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Rockford, Illinois
March 31, 1961     The Observer
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March 31, 1961

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B~~Father John Ryan IS IT A SIN TO COME LATE FOR MASS ON SUNDAY? IF SO HOW SERIOUS IS THE SIN? The obligation of assisting at Mass on Sundays and Hold- days of Obligation is imposed under the pain of serious sin. The obligation extends not only to the principal parts of the Mass, but to the entire Mass, from beginning to end. A person must be considered as having been absent from Mass and so guilty of serious sin, not only if he remains away entirely, but if he misses any considerable part of the Mass. It is Seriously wrong to miss even a part of the'Mass which is of, short duration, but which is closely con- nected with the Holy Sacrifice. It would be to no purpose to attempt a mathema- tical calculation of the point at which tardiness for Mass or premature depar- ture from Mass would cease to be only a venial sin and become a mortal sin. It is obvious that a person who, even through his own fault, misses a moment or two a~ the beginning or the end of the Mass is not guilty of mortal sin. It is equally ob- vious that a person who, for no sufficient reason, arrives at Mass after the Gospel and leaves be- fore the priest's communion, has missed enough of the Mass to be guilty of a serious sin. What is more important, however, is the obligation of making every reasonable effort to arrive at Mass on time, and the obligation of remaining throughout the Mass un- less there is some good and sufficient reason for leaving early. Regardless of whether the part missed is great or small, it is wrong to miss it without a justifying reason. Attendance at Mass should be regarded as a privilege and a source of spiritual strength, not as an unwelcome encroachment on one's free time. Those who have a proper appreciation of the dignity and value of Mass will not attempt any grudging measurement of the moments which they spend in fulfilling their obligation of hearing Mass on Sundays and Holydays. PLEASE EXPLAIN THE USE THE CHURCH MAKES OF THE CEREMONY OF EXORCISM? Exorcism is a ritual ceremony of adjuration in which the devil is either forced to abandon a possessed person or is forbidden to injure someone. The ceremony con- sists of a prayer, followed by the display of a crucifx and a direct order in the Name of Jesus Christ, that the evil spirit depart. Multiple use of the sign of the Cross is made by the Exorcist during the ceremony and he con- chides it, with the sprinkling of Holy Water. The Order of Exorcist, one of the four Minor Orders, is conferred on the candidate for the priesthood. Therefore every priest has ~he power of exorcism but, by the re- strictions of Canon Law, nobody who has the power /nay use it unless he has received special and explicit permis- sion from the Ordinary. This perrr~ission shall be granted by the bishop only to a priest who is distinguished for piety, prudence and integrity of life. The priest shall not pronounce the exorcism until he has ascertained by pru- dent and careful investigation, that the person is really possessed by the devil. (Canon 1151). ' The difficult problem of determining whether or not a person is really possessed by the devil requires much discretion and prayer. So, the Church does not permit every priest to act on his own judgment and authority. Two extreme tendencies have to be guarded against --. over-hastiness in pronouncing a case of diabolical' posses- sion, and an assumption that such cases do not happen. To be too credulous is bad but to deny the possibility or probability of diabolical possession manifests either ig- n0rance or a lack of belief in the Holy Gospels. -k ~r ~r ON DAYS OF ABSTINENCE IS IT PERMISSIBLE TO HAVE ONION SOUP WITH BEEF F AT IN IT; FRY EGGS IN BACON GREASE; USE GRAVIES THAT WERE MADE FROM MEAT? The law of abstinence forbids flesh meat and the broth made of meat, but not eggs, milk or seasoning, even though the latter be made of animal fat. (Canon 1250). The prohibition extends only to the flesh of mammals and birds, ifi'cluding the fat, blood, marrow, etc. The beef fat, therefore, should be left out of the onion soup. As sea- soning one may use rendered fat of hog, lard and dripping, the grease that has dripped from roasted meat. This may be used not only to prepare food but also .as a spread. Meat gravy is forbidden. ,~r .k WHAT PARTICULAR PRAYERS MUST BE SAID TO MAKE THE NINE FIRST FRIDAYS? Among the promises said to have been made by our Lord to St. Margaret Mary was the following: "In the greatness of the mercy of my Heart its all-powerful love will give to all those who receive Communion on the first :Friday of every month, for nine consecutive months, the grace of full repentance, that they shall not die under my displeasure nor without receiving the sacraments, and ; that my Heart shall be their sure refuge at that last hour:." Holy Communion is the only requirement mentioned. * ~r~ F---/'-o. nf--y o not necessary to sign your name unless you wish per- sonal reply. However, Father Ryan reserves the right not to use unsigned questions. / This process of training, by which the intellect, instead .of heing formed or sacrificed to some particular or acci- dental purpose, some specific trade or profession, or study or science, is disciplined for its own sake, fnr the per- eeption of its own proper object, and for its own higher calture, is called liberal education. -Cardinal Newman Ecstasy is naught but the going forth of a soul from it- selt and its being caught up in God, and this is what hap- pens to the soul that is obedient, namely, that It: goes forth from itself and from its own desires, and this lightened. becomes immersed in God. ---St. John of the Cross Vel. XXVl, No. 13 Mar. 31, 1961 THE MOST REVEREND LORAS/T. LANE. Pubfish#'~r THE REVEREND ARTHUR J. O'NEILL M~neging Editor THE REVEREND WILLIAM I. JOFFE :~sst. Managing Editor MARJORIE GALLAGHER Women'| Page Editor ROBERT WILLEMS News Editor BEULAH O'M~ARA ~ Butlness ROBERT J STARR Advertising ANN BERTOLASI Circulotien The Observer, printed weekly at 413 Pleasant Street Btlolt, Wis- consin, is the official newspaper of the Cotholic Diocese pf Rockford. Second class postage paid at Beloit Wisconsin. / Subtcriptions S4.00 pel yee, prepaid in the Unltecl Statee ALL COMMUNICATIONS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE OBSERVER 1260 NORTH CHURCH ,STREEI ROCKFORO iLLINOIS. POSTMAST|R: Please send ferm 3|79 to the OBSERVER, I"J6R No~a Strut, Reckfotd~ uIIneb. - The most solemn action of the Church is carried out in the Easter Vigil Service. Because of i t s rich symbolism, the Easter Vigil requires m o r e advance study and preparation than any o t h e r rite of the entire year. A person might conclude that the Easter Vigil is also the most mysterious of all Church rites In reality the ceremonies which precede the mid- night Mass of Easter are centered around two sim- ple objects--a candle and w a t e r--transformed symbolically into the Paschal Candle representing the Risen Christ, and the baptismal water, signi- fying the fountain Of "new life" available through Christ. The sacred ceremonies and prayers of the Eas- ter Vigil--Night Watch of the Resurrection--are very ancient and most significant. The general theme of this Easter rite is that this is the night of the mysterious passage of Christ from death to life and that in this journey He is able to bring us with Him. The CANDLE: The first of the ac}ions of this portion of the Vigil service is the striking of fire from flint or rock. The fire will be blessed and the p a s c h a 1 candle will be lighted from this fire. The church building is in darkness, but it will soon be illum- ined by the Paschal Candle carried in j o y o u s march to the sanctuary. Christ, the Light of the World, brings light into darkness and we share in this light as "our candles are lighted from the Paschal Candle. In the ganctuary the Paschal Candle--Christ---- sheds light on the text to be used for the chant- of the joyful E a s t e r proclamation -- t h e "Exultet." When the'opening words "Rejoice you hosts of heaven" resound through the church, the great mystery of Christ's resurrection enacted centuries ago and renewed for us this night is expressed in the most moving language e v e r employed by the Church. The Church, is, so to speak, enraptured by the beauty of the mystery of Christ's resurrection and expresses herself in this poetic and lyrical song of haunting b e a u t y and mysticism effected by the thought of the sig- nificance of the Resurrection. The singing of t e "Exultet" concludes t h e LIGHT SERVICE of the Easter Vigil. The Pas- chal Candle emphasized the mystery of Christ's resurrection by the symbol of light emerging from darkness with constant insistence that this means for all mankind the possibility of "n e w 1 i f e's through the Risen Christ. The WATER: After the joys of the Exultet, the celebrant puts on violet vestrfients to begin the s e c o n d phase of the Easter Vigil r i t e s--the Baptismal Service. In this we are invited to share and to enjoy the "new life" m a d e possible by Christ's triumph over sin and death. This "new life" comes through Baptism. The nature of this life must be understood and its possibilities explored. To demonstrate the qualities of this "new life"t the Church instructs us with four prophecies from the Old: Testament. The first, from the Book of Genesis, reminds us. that life itself in the natural order is a special creation of God. From the Book of Exodus we hear again of the physical deliver- ance of the Israelites from slavery to'the freedom of a new life and thus we learn that the second quality of the "new life" through Christ is also a deliverance, but from the slavery of sin. The third prophecy--from the Book of Isaias-- stresses the idea that this new life must be one of continued holiness and that it is a foretaste of the happiness of heaven. The fourth reading is the nature of a warning that this "new life" must be maintained by efforts to be faithful to God's commandments and that it may be destroyed by unfaithfulness This urgent lesson is told in the words of Moses to the Israelites as recorded in the Book of Deuteronomy. The prophecies are followed by the chanting of the Litany of the Saints, which always serves to draw away the veil between time and eternity and to urge us to look forward to fellowship with the saints. The next ceremony is the blessing of water to be used in the sacrament of Baptism. Here again the Church becomes very descriptive in praise of the life-giving power of water. Watch for the meaningful action of plunging the Paschal Can- die--Christ--into the water to give it the life-giv ing power Following the blessing of the water, the Sacra- ment of Baptism will be given in some places. However, in all churches, those who have already received Baptism, will now renew their Baptismal Promises of fidelity. This ceremony certainly has a very salutary effect on all present. The HOLY SACRIFICE: Having contemplated the mystery of Christ's redemption and having renewed our vows to share in His gift of newness of lifel we proceed to the most joyful Mass of the year. During the Gloria bells are rung, the statues veiled for the previous two weeks are uncbvered, the joyful "Alleluia" is brought forth for use again, we hear St. Paul's words describe what this newness of life will mean. The Paschal Lamb of the New Law is of- fered to the Eternal Father and we share in the Spiritual Banquet in the Holy Eucharist. REAPINGS AT RANDOM ,Smear aln SPOTLIGHT ON ,SOCIAL REFORM Strik Out' of FATHER WILLIAM SMITH, S. J. The recent strike of the flight could taketo protect their to find remedies for the ills that engineers on the air lines cost rights, spring from these causes. the companies an estimated Can't Afford Strikes We have a hundred and .one twenty - five million dollars in !n a sense, -re could afford problems in industrial relations ,~,+; ~ ~^ ~ work stoppages in earlier years. about a ~- that must be studied and solu- . uver anct suave t ew economm tions for them found, as far as trated potent;al passengers suf ' " benefit to the workers, they had it is humanly possible to find Iered a proportionate loss in an educational value for the gen- such solutions. time and money. Coming as it oral public as well as for trade did on the heels of the railroad- unionists and management. Need Substitute [ugboat "crisis, this stoppage Today, things are very differ. We have, above all, the need snoo~ up a mr o~ peopm -" ont. Too often ~ur backs are to of developing the determination mentally, physmally and emo " the wall in the serious threats on the part of all concerned that tmnally~,we must face in the internation- a substitute for the strike can T n " " " he ~ ev~table show down al arena. The Amerman eco- be and will be found with jus- on this type of nomy must get moving and keep tire to all. To date the thinking organized chaos [!iii~!~i!~~ moving. In a word our national has centered around concrete, car=not be far i:i::~iiii life and security is at a turning specific cases and crises. We off. The ques- i point; at the crossroads of the should start thinking in term,~ tion must be ~!| future. We just can't afford of isolating and destroying th~ asked and a de- ~~ strikes, virus ~tself. flnltlveanswer ". "~ ~~i!i: Arbitrators Abundant It is as necessary for US to rove -- Who is I~Z The present administration in formulate and deveiop that de- to make the de- lli~, . . .~:i wasnington ~s oetermmed m termination and that attitude of ClSlOn when a . / x :.- pray ns part in attammg ration- mind as it is for the medical that:* ]:s al solutions to union-manage- profession to be determined to rhent disputes. We have exper- eliminate cancer and its causes; w~th potential harm to the ha- mnced arbitrators m abundance, for educators to find ways and non as a WhOm ann to me cam- In racticall ever localit means to train Americsn youth; man good?" P Y Y . Y there are enough men wzth suf- for legislators and private in- Difficult to Justify ficient grasp of union-manage- dustries to eliminate slum condl. No one of knowloda,~ o.nor ment affairs to play the part of tioris. arbitrator Most of t e states Principle of Force ~ence ann aOllll;y wKn wflom t, . am acouainted want ' have moor noaros mea]atmn If human society is to be real- sory arbitration Mana-'ement boards and otner servmes wnmn ly human, the citizen, must doesn't,want it. The reasonable can be.used to obvm!e the dras- learn to act habitually on the tm action of the stake labor leacer doesn't want it. The law of reason. No nation can capable public official, who un- On the national level, in So- reach its full potential while a derstands the problem, doesn't cretary of Labor Goldberg, we large segment of it accepts the want it. have one of the most distinguish. 'principle of force as an ordin- Re-ardless of wh " - - ed and talented men in the field, ary means of settling disputes. wants~ or doesn't waatnt ansYr~i~Ys His office is equipped to render We have all the means today of this kind must ~o As ~ mat i every needed service no matter that are.necessary for solving ter of fact, it is beComing more ho.w s~ous**a ~guat:nl. may industrial conflict, if not in an arise Ine U ~ t O Cl lauon and more difficult to justify any ." :," amicable~ way, at least, in a. rea- Servme has talent ,alore kind of strike in America today. soned way. What ~s lacking is No n Need For Study t so ma y years ago we,~ the firm resolve to reject the were just evolving frnm a con- We have need, great nceo, at principle of force as a substitute dition of monopoly capitalism in a thorough study of the long- for peaceful negotiation. which management held most of neglected problem of automa- Where there is a will there is the cards. Trade unions were tion and the harmful conse- a way. We can find that way if ~veak The public was ignorant quences that it is bringing in enough people in influential of labor relations. The govern- terms of unemployment, positions really want to find it. ment had little or no machinePy We have need, and great need, We will find it, if the public in- to deal with union-management of bringing our top industrial- sists strenuously enougl= that,it disputes. The spirit of indivi- ists, our labor men and public must be found. dualism was rampant. Media- experts together to diagnose the If we can find ways and tion, coniciliation and arbitra- problem of the wage - price means to reach the moon, giv- tion word undeveloped. The re- spiral and tangent issues, en the same attention why sort to strike wps about the one We have need of digging deep- shouldn't we be able to reach effective means the labor unions ly into the causes of Strikes and the minds of men? / ommunlsm OI II, 13y Gerdrd E. Sherry . ' i One of the rrtost healthy Signs in our national life is the emergence of t~ading secular newspaper editorials in vari. ous parts of the country deploring the un-American activi- ties of some so-railed anti-communist groups. In California, the reputable and conservative Los An- geles Times recently had a series on the,John Birch so- ciety, an ultra right wing organization which claims to be fighting Communism. A semi-secret document called "The Politician" written and circulated by Robert H. W. Welch, Jr founder of the Birch society almost insinuates that President Eisenhow- er is a dedicated communist and that the late President Roosevelt was guilty of treason. The pamphlet is replete with ac- cusations of disloyalty against many pub- lic officials who are charged with deliber- ately leading the United States towards communism. Deplore Smear Tactics Only recently J. Edgar Hoover, director of the F.B.I had reason to caution anti- communists against using smear tactics. Furthermore, former Vice President Rich- ard Nixon in a letter to the Los Angeles Times warned against un-American methods in fighting communism. He said smears and innuendo do not help the fight. He added that we must be very careful not to attach a subversive label to anyone simply because we sagree with them, Significantly, the California State Re- publican party has come out strongly against the tactics of ultra right wing groups who furtlfer their political aims under the guise of anti-communism. This is a healthy sign because we are being treated to the spectacle of anti-communist groups cropping up all Over the place. There is nothing wrong with thiS. Indeed, it could be helpful, but only if such groups are concerned with the problem as part of the broader problem of'de. fending spiritual as well as material values. This is all related to tactics fised by some Of our Cath- olic anti-communist groups. One has only to think of the Christian Education Assn. of Union N. J which publishes "Common Sense". The publication, which is supported by' priests and laity, has a reputation for being anti-Semitic nd anti-Negr,o. Last year it published a story headlined "Kennedy's Mbrxtst Record." . Questioned Loyalty of One Then there are recent charges made by the Cardinal ]VIindszenty foundation against the Foreign Policy Assn. The Foundation rehashed old charges against the FPA, quoting a presentment of the grand jury of Fulton County in Georgia, which is alleged to have declared, the FPA a "subversive organization." I read the grand jury presentment a long'time ago, when it was first issued It did~not declare the FPA subversive. It did, however, question the loyalty of one of the writers for the FPA's "Great Decisions" program which is con- ducted through public arid Catholic schools. The wrffer in qt~estion, Mrs. Vera M. Dean, ts a part time employee of the FPA. She denies that she was ever active in any communist' front organization. Some of Mrs. Dean's in- terpretive writing may not be "to our liking, but this doesn't call for us: to label' her subversive. There is one more thing on the Foreign Policy' Assn. Not only is it endorsed by Republicans and Democrats, includ, lng Eisenhower, Nixon and Kennedy; it has a CathOlio bishop on its board of directors. ,The present director is Bishop Robert Dwyer of Reno, Nov. He succeeds t~ishop John J. Wright of Pittsburgh, a former director. FPA Has No Authority The fact that some leading Cathqlies endorse the Cardi- fial ~dSz~nty foundation, doesn't ~give 4t the right to .pil- lory ~the foreign policy association or any other group. The Mindszent:~ i foundation's Charges against : the FPA ,have no legal substance. They are mostly innuendo and half truths. The question I ask is this: If the FPA is what the Mindszenty foundation says it is, why is a Catholio bishop a member of its board of directors? Furthermore, it should be pointed out that the Cardinal Mindszenty foundation has no official standing in the Church. Its views carry no more authority than mine do. I wish the Cardinal Mindszenty foundation well. However, I ques~ tion whether its attack on the FPA is Catholic action. There is the ever present danger of the creation of a form of supermarket patriotism which turthers only ex- treme 'nationa)ism. While we must all love our country, we must also love 0~r fellow man. This means seeing in him a person with a divine dignity and an eternal destiny. This means respecting his rights and his liberty. This means being very careful not to injure his reputation through reckless half-truths. Tragedy of Division I realize that this is an unpopular, view, However, som~- one must speak out. Anti-Communists we must all be. But if, we are Catholic, our anti-communism must be Catholic. I suspect that much of our anti-communism has a political rather than a religious motive. . :, 1 The tragedy of all this-is that it sphtS the Catholic com. munity and thenational community at a time when unity is imperative. There is no reason, why Catholics can't Work together in relation to the communist menace. But some tactics will have to be changed. The most important change must be in divorcing Catholic 'anti-communism from political movements and motives. I am not interest- ed in fighting communism merely to replace it with some equally vicious evil. As Catholics, our goal is the estab- lishment of Christ's Kingdom on earth. This then must be th~ motivation for Our =mti-communism. I