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February 27, 1941     The Observer
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:==:  Page Four  TH E y OBSERVER : Published ,  Every  Thursday ;! i &gt;: i: , o The Official Newspaper of the Diocese of Rockford 0BSERVER--Publleatlou oflces $4,5 Blu St., Dubuque, fowa. Entered u second-class matter lov. _7, 1933, at the Pot Oflce at Dubuque, I0wa, under the Act of Harch 3, 18"/9. Acceptance of mailing at special rates of postage provided fur In Section 11, Act of October 8, 1917; authorized /flay 19, l2l and Itt the special -at ratp  postage provided [or under the Postal Act of October 3, 1917, and February , 1935. Subscription--Prepaid: United Statel. rearly. $1.00: CanadL p.50; Eurol, $8.00. All communicalious Should be addressed to the ofllceof THE OBSERYEIL BOX 79o FREEPORT. ILL. To Postmasters--All notices of change ot address or removals, etc., should be sent to the Freeport office. +f' THE KEYNOTE OF LENT Verily Ash Wednesday strikes the keynote of Lent, the training season of the soul, of penance, of meditation on the eternal verities. Dust thou art and to dust returnest was not spoken of the soul, but to the soul )f its rapid approach to the day of the last dread account and to the ffme w'hen the night cometh, the night of death, when no man can work or merit. Meditate this season on the awful words of our Lord, Unless you do penance, you shall all'likewise perish. Listen to the trumpet tones of the prophet Joel sounding the key- note of Lent: "Thus saith the Lord, Be converted to Me with all your heart, in fasting, and in weeping. and in mourning. And rend your hearts/and not your garments, and turn t'o the Lord your God, for He is gracious and merciful, patient and rich in mercy, and ready to repent of the evil. Who knoweth but-He will return, and forgive, and leave a blessing behind Him, sac- rifice and libation to the Lord your God ? Blow the trumpet in Sion; sanctify a fast; call a sol- emn assembly; gather together the people; sanctify the church . . . Spare, O,Lord, spare Thy people; and give not Thine inheritance to reproach, that the heathens should rule over them." MERICA AND ITS MAINTENANCE Appropriately the space between the birth- days of the two supremely great Americans, Washington and Lincoln, is consecrated to the . consideration of the high theme and para- mount principle of Americanism. During the eleven days between Lincoln's and Washington's birthday all Americans are bidden to recollect the pit whence they were dug and the rock whence the)- were hewn, to realize what spirit they are and what Amer- ica is. America is nothing, if not free and just. Americanism is our Christian heritage. Amer- ica is the creation of Christ Who brought jus- tice to earth and made men free. Americanism and America is the recogni- tion and realization of the "unalienable rights," Nfof the Godlike majesty and divine dignity con- erred on man bx; Clarist. Americanism and Ar0erica is the spirit of \\;Vashington and Lin- coln, Jefferson and Jackson. America:nism and America is the state as servant of the citizen and the citizen as sovereign of the state and its lord and master. Americanism and Amer- ica is the spirit of the deathless defiance of Patrick Henry trumpeting, "Give me libert., or give me death." It is the spirit of the-mor- tally stricken Captain Lawrence crying out "Don't give up the ship." Americanism and America is Washington at Valley Forge, Jack- ' son at New Orleans, Meade t Getty'sburg, the: .American soldier turning thdtide of the World War at Chateau Thierry. Americanism and America is our Christian heritage of God-glven and Christ-created rights and liberties, peace and progress, pros- perity and opportunity. Americanism and America4}s deathless devotion to our Christian heritage and death-defying defense of it against the demagogues and would-be dic- tators that would wrest it from free-born and God-gifted Americans, Americanism is the Bill of Rights, the Declaration of Indepen- dence, the Constitution of the United States. Americanism is a free government of laws, not of leaders; of measures, not of men, nor of a man. Americanism and America is gov- ernment by right and reason, justice and en- lightenment. Americanism and America is the principle of progress and prosperity and oppor- tunity. Americanism and America is the best realization of the supreme and consummate ' civilization of the West created by Christ ; that greatest of all civilizations and their sum. Catholicism and Americanism are eminent- lhharmonious priRciples. More Christ and ristianity constitute all that is good and great and glorious in America. Christ and Christianity make up the sum and the source. The Bible for Today Readings from Sacred "Scripture selected and arranged by the Rev. L J. Semper. LithD., author of "The Fine Gold of the Old Testament." FIFTH PENITENTIAL PSALM (From Psala I01) Hear my prayer, 0 Lord, And let my cry comc unto thce. Turn not thy face from mc; In the days of my distress incllne thy ear to me. On the day when I call to thee, .. Hear me speedily. For my days vanish like smoke, And my bones grow dry like fuel for the fire. I am smitten like grass, and mv heart is withered, For I /o,got to eat my bread. By reason of my groaning, My bones cleave to my flesh. I am like a pelican of the wilderness; I am become like an owl of the desert. I watch and am become like a sparrow That is alone on the h6usetop. All the day long mv enemies reproach me; They that once praised me curse me. For I eat ashes like bread, And mingle my drink with tears, Because of thy fierce anger; the origin and the fountain head and the prin- ,ciple of august and blessed Ameri.ca. - So what is to be done about the glorious and atrust and free American republic? Shall we puts period to its illustrious career? What is to be done' about this many-splendored thing, this America of freedom and justice and glory, power and prosperity and oplrtunitv all com- pact ? VVhv keep it,'of course. Hold'what you have. Keep America American, great, glori- ous and free. Americanism and America is our thrice- precious birthright of rights and liberties progress and prosperity and opportunity. Shall we now like the foolish Esau sell out thrice-precions birthright of t h freedom wlterewith Christ hath made us free for a miserable mess of demagoguery and flattery and empty promises? Shall we give up our magnificent privileges and prerogatives as free Americans for the slavery .that is socialism? And whether politely designated as collectiv- is or candidly as communism, socialism is slavery; and stagnation, poverty and degrada- tion, godlessness and persecution , corruption and savagery besides. Certainly we shall not; certainly we will not. But shall you exchange 3"our freedom for fetters, your |iberty :for chains ? Shall you--in the strong Scriptural phrase--retu'rn like a dbg to his vomit to the House of Bondage whence )'our forefathers fled? America--free and prosperous and peaceful America=-is trembling now in the balance, ac- cording to many a tried and true American of tried an true integri, and of unimpeachable probity. There is a fatal attd tremendous trend to- wards centralization, socialism, totalitarianism. There is a bill, miscalled the lend-lease bill, now almost through Congress. a bill of vast and vague, dangerous and indefi- nite grant of powers, a bill wherein the word, an)', keeps recul*ring so often and so constant: h" that the measure may mean anything and everything, a bill concentrating in" the hands of one person, the President, prodigious and unparalleled and unprecedented power over war and peace, the purse and the sword, pri- vate property and private enterprise, the lives and rights and monies of American citizens. Is such an enormous grant of any and every power to one 'man wise or constitutional American or necessary? Is this a govern- ment of measures or of men, of laws or ot leaders, of principles or of persons? Is such a measureaAmerican at all? Is it not deadly dangerous ? The president of the UniversitY: of Chicago, Hutchins. denominated the Lend- Lease bill national suicide. Certainly, it is not necessarv. Washington and Lincoln and \\;Voodrow \\;Vil'son surmounted successfully far greater crises than the pres- ent one without impairing the Constitution to the extent of a single iota. The Lend-Lease bill promotes prodnction and preparedness not a particle; rather the measure retards them. During the infancv of the republic, \\;Vashing- ton brought it sa{elv through far more terri- ble dangers than an; confronting the country now. Lincoln and Wilsonwaged the greatest of wars with signal success. \\;Ve are not fulh- and formally at war at all. To protect and preserve our pre'cious Amer- ican birthright,--war then if need be to the ultimate cent. to the knife, to the last ditch to death : liberty before llfe. \\;\'hat supreme folly and frightful stupidit and arrant idiocy it would be therefore to de- fend freedom and democracy by destroying them. to resist totalitarianism and Hitlerism and dictatorship abroad bv setting up all those abominations at home! If the bill does any or all or none of these things, you should lnow it. In any case the bill is supremely important to the" future of America. To know the bill, vou should read and contrive somehow to understand and mas- ter it. Then if you deem the bill dangerous or even deadly to the existence of the free re- public, and if x'ou care for America and for your free American birthright, protest by per- sonal letter or by wire preferabh ,+- a letter may be too late-- to the President and to your respective congressmen the fatal flaws of the measure. Make clear you are all for any meastre promoting the defense of free Amer- ica even if it involves war. Billions and tens of billions and hundreds of billions and evenlife itself for the maintenance of free America and against domestic dictator- ship, Hitlerism, totalitarianism, total tvrannv. One lesson emerges clear and incontestabie from history and experience, .and; it is this: freedom and power once relinquished are sel- dom recovered: rights and liberties once sur- rendered are rarely if ever retrieved; to. be kept, liberty, must'be everlastingly asserted maintained, defended, vindicated, and forever won, God gave you America; Christ conferred on you rights and liberties. It is up to you to keep them. Deus qu] creavit te sine te, non salvabit te sine te. Only they who appreciate their nheri'- tance retain it. Esau lost his because he did not appreciate it. Because of their stupidity the geese are eaten bY the foxes (the politicians), and the sheep are devoured by the wolves (the demagogues). Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty and dauntless and in- domitabie courage and intelli- gence too. Only the intelligent and the vigilant, the brave and the good remain free, deserve and keep their God-given and Christ- created heritage of rights and liberties, peace and progress, prosperity and opportunity. Awake, arise, or be forever fallen ! NOTICE Unfortunately the reference to the magnificent speech of Coolidge on W'aslington was given wrongly in the issue a week ago because of a typographical error. That speech can be found in the proceedings of the National Educational Associa- tion, volume 64. pp. 706-713. That speech is the best brief esti- mate of the life and thought, char- acter and achievement of Washing - ton that we have ever seen. THE O B SERVER And Life Goes On B J. P. NL America's Most Widely Un- read Columnist May I Take Your Hand? In childhood y.ears on those red- letter days When father took you with him on his walk How safe you feltl how snug and all-secure. For with him present, how could danger stalk? But if. perchance, some frightening thing arose, If in your path some menace should take stand, All you had to do was say to him: "Father, please, let me take your hand." And though those childhood years are past and gone, That lesson, if remembered, stil holds good, How safe you'll be, how free from doubt Oft any dangers stalking through life's wood ; For the Father of all Living still is there, Walking beside you if you'll just understand, i And, should a peril rise, all you in the Chicago Tribune the other morning under just that heading: EARLIER DUBUQUE I remember back in 1911 I was in Dubuque. Is., with a dramatic stock company playing the Airdrome at 8th anc Clay streets, and Johnny Mulgre, alias Jazbo of Old Du- buque, conducted a column in one of the daily papers called "The Way the Wind Blows." Through his personal quips about members of the company we established a rec- ord for stock comlSanies north of the Ohio river. We played in the: open air theater until after Thanks- giving, the last four weeks with a canvas covering over the auditor- ium and charcoal burners in t#he aisles. Our opposition for a shbrt time was William and Dustin Far- hum, who were playing stock at Union park. That same year I saw Red Faber pitch his first profess- ional ball game with the old Three Eye league team under Manager Clarence Rowland, now an-attache of the Chicago Cubs. --B. H. B. That Min Callaghan And did Redempta Callagha laugh loud, long and leeringly when the above tidbit came into eircula- need do Is say once more: "Father, May take Your hand?" Obviously A Chicago gentleman, complain- ing to the courts of his wife's pro- nounced penchant for alcoholic bev- erages, testified that the lady told him that when she felt a spell of drinking coming on, she always con- sulted tbe stars to determine what would be the best time for the joust. Obviously', the Big Dipper. Oh, Eddie Welu, Look! At Kankakee, I11., Desk Sergeant Bert Muckey was incapacitated for duty as the result of" burning out the bearing in his wooden leg while dancing at the annual policemen's ball of a recent evening. The bear- ings, located in the knee joint, spilled out onto the floor and were lost in the shuffle. Land sakes, girls, how'd you like to be in the very midst of a dreamy waltz with your Prince'Charming and suddenly have his ball-bearings drop out and start rolling all over the place? Well, really! what is the world com- ing tD anyhow, I'd like to know. Ask Mrs. Perry! And if there's ever anything you want to know about the old stars or the old plays (I mean like Lillian Russell, Mrs. Fiske, Julia Marlowe, etc.) just take it up with M;'s. Ma- rie Perry. of Walker, Ia. She's seen them all. And what a memory! - Good Old Ike Comes" now a letter from good old Ike Boyd, at school down in Con- ception, Me. who gives out in vers with the following plaifit: "JPM : Toledo U has just declared That twenty-five per cent Of students there provide th smokes For every college gent. If they think they've set a record With their free cigarettes, :I'm backing Old Conception And taking any bets. Seems all this gang ishounding rile, They're at me day and night, I'm told I must pay up the loans I've made from them . . or fight! --Ike Boyd." Swell. Ike, and if you lads down there listeh to Uncle Ezra's Satur- day night radio programs, you know just what cigarettes to smoke, don't you? (And if this gets by the adv. dept., we'll be all set.--JPM.) La Belle Again And while we're on the subject of smokes and things, La Belle Hig- gins must have gotten a little weary of a certain fellow ]n the neighbor- hood of her Greylmund bus lunch room who was always asking her for a match. The other day, right at her busiest moment, he called out eheerily, "Can I have a match?" "Yes," replied La Belle handing him a packet of matches, "how are you tion. "I guess," she commented I darkly, "that that will put an end to a few of your 'Springtime for Henry' ideas, eb?" Aren't some people awful? Take It Easel, Dickie! Leroy, IlL---Haste makes waste, believes Dickie Rees, 6. Asked why he was late for school, Dickie ex- plained: "I had to walk slow on ac- count of I've got two boiled eggs in my dinner bucket and I didn't want to break "era." FORMULA It isn't so much what you get to- day As what did you manage to give, It isn't that deal that you swung today That enriches the real life you live; W'bat of that beggar you passed right by Just after you'd made that coup. Remember that hurt, crushed look in his eyes And his weary, pathetic stoop? Go-getters are all very well in their place With their high-pressure methods and ways, But it's not always zippy, efficiency men Who savor rich comforting days; The man who is out for just what he can get With no time to help or to give, To me is a man who has somehow missed out On the formula how best to live! About John Beal John Beal, a nephew of the Miss- es Louise and Ruth Harragan of Du- buque, has just opened in New York in Philip Barry's new- play, "Liberty Jones." which just at present is causing no end of argument among the critics. Mr." Beal's wife, Helen Craig, also is appearing on Broad- way. playing the lead in the suc- cessful drama, "Johnnie Belinda." Her role is a very unusual one. She is a deaf mute all through the story, but speaks one single word as the final curtain falls. Her per- formance in the difficult role has been widely acclaimed. Cute? At each of the 300 places set for tbe-party to announce the engage- ment of Deanna Durbin and Paul Vaughan was a little book of matches; Dn the cover was printed "'It's a match" affd inside, "Paul and Deanna." Cute?? And then there is the story Df the California radio announcer who not long ago announced blithely over the air: "You winter visitors cer- tainly ought to be glad you're Dut here in California with us; they say that hack east it's so cDld peo- ple are beginning to ride on icicles built for two." Is It a Date? And if you're not doing anything special next Saturday night from 9 to 9:30. why not tune inon "Uncle Ezra's "Rosedale's S p r i n g Style Show?" A style shDw in Rosedale really should be something, don't fixed for socks and handkerchiefs?" you think ? Earlier Dubuque--Oh Yeah? I Thought for the Day Well, I never thought I+d live to I In his "Journalists' Creed" Wal- see the day a story would be writ-lter Villiams said: "I believe that ten about me under the beading,lno one should write as a journal- "Earlier Dubuque." but look what/ist what he would not say as a turned up in the Vi'ake of the News/gentleman." s 7"he Oueatian Address All Communications to THE OBSERVER, BOX 479, FREEPORT, ILL. NOTICE. It Is Important that all questions be ined with the sender's name and COM- PLEIE addref {not initials); otherwise the queious will not be zmnvered. No names are ever published. Questlous which ask for a Vrivate answer ,must be accomvanied by a self-addremed.  stmged envelop*.. We invitl only honest and worthwhile uestionL Attention Each year during Lent We re- ceive many questions regarding the Lenten observance. We are an- swering this week in this column theusual questions asked. Please clip this information and kep it for future reference; thereby mu(:h doubt and trouble will be saved you. One who takes Lent serious- ly will not seek to "get by" with the least possible. He will keep the spirit of Lent as well as the let- ter. "For the letter killeth, but the spirit quickeneth" (11. Cor. 3:6). Q. Will you kindly give a clearer interpretation of the "working- man's indult," which was mention- ed in the Rules for Lent"? A. This is a privilege grantedby the Holy See to the bishops of the United States for people of their dioceses who cannot easily observe the common law of the Church. This privilege is an extension Df the "power of the keys" of binding and loosing, upon which authority it is based. By it workingmen and their fam- any sort of work, but rather those whose work is of an exhausting or tiring nature. In our opinion this would not include most office work- ers but rather applies to those who do manual, physical labor. Again it should be noted that the dispensation of this indult is not from the law of fasting but from the law of abstinence. The status of the individual members of the workingman's family regarding the law of fasting may be and usually is quite different. In general those excused from the law of fasting are the sick, people in poor or delicate health, and all lhDse, who can not properly fulfill their daily duties, if weakened by fasting. The Lenten Letter grants no dispensation from fasting. One's confessor or pastor must be consulted in this regard. Thus for wDrkingmen and the members of their families, who are obliged tD fast. the days Df fast and abstinence during Lent become days of fast alone. For them on these days, as the Wednesdays of Lent. meat is allowed but once at the principal meal. For those mem- bers of the family not obliged to fast the precept of fasting and ab- stinence on those days ceases en- tirely. Hence with. the exception of the days noted above they have on all other days of Lent the privilege to eat meat as often as they wish. FDr those, who are not working- men, as classified above, nDr belong Fetruarv 27, 1941 i i i P ge MyJ +'ui= a Little-Known Facts for Catholics'l00 Pastr ++'-'''- B,y Msgr. e e M. H. Wynhoven ,.r,.., Nibbling Non- Catholics Frances and Mercedes were ty- ing bundles of magazines, to he distributed by a charitable organi- 7'lT .4.xO . P'R r4q r. zation in the local hospitals. As usu- al, they dipped in- to a magazine now and/then to taste an interest- ing article. "Well, that's something," Cedie anhounced, in a satisfied voice. "What's s o m e- thing?" Fran wanted to know, "You lok like the cat that swallowed the canary., "I read in that last article that the Catholic Church here in Ameri- ca gets from 60 to 70 thousand con- verts every year. That's something tD brag about." "Yes, it's soming to be proud of, of course, but--" "But what? Fran, you're fast be- cDming a pessimist." "Oh riD, I'm not. It's just that in the last article that I read. the author claimed that the defections GTi'IOLIC 151,1 fro'm the Faith in America exceed- ("'LIN). I.- ed the number of converts." r "There you go--puncturing my ,-; best balloon again." "- "Sorry, darling. In fact, tbe ar- ticle went on to say that we should have fifty million Catholics in this = country instead of 22millions.'" ,| AI-I=--., =-- the E d f "That's tough. Certainly seems Lt;//UI=) /U I or to argue against the appeal of the I ____ Catholic Church if so many people I --- give up their allegiance to it." [To the Editor: lacking patliot for CathDlies "Not at all,Cedie. It doesn't prove I It was my privilege to sit in are first in 'ar. 'sin that the Church is a failure, anylon a peace rally last Thursday in The Pecords of Catholics in the more than that our own country islthe Cedar Rapids coliseum. The World war are sufficient evidence wrong, simply because we have thousands of citizens, born here who are becoming Socialists, Fas- cists, and Communists." "No, that's true. I see your point, Fran." "'Catholics who go back on their religion usually do it out of pet - sonal ignorance Dr sin--" "Sin? How do you mean?" "I mean. they're unable to cope with a moral restriction placed by the law of God or the rules of the Church." "Have you another ball of twine, Fran? I've used all I had. You know, I had a lovely argument with Helen only yesterday about wheth- er converts became better Catholics than bmn Cath61ics. I don't think they do, do you?" "Not necessarily, Cedie There is one thing about a serious con- vert. though--" "Now, don't you go over to Hel- en's side. I khought you were with me." "'I'm with both of yDU, angel. You see, as a rule, a convert knows his religion better than born Catho- lics because he's studied more and has changed his faith out of CDn- viction, after looking at the propo- sition front every angle." "Well, I do think most Catholics take things too much for granted." "You're right -- unforthnately -- Cedie. They're apt to be self- satisfied and complacent about their religion, and so they don't try to find DUt the whys and wherefores .of our beliefs." "Golly, I know that's true. I have the most awful time arguing with some Df my non-Catholic friends and trying to get them to under- stand things." "Shame on you, Cedie. Vhy don't vou get to work on )'out" de- ficiencies in doctrine?" ff'Nell, I would, but I don't know what to read. Have you any sug- gestions ?" "How about Cardinal Gibbons' The Faith of Our Fathers. or Fath- er Conway's Questioff Box, or The Faith of Millions, by Rev. J. A. a flop, and the constitution all distinguished speakers were the famous Notre Dame professor, the Ray. John A. O'Brien, and Verne Marshall, chairman of the No FDr- eigu V'ar committee. It was a meeting in which a sweet spirit, of Christian charity pervaded the atmosphere: no place for hysteria-spreaders like Dorothy Thompson. scandal-ofigued Vealter Vinchell or "We'll fight, You'll die" Senator Pepper. Father O'Brien. the first speaker, took for his text the declaration of Out" LDrd in His Sermon on the Mount. "Blessed are the peace. makers for the)r shall be called the children of God." It was a mag- nificent speech intended to arouse those present to express them- selves in opposition to America's participaliou in foreign wars. The speech was intended to arouse to action, but not to hate. A magnifi- cent example of Christian charity. Hate! Hate! Hate! We condemn Hitler for his hatred, and our po- litical gangsters re in the race to out-Hitlerize Hitler with their hate. A story now told and should be told from ten thousand pulpits and a hundred thousand platforms: a business man in an eastern town !wanted to be patriotic, so hung up a sign on his business house: "I'm a Hundred Per Cent Patriotic. I Hate All Foreigners." A competi- tor,of his wanted to surpass him in his patriotism so he had spread across his emporium: "I'm Two Hundred Pet' Cent American. .I Hate Everybody." It is prohably safe to say that very few of those responsible for our war hysteria, are getting down on their knees like Washington at Valley Forge and asking God's as- sistance in this dark hour. The Christian elements in this crusade is negligible. As I listened to Father O'Brien amidst Catholics and Protestants on the stage, the thought came forcefully borne to me that we as Catholics may shout: "Peace ! Peace!" from the housetops of the nation without being accused of O+r. or-- day ,.oy. +a,,,t,, +e,+ o+oo. H n write those dDwn. "Would they be goDd for my non-Catbolie friends tOO?" "If I were you I'd have them read The Sincere Seeker, by the Hope Haven Press, New Orleans. Our pastm- thinks it's perfect for "nibbling non-Catholics,' as he calls them--peDple whD aren't sure whether they want to take up the study of our religion seriously. It's written in aQ easy, engaging style, and it's comprehensive but small. and it can be read in a few [lout's.'" "I know where I can use a couple of copies of that book to good ad- vantage. You know. I've a good mind to leave a .copy where Dad will happen on it." "Good idea, Cedie, I've finished these magazines. Let me help ))u with yours, and then we'll-have time for a walk." from the obligation of fasting. A confessor's or pastor's dispensat{on from the obligation of fasting does not include a dispensation from the law of abstinence. Q. Is it a sin to dance in Lent? A. Things which are not sinful in themselves, such as modest danc- ing, do not become sinful at cer- tain seasons unless there is some positive law forbidding them. Thus eating meat, perfectly legitimate on other days. is sinful on Friday. only because of the positive prohibi- tion of the Church. There is no general Church law forbiding dan- cing during Lent, and accordingly, that particular circumstance of time does not render it sinful. There may be diocesan regulations on this point. About these consult the local authorities. Abstinence ;from dancing is recommended, hDw- ever. during Lent and other peni- tential'seasons as a means of prac- ticing self-denial and doing pen- ance.- which virtues are especially suited to Lent. Q. May Catholics go to shows on Sundays of Lent? May Catho- lics dance at private house parties on Sunday of Lent? A. Sundays in Lent are not a part of Lent so far as the Lenten fast is concerned, but in former times abstinence from meat and milk products was observed even on Sundays. This discipline has been considerbly relaxed in mod- ern times. But as far as the spirit Df penance and self-denial are eon- cerned. Sundays in Lent should otherwise be considered as a part of the Lenten season, and one of their patriotism. For your in- formation put this In your hat so you may have the facts when some future Klansman may challenge your patriotism: In the World war 30% of the army; 40% of the navy, and 50% of the marine corps were Catholic; the first soldier wounded, Louis J. Genella, was a Catholic; the first army officer killed, Lieut. Win. J. Fitzsimmons, was a Catholic: th$ first sailor killed, John I. Eupoluect, was a Catholic; the first nurse wounded. Beatrice M. McDonald, was a Catholic; the first to die on enemy ground. Joseph r Guy- ton, was a Catholic ;the first pris- oner of war, James Delaney, was & Catholic; the first to shell the en- emy, Alexander L. Arch, was & Catholic; the first to meet the en- emy in the air was a Catholic, Lieut. Fred W. Norton;, first com- mander of American division to capture important enemy division was a Catholic. Major General Rob- ert E. L. Bullard; one of the first three to die on lines, Thomas F. Enright, was a Catholic. There were a total Df 130,265 deaths in the World war. 21,856 were Catholic: 77822 Americans were killed overseas, 11,460 were Catholic. Front a survey of our Cathh  papers and periodicals, it is ' dent that the Catholic stands above tbe tumult of the flag-wavers and war-mongers today crying "Peace!" What care the Thompsons, the Pep- pers, the V'inchells, the Kalten- borns? They want war. A war makes a good show for these lads and lassies to report. Is it too late to protest against national suicide? Father O'Brien told us "No." He urged us by the thousands to send air-mail letters to our Washington representatives, and protest taking our manhood into any foolish inferno on foreign soil. Sincerely yours, (The Rev.) Win. M. Holub, Pastor of St. John's church, Placid, Iowa, Episf.les Explained for You First Sunday In Lent (11 Cor. 6:1-10) We are in Lent, the season for nmre attention to the purpose and end "of life, and for doing many more works of penance. The Church reads to us a most flitting Epistle as the keynote, the theme, of Lent. St. Paul. in this Epistle, is defend- ing and proving his-apostola.te to the Corinthians. You remember the Church at Corinth was troubled an(1 even endangered on account of quarreling parties or cliques. St. Paul's authority and right to preach was contested by some o the pro- I Judaism groups. His work was made light of; his way of preach- ing was belittled; his small, clumsy body was ridiculed; and he was even accused of pocketing some of the alms gathered for the poor and suering of Jerusalem. The mis- understood Apostle writes then, to plead his case. He proves by his sufferings and exemplary life that he is a true apostle; that the Lord is with him in giving him the vir- tue and grace to life. to heroicly suffer all "We exhort you that you receive not the grace of God in vain. For he saith . . . now is the accept- able time.'--St. Paul exhorts his corrverts to bring forth fruit worthy nature. It is, however, no sin. to go to decett shows and dances in Lent; but, we repeat, it is not the proper thing to do. On Sundays in towns where there are shows there are Lenten devotions, why not attend the latter? Parties can easily be put off until after Easter. Six weeks without shows and dances will harm no one; but on the con- trary, will do a great deal of good to one's spiritual and bodily health. Q. Where can I get a re/ic 6f a saint? A. They are obtained from Rome through a friend, or your pastor. or Bishop. Due to the war it is more difficult to obtain one now. Consult your pastor If you wish to use and venerate a relic, consult your parish priests--they may have a relic. " flies are dispensed from the law of] For thou hast lifted me up and cast me down. PUBLIC THANKS abstinence on all days of fast and I to" such a family, the common law My days arc like a dcclining shadow, I wish tD express my thanks pub- abstinence during Lent, with the I of fasting and abstinence applies. licly in The Witness to the Blessed exception of all Fridays, Ash I They may not eat meat at all on Q. We are farmers and work And 1 am withered like grass. _ Virgin  Mary, St. Anthony and St. Wednesday and the forenoon of I any of the days of fast and abstin- Note:- A prayer to God for forgiveness. . Jude for a very great favor re- Holy Saturday. I ence during Lent. even though they ceived, In this indult the term "working- are not obliged to fast, having A. Grateful Reader. men" does not mean those who do been dispesod by the confessor I ii =,.+ +- . 2 , - , r .. + .+E:-=-=-=:.-:':.+.= "- "--.0,-];._ >-.- - ::- - -. . -. -" - .7: -. - -'. .:][ .:':- - - -. . . : -. . . _ - . :  . . - - I$ r . " " " " "  " " ./-.:.:.':  :- -'dtC=v.::.z:;.z:. - -.<: .'= . . _ - ,. u _ : = ".:-, +-"+.-..: ,-. : :- .... ". -,.. -.. -= .,. :" - -__. : : ". -. - "-- . ... . . :: . . . . - . . " of their graces; that they cooperate with the Lord's work in them. He reminds them of the grandeur and power of the graces they have re- ceived and refers them to what the prophet lsaias had foretold relative to the graces which the Messiah was to bring his people. In the 49th chapter God the Father says to his servant the Messias, "'Behold, I have given thee to be the light of the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation even to the farthest part of the earth . . . St. Paul quotes but one phrase from Isaias and comments: this is the time foretold; nDW is the time at hand for you to use these graces and manifest the Lord before all in worthy lives. You are urged no longer to delay your bdtter living. No longer to put off until tomorrow your con- version fram a careless, lukewarm way. For you there is no better time to begin, no more favorable opportunity for grace than right now. "Walk with wisdom . . redeeming the time" (Col. 4:5). "Giving no offence to any man . . in all things let us exhibit ourselves as the ministers bf God." The good shepherd, St. Paul, now directs his church in the waYk living. He tells them to imi him; that in all things and in "fill circumstances so to live as to be au honor to Christ. the Master, for whom they live. To live correctly so that no scandal is caused but that God may be praised. "By the armour of justice on the right hand and on the left; by honor and dishonor; as deceivers yet true, etc." He directs them to live properly in all circumstances and at all times, in favorable or un- favorable, in prosperous or in ad- verse circumstances; whether they" receive honor or not; whether or not others speak well of you. "As dying and behold we live."-- The true Christian is ever dying to what the world regards essential, to conduct harmful to the soul. "[ die daily," says St. Paul (I Cor. 15:31). One dies to evil and error when wrong is overcome hy pen- ance. "Unless the grain of wheat die it remaineth alone. But if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. should avoid, in keeping witch the[quite hard, must we fast during Fpirit of the season, the ordinary[ Lent? Worldly amusemeflts such as dane-[ A. Farmers who work hard and es and shows, unless of-a religious[long are excused from fasting. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world, keepeth it unto life eternal" (John 12:24-26),