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January 23, 1944     The Observer
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January 23, 1944

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THE OBSERVER Sunday, Jnnuory 23, 1944 ,Washington Letter Show Few States Heed Federal Education Aid Emergency Argument Of Proponents Dissipated By Revenue Figures , By J. J. Gilhert Washington, Jan. 17--(NC)-- ]evelation that the State of New Yurk has a surplus of $140,000,000 throws a searching light upon the principal argument put forward for the extension of Federal financial aid to public education at this time. It is interesting that the an- nouncement comes just at the time when the campaign for the enact- mnt of Federal aid is moving once luore into high gear. Shifting their fight from the Senate -- where the Thomas Bill, which wouht have made $300,000,000 available to the States in aid of education, was defeated la]t Octo- ber by recommittal to Committee-- proponents of Federal aid are en- gaged in a quiet widespread and determined drive to bring about the passage of such legislation in the House of Representatives. Tile chief argument put forward for such legislation at this time is that the war-has made acutely necessary the assistance of educa- tion in the several States. At least stone of the proponents have declared that it is purely an emer- gency measure; that Congress need not continue appropriating the money after the emergency is passed. The impression is created that Federal aid would disappear GENOA Drugs BALDWIN'S PHASE 83 DRUG STORE EDGAR BALDWIN. PH. G.. R. PH. |11 ii Virgil Implements A. J. ZIMMER FARM MACHINERY CASE TRACTORS TEL. 1228 VIRGIL, ILLINOIS Lumber-Coal Vincent A. Schuh Grain Feed 'l I McCORNACK OIL CO. Distributori TEXACO PETROLEUM PF.ODUCT$ Statiom Loated At GENEVA BATAVIA ST. CHARLES iS00 21S En|t MnlJl We,t Main St. Charles L Coal, Ice W. H, Porker & Son ST. CHARLES COAL & ICE CO. Not. Inc. Phone St. Charles 57 Yard Office: I lth Avenue ancl Great Western Tracks COAL, ICE and WOOD Weight , Quality . Service ,ll Plumbing R. L. WAGNER Silent Automatic Oil Burners IRON FIREMAN STOKERS Office 549  Phones w Res 152 112 E. Main Street . YANKS SERVE NEW ARCHBISHOP The new Archbishop of Westminster, the Most Rev. Bernard Grlfln, is pictured as he oflclatcd at the close of a Mission held for Ameri- can troops stationed "Somewhere in England." The photo, taken last September. was sent to America by Army Chaplain William V. O'Connor. former Bishop of Birmingham. he Archbishop-elect was enthroned on January 18. (N.C.W.C.) with the advent of peace. This may not he the real intention, but it is an impression some ohservers delinitely have got from the argu- ments *of certain proponents of Federal aid. It is not contended that all States are ix) need of Federal as- sistance in order to "equalize" their educational work. As Sen- atm' Thomas, leading the fight for his bill last October, said, some of the States would receive nothing from the hill's appropriation of $I00,000,000 for the equalization )rogram, but "all States would re- ceive their share of the appropria- tion in the tirst part of the bill, which is to take care of the pres- ent emergency." This led Senator Taft of Ohio, opponent of the measure, to declare that, under the Thomas Bill, $200,000,000 would be distributed, regardless of need simply as a subsidy to all 48 stales. Senator Tydings of Maryland laid his own State had a large surplus in the treasury; that it wouhl want no such subsidy; that it could pay for such educational system as it needed. He suggested that Senator Thomas might receive much greater support for his mea- sure if he confined it "only to aid- ing those States which appear to be unable to aid themselves suffi- ciently to bring the educational system up to a desired standard." Senator Taft said "if the for- mula suggested by the Senator from Maryland were followed, so few States would get money that the bill never could be passed." Senator Taft said his own Ohio did not need and did not want the 'subsidy proposed, and he asked if it were not true that "44 of 48 States today are operating on a surplus basis?" He inserted in the Congressional Record a table on State finances prepared by the Department of Commerce which he said showed that "in 1941 the total State revenues were $5,457,000,000 whereas iu 1942 they were $6,113,- 000,000," "So," he said, "the effect of the war was actually to increase State revenues by more than 10 per cent." It is obvious that all of the States do not need Federal aid at this time. Just how many might he said to need it, observer's feel it would he difficult really to esti- mate. But, they point out, if some States actually do need outside hell) even in these days, how can it be said that the Federal aid mea- sure is wholly an emergency mea- sure? Their contention is that every sign points to the fact that State revenues now are the most encouraging they have been for a long time. And if a State not only is not boasting a surplus, but actu- ally needs Federal aid to bring its educational program up to scratch, how can anyone contend that the need for Federal aid will disap- pear when general financial condi- tions are less booming? No, they say, if it can be argued that a State needs outside financial help now, you might just as well put it down that that outside aid, if ex- ended, will have to be permanent Observers here are at a loss to find iuat.ifiest.ia .fnr t.h Ynp.ndl- / "a ture of $200,000,000 out of the $300,000,000 that the Thomas Bill would al)propriate "to take care of the present emergency" in educa- tion in the several States. If mon- ey will correct the "present emer- gency" situation the States them- selves seem to have enough of it. As for the portion the $300,000,000 appropriation that would go for the "equalization" of educational opportunities in the various States, Senator Thomas himself said last October that "the $100,000,000 of course would not bring about equality." He added, that "the reason why it would not, however, is no reason for not doing some good and not attempting to over- come an evil whicll exists." It seems to boil down to this the States are rolling in wealth apparently, and--at least for the most part--do not want the $200,- 000,000 that would be made avail- able to take care of the "emer- gency situation." Senator Taft says these grants in aid would be outright subsidies and nothing more. Senator Thomas doesn't like this word. Whatever you call the grants, the States seem not to need them and not to want them. Add to this the fact that the $100,- 000,000 that would be available for "equalization" would not "equalize" and the need for" any of the $300,- 000,000 appropriation seems to vanish. But the big point--the one that shouhl be kept in mind at all times --is. that Federal aid is pretty certain to lead to Federal control. The wm'ld has seen to what pur- poses the central government of a country can put the iron-fisted con- trol of the country's schools. And the world doesn't like it. It doesn't dissipate the fear of Federal Con- trol to say this would he emergency help. Emergency or not, temporary or not, the camel would have got his nose under the tent. And remember, there are those who are convinced the Fed- oral grants can't be merely tem- porary. If one could be sure the Federal grants would be temporary, if one could be certain the Federal grants would "equalize" educational op- portunities, if one could be certain the States urgently need and des- perat'ly want these grants, it would still be a very great risk to the future of the country to make them. Since ))one of these assur- ances is present, the steps seem foolhardy. Radio Address Of Westminster Archbishop- Elect Postponed New York, Jan. 17.--(NC)--A radio address by the Most Rev. Bernard Griffin, Archbishop-elect of Westminster, which was sched- uled for Jan. 15, was postponed until sometime in February, the National Broadcasting Company announced today. The address will be carried on the nation-wide NBC facilities and the day of the ad- dress x I, I ha announced News Seetlen  Pale | 1 Forty Hours of Devotion St. Mary's, Morrison -- Third Sunday after Epiphany. Holy Cross, Stockton -- Third Sunday after Epiphany. Hobby Contest Held At St. Patrick's, St. Charles; Winners Named St. Charles.--The eighth grade of the George H. Rempe Memorial: school of St. Patrick parish staged a hohby contest recently in which i entries were made in various groups: the first group, scrap hooks; the second, living things; the third, constructed articles; the fourth, collections of any kind. The winners were as follows: Group 1, John Callaghan, a scrap- book on horses; 2nd, Phillip Lucas, match folder's scrap book; and 3rd, James CopperS, a scrap book on boats. Group 2, William Descourouez's three rabbits, Pinky, Hans and Fritz, first; Burton Stratton'., figeons called Whitey and Family, second; and Robert Cailliau with rabbits called Blackout and Red Wing, third. Jack Erickson was first in Group 3 with his P T. Boat and B-17 Barbara Weibler's beautiful hand- made rugs, second, and Richard Van Bogaert was third with a large jigsaw puzzle of the Grand Canyon in a frame. The winners of Group 4 were: first, Eda Piccinini with a collec- tion of miniature shoes; William Dcscourouez with a collection of miniature China (togs; and Louise Bricher with hand-made gingham giraffes about nine inches tall. The entries were exhibited in the school assembly room where the other classes viewed them. Upon returning to their class|'omns the chihtren voted for the ones they liked best. Charles Saelcns was in charge of the voting and prizes were award- ed to the winners. Somonauk Party Jan. 26; Sodality Elects Officers Somonauk.--An evening card party and dance will take place in Feel)an Hall at 8:00 p. m. on Wed- nesday, Jan. 26, sponsored by the Altar and Rosary society of St. John's church. Mrs. Ed Sherman is chairman of the committee in charge. At the regular meeting of the Young Ladies Sodality the follow- mg new officer's were elected: President, Marion Rompf; vice-. president, Rosemary Colbe; sec'y.,, Heloise Parisot; treas., Patricia La- Belle. The retiring officers are: I President, Mary Helene Parisot; I St. Edward Sodality 100% Successful In Mission Endeavor Elgin. -- The newly organizd Sodality at St. Edward High School announces that its initial Mission Endeavor was an immedi- ate and complete success. Under the direction of Mission Prefect Ruth Beckman, the drive for mem- bership in the Society for the Pro- pagation of the Faith was launch- ed Monday, Jan. 10. Before nine o'clock Wednesday morning three classes had 100% enrolhnent, and the entire school was enrolled by Thursday. The sodality officers were delighted at the keen compe- tition among the classes. The second Sodality meeting held January 19 was featured by a de- hate on the subject, "Resolved that Present Day Catholics are Defeat- ists in their Attitude toward their Faith." Debaters were Lois Mun- gerson, Bill tloban, Edward Cur- rier and Bill Bailey. St. Edwards was notified this past week that it has received ac- crediting from the State of Illinois anti affiliation with the State Uni- versity. vice-president, Virginia Hann; sec'y., Virginia Meyer; treas., Rite Parisot. A bewildered sergeant entered a ladies' specialty shop. "I want a corset for my wife." "What bust?" asked the clerk. "Nothing," he said, "it just wore out." Harvard Funeral Director PUTNAM'S FUNERAL HOME PHONE 66 SOS NORTH DIVISION STRErr i I Shurtleff Coal & Lumber Co. (Not Incorporated) MARENGO UNION MAPLE PARK ELGIN BARRINGTON HARTLAND HAMPSHIRE luare CARPENTERSVILLE Products "hhurrlelr Bert|an BaUaflM" : Founded 1841 00INKH IMKR IL$1N - aecuwotIP ELGIN COAL & ICE "DEALERS IN TEMPERATURE" COAL FUEL OIL- ICE FOR SERVICE! 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