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February 3, 1938     The Observer
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February 3, 1938
 

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t \\; A Catholic paper stimulates piety, . love or Cathollo Ideals, and an interest in the activities of the ChurCh of Christ. It makes for a great advance In the knowledge and love of religion. 00h00rrurr The Official Organ of the Diocese of Rock.ford "'You are my voice, t do not say that ?ou make my voice heard, but that you are really my voice itself; for few in. deed would be the numner of children of our common Father who could learn my wishes and thoughts without the aid of the Catholic Press."--Pius XI to Catholic Journalists. FEBRUARY 3, 1938 A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH 't vet. III., NO. i0. 00Icnv , , N S eeL : . Despite REDS ATTACK HISTORIC CHURCH FRAUO'USED ' ,e, ,.. ,. INuns Active War ttShhPiiiiteagme'ciPtehenest:iaik°aef'fl'CK'N'K'UTp i MOlE TO REDS? ....- .-_-, IGOVT' HONORS I -- !1 RSmi;?e:lii !;ei! i ig !!i MISSIONERS[ ISAINTLY NUNI '% 7:4;L00u2e' ture. ' Thinking' It would have been far less ridiculous had the aforesaid congressmen congratulated '.apone and his henchmen for :role defense of democracy freedom in their bootleg- ging activities. After all, Ca- pone and his cohorts were only reacting against an absurd and tyrannous outrage fraudulent- ly forced into the organic law. The Capons gang, after all, were not thieves, at least not altogether ; they were nol cowardly killers of multitudes: they did not outrage horribly and torture their victims be- fore killing them; they did not betray their country and civil- ization; they were not indec-. ent brutes nor torturers and outragers and murderers of women,--as are the Spanish Reds operating under Moscow control. Unlike the Capons gang, the Spanish Reds are thieves and thugs, murderers of women and nuns and tor- turers of them and outragers, cowardly killers of defenseless multitudes, savages and bar- barians, destroyers of art and learning and beauty, betrayers of every noble loyalty and of .every good cause, conspirators • finst God and Country, free- Works of Mercy Go On As Usual; Stay at Posts Ossining, N. Y.--In order to re- main at their posts in the periilous :war areas of China, Maryknoll :nuns are forced frequently to dodge death from the skies as planes fly low over many missions. This information has been re- ceived at the motherhouse of the Maryknoll Sisters, here, along with other data. revealing how the Sis- ters carry oh their work with as little interruption as possible. Air- raid signals sead the nuns scurry- ing to places of safety in base- ments. But in spite of all this, the Sisters in two orphanages which they conduct for the Maryknoll Fathers in Yeung Kong and Luting continue to receive nearly 200 in- fants monthly in each place. At a dispensary in Pingham over 1,000 are treated each month, victims of cholera and floods and sick and homeless refugees. "Business As Usual" In addition to Mercy hospital in Shanghai, where nine Mary- knoll Sisters remained at their posts during four months of bombing, there are 10 other mis- sions, all in South China, which are affected by the present war, according to the latest informa- tion received at the motherhouse. -But schools, dispensaries and oth- Catholic India staged a stupendous three-day demonstration of Faith, in Madras, during'the Sixth National Eucharistic Congress there, December 29-31. This photo, taken on the occasion of the civic wel- come to the Papal Legate, shows a few of the high civic officials who attended the reception. In the front row, left to right, are the Most Rev. Leo P. Kierkels, C. P., the Papal Legate to the Congress; Mayor Sivashanmugham Pfllai and the Most Rev. Lodovico Mathias, ArchbishoI of Madras. (Acme photo.). SOVIET GODLESSINUN ON STATE ARE STILL ACTIVE]SCHOOL FACULTY Many Te-00--nicalities To Teacl00 for Indiana To Close Churches University Moseow.--According to a state- Notre Dame, Ind.- Sister M. Amadeo, C.S.C., Head of the De- ment-maded.'"Kdrhendieast/' for- Partmeht of Nursing ft" St. Mary's :0% and democracy, Christ- er missionary works go on just (ontinued on page 6, column 7) NOTED CATHOLICI WAR HEROES DiE Distinguishedby BraveryS e l v e s I Pittsburgh.--The current issue of the official bulletin of the Army and Navy Legion of Valor of the United States, 48-year-old national organ- ization for recipients of valor dec- orations of the United States, fea- tures on its front cover a full- length photo of an outstanding hero of the World war, the late Sergt. Michael B. Ellis, Congres- sional Medal of Honor man. Sergeant Ellis, a Catholic veter- an of the war, died in Chicago, last month. The citation which accompanied his decoration and his complete service record with the 28th Infantry, First Division, is chronicled in the bulletin. Other pages relate recent Catho- lic .funeral services for Lieut. Pat- rick Shanahan, U.S.N. (retired) re- dent of the Navy Medal of Honor escuing a seaman 35 years ago. buried here, the bulletin rec- s, is Lieut. John L. Letzing, D.S.C., 148th Infantry, 37th Divi- sion, who, as a Sergeant in the 104th Infantry, 26th Division, was the first to be decorated by both the United States and the French governments. Another Catholic re- cipient of the Distinguished Service Cross, whose death is recorded in the bulletin, is Major C. Raymond Hulsart, llth Railway Engineers. Airplane Expert, Convert, Dies London. -- Leading expert on steel, non-ferrous metals and alloys for the Aeronautical Inspection : Directorate, Capt. W. A. Thain has 1 here, aged 66. He was received the Church by the Jesuits here lWliz 1926. the same, only with added air- raid drills and war relief activ- ities. The catechume'nates for women and children, conducted by the Maryknoll Fathers, go on as usual, the only variation being that the candidates for baptism leave fre- quently to make a trip to their home village to see what havoc has be, en caused by a reported or an actual air-raid. From several missions come gra- phic descriptions of war activities and preparations. In one city all the women are ordered off the streets at certain hours to permit :of military- tactics by local defense units. Children in the school and !orphanage are given air-raid drills. !Sick children are removed from the second to the ground floor of the orphanage for greater safety. Sis- ters, orphans, catechumens, native helpers, all learn to hurry to the basement at each airq:aid signal. One mission reports several such signals a .day over a period of weeks. Divine Office Interrupted Buses in another city have all been painted gray and the few gaily colored houses have been toned down to the same dull gray. Orders are given that all lights be shaded with double thicknesses of black cloth• When planes are near, the electricity is shut off. "The light went out just as we bega6 saying Office last night," writes Sister. "That meant that planes were near." While planes are repeatedly re- ferred to as flying low over the South China missions, as yet no word has been received of the bomb- ing of any of the places where the missions are located. However, sev- eral nearby villages, where the Sis- ters go for catechetical work, have been bombed, among them Tot Shaan and Sun Wui. Military Activity General The arrival of marines and sol- diers marching through towns and villages, troops quartered in native homes, refugee flsherfolks trekking inland from the coast after their boats had been taken by the Japan- ese, all these details of active and modern warfarerun through the pages of the letters and diaries re- ceived, after long delays, from the Maryknoll Sisters' convents in South China. Big Task Faces Catholic U. Scholar Washington.--A member of the faculty of the Catholic University of America here is being sent to England hy the Carnegie Institu- tion of Washington to press for- ward with a monumental work l which has engaged his attention for some 20 years and which, when completed, will "have a profound effect in the field of letters. The faculty member is Dr. Leo F. Stock, Associate Professor of Rspecting North America." m which Dr. Stock already ass brought out four impressive vol- umes, and which he estimates will require at least as many more vol- umes to complete. The purpose of this great work is to set down everything said and done in the English Parliament about America between the years 1542 and 1783. The fourth volume, brought out in 1927, brings the re- cord up to 1729. Although there eign Catholics residing at Moscow ,and Leningrad were able to oh- !serve Christmas liturgy without any notable incident, but Russian Catholics were afraid to attend Christmas services for fear of be- ing arrested, charged with having suspicious relations with foreign- ers.. Subterfuge At Minsk the churches were clos- ed during the Christmas season "for fear of a grippe epidemic," and at Engelsk and Marxstadt sev- eral Protestant clergymen were ar- rested. New regulations governing the closing of churches went into ef- fect on January 15. Moscob" or- ders will no longer be necessary and a local office of the G. P. U. [secret police] may act when the churches are thought to be the meeting places of elements hostile to the Soviet, b-henever the taxes are not paid regularly, in case of epidemic, at the request of a com- munity, or wherever the towers or cupolas of a church migh serve as points of strategical advantage to the enemy. It is reported that 8,000 "requests from the commun- ity" are already in the hands of the Commissariat of the' Interior. Unregulated Dollar Cause of Conflicts, Says Father Coughlin Detroit.-- Unregulated currency is "the basic cause of our national misery which has been the breed- er of class conflict at home and national conflict abroad," the Rev. Charles E. Coughtin declared in his weekly radio address yesterday af- ternoon. "In 1938." Father Coughlin said, "the American people stand fet- tered to the post of poverty and lashed by the whip of an unregu- lated dollar held in the hands of those who are interested in the concentration of wealth through the medium of bonds issued for de- struction, slaughter anl pagan hate. "Fortunately, our generation has discovered the basic cause of our national misery which has been the brgeder of class conflict at home and national conflict abroad. "Of these things I speak intel- ligently and fearlesssly with ani- mosity absent from my heart. If I complain about the unregulated medium of exchange and its nefar- ious operations, I do so construc- tively; for my objective is to en- courage the people of the United States, through theqr duly elected representatives to campaign for and to obtain a regulated dollar so controlled by the Congress of the United States that it will defy i manipulation by individuals who have not discovered the necessity of removing the cancerous cause of our economic illness." COLORED CHURCH college, here, has been appointed to the faculty of the University of Indiana. Inaddition tuber regular classes at St. Mary's for the second semes- ter, Sister Amadeo will give a course in "Vard.Instruction" every Saturday in St. Catherine's hos- pital, East Chicago, as part of the work of the Indiana University Ex- tension department. Layman, Mission Medico, in U. S. Ossining, .Y.--The illness of Mrs. Blaber has forced Dr. Harry Blaber, of Brooklyn, N.Y., tempor- arily to leave South China, where he has labored with the Maryknoll missioners since 1930. Dr. Blaber plans to establish •himself in his home city of Brooklyn, while Mrs. Blaber recuperates her health. The Tot Shaan hospital, developed so successfully by Dr. Blaber, i now in charge *5f Dr. Louis Chan, a graduate of the Kwong Vea Medical school of Canton and for some ,ears assistant to Dr. Blaher. Missioner Proves Good Somaritan Tatung, China.--While his mis- sion was forced to play unwilling host to a large band of marauders, the Rev. M. du Castillon, pastor at Hsupu, Shansi, some 30 miles east of here, used the few square yards left to him to establish a first aid center for the wounded, Lumen Service relates. Germany Expected To B a n Attendance At Budapest Congress Amsterdam.-- &ermany besides Russia may be the only country not represented at the Eucharistic congress in Budapest, according to a semi-official announcement from Berlin. However, formal decision apparently still has not been reached. Name Park After Venerable Mother Cabrini s New York. -- Within a stone's throw of the chapel where her body lies, an unusual honor was paid to the Venerable Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini today by the City of New York when it dedicated  the plaza at the entrance to Fort I Tryon park, in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan, as Cabrini circle. More than 5,000 persons attended this dedication of one of the city's beauty spots to the memory of the founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, the cause for whose beatification s now being advanced in Rome. Her tomb is in the Mother Cabrini high school, near Cabrini circle. The Church of El Cristo in Vera Cruz, Mexico. the first church built on the American mainland, which was set on fire January 15. by a group of Communists reported to be members of the Confederation Thousands participated in a par- ade which preceded the ceremony of Mexican Workers (C. T. M.). who drove out the Catholics from of dedication. The parade, which the historic edifice and destroyed sacred statues and ornaments. passed along some of the principal without interference by the municipal authorities. A protest has streets of Washington heights, had[ been sent t0 President Cardenas. (Wide World photo.) in line delegations from various] Holy Name societies, American Le-] • • $ 00ion oo00t, 00co00t, 00at00o,00o,Prlest Brings Invalid War Veterans of America, Jewish[ War Veterans, Knights of Colum-[ bus councils, and other denomina-[ 115 Miles Over Sn tional and non-sectarian organiza-[ tions, t9 ¢ Negro Journal In Tribute To Ohio Sister Cleveland. -- Tribute to Sister Mary Consilio, first of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament to ,die since the community came here 15 years ago to minister to colored Catholics, is paid in an editorial in The Cleveland Eagle, secular newspaper for the colored. The editor of the paper, Urn,end A. Forte, is an Episcopalian. "We did not know Sister Con- silio," the editorial said. "The ben- ediction that her life and infl:ence gave to those whose paths she crossed did not touch us; and, per- haps, we are the poorer %r It. But it DID touch, primarily, 1he lives of hundleds of black children to help mould them into better citi- zens. For Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, to which order Sisler Consilio belonged, by an endless chain of unselfish services to the poor, the downtrodden, and nder- privileged add strength to that! mighty challenge which is the Ro-i man Catholic Church in America --and by gentle, selfless, ceaseless toil they give to communities in which they labor a lesson in the Christian tolerance that transcends all barriers of creed, color, or con- dition !" U. S. Priest Aids China Red Cross Washington. -- Announcing that, upon the request of President Roos- evelt, its 3,700 local chapters will offer citizens the opportunity of contributing to a million-dollar fund for the relief of the civilian population of China, the American Red Cross here this week made public the names of n American Advisory committee in China. one member of which is the Rcv. Leo F. McGreal, S.J., an American priest stationed at Gonzaga col:ege in China. Pope Interested in Planes T REQUESTS MISSIONARY TO FLY TO ROME I Ottawa.-- The Canadian Press, e:udaI:::oSe:,ge;cny:, ifell t err°raY heroic missionary hauling a wound- ed Indian 115 miles for aid. The story was told here by Father Paul Langlois. A Lonely Journey News of the Indian's plight was brought to the mission at Albany, in the James Bay" district, by an Indian who staggered in to tell how George Mechat had cut off his foot with an axe 1175 miles west of Albany. Father Lavoie and three Indians set out with dog teams, but the snow was .too soft for the dog teams so Father Lavoie went on alone On snowshoes. After eight days he reached Mechat's wigwam." Mechat had been trapped under a tree while cutting wood, almost a mbnth before. After two weeks his sons found him nearly dead. He had cut off the lower part of his foot with his axe to free himself. The Indian was unconscious when Father Lavoie reached him, Father Langlois said. Gangrene had set in. For 14 days he had only a little flour and the odd rabbit for food, prepared by an Indian, who stayed at the wigwam while help was being sought, and Mechat's squaw. Priest Pulls Sled The two had kept the foot bathed with a broth made from boiled pine. Tent canvas had been used for a bandage• Father Lavoie fought his way back over the treacherous trails, dragging Mechat on a sleigh. At Albany, Mechat's leg was ampu- tated by Sister L. Marie of the Gray Nuns. Washington.--An interesting bit of conversation with P0pe Pins XI, showing His Holiness' intense interest in the use of modern means to spread the Faith, was related here this week by Father Paul Schulte, O.M.I., the "Flying Priest," who is laboring to provide air- planes, automobiles and motorboats to the missions. "In my audience with the Holy Father•" said Father Schulte, 'he asked me if I had come by plane•" "No," I replied. "Why?" asked His Holiness. I "My superiors wouldn't l me," I answered• "You are right, my son, in obeying )'our superiors," the Holy Father replied. "But the next time, come by plane." Father Schulte related the incident at a lecture here at the Catho- lic University of :A-merica for the benefit of the National Catholic School of Social Service• He also showed a remarkable set of films (By N. C. C. "W. News Service) Washington.--Some of the three- score members of the 75th Con- gress whose names appear on a message of "good wishes" to the Spanish Cortes made public by the Spanish embassy here Monday signed that document without knowledge of its import, and at least one of them was trying to- day to have his name removed, Wants Name Removed The only two senators contacted --Clyde L. Herring of Iowa and Sherman Minton of Indiana--said they signed the instrument with- out knowing what it was about, and Senator Herring added that he has been trying to get in touch with the Spanish embassy to have his name removed. Deny They Signed Five of the Congressmen whose names appear on the document were interviewed personaly or through their offices, and one of these--Representative Edward C. Etcher of Iowa--said he understood the document to be nothing more than greetings from one country to another• The only other two Congress- men interviewed said the petition had been presented at their of- rices and that they had declinefd to sign. Mystery Considerable mystery enshrouds the manner in which the message was circulated for signatures. The two senators said the message was presented to them by a man who represented himself as a newspaper man. One senator said he under- stood the man b'aS "a newspaper man on leave." The other thought the man was actively connected with a news agency in the Capital. Among the members of the house the message was circulated by a woman . . . Senator Herring said he did not realize the meaning of the mess- age until after he had signed, and that he since has been trying to have his name taken off the docu- ment. His office was contacting the Spanish embassy Monday for that purpose, he said. No Sympathy for Leftists Senator Minton said he did not know what the document was about when he signed it, and that he does not know nob-. He said it was presented to him at the IF ther S close of a busy day, and, seeing OldSlander a- on the names of other senators ap- • pended, he signed it. Asked if his signature to the message indi- On,_..,JesuitslTake Jesuit cated any sympathy on his part for the Spanish Leftist government, Senator Minton said: "Absolutely Vows Together not." j[.[/____glOj,l[AbHHl[.lbl €' Rel)resentat/ve Etcher said he had recently signed a document ex- tending greetings to the Irish Free Weston, Mass. --A 66-year-old State on the inauguration of its .Mllwaukee'--A .rapdily growing] widower and his priest-son this new constitution, and that he storm oI protest s follo]ng the m . " [week are to kneel side by side " thought this latter message was quotes report of a speech.made[the cloistered chapel of Weston TM another message from this ruesoav noon osiers rne twanlcolle_ e here and take eretual country to a sister country. club in Milwaukee in which Dr.l^wsin th '-^itv f JesusVlt i -i Frank Sheldon, Congregational believel to be the first time in the The message and its signers are mlmster,  used t false. charge,society of Jesus in North Ame,'ica! as follows: that Jesuits nolo cne enu us lnes ..  ]that a father and son have utter-i me mean ] " ed final vows together. We, the undersigned members of the Congress of the United States, "Dr. Sheldon should be given a I The widower is Brother John are happy to send our greetings chance to retract or to prove this[Berigan S.J., b, ho is in charge of and good b'ishes to the Spanish monstrous charge," said the Rex,. [ supplies and routine affairs for the Parliament on the )ccasion of its Gerard Smith, S.J., professor oflWesto n community. His son is the regular constitution of 1931. For Philosophy at Marquette univer-iRev Frederick L Berigan S J you to meet. again in the face of sity. ]Both were formerly of Worcester, the trying and tragic circumstanc- In a letter directed to The Mil_[.IMass,. es of the present demonstrates that waukee Journal, which carried a[ It was the death el Mrs. Lucy the Spanish people and their rep- report of Dr. Sheldon's speech and[(Callahan) Berigan in Worcester resentatives stand firm in their the reference to the oft-exploded in 1922 that changed the pathways faiti in democratic government. and false charge regarding the bf her husband and their son and We, who cherish freedom and de- Jesuits, Father Smith wrote: destined them to become lesuits, nmcracy above all else realize the significance of your heroic and de- "On page l, Col. 2, of the sec- termined fight to save the demo- end section of The Milwaukee made by German Deputy Dosbach cratic' institutions, of your young Journal for Jan. 25, Dr. Frank in 1903. republic from its enemies both M. Sheldon, pastor of Grand Ave- "Back in 1905 the two offers within and wihtout Spain. Your nue Congregational church, is looked like easy money, to acer- struggle sets a stirring example to quoted as saying: 'in my ser- tain Paul yon Hoensbroech and he all democratic peoples. As mere- men Sunday I criticized the Jes- appealed to the civil court in bers of one democratically elected unit tendency to be lenient about Trier." parliament to another, we salute gambling in the churches as long The court, after examining theIY°U" as it is done for benevolent writings of Jesuits submitted by I SENATORS ends.' Herr Paul, decided the Jesuits I Austin, R.. Vermont: Berry, I)., Tennessee: Brown. D., Michigan, :Bu- '%Vill you please give Mr. never taught this pernicious doe-[ low, D.. South Dakota: Byrd. D.. Vir- Sheldon the opportunity either trine. , ] (Continued on page 3, column ) to retract or to substantiate this monstrous charge? Protestant Catholic Radicals historians Kern, Fischer, Giese- ber, Ellendorf, Reuchlein, Nied- ner, Ranks, Gardiner, etc., ,,ill Warn Union Chief point the way to retraction, and the famous Paul yon Hoens- breech will illustrate the disas- trous results of libel." Pittsburgh.--The presence of a tacked by the Pittsburgh Central labor leader at a commemoration Labor union, which will ask him to appear before its executive board The Catholic Herald Citizen corn- of Lenin's death was sharply criti-, to explain hzs actions. ments: "Most repeated lie about cized by the Catholic Radical Alli- Remarking that Hacker's prom- the Jesuits is the one that they ance, in a lengthy statement issued inence in labor circles "does not teach that 'the end justifies the by two of its leaders, Rear. Charles make labor unions communistic," means" (meaning that one could dol Owen Rice and Rev Carl P. Hens-the statement issued by the Catho- American History-, author of "Unit-; ed States Ministers to the Papal States," and during the World War Recorder with the National Board of Historical Service under the Committee on Public Information. i The work is "Proceedings and De-i bates of the British Parliament is much ground yet fib be covered, and the references to America will become more extenMve in some of the years yet to be treated, Dr. Stock already has done much of the research for this period. He expects to complete the remaining volumes in about 10 years. Atchison, Kans.--A church and portraying the hardships of mission work in the Arctic regions. He school for the colored Catholics of told of the vigorous work done in "motoring the miss|os" by MIYA, Atchison, long striven for by the] the organization he himself formed for the purpose• monks of St• Benedict's Abbey As an introduction to the film, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, here. are soon to be realized• The celebrated radio speaker, made his first motion picture appearance. number of colored Catholics has In the film itself, he introduced the portrayal of "Wings Over the Arc- grown from three to over 70 in six tic," and made a plea on behalf of Father Schulte's motor work for rears, the missions. evil to promote a good cause).! Since 1,%3 there has been a stand-! ing offer of 1 000 gulden ($400}i made by Father Roh to any one proving that this immoral principle l was stated m any Jesmt book. Al- so waiting to be claimed is an-i other offer of 2,000 florins ($960) ler. The Alliance "deplored as a matter of grave concern to e*.ry true friend of labor," _he partici- pation of Carl Hacker, presictent of the Hotel and Restaurant Vurkers alliance, in the. Communist-ar- ranged memorial for Lenin. Hacker's action was also at- e d tie Radical alliance warns that "ac- tions such as Hacker's" are "fuel to the 'fascism' and vigilantism so frequently deplored by Mr. Hack- er." The Catholic Radical alliance made news last week by protest° ing Mayor Frank House's ban on CIO organizers.