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Rockford, Illinois
June 9, 1961     The Observer
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June 9, 1961

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THE OBSERVER,' PAGE 5- FRIDAY. JUNE 9, 1961 WASHINGTON BACKGROUND on By Norma Krause Herzfeld DISCUSSING A DILEMMA which he acknowledged, and at ~he same time ignored, Pr~ident Kennedy recently lectured the nation's newspaper publishers on the two requirements vital Io our survivah "tbe need for far greater public information; and . . . the need for far greater official secrecy." He suggested that the news media set up some kind of a voluntary censor- ship to protect our military secrets. In his "second" State of lhe Union message to Congress at the end of May he went even further along these lines and included in the list of "sacrifices" Americans could make in 1he national interest the exercise of "self-re- straint" in "spreading military secrets," refer- ring ebviously again to the news media. PUBLISHERS AND EDITORS have reacted in pained surprise, since they say they have not :~enerally devoted themselves to feretting out und publishing military secrets, but only to printing what information is released or "leak- ed" to the press by the Pentagon There are .~ome notable exceptions to this general rule, i owever. One came within a week of the presi- 'ential plea when a New York HEEALD TRIBUNE reporter dug up the Allied contingency plan for the defense of Berlin This was an exce]len~ example of detailed military planning and strategy which must remain secret to be effective and ,hich does not involve the public "need to know." TIlE ADMINISTRATION ltAS FORTUNATELY acted to end such dubious practices as generals and admirals making soeeches threatening Russia with our military might, and to stop the services from "leaking" information in an effort to damage a rival service or weapons system. It is attempting fur- ther, however, to curb what seems to be legitimate information . Bishop Deplores Student Cheating SPRINGFIELD, Me. --(NC)-- A bishop here deplored the Un in lic aln about the U. S. military machine which the public needs to, know. Secretary of Defense McNamara expressed doubts, for i instance, about the Nike-Zeus missile system at one of his early~ appearances before Congress This testimony was made pub- lic. More recently he said, "Why should we tell Russia that the Zeus developments may not ne satisfactory? What we ought to be saying is that we have the most perfect anti-ICBM system that the human mind will ever devise. Instead, the public do- main is already full of statements that the Zeus may not be satisfactory, that it has deficiencies. I think it is absurd to re- lease that kind of information for the public." THE PUBLIC MAY NOT BE a very good judge of a parti- cular weapons system, but it has to get some idea of the state of its defense system, and it won't get it by merely receiving official assurances that we have the best the human mind can devise Unfortunately, Russia gets the idea and the information, too. That is the dilemma of the open society. On balance, it seems that a free society can only move and survive if it has a certain amount of authentic military information. THE BEST EXAMPLE, moreover, is supplied by the recent presidential election when one of the biggest issues raised by l Kennedy was the defense issue and the lack of information[ being given to the public. Kennedy then attacked "the soothing syrup fed to anxious Americans'" and "the silencing of critics " The Democrats quoted Generals Ridgeway, Gavin, Taylor, Me- darts, White and a host of other critics of our defense policies. THE PUBLIC WAS DISTURBED seriously enough to vote them into office. Now, however, they wish in turn to silence criticism. But what has criticism done Ior us now? It is chang- ing our defense policies, and: there is general agreement that they were very much in need of changing. Early in 1960 there was a crisis in U. S. military policy. Two successive Defense Secretaries said there would be a missile gap. Air Force General White said the SWa~egic Air Command! needed an airborne alert. Army General Lemnitzer said the Army was hopelessly unprepared for emergency airlifting in limited war situations and way behind in modernization. Ad- miral Burke said the Navy needed more Polaris submarines. General Shoup said the Marines were not prepared for much of a conflict. Wernher yon Braun and General Medaris said the U. S. was not making the necessary space effort involve itself in "preliminary" operations, guerilla warfare and subversion en which it seems about to embark. (Copyright, 1961 The Catholic Reporter) Here's More About Reading Continued from page 3 A Second Merit badge was granted to those who read 36 additional books from these nine categories. One thousand two hundred children received this Second Merit badge for having read 72 books. Top Awards For the gifted student who read 36 additional book,~, or a total of 108 books a Certificate of Merit was awarded from the Diocesan Bureau of Education. We are happy to note that 397 children received these certifi- cates. Some children on the elemen- tary school level have a s~.rong desire to be outstanding, and fo these children wlm r e a d more than 108 books, a special award was sent, a rosary bless- ed by the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane. Two hundred twenty-six children received these coveted rosaries. Reports from the schools in- dicate that most children read more books than they would normally have done, even if they did not complete report- badge. A total of 478 awards were merited by t h e pupils, signifying that in Saint Berna- dette School alone, the pupils had read over 17,000 books. Offers Congratulations Throughout t h e schools of the diocese there is a greater realization of the importance of reading. Parents and pupils are becoming more aware of the fact that unless a child c a n read well, he will aways find it very difficult to progress Iar in his education." Recognizing the work of all who cooperated in making the )rogram so successful, Father Wahl said, "Our congratula- tions to Sister M. Celine, O.S.F our Elementary School Super- visor, who organized the pro- gram. Congratulations also to the Sisters and lay teachers in the schools, as well as the par- ents who encouraged their chil- dren, and lastly to the students, themselves, who cooperated wholeheartedly with t he l~ro- gram. Thanks also to the many ~ersons in the public libraries who assisted the children in ob- taining the designated books. One indirect result of the pro- gram, which is definitely worth- while, is the large number of additional books which h a v e ! l~] t sIRI g I1~i Dial WO 3-5409 C0 Inc. 330 S. Wyman Rockford, III. amount of cheating which he THE POLICY CRITICISM MOST FREQUENTLY made wm said goes on in the average ' " ' that the U. S. had let itself be caught with nothing but a nu- Catholic school classz'oomt, clear detelrent ~hieh w " " " I ",' "as Iast necomlng useless Wnlle l~ was Bishop ,f harles H. ~n.elm~mgleompletely unable to fight limited wars which were more likely OI ~prlngllela cape ulrarcteau ,~ ",' to be used G, aifist it around the world . asserted: I would tryto rodeI The Kennedy administration has moved to close the missile 1rein you me cneating tnat nas ~a- -reduce a --nuin ' ~ ,' ,1~ p, p ge e alruorne alert eapaollltV mooernlze me oeen prevalent in our SChOOlS /[Aim-- i-ere h- ~--"-- '-"'~ "~ "" '"- ' " ' " .y,u ~5~te lvlafllleS OUllCi more .t-'olarls suomarmes, would be like some of the stu- incrca th s "o " -' i se e paceeH rI anct aoove all, increase u ~ capaDlll dents a liar " . ' ', " - % ' "ul- " s "ha h i" is flies m me field of hmlted war. Every one of these 'issues" was me aats act a t ug t in th ubli " " ' ' ' ' ' :,': e p c dome,n, figured m public discussion of the U S natural for a child to lie ann defense ostur n ' ' ' p e a a unaouotefliy ngured in the change of cheat, the Bishop wrote in hiS administration which made the change of policies possible. column in the St. Louis Review. He added: "All lies are unnatur- al. There exists no human be- ing more honest than an unspoil- ed child . . . From the first day in the cradle every child should be taught that among the worst sins, one of the most shameful, is lying. And cheating in school i work is one way of lying."J Bishop Helmsing emphasized that the Church, since its earle- est days has taught that lying never is permissible. He said' that cheating in school exams violates the rights of others and hurts the individual himself. IN ORDER TO SERVE YOU BETTER ',HRODT DI . We Have Just Lea.~ed the Building Across the Street from Our i Showroom at 328 South Church (The Old Montgomery Word Warehous. Building). NOW OPEN YES, 100 NEW CHEVS & CORVAIRS ALL CONDITIONED AND READY FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. Yes, We Have Monza's ~2 and 4 Doors---'70O' Corvairs--2 and 4-Doors ~Corvair Wagons--500Series Corvairs with 3 and 4 Speed Powerglide. 'OK' CAR!! There can be little argument that this information has made and wil make the U. S. stronger and less vulnerable, and its derenses more balanced. NO RESPONSIBLE PERSON WANTS military secrets or detailed defense plans to be published in our news media. But it is very important to have public discussion of the large poli- cies of our defense establishment to which we commit so much of our treasure and our trust. One of the issues in this area whic y ough Lto bc d cussed now is h ow ecp y the U. S shaU SHARING OUR TREASURE O el 3 HUG. .EE LOCATIO. NS SUPERMARKET NO ! J SUPERMARKET NO. 3 4 " 2643 I 1TH STREET 01SO. CHURCH ST. I WO 2-3705 WO 3-8425,I NO DOWN PAYMENT 74 'OK' USED CARS I '56 AND OLDER MODELS SUPERMARKET NO. 2 151SKISHWAUKEE ST. WO 5-8681 86 'OK' USED CARS 25 NEW '61' CHEVROLETS 8 1960 DEMONSTRATORS ROCKFORD "'Where You Can "ALWAYS' Be Sure" REV. JOHN A. O'BRIEN, Ph.D. (University of Notre Dame) Do you want to win a soul for Christ? If so, perform some act of kindness. 'It will touch the heart of your friend and prompt him to learn more about a reli- gion which inspires such kind- ness. "By-their fruits," said Jesus, "you shall know them." This is the criterion by which people judge ~he worth of a reli glen. A convert from ;ludatsm Father John M. Oesterreicher CAN YOU MONEY On Any Make or Model :says that most such convert,~ :were started toward the Churcl" i by some cons}derate, friendly, I compassionate;act of a Catholic. The influence of a kindly deed in disposing a person favorably ing upon quite enough to re- ceive a merit badge. Schools Commended The schools are to be corn- mended for the fine spirit of cooperation with which they en- tered into the program. Typical of this cooperation was t h a t shown ,at Saint Mary school in West Brooklyn, where every child in the first four grades received at least the First Mer- it badge. Outstanding a m o n g s t the schools was Saint Bernadette school of Rockford, which had the largest number of winners in the first, third and fourth divisions, and t i e d for first place in the second division. Over half the children in tim I school received the First Merit O ns been placed in the elementary school libraries during the past year. These will be a help to future students. came in every day to see me. Lasting Impression "He .was very kind. .He brought booklets with colored pictures, candy and fruit, and spoke words of cheer and en couragement to me. He was the first Catholic priest I had ever met, and he made a lasting im- pression on me. I looked for- ward with greater eagerness and joy to his visits than' to those of the doctor. "Later on I married Max Wagoner, a student at Purdue university. Max got a job with the Bendix corporation in South Bend, where we settled. Our neighbors, Mr. and Mrs. Mau- rice Bright, turned out to be devout Catholics. When I told Already we are seeing the re- suits of this Reading Merit pro- gram, as well as of the Reading De--nstrations held" this past year, and the standardization of reading texts that h as been adopted in the diocesan schools. The students applyin: for ad- mission to our Catholic h i g h schools this fall generally scor- ed higher in their Spring Achievement tests than those applying last year. We wish to continue to en- c o u r a g e such excellence amongst the children in t h e schools of the Diocese of Rock- ford." ' amil l~ichael was suddenly stricken ill and rushed to the Children's hospital. "I calldd for a priest. Father Edwin Bauer, C.S.C came and baptized Michael. Learning that Father Murphy, C.S.C was starting an Inquiry Class at Holy Cross chr~ch, Max and I enrolled in it. In a kind and friendly manner l~ather explain- ed the foundatior of the Church by Christ, who authorized her to teach all nations in His name. He promised to be with her all days, protecting her from error. Attracted by Sacraments "We were attracted too by the sacraments, especially confes- sion in which one's sins are for- given, and the Holy Eucharist. How wonderful it is to be re- stored to God's friendship and then receive our Eucharistic Lord. No other religion can con- fer such divine gifts upon its members. "Max and I were also im- pressed with the beautiful sym- bolism used in the Church's liturgy. Along with the other members of the class we were baptized and made our first Holy Communion. Joy flooded our souls. Now our eight chil- dren are Catholics and Terry is in the Holy Cross seminary, studying for the priesthood. It all began with the kindness of that hospital chaplain when I was a little girl. Then I first learned that Catholicism is a t o w a r d the lthem how I came to admire the The power Of the priest to par- religion of kindness and love." Church is illus-~]~J~~[Catholic Church because of the don is clearly manifested b'y Father O'Brien will be glad trated in the~~lkindness of that hospital chap- Our Lord, whep He said to the to have converts send their conversion o f [lain, they invited us to Mass Apostles: 'Receive the Holy names and address to him at the Max Wagon-~~ with them at Holy Cross church. Spirit; whose sins you shall for- Notre Dame University, Notre er family of~~~ ~ Son Becomes Ill give, they are forgiven them; Dante Indiana. so he nmy I South Bend. "I ~~i!l "It was a new experience for and whose sins you shall retain, write ap their conversion star- was rearedas mll ! lMax and me. We were impress- they are retained' (John 20:23). ies. !a Protestant in~~J ed by the deep reverence and ~ Lafayette, In-~~[devotion of the worshipers, and! |~ klffl ~1 ~r~ Idiana," related ;::i~::ii we had the feeling that we were tlllt~ ifll ~mwa |,lmw . . 'Wilma J e a n "~:':~ i ' I reauy m me nouse of God. Mrs. i Whitus. 'When JBrlght gave us a praverbook and I was a little girl, ! was taken Jpamphlets, and passed on her ill and brought to St. Elizabeth's J weekly copy of Our Sunday Hospital. The Catholic chaplainJVisttor. Then our young son YOU can bank on the Illinois National in more ways than one! [I on',oc'o,--Sup " II Convenient way to pay bills A CHECKING ACCOUNT Pay utility bills, insurance premiums, charge accounts, other items, without leayiag home or desk! ! i, : : ':!~:~' " i ~~~i::.".~i!::::ii~i~ *~'::i~ ILLINOIS NATIONAL BANK & TRUST CO. South Main at Chestnut Complete banking services: Savings Accounts Checking Accounts" Christmas Club Vacation Club Trust Services Safe Deposit Boxes Home &. Property improvement Loans Personal Loans Auto Loans Installment Loans for any purpose Bank by Mail, postage paid both ways Free Parking while you bank Drive-in Facilities Phone WO 3-343t HEATING AND PLUMBING Air Conditioning Wiring Automatic Sprinklers Power Machinery Car or Truck,Motor Rewinding Sheet Metal Work 602-18 S. Main Dial WO 3-4857 Bob lr . lL z, ync,t Rockford, Illinois I John F. "Jack" Long David L. Klontz Friendly.Personal Service Conveniently Located . Our Modestly Priced Services Are Planned with Devot'ed Care-- "Exclusive Color Photo Permanent Flower Record Free" Long-Klontz Funeral Home 428 Park Ave. Rockford WO 8-2255 ED REYNOLDS' CITY AMBULANCE Rockford's Groat Automobile Dept. Store 3737 E. State St. Ex. 9-0269 We Have Our Own Service Dept. KNABE--LESTER--SOHMER and WURLITZER PIANOS WURLITZER ORGANS (Music's Richest Voice) Used Pianos and Organs Convenient Terms Rich Piano & Organ Co. 330 S. MAIN ST. 221 W. MAIN ST. Rockford WO 8-6101--WO 5.9673 24 Hr. Service Home Oxygen Therapy Experienced, Considerate Attendants The following article is the contents of a letter received recently at this. office from Thomas Cardinal Tien, S. V. D Ar chbishop of Peking and Taipei, Taiwan (Formosa): "Reviewing the problems and progre, ss of the past year, I feel urged to share them with you, hoping to encourage, as well as share, your own mission effort. "We are planning to carry on, somehow, the tremendous work expected of the Church for the four million souls under our care. During my first year here, I have seen a dozen new parishes set up to care for the increasing number of Catholics, now more than 60,000. They urgently require religious education for young and old. Of these, the university students are the object of special care, and the American Jesuits are now building a new large center to meet the needs of students and faculty members alike. Our minor seminary has sixteen stu- dents, and a new building to house one hundred twentY, is well under way; this will be necessary for six classes, of minor seminarians. The new Cathedral of the Im- maculate Conception was consecrated here on May 31, 1961, as a sign of honor to Our Lady whom we beg to guard and guide us in all our work. Our good lay people are being trained, not merely to introduce new converts, but also to join our catechetical program. The Bible is being placed in the homes of all as part of the general religious training. "We had intended, relying on aid from many quarters, to start a General Hospital, another Middle School for boys, a Central Catholic Library and more hostels for stu- dents. However, we still hope to lay the foundation of a 250 bed Catholic Hospital before the year is out. Later, a mlrses' training center must be added. But many problems must first be solved, and the other projects will have to wait their turn." The above letter a little idea of the work the Church is doing in one of the mission fields. Since the donations of these people are practically nothing, its not hard to understand why outside help is needed to bring more of these people to the knowledge of Christ. During this month of the Sacred Heart, please re- member to pray not only for the Holy Father's special intention for the reunion of all those outside the Church, hut also for the missionaries and those charged with the tremendous task of bringing all men closer t9 the Sacred Heart. The Society for the Propagation of the Faith I. 507 Avenue B Sterling, Illinois I am enclosing my personal gift $ for the support of Catholic Missions throughout the world. Name Addr s City + | t (