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The Observer
Rockford, Illinois
January 26, 1947     The Observer
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January 26, 1947

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Jim 3 Seiriloml JANUARY 26, 1947 O500rrurr tuition of OHII SOMDAY VI$11OII O OFFICIAL NEWSPAPER OF THE ROCK,CORD DIOCESE ' Newo 'e,r llom -VOL-XXXV, NO. 3i im ,,,., Annual Drive For New And Renewal 'Observer' Subscriptions Opens Today The annual drive for new and renewal sub- scriptions to The Observer, the official publica- tion of the diocese of Rockford, will begin with the distribution of special envelopes on Sunday, Jan. 26. Catholic Press Month each year is assigned to February. The first two weeks of February will be especially devoted to the cir- culation campaign for our own diocesan news- paper, The Observer. As in previous years the subscription cam- paign will be conducted through the assistance of the pastors of the various parishes and missions of the diocese. His Excellency, the Most Rev. Bishop John J. Boylan has designated as a goal for The Observer circulation campaign: "The Observer in every Catholic home." In 1946 more than 11,000 copies of The Observer were mailed to homes in the diocese of Rockford each week. This year of 1947, the program is designed to place the diocesan newspaper in every home of the diocese and to provide Catholic reading material of our own diocesan activities with Our Sunday Visitor and Youth Magazine for more than 13,000 sub- acribers. Although most secular and religious news- papers in the country have increased subscrip- lion rates, The Observer will continue to sell for $1.50 per year during the February Press Month. The rate throughout the balance of the year is $2.00 per year. No other publication containing Our Sunday Visitor" and the Youth Magazine is provided at a reduced press month rate. Our Suuday Visitor and the Youth Maga- zine alone cos $1.50 per year. Every paper that is mailed actually costs the diocese of Rock- ford more than is received from subscribers. Our advertisers assist us to maintain the diocesan newspaper and to provide it each week in the homes of our readers. Through copious advertising, there is hope that no immediate need for an increase of the subscription price may be . I necessary. Your patronage of our advertxsers and your mention of The Observer to them will aid us in our publication of the weekly news- paper. A recent survey reveals that approximately nine-tenths of the families in the diocese of Rock- ford are now readers of The Observer. Through the efforts of the pastors it is hoped to make this 100% in the February Press Month campaign and to realize the goal designed for the Rockford diocese---"The Observer in every Catholic home." Notre Dame Glee Club To Sing In Rockford; Sr. Mary Ellen Speaker Two programs featuring people of national importance are to be given in the diocese of Rockford this coming week. On Monday evening, Jan. 27, at West high school auditorium in Rockford, the Notre Dame Glee club from South Bend, Ind., will present a concert sponsored by St. Cecilia Music and Drama guild of the Catholic Woman's league of Rock- ford. On Tuesday evening, Jan.+ 28, at Freeport, II1., in the Knights I of Columbus club rooms, Sister llary Ellen O Hanlon, O.P., from Rosary college, River Forest, will deliver an address sponsored by members of the Catholic Woman's league of Freeport. Daniel H. Pedtke, director of the Notre Dame Glee club that has ap- peared in all the prirci0al cities of the United States, will lead the college students in a program that ranges from early liturgical music to current musical comedy. That adequate seating facilities might bc available, the auditorium at Rockford West high school has been secured for the appearance of the Notre Dame Glee club. Special busses to leave State and Vcyman street in Rockford at 7:15 and 7:40 for the auditorium have been arranged. Busses will also be available after the concert to return people to the center of the city or to secure connections with other busses. Miss Loretta Crea- gas is chairman of the ushers who -,viii direct the seating of the guests at the concert. She will be aided by a large staff of members from the Junior guild of the Cath- olic Woman's league. Sr. Mary Ellen Sister Mary Ellen, professor, author and nationally known lec- turer, will address the members of the Catholic Woman's league and guests at the meeting in the :Knights of Columbus club rooms, Freeport, on Tuesday evening, Jvn. 28. Her subject is "Racial tIeritage." As a member of many learned societies, including the American Association of Univer- sity Professors and the Chicago Academy of Sciences, Sister Mary Ellen will speak with authority. A member of the congregation of the Sisters of St. Dominic at Sinsinawa, Wis., Sister Mary Ellen has pursued studies in all parts of this country, Europe and Canada. In 1925, she received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (magna cum laude) from the University of Chicago. More than 30 periodicals, |ientific and philosophic, have re- Sister Mary Ellen viewed her work, "Fundamentals of Plant Science." The book has merited and received the highest commendation from all students of biology. Sister Mary Ellen is the co- author of the college text "Biol- ogy" by Hauber and O'Hanlon. Besides the many articles that have appeared in scientific and educational periodicals and the book referred to, Sister has pre- pared a number of other treatises on matters pertaining to her spe- cial field. Following the lecture, an exhibit of her works will be on display. In an appearance last year be- fore the Catholic Woman's league of Freeport, Sister Mary Ellen spoke on "Racial Myths." Her present discourse will be an en- largement and a continuation of the previous lecture. From her wealth of knowledge, study and research, Sister Mary Ellen will discuss the meaning this year of the phrase, "Racial Heritage." Polish Elections Rigged For Reds Before Voting Reds May Ban Polish Peasant Party And Jail Its Head, The Vice Premier BY G. R. BRUNST Warsaw, Jan. 20.--(Radio)- Before a single vote was cast, the result of the January 19 general election in Poland was regarded as a foregone conclusion. The real ploblem is how the Soviet-backed Warsaw regime will seek to ex- ploit the "victory" it assured for itself in advance. Even if the balloting itself were technically "free and unfettered," it took place in an atmosphere laden with intimidation. A new- comer to this ea.pital--ruined to an extent surpassing the vildest imagination -- soon sensds the chilling fear characteristic of all totalitarian regimes. This fear is fed by remembrances of the ter- rible happenings during the war, the extremely difficult economic lituation of the present, and the uncertainty of the future. There are few who doubt that Vice Premier Stanislaw Mikola- jczyk, the leader of the Polish Peasant Party, will be ousted from the Cabinet by the Warsaw re- gime. Reports are current that the Peasant Pmy--only opposition to the communist dominated bloc ticket -- soon will be declared illegal. It is also reported that Vice Premier Mikolajczyk may be arrested and charged with "treas- on." How the people as a whole will' react in the event such measures come to pass is a question that may be answered in the very near future. Observing crowds of men and women praying in the crypts of ruined churches, it seems difficult to believe that the Polish people-- Catholic to the core--would accept without a struggle the suppression of the only party which is based on Christian democratic principles. In an obvious attempt to mol- lify Catholic sentiments, Victor Grosz, who heads the press de- Continued on page 4, News See. Special Confirmation Power Limited To Certain Priests And Restncted In Other Ways Catholic U. Canon Law Professor Explains Who Cm Confirm, Describes Necessary Circumstances, Ritual BY THE REV. JEROME D. HANNAN (Professor of Canon Law, Catholic University of America) Wide notice has been given in the American Catholia press to the decree of the Sacred Congregation of the Sacra- ments authorizing pastors to act as extraordinary ministers of Confirmation in cases in which the subject is in danger of death. It should be explained that this faculty has not beer granted to all priests; some are given the power, whil( others are clearly excluded. + Priests who have the faculty are authorized to confer the Sacrament only on those who are in real danger of death as a result of a serious illness caused by disease which, it is foreseen, will cause death. The serious illness must re- sult from disease, not from acci- dental injury, battlefield wounds, etc. Heart Attack Brings In considering those eligible to _ - -  .r. confer, it is obvious from the text l D@ath Four vays rlrer of tim decree, as reported in the -- .  ,  ,.t official Holy See publication Acta]Pl, rrlvIn in alltornla Apostoliae Sedis, that parish assis- L ants are not included. Los Angeles, Jan. 18.--(NC)- Neither are chaplains of hos-Victim of a heart attack, His pitals or institutions, even though/Eminence Rodrigue Cardinal Vil. they have been given parochial I laneuve, O.M.I., 63-year-old Arch- rights in other matters by the bishop of Quebec, died at Ramona Bishop. Neither are seminary rectors nor soperiors of religious houses Personal pastors and family pas- tors similarly are excluded from the faculty, except in instances considered below. Who, then, has the right to act! as extraordinary ministers of Con- firmation ? The authorization extends pri- marily to parish pastors, by which we mean any priest who has been exclusively and permanently en- trusted with the care of souls to the full extent of a .pastor in a given territory and a given church. A vicar econome, that is, a Driest acting as administrator in charge of a vacant parish, also possesses the faculty, i A parochial vicar representing a l moral person, that is, a priest representing a religious house or a unit of religious Olter or com- munity, likewise possesses it. This: applies where a parish has been entrusted to a religious Order or comumnity, and one of the mem- bers of the Order acts as the equivalent of the parish pastor. A personal or family pastor with territorial jurisdiction also has tim faculty. Examples here are the pastors of the so-called "national" parishes in the United States, the "Italian" parishes, the "Hungar- ian" parishes, the "Czech" parish- es, etc. It is important to note that the parish .pastor has permission to confer the Sacrament not only on the members of his parish, but on Continued ou page 4, News Sec. Msgr. Sheen To Speak In May To Rockford Club The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen, internationally known lec- turer and author, will upoeor in Rockford during the month of May under the auspices of the Rock- ford Catholic 7Vlen's club. Preliminary arrangements have been completed for use of the Notional Guard armory in Rock- ford. His Excellency, the Most Roy. John J. Boylon, D.D., Bishop of Rockford, is spiritual director of the Men's club, Ralph J, Baud- huin is president. Card. Villeneuve, Quebec Prelate, Dies Suddenly Acquire Now Catholie Student Facilities On University Campus Champaign, IlL, Jan. 20--(NC} --St. John's Catholi chapel at tht University of Illinois here has as, quired the former Chi Beta frater, nity house and grounds on the unb versity campus as an addition tq the present Catholic student centel facilities and as a rectory for tht full-time priests at the universityq it was announced by the Rev. Ed ward J. Duncan, chaplain to th Catholic students and director o| the Newman Foundation. In mak, ing the announcement Fatiier Dun can pointed out that the Cathollq student body, which has increase fourfold in the past 20 years, no totals 8,000. Academy in neighboring Alham- bra. Although the Cardinal had been ill for several months and arrived i here just four days ago from New York for a period of recuperation and rest, his death was sudden and came as a profound shock. Cardinal Villeneuve appeared to be in fair health after he arose yesterday morning and moved about the Academy. He was stricken with the heart attack at 7 a.m. and died an hour later. With him at his bedside wer Msgr. Paul Nicole, his secretary; Dr. Lawrence Quillin, a phycian, and a Sister-nurse of the Ramona Convent. A few moments after the Cardinal was stricken, Mon- signor Nicole annotated him and administered the Last Rites of the Church. Less than an hour after the Cardinal's death, Monsignor Nicole offered a Solemn Mass of Requiem for the repose of his soul. More than 350 elementary and high school students of Ra- mona Academy assisted at the Mass and afterwards recited the Rosary. The body of Cardinal Villeneuva was scheduled to leave here by airplane tonight, to be flown to Quebec. Arrangements for this last journey recall that in the closing years of his life, the Card- inal became an aviation enthus- iast. His interest in flying wag heightened when he made his first trm.s-ocean flight in 1944 to visit Canadian troops in Britain, France and Italy. On this occasion, ha made a number of visits to the front lines.. T_he prelate_, who was Continued on page 4, News Sea,