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May 20, 1937     The Observer
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Hear Catholic News on the Radio Listen to the Catholic News Broadcast from The Witness and The Observer every Wednesday, 4:45 to 5:15 p. r On the Station WKBB Columbia College Hour (1500 Kc) MAY 20, 1937 - / I [The Note Ill|lJI Book 00IwvaNT American Catholics O The Proper Names for the Parties to the Spanish Civil War Hilaire Belloc knows Amer- ica. He has traveled it and sur- veyed it from end to end. His wife was an American. He has relatives here. He visits us fre- quently. Writing from here to G. K.'s Weekly of which he is editor, this great writer and his- torian makes the following in- teresting appraisal of American Catholicism : rhilo the mass of opinion is (in a very mild way) on the side of Val- encia, because it identifies Valencia with something called "Democracy"; yet there is an important minority on the other side, and this minority feels very strongly indeed. It is mainly composed of the large, well organized and effective Catholic body. Here is a phenom- enon for which there is no parallel in England. The members of that body over here deplore its lack of outline; its penumbra of half-prac- ticing or non-practicing and a much larger belt of completely indifferent, including those who have lost all touch with their ancestral religion. But if you look at the matter the other way around and consider the Catholic body in America compared with the Catholic body in any other Protestant country, its homogeneity and discipline are very remarkable, as is the necessary consequent effect it has upon society as a whole. We go today by statistics, and the ques- tion is often asked what proportion numerically .this body bears to the whole of the American people The answers to that question are var- ious. The one which seems bestes- tablished puts it at about one-fifth of. the whole white population (the colored population is nearly all Prot- estant in religion). But the effect of Catholicism here is much more than the effect of mere numbers, for as I have said elsewhere it is the effect of something positive and hard act- ing in the midst of a spiritual med-] ium increasingly uncertain and [ vague. 4 The proper names for the sides in the Spanish Civil \\;Vat are, of course, traitors respec- tively and patriots. The miscall- :d loyalists are precisely not hat; they are the traitors; the (Continued on page 5, column 4) PRIEST SALVAGED MANY FAMILIES r p Co-operative Colony Proves Success Villanova, Pa.--Writing in the June issue of The Christian Front, a Canadian priest, describes the suc- cess of the cooperative colony found- ed by a Father McGoes" at Mt. St. Francis, located at King, Ontario. "Mt. St. Francis," the article states, "is an experiment in cooper- ative living. It began with the co- operation of the ecclesiastical and municipal authorities. As the dio- cese had no land fdnd with which to start the settlement, Father Mc- Goey went to the City Council with the proposal that each family he took to the country should continue to receive its relief allowance for two years. That sum would be sufficient to support the colonists during their! year of training. "The men spent their "first year working the original farm as a cooperative enterprise, each one taking his turn ... fitting his mind and body for the new work. The wives were taught to sew, can, budget their income to feed a fam- ily of five or six with new-found appetites. The first year was a trying one for many. Yet In all only two families out of 43 have returned to the city." "There is no colonist to whom Mt. St. Francis has not meant a fuller life," the articles goes on. "In time, the developments of the arts will bring a culture more valuable than that gained by passive assistance at a city concert or lecture-. The fact i that several colonists have refused an opportunity to return to old jobs] in the city is an indication that 4 life on the land in a cooperative I colony offers attractions with which neither the crowded city slums nor the isolated life of the average in- dividual farmer can compete." S p i r i t u al Privileges Granted U.S. Dioceses For Birthda__y of Pope Washlngton.--Special privileges CHRISTIANS OF GERMANY IN 'UNITED FRONT' Catholi c s, Protestants Combine to Fight Nazis (Special Correspondence. N.C.V.C. News Service) Amsterdam, May 10.--In the facQ of the Nazi onslaught against Chris- tianity, Protestants and Catholics in Germany instinctively seem to be closing their ranks so they may face the enemy in a united Christian front, observers here state. It is too early to draw conclu- sions from this indicative trend, it was pointed out, but considerable interest was aroused outside of Ger- many by remarks made by the Most Rev. Clemens August Count yon Ga- len, Bishop of Muenster, Westphalia, who said in a recent sermon that "We must face the enemies of Christ in true comradeship with our Protestantant German brethren who profess the faith in the divinity of Jesus Christ, such as ZoeHner and Dibelius." Unswerving Loyalty Likewise the Rev. Rupert Mayer, S.J., of Munich, one of the best known and most highly respected members of the Society of Jesus in Germany, said in a sermon in Berch- tesgaden, Bavaria, the residence of Chancellor Hitler when he is not in Berlin, that "German men pro- fess their faith in Christ with such unswerving loyalty at this juncture as perhaps never before, not only the Catholics, but also the Protest- ants." Father Mayer goes about Germany preaching the Gospel with admirable frankness and courage. He is a war veteran who lost a.leg at the front. Encyclical Still Banned In the meantime the printing es- tablishments in Germany which had been ordered to close down for a week's time by the Nazi police be-: cause they distributed reprints of the Papal Encyclical on Germany were allowed to reopen for business, ut the Encyclical itself remains "verboten" and can be distributed only as "illegal literature' under cov- :er. Many German Protestants are known to have expressed themselves enthusiasticaly about the Encyclical, something truly unheard of in the land of Martin Luther. Names of such Protestant leaders could be mentioned were it not that they might thereby be endangered in their personal safety. After the trawesty of justice per- petrated by the so-called "People's National Winner have been granted for use in all archdioceses and dioceses of the United States for the nation-wide observance in honor of His Holi- ness Pope Plus XI's eightieth birthday, May 31, it is announced at the Apostolic Delegation here today. Every Bishop may impart the Papal Blessing, with a plenary in- dulgence attached, at the Pontifi- cal Mass celebrated on Sunday, May 30, or on Monday, May 31. A plenary indulgence may be gained by all the faithful receiving Holy Communion and praying for the intention of the Holy Father on the 29, the 30, or on any day within the Octave of May 31 on fulfillment of the usual conditions. (Oh00rrurr The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rocl[ord A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CI-IUkCH "You are my voice. I do not" say that you make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few in- deed would be the number of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the Md of the Catholic Press."--Pius XI to C.tholic journalists. VOL. II., NO. 26 RE I{]1 N IN Court" of Berlin, which sentenced Father Joseph Rossaint to eleven years in the penitentiary and two of his fe.ilow priests to five years and five months and two years in the penitentiary, respectively, because the3" had communicated with Com- munists trying to win them over to the Christian faith, a new wave of "immorality trials" was let loose by the Nazi slanderers of the Church. No less than 200 such trials are reported about to be instituted, against more than 1,000 members of the clergy and of religious Orders. Several lay brothers formerly con- nected with Rhineland institutions for the feeble-minded have already been tried, i A secret circular of the Hitler Youth organization published by the Vienna Reichspost reveals that Cath- olic methods are being adopted by the Nazi propagandists to permeate the whole German younger genera- tion with pagan doctrines. These doctrines are to be inculcated "in the most primitive form," the circular says, and all the true values of re- ligion are to be replaced in these teachings by Nazi surrogates to sat- isfy the innermost yearning of the youthful souls while destroying aH Christian traditions. Parish Schools Doomed The parochial schools sadly enough will soon be a thing of the past in Nazi Germany, although ad- ditional surveys undertaken in many Rhineland parishes have conclusive- ly shown that Catholic parents arc overwhelmingly in favor of these schools being maintained. In Munich the Nazi authorities have now decreed that the boys and girls for whom membership in the Hitler Youth is obligatory, that is practicaly the whole younger gener- ation, ar to be relieved of all re- ligious duties on Saturday after- noons and Sundays once a month. MISS HELEN BRANNIGAN AMBOY GIRL GETS NATIONAL AWARD Submits Prize Essay In Rural Contest Rockford.--In the issue of May 6 The Observer announced that the Diocesan winner of first place in Class I in the recent Catholic Rural Life essay contest was Helen Mar- garet Brannigan, 13, an eighth grade pupil of St. Ann's school, Amboy, Ill. It was also announced that Miss Ellen Lauer. 14, high school pupil, also of St. Patrick's parish, AIboy, had won first Diocesan honors in Class II. Now comes a telegram from Rev. James A. Byrnes of St. Paul, na- tional director of Catholic Rural Life, to Rev. William J. Donovan, diocesan superintendent of schools for the Rockford diocese. The tele- gram reads as follows: "I am pleased to announce that National Board of Judges in fourth annual rural essay contest has ILLMSK.OFC. .IN CONVENTION AT ROCKFORD Meeting Called One of Best in State's History Rockford.--Condemnation of Com- munism and discussion of the most effective methods of combatting its influence, featured sessions of the fortieth annual conventiou of Illi- nois Knights of Columbus which was held May 11 and 12 in Rockford. Officers of the state council de- scribed this year's gathering as one of the most enthusiastic and best attended for many ),ears. and were generous in their praise of the elab- orate prepartions made by Bishop Peter J. Muldoon council of Rock- ford, under the direction of Grand Knight Carl Ruesenberg and Ferd Herzog, chairman of convention ar- rangements. 200 From Chicago The convention began informally Monday night with fhe arrival at 10:15 o'clock of the special train (Continued on page 5, column 2) High rCO Hone G00::n Catholic Briton London.--Sir rilfrid Green at the! age of 54 has been appointed Master of the Rolls and is the youngest man in English history to occupy that eminent legal post. He is a Catholic. His rise has been mete)ric. Less than two years ago he was practic- ing at the bar. He was then ap- awarded first national honors in[pointed a member of the Court of grade school classificatiop to splen- [ Appeal without any prefious experi- id essay of Helen Margaret Branni-[ence as a judge of the chancery di- pan of St. Anne's school. Amboy, [vision. Illinois, Diocese of Rockford." ] At Oxford he won almost every The Obsexer xarmlx congratu "" " -" "l prize of the first rank. He serve(i lares Helen u on the reat honor ] P(  1 abroad in the war with dLtinction, that comes to he and takes peas "" returning with British, French and are in re-printing her fine essay in Italian decorations. this issue. It is indeed a great distinction to have won first place among the hun- dreds of bright rural boys and girls who competed in this contest. Her success brings honor not only to her own family and school but to the (Continued on page 2, column 6) Orders Bus Rides For Parish Students New York.--An appeal of voters of Union Free District No. 2 of the town of Hempstead, Long Island, against refusal of the board of edu- cation to provide transportation for pupils of Our Lady of Loretta school has been sustained by Dr. Frank P. Graves, state commissioner of edu- cation. The children may now ride in the buses. Catholic Youth Spelling Champ Omaha, Nebr.--A parochial schoc boy has won the Nebraska state spelling contest, conducted by the Omaha World-Herald. He is Nor- bert Reestman, 13-year-old pupil of St. John Berchman's school, Raeville. Hve Chinese Priests Ordained Hung Kong.--A record was estab- lished in South China when five Chinese priests were ordained at one time for the Hung Kong Vicariate, Lumen Service reports. The cere- mony took place in the Cathedral here. Childhood Friend Of Saint Dies Paris.--The Rev. Leon Royer, O M .I, who died recently in northern France, was a playmate of St. Ther- ese of Lisieux. Semalle, Orne, where the delicate little Therese Martin was sent to be nursed, was the birth- place of Father Royer. He was then 10 years old. Famed 'Drummer Boy Of Chickamauga' Dies San Antonio, Tex.--Major General John L. Clem, U. S. A., retired, faned as the "Drummer Boy of Chickamauga," died here at the age of 86 years. Washington.  Funeral services will be held at St. Matthew's church here Tuesday for Major General John L. Clem. General Clem, who won fame in the Civil war when, at the age of 10, he became known as the "Drummer Boy of Chickamauga," became a convert to the Catholic faith several years ago. Burial will be in Arlington cemetery. A2ter his retirement from the ser- vice in 3915, General Clem made his residence in Washington, where he became a familiar and beloved figure ..... When President Lincoln called for volunteers in 1861, Johnny Clem, then 10 years old tried to enlist in the 3rd Ohio regiment. The officers laughed at him. Undiscouraged, he hid in a baggage ear and rode to the mobilization camp at Covington, Ky., where be attached himsef to the 22nd Miigan infantry and re- fused to lea. His daughter, the former Elizabeth Anne Clem, is a Carmelite nun. PHYSICIAN DIES London. -- Distinguished military i eye specialist, Major-General Sir Michael Thomas Yarr, has died hero at the age of 74. He was a Catholic. In 1895 he became physician to the Crown Prince of Siam and he effect- ed notable reforms in domestic an public hygiene. CONFIRM CONVERT Abbeville, La.--Lady Grace Hen- ore Bromicombe of England, a con- AS POPE PIUS BEGINS HIS VACATION .pon the advice of his physician, His Holiness Pope Plus XI moved to his summer home early this year. He is shown here at the moment of his arrival, May 1, at Castel Gandolfo, the papal sum- mer villa. The Holy Father alp, pears on the balcony of the resi- dence to acknowledge the greet, ing, of the school children below and to give them his blessing. Belgium's Premier Called Most Promising European Paul Van zee'land, who a few short years ago was teaching law in the Catholic University of Louvain, ig hailed as the "White Hope of Eur- opean democracy" in its battle with Communist, Fascist, and Nazi dic- tatorships, according to a recent article by Frederick T. Birchall in the New York Times Magazine. Van Zeeland, Prime Minister of Belgium, recently stepped down from that position momentarily to engage in single combat, Leon Degrelle, Rex- ist leader, at the ballot box. Van Zeeland, no politician, easily bested Degrelle, whose Rexist party has I strong Fascist tendencies. According to Birchall, Van Zeeland is the most promising among the younger European politicians, large- ly because his experience has been I truly international: he has had many vert from Anglicanism, was confirm-[dealings with the League of Nations ed in St. Mary Magdalen Church land is an authority, academic and here by the Most Rev. Jules B. Jean- ] practical, on international finance mard, Bishop of Lafayette. and banking. Birchall says that She was traveling with relatives[ Premier Colijn of Holland, another through the Evangeline country of able member of the newer Europ- Southwe.t Louisiana and received ean political group, is too provincial her First Communion at New Iberia in experience. Stanley Baldwin, rep- the day before she was confirmed, re.enting the old school, has admit- Catholic Book Club Makes Choice New York.--"Leo XIII and Our Times," by Rene Fulop-Miller. a non- Catholic, is the May selection of the Catholic Book club. Fulop-Miller is also well known for his biography of Lenin and his history of the Jesuits. ted that he doesn't understand all these new political movements. Coming to U. S. Van Zeeland. who studied at Princeton university, has announced that he will soon visit President Roosevelt in Washington. The activities of Belgium's prem- ier are the suhjet of an interesting article by Geoffrey Fraser, in the Chicago Herald Examiner, Sunday, MOTHER OF MANKIND HONORED The Most Rev. Michael J. Curley. Archbishop of Baltimore, phote- graphed at the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, on the campus of the Catholic University of America, Washington, following the dedicatmn of a statue of "Mary, Mother of Mankind," the gift of Justice Philip A. Brennan and Mrs. Brennan of New York City. Left to right: Mrs. Harry Eversfieid Donohue of New York, wife of th sculptor and model for the statue; Mrs. Brennan, Archbishop Curley and ]r. Donohu The atatue was unveiled on "Mary's Day," 00l:atesman May 16. The article is copyrighted by the American Newspapers, Inc. Was Seventh Child Paul Van Zeeland was the seve,nth son of a French-speaking Belgian family. His father was a druggist whose main stock in trade consisted of syrups and candies. Young Paul was educated at St. Vincet's col- lege, run by the Benedictines, and at the Catholic University of Lou- vain. After fighting for five months in the Belgian army during the war he was captured by the Germans. I Shows Physical Courage "His first care in captivity was to learn German; his second, to try and escape. He was caught, however, and sentenced to several weeks' soli- tary cell confinement," writes Mr. Fraser. "Nothing daunted, he broke loose again. Again he was captured, and this time was sent as punishment to a prison gas factory near Stuttgart. " 'We had to work hard ten hours a day, and the slightest slackening was punished by volleys of blows from our guards. Our only food was some evil smelling bread and a so- called soup- lukewarm water in which small pieces of potatoes could occasionally be seen floating about ' " Studies U. S. Money Problem The war over, he resumed his stud- ies at Louvain and won a schola ship in economics at Princeton uni- versity where he wrote his thesis on the complicated business of Ameri- can currency. Returning to" Belgium he entered the employment of the National BanL and didn't hide his light un- der a bushel. On the contrary his ability was speedily recognized and he became a Belgian representative at post-war economic and repara- tions conferences. In Geneva, Gen- oa, the Hague, and Basle he met the leading diplomats and bankers of Europe. He found them a stupid and ignorant lot. especially in econ- omic and financial affairs. Foretold Depression "The first time. I met Paul Van Zeeland was at the end of 192S at one of these economic parleys," writes Mr. Fraser "In the hall o an hotel some of us were discussing the boom. At that time everybody felt himself to be riding on the crest of a wave that was never coming to an end. The. quiet, obscure Bel- gian expert smiled and said: "'You wait and see. In a few months you will see the biggest and most sudden slump in his- tory. And it will start in Wall Street'." October, 1929. in rall Street prov- ed Van Zeeland was correct. App0intcd to the Belgian cabinet in 1934, he resigned because the old- (Continned on page 4, column 2) Correspondent 1: s How Reds Ctu,:lfied Youln "I saw a boy in his 'teens crucified on a cross within the quiet walls of a church--a cross from which the figure of the Savior had been torn to make a place for the living sac- rifice," declares Jane Anderson, American war correspondent in the first of a series of five articles which she has written for American News- papers, Inc. The series started Sun- day, May 16. Miss Anderson is the wife of the Spanish Marquise Eduardo de Cien- fuegos, whom she married in 1934, A native of Atlanta, Ca., she has cov- ered European wars and peace-time activities since 1914. She was ar- rested by the Communists, held in prison for 43 days, and finally re- leased through American influence. Before her arrest she covered the Spanish civil war in Madrid, Malaga, Valencia, Barcelona and other cities. In her first article she writes: "I saw a little flower girl stabbed NON-CATHOLICS DEPLORE LACK OF TRAINING Suggest Plans to Teach Religion In Pub- lic Schools Editor's Note--Non-Catholic edu- cational authorities are realizing more and more the urgent neces- sity of teaching religion in the schools. Last week we published an editorial from The Christian Century, non-denominational Pro- testant religious journal, which virtually declared tfiat Protestant- ism's failure to provide religious school may mean the decay of Protestantism. All of which is a rather tardy recognition of the wisdom of the Catholic Church in founding and supporting its own schools. Attempts to provide religious edu- cation in the pu])lic schools are re- corded in a number of news stories sent to this paper by the ne's ser- vice of the National Conference of Jews and Christians. IN RHODE ISLAND Providence, R. I. -- (NCJC) -- A commission to study the proposal-- and if possible to present a plan-- for introducing religious instruction in the public schools of Rhode Is- land will be appointed by Dr. James F. Rockett, state director of educa- tion. as the resnlt of an informal confevence of Catholic, Jewish and Protestant leaders, at the Rhode Is- land College of Education, yesterday. "Our children need religion but they don't get it." said Dr. Rockett. "The Sunday school went out with the kerosene lamp." : The 14-Hour Year I John Davidson, elder of Second Presbyterian church, Harris avenue, related how an experiment in relig- ious instruction had been tried in 54 schools with 2000 pupils some 14 years ago but had failed because of the lack of trained teachers. "Only one child in three receives religious instructions," he said. "If you take. out the time for opening tnd closing exercises, vacations, etc., the average Protestant church school gives the pupil only 14 hours of in- struction a year." VITAL PROBLEM Brooklyn, N. Y. -- (NCJC) -- The question of religious education is one of the most vital problems faced by the community and the church today, an audience of several thou- sand persons was told yesterday af- ternoon by Dr. Charles Trexler, a former pastor of the church, who was a principal speaker at the dedi- cation ceremonies conducted in con- junction with the opening of the new $125.000 educational building of th Lutheran Church of the Good Shep- herd of this city. READ BIBLE Nashville. Tenn.--tNCJC)--A re- cent survey in this state revealed that the Bible is read in public schools without comment and Bible study course, "without relig- ious or denominational interpreta- tion." is provided for in high schools as part of the literature program. No effort to change these laws has been made at this session of th State Legislature. SYSTEM IN KANSAS Seneca, Kans.--tNCJC)--In Nema- ha. county, a completely Catholic dis- trict, a Catholic pul)lic school teach- er gives religious instruction before classes begin in the morning and after classes have bee dismissed. and strung np to die because she in the afternoon. This arrangement murmured: l has the approval of the County Sup- " 'But it's no crime to believe in ierintendent of Public Instruction. God.' "I saw scores of bodies of men, [ ACTIVE IN NEW YORK women and children who had been l= Albany, N. Y.--A recent survey tn I executed and tossed into the ocean lthi s state reveals that the move- at Valencia. I saw 43 others who!men t to impart religious instruction had been riddled by a firing squad!t o public school pupils is growing. in the center of Madrid. i In many communities, both rural "I heard the radio from MoscoWand urban, the plan has been in bringing orders to the Communist i successful operation for varying per- leaders. "I learned that the Russian over- lords operating in Madrid gave or- ders to bring in 250 civilians a day and kill them as an "example" "I talked with the Russian leader of the enlistment campaign in th seaport of Alicante and I heard him say : "'When we get tlrough the Spain, were going on to Portugal and then to France. EveTything is ready in France. America? " Wgll, America's a tough problem'." PastorScoresClevela nd Chamber of Commerce Cleveland, O. -- Msgr. Joseph F. Smith, pastor of St. John's cathe- dral here, told one of the clinics be- ing conducted by the local Chamber of Commerce that "the day is not far distant when a representative of the employees will sit at the direct- or's table." He condemned the Cham- ber because "it bad been actively and positively fanatical in its oppo- sitiou to union labor." He emphasized the fact hat the Chamber has, "besides assuming the role of guardian of labor, always condemned it for its supposed mis- takes and been ready to prosecute and persecute it without mercy. It has created and maintained a preju- diced public opinion. I suspect re- form that begins by reforming our antagonist. You can get around the Wagner law if you want to. No law can be effective without the co-oper- ation of the people." Msgr. Smith has long been known in this city as a friend of organ- ized labor, i iods of time. Other communities are !now working to bring about the in- 'troduction of such instruction. Dr. T. Basil Young, director of religious education for the stat council of churches, told an N. C, J. C. News Service correspondent that he has received more requests for assistance on this phase of work during the past year than at any time in the past fifteen years. NO EDUCATIONAL FREEDOM Frederick, Md.-- (NCJC)--"Theor- etically we have much freedom i education, but practically there is little freedom for a great majority," declared the Most Rev. John T. Me- Nicholas of Cincinnati, speaking be- fore a crowd of 10,000 persons who gathered here for a solemn Pon- tifical Mass. The occasion was the Archdiocesan Convention of the Catholic Students Mission Crusade. This was his first public statement since the Ohio legislature failed to pass the Waldvogel Parochial School Aid Bill "Those who either approve un- religious schools," he said, "or who have no conscientious judgment whatever about religious training, are provided with free schools for their children, free textbooks and free transportation. Religious-mind. (Continued on page 4, column 6) i