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Rockford, Illinois
June 2, 1961     The Observer
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June 2, 1961

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PAGE 8 . THE OBSERVER FRIDAY, JUNE 2, 1961 I II I THEOLOGY FOR EVERY MAN e e The uncompromising position of the Church on ~natters of faith and ?norals ~takcs many people regard Catholicism as the enen~y of progress. These same people would wed the Church to conservative principles at all times and would de~y that acade~Mc freedom could ever be entertained by Catholics. The /allowing commentary was prepared at St. John's Semi- nary, Brighto~b Mass. It is repri, tcd ]ram Hie Boston Pilot. Q. WHAT IS MEANT BY ACADEMIC FREEDOM? A. In. general, freedom, from a negative point of yiew, means absence of restraining influence. From this point of view there can be no such thing as complete freedom for any human being. No one can be guaranteed the freedom to say or do anything at all. This would imply the corresponding obligation of both so- ciety as a whole and its individual members never to interfer~ with anyone's freedom. The result would obviously be an fataL. arable condition of social chaos. LIKE EVERY OTHER HUM.%N QUALITY, freedom has a purpose. Men are not endowed with the power of self-determi- nation for their own gratification. They must nse their freedom in the achieving of the immediate and utlimate goals of their human nature. Moreover, from the fact that human beings live in society, it must follow that each individual's right to be free is limited by the similar right of each of his fellow citizens. Hence the social organization, which exists for the preservation of the common good, must restrain the exercise of individua: freedom whenever the common good is threatened by an un- co-operative individual or group. Applying these general principles to the problem at hand, we may define academic freedom as the right to express one's views on academic problems with the greatest possible immunity from censorship or Interference consistent with the require- manes of the common good. HARDLY ANY ONE WOULD QUARREL with this definition in principle; the difficulty arises only when we attempt to de- termine what is the common good, and in what particular cir-! cumstances it is endangered. speak of a common good save to the extent that there is some- thing approaching universal agreement as to what is desirable and what is to be avoided. In other words, the standard accord- ing to which goodness is to be estimated is set by men them- selves, not accepted as imposed by any,absolutely valid princi- sistent with the nature of the medical profession to place the rights of incompetent and unskilled charlatans on the same level with those of its well-trained and successful members. FROM A CATHOLIC POINT OF VIEW some of the claims made in secular euucational circles in the name of academic freedom are completely inadmissible. No Catholic could hold, ples of moralily. According to.this standard, academic freedom for example, as did Justice Holmes, that the best test of the would imply the right to set forth any form of doctrine which power of thought is to get itself accepted in the competition of could not be shown to have immediate consequences which the market. Nor could a Catholic claim for a university professor the universality of men would regard as subversive of their cam- right to teach what everyone else regards as false, or the right tmon interests, to spread teachmgs whose immediate and intended effect is to destroy the foundations of society, simply because he is technical- FROM ANOTHER POINT OF VIEW, what is good is defined ly cornpetene and because he appears to be honest in the pres- as what is morally right, in accordance with principles whose entaHon of his views. validity does not depend on the changing preferences of in- It is unfortunate that, while every one recognizes that limits dividual men, or upon standards of value dictated by immediate- must be placed on academic freedom, these limits must be so ly observable consequences, but upon absolute and changeless vaguely defined. It should be remembered, however, that every truth, as the human intellect discovers it in the welter of its ex- right has a correlative responsibility. The scholar must be dedi- parlance. Those who hold that there is no absolute truth can- cated to the cause of truth. He should not take advantage of his not, of course, arrive at a concept of moral goodness-which position to propagate narrowly conceived eheories which serve would be valid independently of universal acceptance, only to gratify undisciplined pride. He should regard reasonable Those whose philosophy is based on acceptance of truths restraints on academic freedom not as personal affronts, but as which are absolute and changeless, however, must introduce the contribution of society to the true goals of the teaching into their concept of academic freedom the further restriction profession which, like every other human project, requires co- that it is wrong to teach what is false, and they must regard operative effort. those whose academic views are based on a false philosophy of life as no less dangerous than those whose teachings are Q. DOES LIBERAL CATHOLICISM OF THE PRESENT universally recognized as involving attack on the foundations DAY PRESENT A N Y MITIGATION OF T H E CHURCH'S of society. POINT OF VIEW ON THIS AND SIMILAR MATTERS? A. Liberal Catholicism may perhaps be understood as desig- IT IS CLEAR, THEREFORE, that the question of academic hating the honest efforts of some Catholics at the present time to freedom is tributary to the larger question of one's convictions bring the Church into effective contact with existing ,needs. It regarding the fundamental principles of philosophy. In a nation is wrong, however, to think of freedom as something of primary such as ours. whose population is divided on the larger issue, importance, and to think of the teachings of Catholicism as see- there must inevitably be wide differences cff opinion oa the more ondary in importhnce to the preservation of individual freedom. particular issue of the limits of academic freedom. It is not sur- This is what happens when we forget that freedom is given prising that within the Catholic Church, whose teachings are t~ us by the God Who has founded the Church as the means presented as expressions of absolute truth, restrictions on aca- bf leading men to Himself. We need God's law as the guiding demic freedom .are considerably more extensive than those force of our lives. And we need the authoritative direction of the which prevail in other academic circles. Church to enable us to find answers to doctrinal and moral There are two ways of defining what is good. From on point Q. WHAT SHOULD BE THE POSITION OF CATHOLICS problems on which human authorities have always been in of view, good is defined as that which works out well, or brings ON THE QUESTION OF ACADEMIC FREEDOM? disagreement. :;eiS:ac2:nyt:oio~divisd:ha:r2:;e pF:rt~cult2iSsiP:at:o:: ivi;~ichh~r: nof~nThattthtr~:~h:iC:th ~l:po~n~eO~ot~V:fotrh~h atet~:edOe: TO BE TRULY CATHOLIC is to be both conservative and ;ir:::;recsL~li~;a:: ~h:esO~vt:is?id, t~iTdTl~:,altm:n2ptohsP;i~e~; to express their honestly, formulated opinions on matters that liberal: conservative in faithful adherence to the truth; liberal, ' "" admit of dispute. It means simply that the Catholic Church re: in honest effort to apply the truth to the changing circumstances D~m~p~r~m~Dr~ gards scholarship as the pursuit of truth, and claims the right, of our daily lives. in virtue of its divine foundatmn to pout out mfalhbly those It is inconsistent with the fundamental principles of Catholi- liWIbO'~|~k I V|Wk~," ' " " " cism to hold that all religions are equally good and that each in- ~. deviations from the truth which are related to the fundamental dividual is free to choose his own religion. Catholics must hold ~1 ~ !ii~!)remit 2f 1~ h;~ahididri2ir~t!igli~@~ dhtill ~tt ~a!i;~:e ip2 2!~v waythat to nlYreconciletbeir ChurChehis teachinghaS beenwithfOundedthe principlebY Christ.of freedomThe onlYin i t matters of religion is to hold that it makes no difference what- ] SUPPLIES Ii[[[ & Ollverl Ill OBSERVER CORRESPONDENT and that anon-Catholic religion is, for all pratical purposes, as [ .b, E IllH ==."cOl ill! ~ ever that Christ has elaimed His ehurch to be the true Church, FU E good as a true one. According to this point of view, no one would M MRy |d be bound eo take religion seriously or to regard religion as sig- n ! arian c no s nificant for everyday life. L I dE VJLC0. IIII III IT IS DOUBTFUL THAT EVEN truly religious non-Catholics I ::=-:::: Ill W w" F dFll h'p would goasfarasthis. IVIostnon-Catho]icsseteletheproblem 6 d 707fflarchesano InS or e ows 1 hy denying the exclusive right of the Catholic Church to the religious loyalty of the faithful. This is, after all, the point at I Pho,e WO 3-S977 I[111 Rockford II[I issue. If non-Catholics hold the principle of religious liberty in I IIIII III ROCKFORD--Miss Marianseeking employment with the U~ll[ McReynolds, daughter of Mr.!Afro-American Institute to save good conscience, they are certainly not to be condemned. Pre- cisely for ,this reason, however, Catholics are not to be regard- I lland Mrs. Elwood McReynolds of money for the course," her ', ed as mtolerant or unchan aole ff they regard the prmc]ple of I C :-- All B- ' L ~x list.Peter and Paul parish and mother added, "and also spoke religious liberty, as non-Catholics interpret it, as philosophically I /~tt[VIIlq ~tll rU[l~llU~i ~ lip r s o n a l correspondent on of doing some work in Accra, and theologically untenable. ] ~'~ /~ff[,'t U Africa for THE OBSERVER, Ghana during July and August " , ~lsnwauKee umry-rrompt-t.ourreous i/ha~ won a Ford Foundation fel- : " i - - ~t" t I| ~ - zeaenmg ]n r~germ J Vr,vtr-aqlesmen.gehver.Oo! /mna s. |Ilowship in the field of African Mrs McReynolds said the I finest ~rode A Milk & Dairy Proaucts in ~,| I]studies, according to the State next letter from her dat'ghter | your parish. Safeguarded by [~'~1 I I] Departments' Office of Educa- should find Marian in much bet- ] Modern SanJtary Equipment. ~ ~ It tional Exchange. ter spirits if she has heard aboutGuide for News Items I ~/~/'~*~ II Miss McReynolds, who has the scholarship. I Vleuwall t~ .AIDV ~ Ilbeen teaehing in West Africa for Mts$ McReyn01ds has been Sent to theu. c Lerv r I Ili~l I lieu %LL IIJ~l Eli "'% I~the p a s t two teaching at Marymount, a girls' I Ilyears will put- college in Agbor Nigeria, since I m.i.unagren E.L Donz; I~ ~" ' I GRADE "A" MILK, CREAM AND DAIRY PRODUCTS I/suener stun)as going to Africa in August, 1959 Thefollowing suggestions are to help publicity I' rhone WO 4-9Y21 ROCKFORD ~tll t.aro|,ne -:~r. lit/a~ mascon uni-, under the Afro-American Insti- chairmen and anyone interested in handling news ',u vers]ty, . u n ,a e r tute's Teacher Placement ,Serv- items and insuring their publication in the Ob- the foundation's ice. FOR FINE FOOD Troxel Knows Steaks Chicken Seafood 805 E. State Rockford 1 15 N. Church Lerle Porkin9 Area Air Conditioned hopel A PERSONALIZED SERVICE A Now Location, More Thnn 45 Years Experiencea :~:: Service FITZGERALD FUNERAL HOME Frank R. Fitzgerald Robert 14. Fifzgoreld 3600 N. RockEon Ave. ~ Rockford 3 Blocks North of 14alsted Rd. ~ we 5"4643 Best Values Always COMPLETE STOCKS "~ Liqueurs i~ Wines Cordials Beer and Ale Over 40 Different Imported Beers and Wines CENTRAL PARK DRIVE-IN LIQUOR STORE 3S23 Auburn St.----Rockford f o r e i g n area !!:: training p r o - gram. Spirits Low e r mother said of the news last week, "I'm so thrilled. Marian had been feeling badly about not hearing the results of the scholarship ap- plication, according to her last letter, and she even expressed the opinion that she had not seemed to make much of an im- pression at the interview for the ~ fellowship. i[ "She's been accepted by Bos- I~ton University, but she felt that ]~she could ~0ot begin her studies l/for financial reasons unless the ]]scholarship came through. l/ "Marian has been constderin Miss McReynolds graduated from Muldoon high school here in 1955 and from Rosary college, River Forest, with a bachelor of arts degree in history. Accomplished Pianist She is well-known to readers of THE OBSERVER for her ar- ticles on Africa and also for a series of articles on South Amer- ica written in 1956 when she was there on a good will mis- sion as a representative of the National Students Assn. (NSA). Miss McReynolds is also widely known in the area as a talented pianist who played for Rockford college concerts, radio programs, and Mendclsohn club programs. In fact, she entered Rosary college with a ~ausic scholarship. IN ORDER TO SERVE YOU BETTER server. The essentiai requirements for all stories are the answers to these basic questions: Who, What, Where, Why, When and How. Any additional and more detailed information of importance to the story should also be included. In reporting names of persons please use the full name of each individual for proper and complete identification. News stories published before an event are of greater value to the newspaper, the subscribers and Lthe organizations involved than a story after the event. Pictures are of special value, and 8 x 10 prints are the most desirable. Polaroid photos and snap- shots cannot be used. Deadline for items is: MONDAY AT 5 P.M. of the week that the paper is published. This means that all items must be in the offices of the Observer by MONDAY AT 5 P.M. All copy should be sent to: The Observer, Edi- torial Dept 1260 N. Church St Rockford, Ill. We Have Just Leased the Building Across the Street from Our Showroom at 328 South Church {The Old MontDomery Ward Warehouse BuildlnD). NOW OPEN YES, 100 NEW (HEVS & CORVAIRS ALL CONDITIONED AND READY FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. Yes, We Have Monzo's ---2 and 4 Doors--'700' Corvoirs--2 and 4-Doors --.Co|voir Wagons--SO0 Series Corveirs with 3 and ~ Speed Powerglide. I" II II II II I II CAR!! 3 HUGE LOCATIONS LOW gRADES? Poor Reading Habits May Be Your Trouble/ MOREOVER, CATHOLICS WOULD not be honest with them- selves and with their non-Catholic friends if, having assented to the teaching that the Catholic Church has been founded by Christ and is ehe only true Church, they were to minimize the logical consequences of their belief. It is impossible for Catho- lics to hold with non-Catholics, that man has been left free by God in the choice of religious affiliation. Any Catholic who would seriously defend this teaching would be both heretical and dishonest. THIS DOES NOT MEAN, HOWEVER, that Catholics must ~rofess enmity towards non-Catholics. The law of charity which Christ Himself has imposed upon all men, regardless of their religious affiliation, is ehe first and greatest commandment. Nor are Catholics bound to deny to non-Catholics the right to re- ligious freedom which is guaranteed to them by the laws of slate governments. It is a teaching of the Catholic Church that all men have the right and the duty to follow their consciences in matters of religion. In rejecting the principle of religious in- differentism Catholics do not deny the right of all men to be free in their choice of religious affiliation. As guaranteed by state laws, the right to religious freedom is a necessary re- quirement of the common good. i In a society in which people of all religious beliefs must wc together Catholics cannot be justified in forcing their religious beliefs on those who are not prepared to assent to them volun- tarily and with conviction of their objective truth. THE CHURCH'S OFFICIAL ATTITUDE towards forced con- versions has always been one of disapproval. Catholics are bound to live in peace with their non-Catholic neighbors. We must of course oppose any effort of the state to restrict the di- vinely indicated rights of the Cl~rch, but we must not be un- charitable or intolerant towards non-Catholics. If the Church's teaching in this matter is consistently observed, non-Catholics will have no reason to complain. Catholics will win the re- spect of their non-Catholic neighbors by honestly Iollowing ioue the implications of the truths to which they give con- scientious assent. TV Series First Communion ERIE -- Fourteen boysand Vlg')'ll~e ~hlt",et girls of St. Ambrose parish re- ~,~.~./o xJt~t~o~, ceived Holy Communmn for the first time May 14 They a r e rorrralts ol t.nrlsl) a serle~ ';22 lot six talks -- th- ~- : ~teven nauard, teddy braun, UII ~ llU/lli:lllJ, b,y ~:[IlU ' . Joe DePauw Joy DeSutter R~- personality of Christ will be pre- . ' ' , I . ' ta Lamow Lmda .~dwaros seated startmg Sunday, June 4 ,' ' I ' ~ . . ' rlelen l-ilCK~ IVlellSSa Dr,gnt- on the Sacred Leart televlsmn ~'. ~, " ,~ ~. man uvntnla ~OSSley rtlLa r program via, t.nan- ; .~ . .:;' i . t' ssley:ernandal~ICOUrte, :net 1.~ a~ O:ID a.m. ,~ ; , ; ' ILctcne lVlcL%enna, V1CKle DtUDDS ] The Rev. Eugene P. Murphy, and Ronnie Sibley. :S.J.director of the program-"e "* [ "~ " i. ' . . . /~i[ rMass Dreaglas~ was :since Its inception 22 years ago rv^.~ ;n ,~.^ ~t ,~t. .~ : wul Dethe nrst speaker in tne ro m ' " o tothe Fwst Commum- ~serles. rlls ~oplc wul oe '~nrlsE nt n ~ "' " ~ ~ ca ~ a o tnelr IamllleSDy me human . * .- " mothers of last year s Commu- umer speakers ann meir top- nion class. The Rev. Thomas ics will be" N vill "s " e e L pastor of St, Ambrose, t~nr]s~ ano l-'lanmcle' . . . me -- Rev. Wm. M. Driscoll, S.J of Baltimore. "Christ--His Likes and Loves," the Rev. Francis L. Filas, S.J Director of the Department of i Religion, Loyola university of', Chicago i "Christ s Human Preferences" b5 the Rev. Wm. K. Schwienher, S.J production manager of the Sacred Heart program. "Christ's Way with Sinners," the Rev. Thomas W. Curry, S.J English professor of St. Louis university high school. "ChriSt and Poverty," by the Rev. Edward J. 0'Donnell, as- Sistant pastor at St. Gabriel church in St. Louis. Music for the series will be furnished by such outstanding groups as the Roger Wagner Chorale. Little Singers of Paris and-the Lennon Sisters. Start Classes For Spanish Speaking People AURORA--A meeting was held recently in Waldo junior high school to arrange for education- al classes for the Spanish speak- ing people of Aurora. Mr. Green, superintendent of the East side schools was chairman of the meeting which was attended by teachers, priests and Catholic laymen. The first classes will begin Sept. 18. Ten Spanish speaking laymen who have attended American ,high schools will get further academic instruction and will be trained to assist the four teachers in charge. Only 20 oth- er people will be in this first class which will last ten weeks. Then a larger group will be admitted, and this time the trained laymen will' assist. A third and larger class will be admitted after 'another ten weeks, and as the classes grow larger the trained laymen will give more and more assistance. The program always will include civics and language work. Patronize lay it smart with Kay Whitney's 'specially smart culotte just right for under-the-nun-fun in 100% cotton Sanforized chambray . . button-over bias flange topg fitted bodice . . . slim shoulder straps . . . long ~ront zipper . . . contrasting oversize patch pocketS self belt. Ir~ blue only. Sizes 10-18. #UNIIN |ON unbeatable at $598 Owens I Second Floor 112 W. STATE ST. we 5-8481--FREE DELIVERY ENROLL NOW IN OUR Our Advertisers ROCKFORD SUPERMARKET NO. t I SUPERMARKET NO. 3 READING , ," " I,', " H', An1 ,~ r~,v,-ueT I 2643 IITHSTREET I WO 2-3705 IMPROYEMENT" COURSE ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * P, s wo 2,OUR 55 AIIIlI /E t If ,~. ~re Delicious . SUPERMARKET NO. 2 .~is ;s en *xclus;ve, proven prog,em, empIoy|ns tke le~' - 1515 KISHWAuKEE ST. t*~books ~nd tr,ln;ng mecMnes, from whlck thousands ef lY~ ~ ~,M wo s-86,tod n YOU. li* Come in ond help US celebrate I glt ""'c'"i'n" ,6 'OK' USED CARS - I * (L-l[ our 5th year. Large Selection of Spring , 25 NEW '61' CHEVRoLETS LEARN NEW STUDY METNOD, ' Tast Fish Menu~ " 8 1960 DEMONSTRATORS DEVELOP BETTER COMPREHENSION . Fe, Friday-~Take Heine BACHRODT CHE ,~l~ & Summer,Dresses -- Coats- . L0U .OUR ELL,N. AND VO *,U A.V It, Playsuits --- Sunsuits. . R dy 'rR )LET ,ow .o II t~I) Balloons ]or the Kiddie, WEL( ' EESE HUT ROCKFORD LEARN NEW READING METHOD, ~,'". ~'~' REGISTER FOR FREE G1ET 3131 AUBURN ST. ROCKFORD WO 3-0946 "IVhere You Can 'ALff/AYS' Be Sure",: ' ' / SATURDAY MORNIN OR AFTERNOON CLASSES I * CERTIF1C %TE - J FOR JUNIOR & SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS J :" le * NEXT CLASS BEGINS JUNE 12 ] * DIAMONDS WATCHES Shoemakers /or I :ome m noW, snd see our new camp tc . I " selection of Spring and Summer Dresses. ~" SILVERWARE COSTUME JEWELRY Four Generations,tt -W,o,~.e le to, c pt ~,t, - II1~ (:oatS,and PloyPllysuitS'Clothes.Sunsuits snd Dress up ~)~ ,"-" Dwyer & Anderson ' Programs for Achievement in Read;rig" li* ~e Specialize in First Communion ~ ~. II Nativity Outfits "I t: NU NU Jewelry Store o~ Distinction SHOESERVICE Ill N. MAIN ST.we 3-2122 ROCKFORD Rockford Rockford School of I[:* INFANTS TO PRE-TEENS,* Office Ol~n Daily g tO 5 InDl. Sat. .~ CHUBBIES ~- HUSKIES tx~ Rockford PIozo EX 9-1714 205 N. Church St. 319 W. Jefferson St. we 4-9459 ' Open Evenints Till 9 A Agnes K. Dwyer .#