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The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
March 14, 1948     The Observer
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March 14, 1948

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News Section--Page 4A THE OBSERVER EDITION OF OUR SUNDAY VISITOR Sunday, March 14, 1948 f 'Desperate Need Of Religion Morality," Cordell Hull Says Concluding His Memoirs Wartime Secretary Of State Sees World Facing 'Supreme Crisis Of ,11 Ages,' Urges Work For Peace Follow ng are excerpts from the memoirs of Cordell Hull, wartime Secretary of State. Taken front the copy- righted articles of the North American Newspaper Alliance and based on the forthcomi'ng work to be published by The MacmiUan Company, New York, this material is reproduced here with special permission obtained for the Catholic Press by N.C.W.C. News Service.) "We have a desperate need for~ .... ........ h l a~l ages Mr. Hull observes that more religion ana moranty as t e _ , ' ..... ...... ,,[the only alternauve ~o cooperation ~)acKgrouna for bovernmenL " . ............ [among natlons for law justice and toruelIl-lUll, wartime ~ecre~ary ,, ' .... r .... h " "in|peace isa constant race in ar- OI ~tate, w Ires ]n t e eoncluo g . , , ......... j maments--mciuoing atomic arma- Becuon ol nls Ivlemolrs, summing ....... i ments--and to other disruptive Up sis views concerning flames|It ...... ,, .. .. and international problems, pracuces tnat wm ormg tne na- tions participating in them on eith- er side to a common ruin, the equivalent of universal suicide." We have progressed greatly in science and invention, he observes, but on the other hand there has "'The religious and moral foun- dations for thought and conduct," he continues, "require strengthen- ing here, as well as throughout the world. There is no higher civ- ilizing influence than religious and moral concepts. Corruption and tyranny can be driven out of Gov- ernment only when these concepts give men the faculty to recognize such evils and the strength to elim- inate them." Characterizing the world today as facing "the supreme crisis of Black Top Company l. DRIVEWAYS PARKING AREAS PLAYGROUNDS Anywhere in the Diocese Book Your Order Now for 1948 FREE ESTIMATES ---Phones--- DeKalb 2202 Byron 82R13 La FLEUR & SONS, PROP. BOX 441, DeKALB, ILL. TRUSSES Thousands ore wearing this "GREATER AID" to noturp.. "FEATHER TOUCH PRINCIPLE." W. J. BROWN 220 Empire Bldg. Rockford PHONE 59 DAY OR NIGHT KEBIL FUNERAL HOME AMBULANCE Automobiles BUICK, PONTIAC, GMC TRUCKS Latest Modern Equipment--Body aria Motor Works,~"Standord Oil" Products Sycomore'a Most Upto Date Lubricating Dept.---Day and Night Service. FARGO GARAG| Telephone 289-W CARL RIETESEL UPHOLSTERING Custom Made Furniture been "a striking deterioration of the whole political international structure, with threats of destruc- tion of the entire international ec- onomic structure." After declaring that "the United Nations deserves and must have the unwavering support of the Am- erican people," and remarking that we as a people are "too prone to condemn other nations and rulers. to apply epithets, to caricaturize, to ridicule," Mr. Hull warns that these expressions come to the knowledge of foreign governments and peoples and "hamper the con- duct of our foreign relations." Notin~ that certain minority el- ements in this country have offend- ed particularly in this regard, Mr. Hull writes: "These interfering minoritien are most generally composed of or influenced by left wing or react- ionary extremists and also by per- sons who have immigrated in re- cent years and are chronie agita- tors and advocates of ideas cal- culated to undermine both our po- litical and our economic structure. "On many critical occasions, when the international relations of our Government require the most telicate and careful handling, sup- )orted by a unanimous and aggres- sive public opinion, some of these groups scatter poison or otherwise play havoc with them." Concerning the Soviet Union Mr. Hull counsels that we "follow in respect to her a policy of pa- tience, combined with firmness, in- spired by calm strength, and root- ed in an unswerving determination that, so far as lies in our power, mankind shall at long last attain a just and peaceful world order." "In dealing with the Soviet: Union," he writes "we must never waiver in this determination, or! give any evidence of weakness, or i cease to insist that, although she! is entitled to freedom from inter- vention in hdr domestic affairs by any other nation, her government has no right to force Communism on other nations or to intervene in their domestic affairs in any other way." During his years as Secretary of State, Mr. Hull observes, "we repeatedly emphasized to the So- viet Government that its idea of 0enetrating into other countries by: promoting within them subversive l movements designed to supplant; their established forms of govern- ment with Communist systems like its own. while at the same time claiming for the Soviet Union im- munity from such intervention, was a hopelessly unsound and hazar- dous theory of international rela- tions." "It may be," Mr. Hull concludes, McHENRY, ILLINOIS "that our efforts will fail and the~ leaders of Soviet Russia will fall l into the same tragic error that has i L ~ brought to their doom so many an- cient and modern masters of police states. If that titter calamity should come to pass, let it not be said that/ the United States bad neglected any honorable" means to I avert it. " " n I -P~ m ~unen s ,e I While keeping ourselves stro g | ! K llPtWW I~1=1. ~ liSa face any eventuality, let us work | ~e~lom#~e e~ea~m~Ln ]]unceasingly toward the end that | ~l~KVlt#lg ~ I Ft ! IIJIM lithe leaders of the Russian people I II~d we may ultimately come to II COHOCOCoN~u PRODUCTSI,Ruuu~;E~ ['|lsee eye to eye on the values of | u__t. =_J. m |J human freedom and on the pree- I ~ rmm .'~" IJiousnem of enduring l~.ace based / ,. Released-Time Education Ruled Unconstitutional J Continued from Page 1A of religious liberty should not lead us into a rigid interpretation of the constitutional guarantee that conflicts with the accepted habits of our people," Justice Reed con- cluded. "This is an instance where, for me, the history of past prac- tices is determinative of the mean- ling of a constitutional clause, not a decorous introduction to the study of its text." The case was brought to the high court by Mrs. Vashti McCol- lum, self-styled atheist wife of a University of Illinois professor, who said the Champaign released- time program was unconstitutional and was a source of embarrass- ment to her grade-school son, Terry, who did not attend any of the religion classes offered under it and was, she declared, ridiculed by his classmates. She lost her suits in the Champaign County Circuit Court and Illinois State Supreme Courts to have the pro- gram voided. The Champaign Program was in- augurated in 1940 by a Jewish- Catholic-Protestant group known as the Champaign Council on Re- ligious Education. They obtained permission from the board of edu- cation to conduct religious educa- tion classes for public school pu- pils of the fourth to ninth grades. Written sanction from parents was required of the children who at- tended; instructors from the var- ious faiths were furnished without expense to the schools; classes were conducted in the regular school classrooms; students who did not attend the religion classes were required to do other work within the school. tion between church and state. In another opinion, Justice Rob- ert H. Jackson also held the Champaign Plan unconstitutional but questioned the court's jurisdic- tion in the case and expressed fear, that if everything is removed from i America's public school curricula which might be objectionable to the 256 separate religious bodies in the country, "we will leave pub- lic education in shreds." "The fact is," he warned, "that, for good or for ill, nearly every- thing in our culture worth trans- mitting, everything which gives meaning to life, is saturated with religious influences, derived from Paganism, Judaism, Christianity-- both Catholic and Protestant---and other faiths accepted by a large part of .the world's peoples. One can hardly respect a system of education that would leave the stu- dent wholly ignorant of the cur- rents of religious thought that move the world society for a part in which he is being prepared." FOR SALE OR RENT 4 room furnished, cottage, and extra lot located at Bowners Lake. Wiscon- sin. Sale price $4.000.00. Rent $25.00 week. $80.00 month. $600.00 season. Write to owner. Elmer Musekamp, Gen- eral Delivery. Genoa, Illinois. LUMBER - - 200-216 E JUDD ST. ECKERT BUILDING MATERIALS WOODSTOCK THOMAS B. MERWIN Furniture, Undertaking I AMBULANCE SERVICE -- FUNERAI[ HOME | PHONES 56 and 71 i Woodstock, Illinois 214 MAIN STREET I RILEY and RILEY FOOD SHOP MOBILGAS and OILS Open Sundays and Evenings 501 Washington Street Phone 805 Woodstock, II!. HUBERT PHARMACY G. I. Hubert, R. Ph. Woodstock, Illinois Jen-A-See Cleaners ODORLESS DRY CLEANING "Fro Better Work and Foster Service Coil 901" 229 Main St. Woodstock i Jeweler F. T. FERRIS, Jeweler Telephone S37 Fine Watch Work and Jewelr~ Repairing o Specialty I I Bifoxi, Miss., Mar. 8 --(NC)~ Nearly half of this city's popula- tion of 28,000 turned out to wel- come the "Pilgrim Virgin," o rep- lica of the original statue of Our Lady of Fatima. Arriving from Pensacola Na,~, Air Station, where a MorionHour of Reparation had been conducted, the pilgrimage was met at the city limits by a police escort and a cavalcade of cars which pre- ceded it to City Hall. There a procession was formed to take the image to the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The statue remained here five days for special Marian Hour ser- vices for the conversion of Russia and for world peace. Local pa- pers described the event as the greatest public demonstration of faith and devotion ever seen in the city. Plans for reception of the statue were under the direc- tion of Msgr. Geoffrey O'Connell, recently voted Biioxi's outstanding citizen for 1947: Nearly Hal/Of Soathern City Welcome Statue This time it was held that "the operation of the state's compulsory education system assists and is in- tegrated with the program of re- ligious instruction carried on by separate" religious sects" and that "beyond all question" the released- time plan wa~ "a utilization of the tax-established and tax-supported public school system to aid relig- mus groups to spread their faith." In a separate opinion, Justice Felix Frankfurter declared the Champaign Plan unconstitutional but intimated that other released time plans might be found accept- able by the high court. I-Is wrote, however, that it was the court's duty to enforce a complet~ separa- VIRGIL COOK Electrical Contractor Tel. 160 620 E. Lincoln Hlwoy ~ OeKolb PHARMACY PHONE--71-- DE KALB, ILL. WM. M. MERCER, R.PIL G. H. McGiNTY. ILPIL I I III The New : Wirtz Funeral Home Fifth and Pine Phone 804 W. W. WIRTZ R.J. CLAXTON Matt W. Is. ROCH! RONAN MORTUARY 310 OAK STREET TELEPHONE DeKalb, Illinois Smart Wearing Apparel Fo~ Ladies, Misses' end Children DRY GOODS -- SHOES M. F. MALONE 1896-1948 230-4 E. L. Hwy. Druggist TILLS S Do Kolb, Illicit Every Inch o Drug |lore Perry Still. R. Ph. Floycl Still K. Ph. Complete Hardware Service ~:or the Industrialist. Home Owner, Agriculturist PHONE 148 FUELS AND EVERYTHING FOR THE BUILDER ALEXANDER LUMBER CO. CRYSTAL LAKE & McHENRY. ILL. It is estimated that about 2,- 000,000 public school students across the nation are presently en- rolled in programs similar to that [ . ."~'-- J J"Where Friends Meet Friends" I sponsored by the Champaign Council. J ,md know who J m ...... I~' The majority opinion made re-jl ,OUR Ill Chevrolet-Oldsmobile peated references to the Everson I BUSINESS J W()ODSTOCK, ILL. or New Jersey School Transporta- tion Case decided last February,.I ~/lli~~l~m~l~- in which payments by the State of New Jersey to the parents of paro- chial school pupils for bus trans- portation were declared to be con- stitutional by the Supreme Court.