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June 13, 1948     The Observer
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June 13, 1948

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Sunday, June 13, 1948 THE OBSERVER EDITION OF OUR SUNDAY VISITOR News Section--Page 9A Catholic And Protestant Bishops Charge U. S. Used 'Third Degree' To Force Germans' Confessions unarmed Am(rican prisoners of war during the Battle of the Bulge near Malmedy, Belgium. The American defender of the accused, Willis M. Everett, Jr., of Atlanta, Ga., bad filed an appeal against the .~entences with the Munich--A Catholic Bishop and a leading Protestant churchman have accused American investigators with the vse of what is termed "brutal ill treatment" and "criminal methods" in obtaining confessions from a number of Ger- mans who were recently convicted of war crimes charges by the general Military Government Court at Dachau. The Ger- mans were accused of massacring~ meats of which they knew noth- in~ beforehand and which they could not check. "In some in- stances, witnesses were threaten ed with their delivery to Russia if they refused to do the bidding of the prosecution," Bishop Wurm United State~ Supreme Court, also charged. charging that American authori-"It is not a question of prevent- ties bad used third-degree methods ing proper punishment for crimes in forcing contessions. After the actually committed," he said, "but S~lpreme Court, by a 4 to 4 deeis- the issue is whether in this trial ion, had rejected the motion for a innocent as well as guilty persons writ of habeas corpus, Secretary of War Kenneth C. Royall stayed the execution of 17 of the 74 defen- dants and instructed Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Commander in Ger- many, to investigate the "serious allegations" made in comnection with the trials. Bishop Johonnes Neuhaeusler, I Aaxiliary of Munich, has now re- vealed that as early as last March he submitted detailed evidence to five members of Congress in sup- port of his charges of "tortures, threats and brutal ill treatment." The Bishop suggests that all the cases be investigated again "with- out threats and forcible measures equalling torture." He is under- stood to have submitted a similar appeal to Bishop Aloisius Muench of Fargo, North Dakota, Apostolic Visitator to Germany with the re- quest to transmit it to General Clay. The Protestant Bishop Theo- philus Wurm, chairman of the ex- ecutive committee of the Protes- ta~t churches in Germany, sub- mitted charges of the use of "criminal methods and abominable to, tures" to Dr. Robert M. W. Kempner, assistant U.S. prosecu- tor of the wa( crimes trials. Fol- lowing rejection of these charges by Dr. Kempner on the grounds of lacking evidence, Bishop Wurm has publicly repeated them. He declared that while the defendants were under arrest, "the prosecu- tion looks all over Europe for wit- nesses, many of whom are real criminals." He also asserted that during the trial the defendants were suddenly faced with state- WAHL SILENT DRYER Operates on I!0 Volts A. C. PRICE 19.75 WAHL CLIPPER CORPORATION STERLING. ILLINOIS are being sentcnced." Montana Blackfeet Indian, Jesuit, To Be Ordained St. Ignatius, Mont.--(NC)--The Rev. John J. Brown, S.J., a full- blooded Blackfeet Indian, will be ordained at St. Ignatius Mission here on June 16. He is believed to be the first Indian of the Pacific Coast region to be raised to the dignity of the priesthood. Father Brown was born in 1916 in Philadelphia, a few weeks after his parents bad arrived there from the Montana Blackfeet reservation He graduated with honors from PMladelphia West Catholic High Scr, ool, and entered the Society of J~sus at Wernersville, Pa., in 19;35. [For three years he served as teacher and prefect of boys at the 'Sacred Heart Mission for Coeur d'Alene Indians, DeSmet, Idaho. He holds a bachelor's degree from :Loyola University, Chicago. Pope Thanks Academy For Language Award Paris--The permanent secretary of the French Academy, the French writer Georges Lecomte has received a personal letter from Hm Holiness Pope Plus XII thank- ing the members of the Academy fo~ warding him the Gold Medal of the French Language. The .m.~dal given the Pope carries the linage of Cardinal Richelieu founder of the Academy. The Pontiff's letter stated that h~. is greatly moved by the award, that be has fondness for the French language, and admires the French classical writers, particu- larly Bossuet. Building Drive Convent Station, N. J.--(NC)-- A total of $245,000 thus far has been raised for'the Golden Jubilee Building Fund, it was reported at a alumnae meeting of the College of St. Elizabeth here. The drive opened last October and will con- tinue through 1949. . . FRANK EWING MOTOR SALES " Your FORD---MERCURY- LINCOLN Doolal FISK TIRE DISTRIBUTOR Fm Prompt Courteous Service 20~ TT, ird Ave. Sterling. Illineb . "TRADITIONALLY FINE FLOWERS" J I ' LUNDSTROM GREENHOUSI I 20S ISTB AVE. ROBERT A. LUNDSTROM STERLING. ILL. " I vA, TT,'s '] | HOME SUPPLY I, AUTO PARTS CO. / "/. ~| " Tlbkd' ON NORTH LOCUS1 57. | tN STERLING, ILLINOIS / L.... Phone 386 A.J. Vone d ,/ I MERVYN H. REED ! | BENDIX AUTOMATIC HOME LAdNDItY i |. WASHERS -- DRIERS ---IRONERS I 3 W st,at Inlay,i i I I T, t. O'BRIEN I mu.vox ! sos tm . mr. I** w :11 . mJUJl l. ItUNOel 8 l-W ( I I I IIIII I I I I' II I I [ I I I i I I Son of Hitler Aide Reports from Bavaria that 18- year-old Adair Martin Bormann. (above) son of Hitler's vanished chief deputy, is studying for the priesthood, are incorrect, accord- ing to NCWC correspondent who Interviewed the boy at the "Can- Isius Konvikt", Catholic boys" high sghool In Ingolstadt. How- ever, the boy revealed that he and six brothers and sisters have be- come Catholics. His father was one of the bitterest foes of the Church in Germany. Social Reform Next Aim Of Group In Italy Professor Gedda Says Communists Determined To Further Program REV. JOSEPH J. SULLIVAN Rome -- (NC) -- "Communi~m has been stopped but not destr6y- ed," declared Professor Luigi Ged- da, pres;dent of the National Civic Committee, in an interview here, adding that therefore the organi- ,zation mobilized originally for the i eleetion campaign would continae its work in Italy, with much-need- eo social justice as its next ob- jective. Professor Gedda, member of the medical faculty at the University of Rome, said there is much evi- dence that the communists are de- termined to continue their efforts to win Italy. "At the moment,= he said, "they are planning to change the name of their party tc something like 'Workers Par- ty,' the better to blot out the memory of their defeat and to fa- cilitate a reunion with the Sar- agat (righ-wing) socialists." Asked for his own evaluation of the functions of the Civic Com- mittee, Mr. Gedda listed three points. First. and most important, he considers the fact that it pro- vided the means for uniting in a strong coalition not only practicing Catholics but all those interested in preserving Christian civilization and its institutions. "Next in importance," he said, "was the fact that the committee transferred the battle from a mere struggle between political parties t the plane where .tt truly be- longed, the plane of ideology, of civilization, the battle between two unalterably opposed principles, Christianity and materialism." He exemplified this by pointing to the thousands who voted for the Christian Democrats, consid- ering them the lesser of two evils. On purely internal matters in Italy :they. would be opposed to the party of DeGasperi, but on the main issue they were opposed to eom- munism and voted it down in the most elfecfive way. The third feature of the ~om- mittee'~bsttle was what he mills the snorttne Or eomnetitivn jnir- .... ' L ....... ': ....... it" with which its members carried on the fight. Not seeking any ma- terial gain or party advantage, they fought "for the sake of an ideal, the salvation of the Church and Christian civilization." Holy Land Custody Proposes Militia For Sacred Shrines Vatican City--(Radio)--The Vat- icon has no informatiou concerning the projected international militia for defense of the Holy Places in stated. The Rev. Giulio Zanella, a Fran- ciscan, the Delegate in Italy from the Custody of the Holy Land, stated in an interview that he had dispatched an informative note to all embassies and legations in Rome, acquainting them with the desired project to establish a mitt-i tia for the protection of the Holy Places. He explained that the pro- posed project was undertaken on the initiative of the Custody of the Holy Land. The militia would be recruited voluntarily, Father Zanella ex- plained, and woul(i form a quasi private guard or police force. He added that a representative depart. e.l on Tuesday (June 8) to make contact with both the Jewish Stab and the Arab League. seeking their consent on the project, which seeks the continued care and preservation of the shrines. Father Zanella also ~oiced a de- sire that some provision be made for transportation of supplies and medicines for Christian institutions in the Holy Land, where he said multitudes of Christmns have taken refuge in escaping the war zone. Center On Working Class, Pope Tells Catholic Action Lisbon-- (NC)--The need for Catholic Action to exert its efforts especially among the working classes was stressed by His Holi- ness Pope Plus XII in a letter to B!shop Emam~el Trindad Salgu- eiro, Auxiliary of Lisbon and president of Portuguese Catholic Action. The Holy Father's letter was an acknowledgment of receipt of the organization's annual re- port. The lower working classes by reason of their poverty, the Holy Father said, are the most loved by the Divine Saviour, and because they must be so preoccupied with making a living they have less op- portunity to develop a Christian conscience. D alls GARDEN SHOP rilE SEEDIES~ PLACE IN TOWN 215 FIRST AVE. ROCK FALLS ILL. 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