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April 15, 1945     The Observer
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April 15, 1945
 

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In Two Sections APRIL 15, 1945 (Oh00rrurr OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE ROCKFORD DIOCESE A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH News Sedi0n VOL. X, NO. 2i Bombs Found In Bogota Give Reds Pretext For Attack Archbishop's Statement Condemns "Execrable Act'; Church Exonerated Bogota, April 9, --(NC)-- When El Catolicismo, official weekly of the Archdiocese of Bogota, said that "the whole Colombian Church reproves and condemns" the con- cealing of bombs in the Cathedral as an "odious profanation" and an act that couht be given "perverse interpretations by her enemies," it anticipated the campaign which communism immediately unleash- ed against the Church in this country. On March l0 President Alfonso Lopez, asked the Most Rev. Ismael Perdomo, Archbishop of Bogota and Primate of Colombia, to re- ceive Minister of Interior Antonio Rocha on a very urgent matter. The Minister informed the Arch- bishop that the Government had learned that hundreds of bombs had been hidden in the Cathedral, supposedly for an attack against the Government. He indicated ex- actly where the explosives would be found and asked that the Aux- iliary Bishop of Bogota, the Most }{ev. Emilio da Brigard, accom- pany him to the Basilica. Bombs Hidden Behind Organ The search revealed bombs hid- den behind the organ in the choir nearest the main altar and over the Lady chapel, where the Blessed Sacrament is reserved. Also pres- ent at the investigation were the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Andres Restrelo Saenz, P.A., Dean of the Cathedral and Vicar General of .the Arch- diocese; the Roy. Carlos Bermudez Ortega, Chancellor of the Arch- diocese, and Canon Jorge Angarita Pardo, Chief Sacristan of the Cath- edral. At the insistence of the Dean, the Cathedral .and all its appurtenances were carefully in- spected, but no further discovery was made. Next the Cathedral school, which functions in a nearby building as a dependency of the Archdiocese but under the direction of the Brothers of the Christian Schools, was searched. Astthe result of this investigation a number of nerSons were ordered held, includ- g Brother Gilberto Antonio, who as director of the boys' choir had continuous access to the Cathedral; the Rev. Alvaro Sanchez, distin- guished pulpit orator and writer of this Archdiocese; the Rev. Dan- iel Jordan, pastor )f Cucuta in the Diocese of Pamplona, also a dis- tinguished preacher and writer; the Rev. Julio Ernesto Duarte, a priest of Santander del Norte re siding in Bogota, and Maestro Egisto Giovannettl, an Italian priest who for 15 years has served Continued on page 4, News Sec British Foreign Minister Denies Rumor Vatican Offered Guilty Refuge London, April "9--(NC)--Reply- |ng to a question in'the House of Commons Foreign Minister An- thony Eden stated that there is no foundation for the rumor that the atican has offered asylum to lead- ing war criminals. The question was put by A. Walkden, a Labor member. Mr. Eden replied: "The Vatican vas included in the approach to neutral States in 1943 to which I referred in reply to a question put i)y my honorable friend on Decem- ber 6, when I said that the replies were broadly speaking not satis- factory. "A further inquiry was made of the Vatican on thissubject in Sep- tember last in connection with a certain press report. The reply of the Vatican authorities showed that there was no foundation for the rumor that asylum had been offered to leading war criminals." Bishop Bergen To Address Men His Excellency, the Most Rev. Gerald T. Bergen, D.D., Bishop of Des Moines, will speak at the joint Communion breakfast of the Men's club and Bishop Muldoon Council, Knights of Columbus, following the 9 o'clock Mass at Sts. Peter and Paul church in Rockford Sunday morning, April 15. Muldoon coun- cil, Knights of Columbus, in com- pliance with the wishes of the state chaplain, His Excellency the Most Rev. James A. Griffin, D.D., of Springfield, Ill., will receive Holy Communion for the cause of peace and has invited the members of the Catholic Men's club to he with them on that day. The Men's club had arranged for Bishop Bergen to speak on April 15 and have asked the Bishop to address the combined group. His Excellency, the Most Rev. John J. Boylan, D.D., Bishop of Rockford, will deliver the sermon at the 9 o'clock Mass celebrated by the Rev. Chas. Juzaitis, O.S.A., pastor of SS. Peter and Paul's church, and will introduce Bishop Bergen at the breakfast. Father Juzaitis will act as toastmaster. Jewish Photographer Who Snapped Flag Raising At Iwo Jima Is Convert New York, April 9.m(NC)---Joe Rosenthal, Associated Press photographer whose famous picture of Marines plant- ing the American flag on Mount Suribacki on Iwo Jima, may be reproduced on a postage stamp, is a convert to the Cath- olic Faith. Born in Washington, D.C., 35 years ago, a member of a Jewi.rh family, he was converted& to Catholicism in San Francisco and baptized there on August 19, 1939, in the chapel of Mary's Help Hospital by the Rev. Mark W. Lap- pen, hospital chaplain, under whom he had received instructions. In an interview here, Mr. Rosenthal said that his conversion came through the example of a Catholic family he had met shortly after moving to California in 1930. "They were a big family," he said, "and their faith was so real to each one of them and so much a part of their lives, that I became more and more impressed. Gradu- ally their faith, became more real to me. I knew it was the only one;! and I began to take instructions from Father Lappn, who was their friend." Mr. Rosenthal said he regretted being unable to make another pl(ic- ture on Mount Suribacki at iwo Jima. "Shortly after I snapped the Marines, a Catholic chaplain offer- ed Mass right in the shadow of the newly-raised flag," he said. "I did not know about it until it was over. I wish I could have made a picture of that." The Catholic Institute of the Press here has announced that it will award a plaque to Mr. Rosen- thal for his achievement in photo- graphing the flag raising, which is considered a classic of this war. Cardinal Faulhaber's Residence At Munich Destroyed By Bombs Frankfurt, April 9--(NC)--Hb Eminence the Most Rev. Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber, Archbishop of Munich and Freising, had to leave his episcopal residence in the heart of Munich several weeks ago after it had .become unin- habitable as a result of the heavy air raids on the capital of Bavaria. He now lives at Freising near Munich. According to further in- formation that has become avail- able here through reliable sources the Cardinal's Cathedral Church the famous Frauenkirche, suffered extensive bomb damage, also most of the other churches in Munich. All German Bishops, according to latest information, carry on their activities despite innumerable difficulties. So far, reports state, none of the German Bishops has been forced to leave his diocese. Catholics In Rhineland Held Stronger In Faith Through Suffering Of War Even Many Non-Catholics Look For Guidance Of Church--Hitlerism And Total War Produce Scenes Remindful Of Church's Early Days BY I)R. MAX JORDAN Cologne, April 9.--(By N.C. Radio)--Despite systematic efforts over a l)eriod of twelve years the Nazi regime has not succeeded in uprooting the Christian faith of the German people. This is the conclusiou I have reached after attending the Holy Week and Easter services in various churches of this Rhine metropolis, and as the result of numerous con- Oversations with Catholics through- 'lzvestia' Challenged To Prove Its Charges A gainst '0 sservatore' Vatican City, April 9,--(NC) A challenge to Soviet publications not merely to make but also to prove the serious charges they level against Osservatore Romono, is voiced in on article which has just appeared in the Vatican City newspaper. The article tokes cognizance of on Associated Press dispatch from Moscow qu6ting an I-vestia state- ment to the effect that "the cal- umnious Germonophile articles of assrestore Ramona on so-called Soviet terrorism in Poland, and the silly reports published by the re- actionary American newspapers, the New York World Telegram and the Chicago Tribune, concerning the Bolshcvization of Rumania, all of which are evidently reactionary at- tempts to aid the Nazis and to excite controversies among the United Nations, are regularly ad- vanced in the interest of Democ- racy." Osservotore says of this that it has published news of conditions in Poland in the interest of justice and human rights, referring the re- sponsibility to the previsionary Lublin government. Continuing, the article adds that it was not Osrvotore but Izvestia that mentioned Soviet terrorism, and that if the news published by Osservotore is calumnious, such a charge should be proved, not mere- ly asserted. Osservgtore affirms that public opinion can judge whether or not it is Germonophile and whether it speaks in the in- terests of Democracy. The paper asks Izvestia why it charges Osser- votore with being reactionary, Ger- manophile and anti-Democratic without even once citing texts ob- jectively to support such chorge's. out the Rhineland. Even though many churches are destroyed, many others severely damaged and most other Catholic institutions, such as schools, hos- )itals and orphanages, suffered heavily, there can be no question that today the Catholic Church remains the only organized relig- ious force in a battered Germany. Catholics are following the leader- shi t) of their Bishops more fer- vently than ever, and many non- Catholics look for the guidance of the Church in the midst of the appalling chaos and confusion Hit- ler's t,)ttering "Third Reich" leaves behind. In this city, .which has been fre- quently called the "German Rome," it is not easy to find places of Catholic worship, simply because nmst churches and buihtings are in ruins or completely burned out. But many pastors found ways to meet the emergency. In the par- ishes of St. Gereon and St. Ursula, for instance, the crypts under- neath the wrecked church struct- ures are hcing used. In other par- ishes, sacristies or nearby offices and apartments that escaped des- truction are fitted out for over- crowded services. Reminded Of Early Christians The fervor of these congrega- tions, who have gone through the ordeal of six years of Hitlerism and almost six years of total war, remind the observer of the exper- mnces reported by the early Chris- tians. It was during air raids par- ticularly that the faith of these harassed Catholics revived with an intensity that is difficult to be ap- preciated by those accustomed to normal church life. Confined for many hours in un- derground shelters, reciting pray- ers while exposed to the constant danger of death, prayers that sprang from deep anxiety and suf- fering, prayers that united all in a true spirit of Christian brother- hood, these Catholics came to real- Continued on page 4, News See. ON CHAPLAINS' HONOR ROLL Roy. Elwln J. Bina, O. F. M. (left), of Cleveland, 13. S. Navy Chap- lain reported missing March 20 in an airplane flight from Adak to Tangs, in the Aleutian Islands, where he planned to celebrate Mass for Navy personnel. Rev. Clarence A. Vincent, C. SS. R. (right), of San Francisco, Army Chaplain reported killed hl aoUon, March