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June 23, 1961     The Observer
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June 23, 1961

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THE OBSERVER ' PAGE 5 FRIDAY, JUNE 23, 1961 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND crl rou By Norma Krause Herzfeld A COY DIALOGUE has been going on now for five months between the President and the sovereign people about sacrifice. President Kennedy says the people need to make sacri- fices to strengthen America and the free world. Then the people say, "Oh, yes, we are eager to sacrifice, but please tell us how." Then the President elaborates a little on his theme and mentions areas in which sacrifices must be made: paying more for postage stamps; pay- ing extra taxes on gas, telephone calls and tra- vel; entertaining foreign students and visitors in our homes; supporting foreign aid and de- fense programs; ending racial injustice; keep- ing wages and prices from getting out of line one way or the other; taking care of sick people over 65 by paying more social security taxes. Then the people say again, "But you're not telling us what sacrifices you really want. What do you want us to do?" NEVERTHELESS, SOME SACRIFICES are being made. To get Congress to pass the minimum wage bill the administration "sacrificed 140,000 laundry workers and 15,000 to 25,000 workers in cotton and related industries. These Americans will have to do the best they can on Iess than $40 a week. When hearings were held, great cries for sacrifices arose on Capitol Hill. They came from spokesmen for the merchant marine, hospitals, the fisheries industry, oil jobbers, the National Association of Man- ufacturers and others who declared that it was vital to 'them that their employees sacrifice the $1 an hour minimum wage. Sacrifice has now come, tea, to the union members and con- tractors who build U. S. missile bases They have just agreed to abide by decisions of a new commission to resolve their dis- putes. What has been called "a goldrush spirit" for the past four years resulted in 327 strikes, 162,872 man days of work lost, and some salaries for skilled workers hitting more than $700 a week. ALSO CONTRIBUTING TO THE NEW sacrificial spirit were reports of pipefitters at Vandenberg Air Force Base who sat around at $4.13 an hour doing no work for the length of time it would have taken them to assemble Titan missile manifolds had the apparatus not already been assembled at the factory. Then there were the electrical workers at Cape Canaveral who forced Atlas missile manufacturers to disconnect 1,000 wires that had been connected at the factory so they could reconnect them. Most alarmed by this tendency of the administration to ask for sacrifices are the businessmen and all those who benefit from their lush, tax-deductible expense-account-spending. At present there are no limits on expense-account deductions and the government is asking that these tax. loopholes be plugged up. Many have long suspected that the government indirectly sub- sidized in this manner bizarrely expensive restaurants and ho- tels, ringside seats and World Series boxes, and the outlandish prices of Broadway productions. The anguished cries that have arisen in these quarters offer ample proof that this is indeed the case. Businessmen are fighting back effectively and un- ashamedly to see that the government continues to sacrifice the tax revenue involved. ACTUALLY, AMERICANS HAVE BEEN ASKED to sacri- fice on many levels, not just in their roles as wage earners or taxpayers. The President has urged them to maintain the high- est standards of excellence in their personal lives and in their communities. This would mean getting rid of slums, segre- gation and discrimination, corrupt governments, overcrowded schools, congestion, water and air pollution, etc. Here his pleas border on the Utopian, but they bail down to a request for direct personal commitment and intcrest on the part of the individual in every American community. The majorily of Americans have probably lost touch with their local situation and they do not know how to cope with it. To spark an informed renewal on this level Kennedy will have to explain the process more fully and inspire organized local el-i forts. This is a deeply political task, but a non-partisan one. AMERICANS HAVE BEEN URGED TO USE their profes- sion or vocation for the common good: students to stay in high school and finish their education; farmers to accept stric- ter crop controls to end chaotic surpluses; broadcasters to re- placc the "vast wasteland" of radio and television with bet- ter fare; social workers to give up their long-winded memos, inertia and lack of imagination, get out from behind their desks and "help the country." Internationally, the Peace Corps is the new symbol of Ameri- can willingness to sacrifice personally. In its first fine careless rapture it set itself a goal of 20,000 candidates for 1961, but SHARING OUR TREASURE u,ry Rev. John A. O'Brien, Ph.D (University of Notre Dame) One of the m o s t important and significant dcvelopments in the convert movement is the in- crease in the number of parish Inquiry Forums. People, only mildly interested in the Faith, uncertain about embracing it, will go to a public lecture at an I n q u i r y Forum when they wouldn't go to a rectory and ask for private instruction. Surveys show that it is the parishes with three or four Inquiry Forums a year, that are winning the larg- Drum n thing missing: a spiritual hun- ger unsatisfied. Church Looms Large "In my history courses at the university I had frequently en- countered the Catholic church which bulked so large through the ages. There she stood, tow- ering up above dynasties and thrones for 15 centuries before Protestantism was born. So I called at St. Cyprian's rectory and had a talk with a Josephitei priest. He gave me wise spirit- ual counsel and advice, and in- vited me to return. est number of converts. "I learned, however, that a The fruitfulness of the Inquiry public Inquiry Forum was just Forum is illus- s t a r t i n g at St. Augustine's.! trated in t h e Rather than take up ,many, conversion of hours of a priest's time in ex- Jerry Mason of plaining the religion to me pri- Mnhilt~ A I ~- vately, when I wasn't sure I'd bama "I was join, I thou~,ht ]t more prach- r e a r e d as col to attend the public lecturesi a . "1 Southern B a p- at the Inquiry Forum. They i s t " rel-'--' were given by the pastor, Mon- -'lorr" ,~. at:~ signor George Gingras, a n d only~' a~tended they held my interest from thei church' services very start. regularly b u t I Church's Charter also taught Sunday school. La-I "He explained the divine art- ier I went to Howard university]gin of the Catholic Church and in Washington, D. C where I/quoted the ,memorable words j o i n e d the Congregational~of her Founder Jesus Christ: church. But there was some-I'All power in heaven and on .0.0, 0u0, 0, ,:30 IIn i i A Fast-M0vlM And i By Msgr. James I. Tueek organization, oil, there was some indication I:asclnaling New flame. I VATICAN CITY --(NC)-- By The members and consultors in the history of the first Vail- [the end of its first w ee k of of the commission, meeting un- can Council (1869-70). For the der the presidency of His Hall. VIDEO VILLAGE |meetings the Central Prepara-ness Pope John XXIII, had first Vatican Council, Pope |tory commission for the co.m-examined the following ques-Plus IX instituted five council ~/~-~ ~:hannel |3 |ing ecumenical council had ad-Lions, commissions: for discipline, for |vanced a tong way in deter.rain- --Who will be invited to at- religious orders, for Oriental Hng the council's structure and tend the council? Rites, for the ,missions, and for --The nature and the number p o 1 i t i c a 1 and ecclesiastical I OUR 5TH ANNIVERSARY of commissions in the council questions. I Come in and help us celebrate itself. A greater number of commis- ,our 5th year. Large Selection of Spring --:The method of voting and signs can be expected for the t & Summer Dresses-- Coats-- Playsuits the majority required during coming council, especially in Sunsuits. council assemblies, view of such relatively new I Balloons tar the Kiddies . Matter of Invitations . matters as the lay apostolate ; Register tar Free Gift Certificate Only the barest and most and communications media. i NU NU HOP general information was re-Thecouncilcommissionswill leased concerning the central have a fimction of their own, commission's meetings, but the different from that of the pre- | INFANTS TO PRE-TEEN$ history of the first Vatican paratory commissions. The let- ,CHUBBIE$ ~ HUSKIES Council, existing legislation, ter are preparing studies on I Rockford Plaza EX. 9-1714 and general background infor- various questions w h i c h the L Open Even;ngs Till 9 marion can give some light on Pope is to submit for discussion :the~nature of the discussions, during the council. The coun- On the matter of who will be cil commissions on the other invited to attend the council, hand will be formed exclusive- for example, there is already ly of the Fathers of the Council clear provision made in the code of canon law (Canon 223). These are all cardinals, pa- triarchs, primates, archbishops and residential bishops, abbots, independent prelates, abbots primate and generals of reli- gious orders. ' ru e / The Flexelf* Shirt Robert Bruce puts the accent on comfort in o boys' shirt ' that's every bit as practical as it is good-looking! Tailored in a smooth, cotton Birdseye mesh, it features the exclusive Robert Bruce rib insert that g-i-v-e-s with every movement of the body for day-long comfort. 7 handsome colors with con- trnsting unicorn emblem. Sizes 6 to 20 $2,9g Student S-M---$3.98 Pat. Pending The final sentence of this canon providing for the possi- ble invitation of theologians and experts in canon law would certainly have been an object of discussion during the meet- ings of the central commission, namely, what specific theolo- glans and cannonists would be invited. only about 9,000 applications have been received, and of the 6,400 invited to take the "entrance" tests recently, scarcely half showed up. IN THE INTERNATIONAL STRUGGLE the role of the voter is paramount. Congress seems ready to sacrifice the national interest in cmil defense preparations, in overseas information programs, and in foreign aid programs, all of which the Presi- dent has labeled vital. Letters from the voters urging support of these programs upon reluctant legislators are nowhere in evi- dence, and they may be the only pressure that can turn the tide. Should Kennedy be a little more blunt and come right out and ask the public to use those bargain postage stamps to write to their congressmen? Should he be more forceful and forth- right about the necessity for increased unity in the free world if it is to survive? SOMEHOW THE "SACRIFICE" message isn't getting through. Either the President is not spelling out the message clearly enough, or the public is letting it go in one ear and out the other. (Copyright, 1961 The Catholic Reporter) S verdict upon our minds. Along with 11 others I was received into the Church. Great indeed was my joy when our Eucharis- earth has been given to me. Go, therefore, and make dis- ciples of all nations . . . teach- ing them to observe all that I have commanded you; and be- hold I am with you all days, even unto the consummation of the w o r I d' (Mat. 28:19-20). These words of the Great Com- mission constitute the Church's charter. "I soon realized that the! Catholic church w a s unique among all Christian churches. The latter were founded by men; She was founded by the Son of God. She alone was au- thorized to teach all nations in the name of Christ. She alone tic Lord came to me in Holy Communion. I wanted to give my whole life to Christ and to the Church, His Mystical Body. "In Our Sunday Visitor I saw an ad in which the Holy Cross Brothers appealed for religious teachers. I joined this com- munity and now, as Brother Gerard~ I'm teaching at St. Joseph h i g h school in South Bend, where I'm chairman of the English department. My special joy is the Mission club, of which I'm the moderator. &D~ERTISEME. NT . One hundred years of Know-how . . . at your service. Are you planning an ad pro- gram booklet, a membership di, rectory for your organization, an anniversary souvenir book- let, an annual report, a finan- cial report, a house organ, a cookbook, a new publication? We offer editing service, ar- tists service, ideas and exper- ience. Why not check your Let- terheads, Envelopes, S t a t e - ments and Invoice supply? We'll gladly quote you; what- ever your printing require- ments, let us serve you; letter. press and offset equipped; Call Berg.Sundberg Printers & Lithographers, 1819--9th St Roeklord, Illinois, WO 54528 resentatives would designate a 255-year-old ,mission church a "national historic site." The resolution would give this title to St. Francis Xavier church, founded in 1706 by Jes- uit missionaries near Warwick, Md. During colonial days the church was a base of operations for much of the Catholic mis- sionary activity in the Middle Atlantic region. Today it is pre- served as a historic shrine and museum, The resolution (H.J. Res. 452) was sponsored by Rep. Thomas F. Johnson of Maryland. It was referred (June 15) to the House Interior Committee. erals of religious orders and 23 consultors. The meeting was opened by the Pope with a Latin discourse in which he underlined the great encouragement he felt at the way news of the coming council had been received by both Catholics and non-Catho- lics. He expressed his hopes for what the council will accom- plish and repeated a plea for prayers for the councirs suc- cess. Boys' Shop--Lower Level You can bank on the Illinois National in more ways than one! As near as your nearest mailbox! 119-121 N Main St. ROCKORD More Commissions As to the nature and number and will have the special task of reviewing the drafts of de- crees during the council. Earphones Requested The fact that the matter of language was discussed by the central commission seemed to indicate that it was not yet a closed question that L a t i n would be used exclusively dur- ing the council. It was under- stood that some requests had already been made for the use of multi-lingual earphones such as are used commonly in inter- national assemblies. The C e n t r a 1 Preparatory commission had opened its first meeting on June 12 with 32 car- dinals, two patriarchs, 12 arch- of the commissions in the coun-,bishops and bishops, four gen- [tRocKroRo Pink Pony e Presents Our Chefs Are Experts in the Art o] Preparing The Finest and Most Choice Menus to Please Our Patrons NOON DAY LUNCHES Our Special Businessmen' s Luncheon Every Da~ lrom 11:30 to 2 Except Saturday Dining Room Open Dady I From 5 P.M. to 11 P.M. Piit ;F ) .el ' - 4201 Charles St. EXport 9-8729 Rockford BANK BY MAIL Your checking account, your savings account handled quickly and easily by mail, on forms provided by ILLINOIS NA~ONAI Postage paid both ways. IIJJNOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. 11EIf'imV South Main at Chestnut Complete banking set, vices: Savtngs Accounts Checking Accounts Christmel Club Vacation Club Trust Services Safe Deposit Boxes Home & Property Improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans. Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mail. postage paid both'ways Free Parking while you bank Drive-in Facilities Phone WO 3-3431 ,4r FF Before Our Blessed Lord multiplied the loaves and fishes to feed the great crowd that had gathered to see and hear Him, He asked the Disciples if they had food for the people. Of course they had none, nor did they have sufficient money to buy such a quantity of food. In desperation they told the Lord that there was a little boy pres- ent with a few loaves and fishes. They must have felt rather ridiculous even sug- gesting the possibility that these might be of some help in feeding some five thousand men, and so they blurted out: "But what are these among so many? Try to imagine the reaction of that little boy when he saw the Master take his bar. ley bread and dry fish, the food of the poor, and multiply them a thousand times over for distribution to the great gathering of men, women, and children. The point to remember is this: Our Blessed Lord did not need these few fragments of food im order to perform this tremendous miracle -- but He used them in order to teach us a lesson in spiritual economy. GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY, GOD CAN DO EXTRAORDINARY THINGS EVEN WITH THE LEAST OF US. GIVEN GOD'S GRACE OUR LIMITED TALENTS ARE CAPABLE OF UNUS- UAL RESULTS. " ' This, indeed, is the secret of all progress for the Propagation of the Faith: generos- ity of spirit. To place the little t h a t we might have in the hands of the Vicar of Christ, is to follow the example of the lit- tle boy with the five loaves and two fishes Just as the Lord fed the crowd with the multiplication of such a small gift; so, too, the Vicar of Christ gathers together t h e multiplication of our corporate small gifts to build the Church Visible in M i s s i o n lands. These small gifts are made up for the most part by the small sacrifices of our people, from the nickels arid dimes of our children to the dollars of our adults. Even a large gift solves no missionary Bishop's problems completely, but it gives the Mis- sion Church tangible evidence of the Char- ity that activates the Mystical B o d y of Christ. LET THE MISSIONS SHARE IN YOUR VACATION PLANS, THROUGH THIS SUMMER A P P E A L FOR YOUR SUP- PORT OF C A T H O L I C MISSIONS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. L E S T WE FORGET THAT THE CHALLENGE OF THE MISSIONS IS A PERENNIAL ONE THAT TOUCHES E A C H OF US WORTHY OF THE NAME, CATHOLIC. I The Society for the Propagation of the Faith | I 507 Avenue B, I . Sterling, Illinois I ' I ! I am enclosing my personal gift of $ | I for the support of Catholic Missions througi - ! ; out the world. I I I I Name I I I Address I I | ! City I L ' J