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June 13, 1948     The Observer
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June 13, 1948

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@ June 13, 1948 ~k O Hell|tout 'et OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE O VOL. XXXVI NO. 7 overnor Praises Catholics On Behalf Of DP's settlement Group 50 Priests Attend St. Paul Session; Msgr. Swanstrom Says Surveys Show Thouands Of Homes, Jobs Available St. Paul, Minn., June 4.--A warm tribute to the work of the National Catholic Resettlement Council was paid by Governor Luther W. Youngdahl of Minnesota, in an address to a group of 50 priests and laymen from dioceses of vir- tually all States of the nation, who met here for a discussion of the displaced persons problem. The meeting was held National Catholic Welfare Confer- ence, and chairman of the Resettle- under the chairmanship of Msgr. Edward E. Swanstrom, executive lantic seaboard, had made favor- director of War Relief Services-- !able reports regarding homes and jobs for DP's. Within a few weeks, Monsignor sent Council. "It is a real thrill to meet here the distinguished leaders of the Catholic Church, to recognize your interest in the resettlement work which you have undertaken and to hear your expressions of interest and cooperation with other relig- ious groups throughout the coun- try," Governor Youngdahl said. "This is one of the greatest thrills that I have experienced since I was elected Governor. I feel very strongly and I have felt very strongly for a long time that the greatest attack we can make against communism is to make our 'government strong within. "We must not only give lip ser- vice to democracy," the Governor I PASSED BY SENATE I First step toward letting some I of Europe's displaced persons into /the United States was taken last I week by the Senate in passing a I bill which has now gone to the /house of representatives. The bill J would permit 200,000 of the dis- /plhced persons to come into the | country during the next two years. | Provisions of the bill are outlined /in this issue of The Observer on Lpoge 3A. continued, "but we must be will- ~15s and glad to pay the price for democracy. Dictators are going to be a little less reticent to attack us if we become strong If we have a deep spirit of unity-- helping these displaced persons by finding homes and jobs for them, it will be a symbol of all that is making America great and strong This admission of the displaced persons is a great symbol of the factthat we are still the land of the free and the home of the Swanstrom said, a group of priests headed by MonsignorLi- gutti, will leave for Europe to visit DP camps and study the problems of the people. He said that the group will include Msgr. Eugene Loftus, Resettlement Council di- rector for the Buffalo diocese Msgr. John Mulroy, director for the Denver archdiocese; the Rev. William Kelly, director for the Brooklyn diocese; the Rev. Joseph B. Gremillion, director for the Alexandria diocese, and the Rev. Russell Scheidler, director for the Helena diocese. Committee Advocates Aid For DP's Alexandria, La., -- (NC) -- A committee which includes repre- sentatives of the Catholic, Pro- testant and Jewish faiths adopted a resolution urging the Louisiana delegation in Congress to support bills to admit displaced persons into the United States. "We be- lieve Rmerica has a moral duty in this matter of displaced per- sons," the resolution set forth. The Rev. Joseph B. Gremillion, vice-chancellor of the Alexandria Diocese and administrator of St. Patrick's Church, Lake Providence, presided. He is director for North Louisiana of the National Catholic Resettlement" Council, and will Tepresent the South on a commit- tee of six priests who will leave New York June 15 to spend six to eight weeks in Europe to study the DP situation. Re By Cardinal brave." "I would like to pay tribute to ......... Buaapesc, hungary uarumal Father (Francis W.) Curtin who ...... :"_ hR~ ~';wn ~n m,~ t;m~ , the o, ~umaszen~y, primate oz l-lungary, --- " ........................... el a hall t d C t cs Sunday, June 6, that lution of this problem by his aseo- . .... ,. .. _ elation with us on the commission mey s n.o.u,a s~op reaamg newspa: I have set u- for dis-laced ~oro,,- pers oz one governmen~ parues aria ~- ,- e ...... listening to Hungarian broadcasts. in the State of Mmnesota. "This is a hannv onnortunit= " In a pastoral letter read in all ~ t es" has now passed a . . " , " " ,, ni ed Stat surest dommated regime ]s exert- " mE monstrous moral pressure bill which would admit 200,000 of ......... ~., The le~er sam ,ungarmn t~acn- these dmplaeed persons to the "" ~i ha s r ....... one D s p a enurmy um~ea one Umted States durmg the next two .......... ~aa,I W..... 11 --.*...--I1. ----. trial: ~nere are no negoclatmns I)e- l~o;;~ '~at~'t~e'~oU~"OT"~e~re~- tween Church and State. This pre- =upe~.t .... -~', ,.1.. ,~. ..... P_? sumahly was in reference to gov- ~io~n ,,.~ ......... ~ ............ ==" ernment plans to take over Church -: ........ maintained schools. b;oi~:hta~x~rne~Yo:n~ ~e~nal~ f:~ Cardinal Mindszenty has threat- :: .. 6. ~-~ _ " .. ~; - . ened to excommunicate any Cath- ., Monsignor ~wansu'om, ~v~sgr. Jonn ~' O'nr-d- exec'-*: ........... . .~_ohc who supports the plan. Eduea- ~ t anal Councd of Cathohe no-n~d M~,, ~ 1~. ,=., ]~ ..~ ,~! =, C~har~t.~es, and Msgr. Lu]gi L] .gutt], [orate any "terrorism" by the Car- ,executive secretary o~ the ~auona[/dinal a=ainst- ~athoH~- ~k,, o,~ : Catholic Rural Life Conference, at |ready tocoo;erate "~;'th;'p~an'.'" : . the.see.tins. . .. J The ministry of tnterio# an- aons~gnor ~wanscrom sam sur-lnounced that 500 villagers in Poc- ~: ~ taken in a number of dioceses/spetri, angered over the plan, at- i~ . :~ this country have indicated that Jtaeked the police station and kill- :~ ~aere are thousands of homes and led one policeman. ~ :_~ available for ~splaced per-/ Ortutay promptly sent a letter ';i. ~. He SmU przescs WhO eame lto Cardinal Mindszenty blamini[L ~ ~ l~,from Califorma, New Orleams I the Church for nation.wide agita- I" ~i.i~ . ~fld the North Central :States, u |tion agaL st nationalization el~ pa- l Priests' Retreats Begin Jane 13 Annual retreats for the priests of the Rockford diocese will be conducted in three periods from Sunday, June 13, through Tues- day, June 20, at St. Mary's Minor Seminary, Crystal Lake. Pastors will announce arrange- ments being made in their par- ticular parishes to take care of the ~eeds of the faithful during the time of the priests' retreats. Centenarian Sister Mary Ceslaus Barrett, O.P., of St. Clara Convent, Sinsinawa. Wis., is pictured on the occasion of her 100th birthday. NaUve of Beaten, Mass., she has spent 78 years in the Dominican commu- nity, is able to walk, and is in possession of all her faculties. She is the oldest Dominican Sister in the United States and perhaps In the world. (NC Photos). -, Dominican Nun Marks 100th ,,, ; Birthday Dubuque, ~wo---(NC)~ Sister Mary Ceslous Barrett, O.P., has celebrated her 10Oth birthday by attending a Solemn Mass of thanksgiving in the St. Clara Con- vent chapel, Sinsinawo, Wis., across the Mississippi River from Dubuque. Sister Mary Ceslous is said to be the oldest Dominican Sister in the United States, and perhaps in the world. The tiny nun, who has spent 78 years of service in the Domin- ican community, is able to be about, and is in possession of all her faculties. Sister Ceslous was one of the pioneer nuns at St. Catherine's Academy at Jackson, Nebr., and came there two years after the Academy was founded 52 years ago. o Born in Boston, Sister. Mary Ceslaus was one of the seven child- ren of Thomas and Eliza O'Brlen Barrett, at that time recent im- migrants from Dublin, Irelond~ She came west with Thomas, her bro- ther, to Chicago, where he was married. She entered the domin- ican community at Slnsinawa, Aug. 4, i 870. Retiree from teaching, the I 00- year-old nun now spends her cloys at the St. Clara Motherhouse wing, nmding to the end proving. .-- , Holy Year Announced For 1950 Will Church's 5th; Origin Time Of First Recorded Jubilee Year Was In 1300 And Brought More Than Million Pilgrims To Rome, Including The Poet Dante THOMAS E. KISSLING Washington--A Holy Year, the 25th In the history of the Catholic Church, has been announced for 1950 by His Holiness Pope Plus XII, in his address to the Sacred College of Cardinals on June 2, the Feast of St. Eugene, his name- day. The "Anna Santo," or Jubilee Year, which will be open on Christmas Eve, 1949, if tradition is followed, recalls 7Children Martin Son Of Hitler's Aide Reveals Pamphlet Aroused His Interest MAX JORDAN Tngolstadt, Bavaria- (NC) Seven of the eight children of the man who was Adair Hitler's deputy and one of the bitterest foes of the Church in Germany have become Catholics. That is the amazing story I was told by one of the sons of Martin Bar- mann, 18-year-old Adolf Martin Bormann, when I interviewed him at the "Canisius Konvikt" here, a Catholic boys' high school. Re- ports from other sources that young Bormann is at a local ~emi- nary and studying for the priest- hood are not correct. However, the young man's ex- periences as related by him are astounding indeed. The Rev. Hein- rich Hofbeck who is in charge of the school felt no hesitancy in let- ting me talk to him freely. "He is one of my best pupils in the re- ligious class," he said. Young Borgmann was in a nazi school on Lake Starnberg in ~- varia when the war was close to its end. With a group of SS troops he escaped to Austria, but the soldiers left him behind on a Tyro- lean farm. "One day," he told nle, "I picked up a booklet in my host's living room. It was a Catholic pamphlet ~other notable Holy Year celebra- tions that have drawn millions to Rome in the last seven centuries. The origin of the Holy Year dates back to the time of Moses when the Hebrew law established the year Jobel at the beginning of every 50 years, a year of jubilee when debts were remitted and slaves freed.. Similarly the year of jubilee in the Christian Church, with its extraordinary indulgences and remission of spiritual debts, was observed originally every 100 years. The first Holy Year or year of jubilee of which there is any authentic record took place in 1300, in the reign of Pope Boni- face VIII. In his proclamation an- nouncing the conditions of that jubilee celebration, the Holy Fa- ther referred to a tradition that a similar year of jubilee was held ao 100 years previously, but there s.ems to be no definite record of it. The Jubilee proclaimed by Boni- face VIII constituted an historic event in the annals of the Universal Church and was received with the greatest enthusiasm, some 2,000,000 pilgrims visiting the sacred soil of Rome. Dante Alighieri, who was among the pilgrims on this occasion, described in his "Divine Comedy," the Ponte S. Angelo, crowded by people en route to or from St. Peter's. The bridge, was divided into two sections by a railing, one for the pilgrims going, the other for those returning. in a bull, "Dei ad certitudinem," Pope Boniface VIII ordained that thereafter a similar Holy Year should be held every 100 years, at the beginning of each century. But heeding the pleas of the faith- ful that every living person should in his own lifetime be able to avail himself of the graces of the Jubi. lee at least once, Pope Clement VI and I read it just because there shortened the period to 50 years, wasn't anything else to read. It Pope Sixtus IV in 1475 lessened the aroused my interest. One of the period to every 25 years. maid servants of the farm had brought the booklet from the When the second Holy Year was church book rack, and now I won- celebrated, in 1350, Pope Clement dered whether all I had been~ VI was residing at Avignon and did taught about Catholicism by ourl not Re to Rome. However, he nazi teachers wasn't a distortion: sent Cardinal Caetini as his Dele- of the facts. The shock of Ger- gate. Despite the absence of the many's sudden collapse may have Pope the crowds were as numero added to my bewilderment." ous as during the first Jubilee Year. Among the distinguished Young Borgmann sat there in pilgrims on this occasion were St. the principal's study and talked quietly. Perhaps, he looked a bit -- " too serious for a lad of his age, Continued on page 12A yet he was entirely at ease and willing to aaswer all questions. I Father Hofbeek had told me he- "No Alibi for Not I fore that the boy had become a convert to the Church a year ago , " I and was now one of the most Ordering Sooner I zealous among the pupils. "Frequently we find him in the A letter just received reads in J chapel as early as five o'clock in po~ . I the morning, and often as late as -' Enclosed please find $2.50 m 10 o'clock at night. He prays for for a ye~" S subscription to The I hours at a time, and it seems that Observer. I like the paper very I he has a subconscious desire to much, have been going over to I atone for the evils his father a~id the parish house to read it, have I so many of his associates are re- no alibi to offer for not ordering J S nsl " po "ble for, the priest said. sooner." ! "How did you~ Eappen to be- l come a Catholic?" I asked young THERE l$ NO NEED FOR ANY J Bormann. "Well," he answered, "after I CATHOLIC FAMILY TO MISS [ had read that booklet I happened T H E 0 B S E R V E R J to vkit a nearby pilffrimaga 4m- ; , .I . ". ., , , r~