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February 11, 1951     The Observer
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February 11, 1951

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Sunday, February II, 1951 FHE OBSERVER EDITION OF OUR SUNDAY VISITOR News Section--Page 3A ph's College]Pineer Church Builder In Philadelphia Centenary Philadelphia --(NC)-- Four for- mer presidents of the institution were among the 1,1O0 persons pre- sent at a dinner which marked the inauguration of the Centenary year of St. Joseph's College, here. The dinner was held in the Me- morial Field House on the college campus. A message of felicitation from His Holiness Pope Plus XII was read at the dinner. Similar mes- sages were read from President Harry S. Truman, His Eminence Dennis Cardinal Dougherty, Arch- bishop of Philadelphia; the Very I New York--(NC)--The story of the Rev. Samuel Mazzuchelli, O.P., Italian pioneer priest in the Middle West, is told in a new book, "The Seed and the Glo'y, by Mary Fllen Evans, published here by Me- Mulls Books, Inc. Missionary, architect, city-plan- net" and linguist, ],~ather Mazzu- chelli was one of the outstanding builders of the Church in America. In 1835 he founded the first per- manent parish in the upper Mis- sissippi valley--St. Raphael's in Dubuque, Is. He also founded the first permanent parishes in But'- 'lington and Davenport, Ia., and Green Bay and Madisqn, Was., and.a number of other Mid-West- ern cities. He designed the first building in Iowa City and the first court house in Galena, Ill., in ad- He drew up the plans for the cities of Davenport and Iowa City. He published the first book in a Sioux language and the first book in the old Wisconsin Territory. He was~ chaplain of the first Wisconsin legislature and addressed its open- ing session. The Iowa senate held its first meeting in a church he had built in Burlington. Father Mazzuchelli was born in Milan, Italy, in 1806, the son of prominent and well-to-do parents. He joined the Dominicans and in 1828, after hearing of the urgent need for priests in this country, volunteered for the American ntis- sions. On his way here, he stopped in Paris long enough to learn French. After arriving in Cincin- nati, he was sent by Bishop Ed- ward D. Fenwick, O.P., first Bishop complete his theological studies and learn English. He was ordain- ed in 1830. His first post was Mackinac Island, the most remote spot in Bishop Fenwick's diocese. There he rebuilt a long-neglected chapel and began preaching to the settlers in English and French and--for the time being through interpreters --to the Indians. When he arrived at Mackinac, Father Mazzuchelli was the only ~riest between that island and the ississippi, throughout the area of the Wisconsin and Iowa Territor- ies. That region had originally been evangelized by Pere Marquette, but the Jesuit's missions had been abandoned during the eighteenth century. To work among the Indians of ominees and Winnehagoes--Father Mazzuchelli had to travel frequent- fly. By canoe in summer and snow- shoes" in the winter, he visited Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Green Bay, Prairie du Chien, Wise., and many other settlements. In Green Bay he estal)lished the first Catholic school in the Wisconsin Territory. In 1833, with tile arriva'i of more priests, his mission territory was reduced to Wisconsin. In addition to his many other activities, which included a trip back to Europe to recruit more priests for the Amer- ican missions and his duties as I'rovincial of the Dominican Order, he founded a nmn's college in Sin- sinawa, Wise., and, in 1849, estab- lished the Congregation of the Sis- ters of St. Dominic of the Most Italy Rosary. He died of pneu- monia contracted during a sick call Rev. John B. Janssens, General of dition to building many churches, of Cincinnati, to the seminary to his vast parish--among the Men- in Benton, Wise, in 1864. the Society of Jesus, who has his ............................................................................. headquarters in Rome, and from Mayor Bernard Samuel of Phila- delphia. The dinner, also served as an of- ficial welcome for the Very Rev. Edward G. Jacklin, S.J.. who as- sumed the rectorship of St. Jo- seph's College last August. The former ~residents of St. Joseph's College included the Rev. John J. Long, S.J., 1944-50; the Ray. Thomas J. Love, S.J., 1939- 40; the Rev. Thomas J. Higgins, S.J., 1933-39, the Rev. William D. Tallon, S.J., 1928-33. Father Jacklin, himself a gradu- ate of St. Joseph's College High School, said "for a century, in good days and bad, St. Joseph's has been the champion of a liberal humanistic and Christian tradition which it believes is fundamentally the soundest and wisest conceived by man." "The widespread trend today to- wards the general education indi- cates the correctness of the belief." he added, "and the record of St. Joseph's alumni in medicine, law, business, science, education, gov- ernment and the Church confrms the judgment." The presidents of 16 other col- leges in the Philadelphia area were present and felicitated the school on its contribution to education in the last century. arvar SHIELDS OIL CO. Skelly Products Gasoline and Fuel Oil Rt. 14 HARVARD Phone 31 GROCERY and MARKET Formerly Strains TEL. 280-281 48 AYER ST. HARVARD, ILL. I i Fred W. Barlow & Son ICE- COAL- COKE KOL-MASTER STOKERS POCAHONTAS STOKERS Automatic Bin Feed and Ash Removal Phone 38 Harvard, Illinois eno J Edward Brockman, Prop. / Telephone 78 Genoa, III. ANDREW G. MILLER EXCAVATING AND' FARM DRAINAGE All Type Sulldozln8 Work PHONE DUNDEE 81Sit2 . GILSERTS, ILL. Sl I ANGELS GUARD CHAPEL ENTRANCE if!i: Bishop John Iv. Nell officiated at the dedication of Blessed Sacrament Chapel in Fort Wayne, Ind., January 21, and said the first Mass there. The chapel is of the most modern design and in front of it is a pylon on which stands a huge carved figure of Our Lord holding a chalice with the host and giving a blessing to everybody walking on tile street, Behind the pylon is the main entrance on either side of which are two life-size angels (above) in gold bronze and between them is " a monstrance. The sculpture work v/as done by Eugene Kormendy. i artlst in residence at the University of Notre Dame. (NC Photos) Against 'Inspired.' Ch,na New York--(NC) -- A subtle communist drive to destroy the Catholic Church and all true Chris- tianity in China, a program which in its next phase will bring the expulsion of all missionaries next year at the latest, is laid bare in detail by information received at the headquarters of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, here. Assaying this information, Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, national di- rector of the Society for the Pro- pagation of the Faith, warned against what he called "inspired information" which newspaper correspondents sometimes send out of China. He said more than I00 priests, Brothers and Sisters-died as "mar- tyrs to the Faith" in China be- tween 1945 and 1950, "during the prelude to the communist regime," and that these sacrifices J'indicate that Catholics of China are not them to America, are not to be be- lieved." "The communists are already sen(ling out through American newspaper correspondents, reports of great numbers of Catholics who are signing the manifesto against 'foreign imperialism,'" he added. Spiritual Moderators Of Lay Organizations To Attend Workshops Indianapolis --(NC)-- An Indi- ana Regional Workshop for spir- itual moderators of lay orgamza- tions will be held here February 12 and 13. Discussions will concern the Church's task of influencing the community through the laity, spe- cific community problems of urban and rm'al areas of Indiana, and sel. ectioa and spiritual formation of lay leaders. Archbishop Paul Schulte of Indi- anapolis, host to the workshop, will welcome the delegates. Besides the Indianapolis archdiocese, the Di- oceses of Evansville, Fort Wayne and Lafayette will participate. Another regional workshop has been scheduled for Covington, Ky., April 3 and 4. Dioceses of the Louisville Province, including Ken- i tueky and Tennessee, will take part. Four Priests weakening in their faith and that the American correspondents who accept fligures on the success of the eommumst regime and then cable The warning was delivered by Zdenek Fierlinger, communist Dep- Said Sentenced Communist Court Vienna -- (NC) -- Four more Catholic priests have been senten- ced to prison terms on charges of high treason and espionage, accord- ing to an announcement by tlle of- ficial communist Czechoslovak News Agency. The priests were reported to be part of a group of seven people sentenced by a Prague State court to prison terms ranging from 20 months to 25 years. The priests were identified as the Revs. Vladimir Pacha, sentenced to 20 years; Alfons Kovak, a Prag- ue Salesian, sentenced to 11 years; Antonin Dvorak of Olomouc sen- tenced to 13 years, and Herman Tyl, abbot of the Tepla monastery near Marianske Lazne, sentenced to 12 years. The priests were accused of "complicity in terrorist activities," distribution of "seditious" pamph- lets, and assisting individuals to escape the country. In addition, Father Picha was charged with hiding explosives in the Church of Our Lady of Victory and of having agreed in the spring of 1948 to deliver news "to the spy and editor of the United Press, Jan Stransky." Mr. Strans- ky is reported to have been in con- finement since last May. At the same time a new warning was issued by the Czech regime that the Church would suffer "a terrible defeat" if it tried to resist the process of communizing the country. uty Prime Minister and head of the State Office for Church Af- fairs. "Not even the Church can ignore the newly created community and its order," the Red leader threat- ened. "It must not place itself in the way of progress. Otherwise a terrible defeat awaits it." Implements A. J. ZIMMER CASE TRACTORS Tel. 3228 Virgil, Illinois FARM MACHINERY ...... m ........ Plumbing R. L. 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