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June 11, 1936     The Observer
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June 11, 1936
 

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A Catholio paper stlmulates olety, a love of Catholic ideals, and an interest in the activlties of the Church of Christ It makes for a great advance In the knowledge and love of religion. (Ohsrrurr The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rockford "You are my voice, i do not say that you make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few ir deed would be the number of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the aid of the Catholic Press."--Ptus XI to Catholic journalists. JUNE 11, 1936  A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH  VOL. I., NO. 29 N PER00E(00IJ IN'IJE New Hope Seen t:or Schools in Spai ANTI-CAT-HOLIC TAi iN00STicE His Holiness on Seve00y00inth Bi00-h-day Among Illinois E D U C A T IO N StudentConverts BISy,DEPLOREI} CHIEF LEAVES tber:Camhtm:dPagain:ut-fahdrelingfSmtbGem ! ARCHBISHOP Outrages Against O Catholic Schools Reported CHILDREN SUFFER Socialist Officials Treat Sisters Brutally in Spain BY REV. MANUEL GRANA (Madrid Correspondent,-N C. W. C. News Service) .Madrid, June 1.--With the deLrart - ure of Marcelino Domingo from the post of minister of public education, the cloud that has been hovering over the teaching religious congrega- tions has been somewhat lifted It was evident to all that Domin- go's orders and declarations were more or less "only on paper" and were issued as a play to the Social- ist "gallery." The principal point of his program was the removal of the religious in primary schools, And this in spite of the fact that since primary education must be gratuit- ous, the state has had to rely upon the aid of religious in these institu- tions. The new minister of public education, Francisco Barnes, is re- garded as a very different type of person. Aimed T Oust Religiou O One of Minister Domingo's at- mpts was the reorganization of eaehing facilities in the ProviC | - of Madrid "on a basis of secular edu- | caters." The intent of this was to eliminate the religious, who, as a | matter of fact, are the ones most | interested since almost all of their | schools are institutions of benefac- | lion. But nothing was accomplished | since the very thought of what it | would cost frightened the provincial | authorities. | Nevertheless, the epidemic of | school laicism has been intensified | by the Leftist atmosphere. The most | tragic part of it is that it is carried | out with great menace to the educa- I tion of the younger generation. | Some rather ridiculous situations | have occurred. The inspector of | primary schools for Santander drove | the Sisters from a school at Reinosa, | as the ministry had ordered. He | closed the school which Catholics | had built and were supporting and | the children were left to roam the | streets. When the governor learned | of this, he,wired the ministry, which, p in turn, advised the zealous inspect- [ or that its orders were not to be | interpreted tn this fashion. As a re- [ sult, both Sisters and pupils were [ returned to the school. " Sisters Ordered to Leave The provincial government of Ma- drid ordered the Sisters to leave the Aranjuez Home for the Aged, but has not been able so far to place them. The same was true of E1 Par- orphanage. Socialist director proposed at a eeting of the board of directors that the Sisters of Charity be re- moved from the Murcia provincial hospital, but another director, a member of the republican party and (Continued on page 2, column 7) ber of the senior class, is one of a dozen students at the Univers- ity of Illinois here who have just made public profession of faith and have been received into the Catholic church by the Roy. Dr. John A. O'Brien, Catholic chap- lain at the university. Each semester a course of in- struction in the Catholic Faith is conducted for the non-Catholic students at the university. Each year a considerable number enter the Church before the entire Catholic student body assembled at Mass. I For 20 years it has been the practice to receive the student converts into the Church at a public ceremony. Bishop Confirms 1,1 O0 Adults, Many Converts Baltimore, June 6--The Most Rev. John M. McNamara, auxiliary bish- op of Baltimore, last Sunday night administered the Sacrament of Con- flrmation to 628 adults, most of them converts, in the Cathedral of the As- sumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Of this number there were 261 men and 367 women. Washington, June 6.--Many con- verts were numbered among the 503 adults who were confirmed by the Most Rev. John M. McNamara, aux- iliary Bishop of Baltimore, in St. Patrick's church, here, Monday night, night. Of these, 190 were men and 313 women. Joins Church On Death Bed Chicago. -- Funeral services were held this week at St. Mary's church, Evanston, for Henry W. Beyers, vice-president of traffic of the Chi- cago & Northwestern railway, who died at Rochester Minn., Sunday. Mr. Beyers was received into the Catholic church on his deathbed. Priest Writes Indian Language Grammar Medellin, Colombia, May 25--The Rev. Pablo de1 Santisimo Sacramen- to, O.C.D., is the author of E1 idioma Katie, a grammar of the language spoken by the natives of Uraba. Father Pablo has spent much time visiting the Urab,t region, talking ith the natives in an effort to learn their ideas of civilization and land colonization and to interest them in Christian culilre. BANKER-ARTIST DEAD New York, June 2.--Oliver H. P. La Farce, banker-artist, died in this city last Friday at the age of 67. NOTE BOOK By Observer "PLUS Xl as never drawn back when duty called. When the outlook was most threatening he never failed to remind the world of the doctrine and the aspirations of the Church, to recall mankind to a consideration of justice and peace. Even when his words did not have "e deired effect, .he never lost art. Indeed, he has always said there is never so much reason hope in God as when one sees that there is nothing to hope from men." Thus Arnaldo Cortes| concluded an article in The New York Times magazine, May 31, on the occasion of the Pope' birthday. The reign of Pope Plus XI, thinks Mr. Cortesi, who is the Rome corres- pondent of the Times, will go down into history bracketed with the most brilliant and successful of the 260 that preceded it. Young Achille Ratti, even as a student, showed igns of the great- ness that was later to be acclaimed his. Msgr. Luigi Talamo, his pro- fessor of philoophy, declared that he, when teaching the future pon- tiff, learned his philosophical lec- tures with especial care lest he cut a poor figure before a student with such a keen mind and uch deep learning as Achllle Ratti. The Arch- bishop of Milan referred to the young eminarian a his "yo(ung old man." Strangely enough the life of Fath- er Achille Ratti from the time of his ordination until about his six- tieth year was passed in academic seclusion. Scholar, historian, and lib- rarian, he was known only to the learned world. One month every year, however, he forsook his books to live in the mountains where he refreshed his body and spirit by meeting the challenge of Alpine peaks. "The Pope's early training in the mountains," thinks Cortesi, "wa certainly an important element in the formation of his character. It (Continued on page 2, column 3) Says Catholics of Ohio Treated Unfairly by State Cincinnati.--An appeal for "just treatment of the Catholic educa- tional system in Ohio" was made by the Most Rev. John T. McNicholas, O.P., Archbishop of Cincinnait, in an address at graduation exercises of the Catholic high schools of Hamil- ton County. The Archbishop blamed the continuance of "this unjust treatment of Catholic schools on ministers of religion and three types of politicians." There are, the Archbishop said, four types of politicians, "the gang- ster politician, the hireling politi- cian, the routing politician and the honest and constructive politician, who deserves to be called a patriot." Outside of the Catholic Church, he said, there are few who consider moral principles fixed and immut- able. He denounced Communists, birth preventionists, the persecutors of religion in Russia, Mexico, Ger- many and Spain, and "all our Pink Socialists." Archbishop McNicholas gave fig- ures to show that Catholics are bearing the whole cost of educating 175,000 students in Ohio in their schools and that, in addition, Catho- lics contribute 20 to 25 per cent of all the moneys collected in the State for the public schools. The Archbishop said the sales tax "places an unjust burden on the p6or and laboring-classes." "In 1935", he said, "more than $46,000,000 was ground out, for the most part, from the inadequate earnings of the poor." "This unjust taxation represents $46,000,000 of blood money,' he de- clared, adding: "I do not hesitate to say that Ca.tholies paid to the State of Ohio $10,000,000 as their share of the sales tax in 1935. "Of the $46,000,000 collected in sales tax, almost $17,000,000 were turned over to the public schools. Catholics did not receive one dollar xthe $10,000,000 they paid in sales Greet Pope On Birthday Vatican City.--A message from President Roosevelt, transmitted through His Excellency the Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, AlOstolic Delegate to the United States, is among the numerous con- gratulatory cablegrams received by His Holiness Pope Pins XI on his seventy-ninth birthday last Sunday. Others who sent messages to the Holy Father include the king of Italy, the king of Belgium, the presi- dent of Austria, the president of Po- land, the king of Roumania, the president of Argentina, the president of Colombia and Premier Bonito Mussolini of Italy. First Communicant Killed In Accident London, June 1.--When 6-year-old Mildred Brighouse had left her First Communion class she was killed in a street accident. The little girls in her class wore their white First Communion frocks when they fol- lowed the small coffin to the grave in St. Helen's cemetery, Lancashire. They carried lilies. ABBOT VISITING U. S. London--Abbot Wulstan Knowles, of Fort Augustus, is in the United States to make official visits to two houses of his Abbey. They are St. Anselm's Priory at the Catholic Uni- versity of America, Washington, D. C., and St. Gregory's Priory at Ports- mouth, R. I. Heroism Shown at African School Fire Newcastle, Natal, South Africa, May 30.--Deeds of outstanding hero- ism were performed in connection with the fire which destroyed the Catholic school for boys, the convent of the Sisters of St. Dominic arid a portion of the Sisters' chapel here a few days ago. The Sisters them- selves braved death and injury to rescue the Blessed Sacrament and to lead the children to safety, while a Methodist minister only recently ar- rived from Ireland suffered severe burns in rescuing some of the chil- dren and the last of the nuns to remain in the flaming school The fire broke out in the middle of the night and the flames soon were mounting to the sky. The Sis- ters conducted all of the children safely out of the burning school, but it became necessary then to pass a number of nuns through windows as all other means of egress had been cut off. The last nun remaining in the building refused to leave her post until she was assured all the others had been saved. The Metho- dist minister threw the Sister from a window into the waiting arms of a rescue squad below. The minister was taken to the hospital suffering from severe burns. A portion of the tudience which overflowed the huge studio of the No-l birthday, The program was broadcast internationally by short-wave. On tional Broadcasting Company, in New York, on the occasion of the spe- I the stage may be seen the vested Paulist Choristers led by Father Finn, cial broadcast, May 31, of the nationwide Catholic Hour, produced by the land a -group of distinguished Monsignori and laymen, Inset shows His National Council of Catholic Men, when His Eminence Patrick Cardinal[ Eminence at the microphone. Hayes felicitated His Holiness Pope Pins XI; en the Holy Father's 79th[ DOCTORS .CHIDE -BUSY BODIES B irthDCe:00u00nO:e2rOups lication of the American Medical Association. Referring to these propaganda groups, the committee said: "Your committee deplores the support of such agencies by members of the medical profession. We feel that an entirely false sense of values with respect to the important func- tion of child-bearing and of par- enthood has been created by the activities of such organizations." Referring to the use of contracep- tives, earlier in the report, the com- mittee said: "Early in this study it became evident that most people, including physicians, are relatively uninformed regarding the entire subject other than as it may.be ap- plicable to the family problems of certain individuals." With reference to the use of contraceptives from the standpoint of eugenics, the report said: "Our present knowledge regarding hu- man heredity is so limited that there appears to be very little sci- entific basis to justify limitation of conception for eugenic reasons." "No evidence was found," the re- port continued, "which would indi- cate that wider'dissemination of con- traceptive information would tend to establish a better social and econ- omic equilibrium in society. At pres- ent the part of our population with the best education and presumably the most competent socially and economically is not reproducing it- self. Birth control propaganda is partially responsible for this condi- tion. "Your committee has found no evi- dence available to justify the claim that dissemination of contraceptive information will improve the econ- omic status of the lower income groups, although it is admitted that some individuals might thus profit by limitation of their family." 131 Study Clubs Formed By Women In San Francisco San Francisco. Formation of 131 study clubs in the Archdiocese of San Francisco was announced by Miss Ethel Davis, chairman of the Study Club committee, to the 12th annual Archdiocesan Conference of IBmckLegmnDenouncedby ITHREE CATHOLIC i Protest a nt _Chur e h Coun rill ALTAR S ON LINER "-- ' " veL thIS;:tpU I are the be, defense -- eh::t2 f thh K eIu:21an n W?o  ht  eag;ien:00er %U?ni: t h::;P00Cuif I Thousands Church of Christ in America in a patriotic citizens who oppose the] statement issued here Saturday. The present hysteria for military pro-| council is an agency of 23 Protest- paredness or stand for the right of] .__ BYGEORGE BARNflRD -- J.,onoon orresponaen, . . w. u. ant sects. . labor to orgamze for better stan-| News Service). The executive committee of the dards of living. | council called attention to "threat- "Even the churches are labeled as| London, Juno 1.--An Irish priest ening signs of sinister intolerance" 'subve-sive' for pointing out econ-| was one of the passengers on the and charged the Black Legion had om'ic in'ustices and evils which can| "Queen Mary" when the new liner "disclosed the extreme of cruelty be corrected within Our present sys-| set out today on her mmden trip and social danger to which a red- tern if there is the will to do so ] to New York. b.aiting, .anti-Semitic,. anti.Negro, an: and for emphasizinz the necessity of] He is the Rev. C. Cunningham, of u atnotzc organzzatzon easziy goes brm m hmst s zrlt and teach " _. . ^, . " g" g-C " 's p" " -1 St. Patrick's, Roundstone, County umspnemy ,nargea ings more fully to bear upon ourlOalway "Its use of the name of God Al " " " n " a " " ....... industrml and mternatm al hfe. G g No ship was ever more beautifully mh,:htYtneltnS t o, 1,Sa2asf:em:Us p laws wh,ch are unworthy of .a free equipped for the celebration of Mass - people are Demg mtrouucea rote we ..... tion of ilf o Pr-tn  -n ..... than s tins hner. Every arhcle of ,ifio o. o,, ,, " gross and nav.e.oee pan Y - altar furnishing was specially made, =o , - o--,--, erat state legislatures Affor rviowln fh ri' of Corn " down to the handcut glass cruets. ............... o ......... vv._- - ......... n L nchm s Assa,led Tnree uatno/lc chapels nae Dee munism and. Fascism abroad, the Y g ...... " ., , preys(ms Tnere ]s no permanen statement added: 'Teachers are compelled to take . , ........ ,, cnapei rne us o altars mat can In our own country there is a oaths which degrade their profes- "  disquieting evidence of influences moving toward a similar denial of freedom and a temper of violence. The menace of Communism to both religious and civil liberty has been frequently and rightly point- ed out. Not enough attention, however, has been given to the more Imminent danger of repres- sive tendencies of another sort. "W'e observe, for example, a sin- ister intolerance which brands" as sional standing and are contrary to the free spirit of our educational institutions. Lynching is still ramp- ant. Groups of vigilantes take the law into their hands and perpetuate brutal outrages such as that which recently disgraced the city of Tam- pa, Fla. "There are signs of a whispering anti-Semitic agitation such as, un- restrained, has left an indelible stain upon the German government." Fireman Risks[ Ch inese .Ask Life to Savel Intercessmn of B1. Sacrament I Ming Official St. Lambert, Que.---Captain J. For- get of the fire department risked his life twice to save the Blessed Sacra- ment and chalices containing Sacred Hosts, during a fire here which caused $30,000 damage to the St. Lambert parish church. The Roy. A. Lessard, the pastor, had made several attempts to enter the church to save the Sacred vessels but was driven back by the dense smoke and flames. Nuns Make Goodwill Tour of Jap Empire Fushan, Manchukuo. Showing films of their work in the United States to more than 30 audiences in Manchukuo cities and towns, two Maryknoll nuns, Sister Martina Bridgeman, of Newfoundland and Susanna Hayashi, of Tokyo, have completed a visit to the Marylmoll! Mission in the Japanese Empire and nearby Manchukuo. The sisters are on a good-will tour of the Orient sponsored by the Jap- anese-American newspaper, The Jap- anese Daily News, published in Los Angeles. The fnancing of the tour is a spontaneous act of appreciation l on the par of the Los Angeles Jap- anese for the Maryknoll Sisters' Tsining, China.--Sister Margaret Sung a Chinese nun of the Presenta- tion Congregation, has been com- pletely cured of a virulent infection of the foot after all medical assist-: ance proved of no avail. On the recommendation of the spiritual director of the Congrega- tion, a novena to the Catholic Action Patron, Hsu Kwang-ch'i, Catholic Minister of State at the end of the Ming Dynasty, was undertaken and on the ninth day it is reported, a decided improvement took place in the condition of the patient. Com- plete recovery is said to have fol- lowed a second novena. Women Petitioners For Priests' Return Are Slain In Mexico Mexico City. At Ciudad Camargo in the State of Chihuahua three women were killed and a number wounded while verbally petitioning the municipal presidente that the number of priests be increased. The committee that called upon the local official was composed of members of the Mexican Women's be folded out of sight in the public I rooms give the advantage of placing! more space athe disposal of the congregation when Mass is being said. Two beautiful paintings have been executed as altar pieces for the al- tars in the first_class drawing room and in the tourist class library. One is "The Madonna of the Tall Ships" and the other "Madonna of the At- lantic." Both are the work of Ken- neth Shoesmith. Three chalices for the "Queen Mary" were consecrated by the Vic- ar General of the Portsmouth Dio- cese, Monsignor King. Superb vestments have been pro- vided for each of the altars in all the liturgical colors. The Cunard White Star company spent more than $7,500 on the furnishings of the altars, exclusive of the cost of the altars and the pictures. The altars are permanently set up in the public rooms and when not in use are enclosed by folding doors which fit into the panelling. CHARITIES SHARE IN ESTATE Pittsburgh. -- Catholic charities share ih the $23,000 estate of Miss Margaret Jane Popp, who died re- cently at the age of 81. The Cath- olic institutions benefiting by the will are devoted mainly to the care of children. PARENTS -OF ALTAR BOYS ARRESTED Absurd Charges Brought Against Pastors SEIZE CATHEDRAL Arouse Antagonism of Russian Orthodox. _ Church (Special Correspondence, N. C. N'. C. News Service) Moscow. -- The lengths to which the Soviets go to harass and perse- cute religion are shown by a few incidents brought to light in differ- ent parts of the country. On the city of Smolensk, south- west of Moscow, all of the parents who were "bold enough" to per- mit their sons to serve at the altaP of the Catholic Church were se- verely reprimanded and menaced by the G. P. U. and some of their number were arrested. In that same city the Catholic par- ish had maintained a circulating li- brary before the revolution, and this institution managed to survive, al- though its books were inventoried and declared to be "property of the State." In administering the library, the parish priest had the misfortune of letting out a few books which happened to have been published before the year 1918--the year of the revoluion--and when these were discovered in the hands of his par- ishivners by G. P. U. agents making searches, the pastor was immediate- ly accused of spreading "counter- revolutionary literature." This is but one of frequent instances in which the G. P. U. has leveled trumped-up charges of political crimes against priests, who are ut- terly unable to defend themselves. Trumped-Up Charge At Tamboff, an important center southeast of Moscow, the only Cath- olic priest remaining in that region was arrested for receiving packages of provisions sent to him from Lat- via. Nine other priests of Odessa and vicinity also were arrested for receiving provisions from abroad. Their arrests took place three years after the "offense" with which they were charged and in receiving: the food they made use of the official channel--the government Torgsin. The charge placed against priests arrested on this ground is that they offended the prestige of the U. S. S. R. by giving the impression abroad that there was famine and misery within Russia. All of the nine priests arrested in or near Odessa were sentenced to deporta- tion, most of them for ten years. Confiscate Cathedral : At Saratov on the Volga there is a large population of Catholics in the German colony. The inhabitants of the region, though of German etxraction, automatically became So- viet subjects with the revolution, The Bolsheviks confiscated the splen- did Cathedral, which was the pride of Catholics at Saratov, but did not immediately take possession of it. Their purpose was to turn the mag- nificent edifice into a bakery. After a little while, the church council was notified by the G. P. U. that the name of the street had been changed and from then on would be known as "Kirovskaya Culitsa". (Kirov street), and that it was a disgrace to the memory of the Bolshevik hero assassinated about a year before that there should be a church stand- ing in a street named in his honor. Therefore, the officials announced, the Soviet Government was "willing" to confiscate a poor Russian Ortho- dox church and turn it over to the Catholics. This strategy on the part of the Bolsheviks served a two-fold purpose. It deprived the Catholics of their magnificent cathedral and gave them instead a much smaller church which they would have to re- pair at great expense to themselves, and at the same time it drew the antipathy of the Orthodox down up- on the Catholics. MISSION HEAD DIES Santa Barbara, Calif., June 2.--- The Roy. Peter Wallischeck, O.F.M., former head of the Old Mission of Santa Barbara here for 40 years, has died at the mission at the age of 84, Jail Mexican Family For 'Crime' of Praying I Mexico Cxty, June 3.--Informatmnlnounced to the military authority has been received from Vera Cruz  anonymously. The military officials regarding the illegal and shocking! informed the municipal presidents, procedure of local officials in that city. A group of city police raided the domicile of the Lizandro Roch- erol family. Senor Rocherol, his wife and daughter and several persons found with" them are under arrest charged with "praying". The police, having searched the home without judicial order, found a Crucifix, statues of Saints and sofne prayer books which are to be used as evidence against those arrested. There is no law, municipal, state Benjamin Garcia- who under cover of darkness searched the home and arrested all those found within it. The excesses of the Federal Offioa of Hacienda in Puebla in nationaliz- ing alleged "clerical" property has called forth criticism in the press of the Capital. In Puebla the fact that any family has a priest as lodger is considered sufficient ground for the seizure of the property. Fam- ilies have been put to heavy expens- es trying to defend their rights by the National Council of Catholic work among their people. The sis- union. The official's reply to their or federal, that prohibits family employing attorneys to prove that Women. which concluded its two- tern have been highly honored by peaceable petition was a volley of prayer within the home. ,charges made against them are roB- day session yesterday the Japanese government, abets with the resuRant tragedy. The Rocheral family was de- j founded, : #