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March 14, 1948     The Observer
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March 14, 1948

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unday, March 14, 1948 '1'111~ UU{SI~ItVI~K I~Dl'l'1ON (Y aUK ~tU.NDAI Vl~il'l'OK .News ;Sectl0n--rage 3A Voting Instructions Applied To Italians Exclusively, Not To Catholics Generally Dispatch From Rome Corrects Unwarranted e lnterpretations---Documents Not New 'Decree' But Issued To Italian Bishops In 1945 Vatican City, March 8.--(Radio, NC)--Unwarranted deductions drawn from the re-publication of a three-year- old document relating to the duties of Italian Catholic voters have caused considerable confusion in the United States, reports received here indicate This confusion appears principally to have arisen be- cause of the impression left by ~ ' secular news agency dispatch that been referred to as a "circular let- (l) the document in question was ter" and had circulation limited to Italian Bishops, regarding their newly published, and (2) that it pastoral duty to instruct the faith- constitutes official instructions ful under their jurisdiction on the from the highest authorities of the occasion of particular events upon Church directed to Catholic voters which the fate of the country de- throughout the world, pends, particularly in the moral Neither deduction is borne out and social order. by the facts of the case, which In elaborating on these facts are as follows: it was emphasized here that the (1) A few days ago, Italian original instruction issued in 1945, Catholic journals reprinted the text and successive reminders of that of a circular originally issued in instruction published in 1946, 1947 May, 1945, by the Sacred Consis- and 1948, were all issued "taxe- torial Congregation, which invited tively (limitatively) and exclusive- the Bishops of Italy to instruct ly" to the.Italian Bishops. the faithful under their jurisdic- In explanation of the juridical tion on their duties and rights as situation, it was stressed here that Catholics in elections. Actually in all pronouncements emanating 1945, the document was widely!from Sacred Congregations are ap- printed and commented upon by the'plicable to the place to which they [are directed, unless otherwise specified. Italiar. press. (2) This document, while based on principles that are obviously valid everywhere, was specifically intended as a reminder for Italian Catholics. It is wholly incorrect to interpret it, as seems to have been done, as an instruction from the Vatican to voters generally as to the exercise of their franchise. (3) The document was issued b:] the Sacred Consistorial Congrega- tion because of the absence of a :Bishops' organization in Italy. In countries where such Bishops' or- ~anizations exist they customarily sue communications to the faith- ful under their jurisdiction. In Italy, it has been a normal prac- tice for communications to be made ~hrough the Consistorial Congrega- ion. (4) The document in question is not a "decree" said to be "valid for Catholics throughout the world," as some have been led to believe. The document has always DEPARTMENT STORE Tel. 363-R Harvard SHIELDS OIL CO. Skelly Products Gasoline and Fuel O11 Rt. 14 HARVARD Phone 31 I I I VILMAIN & LARSON GROCER': end IhARKE1 Formed)- Strains TEL. 280-21~1 4S AVER ST. HARVARD. ILL. I I I I HARVARD Supply & Equipment PLUMBING HEATING- PUMPS 59 North Aytr Harvard, Illinois , The particular conditions that caused the issue of the original ,document and of the successive re- minder were enumerated here as follows: (1) For a period of 20 years, Italian deputies were in- directly elected through the fas- cist corporations; (2) intense and hostile propaganda against the Church had newly arisen, and (3) those who abstain from voting would, as a rule, be those who would not give their vote to left- ist parties that are inimical to religion and the Church. In calling attention once more to the document originally published in 1945, the necessity has been em-; phasized here of imparting the following norms clearly and re-~ peatedly to the faithful in Italy, regardless of whether there is the question of political or adminis- trative, national or regional, elec- tions. These norms, as set forth in the document, are as follows: "In consideration of the dangers to which religion and public wel- fare are exposed, the gravity of which demands the unanimous col- laboration of honest men, all those who have the right to vote--of whatever condition, sex, age, with- i out exception, and, therefore, also if they follow a certain religious rule in life--are strictly and se- riously bound in conscience to exer- cise that right. "Catholics can give their vote only to those candidates or to those lists of candidates of whom there is certainty that they will respect and defend the observance of divine law and the rights of religion and the Church in private and public life. "The more both the program and activity in practice of individual candidates or of a list of candi- dates will justify that certainty, the more Catholics will be able. with a tranquil conscience, to vote in their favor." ST. CHARLES COAL ICE CO W I-t Parker & Son COAL, ICE end WOOD WILL-BUR~ STOKERS \ Tel. St. Ckadee it SALES and SERVICE Iltk Ave. G. W. IL IL I MeCORNACK OIL CO. Oistr tbutoct TEXACO PETROLEUM PRODUCT1 Sqattorts Located At GENEVA BATAVIA ST CHARLES JO0 West Male |15 East Main I i Fr. McGowan Mr. Buckley Rev. Donald A. McGowan, Direc- tor of Hospitals for the Archdio- cese of Boston has been named as Assistant Director of the Depart- ment of Social Action, National Catholic Welfare Conference, as- signed to matters of health and hospitals. Louis F. Buckley, econ- omist, of the Social Security Board, Cleveland, has been elected presi- dent of the Catholic Conference on Industrial Problems. (NC Photos.) 'The Triumphant Hour' To Be Heard On Easter Sunday Over Mutual Hollywood, Calif.--"The Trium- phant Hour," a special Easter Ros- ary program of the Family Rosary Crusade, will be carried on the Mu- tual Network, Easter Sunday, 1:30 to 2:30 p.m., E.S.T. The full cast of stars who will appear on the hour are: Ethel Barrymore, Marguerite Chapman, Bing Crosby, Dan Dailey, Dennis Day, Pedro deCordoba, Irene Dunne, Ann Jamison, Christopher Lynch, Fibber McGee and Molly, J. Carrol Naish, Robert Ryan, Liza- beth Scott and Loretta Young. The program will be similar in tone to "The Joyful Hour" of Christmas except that this time the glorious mysteries of the Rosary will be recited by the seventeen stars. Proceeding each decade of the Rosary the particular mystery will be dramatized, and a solo will be given by one of the five featured singers--Eileen Farrell, Christo. pher Lynch, Bing Crosby, Dennis Day and Ann Jamison. Ethel Barrymore and Pedro de- Cordoba will act as narrators. Miss Farrell, radio soloist, and Mr. Lynch, star of "The Firestone Hour," will be cut in from New York. Mutual's Hollywood and New York orchestras will ~rovide back- ground music. Father Patrick Peyton, C. S. C., Founder and National Director of the Family Rosary Crusade, will say a few words at the conclusion of the broadcast. The script was written by Mark Kearney Dave Young will direct the broadcast. Laetare Medalist Catholic School To Site Slated Lavish Gambling Hall Reno, Nev., March 8.--(NC)--What might have become a palatial gambling establishment and exotic night spot, had original plans not fallen through, will be opened as a Cen- tral Catholic high school for the Reno area next September. This result was assured this week when Bishop Thomas K. Gorman of Reno purchased the Flick ranch, together with its elaborate installations and buildings, for school purposes. The ed the 60th anniversary of his or- ranch is about four miles to the~dinatin. east of Reno on the bank of the Truckee River, and includes 16 acres of land in one of the earl- iest areas to be brought under cultivation. In 1941 Mr. Flick had extensively improved and land- scaped the site and had erected a large residence. Two years ago Mr. Flick sold the residence to a syndicate which planned to open a gambling es- tablishment. However, the plan was not realized because State authorities refused to issue the necessary license. The property then reverted to Mr. Flick, who sold it to Bishop Gorman. ! The central building of the high school group, formerly the resi- dence of the Flick family, will re- quire very little alteration to serve as a faculty building, library and assembly hall. Classroom build- ings and residence halls will be added as needed. The high school will be staffed by several diocesan priests and the Dominican Sisters of San Rafael, Calif. Archbishop Amigo, 83, Honored On 60th Ordination Anniversary London, Mar. 8 --(NC)-- Lon- don's, and probably Britain's, most popular priest, the venerable 83- year-old Archbishop Peter Amigo, Bishop of Southwark, has celebrat- ! Bishop of Southwark, the diocese of south London and all the south- east corner--the wartime "invas- ion" area--for 44 years, Archbis- hop Amigo lived in his residence, just across Westminster Bridge from the Houses of Parliament and of the war years to be near his Whitehall, throughout the worst suffering people of the crowded working-class areas along Old Kent Road and Walworth Road. He saw his adjoining" cathedral, a masterpiece by the 19th-century. architect Pugln, burnt out by nazi incendiary bombs; after every raid he was out among the people con- soling and comforting. Shurtleff Coal & Lumber Co. 'Not Incorooroted) MARENGO UNION MAPLE PARK ELGIN BARRINGTON HAR FLAND HAMPSHIRE Sc.JoreCARPENTERSVILLE Products Shurtleft Service Satisfies Founded 1867 RINEHIMEFt CHURCH Louis S. RoEIins ~ C. L Jnkes 207 L Chicago 163 Dundee Ave. ELGIN U FUNERAL SERVICE CO. 51-59 Center Street II Elgin I For Service Phone 2003 ELGIN COAL & OIL "Dealer in Temperature" COAL . . . COKE . . . 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