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February 27, 1941     The Observer
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FEBRUARY 27, 1941 Tl?r (00hsrrurr The 0tcial Organ of the Diocese of Rockford A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTID TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH ,.,.- VOL. VI, NO. 14. 7" i t The Note Book LOUVAIN U. FIGHTSFOR BY WM. HENRY ROWANI lialil, llail, PlilllJlaillA  . L INULPLflULflL;L Naziism vs. Christianity  Prefix to Lend.Lease Bill The Lend-Lease Bill Ap- praised We talk in vague terms of South America, the Monroe Doctrine, and the total defense of both Americas. Again, we refer to the western hemisphere, the glorious lands of the former Five Nations, the fiery Sioux, the qndomitable, betrayed, but unconquerable Apaches; the vast empire of Montezuma with his human sacrifices, pyramids of skulls, and vast treasures; the story of Peru, its curious totali- tarian government resembling the Japanese system, its golden hordes, silver spoils, and marvelous tem- ples, and its accumulation of the beautiful rare emeralds, the world's most valuable jewels, now worth - $3,000 a caret and up. What have we done to preserve, to protect, and to foster this vast domain of existing sources, this home of corn, the potato, cocoa and chocolate, quinine, rare food and medical plants, mineral wealth-- beyond comparison, this richest treasury of all the world. The gold, silver, and .priceless emeralds gathered by fire and sword flowed forth in sea galleons of inestimable value to Spain to finance the expensive courts and wars of the Emperor Charles and Xing Philip, except such. precious cargoes as fell into the hands of Raleigh, Drake, ethel., English pi- rates in an undeclared war against the Spanish empire. Note: The freebooters could not he classified as privateers, until and if war was declared. Morgan, afterwards made the English Gov- ernor of Jamaica, was a typical ex- ample. U $. Wheat and Corn Later, we of the United States of America, supplied Europe with wheat and corn sold at the Arian- tic seaboard as low as 25 cents a bushel, and rarely over 75 cents a bushel. We almost donated our precious woods--oak, walnut, and ship tim- bers. Number one pine was de- livered as" low as $9 a thmtsand board feet, oak at $15. Govern- (Continued on page 6) Why? Catholic Social Professors Dismissed by Nazis Lisbon.--Information receiv. :d here reviews the struggle for independence that is being waged by the Catholic Univer- sity of Louvain. Strong pres- sure from the outset of the German invasion has beerl brought to bear to force the in- tellectual elements of Belgium to become supporters of the "'new order." In the State Universities of Ghent and Liege this has been compara- tively easy. In each instance a Ger- man commissary was appointed and necessary arrangements made so that the National Socialist spirit was injected into lecture courses. Pressure On University similar pressure was applied at the University of Louvain. Several professors known for their support of Catholic social teaching were dis- missed. The desire of the German authorities was to introduce pro- fessors who would explain Nazi doc- trines to the students. This attempt to infiltrate N a tio n a 1 Socia"list teachings in the institution has met with firm opposition from His Emin- ence Joseph Cardinal Van Racy, Primate of Belgium. At the Cardinal's direction, the opening of the University for the fall term was postponed. Later Na- zi officials caused a report to be spread that the institution would open on Nov. 12. This did not oc- cur. Actually the university opened on Nov. 22, with more than 4,000 students and with no Gernmn pro- fessors. 'We Irish Can't Be Neutral' New York.--Stating that "sym- pathy of the Irish,for the Negro is a t,:adition which dates back to the earliest days of the anti-slavery struggle," James McGurrin, presi- dent-genetal of the American-Irish seeiety; writing in the Interracial Review, recalls instances in which Irish leaders championed the cause of" the colored. " The following questions were BskL=O - by non-Catholic*. The answers have been compiled by the Rev. Richard Felix, O.S.B, Conception, Me come to our, Savior and held them back. But when Jesus saw it, He was much displeased and saith to them: Suffer the little children to some unto Me apd forbid them not, for df such is the Kingdom of God. And embracing them and lav- ing His hands upon them, t;Ie blessed them" (Mark 10, 14). If children were cap.able of receiving a blessing froth our Lord, why sliould thev. not be just a/ capable of receiving o=ne of our L o r d' s Sacrament's? Thev were invited to receive a blessing; they were command- ed to be brought to Him for His divine embrace. He thinks no less ofchildren today. Saint Paul, we know, baptized whole families when the head of the family was converted (cf. Acts 1, 15; 1 Car. 1, 1). Thus. Saint Paul gave to v6ung and old the Sacrament o( regeneration and spiritual adoption into the fam- ily of ,God. By the command of God all male infants had to be circum- cised in the Old Law. The New Law completes and perfects the Old Law in this matter as in all others. The necessity of infant baptism follows from the the fact that children too have contracted the guilt of Original Sin. "As by one man sin entered into this'world, and i Mr. McGnrrin's article Is a sequel Why baptize children? They to one by Thomas F. Doyle in a " row n Irecent issue f the Interracial P,e- should watt until they g p. . . 9 ..... t Be .... . ,., t view entitled e Imsh Can . Delore tne coming at tneiNentral,, I-Iolv Ghost, some of the Dis-I" lr. McGnrrin recalls an episode ciples of our Lord seemed tolin the life of Daniel O'Connell, re- tl,;,t, *h" same s you They[Counted by Wendell Phillips. lttaa L  tt * , . . , - . ,.( ] ' An English Tory approacheu the sa% no ooo m orlngmg Chit g - IrLh liberator In 1830, saying, dren or allowing chldren to .'O'Connell, if you will never go d o w n to Freemasons' hall with Buxton and Bougham here are 27 votes on every Irish question'." he relates. "'If you work for these Abolitionists, c oun t us always against you.' "And O'Connelt's r e ply. ws: 'Gentlemen, God knows I speak for the saddest people under the sun, but mat" my right hand forget its cunning and my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth if even to save Ireland I forget the Negro for one single hmtr'." "We have the lstimony of Fred- Convert-Nun B ister Fanny Allen, sister of 'er- mont's hero of the American war for independence, who is the subject of a biography by Sister Helen Morrissey. The convert-nun, who died in. 1819, is pictured" here as a religious hospitaller of St. Joseph, and was one of the few English- speaking nuns stationed at the famous Hotel Dieu in Montreal. Portugal a Haven For War Orphans Iishon.--All of the newspaper,' 5f Portugal are devoting consider able space to the suggestion thai this country organize a great pro gram for refugee children from the nations at war. The idea that Portugal should become a haven for youthful wa] Victims was first put forward b3 Diario de Noticias. It has wor support on all sides, including thal of Church and State officials. His Eminence Emmanuel Cardin al Goncalves Cerejeira. commend ing the suggestion, said: "In th midst of se much hatred, anxiet3 and doubt, this suggestion is con soling and refreshing. I pray thal it may find an echo in all heart., particularly the hearts of those ir authority, who can utter the word, that will allow this humane ant generous project to become a fact Perhaps it will be impossible. Yet how wonderful it would be if wc could transform Portugal into great garden of children, where they might laugh and sing in peace and learn to love God and theil neighbor. I pray that all the world may join in this movement." Protestants Honor CatholiEPaSfb-r ......... Greenport, L. I.--A farewell din. her was tendered the Rev. John H. King, pastor of St. Agnes church here, by the Protestant clergy ol Greenport. Father King. who has been pas. tor of St Agnes church for the mst seven years, has been named pastor of Our Lady of the Presenta. ion church in Brooklyn. erick Douglass," Mr. McGurrin adds, "that when he visited Ire- land in 1845. he 'not only found a t o t a 1 absence of all prejudice against me because of my color, but was everywhere treated as a man and as a child of the common Father of us all.' While. in Ire- land Douglass was a hero to lhe whole Irish nation O'Connell pre- sided at his meetings, the Lord Myor of Cork gave a public break- fast ill his honor, while the great Father Mathew entertained him at his home and presented him with a sih'er crucifix." 'Totalitarian Nations Cannot Build Lasting Cultures'-Sigrid Undset by sin death: and so death selves." she added, saying that passed upon all men, in whom "they use all the means of modern nave" smneo" "" (pom." 3" 1-),). I propaganda and educational, tech- .. , ._ ,--, " ,I nique to prevent their countrymen xlsm atone remits urtgt'nai Ierom thinking for. themselves, and Sin. All men must bc baptized. I thus fl'om being less easily led ,m Christ makes no exceptions, the way their leaders would drive "Unless a man be born a/-ain of] them. With lies and with horror : 1 ..... ' - I National Socialism and National ater ant tim Holy thost he s m " . , ]Communi.m are stri "' g to foster cannot enter into the Kingdom in the human intellect all the quali- of God" (Jno. 3, 5). The early ties that will make it important to Fathers of the Church are un- think straight, that will weaken its sense of reality." Wiudso, Canada.--"None of the] states which have embraced one or[ the other of totalitarian ideologies[ will ever be able to build a lasting[ structure that men can live and[ make their home in," declared Sig-[ rid Undset,. famous Catholic novel-I ist, in the address she gave here this week on receiving the first an- nual Christian Culture award of Assumption college. -Speaking on "The Core of Chris- tian Culture." Madame U n d s e t stressed that the "'most hmTible" qf all the present war's horrors "is the fact that now men who feel themselves called upon to be the leaders of their people have chosela lies as their chief weapon." These leaders, she declared, "deliberately propagate superstitions which they cannot possibly believe in them- No Basis for Societ Madame Undset asserted that "on such ideologies you cannot build a society in fact. t;ou cannot build anything on them. Never for a mo- ment have I believed that any of the states that have embraced one or the other of the totalitarian ide- ologies will, ever be able to build a lasting structure that men can live and make their home in. The battle between the totalitarian and the democratic and professedly Christian nations is not about which of them shall build a world according to their different ideals and ideas. Our battle is a-battle to stem the tide of destruction, theirs to fitarch on. They must attempt animous in insisting on infant baptism, basing it on the uni- versal command of Christ to "teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Fath- er, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost" (Matt. 28, 19). Space permits us to mention but one of them. St. Irenaeus, who was a pupil of St. Poly- carp, a disciple of St. John, has this to say: "Christ came to save all men who through Him are born again unto God; in- fants and children, boys and youths, and elders (Ad. Haer. Sigrid Undset ple, they must suck the life-blood out of them to prolong their own existence for a while, they must ever seek fresh prey from contin- ent to continent. For us there is the effort to fight their lethal ideolo- gies while we try to drive them back by armed forces." Madame Undset said "the demo- cratic coception of human life will ever contain the elements neces- sary for a possible regeneration of society, for new adjustments and bettering of the people's conditions under leadership of the fittest indi- viduals, namely, the men and wom- en who have the courage and the will to respect truth, whether they seek the true laws of nature that environs us, or the truth of human nature." ,NATIVE OF SPAIN DIES Los Angeles.--Third priest of the Los Angeles archdiocese to die within a week's period, the. Rev. John Montana, a native of Spain who had served here 19 years, was buried after requiem Mass at the HawaiiNow UNITY D i o c e s a n DEMOCRACY Islands Become INDUSTRY Suffragan of ITO PROMOTE San Francisco Clergymen Urge T"00''c00riato] BIBLE READING Boards to Avert. Apostolic of the Hawaiianl Islands has been raised to the I Strikes rank of a diocese and created a suffragan See of the Archdio- cese of San Francisco, it is announced in word from Vati- can City received here last week b{- Itis Excellency the Most tev. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, apostolic delegate to the United States. Because of the growth of the Church in a field which was set up as a prefecture apostolic in 1826, and elevated to a vicariate in 1844, this action indicates that the Ha- waiian Islands are no longer re- garded as a missionary territory. and accordingly have been removed from dependency on the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. When the seeds of the Faith were first planted in Hawaii, it was an unfriendly soil on which hostile forces kept alive an annoying and unrelenting persecution. These forces were chiefly Protestant mis- sionaries from New England The area, then the Prefecture postolic of the Sandwich Islands, was en- trusted to the Fathers of the Sac- red Hearts of Jesus and Mary (the Picpus Fathers), and when the first three missionaries arrived on the Island of Oahu in July, 1827, they were confronted with badgering ca]- culated to hamper and stop their labors. Two of the priests were de- ported and landed on an isolated spot in Lower California. When the Rev. Robert Walsh, an Irish Pic- pus Father, arrived in Honolulu in 1836, it was only through the inter- vention of the British consul that he was able to remain on the island in spite of the ill-will of the Protes- tant party. "Edit of Tolerance - It was not until 1839, following a visit by the French man-of-war Ar- temise, that the "Edict of Toler- ance" issued from King Kameha- meha permitting Catholic priests freedom to carry on their work. Today, the Church has expanded in the Telritory of Hawaii until Catholics number approximately one-fourth of the population. In 1840, just one year after the "Edict of:Tolerance." ground was broken for the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, which still stands 'ifi"Fbi=t stFd[ifi Hdfi'o'hrIu. Today there are more than a hundxed chut-ches and chapels in the dio- cese. In 1859, a boarding school for girls was established on additional ground that had been acquired near the Cathedt;al. In the meautime, a school for boys known as Ahuimanu was established on land granted to the mission by the Hawaiiau ruler. Ahuimanu later gave way to St. Louis college, now one of the lead- ing educational institutions of the territory. Out standing among the many he- roic Picpus Fathers who have la- bored in the Hawaiian Islands is Father Damien (Joseph DeVeuster), the world-renowned apostle of the leper colony at Molokai. Father Da- mien arrived at Honolulu in 1864, and labored on the Island of Ha- waii for nine years. Then, when the government began to segregate the lepers in the colony at Molokai, he chose to go and serve them. For twelve years he was a father, doctor and nurse to these afflicted without contracting their dread scourge Then he,.too, fell victim to it. He carried on his arduous labors for four more years, how- eve', before taking to his bed, on March 25, 1889. He died less than three weeks later. April 15, 1889. Embracing a total area of 6,449 square miles, the territory consti- tuting the new Diocese of Hawaii has a total population of some 400.- 000. of whom more than 118.000 are Catholics, according to the latest Official Catholic Directory. Where- as the Picpus Fathers constitute the vast majority of the clergy in the diocese, there are also Fathers of Maryknoll and of the Society of Mary laboring there. Some 80 Brothers of three different religious orders and more than 300 nuns of four different sisterhoods also are at work in Hawaii. There are more than 8,000 students enrolled in Catholic educational institutions of various levels. CDA,Add 4,000 New Members New York.--Four thousand new members have been added to the rolls of the Catholic Daughters of America during the last six months, tt was announced today. as plans were made for the meet- ing of the Supreme Directorate here Feh. 27 and 2S. Miss Mary C. Duffy, supreme regent, of Sout Orange. N J.. will preside. The part that members of the C.D.A. will play in the national defense program will be one of the mat- ters given serious consideration. An increased interest in the ob- jectives of the study clubs in the field of adult education and religi- ous discussions will be reported at the meeting by Mrs. Lulu Spilde. national chairman of the study club committee. The widely spread so- cial welfare program of he C.D.A. in 1.500 C.D.A. courts, or local units, will be reported by Miss Mary E. Keough. of Rutland. Vt.. national chairman of the Social Welfare committee. Miss Mazie V. Scanlan. of Mar- gate, N. J. national chairman of the C.D.A. Juniors, and Miss Flor- ence Winter. of Washington, D. C., chairman of the organizations of the Convert league, will report on their groups. The Most Rev. William J. Hafey, Bishop of Srauton nd national chaplain of the Catholic Iughters, May 18 Designated As 'Biblical Sunday' ,'ashington.--Declaring it is im- portant that Catholics keep closely in touch with developments in the Herculean task of promotiug the labors of the Board of Spiritual Scholars, the Episcopal Committee on the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, in keeping with a resolu- tion of the meeling of the American hierarchy last November. has desig- nated Sunday, May 18, as "Biblical Sunday." Totalitarianism's attempt to re- store the pagan all-powerful State, and the gradual drifting away from doctriual beliefs and moral stand- dards, are only a few incentives why the attention of the Faithful should be called to the Sacred Scriptures, the announcement said. The Confraternity committee of which the Most Rex'. Johu T. Mc- Nicholas, O.P.. Archbishop of Cin- cinnati, and the Most Rev. John Gregory Murray, Archhishop of St. Paul, with the Most Rev. Edwiu V. O'Hara, Bishop of Kansas City, as, episcopal chairman, are members, has witnessed for the past five years the inspired lahors that have dominated the members of tbe Board of Scriptural Scholars en- gaged on the revision of the Rheims-Challouer New Testament. Purpose of Edition "In order to bring the Sacred Scriptures. especially the New Tes- tament, closer to the faithful, a large group of biblical scholars and theologians have labored for five years to produce a new edition of the accepted Rheims-Challoner ver- stun, wmtten m acceptable Eng- lish." the announcement said. "The Confraternity comntittee earnestly recommends he fi'uits of the zeal and scholarship of these devoted priests, in their efforts to share and present to theCatholics of America, the i)eautiful treasures of truththat the)" themselves have become still more conscious of in the laborious task of revising the Bible." In telling the aim of "Biblical Sunday," the announcement said: "The purpose and intent of the corn-Bitter Will engage the ittention of all thinking Catholics. "'Biblical Sunday' will call the attention of the Faithful to the Sacred Scriptures. "It will commemorate the publi- cation ofthe Confraternity .edition of the Rheims-Chlloner New Testa- ment. "It will hope to secure the dis- tribution of this New Testament in every Catholic home. "The first edition of this revision of the New Testament will contain about 800 pages 5!2x7!.., inches, and will be produced on a non- commercial basis in order to bring a copy of the New Testament into every Catholic home." Press Memory Books Suggested As Hobby St. Paul. A Catholic Press mem- ory book is suggested as a useful and permanent hohhy for adoles- cent boys and girls, in an article written by the Rex'. Louis A. Gales in the February issue of Telling Facts. Father Gales director of the Catechetical guild and managing editor of the Catholic Digest, sees the memory book as an effective way of bringing young people to read Catholic papers. He urges teachers to suggest this hobby to their pupils, pointing out that any scrapbook can provide the start. Once they have begun to keep the book. Father Gales says, youngsters will eagerly search their Catholic papers for gems to save. Teachers can encourage the project, he adds. by calling upon the children from f time to time to write or talk in I public speaking class on some de- I partment of their Catholic Press I memm'y books. Various headings I such-as history. Catholic Action,[ Missions, etc.. can be suggested for the book. " Catholic Librarians To Meet April 16-18 New Orleans. The eighteenth annual conference of the Catholic Library associations will be held at the Hotel Rooseveh, New Orleans, April 16 to 1S in conjunction with the thirty-eighth annual meeting of the National Catholic Educational association. t was annonnced by Eugene P. Willging, executive sec- retary. Mrs. Lena Marcy, of Lo- yola university, is the chairman of the local arrangements committee and will be assisted by Sister Re- dempta of Xavier university, and Mother St. Paul, of Ursuline col- lege. The first general session will be devoted to a symposium on "Read- ing and Education" under the chair- manship of the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Johi! M. Wolfe. archdiocesan superinten- dent of schools of Dubuque. Moth- er Mary Agatha. founder of the Wil- mington Diocesan library, is to discuss methods used in making persons reading conscious. Notice to Correspondence Beginning with issue of March 6 all news for publication must be in this office not later than Tuesday morning of the week of publication. Address all communications to The Observer, Bo 479, Freeport, Ill, Vash4ngton.-- Calling upon the govermnent to "set up in every de= fense and major industry a coopera- tive board of employers, organized labor and government, with con- sumer representation included," as a means of safeguarding and ex- tending the principle of democracy in American industry, a statement, signed by 652 clergymen of all faith, was issued here today, of The signatures were obtained by the Social Action department the National Catholic Welfare Con- ference, the Industrial Division of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, the Social Justice commission of the Central Conference of American Rabbis. and the Social Justice committee of the Rabbinical Assembly of America. To Avert Strikes "An important aud immediate function of such boards would be to provide for the voluntary elim- ination of strikes and lockouts by a mutually acceptable and indepen- dent system of arbitration of indus- trial disputes," the statement said. Calling for measures to protect and extend "the principle of demo- cratic relationships in industrial life in these critical days," the clergy- men joined in warning against any "ill-advised action" which might imperil "'the foundations of Ameri- can democracy." The statement pointed out that "for many years, churches of all faiths have urged the preservation and extension of more democratic relationships in industrial life. in- cluding recognition of organized employers, organized labor, and or- ganized consumers." Cooperative Unity Equally important in a democracy to effective prodnctiml itself, the statement says. is "production that keeps men free, makes them re- spousible stewards of their owner- ship and work, and strengthens them in cooperative unity to fulfill their duties and functions in the general life of the country." The signers expressed confidence that the nation's employers and all hranches of the labor movement would cooperate iu the suggested prograln. In conclusion the statement em- phasizes the "crisis at home" which centers in the problem of "how the people of the country can get nor- nml work and well-being both now and when the defense needs sub- side" Arc shop Serves Unemployed at Dinner Montreal.--With a white apron over his cassock, the Most Rev. Joseph Charbonneau. Archbishop of Montreal, went about the dining room at St. Peter's hall here and helped to serve 400 unemployed men. Each year the Oblate Fathers are hosts to a large gathering of men who have been unable to obtain work. Nun Who Directed Newsboys' Home Dies IDemand Peace For America Fights For Peace SENATOR GUY M. GILLETTE Washington, D. C.--Senator Guy M. Gillette, ef Iowa, went on record in opposition to the Lend-Lease bill in Congress last Friday. "I will not support any proposal to dissipate (United States) de- fense resources now and leave merica defenseless or greatly weakened by the participatiou in a foreign conflict which means war involvement now and is war now, regardless of our attempts to dis- guise the facts by self-deception," I said Senator Gillette. ] He said that he wanted to "see Naziism defeated" and "America I prepared for defense," but that to say that "Great Britain is fiting our war, in all logic wofild necessi- tate an imediate declaration of war" by the United States on Ger- I many." If he thought that to be i true, he himself would vote for war. /'But I do not hold any such be- New Orleans. Sister Mary Fred- ericka, who for approximately 25 years of her life as a Sister of director of the "Western Hemi- Mercy was in charge of a News- sphere Center of Girl Guides and boys' home here, has died at the Girl Scouts. according to an an- age of 73. About two weeks ago lnuncement from Gi'l Scout nation-! she suffered a fall at the convent[ al headquarters. of the Sisters of Mercy. I Mrs. A. F. G. Leigh-Vhite. of At the Newsboys" lome, which[London, England. who established was closed about 20 years ago. a ithe Center here a few months ago boy could get lodging and meals[is new on a good will tour of Girl I for _0 cents a day. Classes were Scout centers in Latin America. conducted from 7 to 9 p.m. Both women are Catholics. Father John O'Brien and Verne Marshall Speak at Rally Cedar Rapids.--The people of the Middle \\;Vest are generally opposed to the involvement of the United States in the Euro- pean war, according to the re- action of the large crowd at the non-partisan peace ralh" held here last Thursday in Memorial coliseum. Before the meeting ended a resolution was adopt- ed by an almost unanimous vote to send a .message to \\;Vashington, on behalf of "the several thousand citizens gath- ered here," urging that the i Lend-lease bill be killed i the Senate. The speakers on the program were the Rev. Dr. John A. O'Bren of Notre D am e university and Verne Marshall of Cedar Rapids. Father O'Brien in his opening re- marks declared that he had not come to "strike a religious chord or to sound any partisan note. but simply as a fellow American" to discuss a matter of vital concern to all Americans. Admirer of Roosevelt The speaker said that he deeply admired President Roosevelt for his magnificent accomplishments in the field o{ social reforms; but that he was opposing the president now for the simple reason that he believed the placing of unlimited powers--as contemplated by H. R. 1776--in the hands of any one man would mean the death of American democracy. Fathm: O'Brien also made it plain that he abominated Hitlerism and had "nothing but scorn for Ger- many's bloody and terroristic meth- od.;' He declared that hi heart was liefs," he went on to say, "and if we set upon one thing onlY--leace for are to gamble the entire resources[the American people. of the Un ted States on this one .... throw of the dice, based on the ,ommOn :eOple want P;;ce argument 'this is our war the Everywher. in the "or , the ,American people are entitled to speaker ae,ted, the con, mOizePeO- complete facts and proof beyond ple, tile reat mass o[ c doubt that this great gamb e is ardently desire peace. He said that ........ now essent_l.'a" Ihe had trav,qed through Italy., Hun- ......... [gary, Germany, France and Eng- : "ut iUl-ttlel" " ne sal(l "tills pro- - . , , . Iland, anu everthere had found gram commits us to the rejection  - . ,'.. , I the same desperate longmg for the o[ any peace V, UlCn may De nego " , " -I restoration of peace and normal tiated with the Axis powers--onlYlwav s of life a peace in which they are de-fcated ." ". ....... j in express ng hiS conviction tnat and eiiminated ill meet with our purpose and approval" the overwhelming majority of Americans want no part in Eu- "l ca!not vote to pass any meas-I rope's war, he pointed out the ure which will pernnt the Presl- dan er of bein misled into foil dent of the United States, or any by hat he caged a blind unre man under God's Almighty Heav- " . . ' ......... - . _ [sonmg patr=otsm that may cause ens [o lt In tne international paR- *h eo ....... ' ' . ..... ,x p pie XO TOIIOW national leau- er game o[ power polltlcs anti stake I - ' w th u " " ........... ershp which o t in the leas in nls Olscretlon nv ms jungment ,,,,H , 'H = -  -'- . " " . .. -  In ........ ,.j O 0 ., CUUlU o['ay of the vahte ot each play. all tile .... . .  .- ,. . ..... " . . them rlu destroy democracy II[SeiT, resources Ot tne Unlteu tales oi America, the life. the liberty, the Disservice.to World happiness, the security and per- "I am persuaded." he said, that haps the blood of her citizens." the worst disservice America could render to the world would be to send millions of American boys to Named Acting Head be slaughtered in Europe." " IIe declared t hat war never Of Girl Scout Proiect solved ant' problem, that war never , ..........  ,-_ produced peace that "war is blas- .N ew I OI'K,--AIrS. tll 1. l.|ll" . ' .... : _:,_ _:_,_,, phemv against God and a cruct- merer, Jr., OL LlllS city, a lbLllt . . " __ . ,, fxmn of numamt) secretary Of the Girl Scout national " " executive committee, is now acting He warned against accepting at. Monsignor Fulton J. Sheen, of the faculty of the Schooi of Philos- ophy, Catholic University of America, receives the 100,000th letter in response to his eleventh annual series of talks on the Catholic Hour radio program, which is produced by the National Council of Catholic Men. Msgr. Sheen, who is speaking on the general subject of "War and Guilt," is pictured with Edward J. Heffron, executive ecretary of the:N. C. C.M. The letter was sent by John T. Me- Catty, of.Oak.Park,_]11., face-value the orders of an adminis- tration which. "while talking peace is day by day and hour by hour puilin America closer and closer to the flames of war." Prolonged applause followed Dr. O'Brien's impassioned closin g words: "The plain people of Am'er. ira want peacel Want peace[ Want peace l" Marshall Applauded Verne Marshall received a gen- uine ovation when he stepped te the microphone. The audience arose an d applauded long and loudly. He reviewed the history of Amer- ica the early struggle to establish a land of peace, a haven of free- dom the world's only real democ- racy. He reminded his hearers that the foundation of our democracy is the Constitution. Raps Gallup's Methods Mr. Marshall called attention to the peculiar fact that recent Gallup polls, which purport to show a sub- stantial- sentiment in favor of American intervention in Europe, are cunningly worded to secure the greatest pro-war response. "Not once." he said. "has Mr. Gal- lup asked anybody, 'Do you favor extending aid to any European na- tion if such aid involves sending millions of American boys te fight and die on foreign soil?'" He was greeted with prolonged applause when he said: "If my neighbor's house was afire I shouldn't merely lend him my gar- den hose; I ought to take the hose over there myself and use it to help him provided, of course, he didn't start the fire deliberately for rea- sons of his own." Contest On 'Catholic 00Church and the Negro" Philadelphia.--An essay contest ion "'The Catholic Church and the Negro" under the auspices of the t Catholic Intercollegiate Interracial 'Council for Catholic high school students in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia is being held and will close on' Easter Sunday, April :13. The winning essay will receive a prize of $15, the next best paper $10. and that ranked third $5. Ac- cording to the contest plan, each school is to submit its best essays. M. Francis Caulfield, of SL Joseph's college here, is chairman of the ontest committee.