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March 24, 1961     The Observer
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March 24, 1961
 

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t New Column: For Teens Only See Page 9 Pray for Vocations Official Newspaper of the Rockford Diocese Vol. XVI--No. 12 ROCKFORD, MARCH 24, 1961 |1 16 PAGES AID NEWMAN FOUNDATION--Officers of the Illinois state council, Knights of Columbus, ac- companied by district deputies of the Rockford diocese, presented a check for $2,000 to the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane recently on behalf of the state council for the support of the Newman foun- dation at Northern Illinois university, DeKalb. Following the presentation of the check the K. of C. officers attended a meeting of the Bishop Muldoon council of the Knights. Making the pre- sentation to Bishop Lane (seated, center) were: (1 to r, seated) Marco DeStefano, state ad- vocate, Chicago; and John H. McKeown, past state deputy, Chicago; and (standing) Robert Fagan, director of the K. of C. state athletic commission, Woodstock; Henry Bracke, northern Illinois district deputy, Rockford; Lou Franchini, northeastern Illinois district deputy, Loves Park; and Harold Evans, northeastern district deputy from Woodstock. (Photo by Herzog) ROCKFORD--The schedule of Holy Week services and officers for each at St. James pro-cathe- dral here, beginning the second Sunday of Pas~iontide with the Most Rev. Loras T. Lane cele- brant except on Holy Thursday, is as follows accc.rding to the announcemnet of the chancery: For the blessing of palms and Solemn Pontifical Mass on the second Sunday of Passiontide March 26, at noon, the assist~t .~st will be the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Meilinger, V.F.; deacons of honor, the Revs. Lawrence London and Philip L. Kennedy; deacon, the R e v. Bernard J. Mullane; subdeacon of t h e Mass, the Rev. Bernard Geiger, O.F.M. Conv.; and subdeacon of the processional cross, t h e Rev. Anthony J. Becker. Holy Thursday The deacons of the Passion will be: Chronistra -- Father Becker; Christus--The Rev. E. S. Wright; and Synagoga--the Rev. :P. E. Fry. First master of ceremonies will be the Rev. Be VATICAN CITY -- (NC) -- His Holiness Pope John XXIII has written an Apostolic Letter to the world for the feast,of St. Joseph (March 19) indicating that he will be proclaimed pa- tron of the coming Second Vati- can Council Pope John's letter recalls that his predecessors from Pope Plus IX on were zealous in spreading devotion to St. Joseph "It seemed timely also for Us to propose these reminders of history and of religiouz piety to the devout attention of your souls precisely on March 19, when the feast of St. Joseph coincides with the beginning of Passion Week and prepares us for a deep fami]Jarity with the most moving and salutary mys- teries of the sacred liturgy," he said, writing in Italian. Always Invoked The Pope noted that St. Jo- seph is always invoked to help the Church in its projects and concerns He said that among present - day concerns the first place is held by the ecumenical council. Pope John stressed that the council rouses great expectation in the hearts of Christians "whether they belong to the Catholic Church or to one of the " May ph different confessions separated from it and yet who are anxious for a return to unity and peace according to the teachings of Christ and to His prayer to the heavenly Father " Council For All The Pope said: "The council is held for all Christian people: interested in it for a more per- feet flowing of grace and of Christian vitality. Everyone is interested therefore in the coun- cil: ecclesiastics and laymen, great and small of every part! of the world, of every class, every race, every color, and if a heavenly protector is indicat- ed who can call from Heaven that 'virtus divina' for prepar- ing and holding the council to none of the heavenly person- ages can this be ~pplied better than to St. Joseph, distinguish- i ed head of the Family of Na- zareth and protector of Holy Church " Intend~ Choice While the letter is not tanta- mount to a formal proclamation that St. Joseph is patron of the council, it clearly indicates that the Pope intends to choose him. It is expected that the Pope will issue a bull or other document at a later date, formally pro- claiming St. Joseph the patron of the council. Francis J. Moroney and t h e second master of ceremonies will be Mr. Thomas McCullough. For the Solemn Mass of the Lord's supper on Holy Thurs- day, March 30, at 8:15 p.m the celebrant will be Msgr. Meilin- ger, with Bishop Lane presid- ing. Other Officers The assistant priest will be the Very Raymond J. W a h 1; chaplains, Fathers Becker and London; master of ceremonies at the throne, Father Moroney; deacon, The Rev. Mr. Thomas Caughlin; subdeacon, the Rev. William P. Knott; and master of ceremonies at the altar, Mr. McCullough. For the solemn liturgy of Our Lord's passion a n d death on Good Friday, March 31, at 1:30 p.m the assistant priest will be Msgr. Meilinger; deacons of honor, Fathers London and Mul- lane; deacon, the Rev. Mr. Caughlin; subdeacon, Father Knott; first master of ceremon- ies, Father Moroney a n d sec- ond master of ceremonies, Mr. McCullough. Easter Sunday Deacons of the passion will be: Chronistra--Father Becker; Christus--Father Wright; a n d Synagoga--Father Fry. Officers for the solemn Pon- tifical Mass of the Lord's res- surection on Easter Sunday, April 2, at 10:45 a.m will be: assistant priest, Msgr. Meilin- ger; deacons of honor, Fathers Becker a n d London; deacon, the Rev. Mr. Caughlin; an d subdeacon, Father Knott. i First master of ceremonies will be Father Moroney and sec- ond master of ceremonies will be Mr. McCullough. Bowling Bishop PONCE, P.R. --(NC)--Bishop James E. McManus, C.SS.R dedicated the new Santa Maria bowling alley here, then rolled the first balls down an alley. He scored a spare. New Bible Text Might Be Used By Catholics, Too LONDON ---(NC)- The new translation of the Bible by Brit- ish Protestant scholars could form the basis for a common text acceptable to Catholics, a prominent Jesuit scholar sug- gested here. Father Thomas Corbishley, S. J called for a Bible translation for use by all Christians He said such a version as the new- ly published English translation of the New Testament, which is based on the latest research, would with some modifications be most useful in promoting unity between all Christians The New Testament section of "The New English Bible" was put on sale in Great Bri- tain and the United States on March 14. Published jointly by Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press, it is the result of 14 years of re- writing from the original Greek and Hebrew by a committee of top experts from all Britain's major churches except the Roman Catholic. Father Corbishley, a Scrip- ture scholar and an Oxford man who is now superior of London's principal J e s u i t community, Farm Street, commented on the new translation in The Universe, nationally circulated Catholic weekly. There can be no doubt the new translation w i 1 1 make a fresh impact on a generation BERLIN- (NC) -- Poland's: Primate has hurled defiance at his country's communist rulers and denied t h e i r chieftain's claim that the Church there is not being persecuted, according to reports here. Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski also contradicted a statement by Wladyslaw Gomulka t h a t there is Church-state conflict in Poland o n ly because Church leaders follow the Holy See's Blessing Sent -To Marquette U. MILWAUKEE -- (NC) -- His Holiness Pope Jc.hn XXIII sent his blessing to the Marquette University College of Journal- ism in connection with the cele- bration of its 50th anniversary. hostile policy toward the Polish government, reports said. The Cardinal declared that the state is fighting to separate Polish Catholics from their his- toric Faith and warned Po- land's Red leaders t h a t they will lose the battle. Will Bow to God "I tell you Caesars that you will bow to your Cod and you will serve Him and no one else. satan is mighty, but man will not bow his l~ead before him." For the third time in recent months the Cardinal cited gov-: ernment support for a stepped- up atheist campaign as evi- depce of persecution. ~n a sermon (March 19) in the Church of the Visitation in Warsaw, the Cardinal pointed out that there are now some 20 organizations promoting "a pro- gram of atheization, seculariza-. tion, indifference and rational- that in all the various art forms Domenico Cardinal Tardinl, has s h o w n some impatience Vatican Secretary of State, no- with tradition," he wrote. "Not ted in a letter that Pope John that the new version is revolu- "has repeatedly stressed t h e tlonary or aggressively rood " ' I necessity for a serious and re- ern It is vigorous, forthright, . I sponslble journahsm, dedmated clear, with a dignity of its own to the cause of truth and intent It should certainly go a long . . on providing wholesome and in- way towards achmwng Rs pur- structive reading materml. pose of reviving interest in the .:.: ~ ,^ ~^,t r,^.^~.~ ~,~1 W/lblll~ ~U Clbll~[ ",~lr ~ J. :11 LL .k~o mine. Brennan, S.J regent of the NEW YORK -- (NC) -- Be- lief that life exists on other planets was voiced here by two Fordham University chemists and a scientist in private indus- try. Their opinion is founded on a careful aralysis of the chemical nature of a meteorite that fell in France in 1864. The meteorite was found to contain compounds akin to cholesterol, the material many scientists believe plug the arteries and result in heart at- tacks and strokes. Another hy- drocarbon is a chemical cousin of a sex hormone. college, Cardinal Tardini said: "It gave (the Pope) m u c h satisfaction . . to 1earn of the meritorious work being accom- plished by Marquette University College of Journalism and of its admirable record of achieve- ment during these 50 years. He w a s greatly pleased, too, to know that so m a n y students from overseas have been avail- ing themselves of the college's facilities." ism." These groups, he added, are "dedicated to freeing our muth from God." Dark Days Ahead In ~a letter to Poland's priests, tared January 12 but not made public until early March, the Cardinals warned that dark days lie ahead for the Church in Po- land and called on priests to defend Church rights at any cost. He said that th~ Church's difficulties a r e growing be- cause of the "fighting, fanatic spirit of atheism (that) has ar- rived" and told priests to "pre- pare for the worst." Last September in a pastoral suppressed by the government Bishop Lane Monday, March 27 7:00 p.m. -- Newman Centra 2atholic H.S Sterling Mass for Vocations to the Priesthood. Thursday, March 30 10:30 a.m:--St. James Pro- Cathedral, Rockford. S o 1 e m n Pontifical Mass of Chrism 8:15 p.m. -- St. James Pro- Cathedral, Rockford, S o 1 e m n Mass of the Lord's Supper. Friday, March 31 1:30 p.m. -- St. James Pro- Cathedral, Rockford S o 1 e m n Liturgy of Our Lord's Passion and Death. Sunday, April 2 Feast of the Resurrection of Our Lord 10:45 a.m. -- St. James Pro- Cathedral, Rockford S o I e m n Pontifical Mass. Church Denies Connection With Lumumba" Death LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo --(NC)-- Charges that Catholic priests fomented the death of former Congolese Premier Pa- trice Lumumba are communist lies, the Bishops of the Congo have declared. The Bishops said the Church was in no way responsible for Mr. Lumumba's death. They, did not mention his followers charge that he was murdered, but said that "political murder . . is always unacceptable and must be condemned." They ad- he denounce " d the atheism that ded that "if private individuals, from month to month increases or pi'operly co~ns stituted authori- its activity and fights against ties acting outside the norms of the Church with truly inhuman Penal law, take the life of a per- fanaticism." son . . . they commit murder." American history in the misun- CHRISTOPHER DAWSON ON FEDERAL AID CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--(NC)--blocked by an appeal to the WASHINGTON -- (NC) -- A crucial development in the con- troversy over the constitution- ality of Federal aid to private schools is due on Monday, March 27, the day the admini- stration will take a formal stand. The stand will be made in a memorandum prepared by at- torneys of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and the Justice department. The memorandum will be made available to Congression- al subcommittees hearing testi- mony on recommendations for federal aid to education Catho- lic spokesmen have appealed to these subcommittees for long- term, interest - bearing loans for private schools. Requested by Morse The administration's stand on the constitutionality of Federal aid to education in general and on such aid to private and parochial schools first was re- quested by Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon. The senator is chairman of the education subcommittee of the Senate Labor and Public Welfare committee and sponsor in the Senate of the administra- tion's proposed $2.3 billion, three - year program of federal aid to public grade and high schools. What stand the administra- tion's brief will take has not been revealed. But it is known to be a lengthy document--more than 70 pages -- that has con- sumed much time of several government attorneys in recent weeks. Room For Debate President Kennedy, who is re- ported to have sought legal ad- vice before his pronouncements on the constitutional issues, has said that direct federal aid to pro - college church - related schools is "clearly unconstitu- ;ional." However, on the constitution- ~lity of the proposal for long- term, interest - bearing loans to private schools for construction, the president has held there is room for debate, though he per- sonally feels "across-the board" loans would violate the Consti- tution's provisions on church- state relations. The memorandum also is ex- pected to explain in detail the constitutional basis for admini- stration proposals for federal aid to all types of colleges and In presenting their findings at the New York Academy of Sci- ences (March 16), the scientists said: "We believe that wher- ever this meteorite originated something lived." They termed the discovery the first physical evidence of life beyond the earth. The three men are Dr. Bar- tholomew Nagy and Dr. Douglas J. Hennessey of the Fordham graduate school department of 'chemistry and Dr. Warren G. Melnschein of Esso Research and~ Engineering Co Linden, N.J. Other scientists, including Brian Mason, curator of miner- als at the American Museum of Natural History, and Harold Urey, chemistry professor at the University of California, said the interpretation that life existed on other planets should be ac- cepted with caution. Historian Christopher Dawson said here the Constitution's First Amendment has been twisted into a "bulwark of secularist dogma." Interviewed by Jubilee maga- zine on the question of federal aid to private and parochial schools, the English scholar, who currently occupies the Chair for Catholic Studies at Harvard uni- versity, commented: Double Pay Forced "Catholics are being forced to pay double for the right of free- dom of education and are still not getting their money's worth, since, when they have done all and more than all they ~an, their schools will be less well equipped and their teachers less well paid than those of the state. "This is an obvious injustice ~and a denial of the principal of religious freedom. Yet any at- tempt to remedy it is invariably First Amendment." But a secularist interpretation of the First Amendment, which sets up church-state relations, rests on a misunderstanding he maintained. "Official policy, as stated for example in the North West or- "dinance of 1787, lays down the general principle -- 'Religion, morality and knowle~lge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of educa- tion shall forever be encourag- ed'; ] "In other words, churches and schools had their own independ- t spheres of action and it was duty of the government to protect and encourage them, but not to restrict or control them in the free exercises of their prop- er function." There is a "great paradox" of derstanding of the First Amend- their students. ment, he said. d'][ List of Proposals Intended to Protect The administration's college "The separation of church an ,aid ldlan proposes expansion of state which was intended to pro- the present federal program of tect religious, freedom has be- loans to colleges for dormitory come the constitutional basis for construction, inauguration of a the secularization of American culture. "The First Amendment was intended to limit the powers of federation from any interference with religion -- not to extend them," he said. Prof. Dawson feels it is neces- sary "to make people more con- scious of our cultural predica- ment --- of the existence of this deadening blanket of secularist conformity which is stifling the spiritual and intellectual life of modern culture " Jubilee magazine is published in New York. The interview will appear in its April issue. program of loans for classroom construction and a scholarship program which will give a $350 "cost - of - education grant to any college chosen by the reci- pient of a federal scholarship. Both Secretary Ribicoff and Senator Morse have predicted Congress will reject a program of loans to private and paro- chial schools if it is presented as an amendment to the ad- ministration's proposals for aid to public schools. In the meantime, mail to members of Congress was in many instances hitting a near* high for a domestic issue. o / quln PEACE TO THIS HOUSE--With these words Bishop Lane BE MINDFUL, O LORD---Bishop Lane eelebrate~t a Solemn Pontifical Mass in LAquin's new gymnasium immediately after the blessing of the new construction. This scene was daring the opened the dedication ceremonies of the addition to Aquin Canon of the Mass and shows Bishop Lane; the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Charles F. Conley, assistant priest; Central Catholic High School in Freeport last Sunday after- ' the Rev. William F. Boland and the Rev. Norbert M. Richter, both alumni of Aquin, who were More than 1700 l eople attended the dedicatioa ceremonies, deacon and subdeacon of the dedication Mass. Photos by Fittsley. FACING THE PEOPLE--The Aqnin dedication Mass was offered on an altar in the school gym- nasium which was so placed that Bishop Lane was facing the people daring, Mass. This is the first time that a Solemn Pontifical Mass has been offered in this way within the confines of the Rockford diocese and one ni the few times that has haplmeed in the United States.