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June 23, 1946     The Observer
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June 23, 1946

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In ] Sedione (00h00rrurr Ed00t00o- o| OUR 00IIINDAY VISITOR Newl [dillon ' w JUNE 23, 1946  OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE VOL. XXXV, NO. U 'S Truman Lauds Taylor Peace Efforts Senate Group Requests Fair Share Of Federal Aid For All Schools Freedom Of Religion 'Just As Sacred' As Church-State Separation, Says Report By Senators Murray, Walsh, Aiken, Morse Washington, June 17.--Criticizing the restrictive nature of the $250,000,000 Thomas-Hill-Taft Federal Aid to Educa- tion bill, a separate statement of views proposing an amend- ment by which Catholic and other non-public schools would share in its benefits has been introduced in the Senate by a group of members of the Senate Education and Labor Com- mittee, which considered the pro- Lillluonio Under Soviet Rule By The Observer Washingt(m, D. C. For 'the first time in a long while truth was told about the Baltic countri, in a public utterance when on June 5th Mr. Winston Churchill addressed the British House of Commons. This is some. thing quite new, especially for Mr. Churchill who was the chief actor in sentencing these nations to death, and only on March 151h in his speech at the Walde.rf Astoria in New York he stressed that the Baltic republics "have been reinte- graed in Russia" as a legitimate Soviet war booty. Could it be that suddenly bad conscience is haunt- ing the war-time British Prime Minister? This is hard to guess. It seems more probable, however, that in this as in many other problems he is belwtedly realizing the tragic mistakes of his past policy, and as a man seeking to a,s- sure his place in history, he tri now to extricate himself from re- aponsibility for old blunders. It is not only the Russian "iron curtain" that covers up the Baltic countries from outside world. An international conspiracy of si- lence conceals from democratic public opinion the true fate of these once free and now rapidly sovietized small nations. Let us take for instance Lithu- ania, a one hundred per cent Cath- olic country living now for five years alternately under Nazi and Soviet godless yoke. Well informed Lithuanian sources maert that until today 20% of the 2.8 million prewar population c, LHhuania has perished. This is quite a serious proportion considering that Lithu- ania was neutral in the war and was simply invaded and extermi- nated by her two powerful neigh- bors. Just since the "liberation" by the Red Army in the summer of 1944, 50,000 LMhuanians have been forcibly deported to Siberia. Many Americans of Lithuanian origin are receiving messages about their familie performing slave labor somewhere in Archangielsk, Vokuta or other parts of Asiatic Russia. People disappear and after aom time in prison are deported east- ward. There is scarce information com- ing from Lithuania oday. Con- sidered a Soviet republic and a part of the Soviet Union, it is 4ut off from outside world and sovietized according to the general commun- ist pattern. Even communist papers from abroad are forbidden in Lithuania, le some outside infor- mation should penetrate into the country. The so-called ge.vernment of Soviet Lithuania is of course one hundred per cent communist and many of its members are Russians Continued on page 4. Nt=wa See.. posed legislation. The report signed by Senator James E. Murray of Montana, chairman of the committee who was joined by Senator David I. Walsh of Massachusetts; George D. Aiken of Vermont, and Wayne Morse of Oregon. "It appears to us." the Murray statement says, "that a Congress which has agreed to pay a veteran's tuition (under the GI Bill of Rights) to a privately-controlled school should not hesitate to grant aid or service to a similar school to which he chooses to send his chil- dren." Approved by a majority of the committee and now awaiting Sen- ate action, the proposed measure l provides for Federal aid in the l amount of $150,000,000 during the first year; $200,000,000 the second year, and $250,000,000 the third year, but restricts the benefits to public schools. O:fly recently Archbishop John T. McNicholas, O.P., of Cincinnati in an address in Cincinnati, assailed the proposed bill as unjust and dis- criminatory and declared its enact- ment would constitute an unfair precedent in education by the Fed- eral Government. "In spite of evidence to the con- trary," the statement says, "some people sincerely fear the Federal aid to church-controlled schools would bring about the union of Church and State. We have con- sidered this problem very careful- ly and we have concluded that such a fear is groundless. If it were not we would be the first to oppose such aid. "Another tenet of our democratic belief which we hold to be just as sacred and important as the sep- aration of Church and State is that of freedom of religion. Such free- dom should not be limited by im- posing, in effect, certain penalties on those who faithfully caxry out the practice and teachings of their religion. In this connection, also, we must recognige that the govern- ment does not wish to supplant the duty of parents in the instruction and training of their children, but merely wishes to supplement and facilitate it." The Murray statement concedes that the Thomas-Hill-Taft bill is good as far as it goes, but com- plains that by its restrictive fea-! ture it falls far short of "insuring a good education to all children." The statement says the enactment of the bill would compel the Fed- eral Government to deviate from its long established policy of absolute equity in any program of Federal aid to the States, as exemplified in the GI Bill of Rights and more recently in the permanent National School Lunch Act. The committeemen remind thai a section of the bill I{rohibits the States from expending Federal funds in support of non-public schools unless a corresponding por- tion of local and State funds are spent for the same purpose. The Continued on page 4, News Ue& A ROSARY FOR THE RED CROSS His Holiness Pope Plus XII, in special audience for American Red Cross workers in Italy, presents a rosary to a smiling Red Cross girl, Martha McCaig. of Wilmington. N. C. The rosaries bear a special Papal Blessing. Acme. (NC Photos) Fr. McCormick Observes 35th Anniversary Mass Of Thanksgiving Said By Pastor Of St. Thomas, Crystal Lake On Sunday, June 9, the 35Lh an- niversary of the Rev. E. A. McCor- mick's ordination to the Holy Priesthood and the 32nd anniver- sary of his appointment as pastor of St. Thomas church was observed in-the parish church and hall at Crystal Lake. Relatives and friends, clergy and laity, members of the parish and community united in offering felicitations to the jub- ilation on the occasion of the an- niversaries. Father McCormick offered the parish Mass in St. Thomas church on the morning of June 9 in thanks- giving to Almighty God for ,the blessings hath he and the parish had received during the years of his priesthood and his parochial administration. In the evemng, more than 600 people attended open house conducted in the auditorium of St. Thomas church. The ladies of the parish served a buffet supper and both children and adults united to present a program in honor of their pastor. Shiela Stack presented a gift to Father McCormick in the name of the school children who receive the benefit of a Catholic education through the zeal and industry with which he led the parish in open- ing a Catholic school in the year Byrnes Wants More Prayer For Aid From LI. S. People Washington, June 17--(NC)--- "More prayer" is what Secretory of State James F. Byrnes wonts of the American people, he told re- porters at o news conference on the eve of his departure for the Paris conference to resume discus- sions of the Big Four Ministers. Mr. Byrnes made this statement in response to the question of o reporter who pointed out to the Secretary that "before you depart- ed for Paris last time you said you were not pessimistic but stood in need of prayer," and asked Mr. Byrnes if he cared "to describe your feelings now and tell us what it is you think you may need this time." "1 would say more prayer," the Secretory replied, adding that we stand "in need of prayer and I hope those prayers will continue 1 mean more prayer." In asking the American peopie to pray for "progress toward a just and lasting peace," Secretary Byrnes did not try to minimize the seriousness of the deadlock block- ing peace efforts of the great pow- ers and admitted that there hod been no progress in diplomatic ex- changes since the conference of the Foreign Ministers ended in a stalemate lost month. He indicat- ed that this might be the last chance for the great powers to get together and said that "if we fail, it is o defeat for mankind." 1,430 Catholic Chaplains 1927. Thomas Sexton presented a gift to Father McCormick in the Released From Duty; name of his parishioners and his n ,..,, I. , , ,,..- many friends who united in pre-IO, I/I >ervea In It paring for him this mark of their esteem and good wishes. Present] Washington, June 17.--(NC)--A at the observance of the jubilees ltotal of 5,488 chaplains have been were many whom Father McCor-lseparated from the Army between ]nick had baptized and married. I the period of September 1, 1945, Through almost two generations, and May 3t, 1946, it has been an- Father McCormick has inspired and nounced here by the Office of the promoted the spiritual life of the Army Chief of Chaplains. The people entrusted to his care. Un- total included 1,430 Catholic chap- der his direction since May 2, 1922,1 laths; 3,887 Protestant and 171 St. Thomas parish at Crystal Lake Jewish chaplains, the announce- has prospered and progressed. The old frame church was replaced by the present red brick structure. The new church was dedicated on July 12, 1925. Perhaps the most de- voted of Father McCormick's ef- forts on behalf of the parish are seen in the parochial school that was opened almost 20 years ago. The Observer joins with the riests and people of the diocese of oekford in wishing him many hap- py and blessed years in the service of his Divine Masteg, ment stated. The Office stated that the larg- est number of Army chaplains on duty at one time occurred on July 31, 1945, when the total was 8,171. This total comprised 2,270 Cath- olics; 5,655 Protestant and 246 Jewish chaplains. The announce- ment also disclosed that a total of 2,038 decorations ranging from the Distinguished Service Cross to the Purple tieart and including foreign decorations, were bestowed upon 1,543 Army chaplains. Says He Will Stay At Vatican Until Work Is Done Offers Explanation Of Claim Representative Would Be Recalled Washington, June 17-(NC) Myron C. Taylor has a special mission at the Vatican--to aid in making the peace--and he will re- main at that post: as his personal representative until the mission is completed. President Truman tohl a oress conference here Thursday. When peace is achieved, he added, the U,ited States will have no of- ficial representative at the Vatican. Asked by a reporter if he spoke f Mr. Taylor's mission with ref- erence to the conclusion of the Italian peace, President Truman shook his head and said he meant the peace of the world. Later in the day, speaking to four veterans to whom he award- ed the Congressional Medal of Honor on the White House lawn, President Trumau declared: "The war is only half won. We haven't won it until we have won a peace which makes the individual safe i his liberties lhe world over." He added that "we are going to win the peace." The question of Mr. Taylor's post at the Vaticau came up when a re- porter asked the President if a statemen[ attributbd to Protestant leaders who had called at the White House was true. The statemenl, the reporter added, wa that the President had said he woul'd recall Mr. Taylor upon the signing of the Italian peace treaty. President Truman said he did not believe the word "recall" had been used in connection with Mr. "Fay- Ior's office. He added that he had Lohl the committee of P,'otestant clergymen who had called upon him that Mr. Taylor had a special mission to perform. The late President Roosevelt had sent Mr. Taylor to Route as his personal representative to the Vatican to aid in keeping the peace. He had sent Mr. Taylor to Rome as his )ersonal representative to the Vati- can to aid in making the peace, President Truman continued. He said he did not-know how hmg the making of the peace would take, but that Mr. Taylor would r(ain at his post until it was completed. When the mission is completed, the President said, there will be no offi- cial U.S. representative at the Vatican. Clergy Retreats At St. Mary's, Crystal Lake The Franciscan Friars at St. Mary's Minor seminary, Crystal Lake have conducted retreats since June 12 for the Rockford diocesan clergy. To accommodate all the retreatants, the program is divided into three successive sessions. Dur- ing each session the same spiritual exercises are attended by groups of forty-five priests for a period of four days. Following the retreats for dio- cesan clergy, members of the re- ligious community of Franciscan Friars, under the supervision of their provincial, the Very Rev. Cyril Kits, O.M.C., will assemble fl'om various parts of the country to attend their retre/L The en- tire spiritual program, under the direction of the Very Rev. Anthony Hodapp, provincial of Franciscan Fathers of the Province of Our Lady of Consolation, will continue to July 4. The Rev. Walter Surak, guar- dian of St. Mary's Minor seminary, is in charge of arrangements, and is assisted by the Fathers, students and Franciscan Sisters at the sem- inary.