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Rockford, Illinois
June 9, 1961     The Observer
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June 9, 1961

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PAGE I0 THE OBSERVER FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1961 THEOLOGY FOR EVERY MAN The success of the U. S. i~ putting a man into space brings to mind the discussions that have gone on i~7 recent years about the possibility of life on other planets and how such creatures would be related to God's law. This timely treatmmTt on the ?m- ture of other planetary creatures and their moral oblfgations was prepared at St. John's Seminary, Brighton, Mass It is reprinted from the Boston Pilot. Q. HOW WOULD CATHOLIC THEOLOGIANS REACT TO THE DISCOVERY OF ANOTHER PLANET INHABITED BY HUMAN BEINGS? A. We do not know anything about worlds other than our own beyond the meager findings of the 'astronomical sciences. We have no knowledge of the existence of rational creatures other than angels, who are pure spirits, and ourselves. We can thus have no knowledge of whether or not such creatures would have committed sins, and whether or not the redeeming merits of Christ would be applicable to them. WHAT WE DO KNOW is that Christ died in this world to save the descendants of Adam from the consequences of original sin. We know that all who live on the earth today are descend- ants of Adam, and that all are destined to be members of the Church, through which Christ dispenses the graces which He gained for us by His suffering and death Beyond thzs we can say nothing whatsoever with certainty. We can, however, suggest certain speculative possibilities re- lating to worlds other than our own and indicate to what ex- tent th~ general principles of the natural law. as we deduce them f~'om our own nature, would apply to them. IF THERE ARE INHABITANTS of other worlds, they are at least material beings like ourselves, since by hypothesis they would exist in a material world capable of coming into physical relation with our own world. In another material world, beings could be living as well as non-living as are the beings of this world. As living beings they could be either ra- tional, as we are, or rational like the lower animals of which we have experience. Let us suppose that in another world there are what philoso- phers call rational animals. They could be such and still be al- together different from the members of the human race as we know them. The physical condition of the human race could be changed within wide limits tend still remain within the area Patronize Our Advertisers Let its attswer your lawn and garden questions "k Lawn & Garden Seeds "k Annual Plants "k Perennial Plants Vegetable Plants "k Potted Begonias "k Potted Tomatoes "k Clematis Vines "k Unusual & ,-" Novelty Plants "k Soil Conditioners Celebrating Our 50th Anniversary CONDON'S PLANT STORE $42 Cedar St. Free ParKing Phone WO 3-1513 Purchase Program For Everyone! "k Pagel's Rental Purchase Plan "k Pagel's FHA New Home Plan "k Pagel's Trade In Plan "k Pagel's 10% Down Plan Pagel's Work Credit Plan Almost Anyone Can Buy a Home ,New Homes and Apartments Now Available to Compare! Construction Co" S36 Windsor Rd. Rockford, Ilk Call TR 7.7804 Today human. It is quite possible that a rational soul could inform a material body completely different in anatomical structures and physiological /unction from the body with which we are familiar. Such a being would still be a rational animal, even though it would not be a member of what we call the human race. Q. WOULD THEY BE SUBJECTED TO THE SAME NA- TURAL LAW AND DESTINED FOR THE SAME END OF ETERNAL HAPPINESS? A. As a rational animal, this hypothetical being would be first of all a creature of God. Every possible existing world and all beings contained therein, would of necessity be depen- dent on the Infinitely Perfect Being. As a rational being, this hypothetical creature would be endowed ,with intellect and will. He would thus be capable of knowing and loving God, and he would be destined for an eternity of happiness with God. that would be covered by the definition of rational animals, lwould thus be wrong for our hypothetical rational animal to doltion that the Church was founded for the inhabitants of this Man's vital and rational activities are made possible by he[anything that, in their own condition and circumstances, would I world and that its mission will extend until the end of time union of soul with his body. represent rebellion of the body against the soul. A code ofiamong those who are capable of being redeemed and sancti BODY AND SOUL CONSTITUTE a single" being;" the soul morality, would have. to be drawn up for them that would on- Ifled by. the Second Adam, Christ, after inheriting the conse ~: . ~ visage those qualities of their nature which would be parma- quences of the sin of the first Adam NlvcS Lu bile uuuy %nO urn'l ur reality oi the oeuig Wnlcn we eat;. ] nent and stable. I WOULD THE INHABITANTS of another world be related MUCH OF OUR MORAL LAW is concerned with obligationslin any way to those of this world? We do not know. It is pos-. | immediately implied in the sexual relations of man and woman, lsible that discovery of the next world might reveal that its in- Bi-sexuality is not essentially required in a rational animal. Evenlhabitants, at some period of prehistoric time, were separated in this world lower animals propagate themselves in ways other]from us by a disaster of catastrophic proportions of which we than sexual reproduction. Again, of their nature material be-lean form no adequate image. Or again, it is possible that they ings begin to be and tend to lose their identity by corruption were a completely different race with no resemblance to the HE WOULD BE SUBJECT, as we are, to all the laws of na- ture which are rooted immediately in the spirituality of the hu- man soul. To know the Infinite Being in the created beings which reflect His image, to love the Infinite Being Who presents Himself as the ultimate good towards which ai1 created goods are directed--these are prerogatives which would pertai~ to the hypothetical rational animals of other planets no less than i to ourselves. A good,art of the moral law would thus be common to them and to us. They would be created and rational, no less than we are. Moreover, as rational animals their souls would be superior to their bodies. Whatever might be the nature of their bodies, they would be subject to the control of their souls. It EET THE REV. EDWARD ROLAND HUGHES, son of Mrs. Irene Rowland Hughes and the late Edward J. Hughes of Chicago, was born in Chicago Jan. 19,] 1934. He attended Quigley pre- paratory seminary in Chica from 1947 to 1952, and took his philosophy and theology courses at St. Mary seminary, Balti- more, Md. Father Hughes was ordained ,by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane May 31, 1958, in St. Mary church. McHenry. His firstassignment was at St. Joseph church, Harvard, where he served as assistant for one year. The next year he was an assistant at St. Joseph, Free- port, and in June, 1960 he was appointed to serve as assistant at Holy Angels parish, Aurora. Former Rockford Teacher Dies SINSINAWA, Wisconsin -- Sister M. Dolorosa, O.P a for- mer Rockford teacher, died at Saint D, ominic Villa, Dubuque, In June 1, 1961, in the 58th year.of her religious profession. Sister Dolorosa taught for eight years at Saint James school, Rockford. She also served as superior at Saint Philip Benizi, Chicago, St. Gall, Milwaukee, and Our Lady of Refuge, New York City. Her other assignments i n cl u d e schools in Peoria, Anaconda Montana, and Cuba City. Survivors include a brother William Sammon, Chicago. Cardinal Legate VATICAN CITY ~ His Holi- ness Pope John XXIII has named Richard Cardinal 'Cush- ing, Archbishop of Boston, to be Papal Legate at Bolivia's na- t i o n a l eucharistic congress which meets in Santa Cruz from August 10 to August 13. JOHN P. SREENAN Is Qualified To Take Care of Your Everyday Insurance Needs Office WO 4-5977 Home TR 7-6402 St. Bridget's Parish QUALITY BUILT HOMES 3 bedrooms, 20 x 12 driftwood paneled family room, 2 car garage, built in caloric kitchen. Plas- tered walls --- Hardwood floors -- full basement. We will finance. ROCKFORD MODEL TR 7-2046 New 3515 AUBURN OFF. W 4-7885 The First 20 Buyers in RECEIVE SOMETHING FOR DAD A GENUINE SKILL WORKBENCH WILL SOMETHING FOR MOM LARGE 12' x 36' REC ROOM --- Finished in Easement ALL FOR ONLY "k Bench Grinder ~ Jig Sow ~r Dri!l ~" Sander ~c Circular Sow ~r Gross Trimmer ALL FOR ONLY HOUSE LOT INCLUDES Everything Included . . . INCLUDES i 3 ," I Nothing Else To Buy! Full Basement With NAME YOUR OWN Includes Fully I[ * Hardwood Floors ~ I Improved Lot . Mo,ch,ng Tr, Through- ,DOWN PAYMENT w,+ The out ~ I Following Improvements I ,I ,0 Cabinets ] $| i (J m I~ e C-ity Sewero City Water,~ o Excelon Tile Kitchen and Bath ~ I ~ ~ . ci,y Gas " I I ~ City Electricityi o 30 Inch Overhang ~ ~ * A3 Blacktop Streets o Picture Windows I a Curb and G ul:t~r TH,S ,s NOT A ,RE-EA8 Public and Private BER u Price of l I j Improved Lot ! OPEN HOUSE DAILY II {[ DIRECTIONS: II ~-" North on Alpine ~ Cross Highwoy[I 9 A.M. ,o 9 P.M. REACH 173 to Maple Ave. Fallow Signs II TR 7-2549 (St. Bridget s Parish) '-- EX. 9-2045 / and change. It is quite possible that in other living beings this process might be realized in ways different from those which come to our attention. Accordingly, the principles of the moral law which are based on human nature as it physically exists would be different from rational animals with physical constitutions different from our own. THE RATIONAl;, ANIMALS who inhabit this world are social, that is to say, they are meant to associate with one another in the exercise of their natural functions. Much of our natural law morality is based on the social nature of man and on the rela- tion between individual men and the society into which they are born. Social morality, like individual morality, is .founded on the permanent and stable circumstances of human life which underlie the accidental modifications proper to each locality and epoch. Here too, the natural morality of hypothetical rational ani- mals of other worlds would manifest differences from our own over a wide area. It is not necessary, that rational animals be social, as we are. It is conceivable that they might be completely independent of one another, or that their social relationships, if they did exist, would be of a nature quite different from those which prevail among ourselves. Q. WOULD THE CHURCH'S MISSION EXTEND TO IN- HABITANTS OF WORLDS OTHER THAN OUR OWN? A. To this question we can answer only that we do not know. Everything that we know about the Church implies the assump- human race beyond that of dependence on the same Creator and participation in the Creator's highest perfection o intellect and will. If the h~pothetical inhabitants of other worlds would be mem, bars of the human race, the mission of the Church would ex- tend to them as it does to us. If they are not? Some theologian who are impressed,by the transcendant magnificence of the my.' tory of the Incarnation 'suggest that it is unthinkable that could not have created many other worlds like our own, and destined their inhabitants to enjoy, no less than ourselves, the infinite merits of God made man. These theologians assert further that it is absurd to think of the vast areas of the uni- verse as uninhabited by rational creatures. IF A SMALL PLANET LIKE the world is inhabited, they say, it ts more than hkely that there are ratmnal creatures, possibly of a higher order even than ourselves, in other parts of the universe. It is thus not unreasonable to suppose, they conclude, that Christ, Who was God as well as man, could sanctify them as well as ourselves, and that the mission of His Church could extend to them no less than to us here below. All this is, however, completely beyond the limits of our pres- ent knowledge of revealed truth. If and when new worlds are actually discovered and opportunity afforded for communicating to their inhabitants, the relations of the Church to them must be considered in the light of what will be known at that future moment. Until then we must view the Church in its mission to the children of Adam as they pass from generation to gen- eration in the world which we actually know. il II NOTRE DAME RD. 3-Bedrooms, 2 Full Baths, Large Lot. 2-Car Garage, Built-ins. Low 20's. NORTH PARK S-Rooms and Both with 2- Car Garage. Easy Terms. ON ROCK RIVER Tri-Level. Carpeting, Built- ins Large Lot $15,900 ROCK RIVER Ventura Blvd. 6 Room with 2 - cargarage.$11,000. Terms. NEW BRICK 4-Plex with 3 rooms Each. Built-ins. Gas Heat. Top In- come. EVES: RAY PEARSON EX 9-3060 DALE BURTON WO 8-6650 HELENE .BURD WO 8-7059 MONTIE SMITH WO 3-$6"~6 RICHARDSON REALTOR WO 5-0964 BLUSHING JUNE BRIDES Eye amorously these wonderful family homes. 3142 ARLINE A two bedroom home that is expondaNe. Neat and trim. Lower teens. 1924 NORTH ROCKTON 4 bedroom home, heat, 2-car garage. gas 1532 DEBORAH Rent with option to buy. Donn Anderson WO 5-1918 Howord Johnson EX 9-3771 Russ Brown WO 8-0408 Now please call WO 8-0408 RUSSELL F. BROWN & ASSOCIATES 61$ Rockford Trust Bldg. WO 8-0408 St. Bernadette's Parish Who wouldn't be proud to own this handsome Ionnon stone rancher on Carney Avenue north of Auburn. Three big bedrooms. Fire- place Breezeway Extra large yard. Priced in the mid twenties. Call Marian Schwab. (Eves. nr Sun. EX 9-5131). Watch Jar this seal. It is proudly displayed by @ Realtors as your assur- ance of competent and dependable real estate service. NEED HOME? ON CASH? We Help Young Couples Become Homeowners Our Trade Program Supplies Homes. Why Rent? Make Headway -- Call, Us Now BOB REALTORS REALTY WO 8-5791 EX 9-1860 JACKSON-KEYE AGENCY, INC. MORTGAGES LOANS LOAN CORRESPONDENT FOR METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. MODERATE INTEREST RATES LONG TERM 325 WOodland 3-9646 EAST STATE STREET ROCKFORD LOTS CAMPUS HILLS Subdivision . . . Lo. cared west of North Main street entering Campus Dr to new Boylan high school. AR lots frilly ira- proved to include sewer, water, gas, street curbs, gutters. Call us now. CAMPUS HILLS Sub.Division Lots. Conveniently located near Boylan High and St. Bernadette's school. Just east of North Towne Shopping Center. Lot sizes range from 50 ft. to 120 ft. frontages with depths of 120 to 176 ft. All lots fully improved. ZIENER AGENCY Rockford Trust Bldg. WO 5-8781 Eves. WO 2.3813 1712 DOUGLAS ST. St. Peter's Parish Well kept older home in the middle teens. 1842 CAMP AVE. St. Peter's Parish Newer bungalow. Priced in the teens. 2930 HANSON ST. St. Edward's Parish Nice bungalow. L o w $10,700 price. WE SELL HOMES :DO' 'r Brick Duplex; N. Rockton Ave. 2 bedrooms, nice living room, beautiful kitchen. Only $~3,- 500 O0. 3 Bedroom Brick bungalow, tile bath, ctose to bus and shop- ping center. Excellent East Side location. $15,700.00. Drive By: Give us O call: 3205 Kishwoukee St. 4 rooms, $E,2SO.00; 280t Horton Street 3 bedroom. $1,000 down; 2923 Pleasant View Ave. $14,900.00 3001 15th Street. 4 room bun- golo~ with extra lot. $7,S00 "-$1300 down. 1112 Kingsley Dr. N. P. 3-bed- room ranch -- this home is immaculate only $500 down on contract. 412 Lincoln Ave. S. W. 4-rm. home, 2-cot garage, only $9500.00. Rudy Gustafson Realty WO 8-3778 Dick Adams EX 9-5151 Ken. Karclell WO 8-1744 These reputable Rock- ford Realtors of Jer our Catholic readers in the Diocese, the finest selec- tion of homes and home- sites in Rockford par- ishes. They are ready to give you honest, per- sonal service. Call them to assist you in buying or selling. Bridgets. Parish Suburban, Living on Forest Hills Rd. Rte. 173 more than '3 acres of I a n d . 3 Bedroom Ranch style. I car att. garage. Rec. room with fireplace. Trees & Per- ennials, I o r g e farm size kitchen. Priced low in middle teens. Call sT. ANGEL Realtors WO 8-9805 Mabel Haynes Evenings WO 475413 / in all pri, rengec These Rocklord Rear, tors Are Pledged To Protect Your Best In. terests. They Are Fully Qualified and Bound by a Strict Code o/ Ethics. Call on Them. t