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February 6, 1936     The Observer
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! . A Catholic paper stimulates piety, a love of Catholic ideals, and an interest - In the activities of the Church of Christ. It makes for a great advance In the knowledge and love of religion. 4 The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rockford "You are my voice. I do not say that you make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few in- deed wouid be the number of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the aid of the Catholic Press."--Pius XI to Catholic journalists. FEBRUARY 6, 1936  A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH  VOL. I., NO. 11 /4 HI00' Ri(00 YEA hurch Increase in Japan 20% in 8 Years STATISTICS OF GROWTH SHOW REAL PROGRESS SCIENTIST VISITS PHILIPPINES LAWS URGED BY Bishops, FATHER HAAS M o n o poly Planned The Rev. William Schmidt, S. V. D. (center), director of the Lateran Ethnological Missionary Museum, is shown as he visited the Philip- pines recently. The famous scientist is en route to the Vatican where he will make a report of his tour in the Far East. The Most Rev. William Finneman, S. V. D., Auxiliary Bishop of Manila, who is in charge oLarrangements for the International Eucharistic Con- gress to be held there in 1937, is shown on the left. The Very Rev. Theodore Buttenbruch, S. V. D., regional sperior of the Divine Word Missionaries in the Philippines, appears on the right. Catholic Ranks In Russia Shrink STRICT LABOR Little Hope Felt While Nazis Confer By Hitler Youth 4 Popes Praise Press i! . \\; PlUS XI (1922--) PlUS X (1903-1914) iiiiiiii!ii++i++00+ I ii!:i!ii!i!iiii!i'!:{ii::i i ::::ii!!ii:i!iii:iiii:iiii!i'!i i:i!il i:: i BENEDICT XV (1914-1922) LEO Xill (1878-1903 ?! ! DELEGATE ASKS CELEBRATION OF ANNIVERSARY Tokyo, Jan. 27.--According to tatistics just prepared, the number of Catholics in Japan proper has Sed from 87,581 in 1927 to 105,- 1935. The population fig- 66,859,723. In Chosen (Korea), Formosa and the Mandate Islands there axe 155,948 Catholics, out of g total population of 26,164,095. The increase for Japan proper in 1935 'was 2,389. The statistics were prepared, at the direction of the commission for the Catholic Press, by Father P. C. Oertle, of the Society of the Divine Jord, stationed in the Niigata mis- sion. Native Clergy Japan proper is divided into 13 ecclesiastical territories. Only one diocese, Nagasaki, is served by na- tive clergy. The Maryknollers are in charge at Penyang. European nd Canadian missibners serve the ]rest. In Japan proper there are 12 bishops, 339 priests, 221 Brothers, 834 Sisters, 439 stations and 343 sacred edifices. Of the total clergy and Religious, 82 are native priests, 118 native Brothers and 405 native women religious, including novices. 427 Seminarians There axe 427 seminarians at the Tokyo seminar),, the only one in Japan, and 500 students at the uni- Constitution Should Be Amended, He States Union City, N. J.. Jan. 31.--De- claring that low wages, long hours, unemployment and farm distress are the effects of uncontrolled economic might, the Very Rev. Dr. Francis J. Haas, Rector of the Senlinary of St. Francis, Milwaukee, and noted )riest-economist discusses "The Next Steps to Recovery" in an ar- ticle in the February number of The Sign, a national Catholic maga- zine. He urges a constitutional amendment Economic force, either used or held in reserve, must be employed, he says, to meet the deplorable con- ditions with which the" country is ! faced with 10,000,000 unemployed and 20,000,000 on the dole. Pressure to be Resisted "The remedy," Dr. Haas writes "is clearly indicated. Pressure is to be resisted with pressure, res- traint with restraint, coercion with coercion. Some industrialists rec- ognize the necessity of proceeding in this way, but unfortunately do not 'follow through.' They "propose versity, and 3,785 boys and 11,762 girls attend 65 Catholic primary, Hil]eris]n Makes a'Voluntary' plan to restrain wage d hour competition. Each trade Amsterdam, Jan. 27.--Little hope is entertained among responsilde German Catholics that the new ne- gotiations now under way between the Nazi Church Minister and a committee of four German bishops for the application of the Concor- dat between the Holy See and the Reich will bring complete satisfac- tory results. All information reaching here from reliable sources confirms the opinion that the struggle be- tween Christianity and paganism in Germany has not yet reached its climax and that serious pres- sure continues to be brought to bear particularly against Ca- tholics on behalf of radical Nazi officials throughout the country. Baldur yon Schirach, Nazi youth leader, announced in Berlin that a new "Federal Youth League" will be brought to life sometime this year. This huge organization would embrace all German boys "and girls of the ages between 10 and 14. but the members of the Hitler Youth group would be destined to become the "educators" of all those youths not considered worthy by the Nazis to be enlisted among their select- I l association of employers, they say, .q ]  v  e Rff. Clrvlfor example the trade association ed body. The Hitler Youth is sup- | Jal and high schools. Of 79 char- I Driven from .. . [agree on a code of minimum wages nstltutions, 26 are orphan- I-'--- "" ---!"- --- D.,[ of garment manufactureers, would [ Countr - and maximum hours for the industry, has four Catholic printing P, otestants and  Y . and after the government had ap- hmenta+ PUbg]-ffg a weekly :;U f. .... : ' I ' ' t proved it, ae officers 0f the associa- dominate the larger organization in mnfl|fes t'/i, during I93,, - GEneva; 'b::27:-3-Suffering-atong itinnthe "g'r'2t'+Iirstmasg- +-hlk-mbesld:-l""-'-constituent members, pulsory +for almost +i0,000,000 boys 'v:of 77 books. , side the Catholics Of the Latin Rite ::"]:luing the year, ,1,700 adults and in the Soviete persecution of re- ligion have been the Catholics of the Oriental Rite, (Catholics in union with. RomG..bilt using a different liturgy). Statistics recently reported, com- paring the condition of Catholics of the Latin Rite in 1917 and 1935, have shown: That the five dioceses which existed on the eve of the Bol- shevik revolution have gone out of exisKence; that their places have been taken by ten Apostolic Admin- istrators; that only two of the l Apostolic Administrators are Bish-; posed to become a sort of Nazi elite among the younger generation, and its primary task would be to per- petuate the Nazi regime. It would "A primary defect of this scheme! and girls. Jews would, of course, is that it is unilateral. Workers. remain excluded. Abolish Catholic Groups ops, and that they are the only Bishops in the wide U. S. S. R.; that all seminaries have been closed, and, since 1918, it has been impos- sible to insure the ordination of new priests; that most of the clergy are dead or deported; that churches who, to say the least, have as much at stake in the labor contract as have employers, are excluded from the negotiation of the 'voluntary' code and consequenetly it will con- tain only what employers are will- ing to give. "But theory apart, from the negot- iation side the 'voluntary' idea would doubtless work out as not infrequent- ly it did under NRA. Too often NRA codes came out of trade as- sociation conferences containing on- ly the wage and hour provisions that either the most inefficient or the most greedy employers would accept. But NRA had and used (Continued on page 6, column 7) One of the essential prerequisities of the realization of this plan is the abolishing of the Catholic Youth groups which thus far have been able to maintain themselves in the face of Nazi opposition. The spirit actually prevailing among the Hitler Youth was once more impressively demonstrated by a message of congratulations set by Baldur yon Schirach, the Hitler Youth leader, to Alfred Rosenberg on the occasion of the latter's birth- day. "I hope," Schirach'said, "that the close cooperation which has existed between us for so many years will be continued in the future ArmedGuards A rres t Pries ts of in Dictators Change this state. Anti-religious laws for- bid any priest to practice his min- istry in the state of Chihuahua. As a result of the activities of the pistoleros, one priest has been oblig- ed to flee across the border to El Paso, Texas, to escape molestation after he had been arrested and later released when an injunction was ob- tained in the federal court. An- other was condemned to six months' imprisonment and fined 600 pesos for performing a marriage a year ago. athO Jcs Friends 3,448 children received the Sacra- ment of Baptism in Japan, and Chicago, Jan. 28.--A new, unoffic- 1,795,491 Communions were distri- is1 relationship between Catholic and buted, conservative Protestant churchmen in Germany was reported here in SEE RURAL MOVE[ an interview given out by Dom At- bert Hammerstede, Prior of the Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach, near Coblenz, Germany, who will make his headquarters at Rosary college, River Forest, Ill., until this summer. There he will conduct classes in historic liturgy, Dos Albert refused to comment on the politico-religious situation in his native count'y but he declared that Orchard Lake, Mich., Jan. 27--The prejudices are being broken down trength of the Catholic church lies and conferences have been held be- in a young generation which, refus- ing all compromises, thinks and lives in accordance with Adolf Hit- ler's ideals." To evaluate fully the meaning of such a manifestation, one must remember that Rosenberg is the most violent foe of Christian- ity, and particularly to the Catholic church, in Germany. Catholic Youth Stabbed The results of such policies are obvious. Shortly after Christmas a group of Hitler "Youth !embers for- cibly .gained entrance into a room in the hamlet of Brand Rhineland ' , i where a Catholic Youth group had l gathered in the spirit of the holy season. A clash ensued and a 15- year-old member of the Hitler group stahbed one of the Catholic boys with his knife (these knives form- ing part of the regular Hitler Youth equipment as "blood and honor dag- (Continued on pale 4, column 8) A Thought for Today The last four Popes, alive to the dangers and to the opportunities that face the Catholic church in the modern world, have been, with in- creasing fervor, staunch supporters of the Catholic Press. Since this is Press Month we have printed below some of theii" strong statements on the value of the press and on the Catholic obligation to support it. POPE PlUS XI: "You are my voice. I do not say that you make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few indeed would be the number of children of our commGn Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts wittmut the aid of the Ca- :holic Press." (Addressing a group of Catholic ournalists at the Vatican.) "The power and influence of the ',atholic Press are so great even seemingly insignificant activity in its favor >s of great importance .... Anything you do for the Catholic Press I will consider done for me personally." POPE BENEDICT XV: "The work of the American Ca- tholic Press has been most praise- worthy. They have been an effec- tive auxiliary to the pulpit in spread- ing the Faith." Archbishop Cicognani Records Events of Pontificate POPE PlUS X. "In vain will you found missions and build schools, if you are not able to wield the offensive and de- fensive weapon of a loyal Catholic Press:" "Not only read what is written in defense of religion, but work to have such writings spread among the peo- ple." POPE LEO XIII: "Among the best means adapted to the defense of religion there is none, in Our opinion, more efficac- ious and more suited to the present time than that which consists in meeting the Press by the Press, and thus frustrating the scheme of the enemies of religion." His Holiness Pope Plus Xl on February 12 begins the fifteenth year of his Pontificate. In the following article, written especially fop this occasion, the Apostolic Delegate to the United States reviews the great services the Holy Father has ren- dered the church and urges all the !faithful to cooperate in the mission of sanctification to which the Pope has called by. By The Most Rev. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, Apostolic Delegate to the United States (N. C. W. C. News Service) This anniversary ot tim election and coronation of His Holiness Pope Plus XI, marks the opening of the fifteenth year of a glorious ponti- ficate which has conferred favors and blessings upon the whole world. In this country we remember in a special way the voice of the Holy Father speaking directly and person- ally to the clergy and faithful of the United States during the National Eucharistic Congress at Cleveland. His words were the words of a fath- er an d a shepherd of souls; his voice, the voice of the Vicar of Christ who has but one aim--the sanctification of tile individual, of the family, of society. Expresses Sadness In his Allocution at the last Con- sistory, the Common Father of the faithful, reviewing the events of the !year, expressed with sadness the i deep suffering and the great harm ;caused by those who act as if God I did not exist, as if it were possible i to eradicate religion from con- ] science. But at the same time, the H01y Father spoke with joy of how his heart was consoled by the far-ex- tended har'est 0f rd[igious:faithnd charity, manifested by the pevple of many nations. He called to mind, as preeminent among tl-ese, the Na- tional Eucharistic Congress of Cleve- land. On this anniversary his pat- ernal words re-echo in the hearts of all the Catholic faithful, for nothing is more needed today than the pro- motion of the sanctification of the faithful and the extension of that santification into society as a whole. From the beginning of his pontifi- cate the one aim of Plus XI, his whole program, has been to make Jesus Christ reign, in individuals, in families, and in nations. All his tireless, inspired labor; all his acts, 'his words, whether spoke in a per- sonal fatherly way or as our su- I)reme teacher have had one single !aim--to promote sanctification. "Well acquainted with the serious : "Peace of Christ" purposes of American Catholics and In his first Fncyclical, Ubi Arcane their devotion towards this Apostolic Dei his program declared as its pur- See, while VCe send to them our pose the promotion of the "Peace paternal benediction VCe express the of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ." ...........  ..... r l:Ii Encyclical on the Catholic win tnat their aC[lVlt" In tile te-  . -"+ ........ "m - l___r+Priethood ismned on the twentieth tile IlelU OI the vres may mt i  ' " " ever more abundant fruits and, like; f Decenlber. last. repeatedly and -  ":--" ----'- -^-' -row +forcefully mlsts that Christ lS the the rvangencm IIJU.IU UUU,  i  '+ " ....... % + which m health and salvation both of the in- Into a strong ano nllgnt" tree : - " " - u " :- hranches  dividual and of ociet;- and that nnfler tile naoo " oI It .... i . .  . " ' . ,lthout HHn and ithout the guld wilt gather all the souls thirsting! " - " " after truth, all the hearts h.atiniance of His teaching, it is vain to  'huUd. He dwells especially on the for the good." fact that priests are the ambassa- dors of Our Lord, sent forth to pro- mote these principles. That Ency- clical describes in detail how priests should be trained and educated, and it exhorts priests to sanctify them- selves and others. His Great Encyclicals n "Quadragesimo Anno" the Holy Father seeks to have us sanctify labor and to champion that Christian justice which should prexail in all human economic relations. "Casti Connubii" emphasizes the ]sanctification" of marriage, and., the family. "Oivini Illius Magmtm sets [forth the work of the sanctification of the young, and the importance of their education. In "Rerum Eccies- [ (Continued on page 5, column 6) Pasteur, Catholic Scientist, Saved Thousands of Lives New York--In an effort to hring greatest benefactors. The incident t ahout a closer understanding be- in which Pasteur saved Mr. Meis- ter is shown in the film. tween the people of the United Visits to hospitals, instigations. States and France. the French colleges and with American scien- ,Chamber of Commerce has invited tists are to he arranged for the man wlmm Mr. CartieT terms "the living symbol of the courage and genius of Pasteur." , Pasteur was noted for his labors Bishop G. L. L00ch Installed as F f t h Harrisburg Ordinary i to prevent infection from noxious ibacteria. He was the inventor of the sterilization process named * after him. Probably no scientist in the Nineteenth century did more for human health than did Pasteur, a fervent Catholic. He once declared that he was unsatisfied with his own spiritual life (deep and rich aa that was) and wished for the sim- ple faith of an old Breton peasant woman. "Pasteur's work, according to th most eminent of medical authori- ties," said Mr. Carter "has result- ed in the saving of the lives of hundreds of thousands of men, wo- men and children of all races, creeds, and color." i "One of the first to welcome Mr. Joseph Meister upon his arrival in America will i)e Mr. William T. Lane, of New Jersey, one of the first i Amevicans saved by Pasteur," Mr. Cartier added. "More than 50 years ago, Lane and three other boys bit- ten by a rabid dog, were sent to Paris. treated by Pasteur, and [ saved." in the rural and not in the urban ares, declared the Rev. Luigi G. Ligutti, pastor of the Church of the Assumption, Granger, Is., and a lead- er in the Granger Subsistence Home- steads project, in a lecture before' students of St. Mary's college and the SS. Cyril and Methodius' semin- ary, here. Speaking on the "Objectives of the Catholic Rural Life Movement," Father Ligutti declared that city life tends "to curtail the religious life of the city people." "Thafaith and norals become lax," he added, "and piritua! need is disregarded while :material wants are elevated to prime lmportance. Large families are be- coming extinct and this is a serious no t to the stability of the Catho- pulation in the United States." the rural areas the picture is tranquil one," the priest contin- ued. "It is true that the lot of a farmer has been a hard one during (Continued on page 3, column 1) and chapels had declined in num- . Chihuahua ber with tremendous rapidity, i ln Now it is possible to present" up- to-date data reflecting the present ....  Chihuahua, Mexico.--Arrests by , Ullental position of Catholics of the i pistoleros, armed guards represent- Rite, vfho previously had a number ling the head of the State Govern- of churches in Russia- iment, have marked the renewal active persecution of the clergy tween priests and Protstant minis- ters, sofiaething, he said, that could not have been accomplished ten )'ears ago. Catholic Educator To Study Negroes Washington, Jan. 31. -- Eugene Clark, president of Miner Teachers' college and first vice-president of the Federation of Colored Catholics, of the United States, is a member of the Technical Advisory commit- tee for the survey of vocational edu- cation and guidance of negroes spon- sored by the Federal Office of Edu- cation, which met here this week. Altar on Liner London -- Britain's new liner, "Queen Mary," is to be fitted with a permanent Catholic altar. "Queen Mary" is one of the largest ships afloat. E t; .q t v by _xecu_.ve _ecre_ar. The Rev. James M. Gillis, C.S.P Courtesy of Paulist Press, C., 192. What Pilate Heard We say that Pilate was a coward. It may be that we do him wrong. Perhaps there was no hero that ever lived who could have held out against the mob that dab'. A mob is always a frightful thing. In a mob. men are perhaps literally mad, but on that day Pilate was dealing with something even worse than a blooc craving mob. He was trying to stand against all hell "This is your hour. and the power of darkness," Jesus had said. and there was awful mean- ing to His words. The gates of hell were opened, and the demons, though unseen, swarmed among the frantic Jews. There was something preternatural about the cries that broke against the stone walls of the palace of Pilate. We have never really heard "the cry of a lost soul." But it may be that Pilate heard the cries of myriads of demons that afternoon. It was helps high holiday and every demon was in Jerusalem. The voices of men and devils min- i gled and the result was enough to [ chili the heart of even the all-power- Rev. Dr. Joseph A. Daly, of New i ful and all-courageous God. When ,Pilate heard that shrill. "Crucified' York, noted ducator and radio I Crueified!" he must have said: speaker, who has been appointed i"These sounds are not the sounds of executive secretary of the Na- human voices. They are unearthly land diabolical. I cannot withstand tional Legion of Decency which t the fury of hell." He wonders and has just opened headquartersa -ill [shudders and surrenders. "Take I Him and crucify Him." The Exarch of the Catholics of the Slav Rite, Monsignor Leonidas Feodorov, had been imprisoned un- der the Czar, who ruled as a Dic- tator. He was still imprisoned un- der the Dictator Lenin, and died in[ exile at Viatka last March. All of i his priest have been either expell- ed or imprisoned. There is no long- er any single parish of the Slav Rite in all Russia. The Russian Domin- ican Sisters, with their Mother Superior, the courageous Anna A'brigossowa, have all been thrown into prison for their Catholic Faith. In the Caucasus, Catholics of the Armenian Rite predominated. Their Administrator Apostolic, Monsignor Bagaradian, was deported to the White Sea, near Solovki, years ago. Of the priests, some were imprison- ed and the others died of old age or destitution. De Valera Irks Litvinoff These facts, it is held, pro- vide the reason why Maxim Lit- vinoff did not dare respond at Geneva when Eamonn De Val- era, President of the Irish Free State, in the name of millions of Catholics throughout the world, demanded liberty of con- science from the Soviet govern- ment for its citizens. 00BOOK f By Obrver THE POSSIBILITIES in the way of Catholic Ation, Cath- olic lay leadership and Catholic press are illustrated by the case of Spain. The Spaniards apathetically watch- ed Bolshevik-led mobs burn their churches and schools and libraries, exile their educators and destroy priceless monuments of art and re- ligion and learning, and let an anti-! religious minority rule and ruin their i country, t All of a sudden the Spanish CaSh- (Continued on page 6, column 3 ]NOTE G. K. CHESTERTON notes that Bolshevik Russia has been moved or rather forced to re- =tore the Family and to confess thereby the contradiction of Com- munism in that respect to human _: .TIk$ only obvious alternative to Family is the State, To subset- for the Family the State is to .]Rike of the latter one vast Found- :|hli Hospital. The total control of =:luntan life will then pass to the State, and it will be a very abso- lute and totalitarian State indeed. The State is no more a substitute for the Family than officials arc substitutes for parents. Nobody but parents is interested in babies to the point of adequate care of them. 'We always come back to the un- answerable argument of nature," says ChesterSon; "that there do hap- pen to be one or two persons who are less bored with one particular very boring baby than everyone else would be. "That common sense is the con- crete foundation of the family; and -no negative and certainly no substi- tute in the vast and vague abstrac- tion of the State. All this is very much to the credit of Bolshevists; i if it is not altogether to the credit of Bolshevism. They at any rate have retained one essential mark of being alive. They have learned by their own mistakes; I wish it werel certain that our own industrial iv- Uization would do the same." to America the first person whose life was saved by the great Catho- lic scientist. Louis Pasteur. The man is Joseph Meister, now 60 years old. As a boy of nine he was bitten by a rabid dog. Pasteur, knowing the boy faced almost cer- tain death, defied the penaltie of French law for practicing medicine without a diploma, treated him and saved him. The father of six chil- dren. Mr. Meister now is employed in the Pasteur Institute in Paris. He is to land in New York. Febru- ary 6. Pierre Cartier, president of tim French Chamber of Comnerce, ex- plained that the invitation was in- spired by the fact that an American cinema company soon will release a motion picture entitled "The Story of Louis Pasteur," which depicts the dramatic life of the obscure chem- ist who became one of humanity's Eight African NativesOrdained relatives and friends, 20,000 in all, travelled from near and far to see one of the ceremonies. After a First Mass of Thanksgiv- ing celebrated the following day, the new priests separated for a short i holiday to offer the Holy Sacrifice i in their own villages where, a half- century before, ancestor worship and the cult of magic, genii, fetish- es, and the like, held supreme and undisputed sway over the native mind. Douala, West Africa.--The Catho- lic church in the old German colony of Kamerun passed another mile- stone in its rapid progress when eight young men. all natives, were raseid to the priesthood. They are the first native priests of the Cameroons. Their ordination marks the successful termination of more than 10 years of study under the direction of the French Fathers of the Holy Ghost society and the Swiss Benedictines of Engelberg. Priests, Sisters, native teachers, Harrisburg, Pa.. Jan. 31.--More than a half-score of Bishops, many prominent officials of the state and city, distinguished monsignori and priests from widely scattered points, representatives of the var- ious Sistershoods in the diocese, and a great outpouring of the faithful attended the solemn installation here Tuesday of the Most Rev. Gee. L. Leech as the fifth Bishop of Har- risburg.