radio station W M R O, Aurora, II1., each Thursday and Sunday morning at 8:30 a.m. will provide the world.wide Sacred Heart pr gram for listeners. Papal Delegate To Fly To Rome For Canonization Made Appeal To Plus Xl For Dispensation From Rules To Wait 50 Years Washington, June 24 --(NC)-- His Excellency Archbishop Amleto (;iovanni Cicognani, Apostolic Del- egate to the United States, is go-! ing to Rome to take part in the: ceremonies in St. Peter's Basilica on July 7, marking the solemn: canonization of Blessed Motimr Frances Xavier Cabrini, the frst American citizen to be raised to sainthood. Archbishop Cicognani, who has had a deep interest in the canoni- zation of Mother Cabrini. as well as in all the causes of all the Am- ericans whose elevation to the honors of the altar is being ad. vanced, will be accompanied by Msgr. Donald M. Carroll, a priest of the Archdiocese of Chicago, where Mother Cabrini died in 1917. Monsignor Carroll is a Secretary of the Apostolic Delegation here. The Apostolic Delegate is leav- ing by airplane on July 3. Chicago, June 24--Blessed Moth- er Frances Xavier Cabrini is be-] ing canonized less than 30 years[ after her death, l This is being recalled here, as! pilgrims from this city, New York, ! Denver and Louisiana prepare to fly to the Eternal City to witness the formal elevation to sainthood of the first American citizen en- rolled in the Calendar of Saints. Canon 2101 of the Code of Can- on Law stipulates that the Apos- tolic Processes for beatification should not be begun in less than 50 years after the death of the )erson whose sanctification is sought. Mother Cabrini was be- atified on November 1, 1938, and is being canonized 28 years and seven months after her death on December 22, 1917. This is an extraordinary honor but, of course not unique. Saint Teresa of {.he Child Jesus (The Little Flower) was canonized May 17, 1925, less than 27 years after her death in September 1897. In fact, the little Flower's canonization came just 52 years after her birth, in 1873. Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani. present Apostolic Dele- gate to the United States, had been in Washington less than two years, but had already gained deep ap- preciation of American interest in the cause for the beatification of :.:dntinued on pae 4 biews See. Bishop Roy Named Military Ordinary For Canadian Forces Ottawa, June 24--(NC)--Bishop M. L. Roy, recently consecrated spiritual head of the Diocese of Three Rivers, has been named Military Ordinary for the Cana- dian Armed forces. He succeeds Bishop C. L. Nelligan, retired Bish- op of Pembroke. At the same time was announced the appointment of the Rev. C. E. Beaudry of the Montreal Diocese as Principal Catholic Chaplain for the Canadian Army. Bishop Roy served with distinc- tion overseas throughout World War II, and was honored by King George VI with the decoration O. B. E. Officer of the Order of the British Empire. He retired from the chaplain service recently with the military rank of colonel. His appointment as Military Bishop is an ecclesiastical appointment, and he will continue as Bishop of Three Rivers. The Story Of A Marriage Without Names Or Date This is o story---not o news story with names, dates o6d places. It is the story of u marriage--the marriage of a non-Catholic and o Catholic. Before Japan attacked the United States, o young man of no particular religious belief called to see a priest. He began to take instructions about the Catholic faith. After a time, he stopped taking instructions but continued going to Moss. Then came the war. He be- come a member of the U. S. Navy and went to the Catholic services. When the war ended, he returned to his home and met a non-Cath- olic girl in whom he became deep- ly interested. Evidently in the course of their conversations, he told her of his interest in the Church. When they began to make plans for their marriage, she told him she wanted to be married t)y a Catholic priest. He resumed in- structions and was received into the Church. The wedding day arrived. As the bride, a non-Catholic, hod re- quested, the young couple were married by a Catholic priest. EDITOR'S NOTE: Perhaps the beauty and the depth of this story is apparent to the reader and needs no further 'word. Many outside the Church ore already Catholic in feeling. They have respect and reverence for the sacraments. Our prayer must be that Almighty God will soon give them the gift of faith. Belgium Is Fast Recovering From Hardships Of War Washington, June 24. I(NC)-- Hard-hit Belgium is making per- haps a quicker recovery than any of the other war-torn countries of Europe, according to Dr. Joseph Henry Meisin, president of that nation's Caritas Catholica, who is touring the United States with a group of 15 other Belgians in the interests of science. Caritas Cath- olica is tie national Catholic char- liable organization of Belgium and is aiding now in the distribution of relief supplies from abroad. Dr. Meisin. who is also a pro- fessor at the University of Lea- vain and director of the Catholic Institute there, said that at pres- ent there is a sufficiency of bread and fats in Belgium but that meat and butter are scarce. He esti- mated that the country is now 50 er cent back to pre-war food standards and emphasized that Belgium before the war was well supplied with food. One of the main drawbacks is getting the rebuilding program started, Dr. Meisin said, is a short- age of coal. He said that during last winter coal was rationed on a basis of 50 kilos (approximately I00 pounds) per family per month. Belgium will be eternally grate- ful, Dr. Meisin said, to War Re- lief Services--National Catholic Welfare Conference, which has greatly aided the nation in i:s struggle toward recovery. Dr. Meisin is touring the United States in a study of the fight against cancer. During his stay in the nation's capital he visited the headquarters of the National Catholic Welfare Conference. He said that before he left Belgium he was asked by His Eminence Joseph Ernest Cardinal Van Roey, Archbishop of Malines, to visit N.C.W.C. officials and to express to them the gratitude of the Bel- gians to the Catholics of the United Stataa. I Ev,dences Blend Of Suspicion And Confidence Recognizes Churches" Were Anti-Nazi But Still Refuses Them Freedom BY MAX JORDAN (N.C.W.C. News Service) Berlin, June 2.1--Supplies of re- ligious literature from ahroad are urgently needed in the American zone of Germany but postal fa- cilities are not available, it is ad- mitted in a report of the American Military Government in Germany, which presents a strange blend of suspicion and confidence in review- ing U. S. occupation policy toward the Christian churches in the Reich. The report frankly admits tlmt "nazism and Christianity were theoretically incompatible," that tile churches suffered severe perse- cution; that religious bodies were "the only anti-nazi elements able to continue their activities publicly during the war," and timt they are "entitled to consideration . . . as passible contributors to the build- mg of a future democratic Ger- many." But on the other hand the report says "the church in all German- occupied countries of eastern Eur- ope had provided an excellent cloak for anti-German resistance activi- ties" as to ustify the insertion of rovisions into Military Govern- ment rea'ulations "to prevent inso- far as possible, the emergence of such subversive activity, aimed at the Allies, in Germany itself." No explanation is offered why, despite the past record of the churches, so strange an approach to the religious situation in Ger- many shouht have been formulated as a military government policy. Perhaps, the recent critical pro- nouncements of both Catholic Bish- ops and Protestant leaders in Ger- many with regard to Allied occu- pation policy can best be explained by suci discrepancies, which can be partly attributed to a. funda- mental lack of psychological under- standing and partly to seemingly insuperable obstacles in the way of Allied unity. The admission that religious lit- erature from abroad is needed and that the lack of postal facilities revents "the importation of foreign liberal attitudes, access to which on the part of German churchmen might have a beneficial effect" is taken to imply severe criticism of the policy laid down in Washington. Under this policy, the German borders are still tightly sealed against the importation of all foreign publications, no matter how useful they might be in restoring religious and democratic influences, Continued on page 4. News See. Charging 'PM' Follows Red Party Line, Five Staff Members Resign Washington, June 24 --(NC) Five members of the Washingto bureau staff of PM. New York daily, resigned after issuing a statement that they could not "in good conscience continue to work" for Ralph Ingersoll, PM editor, who, they said, "although not a communist himself" continuously "has yielded" to communist pres- sure and has denounced as fact- ionalists those staff members who have tried to keep the party line out of the paper." The five resigned after an ar- bitration board had upheld the dis- missals of three other members of the bureau by the PM mml- agement. The controversy over the dismissals of the three center- ed around an order for their trans- fers from thin eitv to New York.