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April 16, 1950     The Observer
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April 16, 1950

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Sunday, April 16, 1950 THE OBSERVER EDITION OF OUR SUNDAY VISITOR News Section--Page 3A J.J. GILBERT Washington --(NC)-- It is pos- sible that the fate of Jerusalem and the tloly Places may yet be decided in this city. It was encouraging that word came during Holy Week that the United Nations Trusteeship Coun- cil, meeting in Geneva, Switzer- land, had given its final approval to a statue for the internationali- zation of Jerusalem. But this was only half the task given that group by the United Nations General As- sembly. The parent group told the Council to draft a statute for the internationalization of Jerusalem and to proceed immediately with its implementation. The Council adopted the statute all right, but adjourned at once without doing anything towards its implementation. It merely insLruct- ed the Council President, Roger Garreau of France, to seek the "full cooperation" of Israel and Jordan in the matter of the statute. Is- rael and Jordan occupied the di- vided City of Jerusalem, and they have given every indication that they want nothing to do with the statute. The question of implementation will come up for consideration in this country. Washington may again become the focal point of pressures and arguments swirling around t h a t question. With- out implementation, the statute for the internationalization of Jerusa- lem can be prevented, the fact that the Council, acting at the direction of the world body, effected a plan for internationalization, would mean little or nothing. It was obvious to those looking on at Geneva, and it could be seen from this distance, too, that the Trusteeship Council was embar- rassed in its work by the position taken by the United States and Great Britain, especially the Unit- ed States. It is true our State l Department said it would go along with the will of the majority in the U. N., which voted for the in- ternationalization of the Jerusa- lem area. But the United States had consistently opposed this plan in the U. N. until the final vote was taken. It has given the ira- ~pression of dragging its foot ever since, thus keeping the rest of the nations from gathering a high mo- mentum. The United States favored the position of Israel that intcrnation-I alization of Jerusalem and its sur- rounding area is "impossible," or[ at least "impractical," or not~in situation. It is a strange thing that the keeping with the "realities" Of the interests of virtually the whole re- ligious world--Christians, Jews and Moslems--in the safety and free- dam of its Holy Places and shrines should have been allowed to be enmeshed in a purely political ar- gument between Israel and the Arab states. It is puzzling that the contentions, however violent and sustained, of two small groups should have been permitted so far , to frustrate the ambitions and longings of so much of the world. To those who argue that, because of this political bickering, it is im- possible to internationalize Jeru- salem and the Holy Places, the an- swer should be obvious: it is pre- cisely because of this division and strife between two forces that the world cannot afford not to inter- nationalize the Holy City and the Holy Places. The fact that a statute for the internationalization of Jerusalem has been adopted is only half the battle, if that. It would be a very i severe blow to world peace for a long time to come if it is not im- plemented-carried into effect. This is obvious from the tremendously adverse effect it would have on the prestige of the United Nations. Wife And Son Baptized Osaka, Japan---(NC)---Four per- sons who are to be baptized here include the wife and son of a Buddhist monk and a professor and a student at the Marianist high school here. II I I. ,m.t, I A.J. ZIMMER | CASE TRACTORS | Tel. $220 Vlqlil, libels li FARM MACHINERY Charles Style Show Two members of the Mount St. Mary Home Economics department who will model in the style show Sunday afternoon are Sophomores: Gayle Leonard, Crystal Lake, and Eileen Himpler, Downers Grove. a IJs, Detroit-- (NC) --Controversy over the First Amendment "has nothing to do with the point at issue in the pending bills on Federal aid to education," His Eminence Edward Cardinal Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit, declared in a statement issued here. Cardinal Mooney also stoutly championed the right of Catholics to speak out on the school aid issue. Noting that the Supreme Court has unheld welfare services to par- aroused assertions or implications ". ~ " have been repeatedly made which oehml school children m the form . . . he rdmal hmde~ rather than helo calm and of bus transportation, t Ca " says that this "patent fact ought clear discussion. to remove the issue of separation of church and state from the pres- ent discussion on Federal aid to education." This discussion, he con- tinues, "centers precisely on the plies to express themselves on this subject, Cardinal Mooney says: "We do not agree with the asser- tion--or the implication--that leg- islators, or anybody else, may le- gitimately resent the interest of church groups in the way those legislators vote on questions that affect members of church groups as citizens." "It is sound Amer- icanism to hold that what is gaod for religion--with no discrimina- tion in favor of or against any church ~roup in comparison with others--~s good for responsible citizenship," the Cardinal asserts. The text of Cardinal Mooney's statement follows: "It seems to me that, to keep the record straight, some observa- tions are pertinent in the after- math of the protracted discus- sions on proposed bills for Feder- al aid to education. "The general intent of these bills is entirely commendable in view of the low standards of education that prevail in many parts of the coun- try and in view of the legitimate interest of the Federal Government in the attainment of fairly equal educational opportunities for all U. S. citizens. The questions they raise will never be solved by in- crimination and recrimination but, only by clear thinking and calm, frank discussion. "In the religious controversy which the question of Federal aid to the Rdueation has unfortunately "As one who is deeply interested in the welfare of 125,000 pupils of Catholic schools in'Southeastern Michigan, I cannot agree with the assertion that the point at issue in present apparent stalemate on Federal Aid Bills under considera- tion-the provision of welfare ser- vices for all American children in i schools they legally attend--has anything to'do with the 'American Doctrine of Separation of Church and State.' "I do not say that all Americans are agreed on what is the 'Amer- ican Doctrine of Separation of Church and State.' That doctrine can be defined only on the basis of the First Amendment to the Constitution: 'Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.' There has been, especially in more recent years, sharp controversy about the exact meaning of the First Amendment. It was only in 1947 that the Su- preme court gave a comprehensive definition of the 'establishment of religion clause' in that amendment, interpreting it to prohibit all aid to religion or religious institutions --even when no discrimination is involved. "That definition has been widely definition stands now as a prae- firm norm of procedure though it is by no means irreversible, as the history of the Supreme Court shows. "But this controversy on the First Amendment which is real and of far-reaching m~l)ort has nothing to do with the ooinl at issue in the pending bills on Federal aid to education. For the very first ruling handed down by the Supreme Court under its ominously extensive and utterly secularist definition of the 'American doctrine of Separation of Church and State' explicitly up- held the legality of giving tax-sul)- ported welfare services--and in so many words, bus transportation-- to the children of parochial as well as of public schools. That patent fact ought to remove the issue of separation of Church and State from the present discussion on l,'ederal aid to education which con- ters precisely on the point of mak- ing the Federal Aid Bill help to provide welfare servicesto all American school children. "Those who are interested in the health and safety of parochial school children cannot agree with the assertion that 'State or Feder- al funds derived from taxes on the public for the benefit of school chil- dren should in principle be expend- ed only through public schools.' We would agree if they said that these funds should be expended only through schools that serve a pub- lic purpose. For parochial and pri- vate schools which are recognized by law as fulfilling the require- ments of compulsory school attend- ance DO serve a public purpose and the people who exercise their constitutional right of educating their children in recognized church- related schools are part of the Dub- lic who pay the taxes. "We do not agree with the as- sertion-or the implication--that legislators, or anybody else, may legitimately resent the interest of church groups in the way those legislators vote on questions that affect members of church groups as citizens. These same legislators do not seem to res6nt the interest of business groups in the way they vote, or of labor groups, or race groups, or secularist-minded educa- tional groups like the National Educational Association. Why, by implication, should members of church groups be disqualified as citizens in the defense of their na- tural and legal rights, when the exercise or suppression of those rights is to be decided by vote*. Certainly we do not want to see Church lines and political lines run pm:allel in the United States. The one sure way to prevent that is for legislators to see that those lines are not drawn parallel in the legislation they propose. "It is sound Americanism to hold that what is good for religion-- with no dis('rimination in favor of or against any church group in coml)arison with others- is good for responsible citizenship; and no American who cherishes his re- ligion as a liersonal and a ('ivic as- set can, in good conscience, fail to make the only means he has at his disposal--his voice and his w)te-- count in the delermination of Am- erican policy. That is the stand which our Catholic principles sup- port, as apl)lied to Church and so- ciety in the conditions that obtain in our country, and 1 hope that the Catholics of this diocese will main- tain that stand in never failing goodwill and fairness to their fel- low-oil izens." ANDREW G, MILLER EXCAVATING AND FARM DRAINAGE All T~pa Bulldozing Work PHONE DUNDEE 815R2 GILBERTS, ILL. Plumbing R. L. WAGNER Silent Automatic Oil Burner~ IRON FIREMAN STOKERS Office S49--Phones---Res. 152 112 Eost Main St. ST. CHARLES COAL & ICE CO. W. H. Parker & Son COAL ICE and WOOD WILL-BURT STOKERS Tel. St. Chorles S7 SALES and SERVICE llth Ave. & G. W. R. a. McCORNACK OIL CO. Distributors TEXACO PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Stations Located At GENEVA BATAVIA ST. CHARLES West Main 215 East Main Igin FUNERAL SERVICE CO. 51-59 Center Street Elgin THIS IS YOUR STATION Battery---Carburetor---Elect ric Service FRANCIS J. ADAMS 280 S. Grove Tel. Elgin 1540 EVERYTHING for the MOTORIST Phones: 2577--2578--1540 Druga THIEL'S DRUG STORE C. J. [HIEL~ R.PH. "The Prescription Store" I 61 Dundee Avenue JEWELRY*DIAMONDS WATCHES-SILVERWA RE ROVELSTAD BROS. Elein'e Reliohle Jeweler8 Since 1883 -- 12~ E. Chicago St ii SHURTLEFF CO. Lumber & Coal MARENGO , ELGIN MAPLE PARK 8ARRINGTON HAP. rLAND -- CAPENTERSVILL| SHURTLEFF SERVICE SATISFIES RAINBO BREAD CO. VAN'S DRUG STORE C. L. VAN DER AUE, R.PH. 14 DOUGLAS AVE.. ELGIN. ILL. PHONE 176 challenged on the grounds' of logic, history, and accepted norms of J000 I~1~ legal interpretation. That challenge ~$~ ~ 16~ was voiced by the Journal of the " Reliable I~ucripfion $~vice American Bar Association and by eminent authorities in constitution- ~~ al law. It was taken up by a group[ J ....... " ofprominent non-Catholic religious I| ..... , Ill Modern Do CO.. IIc. I leaders, and made their own by thel[ .................... [[[ " " " [ Catholic Bishops of the United[I And Know Ill 1"ha hot In I States in their annual statement of, | Ill _..2Z L_-Z_::__. ! November 21, 1948--in which they ;J Who Will Appreciate Ill u~,x~ r~uuu~is I attributed this novel definition to I Ill .... I the influence of secularist theories[| Your Potronoge III Elein 253b I of public education and law. That[ r ~ " ~ --